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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - August 4, 1917, Lethbridge, Alberta pkmm THE LKTl(BI\mr.R DAILY HERALD SATURDAY, AUGUST 4,MM The Potato Pen Burlington, Vt.-Forty-two bushels of potatoes in the season o{ 1916 from n plot of ground only S tool square, or an equivalent of over 28.000 bushels to the aero of ground space used, was the feat of R. 13. Hendricks, a resident of Kansas City, Mo., says II. M. i Ceorgo in the Free Press. This achievement was made possible by the use of an entirely new and original method which, when generally introduced, promises not only to revolutionize the potato growing industry throughout the world but to solve the problem of an unfailing source of cheap food supply for the nations of the earth. Mr. Hendricks had often watched the potato pile in the cellar bin, which every spring sent out its shoots through every possible crack and crevice. Sometimes these sprouts would crawl out along the floor a distance of seven feet in order to reach the light'. From this beginning he conceived the idea that if this pile was removed out into the open and given soil and fertilizer, the potatoes would grow and multiply. Three years ago he built what he catled a "potato pen", which was nothing more or less than a huge potato hill, the sides of which were supported by a loosely constructed inclosure. built after the fashion of an old rail fence. Within this enclosure, only S x 8 feet In size, he planted his potatoes in thin layers of dirt and dressing, piling one loyer on another until the pen was eight feet high. The "potato "pen became a mound of green. He had found that his potatoes not only grew better than they did In the cellar but that at the digging time ha was able to harvest 40 bushels of as fine potatoes as are grown anywhere. The following year he got 32 bushels in the same sized pen, and last year the total of 42'bush-els. Vp to this time Mr. Hendricks has conducted his experiments unknown to but a few of his most intimate associates, but owing to the present food shortage, and the nation-wide campaign to speed up food production, he decided to give up his discovery for the free use ot people everywhere. The details of the construction and ananapement of these "potato pens," Traction Engine REPAIRS We are well equipped to handle all kinds of repair work on either steam or gas tractors. Only high clasa work leaves our shop, and we will quote you prices that are right. NIVEN BROS. 216 First Ave. �. Phone 1732 ns described by Mr. Hendricks, outline a plan by which anyone UaviiiK access to n plot of ground no larger i than a flower-bed, can raise all tin-potatoes needed for an average family for a whole year. The potato pens may bo built eight feet wido by any! length, just so they aro built strong' enough to keep the sides from spreading. Most any kind of good stout ntii-terial can be used. If light lumber or boards are used the pen may be braced through tho center with wires. Rich earth must be on hand in sufficient quantities to fill the pen to the top. The potato pen Is built fi x S feet, inside measurement and is 6 feet j high. The pen is built ns each layer is placed and planted. You can use I x C inch boards for the ends ami sides, leaving a 2',2-incli space between the boards for the potato sprouts to conic through. Ptart the pen with a six inch layer of dirt. Then mark off tho plat a foot apart each way, allowing six inches of space for dirt all around between the outer row ot potatoes and the inside of the pen. Plant a potato seed at every cross line or Intersection of the plat, eight hills (o the layer of dirt. Then put an inch or two of dressing over the potatoes and sprinkle good with water. Then lay six inches more ot dirt, mark off as before, plant, use dressing and water again. Repeat this operation with enough layers to fill the pen to tho top. To Vee^, the dirt from failing out of the pen as the layers are placed,  draw up old straw or hay against tho cracks and crevices. As the pen rises, place on tho fourth layer of dirt in tho center of one side, about two feet abovo the ground, a "moist tester." This is made of any pleco of timber about tho size of thei arm, a piece ot I i 4-inch by 3 feet long, placed so it will protrude from the pen about a foot. After the pota-. toes have been planted three weeks loosen the