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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 24, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Increasing Cloudinesf and Local Showers Tonight and Friday VOLUME 53, NO. 185 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 1953 Read 'Green Water' Page 9 Today TWENTY-FOUR PAGES lies Asks AFL mercan Among 23 A fusing Repatriation ALDEN, Minn. Minnesota soldier who told his mother on the morning he' left home to go overseas that "if I should win the Medal of Honor, I still wouldn't have done enough for my was listed today among 23 Americans refusing repatriation in Korea. A list handed Allied newsmen in Tokyo today by Wilfred Burchett, Communist correspondent, contain- ed the name of Pfc. Richard R. Tenneson, Alden, Minn. Burchett's list did not include hometowns, but the official list of missing prisoners in Washington designated Tenneson from Alden and his rank as private first class. Tenneson's mother, Mrs. Portia N. Howe, lives or Route 2, near Alden. She said Richard reached his 21st birthday last June. Mrs. Howe and Richard's father were divorced when he was a child. Alden is 10 miles west of Albert Reds Turn Over 23 'Progressive' Dr. Marek Stanislaw Korowici, who quit the Polish United Nations delegation to ask for asylum in the United States, looked over papers as he testified today before House Un-Ameri- can Activities Committee in Washington, D. C., he said the reason he fled Communism was that he could serve to the fullest extent the interest of Poland better in the United States, that the Polish delegation in the U.N. is under Soviet domination, and that only five "per cent of the people in Poland are true Communists, Story on page 15, (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) _____ PANMUNJOM Commu- nists today surrendered to neutral nations custody 359 war prisoners Americans, 1 Briton and 335 South the Reds say asked '.j remain behind the Iron Cuuain. The Americans rode in open Rus- sian-built trucks loudly .singing the Communist "Internationale." "Arise, ye prisoners of starva- tion arise ye starvelings of chanted the tanned, healthy look- ing men. the South Korean prisoners screamed "American imperialists, get at U. S. newsmen Lea. No one from Wisconsin was listed. The 23 names listed by Burchett were among 944 missing Ameri- cans the U.N. Command on Sept. 9 asked the account for. Reds to return or Burchett's list also included one Briton. The 24 were turned over to Indian custody in Korea. Mrs. Howe, who said this morn- ing that she is a Methodist and her soldier son a Baptist, told newsmen: "If you accept Communism you Seven Crew Members and 37 Korean war vet- eran passengers fled to safety from this flaming Caribbean-American Airlines plane after a belly landing in a stubble field near Miles City, Mont., Tuesday. Capt. James Dillon, Burbank, Calif., had stopped in Miles City for refueling only min- utes before but was forced to turn back when an engine caught fire. The ship, a non-scheduled liner, was taking veterans to Baltimore, Md., and Boston, Mass., and had started for Kansas City, Mo., shortly before the forced landing. (AP WirepUoto to The Republican-Herald) GREEN BAY, Wis. Wiley CR-Wis) said today the United States must increase its defense spending, but he said a national sales tax is the wrong way to raise the revenue needed. Such a tax, he predicted, would be "thundcringly rejected" by Congress. And he said the Eisen- hower administration would pro- pose and push through a sales tax only "if it wanted to dig its own political grave." Many Republicans in Congress have been talking hopefully of cutting military expenditures furth- er. But Wiley, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Commit- tee, declared in a speech prepared for' a luncheon meeting of the Green Bay Rotary Club: "Defense expenditures arc going to have to increase because simply arc not adequately prepared on a continental basis. "We are all, of course, hoping that we will get increased effici- ency in our armed forces and in Other government departments, so we can make necessary savings. "As we know, lilt- Eisenhower administration is leaving no stone unturned in order to try to save every possible dollar which it rea- sonably can. "But it cannot accomplish bud- get miracles. So, inevitably, we are having to search for new sources of revenue. It was only natural that people should at least consider a national sales tax." Secretary of the T r c a s u r y Humphrey has said a federal sales tax is one of many proposals being considered, but that no final deci- sions have been made on what to recommend to Congress. Tax law changes scheduled to take effect automatically next year will cost the Treasury about billion dollars a year. Sen. Wiley said a sales levy "is the worst, unfairest type of tax" because it falls most heavily on low income families. B La Crosse Policeman Sues Group LA CROSSE, Wis. La Crosse police Capt. Clarence Koblitz has i filed a SI.000 claim auainst the Police Protective association chap- ter here for his expenses defend- ing himself against a perjury charge. The perjury charae, brought against Koblitz by Officer James Christie, was dismissed in circuit court July 9. Koblitz was accused of giving false testimony at a Po- lice and Fire commission