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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 28, 1914, Lethbridge, Alberta GENERAL JOFFRE VERY POPULAR Head of French Army Is Silenl Man, Kind, Quiet, and Unaffected, YET HE CAN BE HARSH Determined Supporter of the; Policy of a Creditable Record. THE GEA'SR UjISSIMO of the French inn his con over officers njul men under his command, obedient to his slightest word. Gen. Joffre Is the youngest officer of his rank in the Fmnch service. Like so many great military lead- ers, Geu. Joffre is a, very silent man rather retiring in his demeanor, yet or the kindest, quietest, .most feeied, and easy-goinsr manners, which do not at first convey the im- pression of his rigid 'will ann steel- like determination that constitute his thief characteristics. Burly in 'fig- ure, with heavy flaxen mustache plentifully tinged with silver, thicJKiy tufted eyebrows, shading a pair of very clear blue eyes; -twinkle with merriment are usually genial and but seldom hard, he sug- gests when In civilian clothes one of those courtly country are to be found in rural France. 'Yet he can be very grim, and there: are some who regard him as harsh, not-" ably thoss officers of high rank, com-! prising a dozen colonels and no less than five seneroifi, who 'last- yearafj the close of the annual-manoeuvres were pi' one sweeping and Leaders of the Austrian Army Archduke Frederick in CHie Command Von Hotzew dorf a Great Organizer Tinani of France. pclcassc. Minister oj War. Viviani arui Deleave, Statesrneii Who Lead France _ Lifter Is the Incarnation of French Revenge Toward Kaiser Twice Out of French j Vivian! Is a Socialist Who Enjoys the a King l Prime Minister well as with the-Senators It was i !rv of ITrance only "s.Ince June 14, masterly iiy which Viviani but now suddenly .called upon'j was able to :Delcasse" "t the; affairs the-nation in j to his "Government- as Minis er of -j the grec-test war the world, has ever War and secure the co-operation of is a native'.of Algiers, wh.o (has. become a thorough Parisian, .a Georges Ciemenceau." i'hey are the two strongest men id" France and IT I to Arcluluke Frederlel tha Emperor Fr i Joseph hns con fided -the 'chief command of his armies the present war. Verj short and stocky, he Is the ,eldesi Brother the Queen Mother 'o. Spain, arid is on terms of the utmosl Intimacy with the and as :mch a frequent visitor to Potsdam one of his daughters is niar- a Prussian officer.' Prince Emmanuel Sabn. Enormously rich, j ho inherited the isl fortune as well as the Duchy of Teschen from uncle, Archduke Albert, victor of the battle of Custozza, and who for so many years was Generalissimo to: Austrian armj Moreover, he i" a grimison of that Archdulie Charles, one of the, herpes of the Napoleonic virs it he be giiiiuii'5 .of the nineteenth century and famous as the victor of the bat- tle of Asuern. Archduke Frederick is one of the only members of .the imperial family whom the murdered heir presumptive I nncis Ferdinand did not dare to eliminate from the army, of the reputation'.which he enjoyed as one of the most cap able ,of Austrian commanders. .yet the two men were barely on speaking terms' with .one another, since.- the late Archduke Francis could that his morganatic wife, the Duchess of Hohenherg had been summarily dismissed from the household of Archduchess Frederick ts being discovered that she had induced-the ill fnted hoir presump- tive to jilt for her sake the daughter of .her employers. Two ether Archdukes called lupon to role in present war are Archduke Leopold j Socialist, -who .enjoys a kinp, a poet two of-7thc strongest yet who is hard-headed business man, eueinies and; political foes. _ gentlcroan of elegant manners- and JFrance.has.urgent need of them both J Salvator, who as Inspector-General who chamnions .the fat this "time but-it I'' ao''btfiil if anv of Artillery hns done much to pllce classes. He-misjone butvVivUmi cpufd have brought-j them together. cause, of-the working classes, been independent of his party in. the Chamber of.Deputies, but has, riever- Itheless, 'mr'nancd to keep its ,cpn- has antagonized the aristocracy, but contrived to pre- tserve many personal friendships in He was "ciiosen to fill .his present 'ousbbjccllenb footing, and csme a newspaper reporter in Parts when ie reached his majority, which happened to be'just. the close the Franco-Prussian War. Writing brilliant articles on" democracy for Poincare after i starvation.. he. attracted the tenttoL qEnihettn, who needed position two political veterans, Ri'oot and failed Cab- j jlnets, had declined to tlon, and' his "political fortune {try. Viviani is an obliging person, i made. He was appointed Ministei jwho "can, never refuse a friend a Colonies in Minister For seven Ministers came and went, but Dolcasse stayed tics HungnrUns toward the Aiistrians and to unite them together against Russia, lor there is no na tio'i "in the- world Which tho service, and Poincare turned to him'! Affairs in 1S3S.. as a save.