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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - August 18, 1914, Lethbridge, Alberta Jtetbbvibac Deralb iietbbd^0e, Blberta i DAILY AND WEEKUY - tUBSCRIPTION RAT18 Btllr, delivered, per yw..... Mir. by mall, per year...... Weekly, by mall, per year.... �4.O0 3.00 1.00 1252 TELEPHONES 8a�lnes9 Office ............... ^^''1 Editorial Office .............. John Torrance BustnesB Manager w. a. Buchanan Maoaging Director at the German HOW AN EXPERT SIZES THE GERMAN ARMY AND NAVY Germany's army is one of reputation only. In so many words does "En Avant," -writing in the London Magazine, put it. Behind the nom-de-plume is a man -who writes whereof he Knows, as li� was present seven times in the past ten years grand manoeuvres of the army. Here are a few extracts from �what "En Arant" says, and It should be remem'bered these views were, expressed before th� outbreak of war: "xi manoeuvres, the German soldier oir officer Is taught to do things which he oould not possibly perform If the enemy ware using ball cartridge. Whole brigades of cavalry sWep down upon unibroken infantry in most gallant fashion, and the umpires encourage the sport. It is, perhaps, 'magnificent, but it Is not war.' ;'Thte Is only one example out of a hundred deeds of foUy that I have seen done. The poor fellows are tiA-customed to these Muachauten tactics, they are aocustomed to be told by the umpires that they liave succeeded, and naturally they an w�ll pleased. But what-I ask with emphasis-will bo the mental attitude of the poor fellows when they try these child's trlckB tn real battle against a real enemy? "The flnt result wiU be a heavy dsath roll, and then a dead stop of the maohlnery whilst the officers reconsider the situation. But what vrill the men be thinldtig? I know what I should think it I were one of them. I should blame my officers (or having taught me to play the game all wrong. New, oaoe a soldier starts thinking that, he Is not going to have much further use for dleclpllne. The bolts that hold the mlUtary machine together will 4�e loosened, the machine win rattle and refuse to work. "Time and time again I have, seen splendid opportunities occur on the German manoeuvres for a subordinate officer to achieve a startling suocesa by acting on his own Initiative, but that would be against regulations, so the opportunity is Invariably allowed to pass. "Again, I have seen a whole ibrigad* captured, just because the brigadier was waiting orders from the general to withdraw. The order did not come in time, for the messenger had missed his road. The general admitted to me at the time that there was no object to be served in thus risking capture, but that he could not retire, because he had not received an order to do so from his superior." Reports of German tactics before Liege apparently bear out the foregoing opinion. ^ "En Avant" has an equally poor opinion of Germany's navy to judge from the following: "We calculate the German navy's strength in Dreadno^jghU, but we forget the aH-important factor of the men who man the fleet "Germany is a country with a very limited seaboard and only a very small fraction of that seaboard produces a maritime population. Our sailors are for the most part born to the life, and make a profession of it, tut the vast majority of men who man the German fleets are new to the sea, and, since they only serve two years, never have time to learn the life. _ "Germany may go on building as many Dreadnoughts as she can afford, but she cannot manufacture saiiors. For the last^five years the question of manning the fleet has been a difficult one, whilst that of finding officers for it is even more difficult. In the fatherland the army officer has all the prestige; his naval colleague is considered a very inferior ibeing, despite the efforts of the Kaiser to equalize the kudos of the two services. With every ship Germany builds, this problem becomes even more acute. "Who would care to go on a sea voyage on a ship manned by amateurs and es-amateur resen-ists? "Who would Ulie to go out to battle in a warship under