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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - February 10, 1917, Lethbridge, Alberta \SATURPAV, PEBRUArV 10,1017 ..... the lethbridge DArLir l^ERALD page se^'en THE BACON HOG INDUSTRY FULLY DISCUSSED SHOULD INCREASE THE WINTER EGG PRODUCTION THE BACON HOG AND BRITISH MARKET i(By John BriKht, Live Stock Commls->raloner itnd'H. 8. Arkell, J' AiAii�taiit GommlBlioner) Out ;(^y tjl>i^:y5xlattn|i;,tbnorinal war eonattlona thvre la'^fljling to Canada a challenye of In^de etpanBion. About the developntant of an exDort busl-n�sb In bacon centres one of the moat important Ikauea. ..The future of an induatrr worth over |25,000,000 annually must be aafeguarded and' extended, and u0on the immediate and upited i(^0rta of .all the coAtrolllne unlta employed in every department of that industry: ultimate success de-pend^. We are in danger of snatching at tho ant hill and missing the mountain. We have' taken advantage of the good prices that have ruled since the advent of the war-and rightly ao. But we have made no definite et-forta to pl^yide for the future. Unless acme determined policy of ex-panaion ia aqted upon at this oppor^ tune time; our swine induatry, which haiJ Already dwindled to dangei^us proportlbtea, mlay degenerate into nothliiiK better than a local trade. It is; iiihe.'.t(li:pull..up; unconsciously we hav6 been Blipping down hill at a tre-nieq^M rate. i^iithe last eatlmated census there werfej^on' Ju^e.36,' 1916, fewer hogs in CariMa than at any time in the past deci( le.' In fict,-since iBll there has beeft it liiarked decrease In every province i of the ,I>o|nlnion. During the paaiifiviSjreailit]^'''total number of hogs in^'iOi||'naifla>'has decreased by almost 'one^'imillon head' PaisMmiarly unfortunate is this om-inouE^ deC'reaae in the face of the rare opportunity that Is offered us to further iextiBitd our."Wiltshire side'-trad? with the British market, ;a iradta that for' the year' ending ' cecember 31,' 191G, We valued at approximately %l.hf 957,652. �^\v , Our Opportunity This opportunity that is ours is the outcome of the circumstance of war and win Jibt'repeat Itself. Commercial cohdltlpns of a few years back exist no jaqio, old-established trade pacts hBTe been disrupted and commercial relations of the past, hitherto seemingly substantial and proof egalnat c6mp>etition have, la many in-etanoes, been; completely obliterated. It iis these most significant features of the situation,.which create our op-porttinify, and as a consequence make definite the way before us. Countries that'Wefe in the bacon business at a ence^t tj^^.bacpn hijg have lQst.com merciat advantage, and countries that formerty;'�|d''tltelf grip*tlgHtDn the Britiah ma>''(�t are reduced to a com mon level with their youngest �om petitor. Whatever there may; have .bieen of prejudice in' the paat must b;e dbve-tailed i^to the suggestive facts of the present':knd the significant outlook of the future. Possibilities ,exist io-day, boirn ot the wprld's war upheaval, which place the bacon Indus try in an ahsolutely new situation, dlvoroinf >it from conditions formerly obtaining, and offering an open field, with Canada in a most favorable position to ieatablish wider ^trade connections, 'not only for the present, but, aa well, permanently, for the future. : ,i , ; thange In Situation The attuattpn in respect to the BritlaHbapoii market has changed, and, while Danish bacon may atlll be conafidered the standard for all bacoiis consumii^ in the British Isles, her former itnpregniable position In the Bi^tiaU niarket has been disrupted. The war has proved a great leveller. The Bfrlne industry of Denmark haa Bufferiid Very severely. Her killings have b^ii greatly reduced owing to lack of- feed aiipplies and the breeding ande bacon hog, Her ays-J tep* Ww'f^^eding,; the inherent char-I aete^'^f-^(jt'.fiwluo, do not permit of '�ft. Ai jtheiiame Ume, the enormous incfeue; in *>'|ier'trade muat not be overloSk�d.>' ^Whileahe may'not-pom-. pete'dJr'w'W'""* Produpt for �rpd ing It until theV enter the packing bouse for slaughter It means that all kinds, fat; thin and' prime alike, bring the same � price, Irrespective' of their, suitability for the'sbncon trade. 