Page 1 of 19 Apr 1937 Issue of Canberra Times in Canberra, Australian-Capital-Territory

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Canberra Times (Newspaper) - April 19, 1937, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory World naval building danger seen from Japan Britain and . To consult / London saturday. Japan s abstention from the London naval agreement or 1936, and her action in declining to disclose her building pro grammes have raised considerable difficulties for the British Empire and the United states. President Roosevelt is particularly anxious to ascertain the latest British viewpoint and accordingly his confidant or. Norman Davis conferred with the first lord of the admiralty sir Samuel Hoare in the House of commons for an hour yesterday. The United state is disturbed by the fact that Japan possessing the third largest Navy in the world is not bound by any limitations regard ing the sizes of ships or guns where As great Britain and America Are at least pledged not to exceed 35,000 tons for capital ships and 14-Inch guns. The problem is whether great Bri Tain and the United states May be compelled to match Japan although Britain intends to adhere to the decision that the five battleships Al ready ordered by her shall be of 35,000 tons with 14-Inch guns in accordance with Thev policy to establish a homogeneous Squadron. It is understood that naval experts advocate a homogeneous squad Ron policy for Australia in prefer ence to isolated types in connection with the proposed new construction programme. Consequently it is expected that the Imperial conference discussions on the matter will concentrate on cruisers and destroyers aiming to supplement the categories which Australia already possesses. Sir Samuel Hoate in a speech to night at a dinner of naval construe tors said As the minister responsible for one of the navies of the world i should be lacking in my duty if i did not ask other naval Powers to think once again of the almost in tolerable Burden which will be placed on All our shoulders in the absence of building he urged avoidance of unlimited and suicidal Competition and added that it would be a great calamity if the lessons in limitations due to the Washington conference were neglected. Britain to make further Appeal i sir Samuel Hoare pointed out that the proposals which great Britain France and America accepted last year would not Only limit the size of the armaments of the bigger ships but they would dissipate suspicion and Avert panic by an interchange of information thus preventing the construction of secret types of ves Sels. ,1 the naval Powers be added should show the land and air Powers that it was possible to maket agreements and keep them. no reason Why great Britain and. Japan should not resume their former Friendly re lations. Arms smuggling Fortt Teho tade deals completed in Finland alleged complicity of two englishmen London saturday the marquess , writing in the sunday discloses an alleged plan to run nearly �a3,000,000 Worth of ammunition and arms to Spain in which he asserts that Victor Harvey 21 year old son of lord Herbert Harvey for Mer British minister in Peru and John Christopher Lonsdale known in the West end As a Man about town hoped to make �50,000 each. Donegal declares that he picked up the Trail at a West end reception and followed it to Finland eventually discovering a Gigantic arms ring with Headquarters in London Paris Oslo and hels engfors. He alleges that there was spying counter spy ing and bribery. Donegal asserts that Victor har vey after an introduction to a Lon Don Man in Florida received from the. Spanish government agent in pans a letter of credit for �378,000 whereupon he went to Finland and met edouard Godillot the Spanish government arms inspector. In hels engfors Harvey arranged with Captain Jusu a finnish arms dealer who made �a500,000 in no months in arms smuggling for a Large sup ply of arms including 455 russian machine guns 85,000 rifles from Belgium Norway and Finland and 130 000 hand grenades from Hull costing �2,709,000. It was to be sold at f2,952,000, put As the finns were violently anti communist a certificate enabling shipment to the Span ish government Cost �5 000 Donegal also alleges that Lonsdale told him he had arranged to let general Franco know How he could capture ships carrying arms to Spain and for this information he and Harvey were to receive �30.000 each the article adds if god Ilott finds a. Ship to take the arms which at present he has not yet done and the government extends crr Clit the Deal fray yet be a us jew ? Mollison to Fly for Cape record Paris saturday. Jim Mollison told the news paper Lesoir that he hoped to leave for Capetown next Satur Day completing the journey in 2j famine through Early Rains expulsion of trades and missionaries London saturday special correspondent of the times in Abyssinia states that unusually Early and heavy Rains in that country have interfered with the transport of foodstuffs almost Caus ing a famine in certain areas. No meat is available in the occupied territories and Only a few vege tables can be obtained in some parts. Any hindrance to transport for 24 hours is disastrous where thousands Are concerned. It is most hazardous for the italians to move except As organised groups As the recent reprisals have terrorised the people and driven them into desperation. Meanwhile merchants of Allna tonalities Are being turned out. The Besse co. Ltd. Was fined �15,000, in addition to expulsion but no explanation was Given for these actions. All missionaries except roman catholics have been ejected with Little or no notice. This is attributed to the italians reaction to the. Constant fear in which they have lived since the occupation was achieved. South Africa reply to German