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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 18, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Showers Tonight, Partly Cloudy, Cooler Tuesday VOLUME 50, NO. 180 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 18, 1950 The Proof of FM Superiority Is In the Listening TWENTY PAGES ew Gains at Seoul Excess Profits Tax to Come Up At Later Date Congressmen Agree Levy Will Be Retroactive By Franc-IE M. LeMay Washington A Compro-jmonv He call't; Marshall Slated For Legal Approval As Defense Chief Tru- man signed today the bill allowing General George C, Marshall to be- come secretary of defense. The White House said Marshall's formal nomination to the post would be isent to the Senate for confirmation at once. Presidential Secretary Charles G, Ross said Marshall has asked that j he be sworn into office at. the Pen- !tag.on without any special cere- Federal Curbs On Hoarding, Credits Start Year in Prison, Fine Violation Penalties North Korea Asks Peace Talks, Report I the oath, ofj By Charles Molony Washington The govern- mise pled'ge that Congress will the Senate put "stop" orders into effect later to tax excess war profits or bejore Louis Johnson against over-easy credit to parently cleared the way today jfor approval of a tax boost and the start of a vacation for lawmakers late this weak. defense secretary tomorrow, consumers and over-eager buying Ross said Mr. Truman also signed by businessmen, bill authorizing him to appoint; Marking the first actual use of Civil Defense Plan Gets Truman's O. K. Kimpo Airfield Put Into Use By Yank Fliers General Offensive In South Making Steady Headway LUlO ifll rvw I But it mav mean that Congress I General Omar N. Bradley to the the new home front conwoi pow- can T' in November. five star rank of general er, the orders had two .ms, o Open Arrows aho- the two-pronged Allied invasion force mov- ing inland against North Korean positions. The southern prong has driven within three miles of Seoul, Red-held South Korean capital. TJ. S. Marines on the northern flank hold Kimpo airfield and have reached the Han river. The airfield is in operation. 'The Army Seventh division troops and equipment rolled out of the Inchon beachhead toward the front. Ked opposition in the north was described as light and "stubborn but unorganized" on the south flank. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Primary Wins Seen For Wiley, Tydings Agreement on the knotty the Army, ation excess profits issue was! reached at an unusual Sunday ses-j jsion of a Kcuse-Senate conference I committee. The conferees, now. smoothing lout differences in the House and Senate versions of the general tax bill, to House and Senate approval ttiat Con- gress will act either later this year, or early next, on a levy on' excess corporation profits. This levy is to be retroactive to Octo- ber 1 or July 1 of this year. Issue Postponed Army Doubles Reserve Officer Call-up Quota Washington The Army to- i defense administration, Mr. Truman sent it to a Congress which probably This is intended to postpone thejday more than doubled its call-up profits issue and enable quick, Reserve officers by adding approval of the general and. lieutenants to the 'boosting bill in time for summons for company! levies to become effective October grade officers. ber. cement, steel, copper. jnum, tin, rubber, nylon yarn, tain chemicals and certain other! materials, beyond a "practical mini-j mum working inventory." I Enforceable by penalties as stiff as a year in prison and a ifine, the order applies not only to the firm that buys but also to the Ifirm that delivers the goods, Credit Controls The ban on over-easy install- scarce and essential materials for defense purposes. The Commerce department do nothing about authority or businessmen to accumulate lum-jmoney jor tne program before next steel, copper, alumi-1 veiir The program is built around: 1, Co-operation on a big scale between federal, state and local governments, with each sharing some of the responsibility and expense. There is an outline for the kind of organization needed at every level. 