Internet Payments

Secure & Reliable

Your data is encrypted and secure with us.
Godaddyseal image
VeraSafe Security Seal

Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

- Page 6

Join us for 7 days to view your results

Enter your details to get started

or Login

What will you discover?

  • 108,666,265 Obituaries
  • 86,129,063 Archives
  • Birth & Marriages
  • Arrests & legal notices
  • And so much more
Issue Date:
Pages Available: 8

Search All United States newspapers

Research your ancestors and family tree, historical events, famous people and so much more!

Browse U.S. Newspaper Archives


Select the state you are looking for from the map or the list below

OCR Text

Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 10, 1917, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE SIS Tllfi ttrrYiHlVHxm "O.MJ.V HT-SIUV, APIMI. 10, (017 Additional Classified Advertising For Sule ov Kxc-lunign KOU 15) trrlsal- ed (0 acres alfalta. llnJoihy, 'balance slubblo. Nalural lake, also reservoir, 6 miles Ironi Lethfcridpe, I iiillo (roiu jooJ tfhool. My (Niuliy J4.500.00, lalllirc 19 years 6 will- Will consMtr clfar LellibriJeo trty or well locslcd dry laud. IVril. liieram, ISO! 7 Avc. S. l.elhbrldge of Alberu Securities, IJiliiioril lilk. you acre ranch Elnilra, OrcEan; 150 arros uuJer cul- tlvalfon. balance limber ind pasture; 7-room house, pood outbuilding? and "well; clelf title; will Pichango lor wheat lands, equal value, in IMh- bridge dlslrict. n. V. Ribbons Co., rhono 1151. Balmoral Dlocli- SITUATIONS WANTEP SITUATION -Man etui wife, one child 3 years, want work on farm or ranch. Eiperienced with cither Stlto wages paid and duration of service. Address K. E. Payuo .Jlanylwrriei, Alia. _ 6 "Praeilral or tuaiernlt) nurstai, DT Miss Taylor, ISlh Sc X. Lclhhrldee, or phone 690. SITUATION it want posluon on ranch. No chll dren. Experienced In taanagin either stock or wheat ranch, 1'honi J637 or call aL 123 Sth St. i SITUATION WANTED Man an WARNING! LMLESilECLE1 Tit iV nlljr ol i nunlll urrol u lcf t> iltiM tut fere lU wVe or llib'.s to jrttitnu. Kith it been iKd >t but we cm cursslTsi tcilusl Krloui NBU- bf tiklnj (hit It b> tPl'lflOI 7-im-Buk Iniw4litflj Lnjurj ll EUltalctd. Ziu-Nuk Terr UQUiail It U slronj and a( urct lima Is vsry wMh- Ins Md bpjHnj. II Is ihfKfaro cf ending Ika pain and dfr strov Ins poison la a fcfr (ore H hfils It. Zam-But not only dutroja ill ftrrrs In wound, bul tor prolectloF iora plice (rora the prm-ladeu air, iMpi oilier out. Al the ranie Hois, tie heiltng flatten o[ 7sm- Dufc are PTOT'US new sVIn -which snduilly covers the pliee, ini a complete cure If the resulL Tbera Is nolhlns to Ecler.ce. whlfb. will perform the hfatlnr. mlraslei done br-Zaru-Uufc. Thls'ls bfoiu-o of Ibe swift herbal composition ol Zarn-Buk. Ba pre- pared (or any emergency V keep- ing box always on hand. 50f. >oi. J [or 11.25. All drilfSlsts. or Zam-flat Co.. Toronlo. Seed Id stamp for postage and (rea trial box Till be Eenl jail. TO LOOK AFTER CANADA'S .THOROUGHBRED INTERESTS Leilnglon. Ki-., April Price Ile.idley today announced th !ollowinB eiecutive committee to loo' wife want wort on tne interests of tho Thorough .