Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 23, 1953, Winona, Minnesota
Partly Cloudy With Local Showers Tonight and Early Thursday Read 'Green Water' Page 16 Today VOLUME 53, NO. 184 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1953 TWENTY-TWO PAGES romises T-H Changes Today U.S. Runs Candidate In Far East By JOSEPH ALSOP MANILA, P. I. Kudyard Kip- ling dismissed the little England- ers of his day with the line, "They nothing know of England who only England know." In a quite differ- ent way, America's involvement in the world is relentlessly producing a comparable situation. For who at home understands, for example, that America is now running a candidate in a critical election in a major Far Eastern nation? Certainly this correspondent had no such idea until he reached this amiable, steaming hot, agreeably gimcrack, irrepressibly vital Phil- ippine capital. But here in Manila it is clear at once that Ramon Magsaysay is the American choice against the incumbent President E 1 p i d i o Quirino. The evidence speaks with a loud voice. In considering this remarkable fact, one can at least begin by saying that for once in a way we need not be ashamed of our own side. Since the end of the omnipresent blackmail of the Communist threat has extorted American sympathy, or money, or military aid or in some cases all three, for some highly unappetiz- ing politicians and political re- gimes. But in this case there is no need to be shamefaced. Crafty and Insatiable The aged, ailing, crafty and in- satiable Quirino came into office in an election celebrated for its frauds. With all his singular shrewdness and charm, he still represents almost every backward tendency in Philippine and Asiatic politics. He is surrounded by a clique whose rapacity has angered even tolerant Manila, If he is elected at all, he will win by the most ruthless use of his control of the army and government machin- ery; for these are Quirino's only visible supports in an aroused na- tion. Magsaysay, in contrast, crudely stands for the future that Asia may reasonably hope for, yet may so easily be cheated of by the pow- erful collaboration of corrupt rul- ing elements and the always ac- tive Communists. The new man is not all that the old man is. The finesse, the dis- illusioned knowledge of the world, the surface polish that are so im- mediately striking in Quirino are not present in Magasaysay. You think when you meet him, "He has worked with his hands and he fought in the woods against the and you would still suspect these things if you did not already know them to be true. And you also think, "Surely this man is a bit uncomplicated, even maybe a bit naive for one who must tread the labyrinths Of Asiatic and this is probably true too, and may one day prove n drawback. Yet this dark, vigorous, burning man is explosively courageous, an- grily honest, and above all pos- sessed of a vision the future that had made him a hero of his people. Today the Philippines are a poor land in which a very few enjoy great wealth. Yet this is also a land of immense, untapped riches, with a frontier in Minda- nao, in Mindoro, in Palawan, that holds almost the promise of the American frontier. The vision that Magsaysay offers is a vision of national self-development, of hard working progress and a better life for the people. But this does not answer the question, how the United States came to have this candidate in the election of another nation all the way across the broad Pacific. The answer is at once simple and com- plex. Humble People Magsaysay comes of relatively humble people. He ran a bus line before the war. In wartime, he was the guerrilla leader of his province. When peace came, Gon. MacArthur named him Provincial Governor. He ran for Congress and was elected. In the period when the Communist hukbalahnps were still operating in the suburbs of Manila, his bravery, energy and determined anti-Communism at- tracted attention. In that disorder- ed time the Philippine government was living by American aid, and American influence was an impor- tant factor in making Magsaysay Minister of Defense. Despite sabotage, Magsaysay cleaned his Ministry and the Phil- ippine army of graft and politics. He breathed a wholly new spirit into the campaign against the Huks. By untiring effort he de- stroyed or localized these Commu- nist guerrillas, and to combat Communism he began to preach a brighter Philippine future. In all .this effort, and even in developing his ideas. Magsaysay worked intimately with the Amer- ican Embassy and military advis- ory group. The relationship so happy that: Quirino has even charg- (Continued on Page 17, Column 2) ALSOPS Louisiana's Famed Siamese Twins, Catherine Anne, left and Carolyn Anne Mouton, right, rest in separate cribs in Chalton Ochsner Hospital in New Orleans, where they are recovering from a history-making operation performed Sept. 17. The twin daughters of Mayor and Mrs. Ashton Mouton, Lafayette, La., were born on July 22 and were joined at the base of the spine. This photo was released today by a representative of the parents. