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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 16, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Warmer Tonight, Wednesday VOLUME 52, NO. 179 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 16, 1952 You Can Register Now For Nov. 4 Election TWENTY PAGES Aldermen, Mayor 'Kick In To Start Flood Fund The City Council cut taxes Monday night; the aldermen cut them by digging bills out of their own pockets. They'd like to see the taxes for 1953 reduced still more by having every Winonan dig down. Those personal contributions from the aldermen, the mayor and several city officials was the city's dramatic way of starting the "Dike Fund." Before the aldermen left City Hall at o'clock Mon- day night, the fund had been boosted to and this morn- ing Mayor Loyde Pfeiffer an- nounced that one local firm had already decided to con- tribute another a third The mayor, in launching the drive Monday night with a speech and a contribution, declared that "it seems to me that the people we saved last spring, when we spent 000 to fight the river, should now be willing to contribute to defray that expense." He said that one of "the big- gest items of expense" facing the city in a tax budget that may up city taxes 25 per cent, is that appropriation. "There are industries which definitely got big savings be- cause of that flood said the mayor. "Now it seems to me that they should be willing to contribute in proportion to the amount of loss they might have sustained." "We're not out for blood the mayor said. "This should be a community project, on a volunteer basis." Alderman William F. Hql- den. who was unsuccessful in an attempt to persuade the As- sociation of Commerce that it should undertake raising of the dike fund, followed up the speech with introduction of a resolution, putting the city in charge. That resolution points out that money is urgently needed by the city now to pay the bill for the constructon of the Crooked Slough dike. The resolution also notes that the Council feels that "the public benefit of such a dike merits contributions from all persons and firms who will benefit from this protection." Second Ward Alderman Henry Parks, passing a bill, added to that view when he declared, "Even if people aren't in the flood area, it's worth not to have other people swimming." The alderman himself lives high and dry at 119 W. Mark St. The aldermen decided that copies of the resolution should be sent to civic organizations 20 such groups were that the Council flood control committee, head- ed by First Ward Alderman R. K. Ellings, should take a prominent part in the drive for the Dike Fund. Members are Fourth Ward Alderman Joseph Karsina, Second Ward Alder- man William S. L. Christen- sen and Third Ward Alderman Howard Baumann. The mayor and aldermen, realizing that the Community Chest is beginning its annual campaign for funds, issued the following statement: "We regret that this drive must coincide with the Com- munity Chest campaign, but it Fund Administration The City Council resolution establishing Dike Fund des- ignates City Treasurer Otto P. Pietsch as administrator. All checks should be made out to him. He and the three banks are designated to receive tha funds. is imperative that this fund be substantially accumulated by Oct. 6, the date for the adop- tion of the budget." Aldermen said they'd like to have the fund as near com- plete as possible by Oct. 6 but will accept contributions after that if firms cannot determine the amount of their contribu- tion by that time because of business reasons. Aldermen planned to see the start of this drive some two months ago, when they met with representatives of the As- sociation of Commerce relative to its heading such a cam- paign. The aldermen left the meeting understanding that the A. of C. would undertake the drive, but the board of direc- tors later declined. At Monday night's Council meeting, the North Western Railway, which previously has indicated it will make no finan- cial contribution to the con- struction of the Crooked Slough dike, has made it a letter from President R. L. Williams. The Council heard read a letter written to City Attorney Harold Streater, in which Wil- liams says, "Our people tell me that this flood resulted in very little physical damage or disturbance to our opera- tions at Winona which would have been avoided if the dike as contemplated had been in existence. It is a fact that we had our bridge over the Mis- sissippi out of service and load- ed it