-himself in the Presidential chair. Viylaui went on. He was too great a man to, leave D Btrpkc of discipline by him of ".tticir cominancls and placed on the -retired, list for inefficiency. Unbounded Confidence the three years that he has been in supreme command of the army the latter has had time ,to take his'measure, with the result .that it has accorded io him Its un- bounded confidence and believes in as a leader who can be trusted Uo lead it to victory. He is liked and respected by the officers, and above all by the rank and file, the soldiers jdesrtbinff him as the finest of de caira [but'always ready to bite. He In his tturn has.bad during these three years ;of command in time of peace tho op- .Jiortunity of forming a correct eeti- jnate oC the officers and men upon whom he now has 'to depend for the execution of his carefully matured plans against the enemy, and if they are enthusiastic about him, he; is equally enthusiastic about them. "Although the ctanln the army and-a scientific, sol- dier in the best sense of the word. Gen. Joffre Is the- moat determined supporter of the policy of attack in war. The only tactics that he has any nse for are those of the offensive, and, it is these that are best suited In his opinion for troops of the tempera- ment of the French soldier of to-day. Hafling from the Pyrenees, a gra- duate' of the Ecole Poly technique nt Paris, from, which all the engineer and artillery officers of the French army obtained the rudiments of the scientific branches of their profes- elon, age .of 18 commanded a battery ol artillery throughout the siege of. Paris, and, on the restoration of peace was appointed to a firnt lieutenancy in the engineer corps. He toofc part'in-.the Formosa and Tonkin campaigns, and later was engaged In to .work, .shifting positions' here and changing- them there, gettiiig a Cab- jlnet together when everybody said it could not be done, and obtaining1 a vote of confidence in it two days later by the .Chamber- of Deputies when everybody said it would be iinpos- Isible. A few days more add Tiyiani was on board the battleship France in with. President Poincare, bound for to pay a visit of State to France's ally, -whom. France serves as banker and at whose behest she has now gone' to war with Ger- many. Vivian! had but a few hours in SL but there was plenty time for Russia's "strong. Prime Minister Ivan Goremy- kin, to come to an understanding with him. Goreoykin is a man of seventy-five, while Vivian! is fifty- one. Goremykln's strong will and re- actionary principles dominate his Im- perial master and determine P.ussia's destiny. One caa be reasonably cer- tain that they will seek to determine France's also, through Viviani, if Gbremykin caa bring it about An Ardent Socialist rT was in- 1906 that Viviani first L took Cabinet rank in France. Ciemenceau, then Prime Minister, made him Minister of Labor, creat- ing the office for him. in response to' the demands of the Socialists. Vi- viani had been their ardent champion for many years, openly advocating the right of the -norkingmen to strike for higher vwagea or better hours. He was Minister of I-.abor for four years, and went through the strike of the Post-Office employes, who on. March; A9V 1009, left leftera and telegrams undelivered; the partial strike of the electricians, who attempted to plunge the city of Paris in total darkness, and the strike the railway employes, who tried to tie up all the transjiortation. Vivlanl's radical Socialism has been somewhat Softened since then. It Is a marvellous achievement for him still to retain the Socialist support In hi.i political -program. Jt contains an unqualified support of the meas- ure passed last year in the Chamber of 'Deputies, practically by 'the com- mand of Russia, providing; for a three-year military service, which -entertain such a bitter hatriid as -the Russian they can j-neyer. forget the suffered at the bands ot the Russian' Marshal Paskiewitch at tlie head-jof -a -Muscovite force put all Hungary to the fire and sword when-he invaded the ancient kingdom of St. Stephen in -1849 "to assist -Austria suppressing the Mag- yar revolt. .Gon.. Conrad von Hotzendortf as chief of the'geneml staff of the.Aus trian army.' is- likewise a. very proriY incnt'figurenin the great war In Kur ope. A wonderful1 organizer, a sol dicr ot Marshal von Moltke 'and -Kitchener type, insisting1 that everything In connection Tvilh the