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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 8, 1910, Lethbridge, Alberta Tile Lethbrldge Pally Herald, Monday. August Page 11 ___ The Popular Lumber Yards THINK IT OVER- We sell the best Lumber and Building Material that money can buy, at the lowest possible prices. TRY US! THE PIONEER LUMBER CO. Round Street Phone 763 Westminster Road Phone 1063 Yards at Lethbridge N. Taber Bow Island Milk River High River Claresholm Nanton Granum Carmangay Barons Kipp Jet. MINISTER OF INTERIOR SEES JORTH COUNTRY FOR HIMSELF Hon. Frank Oliver Returns To Starting Point From Trip To Yukon Via the Mackenzie River Route Edmonton, Aug. Frank Oli returned to the city on Wednes from a trip to the Yukon, via the Mackenzie river route, the return trip toeing made via -the coast. Mr. Oliver left Edmonton on June '2, and after travelling in turn by stage, canoe, steamer, scow, and on foot, reached Dawson on July 19. Leav :ing there on the 21st ult, he complet- the round trip to Edmonton in ftwo days over the two months. Made Fast Trip. Two days were occupied in getting Tto the Landing -by wagon. After a spent there, the Minister, with private secretary, and two boat- 'onen, left in a canoe, reaching the "Grand Rapids in two days. Here they overtook Inspector. Tremaine, of the H. B. Co., who had left the Land- ing before them. The two canoes put into an empty scow and the party ran the rapids to Fort McMur- :ray, reaching there in a day and a half "From Fort McMurray Mr. Oliver's par- proceeded by canoe to Fort Chip- leaving Inspector Tremaine at Three days were occu- pied in this part of the journey. At Fort Chipewyan the party caught Col- Fraser's steamer, reaching Smith in JLO 'uEys irom day having been spent at Grand Ra-1 pids, and a day and a half at McMur ray. Down the Mackenzie. Driving to Fort Smith, the party took Hislop Nagle's steainer, Eva, to Fort Resolution, on Great -Slave Lake. Here-they transferred to the R. C. mission steamer, St. Marie "which took them to the Arctic Red Hiver, the" most northerly mission of that church. At the Red River a steam launch of the H. B. Co. was se- cured, which towed the canoe down the 'Mackenzie, and up the river to Fort McPhersonl Walked Across the DivFde. At Fort McPherson the canoe jour- ney east of the mountains ended. Here were found two canoemen sent over by the Mounted police from Daw- son to meet the party. Packers were engaged to carry the supplies, and the tramp across to Lapierre's j house on the Bell river .was made in 'our and a half days. The distance s 60 miles. The mountains at this point are very low, the summit of the pass being only feet above sea level. Travelling over the pass had to be done "at is, when the sun was lowest in the there the party were in the land of the midnight sun. In the middle of the day the heat was great. At Lapierre's house, two canoes I were met, and two more men who had come down by gasolene launch from Uawson. The launch had returned, leaving the canoes and men to await Mr. Oliver's arrival. The party pro- ceeded in canoes down the Peel and Porcupine rivers to Fort Yukon, at the junction of the Porcupine and Yu- kon. Missing a steamer (here by two hours, the party were delayed there two days, waiting for another up- bound froom .St. Michael's to Dawson. bound from St. Michael's to Dawson on July 19. Wanted to Get'Acquainted. Interviewed :oy the Bulletin, Mr. Oli- ver said there were two main reasons for the trip: One was that he might personal and first-hand informa- tion as to the north country and its capabilities as a field for settlement. With the rush of. settlement to the southern part of tie Great West 'Land land the certainty that this rush will it was only a matter of time till the free homestead land there available was exhausted. In view of that he deemed it well to familiarize himself with the country -beyond the present area of settlement; to get a personal viewpoint as to how far north conditions womd permit of pro- fitabls settlement and to see for him- self what there was to offer there as j inducement for settlers when the time j came that free land could not be of- fered in the tract now available. There are two "north" countries: One is the district along the Peace; the other that in the Mackenzie basin. Both could not be visited in the time at his disposal. tHe had, therefore, taken the longer'trip first Will Improve Athabasca River. Another reason 'was that the Dom- inion government is about to make expenditures for the improvement of navigation on the Athabasca." He thought it well, .therefore, to go north and see for himself what were the needs of improvement and the possi- bilities of the waterway as an artery of commerce. "Climatic said Mr. Oli- ver, "do not seem to change with the distance northward at all as- rapidly as is ordinarily supposed. It is im- possible, of course, to say how far north the system of agriculture com- mon, in the West can .be profitably carried on, but it is equally impossible to say .that .beyond that it is not pos- sible to farm successfully. Potatoes and garden produce are grown suc- cessfully as fax as Fort Good Hope, just south of the Arctic circle, and oats and .barley are cultivated as