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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 28, 1949, Winona, Minnesota FROST TONIGHT, WARMER THURSDAY THERE'S NO STATIC ON KWNO-FM 97.5 MEGACYCLES VOLUME 49, NO. 189 W1NONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 28, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES Churchill Raps Attlee New Formula May Avert Steel Strike TODAY- Nation Not Prepared for War Perils By Joseph and Stewart Alsop trance-like re- ception of the news that the So- viets have exploded an atomic bomb is a bitter commentary on the quality of American leadership. Scare-mongerlng is bad, but It is even worse for the leaders of a democracy not to tell the people the truth. And the plain truth that the United States and the Western world are totally unpre- pared for the new situation that has now arisen. For four years, all the plans of the joint chiefs of staff have been squarely based on a single expec-j Representatives of Winona, Rochester and La Crosse along with tation. This was the expectation I delegations from 30 other cities and 13 airlines, were in Washington, D. C., today to testify in a case before the Civil Aeronautics board which may result in airline carrier service for this city by March, 1950. Eight of the 13 airlines are applying to give Winona service. The hearing involves more than miles of air routes touching 41 cities in eight Midwestern states. Board examiner is Ralph Wiser and the cities were to be heard in alphabetical order, with Beloit, Wis., and Burlington, Iowa at the 8 Airlines Ask CAB D c r-L Costs Believed Hermit to berve Lity that our monopoly of atomic weap- ons would continue, for a while, to deter any Soviet aggression. But now the monopoly has been broken, and we must inquire into the state of our affairs. The same plans of the joint chiefs in which our atomic mon- opoly bulked so large, also estab- lished certain things that were es- sential to do before the Soviets had an atomic bomb of their own. Al- though a Beria bomb MS now been successfully exploded, there will still be a little time before the; kremlin commands a decisive stockpile of its new weapons. But this time will be very haps two years and the things that the joint chiefs say must be done are very big. In brief, all American security planning sets two minimum objectives. FIRST, BALANCED GROUND, Britain, Canada May Join U. S. Atomic Work Basis of Plan Small Wage Hike May Help Workers Pay Their Part Pittsburgh showdown on steel contract negotiations appear- ed imminent today with wide- spread reports that the industry has come out with a new settle- top of the list. Representing the Tri Cities of Southeastern Minnesota and West- ern Wisconsin who have consolidat- t ed their cases as intervenors iniment OIIer- the action, are S. D.J. Bruski, city Neither side would comment on attorney of Winona, Dwight Ha- varied rumors as closed-door talks! By Jack Bell vens, manager of the Rochester I Chamber of Commerce and Ever- continued in an effort to avert a I nation-wide strike set for Friday Washington Lawmakers ;Ctt H. Woehrmann, manager of j midnight. heard today that British and Car.-! the La Crosse County Chamber of! There was no official word from i Commerce. j Philip Murray of the C.I.O. United Delay Irks Some Cities Steelworkers or Vice President! adian scientists may be invited toj join in atomic energy developments John Stephens of United States! naval and air forces must be pro- m this country. j -Lne Background. on progress of long ctm_ by the Atlantic Senator Hickenlooper (P.-Iowa) I Originally CAB awarded Inferences Any (jecision they reach to withstand at least the initial I told a reporter he has asked for! routes to Parks Air Line of East! is expected to set the pattern for shock of attack on Europe byilegal advice on whether any suchiSt. Louis, m. The routes are parting industry the red army. If Europe goes, the I arrangement can be made. He wants! of what the CAB knows as the! The Pittsburgh Sun Telegraph sequel will be inter-continental j to know whether it would violate j Great Lakes, Mississippi Valleyjn'ad reports that U. S. Steel will! warfare. And any inter-continental terms of the atomic energy North Central area cases. !offer a few cents wage increase! war will be unthinkably horrible, which he and others contend bansj parks failed to get service handle employe contributions! the date specified pension and insurance costs. It! jsaid the rumor "gamed ground be-! Urges Pound Its Own Level prolonged and destructive, ending perhaps in victory, but quite cer- tainly with the world in ruins. exchange of A-bomb information way with any other country. !CAB. Another committee member, who Second, the European-American asked not to be quoted by name, said it is his belief that British and Canadian experts could be taken into the American project without any change in the law. This senator said he would not! be surprised if some such proposal is made as a result of American- balanced defensive force must be supplemented with a special Amer- ican offensive striking force, which will hit the very vitals of the Rus- sian state with our own absolute weapons the moment war breaks out. If the Soviet organism is not thus crippled in the first moment British-Canadian atomic talks which of aggression, any balanced force we can organize will not be strong enough to defend Western Europe The red army will reach the At- lantic, and the phase of inter-con- tinental war will begin. This American security plan Is like a deadly but delicate mechan- Meanwhile, Mid-Continent Airlines of Kansas City asked to acquire Parks and its