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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 24, 1949, Winona, Minnesota FAIR TONIGHT, WARMER SUNDAY VOLUME 49, NO. 186 WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 24, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY THERE'S NO STATIC? ON KWNO-FM 97.5 MEGACYCLES FOURTEEN PAGES TODAY- Nation Can't Afford Steel Strike Now By Joseph and Stewart Alsop is trying to prove that the country doesn't need Taft-HarUey, and the steel in- dustry is trying to prove that it does." This is how one of the C.I.O. chiefs has described the real is- sues in the threatened steel strike. He was. of course, over-simplify- ing. But It is true that the strike issues cannot be understood merely in terms of the ten cents an hour in benefits which C.I.O. President Philip Murray is asking and the steel industry is resisting. Other powerful factors are clear- ly affecting the course of the three principal parties to the dispute, Truman, Murray, and such steel In- dustry spokesmen as United States Steel president Benjamin Fairless. One of these factors is Murray's strategic position. There was some surprise when Murray immediately accepted the Presidential board's ruling against a wage rise for the Steel Workers. But the explanation is simple. If he possibly can, Mur- ray wants to avoid a strike, and for good and sufficient reason. His position, in a test of strength with the steel companies, is dangerously weak, Murray's weakness springs part Experts Cite U.S. Atomic Lead South Dakota Farmer's Body Found Hanged Man Sought In Deaths Of Two Women Scotland, S. State police radio reports this morning carried the news that the body of Ed Sla- ba, Scotland farmer sought in con- nection with the deaths of his wife and her sister-in-law, was found about a.m. today hanging in tree on the Ray Vellek farm. The farm is a mile south and mile west of the Slaba farm rings pan- h ly from the steel industry's strength. The industry has reserves slaba had been mlsslne smce to see it through a strike of al-iWednesday, when the charred body most unlimited duration. It is his wife, aged 26, was found in that the steel union also has a large lujg of the garaee on the strike kitty. But keeping several hundred thousand strikers eating f aba A. Coroner's jury yes- terday determined the woman had than a month. found in a cistern on the Pod- The union would then have to zjmek farm about 20 miles west turn to the whole C.I.O. for sup- port. But of the other two unions in the C.I.O.'s "big Walter Reuther's Auto Workers are them- selves faced with a strike, and the partyline Electrical Workers are al- ready threatening to bolt. Many of the smaller C.I.O. unions are bad' ly strapped. Thus a long strike would put great pressure on Mur- ray to settle on terms immensely damaging to his standing in the labor movement. Nor is this all. The Mineworkers of Murray's old rival, John L. Lewis, are already out of the pits. As long as this is so, a steel strike will put no real economic pressure the steel industry to settle, since the industry cannot operate anyway without coal. Indeed, In a simultaneous coal and steel strike, the pressure would come, not from Murray, but from Lewis. MURRAY IS QUITE conscious of this fact. Yet he has told his aides that under no circumstances will he settle for less than the ten cent plan recommended by the Presi- dential board. And the reasons for this are also clear. Not only is Murray under great pressure from strikes in Pittsburgh show. He must also win at least the ten cent benefits for his men, or yield the palm of victory to his old enemy, Lewis, in their contest for suprem- acy in labor leadership. Thus Murray is caught in a pain- lul trap. Even within the C.I.O. there are those who are beginning to suspect that, in case of a strike, his best way out of the trap lies through the hated Taft-Hartley act. If the strike dragged on to the breaking point, Murray's most graceful way out might well be a Taft-Hartley Presidential Injunc- of the Slaba's. A coroner's jury determined she had met death by strangulation. The Bon Homme county sheriff's office at Tyndall, verifying word of the discovery of Slaba's body, said it was found by Vellek. Sheriff's officers, Coroner John Kostel and State's Attorney Ray E. Post hast- ened to the Vellek farm and furth- er details were not immediately available. Coal Strike Talks Lagf Ford Wage _ Meetings Continue By The Associated Press The coal strike today entered its! sixth da37 without signs of an early! settlement. In Detroit, Ford Motor Company contract talks with the C.I.O. Unit- ed Auto Workers dragged into the second and probably last weekend. The coal strike by United Mine Workers has resulted in lay- offs of workers on coal haul- Steel Wage Talks Recess Until Monday 2-Hour