2. Providing pre-attack pre- cautions and post-attack help mainly for some 140 "critical target and instal- lations an enemy almost cer- tainly would hit Srst and hard- independent Giornale D'ltalia said to- day in a London dispatch that North Korean authorities are seeking to negotiate for peace. The dispatch attributed the information to non-official Indian circles at London and said it came from New Delhi. According to it China and India would serve as mediators. Giornale described the dispatch as its own special service. There was no confirmation from any other source. Erickson Tokyo American Marines stabbed to within three miles of Seoul today at the head of massing Allied troops ordered to imake the Red Koreans surrender or die. The leathernecks spearheaded I the tenth corps liberation force inow rolling in a crushing tide on Red-held South Korean capital. I Seoul's liberation appeared to be government unwrapped today a master civil at hand_ he i The jjariaes vanguard about one mile from Yongdnng, Seous suburb on the south bank of the Han river. The Allied Force :ross the Han to take Seoul itself. Fifteen miles northwest of the city, a second Marine column hurled back five predawn assaults mi. UCAtlJDC 14- a-r-c check inflation and to conserve cut in half with trainedexperts and rf rane e Truman approved the plan; which lacked any piice tag bm to create a new, separate federal civil Along ment credit was ten-dav '1 on. the incomes of more than individual taxpayers. Western Europe Defenseless By Stewart Alsop Washington The news from Korea is good. But the news from Wisconsin Voting In State-Wide I Election Tuesday By The Associated Press Senators Tydings (D.-Md.) and Wiley (B.-Wls.) appeared headed for renomination today and tcmor- Thi: Senate had gone on record aviation officers. In addition the Army ordered up 205 chaplain captains and Army aa favoring action on an excess prof its tax next year. But House overwhelmingly called the for action this year. The conferees agreed on a compromise which calls for enactment of such a tax if Congress is in session after the November elections otherwise, next year. But Senators Connally (D.- Texas) and O'Mahoney The aviation officers, who will Hy'Uown and 21 months to pay. (Trade- the Army's own observation and ar-1 jns count toward the down pay- tillery spotting .planes, wijl be called I ment row in primaries which virtually ]eaders in the fight for immediate wind up the picking of slates for I excess profits legislation, said they the November 7 congressional elec-jwill insist on a definite understand- ing that the lawmakers return aft- tions. Rhode Island Democrats nomi- Inate Governor John O. Pastore for the Ssnate in a primary today. His er the elections to act on the mat ter. The ground troop officers called put into effect Reserve board, notice. appll- furniture, and home repairs were tightened. The order is applicable to sellers, lenders and consumer-buyers alike, and is backed by penalties up to a up today will go on active duty dur- m d a 000 gne. It -__ of Ipacr 21 ing November for at least 21 months. forbids terms any easier than these: For autos, new or used, one-third up-over a four-month" period in De- cember. The ground force officers involved in today's announcement include 561 captains and For appliances, 15 per cent down and 18 months to pay. The appli- ances covered are refrigerators, food freezers, radio and television sets -re 561 captains an phonographs, cooking stoves, rang- ond lieutenants in 16 branches of ironers. washing the service. Drawn from the wwinir ma- Army area will be captains and lieutenants; 42 chaplains and 56 aviation officers. The Army said the officers in- iile BtLIU Wic The ;ax bill is one of the ixl the call are members of items in the way of organized Reserve Corps, but v New York is bad. On-the-spot re- Republican opponent for the seat: recess or adjournment this not ports from Korea will soon .appear vacated by Attorney General j. (Its major provisions: (serve units. assigned to troop re- in this space, but it is believed in Washington that the successful landings in the north may bring victory sooner than it had seemed possible to hope. Yet good news from Korea should not be allow- ed to obscure the central fact. This is that the strategic situn- Howard McGrath and filled tem- porarily by Senator Edward L. Leahy (D) will be chosen in a sim- ilar routine primary on September 27. Dennis J. Roberts of Individuals A increase in ievies on incomes of! over persons, effective October 1. On that date the