-where ttere are no children. Stale association la Canads io wages paid and length of job. Appl gBra, Beginning Aprii i. ion Box II. Herald. Nornmu StcParlane, Montreal, chair man; D. A. O'Mara, Montreal; Cap W. J- Press, Ottawa: Harry Gibblnf Jr., Toronlo, and Robert W. Dunes Toronto, Whea determin ed upon his co'mthllteo several daj- ago, Chairman McFarlane Tras Invite tn Lexington. He met with the boar of directors today. There was a gen eral eichange of relative to th racing situation tn Canada and In states. .Chairman HcKarlane appoln ed Xorman Morrison, sporting edito of tte Gazette, Montreal, lo be seer CITY OF LETHBRIDGE NOTICE in order lo promote the cultlvalion ,'ot gardens, boulerErds and vacant pro- perly in (ne CIlv, a mora stringent cn- lorcement of the Cily Bylaw Tespcct- ving poultry will be in order, and the 'owners of poultry within tla city lim- :ils are hereby warned io keep their ponltry confined from this date, or be suhlecf to lie penalties nnder this br- -WM. HARDY, 'Chief ot Police. NOTDICETO CREDITOKS )kk" tary of ihe Canadian commillee. LET nieiil lloum Oood I iVkom Owr Own Maelcod, AprH V, M. 0. A, irers, who art liQWiusMuv Wilt (ht> werd evertvcd it nil house when thty vUUi'd Maclcod ?t uhlle the coulrlbulloiw ero such as It ssillsfftclury or all who we're Inkrastcil, Cajit, held tho RuJIence with hJs story ot wbat our boys ro ami what arc RuHe for Iho great cause of freedom, vlotuciil men ura dolug a larg this year any previous on. Ttio large number of now hlncs sold tells" (be e Iho large acroago watch will iio and tow a, lu anticipation if i ho large [irlco and the largo kids which has made many of tho armors weahhy men. This cooipa d with the low price of laud, is great thing (or Southern Alberta. _ l.artd sales continue lo bo umde very day, (n farm lands. are busy having the transfers coin pleloO. while tho cash payments arc such as to leavo no doubt In the niimi ot the seller that lie has anj chance of havius It turned back to itn, Tho for Hie past (w days las been warm and spring-like, the cc In tho river baa gone, and now bo grass appears on the re minding one ot the- few days In whicl he will have to use Lhe lawn mower again. Farmers arc -now -being told (hut Iho road leading to or irom their farm will be made good, glvlug Ihern the Idea thai an election Is D. A. Dalu is spending Easter ivlth friends In Miss 31. of Lclhbrldgc spent Easter with ilrs. Dbwker in Maeleod. Our teaching staff have all gono to-. Calgary, to attend'-'the teachers convention. i J, Paisley, of Beaver Crcefc. 'Alberta' Is spending Easter'with his family In. Slacleod. :Jerry tells us that the Elock looks belter llUs eprlug than for many years In the past. The wiii- tcr has'been long but with plonly of feed and water. TheV are very .good condlliou. He has msny tcmpt- !IDB offers for his home' ranch, bul FO far has been able lo.resist all. If they continue I'-tbay some day be tempted lo take one, bill I cannot better myself, so why" should 1 sell, lie says. Special services ..were held in ajl the churches in -Maclcod Easter Sun- day. In the Ilornan Catholic cliurcli the sen-ice was a'n tateresiing one. n the Church of England Holy com- munion Tvas hctd early in tlie-morq- ngf while at- .onil IVoiile I'unilsK IIT ii of Ued Cross Special led. and Ttiurs. Values In Silks TOCHOOSIJ Don't Headachy, Constipated, to the matter of The Bulk Sales Act "of Alberta, Newton, Vendor, and WiHiam .Hopkins, StaifordTille; 'Alberta, 7ur- "chase'r. Notice is hereby gireri pursuaDt lo ''the'prorlsloiis oi The Bulk Sales Act of .Alberta, that, the abore mrallonEd purchased- [rom the aboTe named vendor certain goods, if ares, ajid merchandise in have p'ald or delivered loMhe .undereigned BaofUclal assignee, the pur- chase' price thereof coiusisting cf mon- ey and securities for mony as required -'By- said acL or person claiming to be enlltledjo -rzok on. the Eald mcn- and "securities (or money is re- deliver or seivd postpaid to the undersigned official assignee, on or before the 9th day of May, 1917, J 'particalars. of -his claim, verified by statutory. declaraUqn, and such vonch- as tbe nature of the case admile, a'cd etatlng whether, tie holds for bis or any. part