Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 30, 1949, Winona, Minnesota
WARMER TONIGHT, MILD SATURDAY VOLUME 49, NO. 191 WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 30, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY FOOTBALL TONIGHT KWNO FM TWENTY-TWO PAGES TODAY- Only 2 Years To Prepare For A-Bomb By Joseph and Stewart Alsop rather desper- ate haste, the chief American po- litical and strategic policy-makers are now working on plans to deal the new situation created by "the atomic explosion somewhere in Russia." Their directive from President Truman has been to evolve a program which will pro- vide genuine security for this coun- try, regardless of other considera- tions. According to those who should! know, the President has respond-) ed to the challenge of the Beria j bomb with the courage that mark-! ed his sponsorship of tthe draft bill] two years ago. If Truman does weaken, and his advisers do their jobs honestly and well, there can be only one result. The country will shortly be presented with a pro- gram entirely overshadowing all our previous great measures to solve the problem of Soviet Im- perialism. NO HINT OF THIS FACT has yet been given for two reasons. First, the program is not ready. Second, the President has calcu- lated ,hls timing very carefully. In order to avoid accusations of scare- mongering, he purposely delayed announcement of the Beria bomb, until the Senate had safely passed the military aid program for Eur- ope, In the same manner, In or- der to avoid accusations of war- mongering, he is waiting now un- til the Soviets have proved once again that they will not accept true international control of nuclear en- ergy. When this proof has been given, as it should shortly be, the time will come for President Truman to issue the rallying call for a great national effort. The reasons why this effort must be so great are plainly inherent in the basic security situation. As was first disclosed in this space, sll defense planning of the joint chiefs of staff has long been founded on the expectation that the Beria bomb would be pro- duced in 1952. But the first Beria bomb has now been tested in 1949 (and is considered by our scien-i tists tc have proved as powerful as our Nagasaki bomb, and there- lore better than the bomb that de- stroyed This in turn both violently contracts, and gives dire urgency to, the whole defense time-table. ON THE BASIS of the 1952 date, the joint chiefs of staff allowed five years for our defense build- up, counting three years until the; Last-Ditch Steel Talks Drag Max Conrad Swims Ashore From Crash Landing in Pit Congress 6 Billion Aid For'Cold War' Total to Bolster Friendly Nations Big Night for Lynda She'll Introduce President Hollywood Tonight is a. big night for cisrht-year-old Lynda Harper. She'll introduce the President of the United States on a four-network broad- cast launching the Community Chest drive. Lynda, daughter of William and Hester Harper of Santa Monica, was born a "blue ba- with a heart ailment that makes normal breathing impos- sible. An operation at Chil- dren's hospital, under Commu- nity Chest auspices, made her a normal, healthy girl two years ago. Her story will be told in full on the broadcast (slated for 9 p.m. central standard time) by Ethel Barrymore. Other enter- tainers on the kickoff show in- clude Jack Benny, Fred Mac- Murray, Dinah Shore, Frank Sinatra, Ann Sothern and Ralph Edwards. The program may be heard locally over KWNO AM and FM. By Don Whitehead Washington Congress sent! to President Truman today the ond of two bills designed to pump! into foreign recovery) land military aid, The President's signature was) only thing needed to start the] !dollars working in the giant effort! to defeat Russia in the cold war. Mrs. Edward The Senate completed action lastiMankato avenue, died at the Wi-j jnigbt on a program G al h 1U1 at to bolster the economies of Western! [Europe and other friendly Thursday almost eighti The big money bill was approved I hours after she had suffered severe I without a word of opposition. 