Session Friday Began New Conferences America Holds Arms Advantage Over Russians Pittsburgh Ifl Contract talks aimed at bringing labor peace to the strike jittery steel industry to- day were in recess for the week- end. On Monday the nation's leading steel companies and the C.I.O. United Steelworkers will try again to thrash out their differences. They will have five days remain- ing of the six day steel truce in which to avert a. nation-wide shut- down of the vital steel industry. The new strike deadline the third since July is- midnight Oc- tober 1. Five of the biggest steel pro- ducers are engaged in the current wage talks. The conference getting the most attention is that between the giant United States Steel corporation and, the Steelworkers union in Pitts- burgh. Wag-e Pattern Seen "Big steel" usually sets the con- tract pattern for not only steel but Washington The United States still holds a vast lead over Russia in the field of atomic weapons and in all probability will never lose it, top American officials said today. "They'll never catch up with said one high security official in the wake of President Truman's disclosure yesterday that there has been an atomic explosion in Russia. While it was calmly worded, the President's statement itself explod- ed throughout the Western world with terrific impact. It brought hopeful- new demands for lawmakers, scientists, diplomats and others for effective international atom con- trols a demand which merely echoed Mr. Truman's own words. It caused a general withering of congressional opposition to sharing American atomic secrets with Bri- tain and Canada. Guesses Multiply And It raised questions enough to keep the world guessing Story Behind Disclosure Russ Have Bomb Told all the nation's industries. By Ernest B. Vaccaro Washington Two high gov- ernment officials today told part of! the story behind President Tru- man's dramatic disclosure that an atomic explosion had occurred in Russia. The men, both top-level security officers, said the White House learned of the Soviet A-bomb blast both emphasized that it was indeed a the efforts jot various intelligence agencies in for U. S." Steel" and "the "union heldlthis country, Britain and Canada. a two-hour meeting yesterday. Itl "It was one said, was their first bargaining session! "involving the State department, since negotiations broke off military, central intelligence, How did the news reach this country? One official who knew said "hundreds of persons" and numerous agencies were involved. Another said it was a "miracle of intelligence." But whether it involved spies, ground equipment, or airborne ra- diation-detecting instruments or att one would say for sure. Was it definitely an atomic bomb, or just an accidental explosion? A bomb, absolutely, experts said July 6. At that time the company flatly refused the union's demand for a 30-cent package increase. The "package" included a wage in- crease and pension and insurance Charley Lupica, pole and all, today was moved to Cleveland, Ohio, stadium, where hell climb down tomorrow at the Indians' last home game. He climbed the pole atop his confectionery May 31 vowing to stay there until the Indians reached first place. They never did and President Bill Veeck talked Charley into coming down tomorrow at the stadium by offering to have the pole Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Senate Delays Vote on Military Bill Washinprton The Senate Mankato Man Pleads Guilty To Swindling Mankato, Leon Hyn- son, 52, of Mankato, was free on) bond today awaiting sentence) Senate Passes Bill to Aid Health Training on a swindling charge. He pleaded) Washington The Senate benefits. Following the British, Canadians, and apparently, the Soviets' first range planning. successful one. The methods and sources of the j But when and where the explo- discovery are a deep dark secret, jsion occurred, how the It wasn't dramatic. It was plain, old grind. Several hundred people the meeting, involved. But the evidence and Steelworkers President Philip Murray told newsmen: wasn't seismographic, and it is complete." "We went through the formalities I Both the security officers said of organization and gave the Truman withheld the an-j corporation representatives our nouncement until after the Senate acted on the administration's arms aid bill, even after he'was "sure" of his'evidence. "Whatever any one else says, I know he wanted to avoid using this announcement in any way that might be construed as one of the officers added. point of view on the issues before the conference." General Talk Standing beside the white-haired Murray was John Stephens, U. S. Steel vice-president and chief ne- gotiator. Stephens added: 'We talked generally without getting down to specific matters. We prepared to get down to the task at hand Monday." The basis