only to avoid any possi- bility of losing it, but I think you will probably agree we would have had to do that if the dike had been in service last spring. "It is my understanding that the industries in the area af- fected by the flood have not at this time agreed to make any contributions toward providing the relief contemplated. On the other hand, I believe our peo- ple have stated that we would raise our tracks to meet the proposed dike elevation at the point of crossing. This will in- volve a rather substantial ex- penditure on our part, and I believe you will agree with me that under, the circum- stances it is all that we should be asked to contribute." Meanwhile, letters asking that the city secure an ease- ment from the North Western Railway for a road atop the Crooked Slough dike were re- ceived from H. W. Clark, commander of Flotilla II, Di- vision 10, U. S. Coast Guard Auxiliary, and from Glen Fischer, president, Will Dilg Chapter, Izaak Walton League, on behalf of their organiza- tions. City Engineer Cribbs said that the easement for the con- struction of the a not yet been re- ceived from the railway. He said that it cannot be expected now before late this week or early next week. Cribbs said that clearing of the dike site has been completed and that the apparent low bidder, the St. Paul Dredging Co., has be- gun preliminary excavation. The contract has not been awarded. Taft-Hartley Law Death to Labor-Tobin NEW YORK I.? Secretary of Labor Maurice J. Tobin told the American Federation of Labor to-1 day that the Taft-Hartley Law means slow death for the labor movement. The law, he said in a prepared address at the AFL's 71st annual convention, has slowed organized labor's membership gains tremen- dously and has become "a matter of life or death for the American labor movement." His speech was one of three major addresses scheduled during the day. The other two speakers also were administration officials. Mutual Security Administrator Averell Harriman attacked Gen. Dwight D Eisenhower sharply for "the bold implication that he and the other leaders of his party have been so far-sighted that they never had any illusions about Soviet aggression." i Harriman added, in his prepared j address: I Potential Aggressor i "In November, 1945, Gen. Eisen- j hower testified before a committee of the Congress. He was asked what he thought about Russia as a potential aggressor and he an- swered 'Russia has not the slight- est thing to gain by a struggle with the United States. There is no one thing, I believe, that guides the policy of Russia more today than to keep friendship with the United states.' Federal Security Administrator Oscar R. Ewing. like Tobin, called for repeal of the Taft-Hartley Law, and he cited what he viewed as gains under Democratic admmis- rHe also suggested a boost in the 75-cent-an-hour minimum wage set by federal law. As the SOO delegates represent- ing eight million AFL members moved into their second day's ses- sion, they met against a back- ground of pleas for labor unity from AFL President William Green and John L. Lewis. Green appeared before the con- vention yesterday and urged that the CIO and Lewis' United Mine Workers return to the fold of the "Let it be one labor movement in he urged in what has become to be almost an annual P Lewis soon answered from Wash- where he was meeting with the UMW National Policy Commit- j tee The mine chief urged that all union labor leaders meet quickly to draw up a formula for immed- iate unity. President Truman waves as his car leaves a railroad station in Philadelphia today to take him to the American Hospital Asso- ciation's Convention for his talk on his program for medicine for the nation's people. With him in the car is Pennsylvania Re- publican Gov. John S. Fine. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) Truman Lashes Out Medical Plan Opponents Want Horse, Buggy Days, By ERNEST B, VACCARO PHILADELPHIA President j Truman today described opponents 0.1 compulsory medical they include Gen. Dwight D. Eisen- "pullbacks" who want to "go back to the horse and buggy days." The President declared "it is a job for all of us" to bring medical and health services to the people at a price they can afford to pay. "I would not call such a good Truman said. "I would call it a goal of enterprise- American enterprise." Truman didn't mention the Re- pablican presidential nominee by name in a speech prepared for a luncheon of the American Hospi- tal Association in Convention Hall. But he quoted language used by Eisenhower in New York Sunday opposing Truman's medical insur- ance plan. Eisenhower advocated, among other steps, "locally admin- istered indigent medical care pro- j grams." 