'Wblle Uiere are' ''dlapriminatlnf drover buyersj not>|tIi reaiiza the vo^I I'Vairy.'Poatttve presence ue of buying on'a .quality:'^aais. Ttie they should be made as fat aalppsal' ble as their chief value Is for lardi hut they are of very little u�e to the exporter. As a rule the weight limits oif the bacon hog are^ fixed at 160 td 300 pounds live weight. At tbp aame time, a hog may weigh allghtly inore than 200 pounds and still n^ak^ fa good Wiltshire, side. Most bpga^irfi however, liable to' be . too fat. a(^U�> We could depend on marketlnjs-tUat many. On the other hand. If w.P I rj)J duced and marketed the greatpr pfr^ of our hogs in'the fait of the year, the period of lowest prices In tlie-fHcitfsb; market, what would be the "piult? We would find a market just exaolly the size of the,trade for that jjieriods An oversupply .i.s created, w^,.,*h^e congested, the ;market and.Vilowar prices follow as a consequaaet/ 'Demand control^~'^aui)ply. . Suppl^:.4oiiJ^ not and cannot' regulate dema'i)d, ^> A 8tudy.,,of ..our. Canadian - mar^t Wlltahiro sides are'a perishable pro ductl They cannot be held over and must, therefore, be marketed when read^. On the other hand, during the montha of June* July and August when the British market is at its best, (he supply of Canadian hogs is at ita lowest. From Juno 1 to October 1 is the time th|'Canadian packer can make the best use of hogs. We can do much to remedy this aituatibn. While our conditions of feea dnd climate are such as to prevent ub from absolutely'guaranteeing ver the able to widen our fe.eding operations consid-erahljr. if we breed part of our sows earlier in the spring^and retard the fall bl'eeding, we will be,able to supply the packer with liogs at a time when .the market can make the best use flfc them and th,^,efore pay a better pflce; We caniiget away from the iijiprofitable late^fall market by iinaklJBig it non-exiatent.'at least in so ,-|araa a surplus, at that time of the yearrW concerned, To iibtain this i^gUlarity means that- more pigs would be littered in the ^'n'^'' roonths-January and February in particular. The objection to winter littering is that as a~ rule the per cent, mortality ainpng the young ia higher than that at any other period. � this altogether due to the weather? Better housing conditions and a little more attention jat birth �irill greatly remedy this evil. It may Co|t more in time and in feed to pro-duipe a winter-littered bacon hog, hut is it riot equally true that June, July, August and Septemhei' marketed hogs are on the average worth one to two CpntB per pound more than those that are 'late sprlng-llttered? Beai: in mind that the only sound and reasonable view which can be taken of the hog buslnessi is an estimate of the average^ pripe during the twelve months of the"year. , "There will"; always be periods of low and high prices but these periods are well deflpad. In so far d-b we are con-ewned,''they are -governed by the demand of the British market. Td market'pnly one lot of hogs per year and that' generally in the fall a^d ^y^nt6r months, means a falldre to secure the;average conditions.- throughout the "vyear,' The idea exists that, if we can'"realise ten and eleven cent's in a,�ve.rir htS'> market we caiiiiot be ex-pectpfl to be content iwi^b" a period-'Wheniwe must sell our bogs for a few center less. This idea can  only -be realized as we better adjust our production to lnB,ure more regular mar-kptlng throughout the year. The Choice ' .W;e''have the choice between two pollptea.. We can continue our old method pf "in hogs today, out^of^ hogs tomprrow"-'-a method that has been the'Qurae' of our bacon hog Industsy, :l{i|def|nite, without foundafcipn^i.' des-truotive to a permanent �f,^te of what c'pidi} well bo a powerful arm ofj.Oana-. 