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Case Against McManus Goes To N.Y. Jury Death Sentence To Be Asked For Mossadegh Conviction Could Mean Death for of Five Gen. Dean Gets s TRAVIS AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. Gen. William F. Dean came home last night, three years of Red captivity etched in his tired face and declared: "I want you to get it out of your heads that I'm a not. I'm just a dog-faced soldier." and "I feel like a million dollars. I almost sent a challenge to Rocky heavyweight boxing champion. The tall, erect Medal of Honor winner was given a hero'.s wel- come as his plane landed at this huge air base 40 miles northeast of San .Francisco under a brilliant moon. Dean's part in the Korean 'War lasted a month in the harrowing summer of 1950 before he was captured. He was awarded the na- tion's highest military decoration for his valiant, last-ditch defen.se of which he battled per- sonally with a bazooka. An Air Force C97 stratocruiser brought Dean, and seven other re- patriated American war prisoners, into a reception of glaring tele- vision and news camera lights and the tenderness of reunion with his family. The general had been out of the country six years, in Japan and Korea. His wife, Mildred, climbed into the plane and into the general's tight embrace. Then Dean, smiling self con- sciously, led her down the ramp. The 54-year-old general wore no medals or ribbons, only the should- er patch of his old 24th division. On his shoulders gleamed only the single star of a brigadier gen- eral, his rank before his capture. On his overseas cap, however, were the two stars of his new rank. 15 Cancer Projects Worked On at U MINNEAPOLIS W) University of Minnesota scientists will work on 15 cancer research projects un- der a grant from the Am- erican Cancer Society during the next year. Dr. C. G. Uhley, Crookston, pres- ident of the Minnesota division of the society, said the funds will be used to support research in almost every department of the univer- sity's medical school. SOUTH HAVEN, Minn, Wl argument over cockroaches ended early today in the fatal shoot- ing of a fishing guide. Arthur Cleveland, about 50, died shortly after he was shot five times in front of a tavern here. John Reed, 49, operator of the I Midway Inn beer tavern here, was [being held in the county jail at I Buffalo without charge. i Constable Louis Beehler said j Reed went home after the shoot- ing and gave his wife this ac- count: f Cleveland came into Reed's tav- I ern and a short time later said 'there were'cockroaches in the beer establishment. The two argued, and I Reed followed Cleveland out onto I the sidewalk, where the shooting took place on the small commu- nity's main street. Reed offered no resistance when authorities went to his home to question him. Cleveland, who worked as a fish- I ing guide at a resort near Annan- daie, was married and had four children. The Reeds have six chil- dren. South Haven is in Wright County about 50 miles west of Minneapo- lis. Dr. Kenneth Keill, director of Willard State Hospital, and Dr. Harry Steckel of Syracuse, prose- cution psychiatrists, testified the defendent .was not insane within the meaning of the law, although they said he had a psychopathic TEHRAN, Iran informed] j Army source said today that' Iran's government would ask a I military court to sentence ex-pre- mier Mohammed Mossadegh to hang on charges to be announced probably in "three or four days." (This report from Tehran ap- peared to discount a dispatch from the Iranian capital to the London Slayer of Five Daily Express today that the ex- premier had been sentenced on I Tuesday to hang at the conclusion CANANDAIGUA, N.Y, of a three-week secret trial.) case of Fred Eugene Me Manus, The Shah 10 days ago ordered 19-year-old confessed killer of five, Mossadegh tried by a went to a state Supreme Court jury at a.m. (CST) today. The 10 men and two women be- gan considering the first-degree I murder charge against the youth after a charge of one hour and 18 minutes by Justice H. Douglass Van Duser. McManus, a former Marine from Valley Stream, L. I., is ac- cused of the pistol slaying of Wil- liam Allen Braverman, a Hobart College student from Rochester who gave him a ride as a hitch- hiker last March 27. Conviction could mean death in the electric chair. According to Me Manus' confes- sions admitted in evidence at the trial, Braverman, 19, was his first victim on a crime spree with a teen-aged girl friend. Pleads Innocent Me Manus has pleaded innocent by reason of insanity. The