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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - February 10, 1915, Lethbridge, Alberta WEDNESDAY, FEMRUAItt' 10, 1915 THE I, E T UKRl I) 0 E DAILY II E II A L D PARE FIVE PRESIDENT MARNOCH RE-ELECTED HEAD OF THE BOARD OF TRADE KJIOM J-'ROMT I'ACJK The position of Uie (Jilii of LeUthridgc :is a Distributing been a sliurtagc of fnrni hilior. Thi for it large agricultural torritnry, great anas of which lend themselves to intensive culture mill to the production of live stock under 1'iivorable soil and climatic conditions, and by reason also of the position of the Oily in the midst of coal mining areas of grail dimensions; these have boun-tho warrant for our present civic development. Ml this development has been on Found lines as fur an value received I'or monies expended is concerned. 11 remains now lo justify ccrlain of these developments by Ihe extension nf the ureas under cultivation, ami by the application of better methods nf culture upon the areas opened up. .It will be in order now lo discuss such Practical Measures us have been taken in the fiirllienince of the objects described. An outstanding feature of-ihe present situation in the Loth' bridge district is Ihe increasing demand for irrigation facilities. This .-irises from Ihe di'inonstnilion over the long series of years since the establishment of Ihe Mary's liiccr Irrigation 'I'rujecl. of the prnJils derivable from agriculture carried out under irrigation, The cultivation of alfalfa, and other hay crops, especially when these arc fed to live stock, lias placed our irrigation farmers in n very prosperous condition. A small but striking illustration of this is the fact that while dry land cultivators have not been this year in very good shape, [he comparatively small community of irrigation farmers nciir the village of (Joaldalc. miles from Lethbridge, is now building a two-storey hall for entertainment purposes, with a dancing attriiction of the apparently higher from liilmr In cities; idthongii it i.s now being homo home to all of- us thai (he man who produces his oini food is in cnvinblu position. under conniderat-ion a plan fur bringing logHhor owners of irrigaled land alfalfa on Ihe one Jnmd, nbly lake cognizance of these mailers in granting credits to f- ri.-iers rnndiicling their 'jpeTafions upon (be sound lines indicated by tin- writings Ibereon. If is apposile here lu ipmte i' recent nllcram-c of .Mr. I1'. II. -Vcwell (if (be. Hoard the. lieclamn'.ioii Ht.'1-vice'of Ihe United Slates oi' America: "I'rugress depends on (he acquiring of e.vacl iu- i'oriiialion concerning the fundamentals of good farm- ing, and (hi: diffusing of ibis knowledge not only (he farmers but lo (lie men who assist in making ilia laws and I'linu'sliing llic money." A moVKiiiciil is on foot fur the establishment Fanners' t'luli- various localities. There floor of mapl There is not a mure contented body of farmers anywhere today than the irrigation farmers in the families 'nth fanning experience waul to get back to the Jjiml, wji Liip other, .Vjunc.s and pnriirularri are now lining collected, and it is hoped that it may be possible to nrningc for the .sale of sniitl) plols of such land at very reasonable prices. and on long extended I't-nns of payment, to people who would establish thrmselvcis on such holdings, nrcoi small and KMTLCC- abk1 buildings, and nniki: themselves homes on the land. There art; indications that the Department of Agriculture i of the have under advisement llu- est'ib-J lislmienl of IJemonstraiion .Fields farmers' own land1 throughout the agricultural dislrici.-. The chiirgu i? laid by! the farmers that Ihe work done at Ihe .Dominion Farms and upon the Deiiioiutralinii Farm.- established by tin' Provincial Government is largely academic in its result. Tlicx say, ami it must be adnjilled with a i-erlain degree of that these farms are provided wilh iinliinilL-d labor and appli- ances. 'iV'bfit is required is Ibal. small nionsiration should be cultivated by farmers upon their hind and under; practical cvery-day ccnnlitions. There is no doubt that very; i'.nd living conditions aritund them, and il. has been suggested iliiit club'; be made (be means of informing friends at a t'i-laiice v.-ilh regard to llic agricultural opportunities of these I'arMViiijir localities with a view (o having the lands: around Ibcni more chiscly settled up. In the matters of tliurt Ayrictfftiirat imdcr tin- Department of Agriculture of the. provincial (lOvcniiiiLMil. mid tin1 acquirement of Main under llic pbm estiihlishcil hy the Department of Agriculture of the 1 :i Certain lias been ob.