routes. This brought objections from oth- er airlines. They contended that if Parks could not serve the territory, be re-open- Some of the cities involved, i which had waited several T, -TT v-v. j i T James E. Webb, under secretary of! airline service> complainea over state, has said probably will be put the delay and asked action to gpeed ism, which will only work if of its parts is perfect, and allj parts are perfectly adjusted to on a continuing basis, Hickenlooper made it plain that he doesn't subscribe to any full partnership arrangement under which the British would be given the complete know-how and would ahead with bomb manufacture country, view of Russia's claim that each other. Anyone who has f pi- [she has the bomb, we have more lowed the debates on military aid for Europe must know that we do not have today the balanced de-. fensive force that we need. And! as yet, joint chiefs of staff plans] four years. THUS THE FIRST part of the mechanism is missing. So too is the second. Under joint chiefs of staff plans, the projected offensive striking force is to be, primarily, an American strategic Air Force. responsibilty than ever before to keep atomic developments entirely under our he said. Olivia de Havilland Becomes Mother Los Angeles de Hav- illand has a new. Benjamin Briggs Goodrich will be calling her that soon. The eight-pound youngster was along actual service. The CAB combined the cases and set a new hearing for today. With cause such a move was seen as a face-saving step for both sides." The Contribution Bid New York Times reported Former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, right, accompanied by U. S. Ambassador Lewis Douglas, departs from his London home for the House of Commons yesterday to hear opening of debate over devaluation of the British pound. Joining in debate today, Churchill asked Parliament to throw out the Labor government which succeeded his own regime. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republi- can-Herald.) U. S. Steel had offered last night! to meet the ten-cent pension and' welfare "package" recommended by President Truman's steel fact- finding board, but that it de- marided that its workers! make an additional contribution (amount not specified) from their own pay checks. A presidential board recom- mended a ten-cent hourly program some 50 witnesses scheduled, company financed pensions and hearing probably will last a week insurance. Industry has insisted on or longer. Decision to Follow Hearing After the hearing the examiner will make his recommendations and then the board will make its decision. Five lines have applied for all of the routes to Parks. Others want one or more of the routes. Those which the workers sharing the costs. Murray and Stephens held their! Oklahoma Vote Defeats Fifth Repeal Attempt Russ Irked by Charge Germans Built A-Bomb Charges Labor Government Inviting National Bankruptcy London Winston Churchill called on Parliament today to kick out Prime Minister Attlee's Labor government and make way for an- other which he said could set the British pound free to find its own level in world markets. The Conservative leader. In a slashing attack, denounced the La- bor government as having brought I Britain "to the verge of national and international bankruptcy." His address opened the Conserv- ative attack on the three-day de- bate in Parliament on Britain's de- valuation policy. Churchill said even if the Labor government was forced to devalue the pound from to "It cannot be a good thing and we have suffered a serious disaster." Under the present strict controls, the Conservative leader declared, it will prove a "new drain upon our latent strength and remaining motive power." The wartime prime minister said the sterling- area nations which use the pound still have great strength, and that Britain needs only a new government which could inspire confidence at home and abroad. "I believe strength, working free- ly and backed up by Intense pro- ductive efforts of all the communi- ties concerned, would in a short while achieve a far better rate of exchange against the present fig- ure of to which we have been Churchill said. Remedies Churchill said Britain must: Cut taxes, to-increase the in- cehtiVe to %-prl; .especially among wage earners direct. 2. Ease up on "needless and vex- atious controls and interference with the flexibility of private en- reprint of a New York Times editorial which suggested that German first af'er dark session ast :irst aark session last and Stephens working commented deligently." "we j Oklahoma City had helped the Russians! (is still legally dry, and discovering the secret of the! prohibitionists proclaimed atomic bomb. was a report U. S. Steel made its first definite offer at this time on for they intend dry, too. to make it literally want all of the routes arc Mid-Continent; Parks; Ozark Airlines, Springfield, Mo.; ploye participation. (statehood to repeal the state's con- A source close to negotiators! stitutional ban on intoxicants was said Murray "seems resigned b.eaten in a sPecial elec" _ i ___ -4-v- uon yesterday. a strike unless the companies give tion yesterday. Chicago and Southern of Tenn., and Central Airlines of Ok-j All the chiefs have agreed that a delivered by Caesarian section yes- 70-group Air Force is the smallest iterday. that can do the job. But President! The actress, wife of Novelist Truman and Secretary of Louis Johnson have themselves been ill been hard at work this session, cut- ting the Air Force down to 48 groups. Production of aircraft ar.d training of crews for the requisite strategic Air Force has already, been gravely set