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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - February 1, 1917, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME X. LETHBRIDGE. ALBERTA, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1917 NUMBER 44 A T BREAKING ALLIED SMALL CRUISERS British Admiralty to Combat the Ruthless Sub. Warfare ivith a Fleet of 4,000 Small Bom Atlantic Shipping Panic New'York, Feb. 1.^-The effect of Germany's declaralion ol' llic sea bl(ickade of (lie enlento nations, lo be enforced "witli every available weapon and without further nolicc," was felt today in every port on the Atlantic coast. Owners anjl agents of ships Hying neutral flags were in doubt as to their laiturc course of action, and itjis believed that most oi' them'will keep their sliii)s in port until instructions are received from their governments. In the otliccs of British and Fiench lines, it was said tliat there would be no interruption in the sailing from United States ports of ships carrying the flags of the entente allies. To meet just such an emergency as this tiic British government lias assembled, it was said, a large fleet of snlall fast cruisers to be used as "submarine chasers." The vessels, said to number 4000, will be available to keep the,sea lanes clear Qf raiders and Bubniarihes, and act as convoys. Shipping jnen jrointed out that the most obvious effect of the Gcrpian declaration would be" a reduction in tonnage which freight ships of European neutral lines could carry on account of the increased space which Avould have to be sacriticcd to carry coal and provisions foi' a: continuous voyage from United States ports to neutral ports. Hithcrto'neu-tral ships have relied largely upon British ports to renew their supplies. U.S. Press Almost Severance Diplomatic new york world: ''There can 1)g only one answer on tlic part oI the United SUvigs to the now Gorman siibinaiine proclamation, and that answer iiliould be made today. Tlie German amoas.sador must receive his pa.ssport.'i forthwitli and/ diplomatic relations must cease at once, Tliero should he no procrastination until the hand of the United States government is forced by premeditatetl murder and dopredation." M^or Asks Speedy Action of Hoii. Crothers in Strike .Though the Kaiser's latest threat and the posdWHty of ,lpio United States being drawn ijito the war occupies the .centre of Interest today, tlie Vcpa}vs)trlke eitusiUcin locally is too seripui ,to bo overlooked, and all eyes are turned'iitoward Cilgary where Hon. T,: W, Crothers, minister o� la-l�r.-,arrivted- tllfeymorning oh his mis-Bion to:settle the strike. . Everything depends �jn;wliat,;actlon Mr. Crothers is pTeparfeS io^take. ~   Thffrc�#t:vf�i|4^^ grows wor8iB;eacU#3fty;^as individual stocks of fuel are'used. The thermometer is- still ranging round 40 below, and double the ordinary supply of coal is necessary to keep warm. Q,uite a juimber of cases where fuel Is neeedd immediately are being reported to the police and' also to the mayor's office. The mayor is doing everything he can to help out, and most of the urgent cases have already been attended to. \ Mayor Hardie impressed on Hon. J'Qr. Crothers tlie jejipusness of; the s/tuation -tiifs mornfngr- by'-dlsfiatch ;ing tlie following; wire-to tho minister at Calgary: . i "CousidelraWe s.uffei'ltig here and rapidly on the Increase due to' lack of fuel. Poor people, especially soldiers' wives, were too poor to stock up before the strike, and others were fooled Into believing that the government would prevent a strike. Please hurrj' relief by getting- the miners back to work." -O OF m BREAKS ON THE Cliicago,' Feb. 1.-The wheat market broke at the extreme 15 %c at the opening this morning under the influence of the German submarine note. C^rn, oats and provisions also sl,ump-el^ severely. Trading pits on the board of trade and the crowded customers' rooms of tlie brokerage houses were scenes of great- excitement. U. S:' Steel broke twelve points at the opening. ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? � ? ? ? '> ' BANK CLEARINGS ? > ? ? ? : ? t'our Buildings Burned With Loss of $35,000-Well Cov-, ered By Insurance ( to tho Hei-ula) Vulcan, Feb. 1.-V.ul'can suffered the most disastrous fire in its liis-tory this morning, when four buildings on the main street of tlie town were burned down, and for a time the entire sttpRl was threatened with destruction. The volunteer firemen, aided by the citizens, battled for several liours witli the bl^ze, but were greatly handicapped through the fact tliat the two- chemical engines froze up and difficulty was. eflco.�ttteTedJn securing water. The buildings burned were Irvings, Ltd., furniture^ and harness, E. W. Clarke's meat market. Goo Jacf)ues' confectionaj'y store and Irvings' warehouse. Tho total loss is between $35,000 and $40,000. Well covered by insurance. Several people were occupying the apartments above the furniture store | as living quarters, and these barely i Escaped with their lives when the tire started at 5.30 this morning. They fled into 45 below nero weather in their niglUcIothes. Tlie bitter cold! made it almost impossible to combat I the flames and for a time they had ' new YORK TIMES: "Will the government and the people of the United States put up with this German order forbidding to them the open pathways of the seas? They will not; they cannot. It aims lo destroy billions of our trade,' b.v far the, greater part of our commerce; it commands us to obey rules and rc.sjulations which no sovereign nation can permit another lo im-pone." new york herald: "Doubtless the idea of the Berlin goveriment is that it can 'bluff' an American president into a disgraceful surrender. The Berlin government may be mistaken." NEW YORK TRIBUNE: "We have submitted to outrage long enough. Peace v,'i[h Germany would be purchased at too dear a price if it is to bo purchased by compliance with the Kaiser's latest