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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - August 31, 1917, Lethbridge, Alberta WOMENorOT WORLD-THEIR WCPK^sPLAi' CZARINA'S GEMS HIDDEN IN GERMANY Wife of Former Russian Ruler Sent One Hundred Millions to Kaiserlarid. PRICELESS GEMS GONE Winter Palace Was Rifled by Officials Before the Crash Came. THE Russian royal Jewels, including the gems that incrusted the Imperial Uomanoff crown, are sato from tho democratic hands of the new rulers in Petrograd. With a woman's intuitive knowledge of troubles ahead, tho former Czarina had them tucked away in a safe deposit vault in her ancestral city of Darmmstadt, German;, right at the beginning of the war. And there they will remain until Mr. and Mrs. Romanoff claim them again. The story of the Russian royal jewels is published In the Chronicle, the dollar-a-copy magazine sponsored by New York society folk. The Chronicle article, which is entitled "A Woman Caused the War, states that the former Czarina was largely responsible for the war, In that she assured her German friends and relatives that Russia would not be s formidable antagonist. She proceeded to prove this anti-bellum prediction by pro-Gentian intrigue which ended with the revolution and the overthrow of the Romanoff dynasty. But tho former Czarina, who before her marriage was Princess Alexandra Alice of Hesse, had no illusions about Germany. Accordingly, she packed up the family Jewels In the summer of 1914, when she saw the international war clouds nppear, and sent them in charge of trusted messengers to her brother, the Grand Duke of Hesse, for safe-keeping till peace was restored. The royal emit-, saries traveled by thn way of Finland, and Sweden. They reached their destination before the mobilization of the Russian army was complete. Tlij- tale of the Czarina's German forehandedness In the maUer of saving the family gems Is said to have been revealed to a New York society woman by members of the Russian Commission who visited New York city recently. The Now York woman had h^r c"''j peeled "for bargains in royal jjv.elry and approached members of the commission on the subject of purchasing a string of rare pearls which she had seen the former Czarina wear at a fashionable Kuropean resort some years ago. She was told that she would have to talk to Mrs. Ko-manoff or her brother, the Grand Duke of Hesse. Ivan Narodny, of 61 Broadway, New York, Russian business man and writer, corroborated the article in the Chronicle. Mr. Narodny said It was impossible to place an exact value on the royal jewels,' but estimated that they ought to bring close to $100,000,000 in the market. He said they were of far greater intrinsic value than the historic jewels deposited in the Kremlin, which are safe. "Examination or the famous paintings hung on the walU of the Hermitage and the Winter Palace revealed that many priceless canvases have been removed and replaced with chtap copies. Nobody knows what became of" the originals. Theso discoveries so aroused the provisional Government that an investigation is now under way to see how many of Russia's art treasures have been stolen. The museums of Moscow and Petrograd contain wonderful collections of precious stones, including the finest collections of rubles and emeralds In existence. Some time ago I received a letter from a Government official asking me to recommend an American export to assist in the examination." Brave Women of Russia's Heroic "Legion of Deaih" TtrjiE. !:� , ;'IIK.\REV, leader of the "Legion of Death," at left, tho Russian women who fought In the places of the men who had revolted, and drove the Germans back on the eastern front. According to tho German version of tlu- effectiveness of the women fighters, the Teutons would much rather cngnge tho ' men in battle. The women, driven to fury by the many wrong." committed by the Germans, had no' sympathy and fought furiously. Mmc. Botchkarev is shown wearing several medals which were awarded her for the great vahpr she, displayed. The wonderful story of the deeds of this legion has thrilled the world, and made history. Every girl in the battalion carries a dose of cyanide of potassium to use in event of her capture. They do not fear death, but they dread capture. The second photograph shows recruits being taught how to handle their rifles in any position. Here they are shown in skirmish formation, Just as they would he when advancing against the Germans. They are being instructed by drill masters from the Guards. The third photograph shows tho "troopers" In the ordinary uniforms of the Russian soldiers, with their hair cropped close. It is hard to tell they are women. FOLKS WE MEET AT SUMMER RESORTS The Old Gentleman of 87 Who Keeps Perennially Young. RELIGICUS CRITICS VENICE, JEWEL OF ITALY, IS HIT HARD BY WAR It Has Suffered More From