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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 9, 1914, Lethbridge, Alberta CARDINAL BEGIN NOT A POLITICIAN Canadian Prince of Roman Catholic Church Holds Aloof Fiom All Controversy. IS A GREAT SCHOLAR The Simpler and More Spiritual Duties of His Office Ap- peal to Him Most By M GRATTAN O'LEARY a LJHOUQH tho life of IJL Cardinal Begin has stretched well Into the twentieth cen- tury, the twilight of tho eighteenth fimmed to linger around Mi early home, when he was born In the his- toric towh-bf tevls, June 10, .1840. The future Prince of tho Church was ushered into the world when. his country and his. race were being be- sot -with trials in Upper Canada the had been stamped out In blood and ashes In Quebec Pap- ineau .patriot followers'had been banished across the lino.. The fight for responsible government seenied: doom ed to failure. -Like the majority, .of ,the children of the well- to-do French .Canadians, young Ixmis.Nazaire Begin was sent to one of Quebec's'.famous seminaries, and then to historic LavaK Later iii life he was sent to Rome, to its celebnt- Ci'l Gregorian-'College, where ho delv- ed deeply into philosophy and theo- logy, tho atmosphere of the Eternal, City. His studies in Rome completed. Canada's Cardinal- to-be, took a course- at the Catholic University -of Innsbruck, Germany. Already a master of French, English, Latin- and ho studied deeply the languages of the Orient, and got a' good sprinkling of German. We next find him back in Canada professor of dogmatic theology imd ecclesiastical history, at the TJnl- .vcrsity of In 1886 he was ap- Principal of .-the Laval Nor- mal SuKuuir -T-His old building occu- pied historic ground. It stood on the steep clIfE that frowns down upon. Lower Town, with its quaint narrow streets -.-arid old-fashioned looked down into the misty St. Charles, withrtlie domes ot the Laurentians'ghosting up to the north, Und across the St. Lawrence, where the lights of Levis blink over the river. Time and progress have changed the'place. The-old.building has long .since gone; and on the site there-now-stands the gay and pic- turesque .Chateau Just it itttle down Hie way is the old Basilica, quaintest and most historic of all the great cathedrals of Canada. Bishop of Ghicoutimi BY 1888 lather pegins reputation for deep learning piety, and administrative capacity, _had reach- ed- the ears of Rome, and he was made Bishop of ChicoutimL Ho. was Cardinal Begin. then in his forty-eighth year. In 1891 he was once more promoted, this time to be coadjutor to tho late Cardinal with the. title of Archbishop of Cyrcne. From 1894 till 1S08, he administered the Arch- diocese, when he was appointed its head, with his cathedral tho -Basilica, and his career firmly established in the Ancient City. Although his career has stretched through eventful times in 'the Church and State in Quebec, Car- dinal Begin has ever held aloof from bitter political and religious contro- versies. He has been a hard, ooii- slstcnt worker in the interests 01 both Church and State, although his achievements have sometimes been dimmed by more picturesque and spectacular men. It is often charged that iho Catholic Church in Quebec ever encroaches upon civil rights. The -whole career of Cardinal Begin contradicts., such an assertion, -if there were those among his clergy who sought through the pathway of politics to win power nnd favor for their Church, it was without tho sanction of tho man who presides over its destiny in Canada to-day. But while he 1ms held aloof from the turmoil and strife of party politics, ho has labored unceasingly for the social'nnd political, as well as mor- al, welfare of his people. Quebec replete with ancient, memories, he knows and loves. jYom tho tow- or of his Basilica can be henrd tho 'vesper bells of nine parishes In that extensive, yet compact archdiocese. Cardinal BcRln knows them all. Ho has kept history nnd learning and and well-poised in his inonlnl outlook. And though a prince of the Hoirmn Catholic Church and ambitious- for that Government. Church, ho loves and Is beloved by Thirteen 'years older than those outside her fold, ilia vlows r.onl Morley has aged on church nn on were once csprca-i f (in follows; IcoDtlbly those hist few years. Verlmps in "time .Ml our different jatop. is slow urn! measured; THE PILGRIM ALFRED NO1ES, the ex- ponont Ot paying told a good atory at Princeton. "Ono he. said, "my work Interrupted by a Westerner. Ho'rushed in oh me enthusiastically, bruising, my hand with the power hta cordial clasp He mado me sit down and my name fif- ty tlrhes on a sheet of fools- cap that he dtow from h't> wanted to dls- 14 tribute, ho explained, my autogriph among hio Irlenda He urged-rne write-a poem for. poem off, while he looked on. This fail- ing, he would not go tuTI had read him a, good half-dozen selections'from my works." Mr. Noyos'sighed. 