Canberra Times in Canberra, Australian-Capital-Territory 5 Jun 1944
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Canberra Times (Newspaper) - June 5, 1944, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory
National Library of Australia fifth army troops fighting in outer Home germans admit Allied Advance London. Sunday. Fifth army forces Are fighting in the outskirts of Rome. The . Correspondent at advanced head quarters reports that since 6.50 . German tanks have been fighting american spearheads on the outskirts of rom. The germans Are staging a heavy rearguard action to delay the Allied entry into Rome until their troops withdraw. Allied forces in Haly have smash id through the Gorman positions boil from Rome and Are nuts with in to Miles of the italian capital fam whore according to Swiss to ports there Are indications that the Granns Are pulling out. The latest dispatches i a the front on saturday night included a import from Reuters Corr with the eighth army that units of the eighth and fifth armies to night linked up on Highway six thus German police who were being quietly withdrawn. The Rome correspondent of the journal de Gen Eves says that ger Man uniforms Are growing less and loss on Rome s streets and that few military vehicles can be seen except red Cross ambulances filled with wounded i rom the front. The food situation meanwhile is hourly grow ing worse and the people Are on of t rations with Little new food coming in. The Allied chief in the. Mediterranean general Maitland Wilson yesterday urged. The germans to abandon Rome and warned Thal ii they chose to defend the City the Al lies would to obliged to use Force to eject them. General Maitland Wilson said the Allied authorities were deeply conscious of the unique position Rome occupied a one of the chief historic religious and cultural centres of the world. Vichy radio declared the abandon Mont of Rome by the German High command would not have any strategic significance. Reuters correspondent at us Vance Allied Headquarters said yesterday that after the capture of Valmon Tonc and the cutting of Highway six thu americans moved East Down Tho Rome Load to close the Allied Pinc ers last phases of fighting co respondent at advanced Headquarters states that the fifth army has taken Nemi on the shores of Lake Nemi and the whole of High Way 0 has been wrested from the enemy to within a few Miles of Rome the Allied communique states that the fifth army after convert ing the penetration of the enemy defence lines into a break through in Many places is now holding most of the Collins Zalc Mountain Domina Ting the Nappi Oathes of Rome All Zeiman Houth of High Way j has Censed. The eighth army is continuing to in gave the enemy vigorously As he withdraws and has captured Colle Ferrari and a Agni. Colle Feno is a munition Centre and railway Junction South of Rome. According to Algiers radio Allied forces have taken Alletra. The Exchange Telegraph correspondent at Algiers reports that the enemy is putting up stiff resistance on the High Points of the Innet ring of the Alban Hills Algiers radio states1 that the fifth army has broken through the ene my s defence lines in the Alban Hills and is now pushing on towards Rocca i papa two Miles East of Marino commanding the Don Hill Road to Rome this thrust follows Cloi Ely the capture of Lanu Vio arid Nemi and other strategic Heights the loss of the Val Montone area is Likely to increase Kesselring s sup ply difficulties As most of his Muni Jion and fuel dump in this Region Reuters correspondent reporting from advanced Allied headquarter a states that the fifth army had taken another 1,000 prisoners up to noon on saturday making the fifth army s total of More than 15,000 Reuters correspondent at Allied Headquarters says that the fifth an d eighth armies effected a Junction 1ti Miles from Val Montone a group of British tanks forming the advanced spearhead1 up Highway six met an american jeep from Tho fifth army the tanks and jeep were separated by a Crater Oneie the germans had blown up the Road. One of the american occupants of the jeep crossed the Crater and Shook hands with the commander of the tank group German admission the Berlin High command com Munique states that the enemy on saturday on both sides of Highway six North from the Alban Hills sue needed in pressing Back our Trout to an area six Miles from Rome. Our troops West of the Alban Hills have withdrawn towards the tiber. Rome radio to Day said it is not known what the news will be for the next few Days or even for the next few hours. Rome May fall. We know we shall fight