for the renewed talks Russian bomb may be, and what effect It might have on future re- lations between the East and the questions and dozens of others went unanswered except for hints and guesses. Recent Event The President said the explosion occurred "in recent weeks." la- Sweden reported picking up en earth tremor Sep- tember 14 which they said might have been an A-bomb blast in Si- beria. But the New York Daily News said in a Rome dispatch that Western officials have known about YVtOl'GllJ. w "There were other matters to be Russian bomb for at least nine considered, too. There was the stirjweeks created by the British devaluation! American official hinted that of the pound." Mr. Truman knew about it for sev- are the recommendations of Presi-! The Senate took up the d at ]east_ dent Truman's steel fact bill to send U. S. arms Also in pietro Nenni, pro- board. The board ruled against nations on Monday leader of the Italian pay raise but recommended the) passed it Thursday Britain _ ing railroads. The miner walkout is a proposed military pay I a protest against suspension of boost. jpension and welfare fund benefits. has put off until Monday a vote in district court yesterday. taken a long step toward The miners work contract expired June 30. The coal strike may be a long one. John L. Lewis, U.M.W. chief, isn't scheduled to resume negotia- tions with mine owners until Thurs- i_ ,1 I _ l_ 4. L- CIark> 73- a neigh- 1 ing the nation s growing shortage bpr> signed the complaint againstjof doctors, dentists, nurses and 3enatejcompanies pay ten cents hourly forjdevalued its currency Sunday. (touched off 1 meet-jpensjons and insurance. j The President, this man said, was just The House approved a similar inim- She said she had given him trained health personnel, bill June 15. It would raise over the last ten years Jo pay of almost every rank from private to major general. Speaking in support of the meas- ure yesterday, Senator Chapman finance his hunt for the loot from a bank robbery. She said he told her this story: A convicted bank robber had told day. In Detroit, Ford and Workers are trying to UliiUl tion, accompanied by open White tto f tViii i iTii Ttnci- House support for the union's posi- tion. Yet if Truman turns to Taft- Hartley, he will wreck his own carefully constructed strategy for 1950 and thereafter. This strategy has a triangular base the racial minorities, the union pension demands. Hopes con- for settlement. An "we the Auto war" and agree on pared. (D-Ky.) told his colleagues that [him the hiding place for the loot, "still stand in the shadow as taken in a robbery in therefore must be pre-1 Detroit Lakes about ten years ago. It sent to the House late yester- day a bill to aid schools party, said the bomb was eastern Siberia. Nen- back from a trip to in training more people in the field the of health over the next five years. Ipanies should pay it all. The measure's main purpose isj-------------------------------- to step up the training in medicine, dentistry, dental hygiene, public health, nursing and sanitary engi- !1AA The recommendations are not: so wanted his announcement to binding. The crux of the current! made without the dramatic Soviet' Foreign Minister Andrei talks in the industry's belief thatjground of a presidential news yishinsky addressed the United employes should share the cost of ference.JThat press Nations pensions and insurance. The union retary, Charles G. Ross, handed no, the com-'out at an unheralded conference his own. He said there will be a the search. He sive decline in the caliber of Clark to repay her Hynson said he needed money to peering professions. It would au- promised I thorize the spending of from the I in the first year. Average spending si ve ucij-nni; in iiiAC wtviiuci ui LUC j ui_ v, nnn agreement might set a pattern formation's defense forces unless thelreward he expected to get from year would be about most of heavy industry as well asjpay is made more attractive. jinsurance company and to give head off a threatened strike of 115.-I The bill is expected to meet onlyia bonus besides. The measure divides the aid this 000 Ford workers. I scattered opposition when it comes1 Hynson will be sentenced afteriway: Negotiators have been talking for a vote. !completion of a pre-sentence investi-! (I) Grants to public anci non- 12 days and nights and planned to Dase racial minormes, uie ffleet tod Tne unlon work farmers, and labor, the three at a.m. (fgi Thursday but union leaders say est voting groups in These voting groups the are that does not necessarily mean an automatic strike deadline. Usual- hind Truman by a tried and true h auto workers do howevel.T the auto workers do technique. In the nex session k t contract. Congress every possible emphasis, the Unltea will be placed by the White 'louse, Eltil Worfcers