'And all the; end- ed, "the duffer called me Boyes. religions may. common meet- ing ground and out of them may be evolved one universal faith that will encompass the whole world' This statement be vague, but it is.'broad arid..optimistic. Simple Duties AST" Yeai s Da> when the, Anglican 'Bishop of Quebec, accompanied'by hia clergy, paid liis respects to tho Palace of the Basilica; a Presby- terian minister who was present at the same time imconsciqusly mented, it is said, upon the "Arch bishop's' idea Concerning, world-wide religion, and observed that.-such a mee'ting of two'nets-of ecclesiastics was a possible portent oC church union. The incident" attracted con; siderable attention and -was made much of by tho press Quebec. Philosopher, scholir, and prince of Cardinal Begin Is first pf-aU'tlie priest, lab- oring for the 'salvation; of souls, and never relaxing" his self-discipline in the school of piety.'The .simpler and more spiritual his'high of- fice have always, appealed to him most powerfully, and no entangle- ments with the great.affairs of the world have been stifficient .to divert htm from the constancy and fervor of his .devotions. With him! religion, is a real .greatest reality of he has ever citing close to the rigorous code he learned at the seminary, although .engaged in manifold labors that, have left, and will leave an indelible.stamp upon the fabric of the Catholic Church in Canada.1' SIR HERBERT TREE'S WIT PROBABLY more piquant anec- dotes are .told, of Sir Herbert Tree than any other actor, It is re- lated that a member of the profession once came to him for a job and re- marked jthat he liked parts that gave scope -for good acting and. further, that ho had a fondness for Shake- speare. "What a re- plied the actor-manager blandly, "so have II" Another time an ambitious actor induced Sir Herbert to listen to his elocution. "Do yoti mind standinjr a little farther the great man kept on asking, and the other, think- ing ho was making an impression, linffiy obliged. Finally .he had to confess his inability to go back any farther- "If I he added, "I will find myself "Quite was the arch response. When Sir MakAitkin Was Insurance Agent A Glimpse Into the Career of One of Canada's Most Remarkable Men. HJ2N I first met Sir Max Alt- VV kin." remarked a certain Can- adian firm's Eastern representative, Toronto firm's Eastern representative, 'it was at Truro, N.S., in 1906. Miss- ing my liiiiii, I to kill tho day, ind spent most of it in the public my mind the most beau- tiful natural park In Canada. I got talking to a young chap there stranded iike gave his tame as W. if. Aitkin. Fine, large, speaking eyes of greyish blue he had, spread well apart. His firm-set jaw ind forcciul lips impressed me. He told me his age, 27; H wouldn't have suprised me had he aaid IS except for the dominating strength of his >s. I remember that his head the public a truthful account of his struck me a size too large for this admittedly remarkable career is per-. Latest Royal Victims of the Assassin's Bullet rpHD .Archduke Francis Teidmind of Austria and his morgiinp.tic wife, formerly the Countess Sophie Chotek vhn ere assassinated on Suu- day, June 28, at Saravejo, by a Servian fanatic. Death of Crown Prince and Wife Ended Royal Romance Archduke Franz Ferdinand Was Loyal. .to -Morganatic She Was Clever-and Popular, and Fought Hard Battle Aristocracy to Win Throne for Her Son. y THE assassination this week of Archduke Fian? Ferdinand nephew of Emperor Francis Joseph and liclr to the Austrian throne, and his morganatic wife, the Duchess of Hohenberg-, brbug-ht to a tragic end one of the most interesting: and re- markable of royal love stories. It was the climax to a fascinating dra- ma. Francis Joseph. Emperor of Aus tria, King- of Hungary'and Bohemia, is aging rapidly, and the tug-of-war has grown stronger every day for