on. There is however a general impression that general Alexander wants to use Rome As a base for future operations of the Al lies. In that Case he will have to accept the entire responsibility for the ruin and destruction to which it would be subjected " i advice to Rome Naples radio on saturday night broadcast a special message to Home from general Alexander and marshal Sadoglio. Citizens Mist be United to pre serve Rome from destruction / said the message. You must do every thing possible to prevent the enemy exploding mines which might be placed under Bridges under govern ment offices under monasteries and under other buildings throughout Rome. You must Al a protect Telegraph and Telephone lines radio stations and Saf Guai d for your own us Publia services like water tanks Power stations Gas works and protest railway installations trams and trolley buses. Hide your foodstuffs fro i 1w enemy and show Allied patrols where mines Are remove All Barroca Des from the streets vital to the Alles so that troops can pass through Rome quickly in order to Complete the destruct lion of the German armies Retreat ing northward ,. Citizens of Rome this is not a moment for demonstrations. Obey these instructions and continue your daily work. Rome is yours. You duty is to save the City. Ours is the destruction of the the Exchange Telegraph s correspondent with the fifth army says that general Clark issued an order that the fifth army s immediate task was to pursue and destroy the withdrawing enemy. Rome would come later. False Flash of r invasion news stirs new York new York sunday an inexperienced operator in the America to associated press office in London in an unauthorised practice caused american associated press to move on All its wires throughout America an erroneous message that general Eisenhower had announced Al lied landings in France an Houi later american associated press released the explanation at 17 39 new York time Ameri can associated press the London office i inter flashed an announce ment of Allied landings in Fiance two minutes later came a message bust that Flash word went out immediately to withhold publication Foi nearly an hour american associated press office in new York did not receive an explanation from London other than a service message ascribing it As transmission error then London office explained that an inexperienced operator was responsible " United press says that the lbs and Abc broadcast the american associated Picas message at new York baseball Parks whore it was cat tied by loud speakers crowds Rdse and offered a minute s prayer associated press flashed the american associated press Story three seconds after receiving the message but was Able to kill it before trans Mission to Australia Tito escapes capture by nazis London saturday. German paratroops in a dramatic raid on yugoslav partisan . Missed capturing marshal Tito by an hour. Field marshal Rommel personally directed the attack which was made on May 25. Tito s Headquarters were in a Grotto near drava in Bosnia. In the Early morning dive bombers attacked then German paratroops and glider Bome infantry with tanks and artillery landed. Tito and most of his staff including the British Liaison officer Cap Tain Randolph Churchill escaped to the mountains. Withdrawing into the Minaric Alps where partisans know every Goat Tiack they were Egony an hour be foie the first enemy troops reached his stronghold. Role of marshal Tito s army marshal Tito s Anny of liberation in Yugoslavia has killed More than 300,000 German. Italian and other troops ,1n the past three years. His own Force in the same period has suffered Between 100.000 and 120,000 men killed. A Cable containing these estimates received by the russian legation at Canberra states that these figures testify to the part which Tito s armies have played in their struggle against the Hitler Ite coalition and against German and fascist in. Vaders. Tito s seasoned army of 300,000 Strong stands on the Southern Bor Ders of the German Reich in the heart of the Balkan Peninsula on the Hank of the German armies operating in Rumania and in Italy. When the German inva Ders occupied Yugo Slavia in 1941, states the Cable they thought that the natural resources of the country Coal non ferrous metals Iron Ore forests Grain and cattle As Well As reserves of Man Power would difficulty be brought into the German War machine and would feed it throughout the entire course of the War. For the past three years Tito s army has shown that nothing came of these plans. The Only thing the germans got out of Yugoslavia was bombs and plea for spiritual