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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - February 19, 1917, Lethbridge, Alberta HEIR WORK �*?JW Criticism of Soldifrs'fWives Hurts Recruiting 9$ Per Cent. Living Wisely Say Social Workers Those Who are Giving Trouble Nox�'Were Mostly Offenders Before the War. TALK OF SUPERVISION Makes Men Afraid to Trust Their Wive)sand Families to Public Care. , By- GERTRUDE ALLISON. ASHORT time ago n. lady rid-trig down-town in her automobile (whether to a pink tea or matinee'we do not know) was horrified to sec'a' soldier's wife entering a picture show, and declared, as her husband contributed to the Patriotic Fund, her wrath was righteous. Of late .many of .the picture shows have been exhibiting war pictures, that a soldier's wife may not ;be ln-' terested and may not spend to look i^t thorp/ the .'money paid her, fdr ONLY giving, her husband to fight- .-perhapi 'die1-is a contention few would support. ' It. takes me back to- a' meeting I once attended of "charitable workers." � The case under discussion was that of a sick, man unable to work and his family. .The Church .'had given the wife an order for, two dollars' worth of groceries, and 'on that order she had actually purchased. half . a dozen oranges-most unnecessary expenditure. The'question before the house was the advisability' of further assisting the spendthrift. It was my first Intimation of the fact that the Lord allowed this lust-clous, thirst-queriohing fruit to grow on the-earth for a-favored few-not for sick men unable to work. "Sick of Soldiers' Wivei" JUST at present it wouM seem that the question disturbing those professing interest in social affairs is the extravagance of soldiers' wives. � At a board meeting of a social organization the other day I heard The ladl will now jiarado In one that Is almost identical to those of: the'Far Bast, except that they have -quite ra little style, and are . made of . better materials. Thl�'*hnt from ,J"'Rawak"- Is of - black satin with'a silk braid of white for the crown. 1 Its Went to church with a new hat on and the children were sent to' Sunday-school decently clad- the,curtains were.pulled back In not a few* houses in the street by the "peekers," till it was borne, in on many.; .that,' j once, havinsju, received uchsrl^,u-'4eee'rk;'toM�eBd�iie9'was a thorny path/'-- v.'.� s What Would You Do? TRUE, many of these wives of our brave-soldiers did overstep the wisdom line, and indulge in a little unnecessary luxury; but one was inclined to judge, leniently when one thought of the'foregoing hardships. Just ask'yourself' the question: What you would do if after months of next door to starvation, you suddenly received an assured Income? I believe 'I would' give a banquet, and invite all,-.those who had'dealt kindly during my,hard, times. It ,1s perfectly true,-that ^(rs. M. drank and squandered , her soldier husband's pay 'arto 'neglected his children, and that :the Juvenile Court had to co-'operaXeVwlth>"the. Government and Patriotic Fund, anil disburse the money and seeing that the children were properly .provided for. But Mrs..M. drahk and squandered her husband's pay! long- before the war-the only difference after enlistment was that being able'to assume control of pay ^during her hus-hand's absence, gave ... the Juvenile Court an added power-^a weapon which weilded much good, but was only used in extreme cases. It is also. J,rue .that some women spent the pay of. their soldier husbands foolishly in many ways, but these were usually^ found to be irresponsible women, � who had never acted very wisely -even when their husbands were at home.- It is true that a few women have been found to be living in immorality during their husband's absence-but they were no better when their husbands were with them. In short, there are Immoral, foolish, Inebriate women always-a* women, not merely as soldiers wives. Good and Bid Everywhere WE women wjth our husbands safe at our sides have had at all times before the war and since, cause to blush for our sex. Thai the women .who brought this stigma on soldiers wives' as a cIbsb, gave'their husbands (though the motive may not-haye, been conscious sacrifice), to, fight for US, has been to our benefit, let us hesitate to: Judge them over harshly, always j-emembor-ing that they.err as women; and the stigma rests, or) all the sex. "There are good ; women and bad women everywhere," said .the police officer, "from every walk in life wo get them. . There are ;carnost social workers, willing to ' spend : the last ounce of their energy'arid-: the last dollar of their, money, towards human uplift, and I'there ore persons only anxious of gaining-the footlights." - . ;-' -i � ,: '',�.-'{ ,' Juvenile Court, off leers, asked if there is much trouble In soldiers' families, .answered:' .'.'Most of the Boldiers' AwlveB on, our books to-day were on before, the'war." . 'What percentage would you say were acting unwisely: ip their husband's absence?" ..  