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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 6, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta POLAND SEEKS U.N. BREAK WITH SPAIN FINAL EDITION Herald Weather CLOCDY VOL. 98. LETHBEIDGE, ALBERTA, SATURDAY, APRIL 6, 1946 18 PAGE? RCAF COURT SENTENCES TWO TO DEATH Delay Wage4 FACE MURDER Showdown ,17 In DominionTldal Wave Different Labor Organiza- tions Not of One Mind on Controls OTTAWA. April in the demands of a large section of organized labor for general wage increases appeared today to be some weeks ahead, despite major devel- opments in the last few days. Those developments came' when C H. Millard. Canadian director of the United Steelworkers of Amer- ica (CJ.O.) announced his union proposed dealing in the future di- rectly with employers, short-circuit- ing war labor- boards, and when laoor organizations made their an- nual submissions to the govern- ment. Viewpoints expressed In those briefs showed some difference of opinion on how far the government should go in easing wartime wage controls administered by the war labor boards which the steelworkers and the International Mine, Mill and Smelters Workers (CXO.) say they -Bill ignore. OTEEB VIEWPOINTS The Canadian Catholic Confed- eration of Labor complained that the order, w-uch. was recentlv amended, blocked improvements in low-wage industries The Trades and Labor Congress, with, which American Federation, of Labor unions are affiliated in Canada, said it saw the importance of retaining some control 01 er wages but asked a modification of the order, it also objected to the recent amendments. Tile Canadian Congress of Labor, the body to which the steelworkers. mine, mill and smelter workers and other CJ.O. unions are affiliated, came out bluntly aoolition of wag-s control and asked for a re- turn to free collective bargaining between employers and employees. All three organizations asked that- pnce control be continued. "While the wage campaign has centred in C.C.L unions a number of TiC. unions are also on record as seeking wage increases with shorter hours and many of the rail- way unions, affiliated with the standard railway brotherhood, hare served notice of demands for more money. NEED APPROVAL One important factor which Is not jet clear is the reaction of employers to the suggestion of some unions that tney will ignore war labor boaros Under present legis- lation emoloyers are prohibited from increasing wages unless approval is obtained from a board. Against the background of all these facts there remained little doubs in the minds of observers at Ottawa that developments of the next few weeks are likely to set the pattern of the country's post- war wage structure. REPLIES TO P-M. OTTAWA. April R. Mosher, president of the Canadian Congress of Labor, last night issued a statement which he said he was "surprised" at the attitude of Prime Minister Mackenzie Bong in rebuking him during presentation of a CC.L. brief which said the government had made no prepara- tions for conversion from war to! peacetime conditions. Texc of Mr. Mosner's statement follows: CHARGE New Colliery At Hillcrest 300 Tons Daily DELAY WAGE (Continued on Page Two The Left Hand Corner. Chick Sexing 51-Year- Horse Breakfast In 1859. (By Staff Reporter) HILLCREST, A large new colliery, the seventh for-the Alberta section of the Crows Nest Pass, is now being developed just east of Hillcrest with the aim of increasing its production to tons of coal a oay. Being established by Hillcrest Mohawk Collieries, Ma, the Deis- producer is now employing 60 men and -hopes of company oSicials are to find sufficient miners and other workers to increase this crew to 150 men by next" year. Development; oi the colliery was stared in August, 1944. and thus far S250000 has been spent oa develop- ing tne proDerU. F. J. Harquai', managing director of the company told The Herald Friday that 1946 olans in connec- tion with the colliery call for tne. expenditure of A total of S1000CO is to be spent on a plant and equipment and another 000 on further development work. At the present tune two seams of coal, one nine feet thick and the other ten feet thlcK. are being worked at the new colliery and pro- duction is running about 300 tons a day We could employ another hun- dred men at the new collierx im- mediately, if we were able to secure them." explained Mr. Harquail. Th new colliery will be the first producer operated here since the old Hillcrest mine was closed in 1939 after being in production since 1904. OKE of tne most specialized and limited fields in the hitle known art of chick broadening in scope under the guidance of a young Winnipeg couple. Ray and Bernice Hansey. two of the 40 chick sexers in the Dominion, are operating under government UlC Onlv School Of Its v Troops Alerted After Destruction Of Equipment TOKYO. April 6 (Reuters) AH United States 5th Airforce personnel at Chofa airfield. 