Austrian army shall work with clocliHke precision and that nothing shall bo left 'to chance, it Is to him that has been confided by Emperor Francis Joseph the task of prepar- ing for the "present conflict. Indeed he spent' several weeks in April last a. small resort near had to put his political head upon the In January, 1932, Germany and France had ajiocher "Morocco affair." France felt-sufficiently strong to JosJiita KingJiam. Judge J Siitltcctt Clute. V Victoria, B.C., in all Grand Exalted Ruler of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks of the- Dominion of Canada at. the third annual, meeting of tlie'Grand whfcir will be held this year at Moose Sthtollth. Mr.'Kingham is one'ofthe 'coal.barons" of the West, he is also the, owner of :the'franchise of the North western League biseball team He will it elected succeed Judge J. Stilwell CUite, of. New "Westminster, present. Grand Exal- ed Rultr it i FRENCH AMBASSADOR SPENT TliME USEFULLY IN BERLIN Jule, Cambon the Mdn Who Acted for Spain in. Termi- nating American War must not forget thxt Prance at d Gei :ie Ambassadors rnment iiau itWil- liich each Gov stationed in the apitals lire now at--home. Premier "Iviant of France has a valuable ad- Iser In Jules .Cambon, just re- urned to Paris from Berlin, where In? erved. as the French Ambassador, .was on intimate, terms with tho falser, was often a" guest at the mti'erial palace at publiu banquets nd private dinners. He otibtediy not been idle in the.midst 'all these amiable occupations. And t likely that he "has forgotten he Franco-Prussian whldh he ommunded a company, of mobiles, tike'.-Gen. at tho Paris. He was French Ambassador ai 'Washington years arid conducted. negotiations for Spain, jwhicH-concluded the Span- ish Spaing was-'so pleased with his; services that she -had- him sent from Washington to-Madrid. But he was-.too valuable a man to waste upon anyone but the Kaiser.' He has been in years, .taking, his va- cation back in Paris in company with his elder brotlfer- :Paul Cambon, the French London. It was a. combination: relationship and of- fitlal position which the X-user did not particularly like. But Jules.Cani- suave and. tactful, the picture of the Kaiser such good'.dinners in Berlin and-told such iuyiuslhg' stories ?ood .health and good humor, gave entertained Charicello: von" so exceedingly well that ho Swas; always -to come and sec them. SIR JOHN FRENCH LEADS BRITISH Expeditionary Force Which It Helping Belgium and Frantic Is Under His Command. HERO-OF Relieved the Siege of Kimbeiley and Helped 'Kitchener >rv Crush HE chief command of the English forces in the field has1 lotted to -Field French, wiio Is leading the patched to the assistance tff-Belglfim; Until few months ago he Chief of the General Staff of tho army, post which ho resigned owing to his differences with the eminent in connection with the military tibns Cor dealing with any dis- turbances resulting from movement .in Ulster. "When European war broke out mcnt as Inspector-General :6f >iha British' forces was announced iftitt same day as that of Earl Kitchener as; Secretary of StateTor War Sir John, the son and grandson ot naval officers, was originally Intended) for the Church, was sent against his wiU-r-into the ing the rank of lieutenant quitted the sea in'order to a liussar officer He enjojs the well lented reputation of being the most Able cavalry leader'. of-'tHo.British army, and won fame sucS during :he-Boer war. But with all that, he still rides like a Is to say very fully. Indeed, he is not a gooft.riderj which Is all the more'astonishing "Iri view of his prowess while, lubaltcrn m French lirst saw active service in 2gypt, and took pirt in the unsuc- cessful Nile expedition under LorjBl' Volseley for the "relief General' Gordon at Khartoum Later on, while stationed at Alder- goofl, 'deal of shot, he incurred criticism, and even "censure, oh tho any Cabinet. Demanded His Resignation I.N 1905, .when France and Germany were "-adjusting their differences aver Morocco, the Kaiser did not like the defiant attitude of. the French Foreign Minister. .Germany demand- ed his" resignation. ThV alternative was war. France was not prepared go io war. Her army was de- ficient, her navy obsolete. Delcasse Carlsbad with Gen. Julius von Moltke, the present Chief of the Gen- oral S of< the "German ela- borating plans for-the present joint action of the German and Austrian armies against Russia and France. Short andifriir. he stands particu- dare to bring Delcasse back into the jariy Jlien ih the confidence of tils Cabinet, although as Minister of He did not conduct the ne- gotiations with Germany, only serv- ed as an .adviser behind the scenes. Ambassador Jtiles Cambon in