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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 19, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Cooler Tonight, Frost Possible VOLUME 52, NO. 182 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 19, 1952 Football 8 Tonight Winhawks vs. Owatonna KWNO-FM EIGHTEEN PAGES TODAY Ike Greeted Warmly by Everyone By STEWART ALSOP WITH EISENHOWER SPECIAL scene is one which will have been repeated some seventy times before this twelve-day campaign trip ends. The back-drop is a small city or large town, its skyline dom- inated by an enormous grain ele- vator. As the train halts, there are cheers from a great crowd of peo Pie, some in shirt sleeves, some in their holiday best. A pink-faced, thick set man with a slightly lop- sided, faintly embarrassed, extra- ordinarily infectious smile steps on- to the rear platform. Dwight D. Eisenhower acknowledges the cheers with a characteristic ges- ture, his arms extended straight above his head, and then he begins to talk. There are certain points worth noting about this endlessly repeat- ed scene. In the first place, the crowds are very big; often they are enormous, with people crowd- ed even on the advertising signs and telephone poles, in order to get a glimpse of the famous gen- eral. In the second place, these people do indeed "like Ike." They like him, as a human being, in a way they never really liked Thomas E. Dewey or even, perhaps, Franklin D. Roosevelt. In all the crowds. There are women holding up babies, so that, as one woman explained, "when he's grown up, he can say he saw Gen. Eisen- hower with his own eyes." But the feeling for Eisenhower is not one of awe. Almost always, someone, usually a small boy, snouts, "Hi, genially, as though he were calling to a friend, and this friend- ly greeting exactly suits the mood of the crowd. Warmth and Affection In the third place, Eisenhower responds well and effectively to the warmth and affection of the crowds. He is no great shakes as an orator. And there is certainly nothing very startling in what he says, as he denounces the "bungl- ing" which led to the Korean war, high prices, high taxes, and cor- ruption. But Eisenhower can de- nounce corruption with such earn- est vehemence, or tell of his yearn- ing for peace with such crystal clear sincerity, that the familiar words take on a freshness they wholly lack In the mouths of other politicians. In short, Eisenhower's first few days as a whistle-stop campaigner leave no doubt at all on two points. He enjoys remarkable personal popularity in these parts. And he is an immensely likeable and ex- tremely effective campaigner. If any of Adlai Stevenson's support- ers are tempted to feel complacent a little mingling with the great crowds of people who gather to see and hear Eisenhower would serve as a useful corrective. Yet this does not tell the whole story. As ever since he returned to this country, Eisenhower is still being pulled in several directions at once. Inside the train, where the friendly crowds do not see, a sort of slow motion drama is being played out. At the first stop on the first day of the trip, the train was boarded by the venomous Sen. William Jenner and the bun-faced Sen. Homer Capehart of Indiana. The relationship between Eisen- hower and these fellow Republi- cans of his was not altogether happy. Bluntly Warned Jenner was bluntly warned, by Eisenhower's manager, Gov. Sher- man Adams of New Hampshire, to keep his distance. Jenner ac- cordingly refrained from publicly embracing Eisenhower, as he did in Indianapolis, while Eisenhower never mentioned his name. As for Capehart, he was unhappy too. He complained loudly that Eisen hower was By LUIS uc ui couniciuiY i _i meant that Eisenhower was not gibes vath a new barrage oi hitting below the belt. Men like d'g.s Pabs-, Jenner and Capehart to picture I He heaPed coals of rmicule on all vears, conspicuously including, Eisenhower's friend and benefac-1 campaign arguments. tor. Gen. George C. Marshall, as Living Costs Reach New High Irvin J. Keenan, left, 19, who describes himself as a student for the ministry from St. Petersburg, Fla., is led down the corridor in the Federal Building in Chicago today after he was arrested by secret service agents on a charge of mutilating currency. He is accused of changing the number on one dollar bills to five and ten, and of drawing beards on the portrait of Washington. At right is Deputy U. S. Marshal Al Wohler. (AP Wirephoto to The Repub- lican-Herald) Byrnes Ignores Southern To Back Ike COLUMBIA, S. C. Gov. rames F. Byrnes has cast away )emocratic party affiliations caching back for more than half f century and announced he will j factor in his decision to vote Re- publican was that he