15 miles west of Tokyo, have been put on the alert and ordered armed 24 hours daily following destruction of thousands of dol- lars worth of communications and aircraft equipment in what is believed the first organized Japanese violence against occu- pation forces' property. It is suspected former Japan- ese soldiers were involved as most of the damage indicated wreckers had an expert Know- ledge of the highly-complicated electrical equipment. kind in Canada, teaching eight! former servicemen and women the A graphic illustration of the force of the giant tidal wave which swept the Hawaiian islands is shown by the top photo of a large boas which was driven ashore at Kilo and hurled into a house, causing great damage to both, the and the building. At Waisaki. shown below, hundreds of fishing and pleasure boats were wrecked. Truman Calls For Powerful Peacetime Military Forces CHICAGO, April tiP) President Truman todaj pro- claimed a "universal" foreign policy for the United States aimrd at stopping "coercion and penetration" of the weak and for powerful peace- time military reserves. Speaking at an army day celebration in Soldier's Field, where he renewed his appeal for extension of the selective service act, unification of the armed forces and a universal training nrogram, the president UNIVERSAL POLICY declared that: 1. One "universal" policy must guide United States relations with every country, "no matter how re- mote." 2 In return for American re- cognition of "important interests" of Great Britain and Russia ana others in the Orient, these coun- tries must respect American inter- est in peace and security in that area. The United States, he said, "shall expect them to pursue" the same peaceful objectives. 3 The United Nations have a right to insist that the sovereignty and integrity of the countries of the Middle East where outside riv- alries might "erupt into conflict" must not be threatened bj" coercion or penetration. 4 The United States hopes "for the peaceful settlement differ- ences which, have arisen between colonial people and colonial sov- ereigns in all areas 5 The Umtea Nations Security Council "is fully caoable' of set- tling aisputes between any coun- tries of the world, however Differ- ent their philosophies, traaitions and interests, if it resnects "the legitimate aspirations and neecs" of fellow memoers 6. "The United States Intends to join witn the other sovereign re- publics of America in a regional pact to proviae a common cefence I against attack STRONG LANGUAGE Using some of the strongest language he has ever employed in discussing the United glob- al foreign pojicy, Mr. Trumar. ce- clared its immediate objecHve "is i to support the United Masons to the utmost." TRUMAN (Continuec on Page Two POW's Involved In Camp Death Charged in Medicine Hat Court With Murder of Karl Lehmann m Sept. 1944 Shortly after being charged in Royal Canadian Mounted Police "court at Medicine Hat with murdering a fellow cap- tive believed to be a German doctor "I pmiosopny, louv Nazi prisoners of war were brought into the Lethbndge provincial jail this, Saturday, afternoon to await their pre- liminary hearings in May. They stand charged with hir- ing murdered Karl Lehmann. a lecturer in the Medicine Hat prisoner of war camp, on Sep- tember 10, 1844. Charged with the Lehmann murder and held in the Leth- bndge jail are: Bruno Perze- nowski. 31: Walter Wolf, 32; Willi Mueller. 33, and Heinnch Buscfa, 34. PRELIMINARIES MAT 1 A separate preliminary hearing will be held for each and tentative plans are to open the preliminary hearings on May 1 before Magis- trate W. H. T.'ilis at Medicine Hat, Crown Prosecutor Waiter D. Gow, K.C.. is to prosecute the charges. The accused quartet is the sec- ond group of Nazi captives charged with muraenng a fellow captive in the Medicine Hat prisoner "of war camp Three ether Nazis were charged wiih, the murder of Pte. August Plaszek in the Medicine Hat camp on July 22.1S43. As a result o' the trials arising out of the first murder, figix. Wer- ner Schwalb is occupying a "death cell" in rhe LethDndge jail, where he is scheduled to die on June 26 Found Guilty New Problem Rier's Be Tabled At Council Holzer and Weigal Will Be is Sentenced to 15 Years in Third of Series of War Crimes Trials Conducted at Aurich AURICH, Germany, April (C.P. Cable) Holzer and Walter former German soldiers, i today were sentenced to death by shooting by the R.C.A.F. tribunal trying1 them on war crimes charges. Their co-' defendant, Wilhelm Ossenbach, was sentenced to 15 years imprisonment. 