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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 29, 1949, Winona, Minnesota FAIR, WARMER TONIGHT, FRIDAY THERE'S NO STATIC ON KWNO-FM 97.5 MEGACYCLES VOLUME 49, NO. 190 WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 29, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY sion Aid Bill Approved TODAY- U. S. Loyalty Program 2 Years Old By James Marlow Washing-ton Tru- man's program for checking on the loyalty of government workers is two years old October 1. This is a brief review of how the program came about and what's happened in these two years. Before 1939 the various agencies By Don and departments of government de- and enthusiastic congressional approval of cided whether to employ a man on1 the overseas arms aid bill gave the administration authority today to the basis of his ability and char-start big stocks of war equipment on the way to America's allies against actpr I communism. I Congress sent the one-year foreign arms bill to the An old rule of the Civil Service ]_----------_-------------------------------White House yesterday by a top- commission, dating back to _ heavy margin, blocked U. S. Set to Rush Arms for Europe questions about the reli- gious or political beliefs of a man applying for a civil service job; the government. On August 2. 19S9, just one month before World War II started, Con- gress passed the Hatch act to keep! out of government employ any one j who advocated overthrow of this! country's form of government. THERE WERE VAKIOUS con- gressional acts and presidential or- ders after that date, along the same line, making an employe's Steelworkers Union Prepares Strike Plan The measure makes immediately available in cash from I the Reconstruction Finance corpora- Ition to throw the arms plan into gear. Senate leadedrs say these funds can be used to process and ship j company. worth of surplus Amer- Ford Pension Plan Accepted, Strike Averted Workers Forego Raise, Sign 30-Month Pact Detroit The Ford Motor Company and the C.I.O. United) Auto Workers reached agreement i early today on a history-making pension plan to be financed by the ican equipment to the nations which have stood with the United States in the cold war with Russia. The House passed the bill by a It will pay ing social Ford workers over 65. The agreement, based on a ten- Phi- time later loyalty a direct factor in his Murray went ahead today with! approval. to flash committee finally suggested that ai500-000 ms Unlted steel- commission made up of various workers. government department He gave no sign of giving up his be created to study ways of pro- figbt to force the steel tecting the government against dis-j loyal employes. On November 25, 1946 President Truman set up the commission. It made its report to him early in 1947. And On March 22, 1947 he issued his order creating the loy- alty check program. Money was needed to get it start- ed. Instead of voting the money right away, Congress played j around with the idea of passing a; to pay the entire cost of a pen- sion-insurance program. Government mediators stood Pittsburgh and 44 other key ne- two-to-one to 109. A an hour package recently rec- Senate shouted itsjommended by a presidential fact- i finding board in the steel industry, j averted a strike of Ford pro- duction workers. The marathon negotiations Brief Delay There was only a flurry of ora- tory in both houses to delay the passage. Critics called the bill a wasteful move toward war. But friends of the program defended it as a strong peace measure. The worth of surplus arms provided in the bill is in ad- dition to the cash and contract au- thority. strike set for tomorrow midnight. Most of the cash and contract Murray yesterday turned down must yet be approved by big steel offer of ten cents an hour congressional appropriations com- per employe to help finance pen-1 mittees. But the from sions and insurance saying: lE.F.C. is enough to get the pro- law to establish its program. own loyalty "It must be plain to all that the I gram rolling. corporation is deliberately seeking The greater part of the arms aid to force a steel strike.' will be tunneled to the North At- A few Hours later big steel be-i lantic pact nations. The bill it cave iro idpa of a nro- A Iew -later Dig sieei oe-iianuc pact nauuus. o-uc ram of own andat last in I San banking furnaces of its in cash and an- ram of Its own and at last, nnn nmi in au- trram July, 1947, voted money for the I cago-area subsidiaries. President's program. The program got going October 1, 1947. It had a double purpose: 1. To check on anyone, employed by the government before October 1 of that year, whose loyalty might be in question. 