Ihere- of, -.and putting a specified value: on -'ty" and 'securities for money are requlr- the eald acL r -The of the said vendor arc hereby" -notified to meet at the office -.'of the. British Canadian Trust COE- Block, Uethbrldge, at .the hour a.m on Friday tbe day of. April, 1917, for the -pur- pos's'Of- giTlng direcUons with refer- "cn'ce io, the disposal ol- the1 said mon- -1 Sick, With Bad. Breath and Stomach Sour. x Get a id-cent'box now. You men and women can't gel hare, headache. Is' iSufhlnK 01 n .IXaudy DLi-k U a race lorse, ami LIkq luauy ulher race tiorri' '.s lu many olher stories, succeeds lu :ellliiE a few porfecllF dltiilflivl ami lu'o uullltCDIIoiia' .The story ol Djitily Dick Is oU In that brlptil. sdnlllliitlus little, :arco coiuody umlcr tbo same name prfseiitw Ly some very clever loca1 uuateurs Uio Msjejllc Ilipatre las In support of tho Heil Cross Iho war veterans club anil (ho inirs IMK mission. Tlio audience was_ (Q Isrge, auil extremely npureclal [Iioueh not moro so Ilian UIQ presonla lion merited.. Tlie play Is a breezy little.: cpni cdy, full of rlcli wll, Riid many huawi ous situations, Involvo llic com- lirbiutslns of a very staid dean In ft rare Iracli deal, and the resulting sit- uations furnish a continual scream OJ laughter tor the audience. Tho parts wcro aii excellently.Cast- Mr. nieliard Hindis, under wliosc.-dl- mllon Iho 1'lny was given, lilaiielf. very ably filled tlie rolo ql the, Jean, and his unquestioned dramatic ability gained [ull appreciation. evening. Shoring in his fiery UB the star actor ot the cvenliiE.'Jlrs. J. N. tlie deau's sister, Mrs. Georsliib .Tld- man, won outstanding rccogultlpn for her eitremoly clever Interpretallon of Ihc role, which ira's perhaps Ilin most difficult. a-natural gift draiuatic with which tho locnl theatre-goers are' well acqualiil- Mr- Frank Wacldtnglon, as the but- ,ler Illoro, ivas nnolher star, lu- minosity was. scarcely dimmed by those hi tho cither two leading rolcp, Mr- Geo. Fleming took Iho role of Sir Tristriam Mnrdoii Jn excellent' style. and Mr. C. H. Mathews as the village coTvslaule, and -Miss S. Dawdcn as lil.s ivifc, were' also splendid. The dean's aughters were splendidly y Mrs. G. B: Fleming and Miss W. till. The ofilcers Major 'arver and Lieut. Darbey, were repre- ented by 3Ir. Manson and Mr. liincfes, r.. the parts being carried oi( well. Ir. Geo, Komm -niadc a vcry-sooil room, and got "some gacd laughs.- The music, was [urnished by. Jlrs. Waddington at the Ralph Vaddington wllh the drums er Geoff. Waridin'stpn with the violin. 'he play will beTepenteil loiilght, and hould be well''a I (ended. 1'rieos in nyev.v i.ustniu'o low'as tlioso of n yoiu1 In iniiny onsos lowoi1, Hinilc jiossiblo by i'lirly ami Illicral at u'.'iimu wliou Iluv most faviu'iililo i'OiiilifuHi' Many oiijiDi'tunilios bf gniiuino iiri< yours )jy Inking Ilii'so Wotlncsday niul 'Hiiirsiluy pricos. TalTi'lH Silks 1.25 coaled toogue, had taste and. loul breath, dizziness, can't sleep, are bit- nerroua and bothered with a stck, gassy, .disordered stomach, or have a bad cold. "Are you keeping rour.boweLa clean with Cascarel3 or merely forciDg a passageway every few days -with salts, cathartic pills or castor oil? Cascarels wort while you sleep; cleanse the stomach, remore the sour, undigested fermenting food and foul gases; take tbe excess.bile from thn liver and carry out ot the ayslem all the and poison in the bowels. A CascareL vrill strafghten you out by 10-cehl box from any drug store 'will keep your stomach sweet; liver and bowels regular, and head clear for months. Don't :forgct the children. They love Cascarets cause they, tasle gripe or traded many people., AL the Presb.y- :erian