protest no unfriendly motive Capetown saturday. U declaring that the government s anti nazi proclamation in regard to South West Africa formerly a Ger Man Colony is not a breach of the mandate entrusted to the Union the prime minister general Hertzog sent the following reply to the Ger a Man government s note of protest i assure Germany that South Africa is not inspired by unfriendly motives but it is imperative to ensure proper administration of the territory for which the Union of South Africa is responsible and to promote its ordered development. The Reich May consider the proclamation combative Only in that it is directed against practices which the Union considers would prevent conciliation Between sections of the population against the interests of German and other inhabitants. The activities in the mandated territory is j of some German nationals and non British subjects were the immediate cause of the proclamation which applies equally to All non britishers and i not merely to \ i k Al pm or �11 Jii Tukim . Executive Sydney meeting . Attendance in doubt Sydney sunday. Despite efforts of the state . To postpone the meeting of the Central executive until after the Gwydir by election it was Learned to night that the executive will meet in Sydney next tuesday As originally determined. The executive will have before it the appeals of the former labour members of the . Against their expulsion from the party. It is claimed that four states Victoria South Australia Western Australia and Queensland will be prepared to give favourable consideration to the appeals. There is some doubt whether new South Wales will attend the Confer ence although it is stated it would be a tactical error for this state not to attend the conference. A delegation of representatives of Many important unions including the australian railways Union the min ers federation and the a.w.u., All of which Are supporting the expelled members will wait on the executive shortly after it reaches Sydney. Missing Man found on Crest of red Hill after being missing from his Home since saturday morning John dig-1 Man 67, was found by a police party i in the Bush on red Hill last night.1 the old Man who had apparently been suffering from loss of memory was in a weak state when found. He was admitted to Canberra Hospital. Digman who lived at Gipps Street Barton left Home at 9.15 . On saturday saying that he intended to go to Kingston. When he had not. Returned Home at 4 30 p ra., his wife communicated with the police and a search1, was instituted throughout the District search parties visited various spots in and around Canberra and a description of the missing Man was broadcast. At 5 . Yesterday the police received advice that the old Man had been seen walking along Flinders Way on saturday morning. Constable Perlman assisted by constables Hilton Broadribb Grove Weiss and Bresnan organised search parties and with the assistance of local residents commenced to comb the Bush in the Vicinity of red Hill. Digman was found by the party led by Constable Hilton. He appeared to be suffering from the effects of exposure. Approximately 30 residents took part in the search and Constable Perriman Foncer in charge at the Acton police station last night expressed the police appreciation of the assistance Given by the Public. Curtain rises in Rugby season old rivals meet at Queanbeyan Home Side s Victory the Rugby league football season opened with a trial game Between the Queanbeyan and Canberra representative teams at Queanbeyan yesterday when the blues gained the upper hand in the closing stages and out winners by 1 0 Points to 5. Both teams included new players whose technique was closely watched by the selectors and coaches the Canberra forwards without exception acquitted themselves creditably r Dowling being outstand ing however the game was marred l by an incident which resulted in j Grant Canberra being set off by the referee Grant had insisted in giving a Little More than he received Canberra s Back division was some what disappointing individually the backs played with great heart and determination but they lacked the ability to show the cohesion that would have meant Victory their passing was often at fault but this was excusable in the first game of the season Grimes was playing his first game after a spell of two years owing to injury his exhibition was favour ably commented upon by the coach or o Rourke As also was that of j Kearney f Walkington As full Back was impressive " Queanbeyan also took the oppor i % to. A a a a a Unity of trying out a number of new players and with the material on hand it appears Likely that the blues will Field one of the Strong est combinations in years the majority of the veterans of last season Are stripping again most prominent being Norton o Neill and r Rowley in the backs and w Pola Phillips and Mcintyre in the forwards new Comers who were having their first run with the team were Corcoran Day Andrews and Savage while r in wan b Moore d Kearney will iams and Mcinnes who have been seen in1 action in previous seasons also displayed Good form the Home team was Able to clap on the extra pressure during the closing stages and As has often happened when these two teams have met this Reserve of strength was responsible for their Victory the teams were Norton e o Neill Williams 4 r Swan b Moore d Kearney r Rowley w Pola Mcintyre Phillips Mcinnes Savage i "1 Corcoran Day and Andrews replaced o Neill and Swan in the second half. . Walkington h. Rob Bie j. Kearney l. O Brien a. O Brien h. Speering w. Grimes a Stanwell w. Hunter r. Dowling j. Grant e. Leech a. Ongley. F. Do Jan replaced e. Leech in the second half. Canberra kicked off Down Field and Walkington lined out in Queanbeyan Quarter. A. Penalty kick by a. O Brien from