believes Ei- senhower the man best qualified to Nixon Calls Donation Charge 'Typical Smear' Democratic Chief Demands Senator Resign as Nominee By The Associated Press SACRAMENTO, Calif. UP) The Republican vice presidential can- didate, Sen, Richard Nixon, today replied "a typical left wing smear" to a Democratic charge that he was "morally wrong" in accepting for expenses from wealthy supporters. "If they think by such tactics they can slow up my attack against C9mmunism and corruption they will find out differently. I intend to continue to expose the elements which have been selling this coun- try down the river until the crooks and the Communists and those who defend them are driven out of he said in a state- ment as he continued his western campaign trip. Existence of the fund was re- ported yesterday by Dana C. Smith, wealthy Pasadena, Calif, tax attorney. Smith said he helped raise the fund because the allowed Nixon for expenses by the government was "nothing ap- proaching enough for a senator representing a state as large as California." Nixon, as senator, receives a annual salary, a ex- pense account, and more than a year to run his office and pay staff salaries and expenses. Democratic National Chairman Stephen A. Mitchell charged in Washington that Nixon was country out of support Gen. Dwight D. hower for president. Eisen- i another world war. j "I shall place loyalty to my At Omaha, The governor, who served in all country above loyalty tc three branches of the federal ernment, made his dramatic an Eisenhower said James W Gen Dwight D E sen for Gen. Dwight U. iisen Nixon said the fund was used Qn mail -for whkh uuj v (j i [juatagc mail J.UL wim.ii lie 3t 3 Democratic c a m p a i g n us e his free mail- the most important A C-124 Globemaster, one of the transput planes used in airlifting supplies and equipment, is parked on a snow-covered portion of a giant U. S. Air base being built in Thule, Greenland. In background are other transports. When ice packs prevent movements of ships, planes must be depended upon to supply the basic needs. The Defense Department said the base near the top of the world is "one of our largest and most im- portant" ones. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) Robot Missile Plane Cheap Bombing Says charged that Byrnes "has turned his back on and deserted" South a senator' ternVi rf By RUTH COWAN WASHINGTON Navy to- day sees in its "pilotless suicide planes" a possible answer to low-level bombing, a special prob- lem that has been costly in lives in Korea. That is the approximate cost given by a Navy representa- tive for converting a obso- lete which the Navy has thousands in a needed weapon in the mountainous necessary travel expense, and to print and distribute speeches and documents. Carolina Democrats. Considerable Weight I The announcement was expected to carry considerable weight with South Carolina voters who gave Byrnes a record endorsement in j his 1950 campaign for governor, j But in other quarters it was greeted with reproach. Jonathan Daniels and Averell both high-ranking Democrats blamed Byrnes' desertion of the party on what they called his per- sonal bitterness. Harriman, foreign aid chief, said, "The President let him (Byrnes') j WASHINGTON (ffi T. Lamar go" as secretary of state "and j Caudle testified today that Ellis he's been bitter ever since. He s slack, a central figure in contro- Caudle Admits Slack Dismissed Big Tax Cases Gov. James Byrnej Of South Carolina now taking it out on Gov. Steven- son (Gov, Adlai Stevenson, the Democratic Gov. Robert Kennon of Louisiana, who with Gov. Allan Shivers of (Continued on Page 3, Column 6.) BYRNES Nixon Honest, Ike Adlai Continues Joking By RELMAN MORIN SPRINGFIELD. Mass, -Gov. s "not hittins hard Adlai Stevenson 'replied today to By this' he p efumablv criticism of his politi- the ladineiiures of'recent the Republicans-but his jokes 'were designed to prove his basic By JACK BELL ABOARD THE EISENHOWER SPECIAL Gen. Dwight D. Ei- senhower defended Sen. Richard Nixon of California today as an "honest man" in the political furor over the disclosure concerning Nix- on's non-official California expense account. James Hagerty, Eisenhower's Moving through New England, called newsmen team LUI, VJKJl. VJCU1 o" aiidii, as i -----n-------, willing stooges of Communists and the Democratic presidential candi-1 campaign traitors !date told an audience m a pre- j together as the train approacnea Jenner and Capehart have left [pared at Springfield_, j to read them this n'ow, but others of like mind will replace them, on this trip or a the GOP has not on affirmative j statement: __r___ ____ __. _ ._ .campaign issue. later one. Eisenhower's 'present j So, he said satirically, they have j schedule, in