with- holding from wages and salaries, after personal exemptions, will go nomination for governor of Rhode] the Democratic "P one-fifth. Other Provisions TT j onrf ltd Buvcmui tion of the United biaies >is Isi3no> wjth opposition. Democra-j corporations An increase allies is nothing snort 01 inraier-j 'Fnrand andlti snnnnnnnn voai- in nivmai r allies is nothing sho able. Moreover, it wJ tolerable just so Jong as there Is no real defense of Western Eur- ope _ and this is the problem with which the Foreign Ministers of the Atlantic part powers have been grappling in New York, what appears to be marked lack morrow Representatives Forand a year in normal cor- Fogarty also are assured of renom-jporation income taxes, to apply to ination. j one-half of 1950 Income. Massachusetts, without a The measure embodies numer- torial contest this year, picks other provisions, many of them ior party nominees for gover-j dealing with the plugging of tax nor and House seats in voting loopholes. Interest in today's Maryland Chairman George (D.-Ga.) of loting centers on the Tydings senate finance committee an- yesterday's session and the selection of a Republicanjof the conference committee that opponent who is expected to car- 1 foe staff of tax experts employed jry on the criticism which Tydings congress has been instructed to j primary opponents have leveled jbegin immediate preparation, of an against him. This criticism profjts tax. TovSeSi This may impose a a year levy on big cerns the Senate o f Communists -in charges made by earthy Tydings headed the Senate foreipn relations sub-] Chairman Doughton (D.-N.C.) of of success. There is one way to under- stand just how intolerable our situation is, while the defense of Western Europe remains a paper defense. This is to ask the "oest informed of the stra- tegic planners for their best estimates of the course of a general war breaking oUv in the near future. There is, per- haps, nothing particularly sur- prising about their answers. But just as a reminder of where we really stand, it may be worth repeating these an- swers ill capsule form. First, of course, just about been blasting; re ls liuw eemclll, erythins the United States has, ex- away at Tydings in the primary ,shall be made retr0active. cept the strategic Air Force, the campaign with the accusation that) B inadequate continental air com-ke "whitewashed" the investigation! mand, and odds and ends of McCarthy's charges. 'Woct Fumno visions, is now committed in Ko-j wh is 5eeking a fifth! YVebr rea Thus ,t is -difficult to see f t t fl as ]ollg as R how a stand could be made any- he an prevent it there will never KGiUrnes in nnunrn "government by unfounded Icharacter assassination." Tydings Attacked them, i the House ways and means com- jmittee, where ali tax bills origin- ate, said that under the circum- Johu A. Meyer. Baltimore he doesn't think it "ter. ney and former congressman, important" Hugh J. Monaghan. another Balti-jacted upon Knvp hpf-n ___ _. 100 Terrorists Rounded Up in Saigon Raids Saigon, Indo-China More than 100 terrorists were under ar- machines, clothes driers, sewing ma- chines, vae.uum cleaners, air con- ditioners, and dehumidifiers. For and rugs, ten per cent and 18 months. For home repairs, alterations and improvements, 10 per cent and 30 months. Listed articles costing less than are exempt from the down payment requirements, but are sub- ject to the pay-off limits. Loans Included Installment loans for purchase of the listed articles carry the same restrictions as installment sales of those articles. Installment loans on all other' required to be paid off within 18 months. Reserve board officials said those terms are tighter than credit al- lowances recently prevailing, al- though not so tight as the terms 3. Mutual aid pacts among j cities; and states, even reaching a hand across the borders to Mexican and Canadian neigh- bors. 4. Mobile civil defense teams that could speed to stricken cities, even iii another state. 