2. To check on anyone looking October! other in contract au- There was no indication Presi-j thority for the Western European dent Truman xvoulc. step into the j nations pledged to defend the At- picture and ask for a fourth strike lantic area, postponement. He's gotten three pattern Set already. Except for the Presi- Payment Proposed ident can't release this fund until Big steel offered to pay up approves defense recommenda- six cents an hour per man forltions by the Atlantic defense com- 1 if there was any reason to ques- for employes pay-' The balance of the funds will go iing remaining costs of the MP A v -P -R T sram. bem a fuuale rnvesta i The company also asked the pro-lto helping Greece, Turkey, Korea, Ithe Philippines, Iran and the China tion of everyone in, or coming in-j to, the government. Checks would be made on the record of each one to see if there agree to a year's contract ran nearly 35 hours without recess and set an endurance record for the auto industry. As late as mid- night, when the old contract ex- pired, tr.A.W. President Walter P. Reuther said there was still a 50- 50 chance walkout might be called. The new pact runs two and a half years, giving hope Of long peace in the industry. j Effective October 1, providing itj is ratified by rank and file Fordj workers, the new contract is unique in the auto industry's his- tory in at least three respects: calls for the first ma- jor pension plan, and the com- pany agreed for the first time to shoulder the entire financial responsibility for pensions. the first time, the un- ion let its demand for an hour- ly wage increase gro by the board in favor of security pro- visions. The present wage rate of an hour will be con- tinned. 30-month duration, a record in the auto industry, The pact may well affect mil- lion's of workers in the nation's A Dynamite Blast Damaged this loading tipple of the Junedale Coal Company at Grass Flat, Pa., today. The man in center is shown examining a corrugated iron side panel blown from the structure. Other pieces of wreckage are in foreground. Part of the roof was ripped off and windows broken. (AP. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Russia Scraps Friendship Treaty With Yugoslavia extension to April 30, 1951. The gress moved toward final approval present contract, which expires'of a program to bol- In addition to the arms aid. Con- other heavy industries-particularly the steel workers. Ford Vice-president John S. Bu- next April 30, was reopened ihisjster the economies of friendly na- gas said his firm's pension agree- any doubtful stuff on file about year on him. If any suspicious "rates of pay" aad in- i surance. information Benjamin tions. Ths huge foreign recovery jment was based on the expendi- billjture of the ten-cent an hour limit F. Fairless, president'received approval yesterday of a! recommended by a presidential found, then the F.B.I, made a full investigation. And this could happen: Jones had been in government service but his record was clear. Later, some one informed the government that Jones' loyalty was question- able. An investigation could start then. In each department board was established. If an in vestigation disclosed doubtful In-j formation about an employe, was called before the board. of big steel, said the corporation Senate-House conference. The ac- fact-finding board in the steel in- suggested a joint study of pen- tion was the first break in a pile- sions before March 1, 1950. Afterlup of about worth that date negotiations could begin of money billg which should have as to the form and shape of a approved last June 30. sion program The recovery bill sets aside a tomorrow. House Votes Pay Increase For raises for government civil service employes were voted Wednesday by the House. The raises average per year Foreign Minister Laszlo Rajk, sentenced to death Saturday, disclosed idly. of men 'hadf been Yugoslavia had been carrying on' hostile activity against the Soviet union. Rajk was accused specifically of plotting with Yugoslav and Ameri- can agents to overthrow the Mos-( cow-backed communist government j Hungary. Marshal Tito de-' dustry. That "package" has not yet been! but run above thai for some "em- granted to steel workers and are estimated to cost strike has been set for midnight lioo million dollars annually. Although Murray didn't replyjtotal of in aid forj immediately to big steel's offer, Europe. This means that' said in a statement the the coming months' Western must follow the presidential [Europe will receive almost The bill now goes to the Senate. Way For Steel j The House passed by voice vote "This Reuther after defeat, 94 to 90, of an amend- "points the way in the steel in- dustry, where they are resisting a ,i JUUSU luiiuw me jji eaiucjatiui -CjUl upe win ICL.CIVC uuouiji, vviicic Uic l CblbLlllg ft Tf recommendations for in military and established a pension should be entirely compa- bring his own and his own witnesses, but most no case would he ever be, told who had given information! financed pensions and insur-jhelp from the United States. The vote by which the house i board recommended indus- passed the aid bill included: Minne- jtry pay the entire cost of Judd, McCarthy. Against: lance but should be limited to a i Marshall, Wier, Andersen, Andre- i maximum of about a year peri sen, Hagen, O'Hara. Paired -or four cents an hour] against: Blatnik. against him. If the department board thought he was thought his loy- alty was could findj him unfit for a government job.' IN THAT CASE the man could appeal