1 Holzer and Weigal were convicted of murdering an! unnamed Canadian airman taken prisoner at Opladen in the Ruhr in March, 1945, while Ossenbach was convicted. of complicity in the same case. Aussie Delegate Accuses Iran of Using Council for Her Own Aims NAZI P.O.W rs (Continued on Page Two.) Manitoba Says Jeep Is Proper Farm Implement WINNIPEG. April (COM jeep wilt rank with the disc, the plough and the bar- row if a bill to modernize the Manitoba farm implement act, which received second reading in the legislature' Friday, is adopted. The new definition if imple- ment in the act will embrace the jeen. "which is meant." the law says, "a general purpose vehicle of the type commonly so-called." The bill's drafters, somewhat doubtful whether the word irus dignified enough to rate a place in the statutes, were re-assured by Minister D. L, Campbell. The jeep, said Mr. Campbell, could do almost any- thing on a farm and if the farmers -were satisfied to call it a so should the law. HELGOLAND BOMBED THIRD Of A SERIES It was the third of a. series of war crimes trials now being .conducted bv the R.C.AJ. here. In the first two, Johann Neitz. former German marine corps cook, was sentenced to life im- prisonment for wonndin? with intent to kill FO. Rudolnh Ro- man of Toronto, bomb-aimer who bailed out of his burning plane near Wflhelmshaven. In the second, AVilhelm Jnnge. former burgomaster of Jhe Ba- varian town of Oberweier. and Srfmmacher- former soldier-policeman of the town, were sentenced to death by shooting for murder of a Canadian prisoner. Holzer. Weigal and Ossenbach were sentenced at -t-30 pjii. of the sixth day of their trial. The morning session was taken up with summing up bv Wing Crnor Alex Cattenacb. of Ottawa. Jucge court bv police and outside he and i Weigal" broke down and wept. The defence immediately lodged apoeal against the court's findings j and sentence. Sentences of all! three are subject to review and con- Srrnation by higher R.C.AJ. auth- orities. Following the sentences, nubert Broichhaus, charged with a simi- lar crime at Oplacea on the same night, was brought before the court j and informed that the R.C.AJF. court was closed and that he wou'd be tried oefore another court at some future date. Flames Destroy Seed Storage Elevator at Teg April LONDON. Ann! (CP) The Polish embassy announced todav Poland had instructed her detente So the United Nations seenritv council to op the matter' of diplomatic relations of member nations with Spain. "Poland considers that the United Nations should break off diplomatic relations with the Franr-o the state- ment said. The Warsaw radio announced last nisht that the Polish gov- ernment had decided to recos- nize the exiled Spanish Repub- lican government of Jose GiraL The embassy statement was made in renortins the jovem- action. NT FULL REPORTS _____ By JOHN M. EIGHTQ'WSH. TORS. ApnJ scld today the 1 United Nations security council I probaoiy insist on a fall report j from, ooth Russia and Iran on the I agreements made to settle tfceir cis- 1 pate. i The report, based on yesterdays I Tehran aimouncsicen; that zne two j governments had agreed on. trooa, I oil and political problems, would give the council to re- view the Russo-Iranian arrange- advocate of the trial, and the swept through a seed storage ele- jpgnjs and. decide whether it coa- ing address of the chief prosecutor vator of Federal Grain. Limited. Cmdr. Pat Dardia of London.! here last night, causing damage Ont BREAK DOWN Eolzer's knees buckled as he heard the sentence and he had to be sup- ported by service police m the court- room. Weigal bowed his head and could be seen to tremble violently. off.ciallv estimated at S400QOO. the greater part of which was loss of The first alarm was given almost simultaneously bv a Canadian Pa- Railway switchman and the watchman, both el whom smoke pounrtg Jrcca the vwo-i Montreal. Saskatoon and Ot- i Jhe sentences after the Juga-rank- j the ofnce? seed storage ing K.C.A.F. tnounal had heard> house and finally the elevator itself. pleas for mitigation from German' jro one was injured in the fire, defence counsel. j cause of which was said to be scon- Holzer was half-can-led from tea' taneous comousUon. Tugby Acquitted On Eight Charges By Court Martial By StTFRIN (Canadian Press StaS Water) WINNIPEG, Apnl G CSM- Marcus Charles Tngbr, 29-year-old member of the Win- nipeg- today -was acquitted by a general court martial of eight of 16 charges involving action in a. prisoner- of-war camp at Oeyama, Japan. The findhis: of