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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 30, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy Tonight, Showers, Cooler Sunday Oct. 1-8 Is National Newspaper Week VOLUME 50, NO. 191 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER SIXTEEN PAGES MacArthur Asks Red rren MacArthur Acknowledges BflOSt in Value Truman's Congratulations Tokyo General MacAr- thur today acknowledged con- gratulations from President Truman and the U. S. Joint chiefs of staff for the success of United Nations forces in Ko- rea. President Truman, speaking ih behalf of the American peo- ple, had lauded the "brilliant maneuver" and the splendid co-operation of all services. "I am most grateful for your general message which I shall transmit to the elements of this MacArthur replied. "It will be a source of inspi- ration and strength to all con- The joint chiefs of staff call- ed the transition from defen- sive to offensive as "magnifi- cently expressed con- fidence "the great task entrust- ed to you by the United Nations will be carried to a successful conclusion." "I am grateful indeed f your general Mac- Arthur replied, "and even more so for the high measure of un- derstanding and support which has been given me. It has con- tributed immeasurably to the success of our arms. I shall take pride in publishing your message to all elements of the command." Russians Opp Crossing Para ose Parallel Of Canadian Dollar Likely Markets Closed Today Pending Official Announcement Ottawa American tourists [may see the end of cheaper Cana- dian dollars totiay as the domin- ion's cabinet meets to review for- jeiga exchange rates. The session i is widely expected to result In boosting the value of Canada's money in terms of U. S. dollars. Ottawa and New York financial circles regarded last night's Cana- dian announcement that foreign- exchange dealings would be tem- porarily suspended as an almost j certain prelude tci narrowing or! closing the .nine-cent gap tween the U. S. and Canadian dol- lars. At present, the Canadian dollar By A. E, Goldberg Lake Success Bitter Russian opposition to United Nations j forces going north of the 38th parallel in a Korean unification officially at a 9.1 per cent dis- was expected in the powerful political committee today. [count in terms of its American Delegation heads normally sit on the 60-natlon committee. They'counterpart. In other words, one looked to Russia's Foreign Minister Andrei Vishinsky to try to stall j Canadian dollar is worth 91 U. S. the committee Jrom putting JKorean question first on the order Revaluation Forecast of business A striking improvement in Can- Failing he was expected jdemand that the U. N. issue a an upward revaluation of the [parallel stop-order on its currency might be in the (poised there for a decision by A strong hint in that direc- leral Douglas MacArthur on 'move northward. restrictions on many products Yugoslavia and India may side bought from the United States. !with the Soviet bloc on such a The pause in foreign exchange dealings was announced by Fi- I nance Minister Douglas Abbott. He There was speculation the movejsaid tte matter was being discuss- may be attempted in the securityied with the international monetary' Standing Army Men Advocated Would Be Maintained As Long as Red Peril Continues Soldier's Letter To Daughters Being Recorded New York Private First Class John J. McConnick's touch- ing letter from Korea to his "dear little girls" Is being recorded and also will be published In sheet By Ruth Cowan war widow was here yesterday to arrange for special royalties with Capitol Records, In- corporated, of Hollywood. McCormick was killed in Korea! August 10. I Three days after learning of his! South Korea Forces Mass For Invasion Unconditional Capitulation Requested By Don Huth Tokyo General MacArthur Washington -OB- A broadened death, his 27-year-old wife "got demand the surrender of Red draft law to raise and maintain a armed force "for years to come perhaps a gener- ation" is in prospect before the end of the year. Chairman Vinson (D.-Ga.) of the House armed services committee land Mummie live. It'might take "There are a lot of bad men !n sources said tonight. the their father wrote, "so four heavily-armed I have to help fight these wen keep them from coming where you forecast this extended period ofla long while, and maybe Daddy {need and said today he expects (will have to go and help God up Korean divisions fathering South along the Red border the 38th parallel in position to strike northward, the United Nations commander will lay down strong terms, per- TODAY- Inchon Landing Recalled The following report of the landing at Indian 1005 delayed in transmission. But it is stiU worth reading, because it gives a vivid ana. entertaining picture of the operation which has re- versed the whole tide of the Korean war Stewart Alsop. 