similar conditions' Tet these are the conditions the German sailor will have to face in war "In spite of al! the alarmists say, _ Oiere is much hope in the idea that German military power is a highly inflated bubble, of brilliant hues, (but susceptilble of being pricked and and to allow judgment to decide rather than prejudtoe and passtOB. There & a higher patriotism even, than that of country or natlonalltr- a patriotism that gives itself to humanity rather than to any portion of it; tliat is concerned chiefly with the rights of man, rather than with the advantage of a few men. Tlie travesty "Me und Go{t," expresses in a large measure the conviction of nearly every German, that which has for lis basis the localizing of the Diety. How much bettor would be Abraham Lincoln's view, who said to someon9 who expressed the hope tliat God was on "Qur side," "I am not concerned to know if God is on our side, but I am concerned to know that we are on God's side." It is not generally thought that God gives much thought to national lines, although He does recognize them. His chief concern lies in the progress of humanity which m mm: ftmle, Aug. 17. - Femie vtiMtma were very much alarmed on iSUMlay afternoon by a bush fire gainiliK falsad-way within a mile of.the cH^. >Tti� fire Ignited fti a clearing n�i�c, the city park, bet'n'cen the park �M. th* city. A .hi^ southerly widd was blowing and the fire in a very sbort time made alarming headway. J. C. Hart, district forest rani^r, Who was in Fertile, was promptly nottfled ot the fire, and immediately ftatteMd up > some fifty men, arming them with' a.\os and shovels, and retii^uieitloning a number of automobiles had the men oh the job in Jig time'^ Theie men were put to work endeavoring to extinguish the fire with earth, buV in this their efforts were Ituitlws. Fire tieavifig For Front Tonight �Parla. Auk. 17.-The first Frusllan eagle captured by the Fredch 'duHag the pt�aMt war, iirunB todar alwy* the entraa�� to the French-�&roMloe In Paris, it la thejred and t>Uu:k ftte, bearlJiK a Pruailan^le in tliA qeiitre, whfch was borne Into batti�i by the t�t lower Alsatian Infintrj' reijin�nt No. 132 of the Oiinnan irmy, when it came tInto .action at ^tnte Blaise, also known aM Saliite Marie. lies lu ui�s uiufiicoo _ ^ . iv.; The reglnaeht-oiMne from the Ger? is being so thoroughly blighted by the Cliiet McDoug^l, Yf" . T! man forti^ia of Strassburg. The. flag isoeingsou � ^ scene, saw that water would be the .^^^^ present struggle. "German standard captured," reads dispatch. Make it "German Kaiser captured," and many sighs ot relief would go up. "The French troops showed brilliant courage," says a report in de-scrifbing the defeat of the Germans at Dinant in Belgium yesterday. The French soldiers to a man know they are fighting now to wipe out the stain of 1874; And they are showing the esprit de corps that the Kaiser en-deavora to instil into his men, but in vain. The Springfield Republican is' one of the soundest papers in the United States. It is one ot the leaders of thought in New Bngland and its comments on public opinion represents the views of the thinkers and leaders of publio opinion in the intelligent centres of the Eastern States. Having said this much we are now pleased to give the Republican's view of the war, and that it is strongly in favor of Britain is not .surprising: "While Britain stood hesitating, Germany has cut the knot. XVith the same unhesitating audacity with which the Kaiser forced war on Russia and France and disregard ful of treaty rights marched his armies across the neutral ground of Belgium and Luxemburg, he has thrown down the gage to England without waiting for the pacific ministry to make up its mind reluctantly to take part in the struggle. It is better so. It is now Britain's duty to strain every nerve to crush this frightful portent of militarism, as by her naval power she crushed the evil genius of Napoleon a century ago. If she had declared war earlier she would have been absolutely justified, both by the claims of honor and by the urgent necessity of protecting her own existence. But the