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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 18, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Cooler Tonight Friday Fair You Can Register .Now For Nov. 4 Election VOLUME 52, NO. 181 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 18, 1952 TWENTY-TWO PAGES No Pictures Have Aj Yet been released by the Navy Dept. of the recent attack of Hellcat fighter planes as guided missiles from the carrier Boxer off the Korean Coast, but the Navy has been experimenting and practicing this latest warfare method for many Birth of Push-Button Warfare years. This picture, taken in the past, shows a "pilotless" Hellcat in the lead, during practice operations in the San Diego, Calif., area, with two "mother" Hellcats in the rear. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Guided Missile Plane Hits Red Target By WARREN ROGERS JR. WASHINGTON American ro- bot planes launched at sea have blasted enemy targets in Korea, ushering in the age of push-button warfare. The Navy told for the first time Wednesday the story of a robot at- tack on a Korean military target Sept. 1. The Navy held back part of the story, but what it told made it abundantly clear that the age of push-button warfare is at hand. It told of an outmoded air- plane launched by catapult the deck of aircraft Boxer off the Korean coast, escorted by radio trots to its target and then un- leashed on a heavily-defended spot into which no piloted plan, dared go. The whole process was witnessed irom beginning to end on a televi- sion screen on the ship 150 miles away. A camera was installed in i he said, adding that the the cockpit of the robot plane and it recorded for posterity the his- toric flight, Lt. Cmdr. Lawrence A. Kurtz, who directed the world's first ro- bot plane attack, told a Tokyo news are available, nor would he say conference today that this nation whether missiles still are being has enough guided missiles in hand used against Korean targets, to sustain a "large-scale robot cam-i The idea of a guided missile it- Navy has "immediately avail able enough missiles to mount a sustained large-scale robot campaign in Korea." He declined to say how many paign in Korea He painted this frightening pic- ture of warfare of the future: Aircraft carriers speeding around the globe and loosing robot planes carrying atomic bombs. Pilotless planes unerringly seek- ing out their targets and exploding self is not new. The Germans used the V2 rocket with devastating ef- fect in World War II. But the American robot plane used in Korea, Kurtz said, is "more effective and maneuver- able." One of the chief factors in mak- their deadly charges with maxi- ing the robot so effective is the mum force. use of a guide plane which accom- Large-scale robot attacks against j panies the robot on its flight, di- reeling its' movements by radio. Kurtz said the guide plane can "tell" the robot to fire back if it is attacked in flight. Upon reaching the target, the guide plane veers away. The robot which there are no defenses, Kurtz said the equipment used, meaning an out-of-date World War II plane, the Grunman, was "rather obsolete." "We have better things than With Adlai By RELMAN MORIN BRIDGEPORT, Conn, WV-Gov. Lewis Trying To Win Soft Coal Contract By NORMAN WALKER WASHINGTON L. Lew- is tucked a hard coal royalty boost into his trophy belt today and be- gan trying to win over soft coal owners one by one to his contract terms, Lewis, head of the United Mine Workers, was reported dangling an exemption from next Monday's expected Northern soft coal strike in front of some big Illinois oper- ators. Most of the soft coal industry, however, seemed to be stcadfastlv i eminent, Stevenson said h.rnnnmv in cfnvnrnn Stevenson Joshes Ike on Slams About Humor a man who's only got a smile." dives dead on target. The robot could be controll- ed either by the guide plane or by the aircraft carrier. Kurti said robots carrying atomic bombs conceivably could hit any target in the world. Someone asked him if the robot would displace the big atom-carry- ing bombers like the B36, "Eventually, it Kurtz said. "It's a question of time." Explaining the push-button as- pects of the robot, Kurtz said the person who directs the pilotless plane needs only one finger to work the small control stick. He can destroy the plane by the mere pressure of a button. Associated Press staff photogra- pher Fred Waters, aboard the 000-ton aircraft carrier Boxer, cabled an eye-witness account of 1 in Korea waters. Red Targets Navy censors delayed Waters' story until