hearing on Christie's activities last winter. Accused Ex-Siafe Cashier Appeals Post Dismissal ST. PAUL (-71 Mrs. Lillian R. Carlson, accused of embezzling while cashier for the Minne- sota Division of Employment and Security, has appealed her dismis- sal from the post to the Civil Service Board. Mrs. Carlson was denied rein- statement as cashier when a six months leave of absence expired Sept. 1. Her appeal came Wednes- day. Mrs. Carlson's attorneys have asked dismissal of the indictment, claiming the grand jury true bill in the case is invalid. Mrs. Carl- son has denied charges that she took the money, which came through her as payments from employers to the state jobless compensation fund. A hearing on her dismissal ap- peal was set for Nov. 4. Trial on the embezzlement count is sched- uled lo begin Oct. 19. watched the transfer of prisoners I turn against what wor-j to custody of Indian troops in the jries me right now more than any- demilitarized zone near heie. thing. It worries me more than his i The Americans looked happy I physical condition. j and contended. The Communists whole thing is so unlike quoted them as saying they love Richard. I'm positive that if I their country and some aay will i tan- io him for at least 10 the American people I I could at least make a have achieved "freedom." "We hope to play our part in achieving this and we know the American people will receive us back on that day with open said a statement the Reds said was drafted and signed by the Americans while at nearby Kae- dent in that kind of thinking I "The morning before Richard left home to go to Camp Stoneham in California for shipment overseas the two of us had a long talk in the The Briton, identified as a Ma- I rine who had served seven years of a 12 year enlistment, was quoted: "I am determined to play my small part in fighting for the better sort of world I believe in Allied "explainers" are to begin talking to American, British and South Korean prisoners at the camp a mile above Panmunjom Saturday, telling them they have the right to be repatriated if they wish. At the same time, Communist representatives will visit North Korean and Chinese pris- oners who refuse repatriation at another Indian camp five miles southwest of Panmunjom, trying to make them change their minds. The Allies Thursday boosted the number of missing United Nations soldiers for whom they demand an accounting from the Reds by 17 to The Allies conceded at a meet- ing of the armistice commission secretariat, that some POWs on 3 kitchen. We both knew what might! CANANDAIGUA, N. Eugene McManus, 19-year-old con-j fessed killer of five, was found j and said 'If'l should "win the Con-! guilty today of first-degree felony I be ahead. "He looked so young to j' but he straightened up like a gressional Medal of Honor, I still j murder, wouldn't have done-enough for my country.'" Mrs. Howe said her son was apparently in action for only about H-Bomb Reality Prompts New Look At Defense Plans By ELTON C. FAY WASHINGTON UV-Scientific predictions that the hydrogen bomb may soon explode into practical prospect that set off soul-searching in the in significance today an 0. c r f .f i sou-searcn A State Supreme Court jury of meefing Of the National Security Council. 1 nt nn <1 Tl A fll'ft P n-rl__ ______ f _ i. nf TTrVlrt A 10 men and two women returned its verdict at p.m. (CST) after seven weeks before he was cap-1 deliberating more than 13 hours, tured. He was hospitalized in the and recommended life imprison- winter of 1951-52, and some of his I ment Justice H. Douglass Van Duser to that he was "very sick" at the time. "It was Mrs. Howe said, "that his letters began praising the Communists for the treatment he was getting. He said the food was some of his pals have told me since then that it actually was good. He never once wrote anything against his own said he was impatient to get home and wondered if every- thing possible was being done to end the war. "Every letter spoke of getting home. I was to have a turkey ready, his grandma was to make The new Joint Chiefs of Staff, who comprise America's high mil- itary command, already are overdue with recommendations on the size and shape of the armed forces for the year starting next July 1. This entirely "new it was learned today, was ordered by the his favorite cookies and my sister man was the first victim of his the original list submitted hcpt. a was to have cup cakes reaciy for i four-day cross-country spree with ordered the jury of 10 men and! White House and Defense Depart- two women locked up for the night! ment primarily nuclear when no verdict wis reached after i warne nine hours of deliberations Wednes- j frightfully real. day. I President Eisenhower summoned McManus, a former Marine from an unusually large number of his Valley Stream L L, was accused government aides and advisers to here of the pistol slaying of Wil- "f tl10 tm 1pvel liam Allen Braverman of Roches- ter, 19-year-old Hpbart College student who gave him a ride last March 27. According to McManus' confes- sions, admitted in evidence at the two-and-a-half week trial, Braver- U.S. Offers to Return MIG to had been repatriated. The U. N. Command deleted 27 names from the original list of 944 Americans, then added 41 more American names. They also added him. He spoke of wanting to get back to church again." 