blow has been struck not by her but at her, and every soul in Great Britain, Ireland and the Bm.plre will respond as one man in defence of the liberties of Europe." only thing to save the situation and sent in an alarm. Two hose carriages with two thousand feet ot hose aiid two men each,- only tcspohded as �the city proper cbuld not be left unprotected. This hose was cdnnected with a hydrant in the city park and i to lay one'line and alter three hours drenchicg, combin�id With the efforts of the shovel brigade, the fire was put out, altkough at one time it got within fifteen yards of a patch of dry, standing timber, had It leached this, even with the a�tistiuii!e of the water, nothing short ot a miracle could liave saved the lumber yard of the Elk Lumber company aiM the wtstern portion of t*e.clty! "fhe Elk Lumber Co. alto took all precautionary measures possible to pievent the spread ot the Are!in their yard by baviog all their attziliaTy liaes of hose in use, playing streams on the pUes of lumber. waa'ttkeW by the Tenth Battaiien French Reserves, and was brought to Paris last night by Col. Marcel Ser-ret, formeriy French military attache at Beriin. Crowds ot Parisians stood hour after liour this morning staring at the captured standard. URGED TO BORROW LIITIE London, Aug. 18.-^Negotiations are under way baring for their object the cancellation of future caHs ob Overseas Dominions and Indian loans issued on a substantial scale before the outbreak of the war. It is sugjiMted that Bcrip-holden should receive an amount of stock proportional to the sum already paid up. This would definitely dispose of a heavy liability that might seriously retard the resumption of stock exchange business on terminal liiies. -Some of tie CcUoh-ial borrowers "would be Inconvenienced, but it is .pointed out that a^art from the standpoint of Imperial patriotism it would be In their own interests to. avoid, calls. Pendihg any such arrangement, people who delay payment of their calls will be liable to !pay 6 per cent interest under moratorium. "ME UND GOTT" Everyone will admit that Germany made a mistake, if not a series of mistakes, previous to the general state ot war in Europe. But her worst move was made when she decided to invade Belgian soil, as shovra by later developments. One can explain almost everything else Germany has done, as more or less defensive, but her viola tlon of her own pledged word cannot be reconciled with any moral code. It seems a pity that Germany, which stands at the forefront In all scientific and philosophical matters, should bo engaged In what must prove a destructive war to her. Possibly it will mean that Germany will become more democratic, as she is certainly destined to be. Tliis Is a time when vi;e ueed to see all sides so far as we can. The Intercolonial elevator at St. John, containing 750,000 bushels ot grain, was destroyed by fire. James Berry, a flre boss at the Reserve mine In Nanalmo, met a tragic death by falling down a 300 foot shaft. GARIBALDI'S SON WOULD FOLLOW FATHER'S FOOTSTEPS Paris, Aug. 18.-Rieeti Garibaldi, the son of the Liberator, writes to M. Raquenik, secreUry of the Franco-Italian league: "I am always the Franc Tireur of 1870, and the flag o�-j the 61st Prussians, captttrM by my father at Dijon, awaits of the German army in the Paris military museum. If the French government wishes, I am ready to take mtj fatberts place and organize tree companies of French and foreigners In eastern Prance. 1 believe I ible to obtain from 20,000 to 40,00^jnen. I would suggest the matter to the government, and th^y Inform me.'" San Francisco, Calif., Aug. 18. ~ l^hipping interests here are eager to lesrn whether the German crulsiAr Leipzig, which steamed out ol the harliocai lg:Se a.m. today alter tmk-mg on coal and supplies, will i^ueUk its patrdl of the eoast. loohingr lor marine prices,- or will proceed wards its neatest seaport, Apift.Sli-moa, whither its companion inthiefe K-aters, the cruiser Nurenberg, is bs-Uevtd to be heading. During its 24-hour stay here: the Leipzig was permitted to replenMi its bunkers with only f>75 tons of coal, merely