'Alburns while tending a rubbish fire Rg I g r. n ubbisn burns Fatal to Winonan McGUl, 79, 117 (short time earlier the House had I passed the bill with critics taking only a brief final slap at the pro- gram. Two dayg ago Congress author- This Is One For Eipley, but believe it or not, the two occupants of this airplane which was ditched in an abandoned gravel pit west of Winona late Thursday afternoon, escaped unscratched. At the controls was Max Conrad, formerly of Winona, and riding as a passenger was Prank Timmers, also of Minneapolis. When the plane crashed in about ten feet of water, the men kicked open the door on the right side (shown at the left in this picture) and swam to shore. The wreckage will be salvaged, Conrad said today. The plane was ditched when its engine cut out as it was being taken from the old airport to the new port on the Minnesota City road. The open- ing in the trees in the background shows where the plane clipped the tree tops before it landed in the water. Republican-Herald photo near her home yesterday after- loon. According to neighbors, the aged woman left a nearby grocery store ized a arms bill. Thejwhich she operates shortly before measure provides enough cash to start shipments of P-m- yesterday and had made of arms overseas. The rest of the preparations to burn grass and! money must be provided later at the rear of an apart-1 ment building which she owns at appropriation. Government officials said yester- day the first arms cargoes will be- 107 Mankato avenue. Parks Airlines Claims Ability To Serve City Washington ks Airlincs: Soviets produced a bomb and firm has never started more for them to accumulate testimony Thurs- decisivi No one can ever accuse Max Con- rad, veteran Winona aviator and now pilot for Minneapolis-Honey-! well, of being a publicity hound. In fact, he's shied away from it all these years. But late Thursday afternoon he pulled a new one. While Republican-Herald news- men looked on, Max and hisj companion, Frank Timmers, also of Minneapolis, took off from the old! airport on the Minnesota City roadj in Conrad's old Stinson Tokyo Rose Convicted Of Treason previously, me wvii hlmdred board said, was not able to obtain r. j-h. sufficient financial backing to be- water ,jred yards farther on, it backing operations. The present CAB hearing stockpile of their that it can handle miles The job for which Midwestern routes it was award- yearY was formerly allowed several years ago. now be done in two years at the! The East St. Louis, HI., airline outside. To take one specific ex- previously, the Civil Aeronautics ample, the joint chiefs had project- ed expenditures of one and eight! tenths to two billion dollars annual- ly for European rearmament, in-j UCOIJUB tending to complete this vital to determine whether Parks'i gram at a total cost of eight to j certifications should be continued1 ten billion dollars at the end of five-year period. The of the time schedule will. __ thing, increase the total cost. by By Kathcrine Pinkham San Francisco fac-j i then crash-landed smack-dab in Iva Toguri D'Aquino heard her-! gin moving to Atlantic pact coun- tries by mid-November. American military experts are due to go overseas in about two weeks to pave the way for these shipments. Most of the recovery dollars will pour into Western Europe. The Marshall plan nations will receive i in cash and have an- I other available in loans during the present fiscal year which ends next June 30. The bill also contains: for Army occupation costs in Germany, Austria, Japan and the Ryukyu Islands. for Turkey and Greece. to cover Economic Co-operation administration costs I during the last three months of the 1949 fiscal year which ended June 30. for expenses of a con- gressional watchdog committee staff to check on foreign aid spend- ing. of an abandoned about half a mile west of the field. pitjself convicted of treason last night for telling American troops their Miraculously, neither Conrad nor! Timmers was scratched. Had had been sunk in Leyte gulf they were "orphans of the a was farther on, it is almost (certain both men would have been Feet Deep As it was, when the plane was gcramMed up item in the 1950 and 1951 applicants. This rule will hold for almost all Benefield, a Parks repre- wet, frightened although they Pacific." A somewhat reluctant federal! Truman's Cabinet To Get Pay Boost Washington President about 2 p.m., Mrs. Joseph Masyga, a resident of the apart- ment house, noticed Mrs. McGill standing beside the fire. A few minutes later, she heard cries of "Help me, Mrs. Masyga. Help me." Enveloped in Flames Running into the back yard, Mrs. Masyga found Mrs. McGill envel- oped in flames and standing sev- eral feet from the spot where the! rubbish was burning. I Mrs. Masyga immediately called! to another apartment dweller, John Plinski, and the two carried