-f'i'vabh.1 in the localities aruum! For in-Uanee., no application was made in nl' J-'M) lo the Provincial llm-eninieui fur the holding I coiimrv all H' ('nurse Schools anywhere in tin- district. This is ree-j-eNjiljje. und il will no doubt be riviilied in Ihe coming year, .ibi- district inn- communities are alive lo the benefits to from availing IhemseHes of llic pure-bred male animals bushels indcr certain conditions In tiie Department of Agrioul- us tigures less than those which arc being expended in tho United .States for the mere attainment (if irrigation water leaving out of account- the value of (he land itself altogether. lint the pulicy now iniiuguriilcd by the Caiiadiiyi Pacific Hnilway Company, whereby tho lands are snld only to men 11 re lo live on the land and cultivate their .farms, will undoubtedly lead io the early settlement of these lands by Iliril'tv iimi industrious families, particularly under the long- exleiided terms of piivinenls spread over twenty years, with iiiloresi in li% tin the deferred [.nymenls upon which these lands can be acquired. The ('oinpanv has prepared a number of ''Hcady-Miiile equipped with homes und suitable hirm buildings, and furthermore developed as lo a large part established alfalfa fields: so that a family him! and be assured of a reasonable revenue from the commencement of their nptratimis. Yet further, the indin-eiiieiil is oUVre.d 10.these purchasers of an advance of I'm- ihe purchase of live stock. These Ready-Made Fnrins are rapidlv being occupied. Ditv to condition-! of agriculture under dry land culti- Miiiou. ihcsc nut bv any means uniform in .1914. The growing season opened wiih considerable promise, but unfor- tunately onlv comparatively light rains fell in the. enrlitr part ni' the growing season, while during July, a wide swath of through the southern of Alberta and Sas- ,-as anVrted by drouth. Nevertheless, on lands in that were carefully summer-fnllowcd. crops ranging ill it' llioir applications are aVdrahle results 1 slock. bcm-lichil results would accrue front the establishment nf i Demonstration Fields provided that, the farmers who ID carry out the work would heartilv co-operate li-nosun ID i.-arrv out [lie worn would Heartilv co-opcrale will] They are selling llic best grades ol heir alfalta for u, The inicn- tou baled and on cars; they have plenty ol. teed for t.icir js establish (hose such MOM linns that siuck; and their alfalfa hind is improving both in quality lhe ..vould be readilv observable bv nil the. farmers in a in texture all (lie time. Their business returns them sure proiiis, noi one with another, but every year. njiiLicATiovs LIVE STOCK Ot-'AnAKTOlIS. The matter of helping farmers who are not well placed A considerable hiatus lies belween the Agrii.-ulhiral Dc- fimiiiciady (o acquire live stock engaged the iillenlion of the'raiments of ilie varimts Governments and the fanner, whom llural Delations Committee of this Board very curly in lire designed to benrfil. It may be said Ibal a farmer I year 1014, and considerable help in designing'and rcguhiling I'M to lake stejis lu place-Ins name on the mailing litts of a plnn which adopted was given to us by -Jlr. J. ,S. Dennis, departments in order lo be supplied wilh all the avail- Assistant io the I'rrai'lenl, of the Canadian Pacific, liililway current literal lire regarding- the subjects m which Company, by Dr. .7. C. Rutherford, (.'.M.G., of the Agricultural "c interested. Granted. But if is suggested Unit a greater and Aninini Hiisbnmlrv Brunch of Mint Company's Natural i day to d.-iy or week lo week publicity should be secured for Kesourec-E Department, 'and by Mr. L. Newman of Great .Falls. I matters as may currently be brought lo fiinmn-f' attention. Tho plnn as finally evolved, was that sonic sixty of our citizens [Suggestions have been made from of Trade that the pledged their personal credit to the extent of SI50 each, thus providing a credit of some to stand against any irrecover- able loss that might arise. The Canadian Bunk of Commerce, whose General Superintendent of Branches, 5fr. Brown, also- us considerable in starting this organization, undertook the financing of the movement. Four trustees, Messrs. A. P.. Stafford, Oliver, A. JI. and G. R. Jlaruocli, ivere appointed to manage the business. and cows anil calves have now been distributed -through the district to farmers whom the trustees satisfied themselves were, men of charocler and industry, and who had the necessary experience, as us having adequate feed and shelter, to take care oE the animals. Upon a farmer's application being favorably considered, he makes his own arrangements as to the purchase of the animals, counsels with uie trustees before concluding his-bargain, then signs a lieu note over the animals and their natural iuerease: this lieu jiote is supported by promissory notes covering the periods at which ho promises ti make Applicat.ion.s- involving a .sum up to repayable in terms spread over two years are entertained. .sum equal to 5% upon the cost price of the animals is addei tc the amount of the lien note, and hy this means a reserv fund is being created to take care of any irrecoverable loss tha may arise. Thie plan mis ready to put in operation in the early siunmer, but applications did iiot begin to come in unti the fall, hy which time it was apparent that the