fact, calls for a tour of Wisconsin in October. In Wis- consin Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy will doubtless seize an opportunity to be pictured with his arm draped lovingly about the general's shoul- der, after the fashion of Jenner in Indianapolis. Thus, despite the dearly bought been hunting one: American Faith "I have long admired and ap- plauded Sen. Nixon's American "After long, smoke-filled sessions fajth, and his determination to and tense high strategy meetings, drive Communist sympathizers the Republican high command has from Of public trust, finally decided what the great issue "There has recently been leveled of the campaign is. "To my considerable surprise, they are now saying that the cen- tral issue of our time is peace pact with Sen. Robert A. j His GOP presidential opponent, Taft, the real relationship between Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, re- Eisenhower and the right-wing of cently said a presidential campaign his party, which fought him so bit- j "is no laughing and im- terly at Chicago, is not yet deter-1 plied Stevenson is making light of mined. Some of those around Eis-! serious matters. against him a charge of unethical practices. I believe Dick Nixon to be an honest man. I am confident that he will place all the facts before the American people fairly and squarely. versy over a St. Louis grand jury's investigation of tax scandals, was once sent to Nashville to get some tax indictments dismissed. He said Slack also made a trip to Milwaukee on a big tax case in which ex-Senator Scott Lucas of Illinois was the defense attorney. Lucas had taken up with then At- torney General J. Howard Mc- Grath the question of getting a dis- missal of an indictment against a client, Caudle said. Caudle, fired by President Tru- man last November as an Assis- tant Attorney General, was in the witness chair for the second day before a House Judiciary Subcom- mittee investigation the Justice Department. -Among other things, the House group has been digging into the question of whether there was an effort by the Justice Department to block tax indictments last year by a St. Louis grand jury. It has de- veloped that U.S. District Judge George Moore believed Slack was instrumental in getting the grand jury to make a partial report which one juror called a "whitewash." Moore insisted on further inves- tigation and a number of indict- ments eventually were returned. Caudle told about Slack's visits to Nashville and Milwaukee after first saying there had been "too many run away grand meaning juries which went further with indictments than the Justice Department considered proper. He said the Nashville office was preparing charges against several persons in tax cases the Justice Department felt should not be pros- ecuted. He named among others I intend to talk with him at the "the father-in-law of Rep. Pat Sut- earliest time we can reach each j ton." (Committee aides told re- enhower would like to see him con- fine himself to generalities, rely- ing on his immense personal popu- larity to put him across, while taking no chances of alienating the right-wingers. Others believe that this would be a fatal mistake. Earnest plati- tudes, they argue, are all very well at the whistle-stops, where nothing else is expected. But the immense mass of undecided voters will determine the outcome of this (Continued on Page 3, Column 5.) ALSOPS Stevenson said the initials. GOP stand for "Grouchy Old Pessi- mists." Sen. Taft Sen. Robert A. Steven- son claims has forced Eisenhower into an "abject the only happy man in the Republican ranks now, the governor said. "Judging by the pictures, Sen. Taft seemed vastly entertained by their recent conversation in New York, I have never seen such a (other by telephone." Hagerty told newsmen the first opportunity Eisenhower would have to contact Nixon would be when the train reaches Kansas City later today. Top Advisers He said that some of Eisenhow- er's top advisers had already been in contact with Nixon but that the general himself had not. Previously, in a stop at Platts- mouth, Neb., the stern-faced gen- eral had ignored the Nixon inci- (Continued on Page 3, Column 7.) I (Continued on Page 3, Column 1.) STEVENSON IKE porters the father-in-law was W.M. Masey, now dead.) Caudle said Slack was sent to Nashville to review the cases and further explain the department's position. Rep. Keating (R-NY) asked if Slack "was sent down to get these indictments dismissed." "Yes, sir, I believe Caudle answered. "And he "Yes, sir." Caudle did not give the date of the Nashville episode but said it was "before the St. Louis case" which was early last year. This, several Navy representa- tives said in interview, is the rea- son for Navy enthusiasm over