yesterday, cleared it and then said in an announcement: A number of guided missiles have been launched successfully against Communist targets in North Korea from the USS Boxer." Waters, in an additional dispatch, placed the number already launched at from four to six. His eye-witness account said the pilot- less "suicide" plane he watched was a World War II Grumman, herded to its target by a guide Stevenson tore into the Repub- j plane. Its progress into the combat Adlai Stevenson opened his cam- licans agajn Qn thfi "dis-J zone.'he said, was watched on a paign drive through New England j unity." today with a wry defense of his j "We (Democrats) don't sit sense of humor. "A lot of people say I'm not j around the breakfast table dividing up the he said in an obvious serious the Democratic reference to Eisenhower and Sen. i Tl A l._nnl.Cn ft presidential candidate told a po- lice-estimated throng of to persons at the Bridgeport railroad station, "The fact of the matter is that if I were wedded to some of the folk they are I couldn't be very humorous either." Robert A. Taft breakfasting to- gether last week. "We may have aur family squabbles, but there are not two Democratic parties." He again referred to what he called the "abject surrender" of Eisenhower to Taft who, he claims, has taken over Eisenhower's cam- set against bowing to the union! Pegging his open air talk on PaiSn- economy and corruption in gov- j A storm of applause broke when ment, Stevenson said: ihe finished speaking. Economy in government isn't Stevenson claims that Gen. chief's money demands. Lewis has charged a selective strike, ordering his men to (1) quit mines belonging to the Bi- you just say you're going to have, you've got to grind at it 24 hours a day. I've had some experience and I have some ideas about how to bring it to gov- luminous Operators j ernment. representing most Northern mines j Lights Off Monday, and (2) halt work "They laugh at me in Spring- in the Southern Coal Producers i fjeia because I go around Association's mines on Oct. 1. Strike Exempt Dwight D. Eisenhower has surren- dered to Taft and that what the governor calls the Republican "Old Guard" is now giving orders to Eisenhower. On his second big campaign drive covering Connecticut, Massa- joff the lights. Well, i ashamed of that." I'm not The diggings represented by the Referring to charges of corrup- two associations produce about 70 Most of the mines west of the I ..We are goine to tnrow <_. had Pass when traveling by automobile. are to "I6 Dafl The first major speech, tonight every level of Hartford, Conn., will deal with the implications of the atomic ener- per cent of the nation's soft coal. Mississippi River are to keep work- ing. And a number of important mines belonging to neither of the big employer associations, includ- ing the Big Ben Coal Co. of Illinois, are also strike-exempt. Lewis says these exempted mines have agreed that, in return for being allowed to keep open while the bulk of the industry is shut down, they will accept whatever new soft coal contract terms are finally negotiated. tion in government, Stevenson Coal Freeze Goes In Effect Tonight WASHINGTON A govern- ment agency, the Defense Solid Fuels Administration, today issued an order freezing shipments of coal from mines facing the Men- ernment. Stevenson said that Gen, Dwight Eisenhower, the Republican presi- dential candidate, has "changed his mind" and now concedes that not all public servants are bad. He recalled that the general ori- ginally said he was going to clean out Washington from end to end. Stevenson drove to the station from the airport where his plane arrived from Springfield, HI. In the factory districts workmen crowded windows, cheering and applauding and tossing out show- ers of confetti. Scattered groups of people lined the streets. Bridge- port children were released from school for the day. As Stevenson, bareheaded, stepped onto a temporary platform and looked over the crowd which was packed for an area of several blocks along the streets radiating day strike threat. It is effective at from the station, he grinned and midnight tonight and is designed to save an estimated million tons of soft coal for doling out later on government orders on a basis of es- sential need. A million tons is about a day's national consumption. There is an estimated 85-day coal supply now in stockpiles. said: School Children "Anyway, it's obvious the school children are glad I'm here." A sign in the jabbing at GOP criticism of Ste- television screen in a secret room aboard the Boxer, 150 miles from the target. The Navy announcement lacked many of the details in Waters' account, but gave this description: 1. The new missile, armed with a powerful warhead, is sent aloft from a catapult aboard the carrier. 