defense has not disputed the state's evi- dence of the crime. In summations Tuesday, the dis- trict attorney described the youth as "a wicked, merciless while the defense attorney urged he be committed to a mental hos- pital as "dangerously insane." M. Maurice Chacchia, defense counsel, called the jury's attention to conflicting testimony of psychi- replacing him as premier by Gen. Fazollah Zahedi and his subsequent actions. Later in the day Amidi Noori, official government spokesman, explained that Mossadegh still was under secret investigation, had not been tried and would not be tried until the prosecutor had made public the charges against him. U.S., Britain To Debate in U.N. By STANLEY JOHNSON UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. UP) Britain and the United States, to- gether again after their split over Indian attendance at the Korean political conference, laid plans to- day to throttle any -more U. N. debate on the conference until aft- er the parley is supposed to get underway. The Allied strategy, reportedly- supported by the other 14 U. N. members which sent troops to Ko- rea, is to shove any discussion of Korea to last place on the agenda of the U. N.'s 60-nation Political Committee. That would postpone further U. N. talk about Korea until well after the tentative Oct. 28 starting date for the peace conference. Thwart Delegate a postponement would personality. Called Insane g u c Dr. Christopher F. Terrence, di- thwart Chief Soviet Delegate And rector of Rochester State Hospital rei y Vishinsky's plans, an- and Dr. Morton L. Wadsworth of I yesterday to revive in New York City, called by the political Committee his de- fense, have said the youth was j that the U. N. discuss Com- "psychotic" and insane. j mimist China's bid for India and Chacchia said he had no wish other neutrals to attend the con- tc see his client walk out of court ference ,man Ia'd the The fight over more Korean dis- should be confined ma mental expected to hit the corn- institution so he might "still serve society as a technical guinea pig." mittee floor as soon as the mem- bers' statements of general policy Me Manus, 19, has also con-1 afe concluded. These statements I fesse killing a in Illinois due to be wound u by the end j and two women'at Spring. Valley, I -f Minn., during the spree in Braver-1 Tho man's bright red convertible. Governor Calls State Traffic Safety Meeting ST. PAUL W Gov. Anderson is summoning an emergency safety _ meeting for next Monday to dis- cuss added means of curbing what hf termed "the weekly slaughter on Minnesota highways." The announcement came as the governor addressed the annual meeting of the Minnesota Auto- mobile Dealers Association Tues- day night. In inviting eight state safety leaders to his office, Anderson said he wanted "a complete report on what is now being done and what chances are for stepping up safety Maj. Gen, William F. Dean, 3 years a Communist prisoner of war, walked away from the plane which brought him home Tues- day night, carrying his grandson, Robert Dean Wil- liams, whom he saw for the first time when he landed at Travis Air Force Base, Calif. Robert is the son of Mrs. Marjorie June Williams, the general's daughter and wife of Army Capt. Robert Williams. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) to the parley were measures. Summoned A. W. Rohweder, Duluth; Gideon Seymour, Minneapolis; Associate Justice Thomas Gallagher of the Minnesota Supreme Court; Al Luecke, St. Paul; and J. P. Dar- rell, St. Paul, all officers in the Minnesota Safety Council, and E. Ray Cory, Austin, president, Minnesota Automobile Association; M. J. Hoffmann, state highway commissioner, and Earl Larimer, chief of the Minnesota Highway The United States trounced an identical Visbinsky demand for Ko- rean debate yesterday in both the steering committee and the Gen- eral Assembly. U. S. .sources were reported confident they could win a third round also. Although Britain originally sup- ported the view that neutrals should be represented at the peace parley, her delegation now takes the position that the question has been settled the other way by As- sembly vote nnd that there is no point in reopening debate.. Both British and Americans ap- peared relieved they were once more united in fighting the Soviet Union here instead of battling each other. I Chief U. S. Delegate Henry Cabot I Lodge Jr. suggested yesterday that j once the conference opens, its members can decide for them- selves whether they want to invite neutrals. Face-to-Face j He also said the United States I Vice President Richard Nixon, left, and Martin Durkin, re- cently resigned Secretary of Labor, met for a moment backstage today at the American Federation of Labor convention in St. Louis, Mo. Nixon said that President Eisenhower "never broke his word" to Durkin concerning Taft-Hartley Law revisions, in a speech to the convention for the President a short while later. In the speech Eisenhower promised to correct "serious defects" in the T-H Act. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Rail Workers Get Pay Hike as Cost Of Livins Soars 2 More Tots Die In Locked Iceboxes BAINBRIDGE, Ga. UJV-The na- tion's current series of suffoca- tions in discarded ice boxes has been extended with deaths of two Georgia children. The bodies of Susan Hinchcliff and John Frank Moran, both 4, were found in an old refrigerator Tuesday. A small dog lay between them. The ice box had been stored in the family garage at Susan's home. Police said the children and the dog apparently crawled into the box to play and were smother- ed after the door slammed shut and trapped them. Returned Ex-POW 'Missing' in U.S. BIG BEND, Wis. Army sergeant just freed by the Com- munists after nearly three years in a Korean POW compound is missing again, but not in action. S.l.C. Eugene Domenosky ar- rived in San Francisco Sunday and wired his family here: "Feeling fine, see you soon." His father, Willis Domenosky, wanted to know just what "soon" meant. Army authorities in Cali- fornia responded that it meant very promptly indeed because the 24-year-old veteran of the 24th Di- vision left Sunday to take a West- ern Air Lines plane due in Minne- apolis Monday morning. WASHINGTON W) Higher food 'prices and rents pushed the gov- ernment's cost of living index to a record high mark today. Law Sound But Needs Revision, Eisenhower Says Ike Gives Message To AFL by Way of Vice President Nixon ST. LOUIS Eisen- hower, in a message to the Ameri- can Federation of Labor, today described the Taft-Hartley act as essentially sound but promised to ask Congress in January to correct "a number of defects." The President gave his message tc. Vice President Nixon to deliver in person. It came in the midst of hot con- troversy between the White and Eisenhower's former secretary of labor, Martin Durkin, over whether the President backed out of an agreement to support certain specific changes in the labor law. Eisenhower did not refer direct- ly to this controversy. Denies Charge Durkin told the AFL Tuesday Eisenhower had promised to send Congress 19 specific amendments to the Taft-Hartley law but re- pudiated this understanding. Dur- kin said that was why he resigned from the cabinet on Sept. 10. The White House denied that Eisenhower had made any decision, on changes or any commitment. Eisenhower said in today's mes- sage that deliberations on modify- ing the law are still going on and "I shall send my own sugge_stions to the Congress at the opening of its session in January." He expressed the view, however, that the enactment of the law by the Republican 80th Congress "was a substantial contribution to the quest for sounder labor-man- agement and he de- clared: "I believe that the experience under the act has confirmed its essential soundness." Eisenhower said too that Dur- tive to talk face-to-face with the Chinese Communists and North Koreans on details of time and place for the conference. Lodge said the United States made this offer to emphasize its desire to get the meeting underway on schedule. U. S. sources said Lodge was merely "stating the obvious" when he pointed out that confer- ence members could decide wheth- er to ask other countries to join them. They said this had always been the U. S. view. Other dele- gates said they had not realized Patrol. In his talk, Anderson told the m dealers they should "have a defi-1 nite part of the responsibility of Adlai tO LunCn With .saving lives and sparing limbs, n ki t L. that you sell machines President INCXt WCCK that often prove to be weapons j of death, destruction and misery. "You are placing in the hands of the public a mechanical device which, if not used properly, is a hazard to every one of us, including your own wives and the chief executive said. Anderson asked that the dealers impress upon customers the fact "they are buying a piece of mech- anical equipment which they must handle judiciously for their own sake and that of their fellow men." WASHINGTON Wl Adlai E. Stevenson will have lunch with President Eisenhower at the White House a week from Thursday, to summarize his observations on the trip around the world which he recently completed. The two, rivals for the presi- dency last year, met in Washing- ton shortly after Eisenhower took office and the President asked Stevenson then-to make a personal report when he had returned. fam'ily and Big Bend neighbors said they were beginning to won- der whether he was walking the 400-odd miles from Minneapolis to this southeastern Wisconsin com- munity. They began asking more questions. Western Air officials at Minneap- olis said they had no record of Sergeant Domenosky being on the cited flight. Then Western Air in San Francisco said the sergeant had made no reservations for any flight at all. Today Eugene's sister Mrs. Duane Vick, said that he'd been gone five and one half years and she didn't suppose a few days more would make much differ- ence, "but I wish he'd hurry." Domenosky was captured by the North Koreans during the delaying action carried out by his unit in January of 1951. 