'fliaw aKTioulture; ^r"W3 J%an chpose jibe, better thing; can do what we 8ti0ed out to do'over a'decade ago;- NOP LIVE STOCK SOIL FERTILITy Good Management Essential to Successful Results  Farmers are being repeatedly urged to keep more live stock on their farms. Many reasons'- why they should do so arc given, chiefly that stock farming is profitable and that it will Increase the fertility of the soil. Certain points are often insufficiently emphasized in the discussion of this quealion. If stock farniing is to be profitable, the stock musfbe good fl.nality, and must he given proper and intelligent care. iScruh stoclc never did and never will yield the profit-al)le returns which are to be derived from pure bred or high grade stock. Those who are in the stock business, or who contemplate going into it, cannot afford to overlook this consideration. Canada has too much poor stock; what we need is more good stock. If the fertility of the soil on tlie stock farm is to be increased or even maintained, wise management in connection Iwith the rotation of crops, the care and use of the man.ure, and the tillage operation must accompany the keeping of the stock. Meat and the various dairy products cannot be made from nothing any more than can grain and hay, and,- if these are sold from the farm ,the fertility taken from the soli in their production must be restored. A test conducted on two Iowa farms, one a grain farm and the other a stock farm whoro p.iira-bred stook was kept Showed that the soil on the grain farm was more fertile than on the stock farm. This was largely due to the rotation followed and judicious management by the grain farmer. The live stock farmer, however, made $799 over the five per cent, interest on his investment, while the grain farmer lacked $380 of even making interest on his investment. It. must be remembered, also, that the stock farmer had a larger investment upon which to allow interest. These men were both good farmers and it was not poor management that led to the difference in profits. The man who made the greater profits could afford to invest a part of same in purchasing and applying to his soil what Is req.uired to maintain I'eirtility and still be ahead, or he could arrange his rotation in such a way that his soil would not become Impoverished. Good management must go wlU.*! the keeping of good stock If profits are to bo made and soil fertility maintained. THE BULLDOGS ARE COMINGl ANCH IDSON GtASGOW To PORTLAND. ME. POHTIANOtoGLASGOV/ ..J!, THE BULLDOGS ARE COMING! build, but this time with wisdom and aforethought, toward a permanent, profitable trade in a well-defined appreciative market, a trade in which all the contributory .units, will be in harmonious ,and proper relation one to the other. To this end, financial interests, farmers, packers and other contributory sources to a successful commercial venture must accept their proper share of the responsibility and stand tr.ue to their guns in. the days of natural depression as well as in days of natural prosperity. Only through the united efforts of capital, labor and their allied interests can this country hope to make a success of any worth while enterprise. The farmer cannot do this .thing alone, the packer, is helpless without the type of hog that the trade demands, the market does not properly exist for us if we cannot have all channels Smoothly operating together to provide unobstructed access to it. The chain is no stronger than its weakest link. Now Is the time to forge a chain that will not break in the time of testing-the days succeeding the declaration of peace. * Other units of Canadian commerce are today seriously considering policies of expansion. All t^e world over, men are realizing that prosperity after peace must be decided not alone on the battle front, but at home in the counting-house, the store and in the shop. Markets, markets, markets and larger markets is their slogan. Commercial Interests thro\igbout the world are now making plans and laying new fouhdations for a permanent extension of trade in profitable di^ rections. In Canada, In fact the world over, there exists a confidence in the future of the' live stock trade which has no parallel in history. Canada has now the opportunity 0$ placing herself In a very powerful place in the export bacon business, if a well considered and well defined co-operative policy ia adopted by all allied interests. It is not suggested that the production of hogs should be increased in a wholesale way. Booms are always followed by periods of depression. The most stable condition of affairs can ibie brought about by each farmer doing "his bit" to Increase production without