insulting instructions to us as to Iiow we shall conduct our commerce with the entente nations." WASHINGTON POST: "It is impossible for this government to tolerate the new rule which Germany seeks to impose." BOSTON post: "We believe this sudden change of policy to be a monumental blunder on Germany's part, a needless and gratuitous message suggesting a state ot desperation ihat she ought not to be willing to reveal to the world and to her enemies.; The fuse is near the diplomatic magarine, and it is lighted." NEW YORKER HEROLD (German): "What basia:.can our govern-inent_ ha,ye_ for taking serious.. rbeasuVeB against Germany? The EngUsh close r^MBe ,v part of the ocean., TiieGenUans close'others. ' There is no difference. CLEVELAND PLAINDEALER: "Germany challenges civilization. The Unitgd States, speaking as the most powerful of neutrals on behalf of civilization, cannot afford to ignore the cliallenge." DULUTH (Minn.) HERALD: "The United States cannot more recognize the proposed submarine blockade now than It could in February of 1915. It is'no loss lawless now than it was then. It , opens,the way freely to a series of Lusltania outrages. providence journal: "The world knows at last what Gernrany really means whon she speaks ot the freedom of the seas. This brutal, insolent pronouncement is only- added proof that the besotted and blood-soaked policy of Prussia does not change. Here is German militarism in its final ilower. the avowed intention lo terrorize and murder, to repeat tlu; Belgian infamy, U\e horror of tho Lusitania, the whole gamut of crimes against civilization." GERMANY ASE U-BOATS American Nation Fully Expects Wilson to Give Bernstorff His Passports-This is the Only Answer to Hun Insults Washington, Feb. 1.-Following the conference between Pre-sidcnl \S'il.soii and Secretary Lansing, the opinion became gen-ci-ally pfevaleiit in olliciol cpiarters that a break in diplomatic relations witli Germany seemed inevitable. Although it was llioiiglit proliable tJuit an uUiniatum or warning to the Berliiii government might pi-ecedc action. Tlie view was taken widely in olTicial quarters that the United States could not let the situation stand unchallenged. Lignite and Steam Coal "Miners May Separate As Result of Present, Crisis Pn morning iwci w.^. ^.v...,...^ ......._________________________ and (he government had already begun to formulate definite slep.s. It was regarded as not impossible that action of some kind had already been taken, but there was no indication of its nature. There also were indications that no announcement of the course of the government would be made uiitil certain.steps had been taken through the navy department and the treasui*y^ for safeguarding United States ports and other interests. It was disclosed that President Wilson and Secretary Lansing had a conference last night, although-it was then denied they had conierretl at all. It was indicated today that before the course of the United Slates was made public there were certain necessary stepsvto be taken. NEW YORK PORT SEALED FOR A NIGHT New York, Feb. 1.-^No shipping of any kind-was permitted to leave the port of New York Wednesday night. The harbor, wtis closed by Dudley Field Malone, collector of Jhe port, w*Ilo Will the present crisis in this coal field precipitate a split in the district which will result in the formation of|--------------^ . . _ _ two districts, one tor the steam coal | has full authority to act upon liis own initiative in case of ciner field of the Crows Nest Pass and one | gency tor the lignite field at Lethbridge and Taber, possihly Including Drumheller and the doinesti.......................... -38 ; Forecast: Fair and extremely cold. not yet ripe, but -today tiie . moment has come when, with the greatest Fredoricton, N.B, Feb. 1: - Hon-. prospect of success, we can undertake poorgx; Clark has resigned as Prem-that enterprise. We, must therefore, . not wait any longer. "Where has there been any change in the situation'/" the cljancellor asked. "In the llrst place, the most jin-porlnnt fact of all is that the number of our submarines has been very considerably increased as compared with last spring. Aud thereby a firm basis lor success has been established. The second co-decisiv/> reason is the bail cereal harvest of tho world. This fact already confronts England, Prance aud Italy with serious difficulties which by means of unrestricted U-boat war ill-health prevents him from continuing as leader "of the present administration. The Lleut,-Governor has" called upon Hon. James A.- Murray, illinisler oi' Agriculture, to form a new cabinet. Hon. Mr. Clark, it is understood, will succeed Hon.Joslah Wood^ae governor of New Brunswick, tho latter's term expiring in March. HUN SHIP SCUTTLCD Charleston, S, C Fob. i;---Tiie G^r-ihan freighter Llebenfols, of ttie Han-sa line, tied ,up bere since tile begin-will be brought to a'iJoint of unbear- nlng of tho war, began slnKing at 9 ableness. The coal question, too, is: o'clock , this morning and .marine a vital question \in war. Already it; men believed she had been scuttled. is critical, as you Unow,' in Italy aud France. Our submarines'will make it still* more critical." This belief seemed to be borne out by til fact tliat the captain declined the aid of tugs. O Must Act Now V/oshlngton, Feb. 1. - .Senator Hitchcock, Democratic member otr the senate foreign relfLtlons commit tee, was at the White House early to-da>, but.said he did not'is iaa B'lDmarine question. Q Passports for ' Count Von Bern* storff, orders for the recall of Ambassador Gerard, solemn -warning .to Berlin that a breach of her pledges ; means the severance ot diplomatic relations or-tense waiting, for any overt act which would sweep aside diplomacy and bring the United States go^ answer .a queptIottv5aB:':to:whether'f�ny. J notion had been ,taken;,, ,^H,;:;fr.^^ -jy The new crisis,'; �Jhowayer.bflnit* | "ne^v^''dange^s to tho%yerj lihorps ;