the succession to the throne. It has been a struggle between a beautiful and ambitious woman do'iermined to make her son a monarch, and a proud cir- cle" of archfiiikes backed by the'Aus- trian Constitution and a solemn oath. Twenty-two years ago, the young Archduke Franz Ferdinand, a nephew of the Emperor, fell violently in Move with the beautiful Countess Sophie Chotck. daughter of a Bohemian mag- nate, who had been Austrian ambas- sador at the Russian and Belgian courts. Count Chotck, her father, knowing the barriers which separate even the most aristocratic families from the Austrian royal family, was aghast at this love-making. He fore- saw it could only lead-to a court scandal, the Emperor being strongly opposed to any of his family marry- ing out of the royal circle of Europe. Then nh event occurred which mndo nil Idea of a marriage more un- wise than ever. The Crown Prince of Austria, Prince Rudolph, only sou of the Emperor, was found dead in a shooting bos at Meyerling, in thu mountains. The story of this tragedy is still wrapped in mystery. What caused his death almost nobody knows. The official'exiJiimuiiori BRITISH POLITICAL LEADERS j HAVE AGED UNDER STRAIN Lloyd George's Hair Quite Grey at Every One of His 62 Locks are White. THERE Is no activity in which a man ages more quickly than in politics. Quito young, men In the British House of Commons look prematurely old. At times even Mr. Churchill, over whose liead only 40 summers have passed, has the look of. a man oE 150, nnd the teli-talo marks age under the eyes have registered themselves. His colleague, Mr. Lloyd George; some 11 years older, has the wall: and tho alert figure of a well-pre- served .man of his worn Illicitly at tho back, la quite grey. When the Chancellor Is vexed the lines on his face show out. very strongly. Only when he smiles he looks his real age. Mr, Asqulth's hair, or what there is left Of it, is quite white. He fflvcs you the Impression' that he haa lived every one of years, and. that time has dealt not too kindly with him.' Ho Is young-looking, however, compared to Mr, Bin-ell, two years his senior, whose; deathly pallor Is accentuated by the mass of white hair that always seems awry. For a philosopher with of Irish Secretary has ill- rcslstod tho advance' of years. One imagines Ills career likely to end with tho dissolution "or' tho. present .his pcr- His that once rang through the House like a clarion, is low and difficult to hear; the fine ascetic-looking face is the face a very old man. One sees the difference m "time's treat- ment of others ivhen ono notices the tall, upright, steady figure of Lord- St. Aldwyn, better known as Sir Michael Hicks-13each, striding proud- ly through the Lords. On him the years Jmvo fallen very gracefulis1. He might he only GO from that firm gait of'Ms, and ye! he is .77, With his dally floral buttonhole ami his well-Titling clothes, Mr. Redmond iftcs the belief that he Is young, but-.regard Ing. him fm ono of those' off-moments, when hfs fea- tures assume a settled expression, one cannot help being struck by.the lime-worn, picture, ho presents. His hair Is now finite white. Lord Lansdowne makes brave itrugglo to resist'looking unduly old, anil, remembering that he Is 68 ono must admit he has done much hotter than mnst contemporary statesmen in Parliament. His 'carriage is re- markably 'upright, and he- shows wonderful vitality, duo to tho care- ful way in which he has husbanded his energies. Mr. Balfour, three years younger, has remarkably 'Im- proved In health nnd appearance s'.nco he relinquished the reins to Mr. Bonar Law. Ho ten years to the good aa. compared to the days when thrf "Balfour must go" cry wns the leading note in English, politics. AS for Mr. Bonar Law, ho wears very well, and one hns some difficulty In bollevlng ho Is really 56. U would seem, therefore, that 'aiticide." The Baroness Vetaera, woman with a hectic past, was found dc-Eid at his shot through the" lieart. Rumor mumbled Indis- tinctly of murder at the hand ot a former lover, but.the secret of tlio crime ia lotikcd in the hearts of pi few, who keep silent for the Em- peror's sake. Rudolph had daughters, but left no son, so the Grand Duke Frany Ferdinand became heir to the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary. His marriage..with Coun- tess Sophie Chotch sGcaieU too wild a dream to be 'realized. True to His'Sweetheart RAKZ was forth- with proclaimed Crown Prince. The Emperor, who admired his sterl F ing qualities and his industry in the task of improving urged him to marry and secure-ithe1 succes- sion ,lo ;the throne. The pick of all thu eligible roynlHies in Europe were before him, But Franz Ferdinand re- fused to pay suit to his Bo- hemian sweetheart, the 'Countess Chotek. 