back. Furthermore, a strategic Air Force cannot operate in a vacuum. A 70-group Air Force was approved as adequate, on the assumption that a powerful chain of bases I overseas would permit more effi- cient operations over shorter dis- tances from Soviet targets. The bases now occupied by our units in England are only a minor i part in this .essential chain. Bases for the offensive striking force are certainly needed in North Africa, probably in the Middle East, ar-d possibly in Pakistan. These bases do not exist, and the political ures to have them made available have not even been undertaken. IN SHORT, we have the blue print of a defense mechanism, and not the mechanism itself. The greatest efforts of military prepar- ation will do us little good, after Europe has been overrun. The lar- gest stockpiles of bombs at Han- ford and Oak Ridge will do us no good whatever, if these and other absolute weapons cannot be laid down when needed on Stalingrad, and Chelyabinsk, and Magnito- gorsk. In the new situation in which we find ourselves, we are appallingly unready. In the face of these bleak facts, a great many people may console themselves with the happy thought that perhaps the kremlin cherishes no aggressive intentions. But really moonstruck powers of are needed, to believe that if tiic Soviet union achieves superior mil- itary power, this power will not be used for all it is worth. And in this cruel world, the moonstruck rarely survive. b Loan Approved Washington. The REA last night approved a loan of 000 to the Itasca-Mantrap Co-oper- ative Electrical association. Park Rapids, Minn. Aurelius Goodrich, has and in bed almost con- tinually since February. At one time, when her condition became critical, doctors feared for her bab- by. Benjamin, their first child, is named after his paternal great-1 great grandfather, a Texas pio- lahoma City. Those which want some of routes, but not all, are Continental Air Lines. Denver; Braniff Air Ways, Dallas; Wisconsin Central Madison; Turner Airlines, Indiana- polis; Eastern Airlines, New York Company city and Southern Lines, Alexandria, Bus La. Those which want the Chicago- Twin Cities route and which would thus provide Winona, Ro- chester and La Crosse with feeder line service are Mid Continent, (Continued on Page U, Column 3.) 8 AIRLINES in to his pension demands." Delay Unlikely Amid rumors that big U. S. Steel Corporation had made some sort of an offer, there came reports1 from Washington that President Truman was not inclined to make a fourth attempt to avoid the strike set for Saturday. The New York newspapers x'iew- ed the employe contribution issue as the major remaining obstacle to averting a steel strike. A formal union reply to the of- fer was due today. The Truman board recommend- ed that industry pay for the ten- cent "package." It left the door open, however, for contributions by the workers if their union agreed in collective bargaining that a larger fund was desirable as a means of expanding benefits. The union and U. S. Steel held two negotiating sessions yesterday, one a two hour night meeting. There was no progress report. If the men in steel pro- ducing plants hit the picket lines the strike probably will spread to another half-million unionists em- ployed in fabricating plants which use raw steel. The nation's last national steel strike was in 1946 when a two- month work stoppage brought pay increases of 19 cents an hour and With out of precincts reported, the unofficial returns were: For Against Joseph Kolarek, press attache of! the U. S. embassy who is in charge! The fifth attempt in -42 years of of the bulletin, said Czech authori-! ties told him they objected to the; following sentence in the editorial reprinted from the Times: "It is an obvious conclusion (as has often been stated by compe- tent scientists) that sooner or later the Russians would succeed in, splitting the atom, especially if theyj they do help of i Tulsa attorney who headed the Re-j peal Organization Incorporated at' the Oklahoma Economic Institute., The chairman of the a paragraph dealing with 'in- United Dry Association, David an allied state." Shapar'd, promptly announced The confiscated issue also contain- campaign for "ridding our state President Truman's statement of bootleggers and the evils of thejon the reported atomic explosion in whisky traffic." But the wets said the bootleggers (American atomic policy and various were the real winners. Kulp s. press comments on the sub- jject. I About copies of the Bulletin are published here in Czech. These go by mail to political leaders, edu- cators and various other Czechs. ed the outcome a "tragedy." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and and censorship, cooler with heavy to killing frost tonight; low in the city 35, 28 to 30 in rural areas, Thursday fair with; rising temperatures in the after- noon; high 64. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 lours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 64; minimum, 45; noon, 53; precipitation, trace; sun sets to- raised the average hourly pay to S1.65. steelworkers' night at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on Page 14. Yugoslavia Expels 9 Hungarian Diplomats By Alex H. Singleton Belgrade, slavia slapped back at a one-time communist partner last night by ordering'nine Hungarian diplomats to get out of the country. The action, widening the iron An Expressionless "Tokyo Mrs. Iva Toguri D'Aquino, leaves the federal courtroom in San Francisco, Calif., last night, accompanied by Deputy Marshal Herbert R. Cole, after hearing the jury members announce that they were unable to reach a verdict in the treason trial. The jury was still out at noon today. CAP. Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald.) curtain rift between Premier Mar- shal Tito and the Russian bloc, [followed by 24 hours Hungary's ac- ,on in giving walking .papers to Yugoslav legation officials In 'tfianjug, the official Yugoslav news agency, said Hungary obvi- ously intended to "bring about se- verance of diplomatic relations be- itween Yugoslavia and Hungary." Meanwhile Marshal Tito in an address accused Russia and her cominform (communist interna- tional bureau) satellites of "rattling Wisconsin Frost Damage Light Milwaukee Jack Frost nip- ped at Wisconsin several times in the past week but caused little damage, the U. S. Weather bur- eau's crop summary said yester- day. With corn safe, silos full, potatoes nearly dug and a good apple and cranberry harvest well under way, the frost damage was light. The past week's temperatures! averaged three degrees below nor- mal for the state. The most serious condition, the summary said, has been the lack of moisture, which put fall plowing bebmd schedule and made extra der: The cominform countries, said fuel necessary because of the ,hard Tito, are "digging trenches in Hun- sou. (their arms" along the Yugoslav bor- Czechoslovak government confiscated the U. S Information service's Daily Bulletin distributed here today, .claiming jterprise." that it contained an "insult" to Russia. 3. Elect a government which The alleged insult the Czechs said, was contained in the bulletin's could command national and in- "-------ternational confidence. Churchill made only passing ref- erence to the news that Russia has achieved an atomic explosion. He dealt chiefly with Britain's econ- omic woes, which he said brought the country to a predicament both "serious and strange." Churchill, whose own govern- ment was succeeded by the Labor- ites in 1945, loosed a verbal bar- rage against Sir Stafford Cripps, Britain's chancellor of the excheq- uer. Cripps yesterday announced a rise in the business and industrial profits tax and repeated that wages ind personal incomes must be held to present levels. Churchill called Cripps a "blun- who he said had an un- reasoning prejudice against private profits. Nationalization Flayed Labor's program of government ownership of mines and railways proved that nationalization wag "a jhastly failure and a further drain ipon our life's Churchill said. "Never has a government or par- more completely divested itself of the title deeds to speak in the name of the the Conserva- tive leader declared. The government has asked for a vote of confidence. That means the Attlee cabinet is asking "How have we Churchill said, and he commented: 'That is a question which the elec- tors will have to pronounce upon General Nelson Named State t Militia Chief By Jack B. Mackay St. Paul Gener- t j ial Joseph E. Nelson, Minnesota di- peal Organization Incorporated at ran afoul Of their law for the de-, selects service durine the Oklahoma Economic Institute, fense of the republic, particularly lector o, selective service during i The Czechs said that sentence! Russia, Washington statements on World War n and assistant ad- jutant general for the last 22 years, today was appointed adjutant gen- eral by Governor Youngdahl. General Nelson succeeds Major General Ellard A. Walsh, who an- nounced in a letter to the governor Tuesday that he will retire Mon- day, on his sixty-second birthday. Federal law requires retirement at 62. Governor Youngdahl disclosed his selection of General Nelson in The bulletin is subject to postalja letter delivered today to General Walsh, in which the chief execu- tive said it was with the "deepest regret" that he was informed the time has come for Walsh to retire as an active officer of the National Guard and as adjutant general. General Walsh has been presi- dent of the National Guard at no distant date." The Conservative counter-motion of no confidence says a return to (Continued on Page 14, Column 4.) prosperity "can never be assured NELSON 'under the present administration." gary and Romania." Just before Tito's speech, Yugo- Kardelj told the United Nations as- sembly in New York that Russia is using all sorts of economic blockade to armed further "imper- ialistic" aims against his country, j Canning factories continue to work on red beets and cabbage slavTa's Foreign Master Edvard for kraut. Farmer, filled silos on less acreage than usual. Many corn fields remaining have been put up in shocks or left standing for me- chanical or hand picking. ustic" aims againsi. nis cuuutry. .'_ (A Tanjug broadcast heard inj employment London said Yugoslavia had pro- tested to the United States, Britain and Russia that Hungary has brok- en her peace treaty by cutting off the delivery of war reparations.) There was no immediate an- nouncement of just which members of the Hungarian legation were or- dered out of Yugoslavia. 'New York Victor Christ- gau of Minnesota and Alan Wil- liamson of South "Dakota were named to the executive committee as the interstate conference of em- ployment security agencies met here yesterday. The meeting con- tinues through Thursday. Colonel Bernt Balchen, second from right, talks to newsmen at National airport in Washington last night after arrival from Norway in a scheduled nonstop flight interrupted by an emergency gas stop in New York. With Brigadier General Frank A. Armstrong, right, Alaskan Air Force commander, he is on three-leg experimental flight and returns today to Alaska. The first leg of the route took him over the North pole. He is a famed polar expert. (AP. Wireplioto to The Republican-Herald.) ;