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View Sample Pages : Daily Courant, March 05, 1730

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Daily Courant (Newspaper) - March 5, 1730, London, Middlesex The Daily Courant 'n't i -Win Thurfday, March 1719*56. "fVe foall new prefent our Headers with the Rj-tnainder of the Piece relating to Prince Me�-aikoff", begun in our Paper of the 16th paft, in which the Author draws fame fort of Pi' rallel between the Characters of the C%ar Peter the Great, and Charles XH. of Sweden ; and between thofe of the faid Prince MenztkofF, and the late Baron Goertz, Prime Minifter to that Kjng, in which the �{eader will have a faint Sketch of the Actions and Capacities of thofe illuftrious Perfonages* ERE we to draw Parallels af-ter the Example of Plutarch, between the Fortunes or Characters of illuftrious Men a-mong the Moderns, we could not avoid making a very good one, between this Great Man and the late Baron Goe>t%, both Victims to the Rage of their Enemies, e'er they could arrive at the Completion of thofe Projects thar, attain'd, would have made the World look upon 'em in a ftill greater Light, than they ever appear'd in before: But the Baron feerns to have had a greater Rapidity ot Genius than the Ruffian, was more vindictive, refoluce, and implacable, and flood lefs ftrictly upon the Methods by which he was to attain his Ends : But indeed both feem'd to have form'd them Pelves on the Model of the Princes they ferv'd : Charles the Xllth of Sweden was an impetuous, vindictive, undaunted Hero, whom no Misfortune could oblige to yield even to the Neceifity of his Affairs, and the Times, and who involv'd his Subjects into inexpreflible Miferies to fupport the Romantic Arrogance of his Temper j and would rather facrifice the Lives of Thoufands of the braveft and loyalleft of bis Subjects, than concede to the moft reafon-able Terms, that be thought impeach'd his Honour; which in fliort, was but hisHaugbti-nefs, and the wrong-turn'd Effect of the happy Run of good Fortune which attended bis firft Entrance into Action, and which indeed was the Caufe of his Ruin, fince he could nor tell how to yield to the Change of his Fortune, when at the fame time he had loft the Power to fupport his extravagant Pretenfions; fo that it may be truly faid, That his Victory at Nerva in his green Youth render'd infup-portable to him the total Defeat he met with at Pultowa in his maturer Years.--Such as this Monarch, was the Mini Iter, given up to Refenrments, to violent Projects, and rafh Expedients, and who feem'd determin'd to ra-vifh rather than court the Favours of Fortune, and thought all things poflible to a Monarch of intrepid Refolution, aided by a Minifter of fuperior Genius And indeed had not Fate itfelf interpos'd, by the fudden Death of the King, which was .the Deftrudt'ipn of the Minifter, no body knows how far he had fucceeded, maugre the Improbability that at firft appear'd; and the formidable Oppo-fition of Seafbns, Climate, and Armed Poten* tates, whole Apprehenfions on this Score, betray *d the Opinion they had of the Practi-cablenefs of thofe Pojects, that at firft they beheld with Contempt. The Rjtjfian no lefs form'd himfelf on the Conduct and Genius of his Great Mafter 5 which was however the Reverfeof that of the Swede : The latter led forth teethe, War a willing, a paffivt Nation of Heroes, inur'd to the Toils and Difcipline of War j- while the Czar commanded only Hords of mutinous Savages, who unwillingly follow'd his Banners, and dreaded nothing fo much as to be made ufeful to themfelves, ferviceable to their Prince, and formidable to their Neighbours; He was the only Military Soul in his vaft Dominions, and was* at firft unhappy even in the Numbers of bis People, becaufe he had the more to cultivate, and found the Task fo much the more difficult, and the Peo-pie fo much the more untraceable. He knew he muft conquer Seditions, Indirections, and Rebellions, and the moft malignant Op-pofition both abroad and at home, to attain the Great End he had prupes'd to himfelf: He conflicted with all thefe, and overcame the repeated Rebellions thofe of his own Blood had form'd againft him, and ventur'd (after having in his own Perfon ftolen from abroad, the ufeful Arts and Sciences necetfa-ry at the fame time to difcipline and topolifb, contrary to all the narrow Maxims of his indolent Predeceflbrs, who thought their Dominions the fafer, the lefs they were known, and their Power the greater, the more ftupid their Subjects) to introduce vatt Numbers of Foreigners to aflift his generous En-deaveurs, and at laft furmounted, or at leaft calm'd afleep the Hatred of bis Subjects on this Score, both in himfelf and them, and rouz'd in 'em at laft the Appearance of a Genius to imitate their Godlike Sovereign. Defeat upon Defeat followed his generous Aims in the Field, and too Swedes fcrupled nor, with Aflurance of Victory, to attack 1000 Mufcovites, and were always Conquerors : This the Great Prince faw with Grief, but bore with Patience, and ftili recruited, and ftill ingag'd; and having firft taught the Princes of his Country, after his own un-parallel'd Example, to be private Centinels^ he form'd 'em at laft for Generals, and having by Hard/hips, by Rewards^ by Preferments, and by Defeats, inur'd 'em to the Toils of War, (himfeif ever foremoft in the greateft Dangers) he at length ventur'd a decifive Engagement with the difciplin'd Swedifh Army, inur'd to Conquefts, and who were beeome nr\ore terrible to Enemies much more Warlike than the Mufcovites, than the Macedonian Veterans to the erfrm-nate Perfian's j with their King at rheir Head, another Alexander, who boafted jutt before, that he bad only been upon a Grand Hunting Match with his Foes, and wanted bu. to come within Sight of his Game to deftroy it: And what was the Event ? His long Patience and generous Views were at left crown'd with Succefs, and the Favours which the fickle Goddefs denied afterwards to the impetuous and violent Addrefles of the Swede, file granted to the patient and long-fufTering fyffianz He gave his proud, his cruel Ad-verfary, who had already dethroned the Pole, andtbrearen'd Him with the fameFare, a total Difcomfiture, and after a great Slaughter, and the precipitate Flight and narrow Efcape of their proud King, (who then, fot the fitft and laft time, yielded to the Neceflity of his Affairs, indeed for Afylum to the Tu>\s, to fave his Life) on the Banks of the Borifthenes, took Prifoners a whole Army of Swedes, whom he led in. Triumph thro' the principal Streets of bis Capital, not from an oftentatious Foible, which was not in bis Temper, but to fhew his Subjects that the vgr-y Heroes, at wbofe Name they were wmfto tremble, and at whofe diftant Appearance to fly, that tbefe very Swedes were no more than Men; that they were vincible : And after this he had nothing more to do, than to carry his Troops into diftant Provinces, Provinces they had never feen, and but rarely beard of before, to look for thofe Enemies who before had purfu'd them into the Heart of their own; and he found every where a Succefs anfwer-able to theGreatnefs of bis Soul and, the Glory of his Projcds, " While this Great Prince was reaping fo many Laurels in the Purfuit of Military Glory, and had infpired bis People with even a Love of Arms, fo that a Mufcovite was then confider'd on a Foot with the Soldier of any other brave Nation, he was not forgetful of the ftill nobler and itiori ufeful Arts. He bad learnt himfelf the Art of Ship-building in bis Travels to England and Holland, and he became at his Leifure-Sea^' ions a Shipwright, working as a common Workman in Docks, which he himfelf had made, and introduced to Perfection the Art of Building and Commanding Ships, where none had ever been feen.before : Some Ports favourable to his Defign, lu- conquer'd from hit Enemies, and others he made fo. He even taught great stivers to flow, where before was dry Land, and made Lakes Navigable, that from the Foundation of the World bad beeni a huge Mafs of flagnatcd and ujcleft Water!.1 He built Cities convenient for rhe Perpetual ting of Ms Glorious Defignsas to Commerce' and Navigation, eftablifhed Academies, and Nurftries of Learning ; and t^uffus faw het felf, with a Rapidity next to that of the Creating Fiat, at once famous for Arts) and Sciences, which they had never before heard of; and many an -old murmuring dif-conteoted Boyar retir'd into the obfeureft Part of bis uncultivated Domains, out of the Reach of Politenefs and his Sovereign,*T! privately mutter'd, that he durft notttir abroad, becaufe he knew not bis own Country again. From thefe Beginnings he rais'd a Fleet fo formidable, that it gave Pain even to the Maritime Powers, and aw'd the Baltic, and afterwards the Cafpian Sea, with Navies;' that a fe. Savagenefs little inferior to that of Bears and wild Beafts, were taught to excel in all the Arts that diftinguifh Rational from Brutal Animals. Under the formful Hand of fucb a Prince^ was this excellent Commander finiftied both for the Camp and the Cabinet : Of Htm he learn'd the fagacious Fore fight which in a manner infur'd Succefs to his Enterprises j he was en do w'd with'a happy Portion of bis Great Matter's Patience and Fortitude, and had, from, his Exampfe, to boaft of an Intrepidity in Action, that was a Match for even that of the Swede ; but which was the lefs glaring, a) it was lefs rafh, and was govern'd by a Pr�-dence, that the Wifeft extoll'd, while the Braveft could not cenfure it. Tbefe very great Advantages bad the Ruffian Minifter over the Baron. But there are fome Circumftances in their Fortunes and in their Fall, which will caufe them to be tranfm'tted down together to Pofterity as the two Greareft and moftUn* fortunate Minifter* of the Age in which thej liv'd : And I could be glad to fee fome able Pen, in an impartial and juft manner, becom* ing the Truth of Hiftory, improve the Hints I have given, and for the Sake of Pofterity oblige the World with the Lives and Adions of tbefe two Great Minifters, and alfo of the Great Count Piper, the firft Mini^ fler of Charles XII. in all the fuccefsful Pare of his Reign, till the fatal Battle of Pultowa ; in which the Glorious Actions of their illuftrious Sovereigns, will be fo neceflarily included. I will not by Apology add to the Length!, of this i and am, " S IRJ Tours, &c. � ;