5. Establishing government schools to turn out civil defense experts as the British are doingt S. Bringing civil defense even- tually down to the "every person should know .what he must do in an emergency." Mr, Truman suggested in a mes- sage that Congress "consider this report carefully over the next few weeks" as a basis for passing legis- lation "in the near future." I he said, "this report Bill to Curb Communists Hears Approval Washington Barring a j last-minute hitch, Senate-House I committee was expscted to put the j finishing touches today on a bill to tighten home-front defenses against Communists, spies saboteurs. j Tentative agreement on a com- promise between separate Senate and House measures was ed Friday. However, the con- ference committee delayed final MacArthur at Front With General MicArthur on the Inchon Front, "Don't let him ftt a. Ma- rine shouted today when Gen- eral StacArthur -visited the fighting front east of Inchon. other leather- necks asked aJt jeep passed alone the road. shouted another jok- ingly, "the this MacArthur spent more than three hours on the tour of the where he and nit staff were briefed by Marine of- and secured Kimpo airfield. Then It north, to the banks of the _ _____ _____________ approval until the actual wording! Han; was. worked out by legislative Kimpo airfield, already is to op- draftsmen. Senator McOarran CD.-Nev.l told a reporter in advance of today's meeting he thought the compro- mise draft whipped into shape over the weekend was likely to be accepted change. without substantial eration as an Allied base with an excellent paved runway. Official reports Sunday that Ma- rines were fighting in the outskirts of Seoul proved premature at that _ time. Red Demand Surrender Koreans seized the city McCarran, who is chairman of j June 28 three days after they in- presents a sound and workable out-i the conference committee, would vaded the United Nations spon- line of the .civil defense problems I not disclose any details. reoublic. we face, and what the federal, state and local governments should I to meet Lawmakers in close touch with the situation, however, reported that the compromise retains, al- OIJ rest today after French and board flxed on ctmsumer credit nzm police smashed what theyi y M War n_ expect the order to slow The outbreak was timed to 'tart: the rise of consumer, which last night, authorities said. Inform-1 soared to a record of edoftiie plan, they blocked it tns Post-Korea buying terday. v" Authoritative sources were quot- ed as saying the plot was cooked up by Ho Chi Minh. Moscow-train- ed leader of the. rebel Vietminh. rush. But the order does not affect charge accounts or loans repayable in a lump sum. and it won't touch retail buyers who can pay cash. The President urged that gover-1though in somewhat modified no-s and mayors, who are being'.form, a Senate- provision for Vhe sent copies, "move ahead rapidly" internment of dangerous subver- with their own civil defense plans. Until Congress passes permanent legislation, Mr. Truman said, he in- tends to establish a temporary civil defense administration to pro- vide central leadership. Accidents Kill 10 Persons In Wisconsin By The Associated Press Ten persons died as a result of accidents in Wisconsin over the Police said the captured terror- j That's a numerous group, since ists, described as "volunteers ofjconsumer income is at a record admitted the plot. They a year and still ris- said they were hired to infiltrate I jng, bank accounts are fat, and tiie city and begin a grenade and whether a bill arms attack. Some terrorists or next, since it where in Europe, even behind Pyrennees." Second, the planners accept the) John Markey, who was nos- view of Winston Churchill of thejed fe Senator o'Conor (D.-Md.) the 1945 senatorial contest, and position of the British Isles, if continent is over-run Even in the bad days of 1940, Churchill recently, he had "good hopes that England would win through, even alone. "But he tiriued. "I cannot fesl the (Continued on Pasre 8, Column 5) ALSOP Marshall Butler, who re- WEATHER u FEDERAL Winona and vicinity: Baltimore are battl- out for the Republican noin- Wiley Given Edge In the Wisconsin voting tomor- row, Wiley is given the edge for renomination over Edward J. Fin- an, Bristol business man. Four candidates seek the Democratic senatorial nomination, including Thomas E. Fairchild, Wisconsin at- cloudy, occasional showers tonight. Tuesday partly cloudy and some- what cooler. Low tonight 64, high Tuesday 72. LOCAL WEATHER Mostly Daniel are _____ Hoan, former Socialist mayor of Milwaukee; William E. Sandsrson, former secretary to Representative Merlin Hull (R.