tester, pull out and run your hand in to determine the moisture. ' By so doing you will know how much water to use on the pen. After the tester has been once removed this can be repeated once or twice a week.j Watch the tester and keep the dirt In proper condition. The pen should be near a water supply so that it can be well watered during dry weather. ' It should bo watered from the top about twice a week unless rainfall is sufficient. The "moist tester" will always enable the grower to determine the proper moisture conditions. The top layer of dirt should be sloped gently toward the center so the ground will absorb and not shed rain, but care should be taken that mud be prevented from forming on top and baking to a crust. When the earth is dry the mound should be sprinkled on the top and sides. The potato vines will grow to the top and sides of t he-pen (the nearest way to the light), emerging through the crevices and concealing the tim-ber3 Wlth,_a coat'.of green. When the potatoes.are matured the pen may be taken down, the.potatoes rolled out of the thirl covering'with a rake, and the material dirt and dressing saved and used again and again. Keeping of Poultry Potato pens may be started ns early and ns late as possible, gtving potatoes !>0 days to mature, except the early ones. Tho usual time of planting potatoes in the north is from March to June, but under this method I A well-nigh perfect  handbook on the potatoes may be planted much lat-itho keeping, brecdltiR and raising cr than Is possible under open Hold | poultry, whether in a large way or a onditlons, where the factor ot hot, | amall wny. has- been issued by tho dry weather must always bo taken Into consideration. With irrigation nnd every possible condition of goon potato" growing-moisture, ventilation ami drainage-always under his control, the grower is practiculiy certain of his crop. Pf eserve the Eggs Dominion Department or Agriculture. Tho titlo of tho work is "Poultty- Keeplng In Town and Country" and Its official stylo Is Hullctln No. 89 of tho Division of Poultry, tho Dominion Poultry Husbandman, .Mr. F. C. El-ford, being tho author. In his introduction to the 48 pages of which the bulletin consists, Mr. Klford points out. that poultry Is suited to all conditions, takes a small outlay to start an interest In. makes regular returns, finds a good market, Is cheap to feed, can bo made profitable ns a side line, nnd then proceeds to describe the (Experimental Farms Notol Tho Indications aro that eggs will �nrd� i�rw�nT^tOIA *�Z w,',"" � Ie? ' i"�i,I�''8"Vlwufrt he followed", and were last winter, so those who want, ,,c reqlliremen(g , b:l(,fcvar(I( farm, Do not use oats, bra,, salt of JZatag. so simple and effective had better I ^ ff' " �Uc1 ;, sc!fCt �" of be adopted with caution. Uetter use 1 ,c ,!rl-Pl, . n'Ji i "f IT' r6ar" zzr^Lzrbeeutr,cd a,,a t^huS: ^ralntro, Frank T. Shutt, I J*T *XTt Dominion Chemist, iime water is one ,eke? an^ LIhhP . f � E ,n.,botll of the be, preservatives n�dI we ouote the following trom his Exhibition . tionlUlv wWo ,m(md {(Jr th(s Circular >'o. 42. Tho method of preparation is simply to slake ono pound good Quick lime with a small Quantity of water and then stir the milk of lime so formed into 5 gallons of water. After the mixture has been kept well stirred for a few hours it is allowed to settle. The supernatant liquid, which is now "saturated" limewater, Is drawn off and poured over tho eggs, previously placed in a crock or water-tight barrel. As exposure to the air tends to precipitate tho lime (as carbonate), and thus to weaken the solution, the vessel containing tho eggs slio'ikl be kept covered. The air may be excluded by a covering ot sweet oil, or by sacking upon which a paste of lime is spread. If, after a timo there is aay noticeable precipitation of the lime, the lime-water should bo drawn or siphoned off and replaced with a further quantity newly prepared; General Precautions Necessary to Take. It is essential that attention be paid to the following points: 1. That perfectly fresh eggs only be used. . tin, which can be had froe by applying to the Publications Branch of tho Department of Agriculture, Ottawa. FARMING OF SHELL-TORN LAND IS FRANCE'S PROBLEM Cultivation of Thousands of Acres Laid Waste by Artillery Fire Question of Moment. Paris. July 21-For the ruined gar-' dens and nurseries of the French territory