'Non-Political' Truman came here by train from j Washington for the address, billed I by the White House as "non-po-l litical." 1 While he didn't mention compul- sory medical insurance in so many words today, he declared: "You can't make the best mod- ern medicine available to every- it should there is some way for people to pay for it." Truman's national health pro- gram, embracing pre-payment of medical, hospital, laboratory and even some dental costs by_ in- creases in social security pay- ments, has kept a controversy go- ing between him and the American Medical Association (AMA) for seven years. Eisenhower called it a move toward "socialized medi- cine." The President told the hospital group that good health is of "first importance" to the general wel- fare, and added: "That is why, ever since I have been president, I have recommend- ed programs which I believe will provide better medical and health services for all our people." Asserting some groups have been strongly against them, he said they are the ones who "want to pull (Continued on Page 17, Column 4) TRUMAN AdlaiSets Sights For 'Independents' Revamps Strategy For Swing of Eastern States SPRINGFIELD, 111. W Gov. Adiai Stevenson stepped up his drive today for the estimated 15- million independent voters in the nation and set his sights as well on what he calls the "Republican progressives." There are indications at head- quarters today that the Democrat- ic presidential candidate is re- drafting his campaign strategy. The event that appears to have changed his position was last week's meeting between Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, his GOP opponent, and Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio. Stevenson says Eisenhow-1 er's "great crusade has become the great that Taft has "taken over" the general's cam- And he added: "This puts an entirely new as- pect on the campaign and on the election." He has been in long strategy conferences with his chief lieuten- ants the past two days. Up to this point, he has been pegging away at the claim of "dis- unity" among the Republicans, arguing that the Taft backers and the Eisenhower supporters consti- tuted a "two-headed elephant." He found many phrases to twit his political enemies on that score. Long-Awaited Meeting Correspondents asked him, in a news conference yesterday, wheth- er he will continue that line now that Taft and Eisenhower have held the long-awaited meeting. He j replied: "That remains to be j seen." j The atmosphere here now that j Stevenson's principal advisers have had time to examine the position in the GOP camp contains mixed I reactions. j On the one hand, the strength of j Taft's organization is well recog- nized. The governor's ing that Taft is in the driver's he will bring over j to Eisenhower a good deal of Re-' publican support the general did not have before. And they feel that some backers, heretofore lukewarm and half-hearted, will become active now. But they hope to counter that by appealing to the independent voters and to the "Republican pro- gressives Stevenson said in a prepared statement to the news conference. Lewis Shaping Up Soft Coal Strike in East By CHARLES BARRETT WASHINGTON L. Lew- is appeared today to be shaping up an early strike of about Eastern soft coal miners in a di- j vide-and-conquer strategy against coal producers. But the United Mine Workers chief said a walkout isn't likely to produce a national emergency among coal users. Breaking his silence on a month of private negotiations, Lewis sternly reported to newsmen yes- terday he has reached a "most disturbing" impasse with Northern soft coal operators, with only four more days to go before their pres- ent contract expires Saturday. Similarly, Lewis said, "no con- clusions" have been reached in frequent talks with Southern soft coal producers, whose contract ex- pires Sept. 30. Lewis plainly implied both groups of mines would be shut down as their contracts run out. Tradition- ally, the miners don't work without a contract. Grim Picture Together, the two groups turn out about "0 per cent of the na- 1 tion's seven million tons I a week. About miners work in the Northern group, in the Southern. Contrasting with this grim pic- ture the mine chief stressed that Western and Midwestern soft coal mines which are not members of the (Northern) Bituminous Coal Operators Association "will be