- and Lavem R. Dilweg, for- mer congressman. Official observations for the 241 contesting for the Republican hours ending- at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 77; minimum, 58; noon. 77: precipitation, none. norranation for governor are Wal- ter J. Kohler, son of a former governor, a-id Leonard Schmitt, Official observations for the 24 Merrill attorney. Governor Oscar hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 82; minimum, 61; noon, 82; precipitation, none; sun! sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on Page 17. Rennebohm did not seek re-nomi- nation. Paris West Europe's con- is outstanding in sav- ings bonds. were still at large. Only one grenade 'was by a terrorist who was caught ing to hide 30 grenades in a cart to smuggle them into the city. Sixty other grenades were found in vehicles checked yesterday, aj i On Missing Plane French police spokesman said. Reykjavik, Ice- A Milwaukee couple died in the fleet flames of the semi-trailer truck in which they had been riding when it The planned attack was not Airlines Skymaster plane re- garded as an all-out effort to seize I ported missing since last Thursday the city, which is heavily garrisor.-jnighi was found today on Vatnajo- ed. Even regular Vietminh units are not strong enough to do that. The terrorists: said they had been directed to operate in of sultative assembly will resume meeting at Strasbourg November 17. Assembly President Paul-Henri Spaak and four of the organiza- tion's six vice-presidents repre- _. senting West Germany, Britain, five, to make their way to aiiii iuvu _ Sweden and Turkey also under protection of armed: ond fnere crrPtlflriftS r> have scoured the area for days. Earlier, a IT. S. Coast Guard cut- Mrs Ralph'Hillebrand.'They in the Far East last headed back to Milwaukee start shooting duty m the kull glacier with all seven crewmen alive. The plane, last Jieard from 40 ykjavik, was and had ten for and open up with the small arms. police they learned of arrested a terrorist captain. yesterday which of the 30 resolutions, approved at Stras- bourg last month, are to be placed before national parliaments by the assemblymen. They did not an- nounce which resolutions had been picked. Crowds Flock in To Hear Graham 20-day Min- neapolis-for-Christ crusade wiis launched in the city auditorium by Dr. Billy Graham Sundcy with 000 persons janr-ming the building and an estimated turned away. Before the meeting opened, Gra- ham mounted a loading platform to address the followers unable to get_________________ into the building. i He told Judge Robert L. Taylor InsMe, Graham said "This is that U. S. Attorney General How- 3lLtU UJG.y I _, g. T1 the plot three days ago when they ter reported receiving an S.O.S. call from the plane. Slack Pleads Guilty As Wartime Red Spy Greenville Dean. Slack pleaded guilty in federal court today to charges of wartime spying for Russia. Assistant n. S. Attorney James M. Meek jmmediately recommended a ten-year prison sentence for the 44-year-old Syracuse, N. Y. chemist Meek said Slack had admitted passing on to Russian agents secrets in the manufacture of RDX, a high j IJitHU.Il. AliO. Ut, j-iijj -n ra-i R Thompson of Stoushton God's hour of decision and Minnea- ard McGrath and the Federal BU- 6aU faithJable to ed in -giving information to the Russian agents whet; he realized it was for Russia, the government is willing to accept the ten-year sen- Meek told the court. weekend. A plane crash near Elcho ia-Lan- glade county Sunday killed an Ap- pleton business executive and his wife. They were Mr. and Mrs. T. J. Holzem. He was president of the Appleton Manufacturing Company and an aviation enthusiast. Authori- ties said the couple had taken off from the Post Lake landing strip when the engine failed. crashed into a .tree at Saukville Sunday. The victims were Mr. and sored republic. South Korean forces blew tha Han's rail and road bridges then. Allied planes repeatedly mangled the bridge remnants. As the big offensive mounted at both ends of South Korea, Allied warplanes showered the Reds with leaflets warning them they must give up or die now. On the old southeast Korean beachhead, gn American battalion crossed the Naktong river and set up a firm bridgehead on the west bank. Allied forces had withdrawn to the east bank August 4. U. S. Second division troops made the crossing west of Chang- nyong. The Reds drove back