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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 3, 1917, Lethbridge, Alberta PACK THK DAILY l.a, WILSON BITTERLY ARRAIGNS KAISER'S GOVT. Asks Congress for Army of Half Million Men at Once ADVOCATES UNIVERSAL MILITARY TRAINING Washington, April Wlsou tonight asked congress to declare u state of wnr existing between the United States ami Germany. While. ofamMuousiKcii to fe ward. but oiic mill friends 1C wji lu-t Itu'ir Impulse thit their gouTiuueni ncleil uposi this war. II WAS not with their previous knanUdio or ap- proval. It was a wm, m-ie-rmliirj as wara used to be tlstpriutuctl on lu Iho unhappy daya were iio- whore consulted by tbclr rulers nnj wars were AuJ vtufed In tltd Intercsi of djrinslles or u( little ho men as FIRST ARMED AMERICAN MERCHANT SHIP WAS TORPEDOED BY GERMANS London, April American Hi'inciltihlp lliu first iirmed boat Io niler (lie lius liecn off (lie const of 1'runcc. Tliw crow of 3D wore, nil Aim-rli'ims. Sonic !irc missing. news of the submarining Uio steiiuu'i1 the first American armed ship to sail into the. win1 was being- told from mouth io mouth In Hi a capital, (lie president amiearincr lieforo the house :uid senate in joint session the or inuiguc to bring -i f-i i about some critical posture o[ affairs congress to recognize autl licnl with Germany's wariare on America. Hie which win Bivc mom AD opportunity president iniule it elenr (hat no action was being taken against the Austrian government and other nations allied with Germany. The president said Avar with "Germany would involve the practical co-oper- ation with the governments" now'at war with Germany, Including liberal financial credits, lie urged the raising of men and universal military service. President Wilson spoVe as follows: "I have called the congress Into extraordinary1 session because there are Very ssrtous choices of policy to be made and marfe Immediately, which It was neither right nor constitutionally permissible that I should assume the responsibility of making. "On tht third of February last 'l officially laid before you the extraordinary announcement of the Imperial German government that on and after the first day of February it was its purpose to put aside all restraint ot law (Or nud tools. Sol nations do tioi flll thMr neighbors' stoles with or can, bo successfully only under cover and MO one lias been taugut to ask questions. Cunningly c'outrived plans of ducep lion or aggression, carried, it may be, from to ecncr.i'.IOLi, can bo worked out ami Kept from the light only within the privacy of courts or behlud iho carefully guided confi- dences of a privileged class. Thesa are happily Impossible where i opinion commanda nu'4 Itislata upon [ull Infornmllou con nin tho peaca cannot bo nmltiUlnet No autocratic governmen wlthli of humanity and USE Its submarines to sink every vessels lhat sought to approach either the ports of Griaticicept by a partnership ot democratic Britain or Ireland or the western coasts of Europe or zny of the ports controlled by the enemies of Germany wllh- (nations. In the Mediterranean. Thai had seemed .io be lhe object of the German submarine warfare earlier In the war, coulti bc trusted but since April last year the Imperial government hJl somewhat restrained the commanders of Us undersea I covenants. It must be a league of honor, a part craft In conformity wilh Us promises then given to us that passenger boats should not be sunk and that due warn- nersliip ol opinion Intrigue voul Ing would be given to all other vessels which Its submarines mlgv. SJ-.K to deslioy, when nc resistance was oat its vitals away; 'the o clfered or escape .itlempted and care'taken IHjt their crews were given at least a fair chance to save their lives luner circles who could plan M'ha In their opsn boats. The precautions taken were mesgre and haphazard enough as was proved In dlstresslnc relljer account to uo Instance alter Instance In the progress af the cruel and unmanly a certain degree of restraint was very "heart observed. Some Still M iiGtou. C'., April Ills- mlch from Amtaacador Bharp ht 5 ycalerday said nine- een survivors from tho wero Iliolr rescue wai i Uio heavy yea and The Alice was lhe drat firmed Am- merchant vossM to (oil a vk1- Ihn to llio CJeniunt sulJiuarlnti warfare. Bho led Now Vork for on Mnr. brctuiao o[ fSOO.009. N'u InformnllQti to tho voasel wan abU to uio tier (uiu nijnlnsl ttio submarine lim reached hero. Tho fact tlmt iho WBI gunk nt aurtciL yestenl.iy adcrnoon nt DrostllSlh, wllh n ctirgo of fooJsUKfd umi 2S sUH vnlunl at limn n IK til "Uti n hcnvy eea ruiiiiinR. (o itio bcHcT thul, Itho (he Cunanl llnar Ucoiila, fiho Old not even efrtclk Eight of liur their ALL RESTRICTIONS SWEPT AWAY. The new palfcy has swept every restriction aside. Vessels of every kind, whatever their flag, their character. cl at can hold their purpose and tLeir honor steady to a common end and prefer thu interests of mankind to nar- carga. their destination, their errand, have been ruthlessly sent to the bottom without and f 1 that out thought of help or mercy for those on board, the vessels of frlandly neutrals along with Ihose of belliger- Jaasurancc'haV been our hope Even hospital ships and ships carrying relief to the sorely bereaved and stricken people of Belgium, though j for the future peace of the world by the latter were provided with safe conduct through prescribed areas by the German government itself and wers ins wonderful and heartening things _ distinguished by unmistakable marks of identity, have beeen sunk with the same reckless lack of compassion or 'principle.' I was for little while unable to believe that such things would in fact be done by any government thai had hitherto subscribed to the humane practices of civilized nations. International law had its origin In the attempt to up some lew, which would be respected and observed" upon the seas, where no nation has right of dominion and vllnl of her though .