Post War plans London sunday. The archbishop of Westminster archbishop Griffin in a pastoral letter said even our limited vision enables us to see something of the Good which god is bringing North from the evils of these times. As the allies gather strength for the decisive onslaught schemes Are Al ready afoot for a better happier Post War world. All this is excellent so Long As personal rights and the Freedom of the individuals Are Safe guarded but More urgent is spiritual regeneration of our nazi guards Man pyrenees London. Saturday. A swedish correspondent in Berlin reports that the germans have Forti fied the French Spanish Frontier and now hold positions in the pyrenees Britain warned against Gas London. Saturday. Warning to take cure of Gas masks was Given by Field " Marsha lord Birdwood speaking Al the stroke on Trent Salute the Soldier Campaign. He said we know that the ger mans have promised not to use Gas but every Promise they make is made to be broken when it pays them to do so. I have no doubt that when they finally Realise How completely defeat faces them they May Well go mad dog and release1 Gas Over our troops and Over military targets bombed on French coast heaviest yet in Pas de Calais London sunday. Bomber command planes last night attacked military targets on the French coast and also bombed Frederick shaven. Mines were also Laid in enemy Waters. All planes returned. It is officially announced that flying fortresses and libera tors escorted by Mustangs and thunderbolts this morning attacked German military installations in he Boulogne area and a similar Force of bombers escorted by Mustangs subsequently i attacked the same area. It was officially announced that havoc late on saturday bombed the Airfield at Chartres while marauders attacked tie Road Bridge Over the Seine 10 Miles West of Paris also military objectives in France. J More than 400 Mustangs lightnings and Thunderbolt lighter bomb ors on saturday afternoon cat ried out a series of strafing and dive bomb ing attacks against scores of military targets across the Channel including canal and River Baiges factories and railway and Road by Leges. Locomotives grounded planet on airfields railway Yards motor con Voys Oil tanks troop carrying lor Ries warehouses uak Tower and radio installations Weic also attacked. Places attacked included Chauny the Rynler co Peigne Courcelle Dreux Ceil and Rouen. Pilots re ported that they did not encounter enemy planes but flak was heavy in Home target areas. Two thunderbolts and one Mustang did not return. With a double punch against the ene my s rocket coast positions in the Pas de Calais area and sustained blasting of communications in France and the Low countries Allied air arms on saturday maintained the Tei Rifle intensity of softening assault i from the air. About 500 flying Foi tresses delivered a double attack on the Pas de Calais area. The press association s aeronautical correspondent estimates that 5,000 tons of High explosives have been cascaded Down on emplacements in this area in the past 36 hours. He Points out that the Pas de Calais area has been hit Day after Day for 50 Days. No bombers Weie lost in the morning or the afternoon As saults and Only one fighter is miss ing. \ no enemy fighter opposition was encountered in either attack but pilots reported heavy that they had to Fly by instruments. Reuters listening Post reports that radio Calais which la one of the most important in the German euro Pean network and which is extensively used for propaganda has not been heard since 1.27 on thursday. More than 1,000 bombers chiefly american fortresses and liberators struck hard at German defences on the French Channel coast on Friday when the Pas de Calais area took its heaviest blasting of the War. In the afternoon More fortresses and liberators flew int fish a to bomb rail targets at manay Falaiseau Juv Isy. And adheres West and South West of Paris. Later More than 300 marauders i and havoc assaulted Northern France. . Spitfires and typhoons concentrated on military Road traffic. Scout planes have obtained evidence that German repair gangs Are engaged in a desperate but hopeless race to Patch smashed communication lines. Many vital Road and rail Bridges have been cuty notably at Rouen and on a rail network spreading out from Paris to Atlantic. Coast Porta. Thunderbolts and lightnings hit four rail and Road Bridges Over the Seine Between Paris and the coast cutting still More links Between Northern and South Western France raids deep into Balkans targets for United states bombers which operating from Mediterranean bases on