church sacranienlal- service was administered in the. nidrnlug. while the evening subject such as" lo bring many people to hear the great Easter message.' In. .the odl3t church a yery. able sermon was delivered by ihe" iiaalor. Rev: A I.eTris. In Ihc afternoon ID Iht Sun- day school room '.the infant classes held promotion programs. in.: which many little lots vrho.had passed their ciannnaifons and their ninth birthda'j irere given certificates, and promolet to the senior Echool. In the evening service Uie pjplar' thought to the gave his bes t subject of Has ;er, and our part in it. "A crowde'i liouse greeted the speaker.. Inspector Tucker of the lUN-W.M now stationed In Macleod, Io spector McDonald beea trans ferred lo Cardston. Da'ted 10 th April, 1W7. Canadian Trnst Company; Manager and Secreta Slock Inspector i' CEp.'Bnjce, ot Bow Island, has been appointed a slock Inspector. BLACK DUCHESSE 11.76 to Four epcclal values at Iho .various prices. 3G lo 40 Inches !wlde. LOVELY SILK CREPE YARD I, (-33 than n year PRO. 3G In, Washable. Colors flesh, maize. white anil blacfc. HABUTA1 SILK 1 Afk YARD .Kicfpllonsl-' value, 3d incurs wide. Hlack anil whllo only. BLACK SILK POPLIN YARD 36 Inch. Splcnilid quality and weight. Same voluo ns last year. CLARKE CO Avemue, South i.ovob' ivft.anility. 3C IUL-II, prtftli, iinvj-, oil, inupo, jiluni; burfiunly. flc, m an uauy sUcl c-fft'cte. I'rolty Wiisli Slllis Yiiril oil' ujillo xruunil. ulao nral In vnriouu colorj folorn u( iniiltr. sky, IlolKlnn, unvy, Lur- suiiily, brovn, blink, wlilio, clc. Clicno i Kftwl hi you will In ilurrft nt ynnl. Colon (loan, niAlce, old hello, linrjfUil'ljr, brotsn, Hack, tile. Colored Kujali Silk Vjird toe i-hcaji ut Iho rrtco, Colurd hliivk. hrlto, Krroti, tnn, 11 Ink. cliKiiLitciRito, ok.. union IOUIT In vrjop Ih'.in eflk. More New Suits Coals Several Into ganuoiUR just (o ItaiitJ. A, lovely mugc lo clioosb coinblulcit' superior slylp and valuca. ALL EXCLUSIVE WITH THIS' 50c vitlue. Tor Jor- Colon anil tan. NATURAL nAJAli 6ILK 33 Inclioi wlilc. SILK JERSEY CLOTH YARD Tlin-0 yard t( 1 seya utirl nklrts. [il'itlc-.-gold, i DUCHESSE i 71- t.ovely quality, 3G inches Me. New colors of golil, hluc, muatard, etc.' CLARKE CO 3rd Avenue, Souih- (From Our Own Correspondent) Carclston, April 1-3. entertained a few rrlcnila at cards on Saturday evening, those present being Mr. and Mrs. D. Spencer, Mr. anil Mrs. A. Cook, Mr. end Mrs. M. Spencer, Mr. and Mrs. H. Scolt. Mr. and Mrs. S. JorjeE, Mrs. Syfcea flnd Mrs. Gllmor. A very 'enjoyable LI me was reported by aii: Mrs. O. D.-WceVts anrt MEss E. Weefea are spending a tew days. In Great Falls." '.'II. MclntOBh was a iiassenger ,on Tuesrtay'to Calgary. T Miss-Keith spent Saturday ill I.elh- Wccks 'returned irom fn number ono rastp R T lonlhs and liavlntr held ULQ I losltlon o( [iltt Loss nt Coal Creek be-: I oro the great explosion of May Gralium Is familiar with cori- f lilfoni (icrlalnliiB liero niul will be at I great assistance to his successor, Mr. I Vllhluson. who la making LIs flrsL I lo llic (Sprclal ta.nn Herald) Fernle, Graham, lately chle[ Inspector o[ mines In province, niparjli-ti iiy Dr. ;o: n (CONTINUED rnoir :PAQE) __ _ (CONTINUED PROM' FEOST head, apparently. Blunter-at- tack on Vlmy.Titlge. This'fact Vaa reported to artillery-and all the long range guns far ten. miles around were concentrated points, which constituted a new record Cor long distance barrage Ike with beavy guns. TJius tlje for the counter attack were absolutely de- stroyed before the reserve Lrobpa could detrain. German..Official y Derilo, via London, Apr.. British, snrceecled'in penetratinR-Ger- man positions on roails radiating frotn (Arras, but did not break ac: cording lo today's array hcadquarlurs1 JElalement. "In. 