asked its mem- on civil rights, the Brannan farm L h t ,d of th rf M wing'riover Seed GrOWH plan, and, above all. the repeal ?hoif. Clover JGGU uruwn Other legislation to boost salaries igation. of cabinet members and govern-! ment workers making over is'scheduled for Senate considera-jpariTier WnO SnOt tion as soon as the military payj bill is out of the way. Strong op- position to this already has appear- Plane Blast, Death Of 23 Laid to Plot -iRare Bird Fined the [faction in their locals. The leftist- act. But a steel to catch Truman, I "disrupters v-tiu tti orup XT.CJJUI mjg amu iuoi.i like Murray, in a trap, .tor it tnej New Yorki the CI o National night that 29 percent of the for a chicken hawk but, noting and traitors." .e ou iu ,B Union voted to bar i will be forced to_ use the fasclsts and nazis (becoming union officers. Spring Valley, Minn. ter Gehrking, nearby farmer who I training in their chosen fields. prof it private schools based on the I number of students enrolled. (2) Grants to qualified schools for increasing their training facili- ties or for new buildings which would step up enrollment. (3) Scholarships to carry stu- dents through a full course of admitted shooting down a swallow tailed kite, one of America's rarest birds, drew a suspended fine St. Paul State-Feder-j yesterday for the act. He told Jus- al Crop Reporting service said lastjtice Mary Schonsby he mistook the man wiu ue lurueu 10 use me t fasclsts and nazis from U. S. this year is Hartley injunction His j offioers. iMinnesota fields, for root-and-branch repeal of Hartley, and indeed his whole clover seed to be harvested in the jits unusual marking, turned the coming fromj carcass over to the Minnesota Mu- iseum of Natural History. The bill would set up a ten-mem- ber council to be named by thei President. This group would direct the program and determine which) schools and students might qualify! for help. The council would include thej U. S. surgeon general and the U. S. j commissioner of education. BOTH THE C.I.O. men and the Democratic strategists loudly sus- pect that these facts have influ- enced the steel men against a set- tlement on the basis of the Presi- dential board's recommendations. In fact, the steel industry has al- ready, in the captive coal mines contracts with John L. Lewis, ex- perienced the mess into which non- contributory pension schemes can lead. Yet would be surprising if it had not occurred to some1' of the steel men that a strike would find Murray in a weak bargaining posi- tion, and Truman faced with a seri- ous threat to his political strategy. Especially in the politically con- scious and conservative New York offices, it must seem that if ever there was a time to have it out With the C.I.O., now is the time. In the past, however, the rela- tions between Murray's union and the steel industry have been more sensible than most employer-union relations. If a strike is now avert- ed it will be a tribute to the good sense of all concerned. For it is nlain common sense that no tem- porary advantages will justify the bodv blow to the national economy which a strike in the country's bas-; ic industry will surely entail. WHERE DO WE BLOW FROM HERE, BOYS? WAat to Do About Atomic Bomb By Hal Boyle New York Naturally everyone today is wondering what he should do about the atom bomb. The best possible advice to follow buy one now on a rising market. Why have one around the house at all? You can't tune in a baseball program on it like you can on a television set. It's too heavy to throw at a cat and too big to fire at a burglar. And the resale or trade-in value 'of a used atom bomb is practically zero. Nope, you well turn the whole matter 'over to the international diplomats of the United Nations, whose theme song is: "You show me your stockpile, and I'll show you mine." I think the average man will be glad to let it go at that. For he has become bored to death with the atom bomb. He is annoyed at seeing what was to be the century of the com- mon man turned into the cen- tury of the big firecracker. And he isn't happy to know that the question of his generation well may be, "Where do we blow from here, The plain truth is that the atomic era to date has- been nothing but an affront to the dignity of man. It has been a goose-pimply period ever since the mortal mushroom shadow- ed Hiroshima.