Berlin got along} amicably with the Kaiser and Klderlch-WRechter, the Foreign Minister, and' the war cloud was again dispelled. vlt "was only after everything was finished and tlie ink! was drying upon the signed papers that Germany discovered that Del- as Foreign. Minister in 1904, had made a secret treaty with Spain for the partition of Morocco. "When1 France divided, the same big melon ith Germany in-1912 .Spain let the cat out of the bag. Delca'sse's Head ifell once, more upon the political guillotine at the command of Ger- many, and his hatred of the Hohen- zollern increased in fury. It was in January. Poin- care was elected President.of France. He had been Prime Minister the year before during the Morocco affair, and It he who had received Ger- many's orders to dismiss Delcasse. But before Poincare had had time to write his inaugural address as Presi- Deleaase had heen appointed Ambassador to ,St, Petersburg. It was the open challenge to tho Kaiser. Europe looked for war at any hour almost after that. Del In Russia less than a year. .It was long enough for his purpose. Ho came home when he was ready, not when Germany told him to.. The Kaiser sent him an in- vitation to' stop over in Berlin as he passed along that way. B-Jt Del-, casse had to decline. He had chosen) route. Do'ubtleas ho hopes now Tto go to Berlin under some-! what' the same circumstances .is j Kaiser William and Bismarck wont to Paris in 1870, sovereign, who has the very highest opinion of his- ability. Imk-ed on the several occasions when he: resigned his position as chief of the general staff in consequence of his differ- ences with the late Archduke Francis Ferdinand, with whom he was, con- tinually at variance, the old Emperor insisted r.uon his remaining: at his Men At ihe Head of Russia's Army General Sukonaliuoit-and Gram Duke1 Nicholas Both 'Bril- liant Cavalrymen, R gigantic which :on its present .war footing .ia estimated" as numbering over six million men is under the chief command: of two men, namely, Gen. Sukomlirioff .and the Grand Duke Nicholas Nichplalovitch. The latter is -to direct the operations in the f ielil as Generalissimo, whereas the former- remains .at St. Petersburg'as Minister of "War. "Unlike most ot his .predecessors at iho "Wa r Department, Sukomlinoff is a-. Slav and a Russian Nationalist. His work, until summoned from Kfeff few years ago to assume the task of reorganizing the military forces of -West'Africa, directing" the of .Napoleon- tion, of railroads heading'the mans at Sedan, an< relief column .which went to the as- Eistance of -the Bonnier and finally penetrating as' far, espcdltion, TImbuctoo, and seizing that myster- ious city, which for centuries had been the headquarters of the native trade of Central Africa. He likewise had a large share in the conquest of the Island of Mada- gascar, of which he was governor for three years. .Then he became com- mander of the Second Army Corps, with headquarters at and just before his appointment as Gcn- t-rnllssimo of the army was Director- General was violently' oppoaud by the Social- istic political party. Viviani is at the head of the six- tieth Government in France Mince the proclamation the Third 'Republic upon September 4, 1870. following the III. by the Ger- id the consequent overthrow of the Napoleonic dynasty. Since then. Cabinets .in France have risen and' fallen with bewildering rapidity, Vivianl's gcnina in being a'Jlc to produce harmony out of chnos and unity among variously divergent factions is perhaps the gift of great- est need the Prime Minister of France at tkto moment A Masterly Stroke .all the men who went his Cftblne'; June 14 nre young, of no very great experience, but popular vcitU Deputies tut NEA 318 8TOHA.CJT. colonel of a volunteer regiment camping in. Virginia, came across a private on the outskirts of the camp painfully munching on some- thing. His face was wry and his lips scemctl to move only with the great- est effort, "What arc you demanded the colonel. "Persimmons, sir." "Good. Haven't you got any more sense than to cat persim- mons at ,thls lime of tho year? They'll pucker the very ptomach out of "I know, sir. That's why I'm cat- In' 'cm. .I'm trymu io .shrink me stomach to fit me mUoaa." Children of the Late Crowri Prince Ferdinand D are the little orphans, the assassination of whoso Cfcvwn Prince Ferdinand of Austria and his wife, the Duchess of Hohrflberg, was the excuse for Austria's dec lervia; In the midst of the world's anger against tlfosewbo precipitated this cruel'war, ?y tlrely .concerned with the strategic problem of tho western frontiers of the' Empire; .