cloth- ing and draperies from the house to wrap around the woman in effort to put out the flames. Meanwhile, Mrs. Plinski. notified! police headquarters of the mishap! and an ambulance was sent to take! her to the hospital. At the hospital, examinations revealed that Mrs. McGill had suf- Kansas City A fast-moving fered extensive third degree roared through the interior of nndavSlrtS t0 SaVe hel" WerG two story frame house in north" service, will be held at east Kansas City early today' 7 Killed, 4 Hurt As Kansas City Dwelling Burns To Continue Until Midnight Industry Banks Furnaces; Some Miners Return Pittsburgh Big steel and the C.I.O. got together with feder- al mediators today in a last-ditch try to stave off a nation-wide steel strike at midnight. But even as they met, the news was not good. From coast to coast, and from the Gulf to the border, the gigantic steel industry banked its fires in readiness for the strike. And thou- sands of Philip Murray's United Steelworkers jumped the gun in wildcat walkouts. William N. Margolis, assistant, di- rector of the Federal Mediation and Conciliation service, and Peter Seitz, its general counsel, met with jthe disputants. I Surprisingly, there was an air of 'good humor. j A mediator has no power other khan the power of suggestion. Sometimes He can hit on an idea that is acceptable to both sides. But I neither the union nor the compan- ies needs to pay any attention to what he says. As production dropped, as picket- ing started, the two sides still seem- ed far apart. After last night's meeting with XT. S. Steel, Murray had only this to say: Hopes Wane "I wouldn't even comment about hope at this time." That's how bleak the picture is. The issue is a pension-insurance program. The union wants steel firms to adopt the formula set down by President Truman's fact-finding board. This is a ten-cent-an-hour contribution paid entirely by indus- try. The Tjnion says it's the mini- mum they'll take. Big Steel rejected the proposal. Instead it offered a pension-insur- ance plan toward which employes would contribute. Murray and his Steel- workers wouldn't buy that. They say: "We've given up demands for pay increase as ordered by the fact- Ifmding board. Now industry must 9 a.m., Saturday at the St. Thomas Pro-Cathedral, Burial will be the family lot at St. Mary's ceme- tery. ing seven persons and injuring four. Approximately 20 persons lived Born Here yield." Truce Unlikely Twice Murray agreed to a strike w Mr, pact continued. is a contract or a strike. 1870 Born in Winona February 2, 1870, in the house, many of them aged. And, says Murray, if it's a strike the steel industry forced it on the work- McGill had been married forjfrom the flames in their TT iXailiiif, fcUil ----Vil I---- J. 1 court jury of six men and six cabinet members can years and is survived by her j clothes. en brought in the verdict after with assurance today to a days' deliberation. A boost following Senate approv- of apparent of a bill to raise them from (husband. Other survivors include sons. Dr. George McGill, ment, swept the courtroom. their present a year to Angeles-born and as stoic as she! The Senate action, taken on a 52 had during the 12-week trial. 14 vote last night, sent the meas bowed, she said nothing. No tears.Jure back to the House, which pre- defense spending. Moreover, mere sentative, said the firm would showj physical defense is by no was fit, willing and able to han- the only problem. While this the routes, which include Wi- try is presently beyond range ofinona' Minn. mass attack from Soviet Europe is within easy range. A _, cisive stockpile of Beria bombs is Milan I hett defined as enough of these weap- p 4.. Cj._i._ ons to break all European resls ;KetUmmg tO Mate wouldn't admit it and a bit in a, Idaze as to how they escaped alive.! Later she told her attorney "I can't understand it." An appeal is tance. And these grim facts are: The crash occurred about 5 p. m. i October G was set for sentencing. The men flew to Winona minimum sentence would be day afternoon to work on the vears imprisonment and a plane which had been standing fine; ffie at the old airport near the site death- But the government did not of Conrad's hangar, for more than a. ask tce deat? Penalty. iviously had voted the department 'heads a salary. Both bills also call for pay increases for a long list of other high government officials. Their differences must now be ironed out in conferences. All 37 Democrats