V ,v 'Two per cent, would be a large overage." -,. y. ,.c - . �� 98 Per Cent. Living Wisely SO there are nirioty-qight; per cent, of our soldiers! wives nobly suffering agony of .suspense, .waiting, watching, praying; who /have �*ivn their all to -the country'*.enuso. -J Former Canadian Lady Is a Leader in New York War Work Mrs. Valentine Schuyler, a Very Prominent Nev> Yorker and Daughter of Judge Britton,ls Chairman of the Material Committee of the Vacation War Relief. By BEATRICE REDPATH. i � v,sit f"e Vacation War Re-I lief is to, gain idea of the enormous - amount that the American women are accomplishing in "It comforts one to see so much being done," said .Mrs.. Valentine Schuyler, who is chairman of the* Material Committee and who was kind enough to tell me something of the work that is being accomplished. Mrs. Schuyler, who is a very prominent New Yorker, is the ^daughter of Judge Britton of Toronto. . "The Vacation War Relief was formed to meet the war needs of 1914, when the Red Cross did not quite rise to the occasion," explained Mrs. Schuyler, "and some active women suggested forming a war relief of their own to co-operate with the American Fund for French Wounded." The Vacation War Relief Committee has the advantage of having the old Colony Club on Madison avenue, which has been given rent free for the purpose, and its extensive rooms afford ample space for the workers. "We are enjoying having such a splendid place," Mrs. Schuyler said as she took me through the great rooms where the packing was being; done by volunteer workers/-cases of blankets and flannels, condensed, milk and jams. "Last year we had men .packers,; but this year we are economizing, The call Is. for warm things "and bright colors," Mm' Schuyler said as-I noticed the gay-colored flannels, "the men arc tired of grey shades." ... Most of these cases are sent direct to France to the American Fund for French Wounded on the Champs Elysees, which distributes- them t6 the front.. They have distributed al-; together ten thousand bales during the year. Hundreds of thousands �f garments have been'sent across, besides drugs, surgical instruments;; convalescent foods, and all manner of hospital supplies. There was a room almost filled with women's; wrappers for the refugees, and also maternity kits, two bundles neatly tied together, one containing every possible necessity for tho mother, and the other for the child. Here, there were a great number of women working at machines. Use Electric Machinery �t>1-*HESE are the women who have 1 "lost'their positions through war conditions," Mrs. Schuyler, ex; plained .While she showed mo an electric cutting machine whlph W^i: in operation cutting out flannel shirts, cutting through as many as'l seventy-five thicknesses of flannel1 at a time. "We make the buttonholes by elec--ketsv and carved wooden,trays.. "Work done by the French, Polish, and Belgian refugees," Mrs.' Schuyler explained, "but those mats over there would be of more interest to Canadians, for they were,made by the blind soldiers at St. Dunstan's." There was a knittlng.mac.hine here Whore socks were being, made, and Mrs. Schuyler showed me the quantities of wool they had. "We sell it for $1.38, and anywhere else It would be two dollars. We hai^e sent, oyer a great many comforts'"to Miss Ar-noldi," Mrs. Schuyler continued, "she is doing such splendid work, always keeping In touch with the-movements of the troops." Extensive War Work, THE Vacation Avar Relief have also furnished a surgical motor flotilla, which is said to be one of the most important aids for caring for the wounded in the front line trencher It" cost about $12,000, and is composed of five small light motors adapted especially for rough and narrow/ roads. This comprises a laundry, an operating room, a drying van, a radloscopic apparatus and everything necessary for the immediate care of the wounded. '� Miss Anne Morgan is chairman of the War Relief Committee' and also treasurer of the Vacation Association. �' , "She is a wonder," Mrs. Schuyler exclaimed enthusiastically, "she works tn'defatlgably." : From the knowledge that Mrs. Soivuyiei; herself possesses of every detail of this tremendous organization it is' evident that she too has worked just as untiringly. Tho Vacation, with which Miss Morgan'^ name is so much associated, was started with the purpose of helping .working girls to have vacations-''No ono.enn work all the time," Mrs, Schuyler said with a kindness which appears to be one of her dominant [.'characteristics, "and this association has done some splendid work." A month after the war started the Vocation Association opened a free mployment bureau for those who hud lost their positions through war cottd^JJjjpsj', Worlyooms were opened! Countess Curzon ot Kedleston With Her Sons and Daughter ALTHOUGH tho marriage of Earl Curzon of Kedleston to Mrs. Alfred Dug-gan was celebrated in an exceptionally quiet manner, even for this era of quiet weddings, few more interesting ceremonies of the kind have taken place In the Archbishop of Canterbury's private chapel at Lambeth Palace. His Grace, who is a friend of Lord Curzon, offered him his historic chapei for his weddimg, but was, through illness, unable to officiate, and the service was conducted by the Archbishop of York. The bride, Mrs. Alfred Duggan. was the widow of Mr. Alfred Duggan, of Buenos Aires. She was preceded