Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 27, 1950, Winona, Minnesota
Scattered Showers Tonight, Cooler Thursday Football Thursday Night KWNO-FM VOLUME 50, NO. 188 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 27, 1950 EIGHTEEN PAGES TODAY- Conquerors Typical Americans By Joseph Alsop With the on the Seoul: Front: As these words are writ-' ten, the city of Seoul lies spread j out beneath the Marine positions) en the heights. The battle for the] Korean capital has begun hard fighting against violent ance. j From Inchon tc Seoul's outskirts, j this reporter has marched with the j Marine company (hat most often j headed the attacking column. The; experience, although depleting to! anyone in soft condition, has been! stirring, almost exhilarating. Now] that Easy company is being sent for a fhort time into reserve, it may be worth while to try to ex- plain why this experience has had so much of meaning and so much of goodness. The basic reasons, of course, Ihe company Hstlf and the men who compose it. This little band of Americans, whose average is not much above 20, was plunged into the Ko- rean fijrhting: in early AugTist. Few had seen combat before. Hardly one possessed the kind of "understanding of what they iverc fighting for" that aca- dcmi.'-mir.ded people at home are always saying soldiers ought to have. As far as one can make out the company's vie of the matter, then at the cruel beg-inning- and now when victory Is in sight, they have I been fighting for their country. I And this simple sen'iimcnt, re- luforced by stern training and I the company's powerful sense of being a team, has been quite Rood enough. In their first combat on the Chin- ju approaches, this reporter saw the company almost light-hearted- ly set out on a ten-mile night march after holding a naked moun- tain peak for 48 hours under con- tinuous shell fire. At No Name Ridge, the company led the as- sault, and of the 42 men of the Old Glory Hoisted Over Capitol at Seoul By Tom Lambert Seoul U. S.1 Marines captured and raised Ameri- can flags today over the South Korean capltol building and the Russian and French con- sulates in Seoul. The mopup fight for the capital city ap- peared to be nearing its end. Also seized from the Red defenders was the U. S. am- bassador's official residence. Opposition remained intense from small pockets of die-hard Communists. The city rocked today under the weight of fire and steel from defenders and attacking allies. By late afternoon, only a rel- atively small section of the city was still held by the Reds. It was mid-afternoon when Marine Captain Charles D. Frederick of Lyndhursi, N. J., and his company got away from the main North street of Seoul to hunt out the Ameri- can ambassador's residence and the Russian consulate. Buildings Empty Both buildings were empty. The U. S. ambassador's resi- dence had been looted and had been siightly damaged by three mortar or artillery shells. The Russian consulate also was damaged. Richard J. H. Johnston of the New York Times and I accompanied the patrol. The Marines strung out in a long uneven line on both sides of a narrow, twisting street flanked by fences, stone walls or houses. As we edged down the silent street, past the Russian ortho- dox church where the Reds for- merly met secretly, several small groups of Korean men and women ran to the streets and clapped their hands. They grinned at the leathernecks. The Marines moved on. Once a quick rattle of sniper fire halted the patrol briefly. The Marines edged closer to the walls. Hospital Corpsman John Ep- person of Fort Wayne, Ind., crouched against a shattered storefront and lit a cigarette. "This is the way to spend an he said. The column on again, stopping by a gateway leading into a playfie'ld and an outdoor basketball court. Captain Frederick summoned Staff Sergeant Jack A. Fichter of Aspinwall, Pa. "The Russian consulate is back iu there, over a wall said the captain. "Take some men and take a look." Fichter, a tall solid Marine, ordered up a group of leath- ernecks. This correspondent joined them. Tense and alert, warning each other to beware of booby traps and prepared to take un- der custody anyone found in the consulate building, the Ma- rines moved in. We climbed the steps to the porch and walked gingerly in- to tile front ball of the building. Marines butted open doors with their rifles and moved in- to the empty rooms. The place was gritty with plaster fallen from sheil and rifle holes in the walls and ceiling. Not a person was in the building. In several rooms some sort printed official- looking forms in the 'Russian language littered the floor. Many volumes of Russian books had been shaken onto the floor from shelves and book- cases. There was not a stick of furniture. Fichter ordered his men out- side. There was a burst of fire at the head of our column as we turned along a walled street toward the ambassa- dor's house some 50 yards away. Johnston and I moved up to see Sergeant Fichter approach the red lacquered, brass-bound gates of the American com- pound. At a sandbagged em- placement were two Red sol- diers. Exposed in the middle of the street, Fichter waved his car- bine and told them to surren- der. He turned to his Marines who had