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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - August 10, 1917, Lethbridge, Alberta GREGORY FIGHTS HUN SPYSYSTEM U. S. Attorney-General Has Organized Great Secret Police Force. HE'S DOING- THINGS; N o Wireless Communication With Germany -300 Aliens Arretted. A T T O R X K Y - G EN E R A L THOMAS WATT GREGORY and his limy of "spy cateh-i ;s" In the United States Department of Justice believe they have found pio pr.qior means of combating the greatest spy system the world has ever known, which.radiates from the Wil-hclmstrasse in Merlin, and which stretches its tentacles to th'e furthermost parts of the earth-mining towns in Arizona and lumber towns in Oregon, for instance. After nearly four months of war Attorney-General Gregory and his secret agents have definitely decided on an administrative anti-spy policy, and it is this: Sanity and vigilance. According to the chief legal official of the Government the two grave dangers which confront the United Stater in dealing with the German spy menace are Indifference and hysteria. And it is in guiding the country down the calm, dispassionate middle of the road between these two dangers that the energies of the anti-spy army are being directed. How-well they have succeeded is manifested in the records since this country entered the world conflict- They have undertaken the tremendous task of fighting the most efficient espionage machine ever organized, of handling the millions of alien enemies and enemy sympathizers who are at large, and at the same time of preventing a wild outburst of hysterical feeling that would result in rioting and bloodshed. What's Been Done THE latter problem the Attorney-General and his aids look upon as of pressing importance. They are between two grave dangers. One consists of so conducting their anti-spy campaign as to lull the country into a state of apathetic disbelief In the spy menace, thus leaving a clear field for the myrmidons of the Wil-helmstrasse. The other consists of planning the country to a point where mob violence will be directed against every Johann and Heinrich. While avoiding these two dangers, upon, the Department of Justice falls the grave r.vp'jiisihilttj' of blocking every anti-:'ican activity of alien enemies or :.:rmy sympathizers; whether that .- : vity takes the form of cipher mes-:-t'. ;t3-scnt by cable carrying informa-t.on as to movements of American :;;;amships and troops or the form of a:i IW.W. uprising in a I Western mining town. So far the Gregory siogan of Sanity and Vigilance has brought these net results: The arrest of about 300 enemy aliens for suspected anti-American activities. The organization of the most complete and intricate system of Federal secret police that the United States has ever seen. The- surveillance, mors or less thorough, of hundreds of thousands of alien enemies and suspected per-Ecn� who, because of their leanings, are potential spies. The absolute elimination, temporarily at least, of all secret communication between enemy aliens in Ihis country and the Prussian Government. Expect More "Efficiency" ^ 'Sideljt^c^ "1 TOLD THE KING" BY W. THORNE, M.P. | Labor Member oi Parliament] Says He Was Blunt to His Majesty. KING WAS CURIOUS "I Don't Think They Can Call Mc an Autocrat," Said the King. (The follnwini) is how Will Thome, the British l.nbor Af.7'.. fells of hia iiitervuio uilh the King, on his return from Russia.) M Sir Horace Plunkett, Chairman of the Irian Convention gtR HORACE PLUNKETT. who was unanimously selected Chairman of the Irish Convention in Dublin, at which IrlshmenyOf many factions will try to settle their differences. ^ . T HARDEN TALKS YET AVOIDS JAIL German Newspaper Man Seems to Be Only Hun Able to Do It. IS VERY ILLOGICAL He Defends the Worst Brutalities and Then Attacks German Government for Its Acts. T HKRE may be an iron censor- violent deeds In- tWe-war and in his denunciation of the goals of her imperialistic policy*, yet, only six years ago, he saidnhat England could avoid war with, Germany by getting Germany to consent'to her control of the sens In exchange for her letting Germany overrun the'small nations of Europe. This line  of thought was again followed by Harden when the German armies burst into Belgium. At that time he wrote in Die Zukunft regarding the.land of King Albert: "There never was a more righteous war than this one which has crushed her, never one which conferred greater benefits on the conquered. Germany wants no French or Russian territory." Harden also justified the execu- ship in Germany, but it has j tion of Edith Cavell, saying: not yet silenced Maximilian Harden. In almost every issue of his paper, Die Zukunft, there has been one of his broadsides, lashing everything and everybody whom Germans "Whoever adds to our army's danger must never hope to be spared. War is.not piny nor pastime; it is rough work." But in the course of the article In | represented revere, from the Kaiser dov.