-Ho took par1, in neither nor Japanese wars, nor In. any of the Asiatic campaigns, but fought brill nth in tho Turkish -nar of 1877 under the 'Gen. Dragpmiroff. whoso .favorite lieuten- ant he was and whom he succeeded command of the south-western Provinces, with headquarters a't tvieff. Till he came to St. Petersburg as Minister he knew little or.nothing ot court circles, but reached the Capital with' reputiHioi'i being the ablest'stratcgistv'lKo niost clever or and the'most capable com mamler" of Ihe entire army, as the one man, above others, destined to play an Important role in the. war h Austria and t Germany. Of course he has encountered numerous obstacles lii his task of placing the Russian aririy'.upon a fighting basis, it was necessary for him to re- move many, officers of high rank and political influence'In "order to 'make way for men more capable. The Czar, lowever, and. Nicholas Nicholaiovltch. realizing the excellent work which he was doing, backed him up through thick and thin, and not even the sensational scandal in con- nection with 'lie divorce of the-lovely Mmc. do BiixkewHch, in which be played ii leading role, and her sub- sequent marriage to him, were able to his position. By profession be is a cavalryman, ind-if Russia Is to-diiy in "u position to show a bold front'-to Austria and icrmany, Instead of being compelled to comply with their-demands, as In when, owing to the unreadiness of the Czar's army tlie empire was h'umiliftten in the nltfht of the world, it is wholly due to Gen. Sukomlinoff. As for the Grand Duke Nicholas Nioholalovltch, he; Is probably the tallest member of the, reigning house of itussln, and.looks what he Is, a born spare figure ind.; 0f_ exceptionally, -distinguished' jcuring. He won the St. George's Uross for- conspicuous gallantry on the battlefields of the Turkish war of r.'.'is1 the-eldest son of late Grand' Duke Nicholas- NicholMovitch, who commanded the Russian army in that I campaign, .is--rated by tin, Gorman1 War Department at Berlin, and by .he military experts of Europe, as Ihe inosi' clever brilliant cavalry Jcader now living, and has for several been at the hojid of the .military district of St. Pr-torsiim-ir of the cnpilal, find as such re- sponsible for the safely of the Cxar, .he reigning house, tmd of the Gov- Gen. SukomMnoU, he s a divorcee, his wife, Grand Dlicliciis Stanu, one of the laughters pi the King of Montenegro, laving secured a dissolution of her union to the late Duke George of Lcuchlcnberg, in' order to wed him. A. PRESENTATION ADDRESS. Sir John Fjcnoli, part military superiors, for em- barking 'in cavalry tactics that did not comment! themselves to generals of the old school, and his career was regarded by many, in conscqucuca B thereof, as ended. Relieved Kimberley UT tlie late General Sir Redvers Culler gave, him his when the Boer war broke out, select- ed him as a member of hiR staff, and. ended liy placing him in command of his cavalry. It was at the head of the by means of a forced march, that French relieved, the siege ofKlmber- iey, and further assisted Eord Kitcli- ener in the crushing ot Cronje. and in the capture of his Sir John is a very short, stout man, of barely five feet, 2 white- moustache, is not oVer popular in tha service, where he liaa 'b'een accused of undue favoritism, especially whcro officers birth and title arc coii- KING COLLECTS STAMPS THIiiUB never ns a lime w hen the craze for stamp colleci ng vas so extensive. Partly this is to bo explained' by the fact that, practised vith reasonable acumen and: non sense, it can be made a vary i hobby for show a entlcncy to increase in value.'ten- olil. The King la considered to pos- ess one of tho most valuable ions of postage stamps' in the world, ncluding thfi fimouff ooat offico Mauritius stamp IsaucU'-m 1S47; print- in blue, unused of the face of" ad, and with a mat-gin' on tach, side. Put up for auction, the'M'amp iireyr an opening bid of which amount .was steadily advanced to when it was knocked down to a dealer acting on behalf ot His Ma- jesty. The King's collection is moflt.y lin and :lhe three children were to give mother a birthday In combination. vThe youngest I was selected to make the pre- sentation address. Slio prepared for t carefully, ami thus delivered U In due season; "Dear mamma, this glCt' Is pre- sented you by your'throe children itcil to poBtugb stamps I varloiia countries of 'thcjBrltlslv Em- pire, and Is supposed to be the most complete record ot Br'Hteh; postal ia- a in existence. Amongst Its moat coveted features arc specimens of a purple stamp bearing ICInff Ed- ward's profile, which wius nover' Iff- d. On the very day tho stamp was to have gone out, but under.tho melancholy circumstances It was recalled, and In duo 'courae few specimens which were kept foxing their way Into King aibuofc ;