8-Natton Resolution The committee has before it an eight-nation resolution which .most of the 60 members favor in jits general outlines calling for U. N. forces and a U. N. corn- fund, official guardian of foreign exchange rates. Abbott also cautioned that it would be "inadvisable" lor the public to "form conclusions as to what action would be taken until an official announcement is Two East policemen, one in plain clothes, struggle with an unidentified Michigan State college student during a riot touched of by a demonstration in Sast Lansing on the eve of the University of 'ligan football game. This picture Was taken by a Stai- -jllege student, and principals are unidenti- Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) By Joseph Alsop Inchon H a r b o r, Korea worm's-eye view, or possibly a u. N. forces may go to whatever Marine's-eye vie-v, is the only waylpart of Korea is necessary, and to describe- this reporter's experi-jto stay there until conditions are o? the landing at Inchon. All j stabilized and unified elections ar- the world now knows of the success of this crucial operation. But al- though it has no great signifi- cance, the story of the private landing of the First and Second platoons of Baker company of one of the Marine battalions is s.t least human, interesting, and in some respects amusing. The backdrop was a narrow, is- ranged. The commission, expected to include many Asian members, would carry out the supervision of elections and economic measures Arsonists Damage Capitol at Seoul By O. H. P. Kinjr yesterday set Seoul's Capitol afire shortly after General MacArthur and President Syngman Rhee left the building, scene of the historic liberation ceremony. Security officers had removed o. dynamite bomb from the building before MacArthur and Rhee arrived for the ceremony. Officials agreed the building had been set afire deliberately. Flames mission to arrange for .and rehabilitation. j Ke gave no indication when that A! In plain language, it means that might be, but financial observers expected it later today or Sunday so that normal trading may be resumed Tuesday at the latest. A similar suspension design- ed to freeze currency speculation one day ushered in Can- ada's devaluation of her dollar to the present nine-cent level below for relief and rehabilitation to set j the U. s. dollar about a year ago. Korea on its feet as an was when Britain slashed the country. [value of the pound sterling and Russia and her off a wave of devaluations have never accepted U. N. recog-j around the globe. nition of the Republic of Koreai land-studded harbor all gray, un-jor the seven-nation U. N. comrnis- der a gray-mauve sky. The troop [sion on Korea which the new corn- transports, with Marines pouring j mission would down thier sides into their Higginsj Britain Behind Move boats, huddled at the head of thej Britain was prime mover of the channel. Cruisers and destroyers resolution. Others who sponsored lay further off shore, filling the air with the inexorable roaring crash of naval gunfire. Flights of air- craft, black against the overcast, marked the presence of the dis- tant aircraft carrisrs. And on either side of the control vessel, where the first waves of amphi- bious tanks and tractors were tak- it were Pakistan and the Philip- pines, both Asian countries; the Netherlands and Norway, repre- senting Europe; Brazil and Cuba, from the western hemisphere; and Conrad Hops To Iceland on Return Trip New York Max Con- rad of Winona landed his light plane at KefJavik, Iceland at Wave of Speculation Shortly after the war, in Canada, in what was almost a lone wolf decision, boosted the pricela.m. (E.S.T.) today, completing of her currency to par with d j of leisurely re. U. S. dollar. During the war, _ official transactions with America turn Transatlantic flight. appeared in separate parts of the shell-damaged structure. Mrs. Rhee, who had attended the ceremony, ordered citizens to throw sand on the blaze when she was i told no one was fighting the fire. [Water mains had been broken by the fighting for the city. "What if there isn't any wa- she demanded. "They can throw on sand. Sandbags from the barricades on the street can be emptied on the fire." The fire had burned itself out this morning, but not until the main floor of offices was charred, The assembly chamber, where Congress to revise the present law when it returns in November. His committee already is holding hearings on suggested changes. Vinson declined to say at the moment if he favors four major changes recommended yesterday by Major General Lewis Hershey, in Heaven. The Capitol company said jhaps unconditional surrender. the! The surrender demand will be selective were to: 1. Extend the term of serv- ice under the draft from 21 to 30 months, allowing for six months basic training and two years active duty. 2. Modify deferment for men with dependents so that dependent relatives such as aunts, uncles and cousins wouldn't count for deferment. Hershey said there ivas a "possibility" that married men without children might be made eligible for the draft. 