-n, and I which he Wrote those words he flung THIS last accomplishment, the anti-spy workers assert emphatically, has been achieved But they decline to guarantee a permanent disruption ofGerman spy communications. They are prepared to find new evidences of Germany efficiency every day, and they expect to deal with them summarily. But from the Attorney-General down they declare that the servants of the Kaiser who are doing their serving in the United States just now are doing little reporting these days. As a matter of fact, the Attorney-General and his anti-spy force look upon the transmission to Germany of military information of any value from the. l.'nited States as a practical Impossibility. They are much " more con-i-erned over German plans for causing internal /lijjturbances.  They have ��sifted the Communication problem town this way: Laborious and thorough investiga-.ions have completely disproved the ' startling and alarming stories of ivireless transmission of Information 'o Germany. A good-sized crew of Investigators went at these stories, led from Halifax to the Panama _:'.nal they chased the elusive "secret wireless station." Co-operating with tin; secret service, system of Great liritalu and France, they determined that there was no wireless station or stations on land or sea on the Am-n'ican continent'or the. islands of the Atlantic, that was not.virtually under the control of the United States or her.allies. With hundreds of allied ihlps and shore stations "listening In" on all radio messages that tilt through the air, the epy chasers �'�'. tured themselves that there was no possibility of raising the Kaiser hj-Nlr.clej|� fro.ro. tbig iid,e of tUe ftsejWV though the Zukunft was recently suppressed this has been done before, but suppression has never been permanent up to this time. The goal of our enemies is democracy and independence for every race ripe for freedom," he said in his latest. "If Germany sees blazing over that goal the great celestial sign of the times, ttjen peace is reachable to-morrow. Over all eiuestions agreement will be achieved easily, but if that condition of things for which millions of people sigh appears to her to be Ignominious, then she must fight on until one group conquers and the other falls in exhaustion." That is the kind of thing, hurled in the teeth of Kaiser and Junker-dom and censorship, which has made Maximilian Harden the most famous, feared, admired, and hated journalist in Germany. "How does Hardun get away with it?" Some say that his Influence is so enormous, his power so great, that the German Governmc-nt does not dare to do more than periodically discipline this "enfant terrihle." Others, mindful of the uns.ivory "Round Table-'' revelations of ten years ago, recall what has been hinted in circles supposedly well informed-that Harden has evidence similar In character to that which drove some of the Kaiser's intimates into disgraceful oblivion, evidence that he would produce if persecution of him and his journal passed the hounds of perfunctory repression. "Do not force me to play my last card!" he exclaimed during the "Round Table" trial, when heckled by cross-examination. The judge retorted: "Play your trump and stop making threats." Harden did not pluy" II. But there Is a possibility that he may still have the trump up his sleeve. Nor does the similarity end there. There are contradictions in Hardcn's writings aB there as In those of Shaw. Perhaps he incurs reproaches on this score voluntarily ottt'of sheer Irreverence for the gods of consistency worshipped by the average writer. Whatever the reason may ho, a perusal of his articles reveals ' some strange things. out a number of other things which must have made the authorities in Berlin wonder whether they had better congratulate Harden for upholding the Governmen