the latest news in air robot planes, equipped with tele- vision eyes and a pound bomb, which dived onto North Ko- rean targets. Navy Cautious But the Navy was cautious about making any claims. Rear Adm. John H. Sides, director of guided missiles, cautioned against talk about "the push-button age in war- fare" being here. And the Air Force said in reply to a query that expendable "war- weary" B17s and B24s, loaded with pounds of high explosives, were used as pilotless guided mis- siles on five combat missions dur- ing World War II. Navy representatives explained that the type of fighting in the mountains of Korea means that planes have to fly low to find and strike enemy targets in the valleys. That brings the planes within close range of enemy anti-aircraft and the Navy admits this has been effective. Navy spokesmen now describe the converted Grumman Hellcat fighter, such as was catapulted Sept. 1 from the aircraft carrier Boxer, as so efficient that it can be directed into a railway tunnel. They said this was done with one of the pilotless craft. The Hellcat used in the first combat test lambasted a target 150 miles from the carrier. But Navy representatives said its tele- vision-guided robots would have a range of about 900 need not be within sight a remote control "mother" plane. Navy Officials At Pearl Harbor, the command- er of the carrier task force which launched the first robot attack on North Korea hinted the explosion might have been seen in Soviet Russian territory. Rear Adm. Apollo Soucek said targets for that and subsequent robot strikes were picked from a i normally assigned list. Soucek would not discuss specific targets but on Sept. 1, the day of the first attack, carrier-launched craft hit deep in Northeastern Korea at Musan on the Manchurian border and Aoji on the Soviet Siberian border. Soucek said one robot target was a hydroelectric plant and another was a bridge. If either was at Aoji, the explosive crash was with- in sight and sound of guards on the Soviet Siberian border. Navy officials, meanwhile, were investigating the use of classified information in some dispatches about the initial robot strike in Korea, They said that, so far as they could determine, only one dis- patch was submitted for censor- ship clearance either in Tokyo or Washington. This was the eye-witness account by Associated Press Photographer Fred Waters, dated Sept.l aboard the carrier Boxer. Waters' story, with deletions, was cleared by the Pentagon Wednesday night. The de- letions were restored after the Navy reported another news story, containing details censored put of Waters' account, was in circula- tion. U. S. Unveils Air Base in Frozen Arctic Wastes (Editor's note: The huge U.S. air base in Greenland, subject of the following news release from the Department of De- fense, is the base from: which The Republican-Herald carried a series of weekly articles for a period of nearly a year. The articles were titled "With An Arctic Chaplain" and were written for this newspaper by Chaplain Knule Lee, formerly of Spring Grove, Minn. Scores of workers on the huge project came from the Winona area of Southeastern Minnesota and Western Wisconsin.) THULE, Greenland h e United States took official secrecy- wraps today off its Arctic air base. Jet interceptors already are using the still unfinished Thule air- drome, perched almost at the froz-1 en top of the world. Officials also put a price tag on the estimated 263 mil- lion dollars. Col. Robert W. Hum- phreys, commander of Thule, said 185 millions have been appropriat- ed and 165 millions will have been spent by the end of the construc- tion year. I Thule air force base and its in- stallations cover acres in a sprawling amphitheater walled at back by the rim of the Greenland ice cap and fronted by a fjord opening on Baffin Bay, It can han- idle the biggest strategic bombers or swiftest landing jet fighters ex- istent or planned. Stepping Stone for Bombers Beating the problem of eternal polar cold and frozen ground, con- structors have put down miles ol paving for runways, and built han- gars, machine shops, and housing. Prices Rise Higher for 3rd Straight Month 12.3 Per Cent Above Pre-Korean Level, Index Reveals WASHINGTON govern- ment reported today that living costs reached another new high in mid-August, the third straight month they have set a new record. The index prepared by the Bur- eau of Labor Statistics rose to 191.1 iper cent of .the 1935-39 average. JThis is 12.3 per cent above the pre-Korean period and three per !cent above a year ago. Slight increases between mid- (July and mid-August in the cost of food and most other major con- sinner items were responsible for the new increase. The prices for; I apparel decreased slightly. Home I furnishings