Friday went on to land in Russia included Cluj in Transylvania. Three hungarian targets also bombed were Szolom an . Tar get on thursday night Szeged 55 Miles East South East of Budapest a Junction of the main Budapest Bucharest route five Miles from the Yugo Slavian Frontier and Makolo 100 Miles North East of Budapest on the main line to Buda pest and Tarnopol. Large fires were left in Szolom Yards. At Szeged heavy bombs hit both choke Points. In these raids one of the Middle East air Force s deepest penetrations into the Balkans Only three fighters were seen and slight flak was encountered. German radio network shattered the German network in North West Europe is being wrecked b i pocket hiring types of precision bombing spitfires. Ranging 100 Miles Over enemy occupied territory Allied planet Are striking at Many vital radio centres and especially trained pilots Are Mak ing Surprise raids on radio installations. The air ministry news service says that the . Has made 175 major bombing attacks against enies and important railway Yards in Germany including 22 on Berlin. Major at tacks Are defined As those in which not less than 500 tons of bombs were dropped. I soldiers injured in accidents Melbourne sunday. Two soldiers were injured one seriously in suburban railway accidents last night. Private Thomas Corvett of sea Holme had both legs amputated at the ankle when hit by a train. Earlier Sergt. John Edward Bethune received head injuries when he fell on to the track while attempt ing to step from one Trai nto another near Yarraville. German attacks fail at Jassy the Moscow communique on sat urday stated that the russians North West and West from Jassy repelled Large enemy infantry and tank attacks. The communique adds that Veri fied figures show that the russians in this area on Friday destroyed 48 tanks and 24 planes. There was no changes on other sectors but the russians on Friday shot Down 37 planes along the whole front. The approaches to Jassy Ruma Nia Are strewn with enemy dead said the Moscow communique saturday. In one sector alone 000 germans were killed seven tanks and three self propelled guns destroyed. The German is to Forestal an expected russian offensive into re mania but All the enemy Han achieved has been to drive a few minor wedges in the russian line. South East of Stanislaow the russians repelled four German at tacks killing More than 200 of the enemy. Russian Active in Gulf of Finland the activity of Small russian naval Craft in the Gulf of Finland is worrying the germans. Both Finland and Germany Are asking when the main russian Fleet will try. To Transfer to the Baltic. Russian naval Beer carrying the germans along the Southern shores of the Gulf. Soviet minesweepers have been particularly Busy. In Germany the labour expert of the nazi party journal Voel Kischer Beo Zachter warned that the rus Sian Baltic Fleet was by no Means destroyed during the German siege of Leningrad. I i Britain s huge plane output London saturday. The minister for aircraft production sir Stafford Cripps revealed to Day that 27,273 new pianos were delivered from factories in the United kingdom during the twelve months ended March 1, 1944. This figure compares with 1,830 in 1036, 2,827 in 1038, 7,940 in 1939, and 10,049 in 1940. For a country of this size which is right on the enemy s Doorstep we have every reason to be proud of what we have achieved in aircraft production he said. / he added that comparison of num Bers alone substantially under estimated the Progress made As big ger and better planes were being produced every Yeal the bomb Load capacity at 1,000 Miles Range of the bombers produced last year was nearly 35,000 tons compared with 4,500 tons in 1940. Or. Curtin confers with service chiefs Washington saturday. The prime minister or. Curtin i changed his plans for a restful Day i i after he arrived in Washington. He conferred at length with combined chiefs of staff. Truscott spitfire for War memorial London saturday. The spitfire flown by me late Squadron Leader Keith Bluey Truscott . And bar is included in three Veteran planes operated by australian squadrons in Britain which Are being prepared for dispatch to Australia for exhibition in the australian War museum. Parts of a fourth plane Are being retained for the same purpose states australian air Force Headquarters. Nav certs cancelled for , saturday. All British Nav certs for Mediterranean voyages by Spanish Portu Guese and Swiss ships Are believed to have been virtually suspended from Friday reports the Lisbon Cor respondent of Reuters who says that even two or three Swiss ships which