the court on the eight other charges were not announced, but will be promulgated later by national defence headquarters in Ottawa. Apnl (Reuters) one four engined Lancaster bombers and 17 Mos- quito fighter-bombers bombed German installations still re- maining on the fortified island of Helgoland Thursday night, it was revealed today in the Daily Telegraph which published a dispatch from a correspondent who flew with one of the planes. i them, satisfactory A member of the Australian delegation, who conld. not be otherwise identified, yesterday accused Iran of having used the security council to her own with Russia. He said that the Iranians protested all along they cotua not negotiate an ail img as Rossian troops were in the country, yet they an- nonnced yesterday an agreement making concessions. Even while their case was before the conned "they were aH the he said. The courtaL was in. week-end se- cess todav and will not meet agaia unai Tuesday. Me, -nembers are exoected to begin wosk ca a set of rales to govern their fattens proceedings. ENDS SFECLT-ATION Sfeyntsan delegate Mahmotsd san Pasha enaed spectdatioa auotit ing the eastern command, found a reports that he would make an early case had not been mace oat to sup- appeal against the Dreseuce of j pert tnem. JJQ troops -a. Egypt oy ssTag fee The eight charges on which a kopec tfcc success of current Brit- verdict as EOC announced deai' esh-Egvouan negotiations would witn assault on Allied prisoners, in- make such action annecss'sarj. eluding Canadian and British, dur-j The negotiations are uncer way ing the tune Tugby was a member Cairo and London. Thev are con- of the supemsory committee, coin- Cemed with revision of a 1936 Angio- monl> called the "Big at Egyptian treaty covering the Oeyama j tenauce of British troops 3n A wees ago an ail-British court control of the Anglo-Egyooan martial acquitted Cpl. 'Acting Sgt.) i defence of tae Suez Canal. John Hugh Harvey of London. Bag- KqualJv heartenine was French k.nd. of IS of 28 charges involving Ambassa'ccr Hecn Bonnet's declar- CSM Tugby." whose home is in' collaocration with the Japanese ana atlon that France wouia not present suburban St James was 'charged assault on Aitea prisoners a; j to the course! t-ouolescais Scaa- with collaooration with tne Japan- Ocjama. The verdict on tne other Bh unless the "Big Five" ese misappropriation of Bed charges, dealicg mainly uith cases couua: of foreisir mirusters fei2s to supphes and asiaUt on Allied pns- stru-ung and i take acuon. onets i ping of not an- France, outstaadice opponent of OF ArotTTTAT 'nounced- Genersuissiino Francisco Franco's accui-tpd cnHabor-' procedure the .spanisn regime, nas earmarked. tUs ne was 01 tne couaoor- announces only acquittal! atioa charge, the improper use or j verdjCts. AUV otner decisions are 1 Red Cross parcels, and on a referfed to a" authontv. I eral charge of improper punishmen: of pnsoners-of-war in the camp. j The veraict also included acquit- tal on five other charges involving assault on Allied srisoners When the trial opened last Mon- day he charged -aith 19 oSences. uut three of the cnarges were dis- missed in mid-week when tne court.; under the presidency o' Maj-Gen j H. W. Foster of Halifax, command- j NEW PHOBI53S (Continued on Page Two.) secret- Chick sexing. the science of sep- j arating cockerels from pullets, was, introduced to Canada 13 years ago" by the Japanese, from whom the 1 Hanseys learned it. "A good cmck feser must have a j keen eye and a quick Mr Hansey says, end for that reason j the students picked are all young, j DEATHS TESTERDAY ff Prairie Provinces Present Brief Asking Lower Tariffs i Fear Depression Will Come If World Trade Not Developed ,5. in Press corresooad- Cincinnati bureau for 20 10 years Mo Carrie Rog- i] take they could be! always rawed sureeon. poultry at explained 20- year-old Ina, "and last spring we worked in hatcheries j els Clark- 78- Publisher of tne Tren- Althougn sexing is a sea- WORKERS BUY FACTORY GANANOQUE, Ont, Apnl of the Parmenwr ar.d sonal only March. April and I Bulloch Rivet Manufacturing Com- of hoTf pay is good at about nai a cent per chick, especially so with specialists like the Hanseys who be- tween them can sex chicks an hour. At completion of the six-weeks' course, however, the students, pick- ed from 100 applicants, wsll be able THE LEFT HAND (Continued on Back pany have negotiation leading to purchase of the factory by the workers. Employees raised in cash ar.d the balance of the sale price" of S525.000 was made up of bonds. Eighty per cent of the 210 employees made cash purchases and the rest are taking shares to be paid for by payroll deductions. All shares