remained unchanged. The "old series" index, a living cost compilation on which many 'labor contracts are clined one-tenth of a point during the month to 192.3 of the 1935-33 j average. This minor decline, however, was not sufficient to wipe out living I cost gains in June and July, On the basis of the new Mid-August "old series" figures, about one and a half million workers will get wage increases. These include more than mil- lion railroad workers who will get a two-cent hourly pay boost. Nearly Northern textile workers and a number of other labor groups also are due to benefit from quar- terly pay adjustments based on the index rise. Their contracts, as in the case of the railroad workers, are geared so that wage rates are adjusted quarterly according to index changes. The living cost changes between July and August actually were small, but they edged up suffici- ently lo set a new record. Foods rose three-tenths of one per cent during the month and the fuel, electricity and refrigera- tion price group advanced six- tenths of one per cent. Rents rose three-fifths of one per cent from July to August and were seven- tenths of one per cent higher than last May. Menomonie Fire Loss Estimated Over MENOMONIE, Wis. unof- ficial damage estimate of over was made Thursday after fire swept a business block on Menomonie's Main Street. The blaze broke out at a.m. around a water heater in the base- ment of the Arcade Beauty Shop, while a serviceman was on the premises to repair the device. The flames spread through the basement wall to the Young Amer- ica Clothing Store basement and through to the area beneath the Torrey Jewelry Store, which is used by the Golden Rule Variety Store as a storage room. The fire finally foot radio Tower "keeps the i worked upward through the variety strategic forward air base in touch store .and into a suite of offices with Washington and other lines in I above it, destroying a dentist's and the chain of American defenses. I a chiropracter's office and a photo TT studio. Other offices were damaged Heavy bombers bke the B36 or bv smoke and water the all-jet B52 now in production 'The ]ocal department anj. could use this base as a stepping volunteer assistants brought the stone for flights deep into Eu- fire under controi at 2 p.m. rasia. Facilities for supply are in i several firemen were felled by A Navy F-6-F Plane, top left, without a pilot but made into a guided missile with electronic equipment and a powerful warhead, is sent aloft from the USS Boxer in Korean waters on its way to a successful strike against a Communist target in Korea. An AD-2 control plane, right, takes off right behind the guided missile to control it until the permanent guide plane, already in the air, can take over. The plane at the lower left is not involved in the opera- tion. This was one of the first photos released by the Navy Depart- ment of an actual guided missile operation. (Navy photo via AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) abundance. Two heavy maintenance ars, where the biggest planes can be served or repaired, were fin- ished during the urgent first year of construction. Four more are go- ing up. An air of urgency hangs over the race against time to be ready for possible attack and a more immediate race to beat the second winter since the project be- gan. Piles Frozen Into Position Building a runway is an engi- neer's nightmare. There is the per- mafrost, soil frozen hard as deep as. feet below the earth's sur- face. Piling cannot be driven into the permafrost because its surface thaws 3 to 5 feet. Excavations must be made, then the piles drop- ped in and frozen in position. To build the huge runways, ex- cavations 6 feet deep are carved in the tundra, then a series of rock and gravel "nonfrost acting mate- rial" layers laid before the black- top surface is put down. That costs money and takes time. The buildings are heavily insu- lated fabrications of aluminum (Continued on Page 3, Column 2.) AIR BASE smoke but only one. Oscar Behling, hang- required hospitaHzation, WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and and quite cool tonight with light frost I likely in the deep valleys and cou- llees. Saturday fair with slowly rising temperatures in the after- noon. Low tonight 40, possibly 36 I in the rural areas. High Saturday 166. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 68; minimum, 45; noon, 59: precipitation, .02; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER Maximum temperature 62 at p.m. Thursday; minimum temperature 45 at a.m. today. Noon 59; barometer, 29.98; wind, 17 miles per hour from west; humidity, 51 per cent; dew 44 degrees; clouds, ceiling at feet, over- cast at feet; visibility, 12 miles. Additional weather on Page 3. ;