which has been evacuated by the German armies, it has been an nounced that France will do tho re building, the United States will the furnishing, and England will supply Implements and seeds. Before all this-even for the present summer wherever it may be possible-it is : urgent that the wasted farm land I should be got into condition and be-! gin producing. There has never been ' a more thrifty and laborious farming people than the French-and ail- of I them who are left available are only j too anxious to get to work. But there i are no villages, and no houses left j where their and the soil. Is ! in a state which no farmer ever saw before. Americans have been plan-That the eggs should thorough- j ning-very practically-how to re-out the whole period of preservation j build quickly all these homes, but it be completely immersed. Although not necessary to the preservation of tho eggs in a sound con- will take time. Great Problems Faced How can all this wasted land dition a temperature ot 40 to 45 de> ] brought under cultivation at once ;graes will no doubt materially assist ; towards retaining good flavor so of-ten characteristic of packed eggs. Respecting the addition of salt, it must be stated that otic eiperiments -conducted now: throughout "-'fifteen seasons-do not show-toft benefit to be. derived therefromi indeed, salt frequently imparts a-limeyflavor; to the egg, probably by inducing an, interchange of the fluids within and without tho egg. Our advice is, do not add salt to the lime-water. this summer and tlio coming autumn? This Is a" question which ought "to interest many. Americans-for they may be able to give Immediate help Arid their help will enable French "farmers to get to work and produce food for themselves a year sooner than might be otherwise possible. Hdnri Hltier, who is a membf"' of tho superior council ot agriculture of France, is just bark from a tnorougu Investigation of the state of the land. This is a short summary ot his an- land-but what Is it like? M. Hitler divides it roughly Into threo regions .or cones, ns war has loft it. i The battle zone was; freed in the: Inst few months-rhtid it' Is a desper-hte chaos. Everywhere, like wfdb deep funnels, arc the excavations made by tho big, shells of heavy caution. Between these there are the holes dug by thousands of ordinary shells nB they fell and exploded-or, perhaps, did not explode, for that, too has to bo taken Into account when .fa-.'mhig begins again. And covering nil the soil is tho scrap iron and metal hhll and dust covering on the good soil from torrents of shrapnel and bullets flred In battle. What nro yon going to do with such land? Nothing-until engineers can go over it with tractor plows and siftors and levelors tho like of which have perhaps not yet been invented. The second or intermediate zono Is that of tho excavation and retreat, which was fought over here and there but not so universally nor for eo long n time. Here, there is more solid son between the shell holes; and whore there urc big funnel holes, grass is already growing as in little valleys. There, snys M. Hitler, you can pas-turo sheep. ' '"! still to the rear there is tho third zono-and the most interest ing for immediate cultivation. Here the soil is not so revolutionized, with only now and then remains of old trenches and barbed wire barriers, which can easily bo done away with. Of this third zono there aro thousands and thousands of acres stretching away like our prairies, now that the human habitations which once filled them aro gone. It is a vast prairie -and here, says M. Hitler, something can and must be done. Now, what cannot be done-at least, not for the present year-Is to rebuild villages and houses and sugar mills. But the ground can be cultivated now. First, tho peasants and farm hands do must have some sort of a shelter put up tor thorn. Tents would do it nothing else can be had. Tools Are Needed Second, farm tools and all the agricultural implements which tho ruthless Invader either carried off or destroyed before retreating must be re-jlaced. For these poor farmers, such tools and implements represent a working capital of $150 an acre of his wasted land. And then he must have plowing cattle-horses or oxen or cows, for theso, too, are profiting for the inevitable women's rights movement. The French government is already at work trying to help the inhabitants