green feet made available by the late rains would provide excellent fodder OLD HIVEU OR LETHBRIDGE XORTHERX IltniOATIOJ" THQJEOT The officers of the Irrigation Branch of The Departmen of Tha Interior of The Federal Government have, for sonn 3'earB, been engaged in surveying the country immediately to Ihe north of Lethbridgo with the object of demonstrating tin feasibility of the application of irrigation water to that area A survey has heen completed Vhich indicates that same one hundred thousand acres of laud in that district can be suppliet irilh irrigation from the waters of the Old Jfan Hiver, at an approximate capital cost of per acre. A series of meet ings has heen held in the fanning communities likely to be served by these waters, and considerable help has been le. by the Lethbridge Board of Trade, and by several irrigation farmers from the district east and south of Lethbridge, i describing to the men in the proposed irrigation district the advantages that irrigation offers. Mr. S. S. Dunham, chair- man of the Hnral Relations Committee, uud now Second Yice- 1'residcnt of the United Farmers of Alberta, has had no diffi- culty in demonstrating to the satisfaction of these fanners that, while their land, devoted to grain raising under dry farming methods has a value, capitalized on an 8% per cent, interesl basis of per acre, its value so capitalized under irrigation and planted to alfalfa, would be per acre, a ditferencL of per acre in fsvor of irrigation, after allowing for an expenditure of for planting and esUblishing the alfalfa. Most of the farmers are, of corirse, quite cognizant'of these advantages, as many of them had been farming in irrigation districts previous Lo coming to this country. These farmers have petitioned the Federal Government to have that work gone on with without delay, and the Mayor and Commissioners, and this Board of Trade, are doing everything in their power to help them to attain .their object. WELL WA1EK SUWMKS. Many of (he farmers in this district are far from being oft in the matter of well water supplies. In endeavoring to locate well waters for f.irm and domestic use, they have had no guidance whatever except haphazard methods. At the in- stance of this Board of Trade, the Department of Mines has detailed, an officer lo look into this important feature of agri- cultural life, and he has Been assisted by us in the collection of data regarding the borings.that have been made not only for water, but in connection with coal mining operations. ?Iis endeavor mil be to co-relate the facts thus ascertained, and from these and from a geological survey of these regions, to formulate plans whereby farmers may' be assisted by this scientific knowledge in. loon ting supplies of woll waler. Jt is evident; of course, that the means at the command of one officer will not he sufficient to cope with this large subject, and we are hopeful that a Branch of the Geological Survey may be instituted to deal adequately with this matter. HACK 10 THE LAND. 1'rovincial Government should issue from Hine. to time Bulletins upon the important r-nrrcnt features of agriculture that should be claiming the. farmers" attention. The idea, roughly, is that these facts should lie displayed on a placard which would find a place in n suitable frame (o be. hung up in public places frequented by ihe farmer, such as school houses, post offices, banks, livery barns, etc., The phic-.ird would be tnfccii from thy -frame and replaced by another as occasion required. Another ivbich has heen made is that the Pro- uncial Government should take steps to institute a l''finncrx' Pays, .say once a ireek, in the daily papers, and, in ibe weeklv papers, throughout the province. Details in coniicclion wilb the. proposed plan would have to be worked out, but sugges- tion is that something in the nature of. u stereo-page ihar could i he Federal Government, and v ciilertained Ihcre is no doubt that rilv be shown in tin1 iinproveinenf of liv I'liT.vro It has been salisfaclonly by a large number "iir fanni-r- Unit J'olaloiv of icry line quality can be prn- I'u'cd in the l.ethbridgc district, and that large can Tin- Lfllilindfji'- Kali! i'niii I'filulfi. of which dyer n thousand fp'c -ample.- last -pi-iiiLr distributed from (be Dominion K.xpcrimcnial Farm ill l-elhbridge. has shown that Mr. W. II. I'iiirlidd's demonstrations of Ihe yields obtainable -from variety further justify the results of his choice of this as th polalii par excellence for (bis district. fircatoi- attention nitiiht profitably he direr-led lo 111 wing ibis impnrlaut food. It our fanners would the growing of Gfild ami give strict attention to harvesting, grading, sacking nd marketing, there can be no duubt that profitable results MinKMTHIX rricnliural conditions upon irrigated lands in this 'hVlricl were Ibis year very favorable for die production of hay crop.--. A large (oniuigc ut alfalfa has been grown, mid wliilo a gn-al anmunt is being fed [n live-sioek. a considerable quantity