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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 26, 1949, Winona, Minnesota CLOUDYTONIGHT, COOLER TUESDAY VOLUME 49, NO. 187 WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 26, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY THERE'S NO STATIC ONKWNO-FM 97.5 MEGACYCLES EIGHTEEN PAGES TQDAY- U. S. Arms Planning Table Upset By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Washington The timetable of American atrategic planning has been wholly upset by former NKVD chief Lavrenti Beria's suc- cess in perfecting a Soviet atomic bomb. The joint chiefs of staff pick- ed 1952, rather than 1949. as the year in which Soviet atomic stock- piling was likely to begin. This means simply that the timetable must be drastically revised, If the strategic balance of power is notj to shift disastrously in favor of thej kremlin. j Beria's triumph does not meanj that the balance of power has al-j ready shifted, overnight. There is! still' some time in which either to! achieve an agreement with the! Russians on control of atomic discoveries on both sides ergy, or else to confront the Rus- sians with overwhelming power, despite their possession of an atom- ic stockpile. These are, clearly, our only remaining alternatives. has atomic weapons, much time we have left depends Tighter U. S. Defense Sought Russ Test Spurs World Race for Atomic Energy New Veins of Uranium Reported Found in Spain London Reports of new of the iron Czechoslo- vakia and talk of an atomic energy race now that largely on how quickly the Rus- sians can overcome two obstacles. THE FIRST OF THESE is the problem of raw materials. Unless American and British information is disastrously wrong, the Russians are confronted with a serious short- age of uranium and thorium. Their main sources are the Frzegebirge mines In the Soviet zone of Ger- many and the Jacymov mines in Czechoslovakia. There are believed to be subsidiary sources in East- ern Europe, Turkestan, Sinkiang, Siberia and Central Russia. But the fissionable material in these sec- ondary sources is limited and of very low grade. Even the German and Czech mines are not nearly as rich as Anglo-American sources in the Bel- girn Congo and Canada. To pro- duct, the material for the Beria bomb, the German and Czech mines have had to be worked with a total disregard for human life The raw material has been almost literally clawed out of the earth, at a cost of an estimated deaths a month. This raw material shortage pro- vides, of course, no grounds for complacency. Even if the main German and Czech mines run out, geologists believe that sooner or later rich deposits are certain to be found in the vast land mass con- trolled by the kremlin. But the ex- perts do believe that the present shortage of raw material will slow the rate at which the Soviets can expect to build a decisive stockpile of bombs. THE SECOND OBSTACLE Which Beria and his colleagues of the Politburo must overcome is the problem of delivery. Until well af- ter the end of the war, the Rus- SWwn "tnelast'two But Within the last two years, These were the weekend devel- opments in Europe following Presi- dent Truman's announcement that the Russians had touched off an atomic explosion recently: 1. Tass, the official Soviet news agency, asserted Russia has had atomic weapons since 1947. It again said the Soviet union was ready for interna- tional control of atomic energy but didn't say what kind of con- trol. 2. Frnaco Spain, already pos- sessing known uranium depos- its, was reported to have found new veins of the ore from which atom bombs are made. This prompted speculation as to whether Generalissimo Franco would use his uranium store in bargaining for improv- ed relations with the western powers. 3. A new uranium mine was reported opened in Czecho- slovakia under the direction of Russian engineers. At least two Czech mines are known to be sending uranium already to So- viet Russia. 4. German scientists and ur- anium ore from east Germany helped the Russians develop their bomb, informed American and German sources reported. Although the Tass announcement Donald J. Kins, Orient region vice-president of Northwest Air- lines, above, had his exit permit canceled at the gangplank Sun- day when the U.S.S. General Gordon sailed from Shanghai with foreigners. King's home town is Kalamazoo, Mich. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Repub- lican-Herald.) did not confirm or deny President Truman's disclosure of a recent atomic explosion in Russia, it mat- ter-of-factly declared that Russia has had atomic Weapons since 1947. Bumper Wheat Yield Reported In Europe By Carl Hartman Paris looks forward to a bumper 1949 wheat crop, ap- proaching the yield of prewar years. An Associated Press survey of 14 countries disclosed that experts estimate the current harvest will jtop even last year's crop, despite long summer droughts. Only two Eastern European coun- tries were included in the survey, because most iron curtain coun- propriation unnecessary." Senate Ready To Vote Military Pay Increases Similar Bill Already Approved By Representatives By Marvin L. Arrosmith Washington Legislation au- thorizing the first general pay boost for the armed forces in 40 years comes up for a Senate vote today with approval generally re- garded as certain. The Senate arranged to ballot al 15 p.m. Backers of the measure pre- dieted only scattered opposition. I "The bill has merit and I be- jlieve it will pass by a good ma- said Senator Gurney (R- S. a member of the Senate (armed services committee which S drafted the measure. The House already has approved a similar bill. That draft and the Senate version both provide for hiking the pay of most ranks from private to major general. The cost of the Senate bill Is estimated at from Oc- tober 1, when the pay increase would become effective, through the fiscal year ending next June 30. During the following fiscal year the cost would go to and then come down to annually thereafter. There was talk by some Senate economy advocates of trying to write into the bill an amendment which would forbid any new appro priations to cost of the meet the pay hike first nine months. during the Senator Bridges (R-N.H.) said he and several other senators feel that initial cost should come out of funds already earmarked for mil- itary use this fiscal year. "The armed Bridges said, "should be able to economize enough to make any additional ap- tries have made it a crime to dis- close crop estimates. "Earlier American this expert summer, here said, "we figured this year's crops probably I five per cent below last year's. Many western European states- The figures coming in now make men and diplomats privately took us think that it may be even bec- the two-year bomb claim with a ter than 1948." I grain of salt. But chief interest een-i Europe's wheat production in tered on the news agency's state-! 1948 was tons. This was r-nnr-pntrated their at- ment that Russia sti11 wants "H86.5 per cent of the 1934-38 aver- t bombers The tenlational contro1 atomic total. Both totals exclude Rus- tention on erey' The main was: Isia which refuses to furnish figures Russian Domoers are p stalln gettlng ready to makej A break.down by countries any concessions to the West But another senator said private- ly he doubts that Congress is in any mood to cut economy corners where the military is concerned in view of President Truman's nouncement about an atomic plosion in Russia. an- 3 on three American B29s, which fell into Russian hands during the war. Air force intelligence has estimat- favor of honest-to-goodness interna- tional supervision? Red Wing Housing ed that the Russians now have about 300 of these bombers. This small strategic bomber force is considered insufficient for! a decisive surprise attack on United States. One way f lights j would be possible from existing So-j gt> General viet bases. But American isfc tod ruled that the cit forceg would have sufficient warn-] f Red wi m a t a m Qf ing so that the comparatively slowj50 housing units from Soviet bombers could be knocked out of the skies, before more than a tiny handful of planes approach- ed their targets. ARE OTHER means of the governmen A legal opinion was requested by Francis H. Watson, Red Wing city attorney. He said the governmen! One nossible tectaTaue is has offered the city title to larger crop thanlast year's which units without payment of any setba postwar record. t'i rt fin W 1 UlUUL V to smuggle bomb parts into a great, condition they are used city-say New Vork-the parts to, distressed vetcrans and their be brought together later and de- f tonated. But, again, according to Iamules- experts, it would be enormously difficult to deliver n single bombli i i, LA.- in this way. To deliver a Man sufficient to achieve a following estimates in met- ric tons: France: an estimated tons of wheat, more than last years. Italy: gain of 12 per cent. Britain: expects about 34 bushels per acre for some acres yield per acre but small- er total because of reduced plant- ings. Sweden: tons against in still well above 1939-1948 average. Western Germany: expects even Loss blow would be impossible. The Soviets are known to have been working feverishly on the German developed supersonic rockets. If these rockets could be fitted with an atomic warhead, it would be virtually impossible to defend Western Europe, and ulti- mately the United States, from sur- prise "attack. But the experts are certain the Soviets have not yet solved the immense problems in- volved in atomic rockets, and will not soon do so. All this means that there is still some no one cares! to guess how which Americans