2. There are two guide planes, one on the carrier and one in the air. Both are equipped with spe- cial electronic equipment. 3. The first guide plane sends the missile roaring skyward. At a pre-determined altitude, the air- borne guide plane takes over and directs the missile to the area of its target. 4. By the time the missile goes into its payoff dive, the guide plane is miles away out of anti-aircraft fire. 5. All during its flight, from the carrier deck to the target, the mis- sile records its progress via tele- cast in a specially eq-uipped elec- tronics room aboard the ship. Guide Craft The Navy announcement said the Boxer has been using an AD2 Sky- raider (Douglas attack plane) as the guide craft in its first such attacks. The first operational I officers and seven enlisted men- headed by Lt. Comdr. Lawrence A. Kurtz of Washington, D. is Guided Missile Unit No. 90. The tion in New York Sept. 22 to extend I unit trained at the Naval Air De- velopment Center, Johnsville, Pa. The Navy would neither identify the targets nor assess the damage inflicted. Waters was struck with the way electronics experts aboard the car- rier "rode with the missile, mile by mile, through wondrous elec- tronic instruments." On the television screen, he said, theAaen crossed the Sea of Japan andwatched the jagged peaks of Korea loom larger. He said ten- sion In the room mounted as the target neared. Then the enemy con- centration in a valley between two shadowy hills." And then: The instruments suddenly Vent blank. The screaming dive had ended, squarely on target, and the missile had crashed to obli- I Maryland Stevenson's time-table i calls for plane travel to key cities along the route. Brief roadside talks are also scheduled in a num- ber of cities through which he will Taft Says Ike Victory Will Insure Thrift Points to General's Philosophy of Individual Liberty By REED SMITH SPRINGFIELD, 0. Ufi Sen, Robert A. Taft said last night that only the election of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower as president can change the philosophy of govern- ment spending and power. "Gen. Eisenhower has stated without qualification his belief in the philosophy of Taft told a Republican rally opening his 19-state tour in behalf of the man who beat him for the presi- dential nomination, "He stated it long before I met him last Taft said, "and only reaffirmed at that time what he has frequently said in the past. "He believes strongly in our j system of constitutional limitations j and government power. He abhors i the left-wing theory that the execu- j tive has unlimited powers. "There is only one way to change the philosophy of government spending and power, and that is to elect Gen. Eisenhower and let him create a new administration, with new faces and new thoughts." Taft's 30-minute address to a police-estimated crowd of more than in Springfield's Memorial Hall was broadcast and telecast nation-wide. It was Taft's first speech since the July convention defeat that embittered many of his backers. Associates described his tour as an all-out attempt to swing his disappointed supporters to "Ike." "I have come to speak for all the Republican candidates, state, national and Taft said. "Naturally, my first interest is na- tional and the election of Eisen- hower and Nixon." Sen. Richard Nixon of California is the GOP vice presidential nom- inee. "During the campaign I expect to speak on all the issues, corrup- tion and degradation in Washing- ton, Communist influences in the State Department, the surrender of China to the Communists, the Korean War and Acheson foreign Taft said, "But to my he continued, "there is one great fundamental j issue before the American people in this election of 1952. It is re- sumption and continuation of prog- ress under a free American way of life, as opposed to the alleged advances to be obtained by sur- rendering our money and our free- dom to the tender mercies of an all-powerful and arbitrary govern- ment." Taft expressed concern over election of a Republican Congress and said: "The only reason that we have any real liberty left in the United States is the independence of Con- gress shown during the past 14 years. There isn't any doubt in my mind that we have represent- ed the attitude of the people of the country against a government of planned economy, power bureaucracy." Referring to Eisenhower's Demo- cratic