of this region to go back to their land, which is all that is left them But rieht away, concludes M. Hitler, hay might be cut on thousands of acres-and there are thousands of acres for the pasturing of sheep and cattle. And there are other thous-,-.!,. ,( n,.rps nt which work should bo begun-so that they may be sewn in autumn or, at latest, in the spring for next year's crops. As soon as the German armies began retreating, nearly three years ago, after the battle of the Marne, English Quakers set to work in France to build temporary houses for those who had been made homeless. Their work be PUBLIC SALE HAVING SOLD MY FARM AND MOVCO TO TOWN I WILL SSLL TO THE HIGHEST BIOOER At my Farm 8. E. % 18-10-22, West of 4th, 3 miles north of Kipp on Thursday, August 9 AT 10 O'CLOCK SHARP, THE FOLLOWING DESCRIBED PROPERTY, VIZ*. 86 HEAD OF STOCK 86 18 milch cows, some to be fresh this fall; 20 good spring catoaa; 12 Rood 2-year old steers; 6 2-year old heifers; 6 1-year old heifers; 3 yearling steers; 3 bay geldings, 4 years old; 1 bay gelding, 3 years old; 1 bay mare, 4 years old; 1 black gelding; 1 pair black geldings, well matched. 2200 lbs.; 1 sorrel saddle horse, 1100 lbs.; 1 gray saddle horse, 1100 lbs.; 1 bay gelding, 6 years old, 1200 lbs.; 1 gray maro, 9 years old, 1000 lbs., broke in all harness; 1 black pony, 4 years old; 1 gray golding, 6 years old, broke to harness; 1 team, 4 yoars old; 1 black gelding ,6 years old, 1500 lbs.; 1 brown gelding, 7 years old, 1600 lbs.; 1 brown golding, 7 years old. 1350 lbs.; 1 gray gelding, 7 years old, 1450 lbs.; 1 gray gelding, 7 years old, 1350 lbs.; 1 bay mare, 8 yearB old. Also the following Farm Machinery: 1 Massey-Harrls binder, nearly new; 1 mower and rako In good repair; 1 now John Deore 12 inch gang plow; 1 Imperial 12 Inch gang plow; 1 Van Brunt double disc drill, good as new; 1 4-sectlon lever harrow; 1 good packer; 1 metal iron roller; 1 good Blssel disc; 4 good Bain farm ivagons; 4 hay racks; 1 now platform scale; 1 water tank, pump and hose; 1 democrat, nearly now; 5 sets good double work harness; 1 set single harness; 1 tanning mill; 1 scalding pot; 28 barrel galvanized cistern, pump and zinc complete; 1 double disc plow; 1 buggy pole, grindstone, forks," shovels and other articles too numerous to mention. Also a full lino of household furniture including a solid mahogany parlor BUite. TERMS OF SALE-Half cash, balance due November 1st, 1917, purchaser giving note with approved aecurity bearing 8 par cent, interest from date. 6 per cent discount for cash on ersdlt amount*. FREE LUNCH AT NOON A. L. PATTER80N, OWNER L. I. NICHOLSON, Auctioneer, Phons 1053 COLD STORAGE ARCHITECTURE. CUTYOUR GRAIN Pull Your Sheaf-Loader, Haul Your Coal, Grain or Hay swer to the question:; , .. .. . Take the department of the Somme, nBS become endless. It is said that To meet an ever-increasing demand for information respecting the construction of ice houses and small cold storage systems for farmers, country ul0I!lk^epe"' mllk. Probers, Jiotel- I with "choice cattle" raising6"'Norland - . ln France wag more {ertj]e Today, the land is left-but that is which has been fought over in every direction, and where there are now immense tracts of farming land freed from the invader. Before the war, | every foot of this land bore a crop | of wheat or fodder or sugar beets WITH A STAUDE-MAK -A-TRACT0R Four Horses ,for the Price of One (200 ON HAND AT CALGARY NOW) $295 and a Ford IN GOOD CONDITION MAKES A GUARANTEED FARM TRACTOR WHICH WILL TAKE THE PLACE OF FOUR 1600-LB. HORSES 24 HOURS PER DAY. WILL NOT HARM YOUR FORD. IF YOUR AGENT DOES NOT HANDLE THEM, WRITE OR PHONE TO, Staude-M&k~a-Tractor Sales Co. Limited SO* ELEVENTH AVE. EAST, .CALGARY, OR John Bass, Chin, Alberta keepers, owners ot country homes and others, tho Dominion Department ; of Agriculture has Issued Bulletin No. : 19, of the Dairy Cold Storage Branch, entitled "Small Cold Storages and ' Dairy Buildings," . the immediate I sponsors for which are Mr. J. A. Rud-; dick, Dairy and Cold Sjorage Com-| mlssloner and Mr. Joseph Burgess, ! Cold Storage Inspector. The bulletin ; is a complete handbook on cold stor-, ago construction of a comparatively ' simple and inexpensive kind. Besides ; minute ' explanatory details of plans i and material required for construc-: Hon of ice houses and refrigerators, a � series ot drawings prepared by the j Architect's