'Several years passed, during which the old Emperor proposed varioti royal princesses to his nephew, but the answer wns always' the samu. The stout old Emperor, obliged to give in. The marriage was ar- ranged, but, according "to. tho consti- tulioji and the inflexible laws the House of Hapsburg1, Ferdland had to swear that both he tind his wife looked upon the marriage as a mor- ganatic one, that she would never at- tempt to share her husband's throne nor seek to place her future children thereon. In July, 1300, the marriage took place. A daughter, Sophie, wus-born in 1001, a son, name borne by the JTapsburg'o most bril- liant, 1902, and another son, Ernest, In 1004. Now, though she bar! been ready to.renounce her own pretensions to the throne, the countess grew more ambitious where her chll- "Wci-u concerned, and soon be- gan her campaign against thc'decln- ratioii. Slic was not received at court as a member of the Imperial family. Thoiigh Si-jr husband to tho Emperor, she bad to take'her place beliiiid the merest child of a princess, and nil treated her with marked dis- dain. Between her son and the Uironc were more than .sixty arch- dukes of various degrees of consin- Hhip to her two near- est being the Archdukes Charles and Maximilian. .light, fair-Inured chap, plainly far from robust. His wide range of read- ing gained my interest at once. Hap- pening to ring in a Mulvaney quota- tion that came pat, lie told me how lie had recently met the'great Rud- yard on tho Miramlch'i River, and, being n. "Kipling enthusiast myself, tils lively account of his intimate in- tercourse with the poet-uoVelist for several days was appreciated. "Later, having been asked to Ait- kins' room at our hotel, I found him clicking away at a typewriter, and he satisfied my unuttereO. query at once. said he. 'There's a lot of correspondence about this game. Some peoplo seem, to think insurance men are bores and Insurance a cross. it's a cross they ought to carry it; how's the .brightest- of smiles. I only mention that because everything I've read about the won- derful after-success of Sir Max en- larges on his seriousness alone. I've heard nothing wittier than the re- coptiun he depicted awaiting me when I reached Glace Bay with my millin- ery samples. He had' just come from the little coal town, and told how a hustling hat man had. already covered the ground, so that every store in the place was knee-deep' in than could ba used in the place in five years, 'There's only one order he didn't Joked Aitkin, 'and it may'be it will be the Dominion Coal to buy bonnets for their mules; in the underground workings.' Such side- lights on tho chap who put himself through school, had started to write Insurance before Lord Cromer is Past Master of Strategy, o Successfully Encountered .Wily Egyptian Officials Always a Man of Deeds, shaved, iwas worth oVey a million'at 30, and at 31 ivas a member of the British House mitted, and all sorts of erroneous statements aro allowed to creep Into the press. He was once a Liberal and a member of the National Liberal Club for twenty-eight years. But on the day the first Home Rule'bill was introduced he wired from Dublin to have his name removed from.tHc roll of members. Though pressed to re- main on the ground that the club would in the future bo equally avail- able for Liberals who were .Unionists and Liberals who were Separatists he was unyielding. Tho stories that could be told of Sir Edward's experiences at the bar add to one's regret that he will not give the biographer any help- When at the time of. the prosecutions under the Crimes Act in Ireland he was go- ing up and down the country prose- cutintr moonlighters at the risk of his life he had remarkable adven- tures. Ou one occasion a menacing crowd outside the courthouse await- ed bis departure, and the police thought it advisable for him to leave by the front entrance, but he instat- ed and calmly walked into their midst. Though-they were brandish- ing sticks arid openly declaring what they would do to