opponent, Gov. Adlai E. Ste- venson of Illinois, Taft said: "I can tell you that if he is Taxes in U.S. Change Needed, General Says To Iowa Crowd Cites Brannan j Statement on Grain Losses By JACK BELL Aboard Eisenhower Special I Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower assert- ed today that the American tax- payer's money is going down "a j crack in the floor" because of Tru- I man administration "waste" in i Washington. I Carrying his campaign into po- litically doubtful Iowa, the Repub- lican presidential nominee told a crowd of persons gathered in I front of the Davenport courthouse 1 that it is the time to open up some windows and let the fresh air in our government. Eisenhower said that beyond what he described as Jin Washington" is "inexcusable I waste." He cited a report of a congres- sional committee that five million dollars in Commodity Credit Cor- poration (CCC) funds had disap- peared. "The Secretary of Agriculture (Brannan) said that five million dollars was not very much to lose in a'10 billion dollar the Republican nominee said. "He said it could disappear through the cracks LT the floor." Dutch "Now my old Dutch ancestors never had five million dollars but five cents could never have been lost in our house without someone having to answer for it or go hunt- ing for it on hands and knees." Eisenhower said five million j dollars represents taxes paid by NEW YORK iff) The New York I strike for five days at the request i people earning a year. Speaking From Under a huge photo of Republican presidential nominee Dwight D. Eisenhower, Sen. Robert A. Taft Wednesday night delivered his first speech in support of the general in Spring- field, 0. He addressed a crowd of persons at a party rally. Sen. Taft also urged the election of his younger brother, Charles P. Taft, a portion of whose picture is at upper left, as governor of Ohio. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Ike Nearly Quit Army Post in '46 Times says associates of Gen. Dwight Eisenhower have revealed that he threatened to resign as Army chief of staff in 1946 if forced to act as "a strikebreaker" in the railroad strike that spring. In his speech before the Ameri- can Federation of Labor Wednes- day, the Republican presidential candidate, said: of President Truman who the day! Eisenhower said people all over before had ordered the Office of! the country are worried. Defense Transportation to seize the j "Why should we be roads. On May 23 the unions struck. The next day Truman appealed to them to return to work, warning that if chanSe they did not he would operate trains "by using every means in my power" including a call to the he asked. "Why should we be in- decisive? We come back -to the proposition that we must have a I was trying to eet some restlArmv- He also .called a sPeciaI down in Georgia, I got a telephone session of Congress. The mes- return to call from Washington, sage directed that I Washington immediately to as- sume command of the railway strikers, who were going to be drafted into the Army. With a bit-1 sources ter protest I refused. 18 Communists He noted that 18 Communists had been arrested in the West, observing that all these years they had gone undetected. The general said that whenever he gets, west of the Mississippi River his feeling of homesickness begins to subside. For the first lime since he has and'l was with Meanwhile, Secretary of War Robert P. Patterson announced that he had summoned General Eisenhower for consultation. j The Times said Eisenhower ave these details: ran mto threatening weather in Eisenhower received a phone Davenport. He spoke in the open In a later call I was told that 11 cal1 from Patlerson at Sea Island I air to about persons massed considered the only soldier j saying he was needed in Washing-: on_ the PL-za. whom the railway workers would even talk. So I agreed to meet with them. But I was a sol- dier and not a strike breaker." The Times quoted associates of elected on the Democratic ticket j the general as saying his speech with the support of the same people who supported President Truman he is going to be engulfed in the same totalitarian philosophy that toned down the full story, omitting a threat of resignation and the sub- stance of two telephone conversa- tions with President Truman after dominates four-fifths of those who.! he was called back to Washington are influential in the present ad-j from vacation in Georgia in May, ministration. "He cannot clean j 1946. up the mess Just before that, on May 18, the of corruption. He is a captive can- j Brotherhoods of Railroad