'Little Switch Wednesday Mrs. Howe received .IJIlCTlHaUJldJIlU.9. the names of two British soldiers a letter from Cpl. David Ludlum and one Canadian. Challenger Roland LsStana of New York City watched New York State Boxing Commissioner Robert K. Christenberry weigh in world's heavyweight Champion Rocky Marciano, Brockton, Mass., in Madison Square Garden in New York City today for their title bout tonight. Marciano weighed 185 while LaStarza was surprisingly lighter by one-fourth of a pound. It was the lowest LaStarza had weighed since he hit the bigtime in boxing. Story on the sport page. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) who is hospital- ized at Camp Carson, Colo. He brought Richard's name back on a list of men he knew in camp before he was released in the "Little Switch" exchange of pris- oners earlier this year. She has heard from Ludlum twice in the meantime. I Part of Ludlum's letter Wednes- j day read: I am sure that he will I look at things differently after a few months back home. I don't i think he stayed back because of] the other men, because he was well liked by everyone and he wasn't a traitor like some of them. He just fell for the Communist line, that's all Tenneson enlisted July 18, 1950, Mrs. Howe said she begged him to finish high school but he would not see it at that time. She re- ceived about 10 letters from her son, Mrs. Howe said, and several indicated a touch of homesickness. In his last letter to his 16-year-old brother, Nathan, Richard said he intended to continue his education when he got out. Loafing Suggested As Health Measure GRAND RAPIDS, Mich. I medical heart spe- j jcialist and a I recommended "plain, old-fashioned i loafing" as a means of staying healthy to the 88th convention of I the Michigan Medical Society last night. I Dr. Leo Taran, New York heart specialist, said a 15-minute inter-! ruption in the day's activities I would be a step toward cutting down-the incidence of heart di- a teenaged girl friend. McManus has said he slew five persons in order to obtain a car and money to take the girl to Cali- fornia. The killings netted about in cash, McManus pleaded innocent by reason of insanity. Conflicting tes- timony by psychiatrists took up much of the trial. The defense did not contest the state's evidence on the slaying. Two of the killings were women at Spring Valley, Minn. Loss Set in New Ulm Food Plant Fire NEW ULM, Minn. Wl Stork today's meeting of the top level National Security meeting. Normally fewer than a dozen members and ad- visers from the armed forces and other the weekly meeting. But today 26 names were listed in addition to that of the President who serves as council chairman. Full Membership Besides the full'membership of j Ctnf-P fho W LiL. WASHINGTON Wl The United States today offered to return to its "rightful owner" the MIG15 jet plane flown into American lines by a North Korean pilot. At the same time the Far East Command withdrew for the dura- tion of peace talks the offer to pay for MIGs delivered to the the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the secretaries of the armed services, the White House called to the meet- ing six special consultants on con- tinental defense, among them Lt. Gen. Harold W. Bull, retired, now attached to the Central Intelligence Agency Eisenhower and Secretary of Defense Wilson, when they picked the new staff chiefs last spring, let it be known their orders were to take a thorough look at the military machine and produce a report. This report, aside from its gen- eral aim of remolding the armed forces, would be the basis for bud- get recommendations for the De- fense Department. But Sept. 15, the deadline set by Budget Director Joseph M. Dodge for all preliminary budget estimates, came and went without any recommendation by the Joint Chiefs. Wilson was reported con- sidering a mandate i to the chiefs Brothers Produce Co. plant, one to have their report ready in two of New Ulm's largest industries, weeks. was destroyed by fire early today Recasting of the defense setup with loss estimated at more than j is compelled not only because American physicists have brought Flames were discovered shortly after midnight and by 2 a.m. had their hydrogen explosive research virtually to the point of a practical The statement by Gen. Mark W. Clark, U. N. commander, had nothing to say directly about pay- ment to the Korean pilot who delivered the first MIG last week. Convention Told Union Can Blast Communist Myth Secretary Calls For Government, Labor Partnership ST. LOUIS Secretary of State Dulles called today lor a "closer partnership" between the government and the American federation of. Labor in a world- wide campaign to "explode the Communist myth" of a workers paradise behind the Iron Curtain. He said the Reds had used this myth effectively to extend Soviet power. in a speech prepared for the American Federation of Labor convention here, JJuiies pictured So- viet Communism as being actually an exploitation of the worker. "No task is more important for us than mat of exploding the Com- munist he said. He told the AFL gathering that "you have done more than any oth- er single body to explode the Com- munist and added: "In this matter there should be closer partnership between us." Dulles also declared on specific foreign policy issues: 1. Russia has met American ap- peals ior armament more urgently needed to meet the hydrogen bomb repeti- tion of "their old refrains" but the United States will persist in its "quest for peace." 