just inside half Way. Fell Short and j. Norton cleared and Dowling Mcnamara Robbie and o Brien were prominent in a Forward movement but the Home defence was sound. J Grant and r. Dowling each broke away with individual rushes but were hauled Down. Another at tempt at goal by o Brien failed and play remained at mid Field. Canberra forwards were giving their backs a feast of the Ball but the handling was very unsatisfactory. O Neill got off in a Nice open movement. He passed to r. Rowley who in turn sent out to Phillips. However the Ball was intercepted in front of goal and j. Kearney transferred play to half Way. Up till this stage Canberra had been forcing the Pace but faulty handling had spoiled Many promis ing movements first score was re corded by Queanbeyan when o Neill kicked a penalty goal from an easy position. Queanbeyan 2 Canberra 0. A. O Brien and Dowling were prominent in a move to Queanbeyan line where after severe rucking the Ball went out from Stanwell to j. Kear Ney who fumbled when crossing the line however the Canberra for wards fucked the Ball toss. Grant 4 continued on Page 2. Motor strike heavy Cost in America full production again. Detroit saturday. It is estimated the Automo Tive workers strike in the past five months has Cost the work ers 70,000,000 dollars in wages and delayed business to the extent of 200,000,000 Dol. Lars part of which has actually been lost. Reports however indicate that the companies Are rapidly nearing full production again. It is hoped that 130,000 cars will be turned out next week which will be the highest level since 1929. A a jts pm Malayan gift sultans May Opfer battleship contributions to Singapore defence London saturday. While several malay sultans Are in London for the Coronation it is forecast that they will made a hand some gesture towards the Empire and the possibility being discussed that the gift will be a battleship. H . Malaya which the sultans gave to King George v. Before the War was one of the most successful ships at the Battle of malay states is among the 1 richest governments in the world. Their surplus is increasing owing to rubber and tin booms and this sur plus May be devoted to the Purchase of a battleship. 1 the sultans whose Rule is Guaran teed by Britain Are most anxious to see the Singapore base completed As speedily As possible and an effective Battle Squadron stationed there. The Sultan of Johore has already contributed �500,000 to the base. It is suggested that in 1938 the Queen Elizabeth Barham Malaya and Warspite May be stationed at Singapore Ca operating with the australian new zealand China and East indies squadrons enclosed by Points at Hong Kong Singapore Trincomalee Darwin and Auckland. The dutch who have become Ner Vous since the German Japan pact Are strongly fortifying the East in Dies bases increasing their Navy army and air establishments and Are prepared to co operate to the full est with the Anglo australian forces. Mrs. Lands in Banka Island anxiety at Singapore. Singapore saturday. Considerable anxiety was Felt for . Bonney when she was several hours overdue on the flight from Batavia but it was Learned to night that she had landed safely at 2 . At Mun Tock Banka Island. She will remain there for the night and expects to continue the flight to Singapore to Morrow. When . Bonney failed to arrive at Singapore on time an air and sea search was instituted and there was great Relief at the news she was Safe. Papua opening of new District patrol station action is shortly to be taken by the papuan administration to open the Strickland Purpari District Papua through which epic journeys were recently made by the hides Omalley expedition and the Champion Adams patrol. The area to be developed represents one of the last sections of the Brite ish Empire to make Contact with the White Man and the Only uncontrolled area in Papua. The first step in the civilisation of the natives will be the establishment of a patrol station to the Interior where White officers there will Inake Contact with the natives and will a custom them to the ways of the White Man. Additional outposts will be established later in the lesser known parts of the District. No official estimate will be made of the time which it will take to pre pare the natives for peaceful penetration by the is Felt that the sympathetic methods adopted by the administration will expedite this work. Lake Kujubu has been suggested by or. Champion As the location for the main Camp. He Points out that Contact could be maintained with the outside world by the establishment1 of a seaplane base. The value of the land traversed by Champion and Adams rests on the possible discovery of Gold and Oil and it is understood that when the District is thrown open for White settlement efforts will be made by experienced prospectors and firms to locate these substances. It is expected that Jack Hiles who journeyed through the Strickland up rare District As a patrol officer will be one of the first to undertake the search for Gold. Nomic conference i May be called this year. It belgian Premier to sound a Roosevelt a London sunday. The diplomatic writer of the observer declares the possibility of another monetary and economic conference in the autumn is being discussed in diplomatic quarters. A it is believed that the belgian prime minister m. Van Zee land will interview president Roosevelt in this respect when he goes to America in june. Meanwhile it is regarded As significant that experts of the Oslo conference Are drafting a Multi lateral agreement aiming Ait the improvement of International Trade by reducing obstacles. To run blockade British s. Plan Charters food ship for Bilbao will test safety of port London saturday. Or. Maxton m.p., chairman of the Independent labour party and or. Fenner Brockway Secretary of the party have secured an option expiring on april 20 on a British vessel in order to take foodstuffs to Bilbao. \ they Are now trying to raise �40,000. Brockway explains that or. Max ton and he in the last 48 hours have been trying to discover a method of Victualling Bilbao. I we Are taking the responsibility of raising the Money from the pub lie realising Bilbao s terrible Neces a Sites he said. Already there is j every Hope of Success. We Are be i coming temporary owners of a ves a Sel of about 4,000 tons pending the formation of a limited company among anti fascists in Britain with i a View to continuing the food sup plies to Spain. 