3. Remove restrictions on in- duction of veterans under 26 years of age. 4. Reduce present physical and mental draft standards. Hershey hinted broadly that some potential draftees flunk the Army's mental tests on purpose. "Draftees don't cractly lie down just don't get he said. But the Army methods brought a warm defense from Major, Gen- letter will be read in the record- ing by Tex Ritter, with Tchaikov- sky's "None But the Lonely Heart' music as background. The company said it would pay an extra royalty of one and one service director. cents a record sold, com- pared to the usual cent or less paid to writers. Two thirds of the money will be placed in a trust fund for the chil- dren. N. Y. Police Shake-up Hits Higher Ranks New York Police Commis- sioner Thomas F. Murphy's sweep- ing purge of the graft-shaken New York police department moved nearer to the detective division and the high brass today. _ In the lineup room at police eral Clovis Byers, deputy chief of (headquarters yesterday. Murphy stafr and another witness before told 350 officers he was Vmsons committee He becoming aware of "corruption in the Army does not want just I the -detective division" and amone broadcast starting at noon Sunday (9 p.m. C.S.T., It will be made in the Korean language, in MacArthur's name. And it will be repeated hourly. The sources not disclose the terms but presumably they wiil be "surrender or else." The "or else." could mean unleashing the South Ko- rean armored columns on what remains of the brclcen and greatly depleted Red army in the north and complete annihil- ation of trapped remnants in the south. In Pusan, the South Korean as- sembly .unanimously urged U. N. forces to smash northward across the parallel. The Pusan radio broadcast an announcement that ,the assembly called fcr "absolute- ily eliminating obstacles to nation- al unification and independence and the establishment of an ab- solutely free and independent gov- eminent." 1 The 38th parallel was the line drawn by the United' States and Russia for acceptance of the'Jap- anese surrender in Korea after World War n. It was not intended to divide North and South Korea, but Russian occupation forces re- fused- to admit U. N. commis- sion in the north to conduct free elect-ions. soldiers." Vinson, commenting that the na- tion is disturbed because so many the -detective division" and among "some commanding officers." He said his wholesale demotion of 336 plainclothes men was just men were being rejected by 3tart of a bottom-to-tcp shake- boards for physical and mental of department personnel. The landing was reported by a New York associate. Conrad, 47, took off from Paris Thursday and piloted his tiny Pi- per plane to Prestwick, Scotland. Delay on its consideration can Feeling among investors that Prestwick he made the jump took place at a ten per ceat dis- count. Canada was unable to hold to her decision, however, when Bri- tain lowered the value of sterling Australia, a Far Pacific power, jby nearly one-third be expected at the outset by nee- essity of organizing the committee off like orderly squadrons of after Chairman R. Urdanuta Arbe- water beetles, two rocket shipsjiaez, of Colombia, bangs his gav- were sending an endiess terrifying The committee must elect a of fire inshore. vice-chairman and a rapporteur, This reporter was accepted jis a guest by Baker First platoon, who were going in with the first wave or or- dinary landing craft. The boat ivas solid-packed with young Marines and their weapons, but the platoon commander, First Lieutenant George C. Cham- 'bers and Sergeant Herbert Brink a pair of very confi- dence-producing hosts) hospit- ably made space. Our wave tool! off, rushing forward in line, the spray pouring back- ward over us. The noncommissioned officers had done all this before, and there no one on our little craft who did not from time to time remem- ber Tarawa and Iwo, Guadalcanal and all those other, earlier beaches which had preceded Inchon. Yet the whole atmosphere in the little landing craft was prepared, confi- dent and there are no other words almost carefree, even when we swerved into the smoke masking the beaches. We clambered hastily up a long sea wall, and discovered that we seemed to have established our own private beachhead. Murderous defense works, trenches, machine gun posts and bunkers covered a long sandbar emplacement, separ- ated by a .lagoon from the wildly flaming buildings of Inchon, But the beach defenses seemed utterly deserted. There was no soul in sight except our partner platoon, marching off briskly along the sandbar in the smoke-darkened dusk. Perhaps because there seem- ed nothing better to do, our platoon set off after it at a purposeful half run. The incidents of the night that