present in the Senate voted for the pay increase, which Mr. Truman said would already having sharp political ef St. Paul Wt-Sheriff Nels Pet- year. They soon had the engine running and after a two-hour check, satisfied that the ship was flyable, decided fects upon our allies. UNLESS WE CHOOSE of Montevideo today was move it to the new airport across Acquittal Considered Foreman John Mann said the jurors would have liked to acquit the 33-year-old woman known to G.I.'s as Tokyo Rose, but "we did the only thing we thought possible route for Detroit, Mich, to highway where they could do only thmS we thought poss to con- a St. Paul man suspected of extensive repair work before under the J'udEe's instructions." front an expanding Soviet empire ing from his uncle at it to Minneapolis. she was convlcted m She was convicted on only one The cause of the blaze has not four I been determined. La-j The Red Cross identified firm Portsmouth UOhio) Steel Corporation has j given into Murray. Unofficially it's jthe 14th largest steel producer in (jernarat racu.ui, as: Unnn nf island; A. J. McGill, Winona, and! Mrs. Florence Richards, 85; Mrs. jthe nation. But it employs only Richard McGill, Minneapolis, j Cora Andrews, 68; Owen Three daughters who surx'ive Lorraine Ellis, 17; Mrs. Myrtle1 Mrs. J. A. (Verna) Cummins, Chi- cago; Mrs. George (Teresa) Vish, Parma, Ohio, and Miss Aprnes Mc- U. S. Steel, the industry's giant, and Cletus M. Hershey, Jr., 26 Gill who resides at home. Mrs. An-lmonths. na Vondrashek, Winona, a Cletus M. Hershey, the husband also survives. [of Mrs. Hershey, was working Mrs. McGill was a member as a night watchman when the Ladies Auxiliary to the Ancient I he heard of the fire. He rushed Order of Hibernians. to the building and after two at- Friends may call at the Burkejtempts was able to make his way make it easier for the home this afternoon andito the second floor where the fam- to compete with industry for and the Rev. R. E. Jenningsjily lived, but they were already executives. say a rosary at the funeral The Republicans split, 15 for tojat p. m., today. 14. against. The" fire gutted the interior of 'the house. Minn. in naked isolation, we must there- fore move forward on the political and economic fronts as well as on the defense front. Hard solutions ______ must be found for all the Atlantic ed here at 820 Laurel avenue. Carliyu outdoor theater. "I'm sure we counts in the indict- on< Ta io er i I am surprised at how good itiof John Tierney, chief of the Conrad said just crime bureau, identified the to the end of the runway held as James M. Lee, who the old field south of the Sky- community's pressing problems, such as those revealed by the Bri- Heggestad, the uncle, reported fiy it over to the new field." money missing from his home af- tish economic crisis. Even with ter a visit from Lee two weeks this kind of strong American port, our allies will need great courage not to desert the united I front against Soviet Governor And if we fail our allies in any! respect whatever, we our allies to fail us. Add to the list of things to be lilies m anyu _ _. must expectlMay Get Divorce Chicago Chicago Tri- 10 uie bune savs today that Governor and done the task of safeguarding the d Stevenson have begun free world's weak _ Par Eastern t k legal action toward divorce on grounds of incompatibility. The newspaper quotes the gov- ernor as saying last night in Springfield: "On that I have nothing to say at all now. I may have something flank. Remember also that there can never be true peace without a fundamental change in the World power balance and that the best hope of this change lies in ener- getic steps to promote Titoisrrl among Russia's unhappy satellites. The sum of tae essential program is seen to demand something very like American peace-time mobili- zation for the war. Precisely because the effort de- manded is so great, the implica- tions of the Beria bomb are al- ready becoming dirty words, un- mentionable in polite society. Per- haps the President will after all avoid any crude public statemen of the new facts of life in the world, or any troublesome attempt- to deal with those facts. But one must hope that he will live up to the expectations of some of the best men around him; for the are facts nonetheless, and will act their penalty if ignored. I Additional weather on Page 19. Conrad climbed in and Timmers, also a pilot and a student of Conrad, followed. Engine Smokes Badly They rewed-up