will be own- ed by the workers in ten >ears. WIXNIPEG Aunl I? -The governments of Alberta. Saskatche- wan and Manitoba united today in plea to federally-appointed trade and tariff committee for re- moval as raoidly as possible of un- necessary restrictions on world trade Tf a 3.503-word brief addressed to the committee and signed bv Premiers E. C Manning. T. C Douglas and Stuart Ga'-scn said. Canada should take unilateral action toward that cr.d The bnef, prepared bv the econ- omic of Social Cred- it, CCF ard Coalition administra- tions, reviewed the "fundamental importance" of erport markets to Canadian economy, the dependence of prame agriculture ort e'tports to the United Kingdom and the United States and the effects of trade re- stncUons on production aid living costs. It turned then to expression of the "strong conviction of the citi- zens of our inces" that immedi- ate action should be taken toward removal of existing restrictions. TARIFFS INCREASE COSTS Changes brought aeout by the war, it said, had in way Ie.sssr.ec5 the traditional asajru! trade restrictions as a source of in- creased costs to Canadian cor-sum- }ers and exporting industries In- there appeared to be consid- i erablv less grounds ire tradi- tional fears of Canadian Industry that any reduction of its tanff-suo- !sidv and ether trade restr.ctions would threaten profits if not ex- istence A "tremendous new and urgent- factor now dominated the nroblem factor not present before the war Great Britain no longer had a net income of zoom yearly from investments in Canada with which to buy Canadian pro- i oucts. "Five years from now hpr receipts from that will be I almost entirelv used to pay interest land principal on the I loan from Canada I "The United Kingdom will, tehre- fore, have no alternative but mindinz I the children while their parenis attended a same in nearbv Worcester. suffered Ijnrns on the arms and hands. McNaughton To Inspect Churchill Defence Projects THE PAS, Man. Aonl j Gen A G Mcriawjiwn to-. chairman of the United States- Canada Defence ooard, passed through here Friday en route to j Churchill His Dakota aircraft veered from. its course due to inclement weather and landed at the a'.r base here Gen McNaughtor. will insotct de- fence projects built b> the US gov- ernment during the war at Church- ill He is accompanied bv 15 gov- ernment and military observers. NEWS BULLETINS 50 STILL MISSING IN TIDAL WAVE HONOLT.LL. of four more victims of Monday's tidal wave were recovered today the number of known dead in the Hawaiian Islands to 105. About 30 persons still are missing. In the little sugar plantation village of Laupaheehoe only two bodies have been found. Still unaccounted for are IS sta- dents, fonr and a housewife. MOLTEN LAVA SWALLOWS UP JAP VILLAGE TOKYO. Apnl lava, Howinff slowly down Mount Sakarajima in a stream 100 metres wide and 30 ta 30 metres deep, destroyed Kurosami Prof. Sonkei Osihara. of Tokyo Imperial I'mversity reported today after a survey. Be said Anmnra village definitely appears doomed. TRjVFFfC ON CALGARY-NANTON HIGmVAY A ban go into effect on the No. 2 highway from Calgary to Nan ton effective at Saaday. Aanl 7, it was anaotwced Saturday mornine. Essential such as the transporting milk arid He, Majesty's mail, will be limited to half loading. indicate that the road rs in "pretty tough" condition, although contractors are at the present time rebnildhji: the surface of the hiishwav from Hish River to Caljary. Maintenance crews are oat working on the road from Nanton to Hish River. TWO SHOCKS RECORDED NEW TtORK. Vpril -sharp earth shocks were re- corded on the Fordham Cmvenity late last lufht Eer. Joseph J Lynch reported today. The distance was about miles from New York Citv but Father Lynch said he was tmable to deter- mine immediateK the direction. L.D.S. LE TO OBSERVE I1STH ANNIVERSARY OF CHXTRCH S LAKE CITY. April of tie Latter Saints Otormon) chnrch today prepared to observe the llSth aani- versary of the founding of their faith with ceremonies their genera! authorities in office. The charch was founded in New york state bj Joseph Mciih in 1S39. The rites today were the hiirh- nght of the second day of the annual conference of chnrch tea4ers here. N.VMED BARGAINING AGENTS FOR GREYHOUND WNES OTTAWA. Apnl National Labor Relations Board today announced the Amalgamated Associated of Street, Electrical Railway and Motor Coach Employees (A.FJL.) ha? been certified act as collective bargaining agents for employees of Western dian Greyhound lines Ltd- TRUMAN BALLOT FOR CHICAGO, Apnl Truman advocated the for ear-olds today in an unprecedented news ence which hif blighted bis Army welcome SPAPLRl ,'SP4PERf ;