Train- TT- didatc. He president." would be a captive men and Locomotive Engineers 'had postponed their threatened gy age. AFL Talk Stevenson goes before the Amer- ican Federation of Labor Conven- the views he has already stated on labor policies. He apparently went over much STEVENSON (Continued on Page 17, Column 1.) Narcotic Violation Complaint Issued On Hennepin Coroner ST. PAUL S. District At- torney Phillip Neville said today he has authorized issuance of a complaint charging Dr. Russell R. Heim, Hennepin county coroner, with violation of the federal nar- cotics act. Neville said Heim was scheduled to appear at the U. S. Marshal's office in St. Paul this afternoon venson's quipping read: "We I at which time a warrant will be want a man who can make 'em served. The heavily censored description of the new missile shows it to be apparently a far cry from other guided missiles now in use. ton and a plane was being sent In a ha'f mile ride through for him. Davenport, Eisenhower was greet- Once in Washington Eisenhower j ed by only a scattering of citizens, went to Patterson's office. The i As his train moved its whistle- secretary telephoned the President j stopping way across Iowa toward and handed the telephone to the a major farm speech at Omaha, general. jNeb., tonight, Eisenhower pounded The President told the general on what calls the "mess in the administration was going to j Washington." draft railroad men into the Army He took his theme from an as- to get the roads back into operation cheered and the general was needed to take charge of the move. The general replied that he was a general and chief of staff and not a strike breaker, that he couldn't do it and that if the Presi- dent insisted, his only course was to resign. The President let the matter go a crowd of persons in Rock Island, 111., last night that the "are sick and in their papers of scandals in Washington." and arc detorminod ,0 have the general declared. He also gave a prcvicw of his but later in another telephone con-1 Omaha farm speech tonight when versation told the general he was he said that to have farm pros- the only one the railroad workers would listen to and that he would jhave to meet them. The general perity "we must have exports to take off some of our surpluses. "I have heard that this is the was persuaded. j heart of isolationism." he said. The Times said Eisenhower "and it just is not so. It is riot sources did not say whether or not j intelligent to be isolationist and I the general met with the workers, have never scon a group of Amer- The strike was settled on May 25, gathered together who didn't the day after Eisenhower arrived I have intelligence." in Washington. I Bidding for Iowa's 10 electoral The Eisenhower sources, Times said, pictured the general as reluctant to give his version of what happened because Secre- tary Patterson was dead. the I vo.te.s. Eisenhower dropped his criticism of Gov. Adlai E. Steven- WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST son for the latter's quipping ap- proach to some of the campaign issues. Whereas he had asserted previ- ously that running for president was "no laughing he told the Rock Island crowd: "To win a fight, you never go about it with long faces. You put Partly cloudy and a little cooler on a grin and go after it. America tonight. Friday fair and cool. Low- tonight 46, higb Friday 66. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 j hours ending at 12 m. today: j Maximum, 75; minimum, 46; j noon, 63; precipitation, .04; sun (sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER Maximum temperature 73 at We Hope President Truman won't mind our saying so, but his daughter Margaret is making a mess of Jimmy Durante as she powders his face. It was all in fun as the two performers got together to rehearse for a show. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) is on the march and we can do it." The Republican nominee dis- played a confidence before the American Federation of Labor Convention when he said he did not favor repeal of the Taft-Hartley Act, the same assertion was cheered loudly in Rock island, A center of the farm.implement manufacturing industry, Rock Is- p.m. Wednesday; minimum Iand ha? membership temperature 53 at a.m. ,its Noon readings-Barometer, 29.73; I Eisenhower got little attentiori as wind, 15 miles per hour from north-1 motorcade moved through Mo- west; humidity, 74per cent; clouds, hne< Rock Island, after he scattered at and 6.000 feet. I was airport by. .a I crowd of about persons on his Additional weather on Page 9. i return from New York, ;