by her little daughter and. two handsome sons, seen In our photograph. Lady Curzon's brother, Mr. Monroe Hind, accompanied her. Lord Curzon's three daughters, hlB brother, the Hon. Francis Curzon, and his sister, Mrs. Hard-ress Waler, were also present. Lord Curzon is one of the five members of the War Council. LONDON WOMEN TO BE GARDENERS They are Going to Make the Backyards of Their City Into Vegetable Gardens. TO SELL THE SURPLUS They Will Have a Community Store-1-An Idea for Other Ontario Communities. , By KATHLEEN K. BOWKER. OWHAT lots and lots of people are, getting ready to garden this year! "Forward March" is naturally the ,motto of the' men. "Increased Production" must as surely be the War Cry of the Women. In London, Ont., the Women's Gardening Association has been working since October last so that they may be ready for work as soon as the wild March winds do blow the snow away. They have had meetings where those who are Already Gardeners have told1 their experiences, trials, and tribulations for the benefit of those who hope to dig pits -and escape falling into them. They have had encouragement, advice, and cheer from Professor Creelman, and a personal letter of approval from the Director-General of National Service. Tho first idea., of course, is to encourage the Backyard Garden, with the idea that each family will feed itself. But NO gardener (that I ever heard of) ever yet succeeded in getting a "ballanced ration" for his family out. of the backyard-and NO MODE. Nature is a lavish lady, and anyone who is constantly in touch with her soon becomes open-handed. The Amateur Gardener always has something to give away. Nowadays there are so many things' to give to that most of us feel that we must make a little extra, money before we can indulge our- where garments were made for the European hospitals. This has grown to enormous proportions guided by the executive ability of Miss Morgan. Their first annual report shows that over a thousand cases were sent across during the first year, and since then, of course, it lias increased proportionately. Miss Morgan was in France with Miss Elsie de Wolff when the Am-brine treatment was tried with such wonderful success. The Vacation War Relief Is vehemently for the allies and has undoubtedly done wonderful work.- On one of the pamphlets of the Vacation War Relief it wfis quite strange to see Dr. McCrae's "In Flanders Fields" printed on the cover. The Inst verse seemed to strike a peculiarly appropriate note on this day, whon Germany appeared to have dared to the uttermost tho last great neutral land: "Take up our quarrel with the foe, To,you from failing hands we throw The torch; be yours to hold it high. , If ye break faith with us who die We b'hall not. sleep though poppies grow Ill Flanders fields." selves In this pleasure to the full--unless we are going to stop paying our just debts, for the fun of being a "constant subscriber." Plenty of people are beginning to contemplnto "raising" something over and above the-Gift-surplus-and selling it. But until you try it you will never know how difficult -it is to regulate supply and demand over the garden gate. To sell to the shops hardly pays the Back-gardener for the time spent In picking. I know one shop that will pay thirty cents per dozen (and no more) for head lettuce when tho heads, are retailing at ten cents each. - The Community Store SO to encourage the habit of growing "extras" and to arrange for their disposal easily, the W.G.A. are starting a "Community Store." It is to do business on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays (these being "off" market days in London, Ont.), and here all members of the W.G.A. may send their surplus produce for sale, paying only a very small percentage for the privilege, just to help with the running expenses. Then, to insure that there is plenty of stock in the Community Store, the Association are preparing to cultivate four "Community Gardens," one in each of the Four quarters of the City- The District Representative of the Agricultural College, Guelph, has promised to give advice and a certain amount of expert supervision. Experienced amateur gardeners are promic.lug so many hours per week, - when they will work there and help those who have less practical knowledge. Except for the original, ploughing and preparation of the ground, it is piannerl to work the gardens entirely by voluntary labor. There arc unfortunates in flats, and other city dwellers who have no "Dry Goods" of their own, who can take tholr part in this way, and get lets of fun out of National Service. The Community Stor-ers are not setting out to under-sell anybody else, or even PRIMARILY to cut prices. They do not wish to be rivals-but co-workers of the splendid countrywomen who bring their goods to market. They only want to givo EVERYBODY a chance to help; so that tho small producers can supply tho Home Guard, and their families and friends, and givo the Big Growers and Real Market Gardeners a chance to ship In great quantities. If there Is sufficient production, then the price of produce will come down as naturally us the rain from Heaven. Only Superlative Goods BUT only superlative goods