far north as Fort Simpson. "Along the Athabasca, as far as Lake Athabasca there seems to be no difference practically in climatic con- ditions from those prevailing at Ed- monton. In. fact, Vermillion in the Peace River, which is established as a grain producing district, is in about the same latitude as Lake Athabasca. "At present, of course, tue great item of produce from the Mackenzie basin is fur. Agriculture aside, am- ong the more immediate possibilities eoun.tiy are the development of its timber and fish resources. "Though large forests of merchant- j able spruce are not frequently found, there is a great deal of this valuable timber in the country. Fires have tended to replace the spruce forests by poplar. Along the Athabasca the charred remains of large spruce trees are found on land standing thick with a growth of young poplar. The ne- cessity of active measures to prevent the further destruction of the spruce timber is evident. "From Fort Good Hope to Fort Yu- kon our trip lay within the Arctic cir- cle, a distance of 700 miles. Here on the upper part of the -delta of the Mac kenzie, and along the Peel river there is a large quantity of excellent spruce. West of the divide, on the Porcupine, there is a good growth of though it is of pulpwood rather than milling dimensions. Salt and Tar Deposits "I saw the salt springs near Fort Smith. There salt of good quality is piled like banks ur snow; the de- posit left as the water from the spring j has. evaporated. "West from Fort Norman .there is said to be a large deposit of rock salt. "Tar sand outcrops along: the banks 'of the Athabasca, .both above and be- low Fort McMurray. Also at Fort Good Hope I saw liquid tar which had been dug out of the ground and brought in for caulking 'boats. Waugh 'Party Coming Out 1 "The Wa-ugft party which, last year took a Stamp ffiill north to -be operat- ed on a claim on the Peel river; reach- ed their destination all right. The men in the party, however, were not experienced miners. MJ-. -Waugh came out some time since, leaving the party there and intending .to re- turn with some miners. However, the Police party which came in from Daw- son to Fort McPherson brought word that lie bad suicided in Chicago. The, party were, accordingly, preparing to leave, and are lively now on the way out. (The two Waurb. brothers were in the party. Conditions in the Yukon. "Conditions in the Yukon seem to have settled more into normal than was the case five years ago. Then there was an atmosphere of uncertain- ty as to the future. This seems to have been replaced by a considerable degree of confidence. Capital. Las gone into the country largely and has been put into large mining enterprises which show a fair profit This has tended to establish confidence in .the district as one of permanently success ful operations, and the success already attained is expected to still further generous investment' "Many of the lesser placer mining fields are now being worked by im- proved methods with success. "At White Horse an American com- pany have bought a copperjclaim, pay- ing some half million dollars for it The White Pass railway has built a spur twelve "miles long to the mine, and the company has guaranteed the railway to.ship out 200 tons of ore daily for a term of years. Prepara- tions to begin shipment are now be- ing made. 'The silver and lead mining opera- tions near Careross, midway between White Horse and Skagway, are pro- gressing very well. Considerable ore been shipped in the past and ar- rangements are way to begin" shipping again from the Venus mine. long the Coast. "Skagway seems to have suffered something of a depression, and busi- ness is not as active there as a few years ago. "At Prince Rupert wasre w- a large number of good buildings have been erected, both residences and business blocks. The city is preparing i to begin permanent improvement of the streets. Steel has been laid" for a hundred miles east and grading is being rushed beyond that point., It is expected 150 miles of track will be completed by the end of the, year. "Vancouver and Victoria seem to be prospering and making: good head- way." UNITED WIRELESS FRAUD. Seven Officers of the Company Have Been Indicted. New York, Aug. officers of the United Wireless Telegraph com- pany, most of whom had been prev- iously arrested, were indicted by a fed- eral grand jury-to-day on two counts charging conspiracy to defraud by the use of the United States mails, he other charging conspiracy in de-: rising a scheme to induce investors to buy worthless stocks. Those indicted are President Chris- topher Columbus Wilson, Vice Presi- dent Samuel Bogart, Secretary W. W. Tompkins, Fiscal Agent George, H. Parker, General Manager C. ,G. Gal- braitb, Treasurer W. A, Dibolt and Francis Butler, counsel and director ot the company. The .provincial asylura at Ponoka not be ready for patients until Inert spring. Tie assessment ux is with exemptions running over The net gain in assessment Is over a year ago. Reports from Columbia ,say 'that the salmon catch is four times greater- than last year, due to' the'ex-" cellent work accomplished by the fish hatcheries on the Praser River and tributaries. Put This in Your Diary Now RIGHT HONORABLE PREMIER OF CANADA ;