or arrest him for gibing at it. Harden is the son of a Jewish merchant. His real name is Witkowski. His impatience of restraint and convention led him, when he was 12 years old, to run away from home, and join a troupo of actors, with' whom he wandered  through small towns in the north of Germany. After a while his father got wind of his whereabouts and forcibly brought him back home, but the taste of gypsy life had thoroughly delighted the wild boy, and a few years later he left college and became an actor. For seven years he stayed on the stage. He gave up the stage when he realized that the road to fame for him lay elsewhere. Journalism tempted him while he was yet little more than a boy. y summons to the King came quite suddenly. On returning home from a meeting on a recent Monday I found these words wired by the Prime Minister: "Very urgent: come and see me at four to-day, 10 Downing Street- Lloyd George." I did not go to Downing Street until the following morning, when, interviewed by Mr. Lloyd George/I hen*fl him say: "By-the-bye. the King wants to see you." That was at 10.10 a.m. At 10.30 I found myself at Buckingham Palace, where Lord Stamfordham conducted me into the King's presence. Before I got to the large room where the King sat, which overlooks the Queen's statue, I took care to inquire what ceremonial behavior I must observe. "None at all," replied Lord Stamfordham. So, without more ado, I went straight to the King in my v. rklng clothes, and with my buttonhole trimmed by the shield badge of the Union, and one flag from a Hag day. He got up to shake hands with me. "I am pleased to see you, Mr. Thome," said His Majesty, adding: "Sit down; tell me all about Russia." Some Straight Truth* EPLYI.NG to the King, I said that I was pleased to see him. I then went straight ahead with our talk, which, together with the King's share, lasted thirty minutes. We omitted details on any subject; time only allowed for general discussion, and mostly concerned Russia. I know one thing. 1 let the King hr.ve the strnightcst truths from open speech that ever he^ieard! Fir.-it. I set his mind at rest about the likelihood of Russia making separate peace. * I let the King know that the holding up of foodstuffs contributed one of the chief causes in a revolution that peasantry revolting, through means of peasant soldiers, against grievances mainly affecting peasants. At this juncture the King told me what industrial disturbances had taken place here during my absence; in reply I said that Russians and British alike protested against inequality that marked distribution of foodstuffs. I said that bo'h countries' peasantry suffered bravely and willingly, provided justice ameliorated their sufferings." Then I added, "We have hero constitutional government which permits the will of the people to be enforced." Smiling, the King answered: "Well, Mr. Thorne, I don't think anyone can call me an autocrat, do you?" Then, we got on to other matters associated with my recent - visit to Russia. I emphasized this- fact that when on our outward journey no pro- TURK'S TREASURES WORTH $3,000,000, The v Sultan Has a Throne* of Beaten Gold and Emer* ; aids Galore. HIDDEN IN VAULTS There are Big Doings When the Sultana Gives a > Banquet. I I Louis Raemakers, the Famous Dutch Cartoonist, Now in America SPECIALLY posed photograph of Louis Raemakers, the famous Dutch cartoonist, taken in New York on arrival in America. Raemakers' car-, toons have been ltcognized as n factor In moulding public opinion of many of the neutral and belligerent countries. HO is passionately pro-ally and his pictures in their behalf have created for him a feeling of deep appreciation and admiration. QUEER RENTS PAID BY TENANTS OF HIS MAJESTY Duke cf Wellington Pays a Tiny Napoleonic Standard-Bucket of Snow, Roses, Bowl of Porridge, and Faggots are Other "Rents." HISTORIAN OF WAR J^AMILIAR to everybody as the creator of Sherlock Holmes, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle is destined to achieve lasting lame as the historian of. this war. Since the outbreak of hostilities Sir Arthur has been busily occupied in writing n,"popular history of the campaign in the western theatre of war. It is being published month by month in a London magazine. Often Contradicts Himself HIS antagonism to the Kaiser, for instance, started, it seems, because of Harden's extravagant admiration lor Bismarck, the incarnation of German autocracy, with whom the editor of Die Zukunft was on terniB of intimacy. Frank as ho has , ,�-, .Osep in crl.Ucl^ng Getaway, for her j fcc w.ii,-_a!