were previously allowed to take Iron rations for Switzerland have been forbidden to proceed. One Swiss ship which had already left Lisbon had its Nav Cert cancelled by wireless and had to return to1 Lisbon. Americans gain ground on . In the face of determined enemy resistance at Mok Mer Airfield on Biak Island off the coast of dutch new Guinea United states forces have pushed round the Ridge Clearing Many positions and ave reached to flee height to the North of our beachhead at Bosnyk. The japanese Are being dislodged from Treal defences on the Cliff Side and some of 5the enemy Are committing suicide rather than surrender. The bodies of hundreds of suicides have been found. " in spite of the hopelessness of their position the japanese Are continuing to counter attack and in the Despur ate counter attack on thursday 81 were killed. Our ground forces Are being sup ported by naval shelling and on wednesday a destroyer Sank three barges containing about 25 japanese in a Cove about 10 Miles East of Bosanek. At dusk on thursday 15 bombers at tacked our positions but were driven off before causing serious damage seven being shot Down. The two Small islands of owl and wore incl were occupied on Friday morning without opposition. The australians moving along the coast from Padang made an unopposed Landing on Karkar Island off Cape Cro Silles. Air \ attacks during the last few Days have ranged from strikes at Ambola and Ceram in the Banda sea to Low level Surprise attacks on Wolean of the Caroline islands. A Liberator on reconnaissance saw about 2,000 japanese troops and swept Down to bomb and strafe them kill ing about 200 and wounding at least 300. Another 50 tons of bombs was unloaded on Rabaul. Official communique North Western sector Banda sea our heavy and medium units at night bombed Laha and Liang Aerodromes on Ambrina Nam Lea on Boerne and Kair Atoe on Coram. Fires were started in All tar get Arcas. Other planes attacked let fear aerodrome in the Kai is lands and strafed Tepa Village in the Barbar group. Timor our medium units destroyed a 1000-ton enemy cargo vessel and a coastal vessel near Cape Batu Merah North East of Koppang. North Eastern sector dutch new Guinea Timika our medium units in a morning attack bombed and strafed the aerodrome and nearby villages with 20 tons of explosives starting fuel fires and damaging installations. A patrol plane attacked barges at Wakita 40 Miles further West. Noem foor our escorted medium units attacked enemy Shore installations and destroyed Karges. Biak Island our heavy units bombed assigned targets behind the enemy lines while naval units shelled targets at Lokmer and Parai and Sank three troop Laden barges along the coast East of Bosanek. " our ground forces continue to Dis Lodge the enemy from defended positions and have occupied open ground North of Bosanek. A counter attack was repulsed and 81 enemy were killed and abandoned by him. An additional 100 enemy dead were found in one of the captured caves Over looking the coastal Road. Fifteen enemy fighter bombers at tacking at dusk in Force were driven off by our anti aircraft defences with he Joss of seven shot Down. Ele ments of our ground forces landed on own and Goeldi islands. Carml Maflin our medium units bombed and strafed enemy bivouac Arcas. British now Guinea weak area our heavy1 and medium units bombed Supply areas it weak while fighter bombers struck targets on the coast East of a tape. Australian have landed on Karkar Island off Cape Crol Ailles. New Ireland our Solomons air patrols silenced three gun positions on the South East coast and bombed Cape st. George. One plane was lost new Britain Rabaul our Solo Mons based air units dropped Over 50 tons on Tobera Vun Pope and Taulli starting several fires. Other pianos raided the township and a Tupi. Fighter patrols destroyed five barges off Duke of York Island. Bougainville our air patrols and fighter bombers damaged installations in the Buka area and harassed minor targets around the shorelines. Our night surface patrols destroyed a Barge off the South West coast. Caroline islands our admiralty based heavy units in a Low level sur prise attack on Wolean caused heavy casualties to enemy personnel on the aerodrome 2,000 troops wore caught on the Field and casualties were estimated at 500. Other planes raided targets at Truk no Moi and Pul wat islands. Hawaiian Seaman rescues two flyers from our War correspondent Axel Olsen the heroism of the hawaiian sea Man in the . Merchantman who rescued an injured flyer in the South West Pacific area has been officially reported to the . Navy. The hero is