9 Killed in Chemical Storage Tank Blast TONAWANDA, N. Y. UPt-At least nine men were killed and 25 persons were injured today when two chemical storage tanks ex- ploded, and set fire to a chemical plant building. cent hourly wage boost, effective next month, for rail work- ers. This will boost annual pay roll costs of the railroads by 100 mil- lion dollars. The index figure announced to-j day records living costs as of Aug. 15. It advanced three-tenths j of one per cent from the month previous. The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) said beef and veal prices went up six per cent the largest increase for these meats in anyj single month in more than five; years, j This increase, coupled w i t h j smaller rises in other food costs, j pushed the food index up three-) tenths of one per cent, Rents advanced 1.1 per cent dur- ing the month. Federal rent con- trols expired July 31, On that date, 16 of 46 major cities surveyed for the monthly cost of living index still had federal rent controls. j Rail workers, both those in the I four "operating" unions and the million-odd in unions whose mem- bers do not ride trains, have wage contracts which tie their hourly pay to changes in the cost of liv- ing as measured by the govern- ment. Changes in the wage struc- ture are made every three months. After lengthy negotiations be- tween the carriers and the unions, a new formula was worked out under which rail workers gain or lose one cent an hour for each I six-tenths point ehange in the new index. It was agreed, arbitrarily, that today's measurement would start from a base of 113. The CIO Auto Workers, who pioneered in the wage contracts j which tie pay scales to cost of j living, are not affected by today's j index. great value and that the secre- tary's resignation was "unfortu- nate." The President said that recon- sideration of the law is too serious Ike Never Broke Word To Durkin, Nixon Says ST. LOUIS M Vice Presl- dent Nixon fold the AFL con- vention today there may been a "misunderstanding" regarding administration for amending the Taft-Hartley Law, but President Eisen- hower "never broke hii word." amatter to be governed by pas- sion and name calling rather than reason and common sense. "Epithets of 'anti-labor' of 'anti- industry' and the like are worse than the President said. "They are utterly obsolete in a climate of opinion and understand- ing that realizes the folly of class- hostility." Eisenhower said the purposes of his administration's re-study of the Taft-Hartley act are these: 1. "To remedy defects which cause concern on the part of work- ing men and women over possible results or uses of the act to their detriment." 2. "To insure administration of the act in the (sic) manner that is efficient, speedy and impar- tial." 3. "To allow freedom for the growth of trade unions WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy tonight and Thursday. Local showers likely late tonight ending early Thursday. Rather mild to- tonight, but turning cooler late Thursday. Low tonight 56, high Thursday 75. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 72; minimum, 48; noon, 72; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER Max. temp. 70 at a.m. to- day. Low 49 at a.m. today. Broken layer of clouds at feet, visibility 15 miles. Wind from southeast at 15 miles per hour with gusts up to 30 miles per hour. Barometer 30.15 slowly fall- ing and humidity 44 per cent. employers and the general pub- lic." 4. "To work to the end that there be less rather than more government interference in labor- management affairs." On the White House Durkin controversy, it was clear that there was at least a misunder- standing. Battle of Actually, the argument may re- main just a battle of words be- cause suggesting amendments to Congress is a different thing than getting Congress to approve them. However, Durkin's position is un- derstood to be he wanted Eisen- hower's support for the effect it might have on Capitol Hill. As to Durkin's claim he had an agreement and the White House denial that President Eisenhower agreed to anything, Durkin plied: "My speech contained the facts." AFL President George Meany, whose 10-million-member federa- tion was stirred by the whole thing, said he sided with Durkin. Meany said: "I've known Durkin for 30 years and I don't believe he would dis? tort the facts. I believe what said is true."