to the head of the govern- ment department. If turned down there, he had one final appeal: To a special loyalty review board of 22 men appointed under Mr. Tru- man's program. If that board con- sidered him unfit, he lost his job.' (A number of regional boards. were established around the coun-j try to deal with persons looking; based on a hour work Zablocki. Against: ment to put the ceiling pay at instead of the pro- posed by the House civil service committee. ny-financed. It will lay the ground-1 in the Senate, meantime, there work in our industry for moving j was a hot argument over a pro- forward." jposal to raise the pay of cabinet Bugas, who estimated his com-1 officers to a year. pany eventually would be paying a year for pensions, called the settlement "a very good Details would be worked out by j Byrnes, Davis, Hull, Murray bargain for Ford, its employes and bargaining. Smith, Withrow. 'the union." Fire and Police Board Pares ,000 From Tax Demands The Winona fire and police board: of the city of Winona will shortly j ago, provisions in the 1949-50 bud- all Senator Cain (R-Wash.) said sen- ators and House members ought to get a like amount, if it is to be given the cabinet. The Washington senator insisted that if cabinet members are to get a year, then salaries of U. S. senators and representatives Russia scrapped her friendship treaty with Yugoslavia today, declaring that Premier Marshal Tito's regime has lined up with "foreign imperialist circles." The decision ending the alliance signed in 1945 was disclosed in a Soviet note to Yugoslavia. It was broadcast by Moscow radio. The note declared the Budapest treason trial of former Hungarian TWENTY-FOUR PAGES ing Pennsylvania Coal Area Tension Mounts U.M.W. Resumes Settlement Talks With Industry By The Associated Press A dynamite blast rocked a coal company tipple today In a fresh outbreak of violence in the nation's coal fields. John L. Lewis' United Mine Workers were resuming negotia- tions today witfc two big branches of the coal Industry amid a stormy background of blasting, gunfire and stone hurling. The mine workers' wrath against non-union men working the pits in defiance of the union brought this fast-breaking chain of events: A blast at a tipple of the June- dale Coal Company at Grass Flat, Pa., ripped off the roof, tore off part of one side and damaged gen- erators and motors in the building. A gunfire flareup at Jasper, Ala., reportedly resulted in the death of one miner and the serious wound- ing of another. The sheriff there said he could not confirm the death, however. Governor William M. Tuck de- clared a state of emergency in Vir- ginia. The Kanawha county, Va., school board, ordered its school buses off the highways in fear of battling between pickets and non-union workers. It was with this background that Lewis' union was to confer with leaders of the southern coal opera- tors and of the northern and west- ern men. The walkout of miners entered its llth day today. Lewis, who wasn't expected to attend either meeting, said it was a spon- taneous demonstration by the union men, that'It was not a strike. Coal stocks were dwindling rap- Episcopal Church Moves to Abolish Jim Crow Practice San Francisco A proposal to abolish so-called "Jim Crow" inform (communist international restrictions within the church was nounced the trial as a Russian propaganda move aimed at weak- ening his Yugoslav regime. The Russian action was the I sharpest diplomatic slap at Yugo- slagia since the Moscow-led corn- information bureau) expelled the Yugoslavs in June, 1948. Economic Boycott Since that time Russia and her Eastern European satellites have clamped an economic boycott in Yugoslavia. Marshal Tito on Tuesday accused Russia of rattling the saber and digging trenches in the satellite countries along the Yugoslav bor- der in an attempt to intimidate his country. There was immediate speculation here that other communist nations may follow Russia's lead and sever formal ties with the Yugoslavs. Yugoslavia has friendship and mutual aid treaties with Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, before the 56th general convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church in America today. entitled to equal rights and status in any parish or mission church thereof. "He shall not be excluded from the worship or sacraments of the church, nor from parochial membership be- cause of race, color or nationality." There was no indication when the to He introduced an amendment that effect. Cabinet pay is now a year, i in As a result of the Budapest trial, Retaliated by expelling nine Yugo- pense allowance. Cain argued there would be much spread" between the pay of) legation attaches from Bel- the course of the the much spread" Detween pay 01, t Yugoslavia declared, government department heads and lwl Yugoslav the lawmakers if the bill passed. But Senator Long told turned down on loyalty regional boards. If turned for there, he could appeal to the spe- that a "hold the-line" to the city council for of the fire and police senate that the federal govern for the coming year. next fiscal year. tax cial loyalty review board.) That loyalty review board ported yesterday that, of 332 per- At its monthly meeting Wednes- day afternoon, the fire and police------ commissioners reviewed the -with others, to make view situation extremely seriousj la monthly wage increase. Iment must be ready to spend more present time, we are taking the at the was reduced to and the board! highly qualified men from quitting tjje additional perithe government or refusing to enter invnltv rpvipw board re aa' aiwrnooii, me lire ana police ancv ui per man, win remain as aiieaerai service. 