can sleep fairly easily in their beds. For the western Eu- ropeans, there is not even this con- solation. With only a few bombs in his stockpile, Beria could destroy Paris or Rome almost without, op- position. WESTERN STRATEGY has been based on the assumption that West- ern Europe could be put in a posi- tion of defense by the mid-fifties, when Soviet atomic stockpiling wag expected to get really under way. The whole effort to place Europe in a defense posture must now: clearly be redoubled, with heavy j emphasis on tactical air defense. Otherwise we must be prepared to see mounting pressure in Western Europe to settle with the kremlin or. the Kremlin's terms. Nor is this all. The military or- ganization of the whole Western world must be made so strong that the kremlin will not dare to chal- lenge it even with surprise attack and atomic bombs. If this is really to be done, the United States must now make a production effort com- parable to wartime. Minneapolis Ferris A. Fitz- loff. 43, of Mankato, was killed Sat- urday ir -U1 automobile coHision which occuied just outside police (headquarters. set a postwar record. Belgium: one of biggest harvests in history. Portugal: dropped badly because of long drought. better than av- erage. Czechoslovakia: about per cent higher than last! year. i Holland, Austria, Denmark and Ireland: bumper i crops expected. I La Crosse Metallics Plant Bums La Crosse, ear- ly morning fire Sunday de- stroyed the one-story factory building of Metallics, Inc., on the south side of town. Exploding drums of lacquer and thinner blew lingers of flame hiffh above the roof and attracted thousands of specta- tors to the scene. Some 60 city firemen pre- vented the blaze from spreading to an adjoining warehouse and lumberyard, although one side of the warehouse was burned to some extent. Fire Chief Adolph Kessel said the blaze is believed to have started near some dry- ing ovens. It was discovered shortly after midnight. Com- pany officials estimated dam- ages to finished products and equipment alone at G.O.P. Begins Work on New Farm Program Sioox City, Iowa Republi- can leaders said Saturday that their two-day farm hearing here had given them the framework of a new program for agriculture. After hearing testimony of sev- eral score janization farmers and spokesmen, farm or- Senator Mundt of South Dakota said their views will be used by Republicans Russ A-Bomb Control Bid Called 'Phoney' McMahon Joins Ex-G Man's Attack On Data Laxity By Joseph C. Goodwin Washington Congressmen studied new plans today for tight- ening security fences and rooting out red spies. A Russian call for international A-bomb control was branded "a phoney." Representative Velde a former G-man who worked on So- vir' espionage cases, said the se- curity record is "disgraceful" and 'a threat to our national exist- He talked of introducing a reso- lution demanding a congressional investigation of "the entire secur- ity set-up." Velde is a member of the House un-American activities committee. Senator O'Conor acting chairman of the Senate immigra- tion committee, said present laws infiltration un- der the guise of diplomatic and semidiplomatic status." New Law Proposed He a new law to bar them from the country or throw them out if they get in, regardless of their diplomatic status. Senator McMahon (D.-Conn.) chairman of the Senate House -----v- atomic committee, applied the Reliable German sources said at last the nazi-built munitions plant label to Russia's renew- President Truman hands the pen he used to Cordell Hull, right, former secretary of state, at the White House in Washington today after the chief executive signed a bill, foreground, extending the reciprocal trade agreements act and giving him a free hand to work out tariff-cutting treaties with other nations. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Russia Builds Line Of Rocket Bases has dotted Eastern Europe with launching bases for deadlier rockets than Hitler ever used in World War H, German and American sources said today. proposed measure. Party leaders said the testimony in Soviet-occupied Germany is producing rockets for Russia. The exact location of the Soviet launching bases is not known. But Allied military intelligence officers said they believed Russia had con- structed a chain of at I- Westera Europe stretching from! the Baltic to the Black sea in Soviet satellite territory. A TJ. S. intelligence officer said "itj is a matter of speculation" whether rockets launched in the farthest points of Western Eu- rope. indicated that farmers want a Military informants said there gram which will stable income at. with a minimum of direct govern- ment subsidies. In addition, the witnesses said they want reduced ;axes and less government control of agriculture but more participa- tion in administration of farm pro- assure them