three U. S. patrols which tried to cross at another point. On the northeastern front of the old beachhead, two Allied battal- ions crossed to the north bank of the Kyongsan river.. The river runs just sough of Pohang port on the east coast. Progress Allied forces mostly made stea- dy progress all' along the 125-mile southeast perimeter. But the Reds resisted fiercely at several points. There were indications the R.eds caught in the Allied nutcracker pulling forces from the (southeast front to defend Seoul. A.P. Correspondent Relman Morin. in the Inchon-Seoul beachhead, re- ported evidences of suicidal resis- tance by surprisingly weak and wild-eyed Red forces. Allied fliers spotted a fast Red j v. motorized column racing north She will be the second battleship from ao mUes 50Uth of sives in certain emergencies. Another principal feature, not in substantial dispute because it was common to both the House and Senate measures, would require the I registration of Communists and organizations. The legislation also would bar Communists from federal jobs or work in defense plants, outlaw con- spiracies to set up foreign-control- led the govern- ment new legal weapons to deal with spies and saboteurs and tight- en immigration barriers against subversive aliens. The final version agreed on by the conferees will be sent to the House for action first and then will go to the Senate. Sponsors hope to get it through both branches on Wednesday. Second Battleship To Join Fleet Washington The Navy said today that the bat- tleship Ne-v Jersey is being Imothballed for return to active; in operation. Her sister ship, the Missouri, ar- last week The Mightly Mo, aboard which headed back to delivering a load of beer. A former Wilton high school Japanese cipal was killed and his wife signed to end World iuied critically Sunday when beer m -oriHi niiir.nB-n lor training jjmpuoca war. Seoul. Warplanes blasted the mov- ing Communist troop column. The Navy in Washington report- ed Marine pilots now are able to fly off carriers and land at Kimpo. car collided with the Chicago Western's "400" passenger train at a cross'ng at Wilton. William Har- rison, 76, was the victim. Mrs. Har- rison was taken to a Sparta hospi- tal. Two other battleships remain in the reserve fleet-the Wisconsin, tied up at Norfolk, Va., and the Iowa at San Francisco. The de-mothballing of the New The Navy said belated reports '1 from the Inchon-Seoul sector said 17 Russian-made tanks were de- stroyed by Marine ground weapons sau Sunday of injuries received Sat- urday night when his motorcycle collided with an automobile. Milan Chervenka, 75, was killed Sunday night as he walked along a road three miles south of Anti- go. He was struck by a car driv- en by Lawrence Wild, 22, of Anti- go. by her father struck a culvertjhas bekn in storage. near Fort Atkinson. The child was Mary Elizabeth Wilson, daughter! of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Wilson of Elgin, Hi, The mother suffered a broken arm, broken leg and other injuries and was taken to a Fort Atkinson hospital. Wilson, who re- ceived minor cuts and bruises, told authorities had lost control of the vehicle. Leland Merwin, 22, died at Wau- May 1943. Both the New Jersey, and the Wisconsin were withdrawn from the active fleet at about the same time, December, 1947. Fire Injuries Kill Junction City Man Junction City, Brown, 67, died Friday night in a fire which destroyed his farm home near here. Coroner John Dzikoski said passersby saw the blaze and found the victim lying against his front door, suffocated by the smoke. and 18 others were knocked out by Navy and Marine carrier planes. Allied planes ranged all over the two fronts. Carriers-based Navy and Marine planes hit Red airfields within 150 miles of the Inchon beachhead. U. S. Fifth Air Fotce lighter- bombers spewed jellied gasoline fire bombs at Red on the southeast Korea perimeter. B-23s hit Red positions in the Waegwan sector northwest of Tae- gu with 400 tons of bombs. They plastered an' area one-half mile wide and two and one-half miles deep. Jawi Befinninc to Close Thli' could be the prelude to an- other jump across the Naktong. The two jaws of the mighty Al- liud nutcracker were beginning to ram shut on the Communists. On the second front beachhead before Seoul, the Tenth corps cbm- (Contioued on Page 1, Column 4) KOK1SA ;