Foe'� Aerial Bombardments Than Any Other Italian Port-St. Mark's Cathedral, in Its Protected Form, Looks Like a Huge Granary. V The Mother With Two Daughters Who Regards the War as a Bore. British Women Nervous But Cool Thro* Air Raid Went On "Wish Fheir Shopping and Girls Went On Working- Some Rushed to Roofs to Get a Better View of Battle in the Sky. T THE SMILE OF RHEIMS. By FLORENCES EARLE COATES. *JTHK Smile," they called her,-"La Sourire"; and fair- A sculptured angel on the northern door OC the Cathedral'* west facade-she wore Through the long centuries of toil and care That smile, mysteriously wrought and rare, Ah if she saw brave visions ever- more- Kings, and an armored Maid who lilies bore, hnd all the glorle� that had once been there, How like to theo, her undefeated Land! Wounded by bunting shells, a little space Broken she lay beneath her ancient portal; But lifted from the earth with trembling hand, Victorious, still glowed upon her face Thy smile, herolo France, love-given f and iBisrj^l^^s By FLORINDA, Orpington, Kent, Eng., July T. IITS morning, while shopping? with Mrs. 1-Iadley Williams of London, Ont., in a South-eastern London suburb, we were interested in noting a small silver aeroplane unusually high up. Upon calling my companion's attention to it, sho remarked: "I always feci a little uneasy when I see a machine so high up (in this quarter of the world we see dozens daily), and it looks Just a little bit unfamiliar." Suddenly from every direction appeared special constables, distinguishable by their blue and white arm tabs. Then we knew there was a raid on and we were in the midst of It. For at that moment the noisy whirr of many machines was heard, and upon looking in tho direction from whence the sound came, we could faintly descry In the mist-enveloped sky a squadron of what looked like gleaming silver birds, In perfect formation, and flying at great speed directly towards us. How did it feel? I can remembor drawing a quick breath or two and that my hands shook so my purse chain rattled. I glanced quickly at Mrs. Williams to discover how she was bearing herself In time of distress, and saw that she was disturbed '.o about the same extent I was. I tersely asked her if she wanted to go on with he - shopping or take an immediate train back to Orpington, and she promptly replied: "1 think we shnli go quietly on with our shopping." To which I willingly agreed. A Mixed Crowd-and Calm w w j HAT struck us both was the outward calm of a very mixed crowd, mostly women. The machines by this time were directly over our hoods, and I took time to remark to Mrs. Williams: "If a bomb drops now, you know where it will light-in the midst of this crowd-and it is sheer �nadness for them to stand here." Maying which we entered tho store, and finding tho manager, begged him, for the sako of tho thoughtless girls and women who were under his care, and who were so foolishly exposing themselves to unnecessary danger, to assert his authority and tell thorn to come in. Just at that moment thero was a whirr in the air, followed by a deafening crash, and their speed in obeying the manager's request was greatly accelerated by the incident. Crash succeeded crash, but, listening Intently, it did not seem to me they were coming any nearer, so wo ventured to the door just in tlmo to see a second squadron-which wo afterwards learned was British- was deafening, and the cry went up that an enemy plane was toppling down. All one could see was fleecy little clouds caused by the exploding shrapnel, accompanied by the whirr of tho engines and the "pom pom" of tbs giins. The excitement was intense and we watched them breathlessly until they became imlistln- j guishable objects "Matchlessly Cool" 11 AT then interested us both was tho manner in which the | s-' "�>" By K. KINGSMILL MORGAN. ONE gets a tremendous chance to study human nature at the average summer resort. Hero all classe3 congregate-I mean all classes of temperaments. They seem to be in infinitely greater varieties than anywhere else on earth. There is tho kind elderly person of pronounced domestic trend who thoroughly exemplifies the underlying meaning of the Brotherhood of Man. Sho Is always looking for someone to administer to. In her room you will find a young drug shop and she Is ready arid willing to run to a sick bed at any hour of the day or night. Amongst the varying types perhaps the most pronounced is the dear old man who insists upon remaining young. His American Beauty rose socks and tie do part of the trick and for a week you put him clown as a well preserved sixty. But the man with dates at the end of his fingertips remembers when Beau Brummel first came to northern paradiso and assures you that he is eighty-seven. And you suddenly fall to regretting a somewhat disrespectful argument you had with him cno rainy night when he vigorously