their weapons at shoulder and sights on the em- placement. "We're gonna capture those tie shouted, "don't any- body shoot. "If you do by God I'll shoot you." He walked forward, still beckoning. Marines moved up the street with him. The two North Koreans, in dingy green fatigues and caps bearing the five pointed Red Star, came out hesitantjy be- hind the sandbags, leaving their weapons behind. Ficbter walked up and mo- tioned them to remove their jackets and trousers. They did, wide-eyed with fear. Then Fichter had them remove their undershirts, leaving them standing in warm afternoon sun in long woolen drawers and tennis shoes. He gave each a cigarette and sent them to the rear. We movad into the com- pound of the ambassador's res- idence which contains the main house and several small- er ones. The buildings had been strip- ped of furnishings and all were slightly damaged by shell or mortar fire. In the ambassa- dor's house one easy chair re- mained with its padded back slashed open. The bathtub was lull of water. The looters had left one elec- tric refrigerator and a Chinese bronze wall plaque. In. a corner of the master bedroom, was a pile of dirty clothing that look- ed like a North Korean uni- form. Outside, Captain Frederick called up the company and the Marines sprawled luxuriously on the lawn, disdaining an oc- casional sniper shot. Part of the company return- ed to the Russian consulate. In a brief businesslike session, Private First Class Barthlo- mew N. Demafo of Jersey Ci- ty and Sergeant Leon Reese of Huntsville, Ala., hoisted an American flag under the watchful eye of Lieutenant Donald Evans, Jr., of Altoona, Pa. The flag was lowered and the Marines returned to the American ambassador's resi- dence for a similar ceremony. ins in Douglas Resigns, Gilford New Envoy to Britain eze British Trawler in White Sea Eye Injury, Need for Resr Forces Change Oslo, Norway A Rus- sian coastal vessel was report- ed today to have seized the 684- ton British trawler Swanella yesterday in the White sea and escorted it to a Russian har- bor. The White sea, which strad- dles the Arctic circle, Is sur- rounded on three sides by Rus- sian territory. The Vardoe radio, in north- ern Norway, reported the seiz- ure. It said the incident was witnessed by another British trawler, Kingston Agate, which reported the occurrence. The radio said the British agent in Tromso, Norway, was Informed. Official sources said no oth- er details were available. forward platoon, only a few have reached the crest. And at Yong- again the company that Washington The White House announced today President! Truman's selection oJ Walter S. Gifford as ambassador to London. Gifford, fonnev chairman of the san, it stormed i's way into the little vil- lage. In these and many other fights, in hardly more than of the American Telephone weeks time, this company has land Telegraph company and a Re- lost by wounds or death almost I publican, will succeed Lewis W. two-thirds of those who were its original members. Yet with these heavy losses, the company has Douglas in the post. The formal announcement Leaders Fear Demobilization was never failed, either to hold a po- made immediately after receipt of j sition it was asked to hold, or toJBritish approval of the appoint-' take a position it was asked to a step by diplomatic take. And with all this behind ihem, the men of the company rushed Inchon's Red beach and drove their way to Seoul with no those Ol custom. Douglas resigned yesterday for "personal considerations, including By Elton C. Fay, A.P. Military Affairs Reporter Washington A gnawing; Pentagon worry over a possiblejof "a'fee'ble Army and Navy, ebbing- or popular support for the] recession from the armament. Congress, responding as it should to popular will, frown- ed on any military appropriations other than those for the bare bones nation's defense program was ag- gravated today by Russia's latest j peace propaganda play and the seeming thought of what had pass-1 The change will be made effective (prospect Of an early end, to the ed or what might come. What is so stirring- about the company, however, is not that it is a srreat fighting out- fit. Fighting is the company job, and the company does it superlatively well, being as careful to take cover, to dispose itself for mutual support, to dij its foxholes deep after every march, as it is careless of dan- ger and death when careless- ness is needful. What is stir- ring, rather, is to see how the men of tha company, as in- dividuals, have withstood the harsh tests of this It is only after you have march- ed with the company a while that the individuals begin to stand out from the team the humorist, soldier of the sec- ond platoon with a sharp, hard bitten wit; the hunter, a young, ret! bearded corporal who is always pleading for permission to take his lire party out to staik the enemy alone; the so rounder, whose pride it Is to "steal the infantry the Don Juar., who ran away from home rt'hcn he was 12 and be- sides iiphtJDff, thinks only of new conquests; the family man, whose whole life is a lit- tle California cottape where a young wife and two children await him. And after you have marched with them awhile you also learn how cheerfully these men depend