followed are a trifle blur- red, but there are some that still stand out. There was a long crawl, into sometimes (Continued on Page 10, Column 4) ALSOPS I From keflavik, his route runs of Canadian'through Greenland, Goose Bay, La- upward revision of Canada's cur-lto rency may be due has been in-1 dicated in a wave of American! speculative buying dollars and internal bonds payable in Canadian dollars during recent men said. stock market spec- reasons, asked General Byers: The plainclothes men's main func- What kind of a test do you tj0n was to curb gambling and suppose the North Koreans vice. Murphy sent the whole crew Hershey favored keeping the baclc into unif0nn and to pounding present draft age limits of 19 through 25. He said the mar. armed force could be raised and maintained by depending upon this age group, provided present draft restrictions are lightened as he suggested. beats. Some of those ousted were Captains and lieutenants. He sug- gested to precinct commanders that replacements come from among recently appointed mem- ibers of the force. The new commissioner, now on- Nly five days Jn Ms Job. started his MacArthur turned over the city to committee, partly in brador, and then to Teterboro, N.J. Rhee, escaped damage. Liberated Seoul awoke this morning to the incessant pounding, of heavy artillery. The thunder of the giras was to the northeast, and close. II. S. fight- er planes circled over the capital. After two hours the rate of shell- ing abated, but the firing continu- ed. President Rhee's residence was undamaged. "The reason they kept this place up was so Kim I! Sung (North Korean dictator) could come Rhee speculated. "Come and Conrad flew to Europe in same plane a few weeks ago to see his wife and children in Geneva, and then decide the order of busi Vishinsky was certain to demand ulation as a result of Abbott's sus- priority for his year-old peace pro- announcement was stalled by timing the move on the posal peace pact among the weekend. Stock markets both here and in the United States were clos- avoid the threat of States on the French Liner Liberte. isee what they would have done had there been She opened ft door into an office! room. It was crammed from floorj York, Pa. sions, its manpower needs. On Monday it is the Navy's turn, fol- lowed by the Air Force and the Marines. Negro Officer Gets Death Term Refused to Lead Men Into Action Mrs. Kay Gil- Mrs. Corn-ad and celling with art objects, was told her husband, Leon, ture and other articles. after he confer- .'ernor Thomas E. Dew- ey and Acting Mayor Vincent R. Impellitteri. The police scandal broke wide open last week when Brooklyn Dis- trict Attorney Miles F. McDonald and a rackets-probing grand jury revealed evidence of a a-year protection pay-off to cops by a bookmaking' 'ring. Murphy's reference to the detec- .tive branch was the first time an official publicly had mentioned corruption in that police division. He said evidence of graft in the detective division appeared to be individual and did not affect xvhole and added: "Honest men must not be hurt. To our great body of loyal, decent, honest policemen, I want to say When Allied planes and artillery hammered at the" parallel and rail and highway routes north of it, the four South Korean, divisions array- ed on the east coast south of the Red border itched to start rolling again. A. P. Correspondent William Jorden, with the South Ko- reans, reported that Republi- can troopi "want desperately to cross." But he said they still did not know whether they would be ordered to do so. Elements of the South Korean Third division reached the boun- dary at the east coast village of Ingu. Three other divisions were moving up and some probably ar- rived at the line Saturday. Uijongbu, highway junction and rail center 12 miles north of Seoul, was flattened like a fiery flapjack by rocket-firing U. S. Marine fight- er-bombers. MacArthur's head- quarters said it was the heaviest strike of the war for the Marine fliers. Using "Tiny Tims" a sound rocket nearly one foot in diameter the Marines planes eft Uijongbu a flaming rubble. The headquarters summary said the town "died" under the attack. Uijongbu was infested with Reds retreating toward the 38th paral- a young Negro Army lieutenant, a of encouragement. I feel lei, 18 miles farther north. American Marine armored col- Fresident Enee and his wife sentenced to death by a that we can re- peared philosophical about the de- vastation in the capital. "Lives were saved and people were made said the Prince- ton-educated. 