'slubbbrnly residing Hie .aupcrlorily .ot the adds the staLc-meutT "two or our divisions suffered considerable "losses." "The spending Ihc winter m'Cailfornifl and Tesasr bis niece Miss wijl spend some; lime here" visUing relatives. Mrs. S. E. Jones spent the week-end In'toyrii. Spencer gave.n very en- joyable whist parly, on Monday night. ThoEc present Mr. and Mrs. F. Bcel.'Mr. and Mrs. E. Cook, Mr. and B. Waklcy, Mr. and Mrs. D- Speucer, Mrs. Sykes Dn Wednesday afternooni.lhe Lad- Aid Mra j_ for Grose.sewing. The will t'e at Ihe' Lome o[ Gngncbln on Mr. and -D. Calrncross re- turned-liome'on-AVetlneBJay iitght af- In the States. The Red Cross Society are giving a grand ball .on -Monday night hi the court house. WH- klnsou, his 'successor'. In that office are In town-and will''remain several lays, looking Into ,Mic nunilicr three mtnc diaa'aler at" Coal Creok. Janicii AEhwprlh: .who manager ol the Coal Co., prcvl ous to'Ihc advent of W. "u. Wilson, Is also here on'the anil will remcln a few H-'ivlll be wel come'newR lo the many frlenda of Mr Grtiham'UlirouEliouL' this district especially -to friends lo know thai. Mr. Graham has been ap potnted. general superintendent of al Llic mines ot LU., on "jVajicouycr-Island and thai lie 5s In n jWch more, liicratlvc than thabfroiu jvhlcli he resigned lo accept the mannsomen of the big company.' Mr. Wilkinson Is.a. resident or Na nalmo, and Lho Inspection service under Mr. IhDE? entas- Having rcie'ntly .inspscled mines regarding tlio M. (t prominent raiu-licrl the ('oiiscrvatlvo V-anrtlilalo for Uio I Vllinrla IcglslaLuro In Cocltrnnc i'ld-. I iUJ.'- -1 April 13th, 1917 ORCHESTRA PROCEEDS IN AID OF RE CROSS FUND EVERYBODY INVITED, else has been allowed to go he held Vltny ridge with grim resolve and lav- ished upon' It all the arts in fortifica- llons Vnd defensive skill "thai the war iae taught hfm. "It hinges whole strategy ol.lhe enemy's retreat n "the xfcsl. With Vimy finnly held bailie. near. .Arras, statement says. DAIRYMEN! will find a steady market for your cream and milk with us. Highest price prompt returns. f We can supply you with cans at following prices: 5. gnllon cans S gallon ciiiis 'Write us for prices. We are agents for the BEATRICE .SEPARATOR. The the market Easy to you .40% on the Initial cost .BIIMTO; LETHBRIDGE ____ and Wholesome i asifyoubaVedthem crisp, uniform perfection possible only in a fully equipped modern SonvMor scair .r continues." the mike an appetiring', salisfyiag lunch, ind add wckoicc viiiely lo InPackagas or Safied. For all occasions, and especially for the children, try our ROYAL AQBOWBOOT BISCUIT le can swing his line farther south slowly bacV, until each ;part .of it reaches any position TChcre. lie. lias a mind to 'stand, anfl he cover the French industrial districts upoij .which' he depends much -for. :supplies'.-r But Vimy gone the defense of these clfstrfcis can. hardly be marnfalnecL The pivot of Ihe .whole retreat shifts and gives backward is' in In- slant risk of Isiuet Immcnit The tasues depending on the Brit- ish ability to hold the ridge are there- fore immense. At the moment there Is nothing to suggest Ihe doubt that !lic ridge will be nerd, but. the batdc Is still fiercely continuing and Ihere 33 lilllc disposlllon.