1 we Are not accepting gifts but Are prepared to accept Loans on the understanding of possible risks and on the basis that when the charge is fulfilled the ship will be sold and Loans repaid proportionately to the amount received. We Hope the ship which will be British manned will sail on april 21, proceeding to the three mile limit under the British Protection which or. Anthony Eden has promised. The boat will then make a dash to Bilbao where the authorities declare that the Entrance to the Harbour has been cleared of mines. Moreover forts can protect the vessel within the three mile limit. Our vessel will naturally comply with the obligations of the International or. Maxton says we do not be Lieve there is any danger to ship Ping at Bilbao. I think the British government s warning to shipping was abased partly on wrong information from men on the spot who obviously were dependent on gossip and partly because or. Eden was endeavouring to show that he is a super the diplomatic writer of the Sunj Day times says that the British government s View based on the re ports from warships patrolling the coast arid other sources in close touch with the situation continues to be that merchantmen will encounter considerable risk if they attempt to run the blockade. Fortress Falls to loyalists London saturday. The correspondent of the British United press in Madrid states that a Hine months siege ended when the republicans entered the famous Sanctuary of the Virgin de la Cabeza a monastery fortress among the peaks of the Sierra Morena which has been named the Alcazar of the South " the establishment sheltered 1200 civil guards and fascist Phalan gifts with their wives and children who marched out of the Jean pro Vince on the outbreak of the War took Refuge in the monastery and hoisted the rebel Flag. The defenders watched the summer fade the Winter snows Meit and the Advent of Spring continually hoping that the insurgents would Triumph or that Relief would come but apart from occasional provisions and other supplies dropped by parachutes from aeroplanes they were without Suc Cour. The loyalists offensive at Cordoba sealed the Fate of the fortress. After the capture of Luga Nuevo they approached within a Quarter of a mile of the stronghold and bombarded it without any reply from the loyalists then installed loud speakers through which they deman ded surrender but the Walls alone re echoed the demand the loyalists under a barrage then att Aifred but they found that the Kantsan bad i departed during the Wight. _ f i ice fascist plot Many arrests in Madrid massacre planned of. Republicans a Madrid saturday a a the Council for Public order a ounces the arrest of 51, following the discovery of an espionage organisation which was preparing to act when the rebels entered the capital. The organisation allegedly met in the Flat of a Well known dressmaker to formerly associated with the Arintoc i racy where p hidden door in the Kitchen led into a room where her brother a Well known fascist was hidden o documents seized contained the names of the conspirators and pass words and describes the acts of sabotage contemplated when the Reb Els were closer to the City and also a plot to close the House doors throughout the City and guard the entrances tos those of phalanges to i enabling a massacre of republicans i meanwhile the -reonspitfaior8 sent by Heli graph to the rebels i the movements of the loyalist troops the organisation included disguised. Priests who supplied Money from Italy the objects seized include a huge White Phala Gist Flag shirts i and armlets h n h suffering in Madrid the Duchess of Athol la a Broad Oast to Britain As chairman of the National joint committee for Spanish Relief pointed out the committee bad been Active since december in an Jeff fort to relieve the suffering Specif ally of tie children in Madrid which was bombarded for six months lie hundreds of Homes mostly Small Enes arc in ruins and Many citizens for the first time Are reluctant to allow their children to leave but fio of the government has organised Protection stations Many people Are will ing to allow their children to go where motor coaches and buses can take them the committee is appealing for More buses in addition to milk and food supplies a i Eleanor Rathbone supporting the Duchess emphasised the Brave ordeal of those in the working class quarters on which the rebels Are apparently concentrating y a in one Quarter 200 were killed and 400 wounded in a single week the casualties in to Days bombardment were Given As 15 killed and 40 wounded three Sheila fell of Cortes Wil ing 9 and injuring 31 i a message from Valencia states that the insurgents to Day bombed Andujar and Almer a from the air killing 23 and injuring 31 shelling of Madrid Madrid saturday. While members 1 of the British House of commons the Duchess of Athol and miss Ellen a Wilkinson were lecturing at Grad via hotel the Iris urgent again commenced the bombardment of the City v " t a Shell crashed into the theatre opposite the hotel tearing Timote i the facade splinters mowed 3v

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