75-year-old president. "We can and we will rebuild. "Tokyo and other cities in Ja- pan rebuilt after the last war. What is important is the lives of our people and their Communism." liberation from rea court-martial last week for re-istore department to its right- to make an example of someone.' Mrs. Gilbert yesterday 'quoted from a letter she received from Lieutenant Robert E. Eliert, who defended her husband. The 32- year-old Gilbert wrote Lieutenant Eliert, "was sacrificed for what is deemed good of the whole. Mill- Rhee said the three most press- tary authorities wanted to make ing problems are feeding Seoul'sjan example of someone and more than people, through circumstances your hus- ing housing and faking care of refugees pouring into the city. No public utilities are function- ing. Most of the facilities were de- stroyed. Water has to be dipped from wells. Much of the city was devastat- ed during its recent liberation, but in some sections there is little evi- dence of war. In the undamaged parts, the peo- ple wave and cheer as United Na- tions troops roll by. But only blank stares greet the rubbled sections. soldiers in the fusing to carry out field orders be-jfui Position in the highest confi- cause "military authorities wanted dellCE tne people." 1 Governor Dewey meanwhile re- vealed that State Attorney Gener- al Nathaniel Goldstein had been lending a hand in the investigation for some time. Loss As Lamberfon Elevator Burns Lamberton, Minn. Loss to day was set at more than S60, 300 in a blaze that destroyed the Farmers Elevator here and for a time last night threatened the Lam- William D. Blair, Jr., correspondent for the Baltimore Sunpapers, lies on the ground after being wounded in south Korea. Shading his face from the hot sari is Max Desfor, left, Associated Press staff photographer. Eleven newsmen have been killed covering the Korean to The Republican-Herald.) WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Mostly cloudy tonight, occasional showers Sunday, becoming cooler Sunday night. Low tonight 64, high Sun- day 78. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 80; minimum, 56; noon, 80; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on. Page 10. band was selected.' The letter added "that Gilbert's behavior was beyond his physical and mental control and this fact is born out by examination by three doctors including a psychiatrist." Gilbert was tried by a court- martial on a charge that, in the presence of other officers, he re- fused to lead his men into posi- tion, despite a direct order. The Arms' theater commander now has the case before him for review. The case first came to light when Mrs. Gilbert, mother of twolbertoc business section. children and expecting a third, ap- I aside the court-martial death sen- Itence. Mrs. Gilbert returned from Volunteer firemen here called for pealed to President Truman to set help from five nearby towns to Japan after the Korean war away. keep flames from spreading to the Main street district, about half a ed June 25. Air Force to Survey Wold-Chamberlain Washington The Air Force announced last night it was send- ing survey teams to Minnesota to determine whether the Duluth Mun- icipal airport and Wold-Chamber- lain field at Minneapolis are suit- able for future military use. L. D. Christiansen, manager who set the loss estimate, said the ele- vator held about half .its 50.000- bushel capacity in corn, flax, oats and seed. Firemen saved tempor- ary storage bins abutting the main structure. The blaze apparently started- from a conveyor belt mo- tor which became overheated, be reported. Firemen were called here from Springfield, Walnut Grove, San- born, Tracy and Revere before the blaie was controlled. umns, after an artillery barrage, pushed off from Seoul toward Ui- iongbu. That route leads to Chor- von, across the Red border e.nd 48 miles north of Seoul. Reds Unite 1C is in the Chorwon area that a. South Korean Army spokesman es- timated Communists have gathered. However, he said most of them are believed to be poorly and lightly armed conscripts round- ed up hastily. Northwest of Seoul, the U. S. 187th airborne regimental combat team; moved north on Kimpo air- field to rid the Inchon peninsula of Reds. Those troops were within J24 miles of parallel 38 but south [of the Han river. The British cruiser Ceylon land- ed a party on the island of Tae- chong, within ten miles of the parallel off the west coast. A U. S. Navy summary said the raiders found no Reds. They had fled. In Seoul, the capital's more than residents awoke Saturday to the din of artillery on the north- east the barrage preceding the Marine kickoff toward parallel 38. The city officially restored as the Republic's seat of government by General MacArthur Friday strove to clean up its battle-rub- bled streets and resume normal pursuits. No public utilities were function- Ing most of the power and wa- ier systems were damaged or de- stroyed. Water was dipped from wells. Syngman Rhee. 75-year-olfl Princeton-educated president, ap- peared philosophical about the de- vastation in the 500-year-old city. "Lives were saved and people were made he commented, 'we can ana we will rebuild." Arsonists set Seoul's capital afire. Friday, shortly after MacArthur (Continued on Pace 10, Column 7) KOREA ;