-hsre lo. indulge in confident predictions. Nevertheless the opinion la expressed that if the Germans are definitely driven from the ridge without liopo of re-attacking they are likely enough lo be compelled lo acknowledge defeat and retire to what is called the. Mcuse line, running rrom Verdun through Mezieres, Mau bcugc and Lille-. j_ French Official. Paris, Apr. War office a 11 nouncement today.says: "South of the Oi5e we marie progress of the lower forest of Coucy.: The ar- tillery fighting waa' rather lieavy norlheast of-Soissons and especially severe in the -sector of oullieasi of Reims we repulsed a Eur- rise attack. Fighting ccurrcd In the Champagne sector of Malsons de AMERICAN SHIP IS TORPEDOED :_ Apr. 5. Sinking wilh- of the unarmed M which lelt Gen- oa Aprjl with' 32; Americans abiong her-'crew of 53, waa. reporicd the stalb departmchl today by Consul Gen- eral Wilbur at Gftnoa. The was Hwrt-Wcst Biscwit Co., Limited EDMONTON ALTA. Fight on Wide Front In the tnearLiiinc Iho fighting goes on over a wide front of about BO miles roughly, from SL QuchlinT the core of the attack" being around the north of Arras. As far AB informallon goes eveo'lhing Is going well for the Drillsh and Justifies Ihelr sanguine hopes, hut comments today gencrnlly include Ihc vi-arnlng not lo nllow Ihcai hopes to run loo high. The en era; [3 known to have great reserves A hand and an Iron compulsion hind him to make every effort lo avoid de- feat The papers warn the country that I ihould await the event, in Ihcsfipfrl sober expectation and (hat It I not time for exuberant boaallof. NOSI1ESINU.S. _JE1R WasliinRtpn, April strlfecs or abor disputes of any kind 'during'Iho war la the programme of'the labor committee of Ihc'council of national defence's arlvlspry commission, licad- cd by Samuel Gompers, president of .he American Federation of Labor. In a report unanlmonnly adonled the council and commission and made puhllc lasfnlghl, the- cornmit- declaroj; "the defcnae and safety of the nalfon must, be the first con- sideration of all "patriotic that'when emergencies arise a change of standards, such changes should be made only after investigation and approval by the council of rational defense. Since the labor committee mem- bership IncludP.d lenders" of'organized labor and ropresenlaUvea of influen- tial employers Interested, Us action (9 Interpreted as giving llic .United Slates promise of complele freedom frorrHnrfimrial disputes such 39 ham percd England early in the war. W! GIRLS! W IT! im HAIR STOPS FALLING OUT AND GETS THICK, WAVY, STRONG AND BEAUTIFUL Your hair becomes- light, wavy, fluffy, abundant and "appears as soil, Iu3trou3 and beautiful as a young girl's after a hair clcaasc.' Just try moisten a a little Dandcrine aud carefully draw U through your hair, taking Olio Emal strand at a. time. This will cleanse the hair of dust, dirt and excessive ol and In JusL a few you have doubled Hie beauty of your lialr- flc.sldes beautifying the hair al once Dandcrlnc disaoKea every particle o larulruff; purifies nnd Invjg orates Iho scalp, forevtralopplnff Itch ng and falling hair. Ilnl what ylll please yon.niosl wll ie after a few use whea iv111 actually see new fine anc downy at really new iialr growing all over the scalp. 1 you care for preety, soft hair and lot of a surely get. a 25-ccnL bottle o Knowlton's Danderlne from any or toilet counter, and just try I SPAIN NEUTRAL. Madrid, via April Th Official Journal today- pubHchcd decree declaring Ihc neutrality Spain ]n Ibe the Unllci Slatca and Gcrmanf, WESAVEYOUMOfNEY' ON WEARING APPAPElfcSHOES FOB Y3U05ELF i FAMILY HENNESEY 4 WILSON NORTH LETHBRIOGE. MOUNCE1E1 In all styles are .now. on exhibition, at. our new store we have THE L.VIJOKST TX .WE HAVE OVER In the Lethbridpe District end our .business is growing la [caps and bounds VA j .a satisfied customer. strength 'of lorie beauty of LLIS PIANO COMPANY ISV IIKITISK the .Public prefer a_Brnich name. INSPECTION INVITEO. OUR INSTRUMENTS NEED. NO FURTHER RECOMMENDATION. WILLIS PIANOS Phone 662 Hull AVc. H. C. C. SALMON, Manager ;