upon their chiefs the Polish- descended lieutenant, tall and lanky, who is such a fighter he needs holding- back a little; the big, bearded gunnery sergeant, whose rasping chant is heard all day. "keep down, cover, get off the yet who always volunteers far the night patrols; the captain with a name from the Ukraine, whose brothers still work in the mill in Connecticut, who got his education and made his way in the Marines by sheer intelli- gence and guts, who likes lo talk about his little boy and the new baby on the way when he is go- ing into battle. Far from trans- forming ths men of the company into the sarcastic or self pitying cardboard cutouts of the war novel- ists, their liarfh experience seems almost to have enlarged and am- plified them. They must, surely, have their share of selfishness, meanness, greediness and calcu- lation. But on the march and in a fight, you do not see these quali- ties. What little there is of food or shelter is generously shared. What-' ever the discomfort or the it is met with salty humor or calm: determination. Whatever the prob-l lem it is tackled shrewdly and coolly. This is a human atmos-J phere, indeed, that makes you be-i lieve in the essential value, the of-' (Continued on 12, Column 4.) ALSOP November l after Douglas returns to London in conclude his work there. Douglas plans to stay in London a month, then go to r.iis home in Arizona to rest. Gifford, who did government and war production work in both world wars, is 65, almost ten years older than Douglas. An active Repub- Korean war. Military officials, charged' by Congress and the President with the task of rebuilding the Armed Forces to discourage more Com- munist aggressions, had expressed deep concern over the possibility months ago. flood tide of World War U military strength was not as extensive but it was swift. Demands for demo- bilization, for the immediate re- turn of men under arms to civil! private First Class Carl Martin Carl Henningsen Listed Missing In Korean Action Trap Closed As Yanks From Pusan, Seoul Unite BULLETIN New circulated at the United Nations today that th Koreans have indicated willingness to quit fighting and accept a U. N. the set- life resulted in the rapid deflation of the Army, Navy, Marines and Air Force .to a fraction strength they only months before. Henningsen, above, son of Mrs. Lu Heaningsen, 555 West Mill street, of ".he (has been reported missing' in action a fewiin Korea since September 3. Henningsen. 20, is a member of A few military and diplomatic special military police unit. He officials spoke timidly about thejieft Seattle, Wash., June 15 for his newsmen, that after both world world where international tension lican, he may add strength to a strong1 public reaction set continued. But it was not until the partisan I policy. co-operation on against maintaining anything! 'but military force. Douglas resigned in the course of The swing of the pendulum aft- er World War I swept aside pro- v. conference with the President. The White House announced theljects to keep a reasonably sized action by making public an ex- military force-in-being and ultim- cnange of letters between Douglas ately carried through to the sec- and Mr. Truman. lond phase wholesale naval dis- spring of 1948, after the Com- munist seizure of Czechoslovakia had made plain the aggressive in- tentions of Russia, that the tide began to turn. A start on rebuild- ing national 'defenses was made. The historic trends made mili- tary men of this new era cautious. They emphasized, in talks with need for continuing defense in ajsecond tour of duty in the Pacific _ ft._ i_xi_ 4-nvic-ii-ii-i jiftcr Previously he nfld. been stationed at Saipan and Guam for a year and a half. He attend- ed Bluff Siding school. Navy to Call Officers Washington The Navy ex- pects to call up more than officers in continuing its buildup at sea. in the air and ashore. The Marine Corps has completed mobilization of its 138 organized Reserve ground units. And a congressional committee has started a sweeping investiga- tion of the Army's use of man- power, its needs in that field and how it intends to fill them. These military manpower de- velopments were disclosed yester- day. Navy officers said the first 4.000 or Naval Reserve offi- ce-s may be called in the near fu- ture. But the general increase will be spread out over a long period, they said. Canada May Send Troops to Europe Ottawa The advance of United Nations troops in Korea has raised the possibility that Canada's special army force may go to West- ern Europe instead of Korea. Official quarters here say that this possibility was probably dis- in New York among the for- eign ministers of the North Atlantic treaty nations and that it may come up next month's meeting of the pact's defense ministers. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and ble cloudiness, scattered showers tonight. Thursday mostly cloudy and a little cooler. Low tonight 54, high Thursday 60. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Maximum, 77; minimum, 51; noon, 73; precipitation, none; sun North Ihere no confirmation The State department in Washington also said it knew nothing of the reports. forces closed their noose today around many thousands of Reds now trapped and thinned by casualties and desertions in southeast Korea. The Allied line runs unbroken 'for 215 miles diagonally across the peninsula from extreme southeastern Pusan on the Sea of Japan, through the flaming mop-up battles of Seoul, to the Inchon sec- ond front beachhead on the "Yellow sea. The Reds once got within 39-odd miles of The Allied line v-'as splic- ed together at Changji, 25 miles south of Seoul. An armored First cavalry task force from the south sped 106 miles through Red territory close the gap between the two Irsnts. trnited Nations forces, spreading out on both sides of this line, lib- erated great areas or the U. N.- sponsored republic from the North Korean Communist grip. Flee in Disorder Red Koreau troops were fleeing in disorder in a route at some places all along the battlefront. But suicide rear-guard units, rang- ing in size from a few troops to thousands, foueht bitter delaying actions. The fighting remain-jd hottest In Seoul, now a city of rubbled, burn- ed and blackened buildings. Red holdouts, fighting over a maze of alleys, ridges and buildings, held off the final liberation of the cap- ital which General MacArthur an- nounced "Tuesday was back in friendly hands and liberated. At the linkup A.P. Correspondent Bill Boss said First cavalry tanks rammed through t. last-ditch Red attack to join Seventh infantry di- vision units from Inchon-Seoul in the walled town of Changji, about 25 miles south of Seoul. The linkup was made close to the place where the first Ameri- can soldier was killed in the Ko- rean war. That was July 5. "While mopping-up fighting is still in General Mac- Arthur announced, "all effective escape routes are closed and the fate of the North Korean forces jcaught in this pocket is sealed." i How many that was, no one knew. i Two weeks ago, just before the ilnchon landing, the Reds had an i estimated troops massed Tamoa Fla The bodv the Pusan Perlnlctcr- nine-Tear-Old Bobby swathed! Nations forces ln t in a sheet, was found in an ice' (Continued on Page 12, Column 1.) box st his mother's tavern today! I KOREA Dark Arrows show United Nations drives against crumbling de- fenses of North Koreans. An Allied link-up at Changji, underlined, closed a trap on thousands of Reds in the southwest area. Heavy fljhting continued in Seoul, -where mop-up operations appeared near'an end. Reds were fleeing the city to the north and northeast. On the southwest front, U. S. troops driving from Pohang and Chinju were reported nearing a juncture which would trap an estimated Communists. North of Pohang, Allies entered. Toksin and reached Togye, (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Sixteen Men who parachuted frcm a B-50 bomber which crashed Labrador wilderness await rescue from their improvised camp site after being located by n, search plane. Notice men around the fire in center foreground and one man standing in the "O" of their "16 OS." signal on tile ground, with tents at the right. All 16 were, removed from the wilderness to the UV S. Air Force Base at Goose Bay, Labrador, by helicopter and amphibious plane. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) sets tonight at sun.rises to- morrow at Additional weather on page 3. U. N. Approval On Crossing 38th Parallel Sought London An official source reported tonight the United States, Britain and France nave agreed that United Nations forces should the 38th parallel in Korea only if the general assembly The informant said the as- sembly "almost certainly" wfll be asked to permit the IT. N. forces to cross the parallel di- viding North and South Korea. Prosperity Ending, Sawyer Predicts Chicago Secretary of Com- merce Sawyer said today "The happy period of peace at J pros- perity enjoyed since tht end of World War U is for the time being at an end." "There is no advantage in pre- fending he said in a Body Found in Icebox Korean Peace Move Under Way in U. N. speech prepared for delivery at a meeting of the Association of Na tional Advertisers. By A. I. Goldberg New York Paced by Britain, a strong movement was under way in the United Nations assembly today to irame a peace and relief plan for Korea, to be ready to go into operation when mounting U. N. military successes are complete. A general British plan is be- ing circulated among many delegations for suggestions. A number of countries probably will act with Britain to spon- sor a completed resolution, bas- ed on the idea-that all Korea should be free and independent, with a government elected un- der supervision. Such a plan, approved by the United States and following Bri- tish .'foreign Minister Ernest Bevia's assembly for the U.N. to be ready to help all Korea, would probably get emergency treatment and be rushed through, committees and the assembly. Although the general plan calls for the U. N. to continue its for the U. N. to continue its collective military assistance to the republic of South Korea, none of the plan's sponsors would comment on whether U. N. forces now should go north, of the 38th parallel, across which North Korea launched its forces. The security council yester- day' voted to admit the republic of Indonesia. BS the U. N.'s 60th member. Approval by the as- sembly was considered certain.