2. Atomic and hydrogen weapons may have given Communist rulers the possibility of setting off de- structive forces which could threat- en "the survival of civilization as we know it." Mankind, Dulles added, laces "an ultimate peril" never known before. 3. The Chinese Communists "seem to be pursuing tactics of de- lay" in negotiations to bring about a Korean peace conference but the United States and its Allies will do everything possible to bring about a conference and make it success- ful. 4. Recent French steps to grant full independence to the Indochi- nese states have made it possible for the United States now to con- tribute substantially "in money and material to the successful conclusion" of the anti-Communist war in Indochina. 5. The recent overthrow of the Mossadegh government in Iran has created a new opportunity for Iran to tackle pressing internal and for- eign problems largely related to its long dispute with Britain over oil nationalization. 6. Chancellor Konrad Adenau- er's spectacular victory in West Germany Sept. 6 constituted an en- dorsement of the policies "of ty- ing West Germany to the western world" which the United States has pursued jointly with its allies and with the West German republic. Dulles added that the American government is "hopefully" await- ing a response from Russia to Western proposal for a Big Four meeting on German unification. Discussing what he called a "swindle" by the Reds in their claims of benefits to the workers, Dulles said: "The facts are all on our side. The Russian worker is the most underpaid, overworked person in any modern industrial state. He is the most managed, checked, spied- Pentagon officials, however, noted on and unrepresented worker in there was nothing in the Clark statement to make it retroactive. On that basis the Korean would get his for the plane the world today. He has full em- ployment to be 'Sure, because pris- on camps see to that. The so called 'labor unions' in plus another bonus as the the Communist world do nothing first to take up the U. S. offer, j to improve these Dul- Clark's statement, released sim- les said. "That is because their ultaneously here and in Tokyo, union is simply the largest 'com- I parry' union in the world." "The traditional policy of the j Dulles read a statement which he United States of America to grant 1 said he had received last Tuesday asylum to those seeking freedom j from Dr. Marek Korowicz, a mem- remains unchanged. I her of the Red Polish delegation 'However, during this period of to the United Nations who had just armistice discussions the offer by I asked for asylum in the United the Far East Command on 271 States. He quoted Korowicz: April, 1953, to award for! "Trade unions which by nature undamaged MIGs brought to our are designed to safeguard workers' side is withdrawn. rights have become in fact the or- "When the rightful ownership oflgans of official Communist control the MIG that recently landed at' Kimpo has been established we will offer to turn it over to that owner." Dell razed the large two-story struc-1 weapon. It gains impetus also GO fOf ture. The loss included cases from ample and ominous evidence 33 of eggs, each holding 30 dozen, that Russia too is racing along the j and chickens, mostly pro- cessed and ready for the market. I The blaze will put about 80 per- sons out of jobs temporarily. Ed Ozias, an official of the firm, collapsed while hurrying to carry out office records. He was hospi- talized for what physicians said they suspected was a heart attack. Flames were fed by exploding tanks of refrigeration gas. Despite the early hour, thousands of spec- tators lined downtown streets. A hundred or more came from a wedding dance in progress across the street from the flaming struc- ture. same path. The United States government thus is confronted with two prob- lems of the utmost urgency and gravity: 1. To convince the world of the ST. PAUL Wl Justice Roger L. Dell of the Minnesota Supreme Court was recommended and oppression." WEATHER LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 78; minimum, 54; noon, 75; precipitation, .07; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and cloudiness and local showers to- night and early Friday. Clearing today by the Fergus Falls Journal and turning co'oler Friday after- with war using the new weapon., 2. To seek tighter defense of the ?reme Court North American continent against The newspaper stated editorially nuclear defense which even the most optimistic do not believe can be absolute. that "the President could not do better than come to Minnesota, half way between the East and the AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max.' temp. 70 at a.m. to- Nooa clear day, low at a.m. 59. 70, skies Those responsible for planning West, and the man he would natur- j with visibility of 15 miles. The wind continental defense must reckon ally select here would be Roger with more than atomic or hydro- j L. Dell, chief justice of the su- gen bomb air raids. _ [prerne court of this is calm, the barometer steady at 29.99 and the humidity is 54 per cent. ;