a! was no evidence the Soviet zone of fair prices and Germany was being prepared as a grams. The party leaders heard little support expressed here for the Brannan plan, but some members of the group wondered if Demo- crats and advocates of that plan had not stayed away from the Re- publican hearing. If that was so, hey added, the conference might have presented an unbalance view. The Brannan plan, which has President Truman's support, has a dual goal of lower food prices for consumers and high returns for 'armers. It would use government subsidies. I In summarizing testimony at the j conference, Mundt said there was agreement on these points: 1. The farm problem is a price problem, 2. The farmer "desires and deserves parity prices in the market place" as contrasted with lower prices supplemented with direct government subsi- dies or checks. (Parity is a legal standard for measuring farm prices, de- signed to ne equally fair to pro- ducers and consumers.) 3. The farmer opposes any plan which makes agriculture the "scapegoat" for high prices or for economic maladjust- ments which restrict the un- der-privileged to an inadequate diet. 4. Farmers recognize that "parity prices must not be used to produce unmanageable surpluses." a. Farmers strongly resist "all unnecessary invasions of their traditional freedoms." Chairman Guy G. Gabrielson of the party's national committee pledged the conference that the G.O.P. plan to rocket launching base. The Soviet zone, however, includes Peenemuende, one of the'biggest of Navy Takes Defense Heads On Maneuvers Hitler's rocket plants on the Baltic Aboard the Aircraft Carrier Franklin D. Roosevelt A coast. Peenemuende was once JNavy carrier task force' sailed from ed proposal for United Nations con- trol of atomic weapons. The latest Russian suggestion came after reports that the reds have fired an-atomic explosion. Senator Munflt {R.-S.D.) suggest- ed that, since U. N. atomic ef- forts have broken down. United Na- tions members meet as individual powers to create an adequate sys- tem. The Senate-House atomic com- mittee was rewriting its report on an investigation of the Atomic En- ergy commission in the light of the Russian explosion. Security Tightening Chairman McMahon siad changes probably will be made in a section dealing with security measures the commission has taken to preserve A-bomb secrets. He wouldn't com- ment further. Complaints that the commission oners as laborers. on-board look at how modern sea- in-1 jpower operates. smashed by British bombers but re-JNorfolk today to give Defense Sec- ports circulated recently Russia hasjretary Louis Johnson and other rebuilt it with German war TJ S. military officials an Ing off secret data which might reach Soviet hands formed one of the principal grounds for charges by Senator Hickenlooper Hickenlooper accused the A.E.C. and its Chairman David E. Lillen- thal of "incredible mismanage- ment." A bill to give the armed services their first general pay raise in 40 Underground Factories Another pro-Allied German .jrmant said a huge unc.-w-. munitions factory built by the Nazislington; as Rechlin, in northeast Germany, I chairman of. the joint chiefs of staff; is turning out new and dead-1 of staS of the three services; Secretary of the Air Force Sym- General Omar Bradley, lier rockets than those Hitler used to shoot at England. He been said the cordoned Rechlin plant has General C. B. Gates, commandant of the Marine Corps, and a group off with a heavy j of civilians also viewed the one-way years comes up for a Senate vote Soviet guard, and that thick mine-jnaval exercise off the Atlantic coast. fields have been laid. The civilians about 80 repre- A U. S. Army source said: "It isjsentatives of labor, education, reli- perfectly logical that Russia should jgion, industry and other units of the late today. Approval was regard- ed as certain. Backers predicted only scattered opposition. The House already has approved (have a network of launching finishing aja similar measure. for rockets. We know that Russiajweek of talks with J05' sincerely fears an attack from the west, and we know that rockets are a basic defense weapon of modern warfare." German scientists are believed was to let representatives of the j the following year the cost would see how the mffitary.go to OOW100 and then come rockets improving on the vicious runs, and to learn at first hand its down to annually there- mainly responsible for the Sovie' Godmothcrs Hold The Collins quads of the Bronx at-their christening ceremony in New York city yes- terday. Left to right are: Mrs. William Collins, an aunt, holding Andrew Raymond; Mrs. John Brushi, an aunt, holding Edward Charles; Mrs. Ethel Collins, the mother; Miss Edyth Collins, an aunt, hold- ing Barbara Ellen; Miss Marjorie Farnsworth, newspaperwoman, holding Linda Carol, and the Rev. Matthew F. Johnson, pastor emeritus, Morrisania Presbyterian church, who officiated. Left to right, rear, are .Bronx Borough President James J. Lyons, smiling, Frank W, Kridel, host, and Charles Collins, father of the quads. Two men at the extreme left are unidentified. The quads were born last May. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) will try to work out a insure the stability and Drosperity of the biggest business n the United States." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and clou- dy tonight and Tuesday; cooler Tuesday. Low tonight 55; high Tuesday 71. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 77; minimum, 41; noon, 76; precipitation, none. Official' observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 79; minimum 5g; noon, 74; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises totj morrow at Additional Weather on Page 9. V-2 weapons they first fashioned for Hitler. Although the V-2 was the last rocket model used extensively on England, rumors were thick at the end of the war that Nazi engineers had worked their way through suc- cessive experimental models to a V-12, capable of reaching Americas east coast. Name Explained Hitler named his rockets "V" wea- military leaders in Washington anditimated at from Octo- visits to two Air Force and Armv ber l< when the raise would be- visits to two Air Force and Army installations. The purpose of this trip, as was that of previous ones, come effective, through the fiscal year ending next June 30. -During problems. This was Johnson had invited the the reason after, civilian Western diplomats In Moscow weighed the Soviets latest bid for atom bomb control today as they studied Russia's claim she has had atomic weapons for at least .two years. The Russian Issued yesterday by Tass, official soviet news the first official reaction to President Truman's an- nouncement that evidence had been discovered of a recent atomic blast in Russia. It did not confirm or deny such __ ,n explosion, but recalled the tne'conquered coast of the English! High administration sources dis-'statement of Soviet Foreign Minis- channel !closed that Mr. Truman, a formerjter V. M. Molotov on November 6, Allied military spokesmen said grand master of the Missouri grand 11947, that the secret of the atom j i- "Viof Trt OVlct group to the fourth "joint orienta- tion conference" trip of the chiefs of staff. Truman Planning Flight to St. Louis Tru- pons, for a word meaning retaliation. German j man will fly to St. Louis Wednesday I to attend a big Masonic celebration. He sprung "them on England in I He already has an engagement to late 1944, and blitzed London night-jspeafc at Kansas City Thursday ly from launching ramps built Control Bid Studied Russia did not use long-range rockets during the war, although One of the favorite Russian artil- lodge of Masons, will stay at St. Louis Wednesday and will install jit said Russia u 1 there was evidence Soviet engineers grand lodge officers in a ceremony jweapons were working on the project. Thursday morning. has long ceased to exist." has had atomic liat time. Observers' attention, was focus- From St. Louis he will fly to Kan- mainly on the last two para- lery weapons was a rocket called the which laid down saturation barrages from multiple firing racks mounted on U. S. lend-lease trucks. B-29 Crash Toll Mounts to 11 more crewmen have died of injuries suffered in a B-29 crash on Guam Friday night in which eight men were killed in- stantly. Three remaining crewmen-were said to be in critical condition. The accident occurred when an engine failed on takeoff. The plane _ _ close-rangejsas City Thursday afternoon. Hisi graphs of the Tass statement. crashed on the runway plodecL and ex- speech that night is to be at aiThese paragraphs read: testimonial dinner for William M.I "It should be pointed out that Boyle, Jr.. new Democratic national the Soviet government, despite the chairman and a former Kansas City police official. Oshkosh Midget Plane Racer Wins Beading, Pa. nand, Oshkosh, Wis., won the 000 rebat midget plane race here' yesterday at a speed of 164.68 miles an hour. Brennand, recent winner of the Goodyear Trophy race at Cleve- land, flew over a ten lap, two mile closed course. Steve Wittman, also of Oshkosh, was second. existence in its country of an atomic weapon, adopts and intends adopting in the future its atomic position in favor of the absolute prohibition of the use of the atomic weapon. "Concerning control of the atom- ic weapon, it has to be said that control will be essential in order to check up on fulfillment of a decision on the prohibition of pro- duction of the atomic weapon." (Russia long has urged outlaw- ing the atom bomb and advocated controls to make the ban stick. However, she has turned down the 17. S. plan for detailed controls and inspection.) ;