the engine and took off. The engine began to smoke badly and just as the craft reach- ed the end of the runway at an alti- tude of about 100 or 150 feet, the engine cut out. The craft swooped down, Conrad apparently attempted to bank around in an effort to get back to the field, when it stalled out and settled down toward the ground. The bright sun, and oil which spurted from the engine onto the windshield, made it difficult for to say early next week, but noth- Conrad _to spotted the ing right now." water and ditched the ship in the center of the small pool. "What happened he said later, "we just ran out of runway." Jack Stehn who was working at the Winona Sand and Gravel Com- WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Saturday partly cloudy and mild; nearby- and were the Soon two other cars from the Wi- tober, 1944, about the Leyte gulf! battle. She was found not guilty! in seven counts. White Chief Prosecutor Tom De- wolfe termed the verdict "a just one for the United De- fense Attorney Wayne Collins call- ed it "absolutely erroneous un- supportable by any credible testi- mony." Collins said he would file a mo- tion for arrest of judgment, for a new trial and would appeal. The jury at no time had given any indication of its sentiment, al- though it frequently called for transcripts of testimony. Many observers, thought late! yesterday the jury was leaning to- ward acquittal. Only a few min- utes before the verdict, the jurors asked amplification of Roche's in- struction. Instructions Clarified Michael J. Roche told them not to single out a single in- struction, or part of one, for guid- ance. He then suggested that they might like dinner and said would await their decision whether they wished to continue work af- 24 72. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 71; minimum, 35; noon, 71; precipitation, none: sun sets to- at sun rises tomorrow terwards. When they filed bajDk. in with coats on, it appeared they were yonraa ana ine larar_ volunteers t t dinner_ clerk James p, to return to the pit and show them Welsn seemed astonished when the foreman handed him the verdict. inona municipal airport arrived. "Where it someone asked Conrad and the latter volunteered! the wreckage. As tha party got to the edge and saw one wing sticking out of the (Continued on Page 11, Column 7.) CONRAD Iva, termed an "arch traitoress" and a "female Benedict Arnold" by the prosecution, sat immobile as the separate verdicts were read. Republican-Herald photo Shown Above are the still smoldering remains of a rubbish fire which caused the death of a 79- year-old Winona woman Thursday afternoon. Fatally burned in the mishap was Mrs. Edward McGill, 117 Mankato avenue, whose clothing apparently caught fire while she was tending the fire at the rear of an apartment residence at 107 Mankato avenue. one-third. S. Steel set a pattern for the rest of the steelmakers. Federal mediators feel they can get Murray and U. S. Steel to- gether. They're to try in con- ferences throughout the day and night. Miners Back John L. Lewis put of his striking United Mine workers back in the pits today in the first break of the 12-day-old coal walkout. A word from the U.M.W, chief- tain narrowed the nation-wide strike to the industrially-vital bi- tuminous fields of the central- eastern region of the United States. Lewis ordered eastern I Pennsylvania anthracite miners and bituminous diggers west of the Mississippi to resume work Monday. Nearly other U.M.W. mem- jbers in the bituminous fields appar- iently were set to continue their crippling "no day week" which be- gan September 19. U.A.W. Planning At Detroit the C.I.O. United Auto Workers, assured of maximum monthly pensions for Ford workers, tocused attention today on the re- mainder of the auto industry. Ford agreed yesterday to foot the bill on all costs of retirement pen- sions except those payments made oy workers for federal social se- curity. Including the social secur- lity benefits, a new Ford contract guarantees workers with 30 years service monthly on retirement at age 65. It was the first such pension contract in the auto in- dustry. Chrysler Corporation, another ol the industry's "big was the union's next target. Injured Woodsman In Good Condition Albert Barney, 72, Rushford log- ger who suffered a fractured leg Wednesday was reported in good condition at Winona General hos- pital today. He was struck by a rolling log during logging opera- tions near Rushford.