-where llVlhe free highways of the world. By painful stage after stage has lhat law besn built up with meagre! lntlmale relationships of enough results Indeed.- After atl was accomplished that could be accomplished, but always with a clear view al least of4whsl the and conscience of mankind demanded. 1 This mlnimim of right the German government has swept" aside under the plea of retaliation and necessity, and because It had no weapons which it could use. al sea except these which it is Impossible to employ as it is _e_mploylpg them without throwing to lhe winds all scruples cf humanity or of respect for the understandings that 'were supposed to underlie the intercourse of the world. I am not now thinking of the loss of property immense and serious as that is, but only of the wanton end wholesal- destruction of lhe lives of non-combatants, men, women and children engaged in pursuits which have always, even In the darkest periods of modern history, been deemed Innocent and legitimate. Property can be paid for, the lives of innocent people cannot. The present German submarine warfare against commerce Is a warfare asamil mankind. It is a war -gainst all nations. American ships have been sunk, 'American lives In ways which it has stirred us very deeply to learn, but the people and ships of other neutrals and friendly have been sunk and overwhelmed In the waters In the same way, there has dlscriminai tlonl ___. CHALLENGE" MANKIND .The Is to all mankind. Each nation must decide for itself how they will mttt it. The choice we "make for-ourselves must he made with a moderation of counsel and a t'emperateness of judgment befitting our. character and our motives as a nation. We must put exdled feeling away. Our motive will not be revenge or victorious assertion of the physical might of the nation; but only the vindication of right, of human right, of which are only a single champion. that hare been happening within the lasl few weeks la Russia. Russia was known Io those T fcuew it best Io have been always in fact democratic at heart, In all the vllnl habits of her thought, in all the her people that spoke their natural ioslincl, their habitual attitude to war life. political Ifuerly. Wo Imvo no selfish I ?nds to servo; v-'c desire no t-omiiiost, LO dominion. Book no Indemnities [or ourselves, no material compensa- tion for the sacrifices we shall freely make. We arc hut 0110 of Iho cham- pions of (he-rights ot mankind, Wo bo satisfied when Iboso rJglila have boon na secure na tlin fiillh rmd freedom of n.Ulons can mako them. Just becausn we fight without ran- cour ami without coltish objects, tack- ing nothing for ourselres but what wo shall wish to share HS free peoples, we, shall, I (eel confident; conduct our operations 03 belligerents without passlou anil ourselves observe with proud punctilio those prielnlca of right and. fair play rro profess io bu fighting for. Austria's Position I have said 'nothing of tho govern ,cnt allied with Iho liup'orlnl govern .ant o( Germany because '.hey have ot made war upon us or challenged s to defend uur rights oad'our honor Lo AuEtro-Hungarlaii government has ndeed, avowed Its unqualified oraement and acceplanco ot iho reel; ess and lawless submarine warfare dopled now without disguise by Ih mperlal govejnmcul of Germany or this.government to receive CouiU Tarnowakl, the ainlassatlor, recently ccredlted to this Bovernmcnt by the mperlol onfl royal government ol Aus-t _ rla-Hungary. But that government Russia a Fit Partner The autocracy 'that crowned the When i the confess on .the twenty-sixth of February last I thought that it would suffice to assert our neutral rights with arms, our right Io use tne seas against unlawful Interference, our right to fceap' our people safe against unlawful violence. But armed neulrallly, It now appears, Is Because submarines sre In cGJcct outlaws when used as lhe GermadVubmarines hare been shipping, it Is ships against Ihelr attacks, as the law of nations has as- sumed that merchantmen could defend themselves against privaleero or cruis- ers, visible craft giving chase upon the open .sea.. It Is common prudence In such circumstances, grim DCI Indeed, to endeavor to destroy them hefore they hare shown their own in- tenUon. j They must, he dealt wilh up- on dealt Trlth at all.. 'Germany's Attitude. The German government denies the right ol'ncutrals to use arms at al within the areas of lhe eea whic has prescribed, sven In the defence o rights Tviilch. no modern publicist ha: ever before questioned their right ti defend. The Intimation Is conveved ttU lhe amed guards which we have