enough t^o tako the vessel to Apia. Under the neutrality laws, American ports axe now closed -to the crulB-�r (or tbr�e months, and shipping men are iacliBed to believe th*t tl^ Leipzig will not lisk, by r^nwiBiHg oS this port, the depletion ol Hs coal supply. Merchantmen of the belUgeret�t j^a-tions, including 25 British {Kxttoms, are tied up here and their Bailing depends upon the German cruisers 4|uit-ting these waters. The colleetct ot the port, interpreting the neutrality laws, yesterday said that no prizes of war could be brought into San Francisco. This ruling was received with.much satisfaction by Steamship opec4tor8. JAP CRUISER TAOOING Tfaoy figured the Leipzig �roUld be usable to man more th�n. MNi or two prizes or tow them tot^amoa: Meantime the Japanese cmlsR Id-zumo, which left Sata Diifo late yes-Iterday, is steaming up th�r coast, With the reported arowed iatflsklim of tagging the Leiptig bout wherever it goes.  The French cruiser Mofttealm, a more formidable craft itatt the German cruiser, is believed to be standing oil this port. CtiNtlKtJED FROM yllOWT fMZ At 10.30 the mn will proAMd to Bt. Atttustiti'B Hall, whera thay wilt be proTid�d with refreshiktitts by tha Oaufhtars of the Ksiitrs, and other ladies. FY-om there they will be escorted to the stetlOB by the hands, and given a right royal send-off, as Lethbridge's catatrlbutlob to the Bm> pira in bar stroMla with Otrttkhy dnd Austria. The volunteer'eoatlngaat will'pro> ceed lb OtUwa, whfre they will join the iird Canadian Brlgsde, hs repra-septAUves ot the S&th Battery, the only artillery tr�ai the west, tad tha ireseihrlBts wHi go to Quebec. Trans> bortation hai already been arradged and everything is in readiness for the departure. ^ Be on hand tonight at Wesley church, and show your loyalty to Canada and the Umpire, by uheering for the boys who will help to mainUin her dignity, op the land and on the sea. . All Veterans are eapeolaliy invited; and are requested to wear thair medals. UthbHdg* VeluntMr* Those who will Iea�a th^ �lty t^ hlght as teembers ot the ilth Bitttery, tor service overseas are: Lihvt' A. P. Mewhura, son ot Dr. Ifslrbura (now In Mwitreal); Lient. Miffath Oodwin, nephew of C. A. Ma-grath, ex-M.P.; Sergt. R. S .Sargent, W. >W. Smart. Oaorge BathgMe (first to enlist), E..Patteson. O. O. Orelg. O^ha Robinson. J. M. Hendry, T. Kw ah. C. H. Price, P. Clayton, ii. RuS' aall; C. T. Hunt, O. K. Leonoweas, A. G. I fllmmoiis, H. Scttllard, C. Clarke, TUM or other valuables in one of these boxes wojx Fimrass nmtmuATMM applt to Lcthbridge Branch - - R. T. Brymncr, BUgr. the German cavalrymen, assures the citizens of Antwerp that they have nd need to bo frightened. GERMANS ON DEFENSIVE Loadoa, Aug. 18.-11.45 a.m. - A despatch from Brussels to Renter,'s Agncy today says that all the German troops recently troating the Belgians have taken up strictly defen-siTri entrenched positions, aecording to an oIHcial announcement by the Belgian war office. DEFENSE OF BRUSSELS London, Aug. 88.-A despatch to Reuter's Telegram Co., from Brus-�alsi says that it has been offloialiy aaaounced that very important measures have been taken to assure the defense of Brussels end safeguard it against any surprise attack. More or less numeroiis bodies ol the German cavalry which had strayed from the main body and have been thrown back on Brussels, have escaped from the local guards. WOMEN DIG GERMAN COAL Lomion, Aug. 18.-S'lO a.m. - The correspondent of the Times at Bene, Switzerland, says : The (rermans hav� humed the town of Biuzweiler and blown up all its factories, the reason alleged being that the inhabitants fired on a Germain patrol. All the people of the town' are required to register. Notwithstanding assuranots that Germany is provided with plehty of coal, it is known here that women are being employed in the cirilieries in the provinces ot Rhine and Westphalia. House GJIed By War CONTINUED PROM FRONT PAGE VJ INSURANCE RcpntcBliBf Beit Cuputo - fire ufe Let as qnote rates-If you woUld save money wc can interest you. STAFFORD & STEWART REAL ESTATE, LOANS, STAFFORD BLOCK ' PHONE 466 INSURANCE : � LETHBRIOOE enjoyment of the blessings ot British liberty. As representative ot His Majesty the King I must add my expression of Ijianks aad admiration for the splendid spirit of patriotism and geaerpsity thai has been displayed thrpughpui ^e length and breadth of the dominions. The debate pn the address in reply to the speet^ from the throne, it is expected, will hot he proceeded with unt 1 ttMaeadaf - alieisoon. With respect to such of these measures as may require the sanction and approval ot parliament the necessary legislative proposals will be submitted for your consideration. Other bills authorising additional measures which are essential tor the public safety will also be presented to you without delay. Otatlemen of the House ol Com-moot: Estimates will he laid before you to provide tor ekpeadtture whMi has bien or mfty be caused by the outbreak ot hoatiiitics. Honorabh OeailenMn at the Sea-at*: Gcntlemea of tka Houae ol Com-mims: . The critical period iato which we faiive just eatcred has aroused to t^e full the patriotism aad loyalty which liave always actuated the Caaisdiaa people. ^ From every proviece "aad .indeed from every conimuaitf the mptrnse to the call ot duty has hMa aU that ooyiid be desired, the spirit which thus animates Canada inspices also His MaiiMty's domiaions throiqghout the world and wr may be assured that united action to r�i>el the com mon danger will not fail to streagth-en the ties that bind together those vast dominions in the possession and "We an hut HtOe children weak Who.toantto grow up atronth'^ W� thinkif mother gives u8**F0RCff* 'TiviuhelpusaUaUmg'-- W� know thejlakes of&Hspy wheat Are nice aa anything'^ And though wefrepeacejul little folk s. For*'FOHCE/'^e*rechnwring,** Milili0r�,itVafact- 1dd�H#� not only grow and m )Mi#ORCir; W It's a ' mm like and ranly _________ihasm nut^Uke, pieaa- ' intf � flftvor r it's made of fine vSMtqbok^ with nuatandit'a OMoithejnoBtbeneficial foods (tnyMM can eat rrleelScudwonhll tm THE TERROR OF THE SEA A deadly floating mine. By striking any ot the spikes shown la the enfl the mine ia-flied. They are four to stx feet in diameter and in a.little time become cpvered with weeds and cannot be seen. London, Xiiftl8.--Witfa a view to sttmulatiag and encouraging trade with the Dominions overseas, the war risks insuraace committee decided yesterday to fix the rate for cargo Insurances, more especially these relating to goods imports, at 3 guineas per cent: the alteration'wlU Uke place from this morning. The Briiish'&lmpire Industrial L�a-gue appeals to overseas and home traders to make the most of the golden opportunity that is now afforded them of capturing for the Empire the l;rade, ampuatlag to millions, hitherto shared by Oerqiany and Austria-Hungary. The total value of German and Austrian exports are given as well over 82,660,000,000 yearly, the bulk of which Is done with the Overseas Do< minions. "This enormous. trade," says the writer, "^viii now cease untU peace la declared, and ao better oppwtunity could be givenito the British traderit to seize it periifaaeBtly. piir trade routes are free and safe. , Our oumuV facturers are not over-hniitaed with orders. The marketo^ot the world are clear of our ntoat uaaerapaioaa com* petltors, whose vast comaierclal con-neeUons may now be eaatljr aecursA by us." AUSTRIAN BOAT LOST ") ' London, Aug. 18.-A dispatch to th* Central News from Rome says tho' Austrian torpedo boat No. 19 struck a mine-at the entrance.of the; harbor at! Pola, the Austrian naval Iwse In the. Adriatic, and went down. Ottly one member of the crew was saved. I' ATLANTIC MAIL 8ERVICK BEING REBUMCD ONCE MORgt New Tork, K.T.. Ang. 18/-The American and Red Star tluM aanowaced today that by special anangements With the post office department^ there would be an Atlaatto mall service each Wedsea^y aid Saturday both from New York and I4vclipool, by; steamers flyin^ the Aaierioan flag. Of COKyENlENT--Burns coal, coke, wobd; Lflrg0 feed doors make firing easy ^ Water pin ifefttted J, sJMC0 without removing. See the McGlary dealer or write for booklet. Bold by Geo. R. Pixon ^ Co. ;