Carson when they got Tipld of him. yot the .moment they saw the fe.irlOBS lawyer they made a way for him he escaped without injury. Living Sphinx of I uch was tho title once bc-j stowed upon Lord the great pro-consul and maker of modern Egypt, who at the moment of writing is reported to be lylns lerimisly ill at his London residence. Lord Cromer used quick and dar- ing methods in dealing with Egyp- tian risings. At one time Cairn was almost openly disaffected, and tho British garrison was small. His lordship, however, caused it to bo known that a regiment was on the. from India, but he was careful not to explain that it consisted of iick-Jeavc- and time-expired men and bandsmen. i AH the able-bodied soldiers In gar- ison were ordered to parade all over the town in small parties and the natives did not take in the fact that they were a sort of stago the same men over and over again, j The last straw was when Lord' Cromer coolly put on flannels and1 publicly played game after gair.c tennis. This final piece of bravado ipped the threatened rising in tho bud. Several times during hia early; days in Egypt Lord Cromer's Ufa wag in danger. An English visitor who resembled him was found Btab-j bed to death, having been killed -in mistake for the great while on another occasion a dervish was found to have a knife concealed in a petition which he was about'to present to his lordship. j And It was because he was always a man of deeds, not words, that Lord: Cromer became known as .the- "Sphinx of Egypt" He made self a power in Egypt which ted of rso rivalry, and, -although 1883, when he was chosen agent and1 Consul-General. highly-placed Egyp-; tians told him it would be to do away with bribery and tho; buying and selling of justice In that land, the answer was, "I arn here to! change all that" Lord Cromer once went to Khedive to demand the instant dis-i missal of a high official who was! the-Khedive's intimate friend. En- raged at the request, the Khedive- refused point-blank to dismiss him. j Lord Cromer replied, quitpj coolly, "unless I have an order dismissal in five minutes I go' and cable to England_nt once that I am coming home. ;ONE.ON LLOYD GEORGE THIS is the way children some- times turn the tables on their elders. Lloyd George, after distributing prizes at a school, said he hoped tho children would have a good record when he should come again. There- upon they rose, and with one accord said: "Same 16 you, sir." That will rmean ord Cromer left the palace he vour dethronement." And hSd Inj his pocket the order he had ed from tho despotic Khedive. HELPING THE DOCTORS ADMIRAL DEWET, on being com-'S plimented on his superb health, j smiled and said: "I attribute my good' condition to plenty of exercise and no banquets. One-third of what we eat, you Know, enables us to .1 "In that said his friend, jest- ingly, "what becomes of the other said the admiral, "that en- ables the doctor to live." LORD MERSEY'S CAREER HAS BEEN A VERY EVENTFUL ONE' Spent Five Years on Liverpool Tremendous Fearless at Modem Women. S Winning the Emperor HE began her campaign by mak- ing friends with the Church orders. So tactful has she been that she has endeared herself even to the Emperor. Never thrusting herself forward unduly at court she so pleased the monarch that one day he created her Countess Hohenberu in her own right and decreed that she should tnlcc precedence immediately Archduchesses. Soon she took her place at the family feasts. The Kaiser invited her to accompany her husband on a visit to the court at Berlin. However, the German Kafserin plainly showed her that she did iiot intend to treat'her as the future Austrian Emperor's wife. After her return to Vienna the court circular announced that, at the court ball to take place the following evening, the Countess Ilohenborg, who had the right to the title of Highness, would be included "in .the court circle. This, announcement did not run caused a. sensation. Later, however, thing smoothly. Franz Ferdinand, who never regretted his choice, nnd as devoted, as ever to his' wife, de- manded that she should .have pre- cedence over nil the other ladles of the family at such functions... The. Emperor drew the line'there and flatly refused. The Crown Prince that in that case neither ho nor his wife would be present. Tho Emperor remonstrated, but .in .vain. Tho Hungarians declared licy would acknowledge the