tried to screen his pet political figurehead. Ago certainly docs and should engender respect. We respect it because it is usually a natural condition resulting from a well-spent life. A great many things in lifo may bo a matter of chance and so-called good luck. Wo aro continually being told this. But a hale and hearty eighty-seven that glories in the pretty and inno cent vanity and American Beauty silk socks must have had something pretty substantial in tho living up to those laws which govern correct and sane living. A row of seven miles around a rocky island of Georgian Bay was a commjn form of pastime for the gentleman of eight-seven, and he walked through tho one-step and hesitation waltz with no hesitation whatever, but he always waved cheery "good night" at half-past nine, tho never-changing bedtime hour. The War as a Bore AND then there was the ever-pre valcnt Mamma with a couplo of. budding daughters and a couple of hundred Impossible ambitions for them, who gave ono tho impression that sho looked upon tho war as somewhat of a bore because it show ed signs of knocking tho ambitions Into a cocked hat. Looking at her, one felt sorry for tho daughters, but glad that excessive wealth does not excessive happiness produco nor pride contentment give. Surely tho law of compensation must mean Jsomcthlng. Hero and at similar slimmer resorts, where congregato a i heterogeneous medley known as tho I Leisure class, we get a fair idea of the mental trend. We spot at once tho people of conscientious, outspoken thought and, on the other hand, those who bid for popularity and try to run with tho majority. And then there arc the excessively narrow who seem to say: "Think as I think for none but Imbeciles think along other lines." You may knit socks for tho soldiers Sunday-yes, oven in tho dining-room, while you aro waiting for your, soup and while some person at.tho hsad of the table Is mumbling an indistinct blessing, but you must not darn a holo in tho small boy's stocking If ho rips It on Sunday and all his others aro at tho laundry. Again, thero aro those good souls who believe that impressive seriousness is the correct mode of living, and there aro others who insist that a hearty laugh Is good for the soul and finds an echo In heaven. It strikes one almost with a sense of humor to turn from ono mental attitude to another. Herbert Spencer or� any other of tbo&o critical old chaps who revelled in taking minds to ploccs, would havo found themselves , working ovortlmo in this northern paradise, tfcp .variety and complexity By ROSAMOND BOULTBEE. ENICG has suffered moro than any other Italian city, through the war. First of all sho has suffered from tho beginning of tho conflict in 1914. As a port sho was no longer used, for her chief traders were tho belligerent countries. Thero was no moro demand for her beautiful products. Venetian glass and 1 lnco Industries stopped work. No more travelers came to enjoy tho city. Thercforo, tho working people seemed almost cut off from sustenance. When war actually commenced in Italy, it was Venice that was the most seriously menaced. Her lights went out, her trading had already stopped. The few gondoliers left, no longer sang as they piled up and down her canals. Tho young1 men went to war, older ones were employed in territorial positions. Others not called to service, set about with the influential women of the city to arrange for tho needy among them. It was a tremendous task that they had before them. But the work is a marvel of organization and management. Tho opera house "Fenice" has been commandeered as the work headquarters. Up to the present three million llras (?600,000) have been subscribed by Venetian pcoplo alone. They were sent fifty thousand franco (or llras) recently from tho city of Milan. This they applied to tho "Mutilato" (tho maimed in war) as their own civil os-istance they wished to accomplish entirely out of their own donations-Venetians havo their "amour propre" nd are carrying on splendidly. An Immense Work AS I went through tho Fcnlcc Theatre I saw rooms filled with waiting women. In small offices women, or men, were taking down all information regarding the families, and claims of thoso seeking help. There aro those who seo to tho holp with rents. Thero are those who get Information about pensions and separation allowances. There are attendant doctors. There aro soup kitchens in different parts of Venice. Twelve thousand families have been helped with money, food and clothes. Every single case Is inspected. Four thousand soldiers' children are having their schooling, their dinner, nnd tea, and their tlmo is occupied for the greater part of the day, so the mothers can Work. Every family that has sufferd Is helped. Little books tabulate donations, cards are given with all information about applicant on thom. A duplicate of each card is