- It has been a time of scare, fear and crisis and west. Have the Russians- solved the secret of the atom bomb? Well, there is good reason now to believe yes. But .what if they have? People weary of fear, and mankind is running out of goose pimples. Abraham Lincoln is reported once to have been challenged to a duel. Given the choice-of weapons, he immediately sug- gested "shotguns at five paces." His opponent -wisely dropped the matter. Today a duel with atom bombs could be as mutually deadly to nations as shotguns at five paces would be to two individuals. Atom bombs can be deliver- ed by plane, ship, submarine, or way except by parcel post. All nations that took part in any such merry warfare would suffer, and the casualties would be measured by entire cities rather than pla- toons. Imagine the communiques: "A joint force of Allied bomb- ers today attacked and wiped out Minsk, according to plan. Our interceptor fighters en- gaged an enemy flight over the eastern seaboard 'and shot down 50 planes. Boston is miss- ing." Four years ago I toured stricken Nagasaki, a black scar in the hills. Room by room I explored a shattered concrete and steel modern hospital in which every patient had been killed. But the dead had been carted away by then, stacked, doused with gasoline and burn- ed. What impresed me most were the glass had melted and run like drib- bles of candle wax. There is much wise talk about how to protect yourself in the event of atom warfare. The experts agree that disper- sal is fine. But they don't ex- plain how a man who owns a delicatessen store off Broad- way can move it to a cow pas- ture in Wisconsin and still sell enough sandwiches to make his flying. Actually about all the ordi- nary citizen in any country can do about the atom bomb is to dislike pray that no- body blows a bugle. Mrs. J. A. Guay J. A. Guay Quebec, Canada A Quebec jeweler faces charges today of using his "mystery woman." girl friend to plant a dynamite-laden pack- age aboard a plane which crashed September 9, killing his wife and 22 j others aboard. Quebec provincial police said they would bring J. A. Guay, 30, into court. They indicated the charge would be murder. Police also detained Guay's at- 1" tractive, 40-year-old friend, Mrs.jthe aircraft. An explosion preceded Arthur Pitre. She took an overdose j the csash, according to testimony hut. I of sleeping recovered- before her arrest yesterday. Her detention ended a two-week hunt for the jwho delivered [package to the Canadian Pacific Airways plane. Police said the package exploded and brought coroner's inquest into the 23 deaths. in New York fol- Truman's announce- ment and never once mentioned the bomb. He called for peace among the big five pro- posal western diplomats viewed skeptically coming from Russia. No one, however, seemed to be- lieve that the Soviet success in ferreting out the A-bomb secret posed any immediate threat to world peace. Bradley Asks Calmness General Omar N. Bradley, chair- man of the United States chiefs of staff, spent yesterday afternoon playing golf. The nations top mili- tary man advised: "The calmer the American peo- ple take this matter the better. We have anticipated it for four years and it calls for no change in our basic defense plan." The Association of American Scientists pointed out that Russia needs at least two years to develop a sizeable A-bomb stockpile, while the United States has been hard at it since 1945 and has no intention of letting up. This new development probably will have no effect on Russia's ca- pacity to wage the scientists said. That view was widely held in Congress there- some alarm. Representative Rankin (D.-Miss.) greeted the news with the prompt suggestion that plans be drafted immediately for moving the Capi- tol to Kentucky. Representative Cunningham (R.-Iowa) said, "It means that World War 3H is that much closer." But the comment of Senator Mc- Mahon chairman of the Senate-House atomic energy com- mittee, was more typical. Development Assumed Our entire program has been based on the assumption that this very thing would come to pass, and we knew it he said. Mrs. Pitre is held as a material "mystery woman" I witness. She told police she did who delivered a delicately-handled not know the contents of the pack- the package believed to have con- age, that she thought it contained She was reported to have WEATHER down the plane, killing all aboard. The dead included three New York executives. Police said Guay's 28-year-old wife was insured for with the jeweller as beneficiary. Mrs. Pitre, asserted officers, has admitted delivering to the airport No charges were filed against her FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Fair and not car- so cool tonight. Sunday generally ried the package gingerly en route to the airport, and to have asked her taxi-driver to drive carefully and not to speed. Police last night also questioned hours ending at 12 m, today: fair and warmer. Low tonight 43, high Sunday 75. LOCAL YVEATHEK Official observations for the a pretty, 26-year-old waitress de- scribed as a close friend of Guay. tained dynamite and consigned to tioning. and she was released after ques- 24 39; sun sets tonight at sun rises'to- morrow at Additional weather on Page 11. Maximum, 67; minimum, noon, 67; precipitation, none; ;