1rt v that of 332 ner commissioners reviewed the -with others, to make yourjsurpius at the end of the current! Long said top-bracket officials invaitv wU found budget they had drafted a budget within the year and wm provide by the measure have not hv rhp lower boards this I and aSreed to reduce theirjat least of the budget requested i funds for the reductionlhad a general pay raise since 1925. (2 UV ,Uc luwci wvcvj, vio( j nf. fnr t.hp lact. -wear f__L ii__ ___i! x.nV.tviaf Wll (budget requests for operations the last year. fnnnri 70 werelthe fire and Police departments by. "If can so, you not 1UUHU UlUlt, I fTnn Ur.n.imtinn. Ytft rOTTim PT1 HpH hilt" t.VlP fm.nri aili rLht bv the review board for the beginning be commended, but the tax-! The total amount will be divided or the department heads and 1. f.ri tn haw their lobs' 12 were sent As originally drafted, total anti-jful. The letter was signed by J. R. departments with dropped ccl cipated expenditures for the nextlMcConnon, president of the each budget request. 'agreed on yesterday for the next) Besides cabinet officers, the bill i would give comparable raises to other major executives in various government agencies. government has already for a long time been carrying on profoundly hostile disruptive activity against the Soviet union, hypocritically masked by mendacious assurances of 'friendship' for the Soviet un- ed to back to the lower boards for a rehearing, and 143 are now in the to partment heads or the loyalty re- view board. There are around 000.000 federal employes. fiscal year for the two which operation of the fire department and for police department expenses. (Employes of the Atomic Energy! After the cut authorized by The letter was read to the board j by Commissioner W. W. Gurney who explained that the police com- mittee of the board had considered, various ways in which the budgets of tWe Army do not come under commissioners yesterday totaljmight be reduced in the interest; for the two departments j of the taxpayers, this stand just slightly less than! Board members agreed that they] A have their own programs combined budget adopted a year I were in favor of reduction of tnei t 6 it 'aEo ibudgets if the slash could be madej for loyalty cnecMi Last the {ire policejwithout a reduction of services for! board proposed and the city ap-lwhich the two departments are re-j Exams Authorized The police department, mean- while, is still contemplating the employment ot two additional pa- trolmen and Chief of Police A. J. Bingold Wednesday was authorized to hold examinations for patrolmen to be placed on a list for possible meeting WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity Pair and warmer tonight; low 40. Increasing clbudiness and warmer Friday; nigh in the afternoon 75. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the hours ending at 12 m. today: the t U. S. Polio Case Record Surpassed Washington More polio cases have been reported in the first nine months of 1949 than in any full year on record. Public Health service an- proved, budgets totaling jsponsible. with earmarked for the' fire department and for the police fund. Tax Association jture construction of a new Yesterday's decision to review and i house be eliminated or, as an reduce the budgets adopted in Au-j native, that allotments for y I nounced yesterday that the total Suggestions Considered Considered was a suggestion t a budget allocation for council lor ouageL studies to was 31.289, for al Of 1948 (budget requests might be reduced. t After the board had voted to its ,gust followed a letter received of two additional men, Ithe board from the Winona County Jin the police department be scrap- j 24 Taxpayers association which cur- ped. budgets by Maximum, 60; minimum, 33; noon, 60- precipitation, none; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on page 21. ears." fenUy'ITspe'aVneading a drive to! Neither were discussed at any iue 0 secure a reduction in Winona's however, and the ooarclinew police radio transmitter install-i innrf aereed unanimously to rely on anti-i riit. replied, "That sounds That's real music to my matter of construction of a load. In its letter to the fire and police board, the association observed that "the various departments and boards agreed unanimously to rely on cipated surpluses in the two funds, to allow the reduction. I It was pointed out that a year1 iaticn atop Garvin Heights was dis- (Continucd on Page 21, Column 4.) BUDGET compared worst year on about in 1916, the previous peak. The totals do not necessarily