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View Sample Pages : Dublin News Letter, December 30, 1740

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Dublin News-Letter (Newspaper) - December 30, 1840, Dublin, Dublin Vol. V. The RICHARD REILLT. Numb. 418 ublin News-Letter. From Tuesday December the 30th, to Saturday January the 3d, 1740. There being two Packets due, we, According to our Pro. mife, have inferred the following Debates of the H-fe 0fC-sofE-d upon the Place Bill, which we hope will be agreeable to our Readers. The SPEECH of G-e L-le- Efq;. AN Honourable Gentleman at the lower End of the Houfe, threw out a Pxopofol, to fend us all to School again for the re-farming csr Manners. Sir, I think, our Care fhould be to prevent Members of Parliament from being at School when they are here, from being under the Lafh of an infolent Minifter, as, if we may credit Hiflory, has happened in fome former Parliaments. Sir, I do not mean the Parliament in Queen Elizabeth's Reign, however fertile they are reprefented jto have been, by an Hon. Member over the Way. I am afraid the Practice of Mi-nifters naming Members to Boroughs at their own Will and Pleafure, which he told us was ufed by the Earl of Leicefter, has not been dropt fine* that Time, and I wifh our Pcfteriry may never fee Days lefs advantageous to Liberty. Elizabeth loved her People, defired their Honour, regarded their Intereft, flic heard thrir Complaints againft the greateft, the moft favoured of her Miniilers; and yet I will own, Sir, there were many wrong Things done in her Reign, becaufe fufficitnt Rtftraints were not .then laid upon tfte Power of the Crown : And therefore ^Example of her Reign holds out a ufr ful Leflbn to u5, dM even to the beft of Princes we mould not allow fuch a dangerous Influence, as may tempt them, by the Advice of bad Miniilers, to encroach on our Freedom. Sir, confidering how this Bill comes recommended, I ihould have imagined, Gentlemen would have thought it owing to thsmfelves, if not to their Country, to feem to treat it ith a little Refpect. But not To much as to allow i: to be brought into the Houfe, to oppofe the Principle of it, is indeed very extraerdieary. There have been times, when only for the fake of that Principle, Bills of a much lefs moderateNature.and to which there lay many Objections that cannot be made again, or Perfons of no Fortune or Credit in tii-ir Country, were employ'd, and by uVgal Methods brought into this Houfe, for by fair means they could not, there might be fome room lor making fuch a Suppou ion, ind then there would be fome Caufe for bringing in fuch a Bill as is now propoled ; bat v. hen I look round me, and confider the particular Circumliances of tholV Gentlrmen now here, who have the Honour to be at the fame time in thefetvice of the Crown, I mull look upon the D-itger now pretended to be lo real and imminent, to be as chimerical a Danger, as the molt :uxuriant Fancy can invent. I fhall agree with the Hon. Gentlemen who f?em fb fond of this Bill, that it the Crown could g^in an sbfolute and uncantroulable Power over all, or a Majority of the Ejections ia the Kingdom, every Parliament thus chefen by the Power, would be under the Direction of thxCrown, and in this cafe oar Conftitution would be at an tad ; but this I think impoffible. W nil ft the Crown purfues right Meafures; whilft none but Gentlemen cf good-Credit and Fortune are employ'd in the Adminiilration, or in any fu per ior Poft or Office under the Adminiilration, the Crown wiil certainiy have a great Influence, both in Parliament, and at Elections; but this proceeds from the Wifdom and Uprightnefs of its Meafures, and from ths natural Weight of thofe that are employ'd ; and it would certainly ceale, as foon as theCrown began to purfue contrary Meafures; becaufe, we muft fuppofe, the Aomini-ftration would then certainly be defertrd, and oppoied by all, or moft Gentlemen of any Fortune or CreSitin their Country. This, I fay, we muft fuppofe, un/e^s we can fuppofe that Gentlemen of Fortune and Credit in their Country, would unite in Meafures far makings Sicrlflct of themfilves, as well as their Country ; which is a Sup-pofition that cannot, I think, be made, nor pretended, by any Man whofe Head is found, and Heart fincere. In all Queftions, Sir, which do not admit of Demon-ftration, there muft be a Variety cf Opinions; and as Queftions of a political Na'ure are iefs capable of Demon-ftration than any other, it is natural to fee a Difference of Sentiments in every Country like this, where the People have not only a Power to judge, but a Liberty to talk and write againft the Meafures purfued by the Government: This is natural, and even necefifary in every Country, where the People are free; and as every Man is fond of his own Opinion, and fully convinced of his having Reafon on his fide, he is apt to imagine, that thofe who differ from him, muft be governed by fome Prejudice, or by f me felfifh Confideration. From hence it is, that ail thofe who difapprove of the Meafures of the Government conclude, that the Approbation of thofe who dirTsr from them, proceeds from the Influence of fome lucrative Poft they are in Poffcflion or Expectation of; and on the other Hand, thofe that approve of, and fupport the Meafures purfued by the Government, are apt to conclude, tfcat the Oppofition is entirely owing to Parry Prejudice, or to Malice and Refentment. For my Part, I fhall always endeavour to keep in the middle Courfe, and to b-lieve that both are in the Wrong ; and, therefore, I fhall always be againft any Alteration in our Conftitution, when I think, that the Alteration propofod, is founded upon one or other of thefe Miftakes. I fhould be as much ag3mft reftraining the Liberties of the People, in orde^ to prevent that Influence which is fuppofed to proceed from Par.y Prejudice, Malice or Refencmenr, as I fhall be againft :e-ftrining the Power or free Choice-cf the Crown, in order to prevent that Influence which is fuppofed to proceed from the difpofal cf Places and Preferments. There may perhaps, I believe there always will, be a Utile of each in tae Nation ; but neither can ever be of any dangerous Corrfequence to our ConHitutien : On the Contrary, they ferv� ;