Countess as Queen .when her husband was crowned, tho constitution, six ,t ycara older than that the M tho Liberal .side ago comes more Austruuis, knows no morganatic quickly thnn dii1 the Unionist.. To be marrlaiw bar. The Arch-ducal par y In Sflco may bo but it has Planned tlmt she. must s udiously Us penalties lavoid the Cure 1'alucc nt Vienna, Sir Max Aitkcn. M.P. of Commons, have kept alive my in- terest in Sir Max. And, uy the way, when he first went to England the first person this meteoric Canadian wont to seo was his chonce.acquaint- ance the Miramichi. Kipling was delighted to renew friendship, nnd introduced him 1o many Influential people, among them the Right Hon. Arthur IJalfour and Bonar Law. It was through falter, of, Canadian like the crst- insurance purveyor entered the political Huts at Ashton-under-Lyne and won out." WILSON'S HUMAN SIDE I RECENTLY President Wilson was L. riding' along a country road near Washington, accompanied only by the secret service man who is de- tailed to see that no harm comes to him. They passed a small.boy "by tho Presently the President turned to his companion and said: "Did you GCC what that boy, "No, sir; what did he "Ho made a face at tho President, shaking h'ls head grovely. Tho secrot sarvjcs- man was ecl. The President waited a moment anil then hsUcci: 'Did yon seo What 1 did' t- 'No, sir said the President, with ft twinkle in his sjos I made right buck nl lilw' N many ways the life 01 Lord Mer- "ey, the famous judge who has presided with such wisdom and dignity at tho court of inquiry in- vestigating the loss of the Empress of Ireland, has been an eventful mie The son of a Liverpool merchant, he at first intended for a commer- cial life, niid spent five years "oh, the Liverpool Exchange. Then, to f quote his own words 'When I was twenty-six years. of age, I made up my mind to 'go. away and try my fortune elsewhere. But. the start -was far from encouraging. I came up to London with a letter of introduction to Mr. Charles Russell; afterwards Lord P.uasell, or KHlowen; who, when he read, it, .turned round and said, 'What on earth induced yoti to think of j to. the Bar9' "However, ho was good enough. to say immediately 'Come dine with m- to-night.' I went and_dincd with ,him, arid I can say; of him thai, his manners were rough, and although at times, perhaps, one wa- not pleased with what he aid, he was a good friend to me." I-'or a time, however, the future Lord plain Mr Big- ham not find mueti in tho law, and-lie has told- how: the first year he was at the B he made only seven guineas The second year, I think, I the third about and fourth about And Lhen1 he went'on to prosperity. Undoubtedly Lord Mersey's .suc- cess woe due not a little to hls.won- derful energy. -few lawyers, In- deed, have lived a more strenuous life. "I used to itart work at four o'clock in the ho ones said, "and go on till and then go to at or 10, where T worked until and then'after six I did nothing. Such was my program for twenty-seven years.' Apart; lowever, from his wonder-] fu legal knowledge, which has won' for him such a great reputation In; Divorce and Admiralty ot tho High Ccyrt, Lord known as one of the quickest' and; most fearless of judges. There, is a story told' of one occasion when Lord, Mersey, then one of the busiest ad- vocates in the Common Law waited twenty-live minutes for a certain among other things, for, his unpunctualtty. Having a second case to attendUo InV another court, Lord to see. how it was farms1, and wh.Ua' he was .Away tte ,unpunctualvjudgo made his appearance on the Bencn "I have; yon, Mr Bigham'" exclaimed _Jtho j judge impatlentiv, when the busy j counsel returned. i 'My was the bold reply, "I malted five times as long" i-i One of Lord Mersey tells about himself is that concerning an old ladj-'a'remaiks on Tub appointment to tho position of President of tho probate, Divorce, j .ind Admiralty Division. exclaimed the old lady. he go- ing to the Admiralty Division? How nice! I do t ust Tie mil sec that we shall have a strong Apparently his lordship, ItKe many other peoplo, viev3 with amazement tho progress of the modern woman, and during tho course of a speech which ho mado a shors ago, lie, ceased to bo what they have alities, people ,wrom we cannot igr- _i _i T.ioy have become wore and more front poor man V, at they Ing quite nlntf io doubt I kniw at all, and It I do on'eart ;