per- mitted to Also, Lewis reported, he expects to reach an agreement this week with the Pennsylvania anthracite (hard coal) industry, whose con- tract also expires Sept. 30. His plan is for both these groups, which he said employ about to continue producing. They would ac- cept whatever terms are negotia- ted later with the bigger Northern and Southern soft coal associations. Lewis declared the present na- tional coal stockpile of about continued if not expanded production in the West- ern and hard coal "preclude any possible national emergency." The stockpile alone would supply normal needs for 85 days. U.S. Jets Crash n Korean Peaks Left To Right are pictured John Willyard, Freeborn County GOP chairman; General Eisen- hower, GOP presidential candidate; Sen. Edward Thye of Minnesota; C. Elmer Anderson, governor of Minnesota, and Representative August Andre- sen of Minnesota on the platform of Ike's train. These officials of Minnesota were on hand to greet the general on his first stop in Minnesota today at Albert Lea. (AP Wirephoto to The Re- publican-Herald) At Northfield Moral Values Must Rule U.S., !ke Tells Minnesota Students Ail 6 Pilots Returning From Mission Killed Bad Weather Blamed, Air Officials Say AN AIR FIELD IN KOREA, De- layed by censor HV-Six U. S. Mar- ine Panther jets crashed one after another into two mist-covered I mountains in South Korea last j Wednesday, killing the pilots, U. officers disclosed today. 1 The jet fighters were part of a group of 21 returning from a com- bat mission in North Korea. Skies were dark and murky. The weather closed in over the squa- dron's home base. The planes were ordered to land instead at an Air Force field. Fifteen of the squadrp.p. landed safely at the field. Search planes found tije wreck- age of the jets Friday 'in rugged terrain between Taegu and Po- hang, north of the temporary South Korean capital of Pusan. i All of the pilots were membeif !of the "Able Eagles" squadron. The dead included 2nd Lieut. Richard Lee Roth, 21, son of Mr. and Mrs. Frank L. Roth, Lock- ridge, la. ABOARD EISENHOWER SPE- CIAL Dwight D. Eisen- hower told students packed into the Carleton College stadium at Northfield, Minn., today that moral values must rule American foreign policies. The Republican presidential nom- inee interrupted his whistle stop train tour across Minnesota to drive to the college football field where students from all over the state had assembled. Asserting the American system of government is "based directly on an unshakeable faith in the Al- Eisenhower said these same moral values must be at the core -of American dealings with other nations of the world. In previous train-side speeches the general had called for a "con- sistent" farm policy, raking the Truman administration for the "confusion'' he said it had caused in this field. Eisenhower told the students and their elders that he is a college president, too. He is head of Colum- bia University in New York, on leave. Permanent Leave "You people will determine on next Nov. 4 whether my leave will be he said, as the i crowd laughed. Eisenhower was greeted with a thunderous "I like Ike." as his mo- I tor caravan drove in front of the I shirt-sleeved crowd in the stadium stands. Students from 18 Minnesota col- leges and 15 high schools were pres- ent in the colorful throng which filled the stands for the I All Curbs Lifted You Can Purchase Home On Terms You Can Get By FRANK O'BRIEN WASHINGTON now you are free to buy a new house on whatever terms you can ar- range, without any government su- pervision or regulation. The Federal Reserve Board cut home buyers and purchasers of commercial property loose yester- day when it suspended Regulation X. That is the government order that since October, 1950, had set official limits on the amount of credit lenders could give in home and commercial property sales. Regulation X applied only to new buildings. Simultaneously the Housing and Home Finance Agency (HHFA) an- nounced it was loosening its regu- lations governing credit in home sales where government loans or guarantees are a part of the trans action. These moves followed notice by the Bureau of Labor Statistics to the Federal Reserve Board and the HHFA yesterday that housing construction during June. July and August indicated that not more than units would be start- ed during the year. Under amendments to the 1952 Defense Production Act. Regula- tion X had to be lifted if housing starts during three consecutive i months, adjusted on a seasonal I basis, pointed to fewer than j 000 new