^*?i ^SJ^ X June ISth, the date of Waterloo, tho Duke of Wellington paid King George the rent for Strathfieldsayo, the estate presented to the Iron Duke for his groat victory. The "rent," duly entered in the King's rent-book, is n miniature Napoleonic standard, which will rest Tor a year in the Guard Room at Windsor above the bust of Wellington. The owner of the Foulis estates, in Scotland, pays rent to tho King for these lands by sending him a bucketful of snow every year. As lien Nevis the highest mountain in Ilritaln, is handy, and ns snow lies on it sometimes the whole year round, anl always will into summer, a small bucketful' can generally be obtained? On tho other hand, the tenant of Crendon, in Bucks, has to send a garland of roses to tho.King as rent for his estate every year. Doubtless ho does tho thing well-roses piled 'jp and running over. It Is more than probable that tho Queen looks forward to this rose rent day! The lord of the Manor of Adding-ton has one of the most comical rents of all to pay, and if the King ever looks down hi:; rent roll he must bo hugely tickled, especially in theso days of food shortage. The rent is a bow! oi" porridge. As the King is said not" to appreciate porridge, perhaps the rent is winked at! The holder or tho Corbet estates undertakes to provide the King with a flitch of bacon during the whole time he is leading his troops in person. He has thus escaped rent since Gcorgo II. led at Dcttingen, for, though doubtless George V. would gladly load his armies tci battle, ho knows it to be far wiser to leave it to the experts. A short time n.-ro the King's slock of fuel was Increased by the addition of two faggots. These came from the Corporation of London as rent for certain lands. The City remembrancer had duly to a I lend at the Law Courts! with the faggots and got a quit-receipt for them. But tho funniest of all rents on tho King's rent-book Is the one which insists on the holders of certain lands down Dover way holding iho King's head when he is seasick! As King George, like his great uncle, William IV., Is a sailor King, and has travelled farther, by thousands of miles, than any monarch cither of this or any other age. it is not likely that he will call on anybody to pay his curious rent To do that necessitates drawing off thousands of German troops from the west. On the other hand, Russian offensive seemed imminent; its success might terminate this war at the end of the year. i said that fraternltj between Rus-tection secured our vessel from tor-isian and German troops began not pedo attack; progressing at 15 knots j long ago in ono quarter of the hourly in a very old vessel, we had to j trenches; however, this friendliness go much out of our course to avoid I quickly became transformed into ani-submarines. Stopping at Bergen, jmosity when counteracted by vicious Norway, 1 noticed how numerous j influences. German spies hung about the port | Before. I left tho Palace the King with the object of following us all over the place. What I Told the Russians LATER, I told the King, when we were freed from danger of espionage at Petrograd, tve spoke on behalf of the British people to congratulate Russians on the revolution. �xnd the triumph of Representative Government. We told assembled crowds that Britons intended to prosecute this war till militarism was j crushed, and France and Belgium rid j of the invaders. I then told tho King what questions, concerning England's policy name uppermost from the lips.of the Russian people. I told his Majesty how often, "When are they going to grant Homo Rule to Ireland?" was asked on every side. I told him that Russians asked what England's alms and objects really were in this war; whether India would obtain democratic Government; if Mesopotamia and the German colonies would be annexed; also whether Constantinople and '.ho Dardanelles would bo given to Russia'.' I assured the King that I confirmed England's disinterested spirit in this war by all I said to the Russian people. The nusslans heard again that England asked no annexation of territory,' but required' payment. from Germany for all devastation caused by'.GoVman invasion. Conversing further � on Russia's share In this war, 1 said that, 111 my