involving himself in any great financial o.ut-lay. By a careful, study of the requirements _ of the trade and of the feed at his disposal, eiyjh individual 1 4an safely increasi and improve production, dlstvibute'his feeding opera-1 tions over a wider period, and thus eliminate extreme markets by creating steady ones. In a word, we, need a good crop of hogs each month of the year. It will be a misfortune if,.because of shortage of grain, all pig stock is sold off the farm this fall. Clover liay, turnips, mangels and skim-milk 'make reliable .winter f^ed for brood sows and even for young growing stock and may be trusted to bring them out iu good shape iln the spring. These,' with a little middlings, will pull the youngsters along in satisfactory stj'le and keep them growing. Breed at least one good typo of sow and, IC possible, save a youngster or two to breed .b^oi;e .Christmas or even in January. . Unfortunately, many farmers ai-e selling tlieir females. Most of them could better afford to stay Jn the business. We' have yet to meet the man'who doubts, the good prospects of next year's markets. If each farmer maintains even one or, at most, 1 two sows and manages these and their offspring pi-oporly, there can be built up In Canada a very important and remunerative industry, uot only yielding, a permanent profit to the farms but, as. well, materially assisting In preserving the commercial stability of/the Dominion. LOANS FOR LIVESTOCK THE CANADIAN BANK OF COMMERCE ia prepared to ] encourage the development of the Western liveatock industry by extending liberal credits to good {armers to purchase breeder "' and feeder livestoclf. ' FINISH THE FEEDERS IN CANADA KEEP THE HEIFERS AT HOME In 1915 about 45,000 head of feeder cattle were taken froni the Winnipeg stock yards for distribution among farmers in the . Northwestern States, representing a serious loss to Western'' Canadian farmers. _ ' We wish to assist in stopping this movement. Consult us before selling unfinished stock. If you must sell, let us try to find you a buyer at home and build up your,own district. Lethbridge Branch- R,T. Brymn^r, Mgr. In our past experience we find that many merPhanta, farmara, and well known bualneaa.men are abaolutely Ignorant aa ter thair own buslneaa affaire:- , If your creditors are worrying you. i ?i I / If your' affairs are not aa they should ba. Could you not afford (6%) 'Five per ctnt of your Income ta have matters properly adjuated, aatiafactory to yourasif and to your creditora? .Private correapohderice aollclted.and reapected. - ESTATES ADMI.NISTEFlEP, LIQUIPATOR. .OFFICIAU ASSIGNEE. British GEO. W. ROBINSON, Manager and Secretary PHONE 184S. CONYBEARE B1.0CK LETHBRlOGE, ALTA. Part of the N %-1,7 and part of the S. E. 20-6-30, W- 4th,-80.69, acres rith bottom land, one mile from Pincher Creek, all fenced,-large roomed house and out-buildings, 50 acres broken, clear title. Especially suitable for hog farming or market gardening. Price $2,fl00. Easy terms. N. W. Vi 20-8-25, W. 4th.-5 miles from Macleod. 80 acres aum-mer-fallow. House and barn. All fenced. Clear title. Price |3,200. Easy terms. S. E. % lG-8-2e, W. 4th.-7 miles from Macleod, 2 miles from school. 87 acres broken. All fenced, house and barn, dear tltl^. Price $2,750. Good torma'.-' S. E. 14 4-10-27, W. 4th.-85 acres broken. 10 acres summer-' fallow. All fenced. ;6 miles'from Nolan. Clear title. Price ?2,700.' Easy terms. �. N. E. 28-7-20, W.' 4th.~ll mHcs S.W. Macleod..All fenced, fair, buildings. Price ?1,650. Easy terms. % ,).0rG-26, Wi *tb.-^8 miles from Standoff. Fenced and cms* fenced. 310 acres broken.^ 160 acres ready tor crop. Pair buildings, clear title. Price $4,500.. Half cash, .balance arranged. Snap. B, % 36-9-27, W.'f'4th*-6\jnilcs from Gi-anum, 220 acres In. stubble, can'be cropped ."19X7. Fair buiUUngs, house, barn, granary, , etc. Fenced and cross fenced. Clear title. Price $0,000. SEND FOR OURvLISTS OF FARiM LANDS-FOR SALE. I :�, The Trusts & Guarantee Company, Limited CALGARY ALepflTA Rablic.Adrnlnlatrator'iahd Official A*8igneer^vr*M;�^^^^^^^^ ! for the Judicial Districts pf s^k'V LETHBRIDGE ^J^CLEOO CALGARY V/ETAiSKfy^f' Lethbridge office. Bank pf pommerce Bidg.-J, W.' McNlcel; 1m|i^ > 4t 43 ;