kept at the office of tho *-ork. Then I went all over the building. Tho beautiful concert hall now has In it two hundred sewing machines. , Thero girls from about fifteen to twenty-five years of age, aro busy working. .They aro paid by the piece, and earn about five lira a day, working eight hours. In tho undcr-parts of tho theatre, uniforms and soldiers' garments are piled up high, tho Government orders and pays for these, and it makes a regular income for tho work. Tho best cutters are employed. Thoso who are running this institution, are all voluntary workers, some gentlemen, doing men's work with splendid system and results. Ono can only admire, and not commiserate with tho Venetians. For, in every sphere, they arc showing what splendid stuff they aro made of. Protecting St. Mark's UT St. Mark's, that beautiful lltt.lo cathedral, has tho most unique preparations possible against damage. When I first saw It I thought it looked Ilka a huge tank, with a Bort of wooden cow-catcher effect, built all round it, and right up to its obelisked roof, tnsldo is exactly liko tho cellar of a Inrgo granery. Every pillar has matressoa around It. Mounds of sand bags aro piled up everywhere, from hehlnd these ono sees worshippers in front of lighted altars. St. Mark's Squaro Is always crowded with pedestrians,, and tho pigeons still come down to/ feed. The Ducal Palace is bricked up between the pillars of Its arcades. Cafes ply their trade as usual, but at 10 p.m. the lights go out and ono is amongst many ghost-like figures. For over a century tho Cafo Florian never closed by night or day. Now, it keeps open only until li p.m. Many soldiers and very many moro whito uniformed sailors aro everywhere. Among the latter one see� lomo splendid British men. I havo been out several times on board tho British Monitors; they are queer looking ships, but evidently very efficacious in shallow sea warfare. These monitors took part in the bombardment east of tho Harma-da, and when on tho Aquillca Tow* er I saw their fire. Grey Dog* of War THESE grey sea dogs of war, Italian and British, give the lagoons and entrances to the canals a look of security. In fact, Venice is very calm, no ono has nerves. Everyone is waiting for the end of tho war when Venice will come into her own again. But for me Venice has tho same mysterious interest that it must have had somo hundreds of years ago-where there were no lights and one saw only tho shadowy beauty of Its outllno by night, and the picturesque buildings and canals by day. Wo know the Adriatic is mined, so what is there to fear by sea or air? Yet, we never know. But from what I have seen, I would say that Venice will not suffer any moro damage in this war. But will remain to please future generations, as it has us-this beautiful jewel of Northern Italy. may have far exceeded tho mental depth, but you must remember thot It takes cqoally as long to count tho stones beneath tho waters of a shallow brook as to imagine tho possibilities lying beneath tho unfathomable depths of the sea. Now of all tho varied forms of mind development which effervesced In this northern clime, possibly the most unforgettable was the lady with tho pronounced critical religious ideas. Sho possessed what might havo been called aristocratic piety, and strange to say and equally sad to relate, her species is somewhat prevalent. Wo sailed one evening oss tho dark waters to Sunday service in tho little church amongst tho rocks. The sky was of the bluest with fleecy clouds drifting about, which a visionary small boy described as "frothy white of egg floating across a turquols chiffon curtain." It was an evening which made ono glad to bo alone and eager to cry out:" "Does everyone drink in this wonderful beauty? If not, be quick! For soon the shadows of night will fall and these wonderful pinks and reds and drifting" purples will fade away from tho "turquois chiffon curtain" perhaps never to return again!" A LUCKY SHOT ]\fANY good stories are told about Mr. Balfour, whose recent rousing; reception In America augurs so well for the future of democracy the world over. Possibly-one of the neatest concerns a golfing episode in Scotland. Mr. Balfour had driven his ball into a clump of long grass, and invited tho advice of his caddie. "Try and drive to the farthest skyline ye can see, sir." Mr. Balfour did so and landed tho ball on tho" green. "Ah,'sir," said tho wise boy regretfully, "if ah'd your strength, and yo'd ma brains, what a capital pair for a foursome we should mak!" Women of France Do Work of Horse and Os THE men are either fighting or in captivity. The horses and oxen have been taken away by tho retreating enemy, The "brave women have to take the place of tho horses, Their courage and entrain are wonderful. This i� the most remarkable photograph of this kind received from j Franco alnco the war began, ' i'4 ;