William l. Needham who sighted two men clinging to a Wing tip. He swam 150 Yards through shark infested water to in scum a wounded Man whom he brought Back to the ship and tied to a ladder while he went Fack for the other. Asked about his exploit he said i did not worry much about the " Jap Leader killed new York sunday. Tokyo slates that lieutenant general Katagiri was Killel m action on april 8 while directing operations in the Padang sector of new Guinea. Karagin commanded the troops sent to intercept the Allied invasion i Force that landed North of Flinsch Hafen on september 22, 1943. Japs in Retreat London. Sunday. To Day s South East Asia command communique Staten that the japanese have with drawn North West of Kol Iima. Our troops have raided Jap anese positions 30 Miles South East of Kohima and captured Large quantities of supplies. The japanese have withdrawn from gun Hill South West of by Shenaur leaving Many dead. Heavy fighting in China chunking sunday. General Stilwell s communique states that despite heavy Rains the chinese on the Salween River have gained the outskirts of Chi actor where fierce fighting is taking place. Other chinese to oops forged slowly East towards wat Ian continual japanese attacks on Chang Aba from the direction of Pingkuang have been repulsed but the japanese have made Finah land Ings on the bout hem Shore of the Tung Tien Lake in Honan province the japs have captured two Strong Points East of Chang Toh and North cast of Chang Sha. To the West they have seized an so Ang tit have been stopped near Han show. This places them 22 Miles East of Changten the chinese also stopped a Thoni major prong at a Weill 40 Miles North of Changsha. Chinese army spokesman major general Tseng said that enemy tra Tegyo was to apply More pressure on China As the allies increased their pressure on Japan in the Pacific. Chicago Tribune incensed at australian ban new York sunday the Chicago Tribune is incensed about the refusal by the australian government for permission to sprint on australian edition for american servicemen. � United states soldiers agree Fiat news from Home is the most Valu Able thing in their lives states the australian news papers prefer despatches from Reu Ter to those of associated press which Are available to them. Australian newspapers -a1�o a Valr or a practice of understating America work in the War and the deeds and victories of United states fighting men. Had it not been for the . Army and Navy Australia would to Day be under japanese control. The australians were prepared to Abac Don the country and to give up everything North of the Bris Bane line when general Macarthur and the . Navy arrived to begin the defence of Australia. Australian rookies were training with wooden guns. The United states should Nee to it that the people of Australia As Well As All the possessions conquered from the enemy should observe the four freedoms. Raaf. Ground staff to be brought Back Melbourne sunday. Arrangements Are now in nand for the gradual return to Australia of . Ground staffs attached to British and australian ainu Karoris outside the South West Pacific area. An endeavour Wii be made for the men to be returned As Early As pos sible in the order of their length of service overseas. The minister for air or. Drake Fordin making the announcement to night said that he desired to pay a tribute to the splendid men who in the less spectacular sectors of Tho War had shown Devotion and loyalty to duty. Painless childbirth. New York saturday. University of California is report de to Hove developed t method a painless childbirth. This is achieved by anaesthetist no ure pain carrying nerves of the spinal Cord thereby achieving Complete safety for the Mother and child the patient is free to move re cd. Or sleep As she wishes thus avoid ing the harmful after effects Sorc Quentlyn observed in direct. Spinal anaesthesia. The now method requires. Expert handling and May not be widely employed. Police complaint against . Patrols Cairns inspector Elford stated in the police court this morning that civil police received no co operation Oom. Us military police. Two . Naval ratings had Koen arrested on thursday night on of Sceno language charges but had been. Handed Over the . Milita a Ponce on conditions a . Petty officer had undertaken to honour but the men had failed to appear until 10 minute after the court had opened on Satur Day. He�1 alleged that Shoie or Tirol deliberately took men from the custody of ship Patro Aulvin be Case had obstructed civil poem in making a arrest. ?
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