Branch of the Department ! of Public Works is presented, of ; which blue prints on a scale of ono ' inch to two feet can bo had free on | application to the Dairy and Cold ; Storage Commissioner, while the ; bulletin itself can he had, also free, ] by writing to the Publication Branch, ! Department of Agriculture, Ottawa, j If the information herein contained i were extensively made use of, not ; only would much waste be avoided j and financial profit accrued, but con-I siderable benefit would be derived i In health and the enjoyment ot life ! enhanced. Five different plans are ! given in tho bulletin with complete i specifications for each and a statement of quantities of ice that can be stored. about all you can say of it. AVhere there were flourishing villages,'.there is often not a vestige of thera left- not a human habitation, not a farm or farming materia!, not a trace of American Quakers are coming over to help. Perhaps American \ farmers, whose machines in the past have dealt with larger prairies-though nope harder to handle-may find a way to lend a helping hand. The land that for a thousand years gave food to this people is here-but its cultivation has to be begun all over again. The people who cultlvat-r. ,  n"f ii.-en are here, cap- able and anxious to clear and cultivate again. �fut there is no house, nor r>inw, nor seed, nor cattle to draw Unreserved Auction Sale - OF - CATTLE at Magrath on SATURDAY, AUG. 11 1917, COMMENCING AT 10.30 A.M. ABOUT 250 HEAD AS FOLLOWS About 35 head of 1-year old heifers and steers. About 116 head of heifers from 2 to 4 years old. About SO head of Z-year old stsers. About 50 head of cows In calf. These cattle are all ot good Durham stock and In good condition. Any one wanting good stock should make a special effort to attend this monster sale at Magrath on August 11th. TERMS CASH W. L. WILSON, OF LETirBRIDGE, FARM SALE AND LIVE STOCK AUCTIONEER cultivation. Oh, yes, there Js the the plow. That Is the question. MADAM STEINHEIL MARRIES LORD ABINGER PREFERENCE "You always let your wife hare the last word?" "Yes," replied Mr. Meekton: "It's better than having her so angry she won't speak to me at all."-Washington Star. 8IMPLCR CODI "In the olden days a gentleman used to call upon a lady with much for. mailty and stately ceremoay." "Well?" "Now he merely drives up and honks for her to come out."-Kansas City Journal,. PANGS OF CONSCIENCE Mark Twain was called on to speak at a club dinner, and took for his theme, "Honesty." He said when he was a boy at homo be one day saw a cartful of melons. He was only a" boy-and he was tempted, besides he liked melons. Tho opportunity was there; there was little or no risk of detection. "I Bneaked up to that cart," said Mark, "and I stole a melon. I went into a passage to domolish it. But- I had no sooner set my teeth in it than I paused; a strange feeling came over me. I came to a quick resolution. Firmly I walked up to that cart, placed the stolen melon where I got it from, and-took a ripe one!" PROVOKING "And how do you like Mr. Flubdub, girlie?" "I hardly know. He's so pleased with himself that he doesn't seem to notice my good points at all."-Louisville Courier-Journal. An Efficient Executor Losses are often caused in an Estate through the carelessness or mismanagement of the individual Executor or Administrator. This can be avoided by appointing this Company. It aeta en tho advice of counsel-la bended to carry out the Instruction* of the testator, and has experienced officers In charoa of all its departments. The TRUSTS and GUARANTEE Company Limited V CALGARY AND LETHBRIDGE Wuiiila.AdntWlatrator and Official Assigns* for the Judicial Dlstrlota of .Wnbridqav Ma'clsod, Medicine Hat, Calgary, Red Deer, SUttlor. mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm Madam Stclataii U ylU-be remembered was acqulttod by a French court of any compllcitvjji Um> tragedy that led to the death of her first husband, an artist, ln a vlllii"n,ear Paris. It was during her trial that Lord Abinger met and fell in love with her. Photo ahows+erd Ablnger and, Madam Steiuhoil photographed together, . -I. , FOR SALE Dominion Government Bonds maturing 1037 in Deiiominations of $100, $500 and $1,000 �'" ;:: at ' " $95.50 Interest Five Per Gent. > British Canadian Trust Co. ' GEO. W. ROBINSON, Maragtr ana Secretary PHONI 1S4S. CONVBEARE BLOCK LIT H BR I DOC, ALT A, ;