mean that this is the worst year for. poliomelitis epidemics, the health service said, in earlier years reporting was far less complete. Al- so, few nonparalytic cases were then reported. In the week ended September 24, there were new cases, com- pared with during the prev- ious week. Pact Signed in 194S Facts brought out at the trial, the note said, show that the So- viet-Yugoslav treaty has been "rudely trampled upon and torn to pieces by the present Yugoslav Clifford P. Morehouse of New York, a lay member, in the House of Deputies, proposed: "Every communicant or baptized laid off because of'the coal stop- page. The Grass Flat episode came this morning. State police, already bulwarked by extra details, said they were investigating the dyna- mite blast, but had made no ar- rests. Robely M. Smith, president of the company which employs 45 men, said it'll take a week before he can resume operations. The tip- ple is valued at Smith ordered his strip mining operation shut down yesterday af- ter, he said, TT.M.W. pickets at- tacked his non-union truckers with stones. The non-union men were hauling coal from mine pits to the tipple where coal is cleaned, crush- ed and loaded onto railroad cars. Some non-union miners were at work in Pennsylvania pits. Governor Tuck in his state-of- member of the church shall be emergency directive, reorganized the Virginia council of defense and directed it to secure "every pos- sible pound of coal" for Virginia's use. Today's meeting between repre- sentatives of the U.M.W. and the Southern Coal Producers associa- tions was called for this afternoon. resolution would be acted upon, jxhe talks are now in their fifth More liberal interpretation of the Episcopalian marriage laws was re- commended by a special committee of the House of Bishops. No change' will be made for at least three years, however. The committee recommended ap- pointment of a joint commission on holy matrimony. It would consist month. The SCPA represents about one-sixth of the soft coal in- dustry. John Owens, secretary-treasurer of the U.M.W., announced after yesterday's meeting that one ma- jor company was holding out against payments to the welfare and pension fund. He said it was of three bishops, three presbyters the Island Creek Coal Company, and three laymen. They would study the matter three years and report to the next general convention on possible amendment of existing can-j ons. A major question has been1 whether the stated grounds for nullifying a marriage, in the eyesj of the church, must have existed! before the marriage, or if they are! valid when they occur after the I marriage. The committee took the position that the grounds are ac- ceptable if they occur after mar- riage. fb The Yugoslav-Soviet friendship! The Episcopal church, prior treaty was in Moscow on 11946, would remarry only the in- nocent party in a divorce resulting April 11, 1945, by Marshal Tito and Vyacheslav Molotov, then foreign minister of the USSR. It bound them to "participate, in a spirit of sincere collaboration, in all international actions to ensure the peace and security of the na- tions." Sales on Hirohito's Latest Book Lag Tokyo' Hirohito' latest literary effort hit the book- stands today. But he'll get books back instead of a royalty. It did not make the best seller list as do most of the emperor's poems. Its title is "Sea Cows of Sagami year study of marine life by the emperor. The official bookseller reported only a "fair and added that he was sending the emperor 300 copies instead of a royalty check. West Virginia firm. Missing Italian Transatlantic Fliers Adrift New York T. W. A, an- nounced today it had received a disease. from adultery. In 1946, the House j dispatch from its Paris office in- of Bishops and the House of two Italian fliers, missing puties authorized nine.grounds September 17 in a transat- nullifj'ing a marriage. These flight, were adrift in their from fraud and duress to plane near the Bahamas islands. The fliers, -John M. Brondello and Camillio Barioglio, were on a planned nonstop flight from the Azores to New York in a single engined plane. The U. S. Coast Guard said an Army plane already had left San Oklahoma City The day Juan, Puerto Rico, for ,the loca- after Oklahoma endorsed pronibi-ition point due east of the Liquor Carrier Tempts Oklahoma tion again at the September 27 special election, this luggage ad- vertisement appeared in a news- paper here: "Special1 suitcase, folds to sur- middle section of the Bahamas group. T.W.A. said the dispatch from Paris was relayed at the request of the Coast Guard. prisingly compact size when not in I The message indicated the fliers perfect grip to take along book is based" on 20 when you're planning on returning with more than you started." "A further the ad 'is a side-opening fitted with two leather covered pint flasks, four jigger-cups, a corkscrew and bottle opener." were alive and was relayed from the Italian marine radio which picked up a blind message. The Coast Guard said the blind message said: "Alive drifting near Bahamas. losufficient food. Radio inoperative. No search planes sighted." ;