will bb sold at the Community Shop. No wilted radishes, or weary lettuces, or dried peas will ho available there! All' the members are deep in pamphlets, cataloges, and other loamy lore, such us "How to Tell tho Crow From the Cro^cus," and similar entrancing studies. They aro prepared to shoulder their spades, and to march forward to the tune of their inspiring National Anthem, "KEEP THE HOME FIELDS . EARNING!" just as soon as ever the Home Fields aro amenable, to discipline. . Wo owe our Dominion 'Experimental Farms to the vision and determination of the late Sir John Carl-ling. His Daughter, Miss Louise Carl-ir;g, is tho President of the .London Women's Gardening Association. '; it is duo to her foresight and enthusiasm, and to" the persistence, wjth which she has- harrowed Ourlfeel-, ings and plowed up our energies, and, planted her Ideas in-our hearts, that' the W. G: A. is-practising-prepared-ncss, and getting rapidly ready for Active Service. . , , ENCOURAGE THRIFT IN BIG MEETINGS A Farmer's Daughter Suggests This Method of Bringing Economy Into the Home. B.v A FARMER'S 'DAUGHTER. FOR weeks 1 have been watching the papers, eagerly picking- up every scrap of news that has any bearing on the. thrift campaign that has been mentioned from time to time. In the Woman's Department of Tho Toronto Daily Star. My interest, is involved for two reasons. First, I am the daughter of a farmer, and have spent the fifty-two years of my life on the farm on which I was born. There I was brought up In an atmosphere ot thrift, in a home in which the watchword was thrift. Second, all my relatives have gone to the city to live, and through repeated visits to them, I have been able to observe the great need for this campaign of thrift, which is to lie carried on by the women of the city of Toronto. Unfortunately, all my.relatives have been successful In making a good deal of money with very little trouble, or in getting into positions that insure them a good income. Mutt Start at Beginning WOMEN at large, will have to have the lesson set for them. They must be told what they may and what they ,mny not have, what they may do and what they may not do, much in the way a teacher-would set work for children in tho primary class. For women have to take told of the thing from the beginning. There have been too manv years or prosperity, too many years of mounting prices when the income would still provide the luxuries as well as the necessities. Tho time has come now whon, drilling hard at every step, the lesson of renunciation of the superfluities of life should be set by the leaders of the thrift campaign and mastered by every Canadian woman, from the lowest to the highest. If I were Madam, the Head Lady, I should put a vBto upon the hairdresser and the manicurist. "What! Take away their means of livelihood?" By no means. They could take the places of those two young men who waited upon me In' the departmental store selling me cotton and lard. That would allow those young men to get into the khaki. I should make it one of the most imperative rules that all women should go to the stores .and do their own ordering to allow the girls who now attend the phones to release, more young men. All women would have to carry home their own or send Tommy or Johnny around for them with the express wngon. Result, more men sot freiS to enjoy tho sensation of being khaki-clad. Eradicating Sad Habits TWO bad habits that I should set out to eradicate are the \laun-dry-sent-out habit and the woman-In-by-the-dny habit. I shouldl not give a hoot about what the wtmion said that their husbands said about them doing their own work, because the husbands only say it knowing' that they are expected to say it. Yes, a great many ladies would be forced (ugly word) into the enjoyment of a new sensation, that of doing their own washing and cleaning. The trained-nurse-on-any-provocation is another bad 'habit, while another that I have on irry ,ist 'a that of running downtown to lunch-just for a change, you know. . I should cut off the winter ice cream, the breakfast grape fruit, the mushrooms, the oysters, the cream, , the 60-eent new-laid eggs. The most famous stepmother \ In all fairy ohronicles would have nothing on me, as I got warmed up to the work of making n success of this thrift campaign. \ But, after all, it is none of my affair. As I. said in the beginning, I merely wondered, after a lifetime spent In the practice of the thrift habit, how the country at large is going to make a start at It and just what sort of grip it is going to get on' the'soul of/the nation. f Lady Rosemary Lev'eson-Gower T ADY ROSEMARY LEVESON-GOWER, who has been mentioned in despatches for service at the front with tho Red CroBs. close up to the firing line, is the daughter of MilU-cent Duchess of Sutherland, and the only sister of the-present duke. Ladv Rosemary is at present homo in England on leave for a well-eaj-ned rest. The Duke of Sutherland is'a-commander in the Rojal Naval Reserve, u'nd his brother, Loid Allstair Loves- ! on-Gower, who is in the Household, Cavalry, served In the 1914-15 opera-.tlbhsV was wounded, mentioned In despatches, and got the .Military '.Cross: ;' ' , . , ;