opinion, Germany: would not ^saaia absume th#''offensive against Xussia, riueslinncd me on my views regarding the labor crisis in tills country. Rapid dissolution of all troubles would jc-cur, I assured the King, provided .he people were treated by humane methods. For instance, if the Prime Minister allowed lesser skilled trades a:fl crnft unions to be adequately represented , on the new commission, fewer strikes would occur. Much trouble arises through authorities behaving casually toward wage-earners. Prohibition Would Fail 1REMINDED tho King that the card system of exemptions worked out unfairly for the laboring classes. Men doing tho same work failed to get equal treatment. Whether i :-emptlons should bo granted or not ojglit to depend on the olass of work employing the time of the laborer. Reverting ugaln to the food question, I advocated the trial of the family book. If porsons restricted their custom to particular shops whose re-tall stock was known to their customers, then each individual could receive specified amounts as stated In their books. Before I left tho Palaco I told Lord Stamfordham-who doubtless conveyed this news to ..ho King-that total prohibition In this country can bring only disaster to its advocates. WILL THORNE. CUT AN EARL rjM-IE Duchess of Newcastle, in nddl tion to being an indefatigable war-worker, a highly successful dog fancier, and an exceedingly skilful horsewoman, Is also one of the lending authorities on the names, titles, and family history generally of the British aristocracy. Discussing one day recently the traps lor tho unwary presented by the curious pronunciation of somo old English and Scotch names, the Duchess told nn amusing story concerning the title of the Earls of Cassills. which is sounded much as If spell "Castles." The wife of a wealthy manufacturer, then just pushing her way Into society, was giving a ball at her London residence, and while talking to her guests she noticed a quiet-looking man whom she did not recognize. She walked up to h!m and asked him who ho was. "My name .Is Cassills, madam," ho replied, for It was Earl Cassills, 'the son and heir of the Marquis of Allsa. "I know no one of that name!" said his hostess.rather severely. "You are here without nn invitation." The young man bowed and Immediately loft the house, but upon returning home ho sent hla card of invitation to the lady! N the Green Vaults of the Ports , lies hidden away what is perhaps ) the greatest treasure In the world, collected for centuries by Turkey's greedy rulers and hoarded away from the gaze of any Inquisitive mortal. No one has ever been ablo to cstimato the value of the Sultan's ' jewels, for the treasures are guarded i, day and night. There aro at least ,f>OQ,000 a year-and has tho right to ask for more fhould his privy purse run short, Tho treasury of useless wealth hoardod away in tho Green Vaults, *lf converted into cash and used for nntional purposes, would transform the miserable Ottoman Emplro into ono of the richest powers In the world. PATRIOTIC OAItDEJilltt. MARKET gardener toljl tho Hampton tribunal thai: lit had "scrapped' $:i,000 worth of chrysanthemums In order to urow $250"worth ot potatoes ONE NAME FOR ALL STORY Is going tho rounds concerning the Inquiry Instituted by Lord Devonport into tho best method of chocking extravnganco in restaurants and hotels. Amonst tho many witnesses called before the committee was a certain stolid-looking waiter. Tho particular article cf food under discussion at tho moment happened to ho margarine, and ono of the members asked incl-. dentally: � "Flow do you call It In the restaurant business-'margarine' or 'marjor-Ino' ?" "Neither, sir," blandly replied the JVMtor} "we call it buttorl" TOO MANY ORDERS QOMMOUORK TYRWHITT, tho hero of the recent exciting "scrap" In the North Sea, was telling a rather gooa story the other day about two ladles ho overheard discussing a. certain admiral. * Tho distinguished officer In question, it. should bo explained, Is very popular both at homo and abroad, consequence of which he continually receives some new decoration or other with which to plaster his broad chest. "But Isn't he getting fat?" exclaim- � edone of the ladies. "Why, ho soems to he putting on flesh dally." "Welt, my dear, what can you e*> pecf'."' said the other, indy leproaoh* fully. "Thu poor man has got to 4> something to find loom lor all htf i new Orders." ' i i ;