homes or apartments in a year's building. The Federal Reserve Board sus- pended Regulation X without com- ment. But Housing Administrator Ray- I mond M. Foley made it clear in a statement that he was not happy to open the credit dikes on gov- ernmcnt-backed housing. He sug- gested that Regulation X might have to be reimposed later on. Mrs. Mike Holm is sworn in as Minnesota's secretary of state, the first of her sex to hold the office, by Frank T. Gallagher, asso- ciate justice of the Minnesota Supreme Court in St. Paul today. A picture of her husband, who held the post nearly 30 years, ap- pears in the background. Mrs. Holm was appointed by Gov. C. Elmer Anderson after she won the Republican nomination for the office in the Sept. 9 state primary campaign. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) first time since they were built 20 years ago. As the Eisenhower party left the stadium, the general signed a dozen i or more autographs and handed out a couple of hot dogs to chil- dren who hung on his car. i Earlier, before a crowd estimat- ed at almost 3.000 at Albert Lea, Eisenhower called for a "consis- tent" farm porgram. He accused the Democrats of putting the farmer "in the middle" by conflicting price i control and agricultural aid pro- i grams. j Cheered by his crowd-packed re- j ception in 13 appearances in Illi- inois and Indiana yesterday, Eisen- hower swung hard against the I Democratic domestic and foreign programs. He said farmers were "caught in the last fall when the Office of Price Stabilization (OPS) threatened to clamp price controls on hogs at the same time the agri- culture department was saying the over-supply of hogs would prevent any price increases. I "As for the Republicans, we will I be Eisenhower said. "Having made a farm program, jwe will not back down and fail." i Eisenhower mixed his bid for the 'farm vote with an attack on Tru- administration foreign poli- 'cics. Eisenhower's invasion of the Mid- west in his serious-minded bid for the presidency evoked cheers from his campaign managers. Many in the Albert Lea crowd i were school children who had been released from classes to see and hear the general. Women in the crowd with babies lifted them up so they could see him. One little girl, Sandra Strout, presented a bouquet to Mrs. Eisen- hower, who accompanied her hus- iband. Shakes Hands Gen. Eisenhower took time to shake hands with several members of the Albert Lea unit of the State Guard, who had been on duty when he spoke at the National Plowing Matches in the Kasson-Dodge Cen- ter area Sept. G and were on duty again today. Eisenhower was introduced by Rep. August Andresen, Red Wing. Also introduced to the crowd were Gov. and Mrs. Anderson, Sen. and Mrs, Edward J. Thye, and Mrs. Eisenhower. Minnesotans who boarded the train in Albert Lea included George Etzell, Republican national com- mitteeman for Minnesota; Mrs. F. Peavey Heffelfinger, national com- mitteewoman; and P. Kenneth Pet- erson, state GOP chairman. As the train pulled out, Eisen- hower called for music from the 65-piece Albert Lea High School band under the direction of Law- I rence J. Emmons. At Owatonna, Eisenhower told a itiainside crowd estimated by Po- jlice Chief Julius Stark at that he is a strong supporter of farm co-operatives. The city's schools were closed for the nominee's visit. "The farm co-operative is the real salvation of the family farm and the family farm is the real salvation of the Republican nominee declared. As he did Monday at the begin- ning of this 12-state whistle stop (Continued on Page 17, Column 3) EISENHOWER Russ Return Vital Railway Red China MOSCOW Soviet Union announced today that it is handing back control of Manchuria's vital Changchun Railway to Communist China this year but that Russia will continue to use the Manchur- ian naval base of Port 190 miles west of Japan signs a peace treaty with the Communists. The new agreement, announced here by the Soviet news agency lass, came at the conclusion of top level Soviet Chinese talks which have been going on here since Aug. 17. The Tass announcement included three important points: 1. The new agreement on Port Arthur, which was occupied by Soviet forces at the end of World War II. Under the 30-year Russian- I Chinese treaty of-friendship signed I in Moscow on Feb. 14, 1950, the 1 Soviets agreed to get out of Port Arthur by the end of 1952. In a note published today Red China's i Premier and Foreign Minister Chou En-lai asked the Soviets to I stay because in the absence of the" Japanese peace treaty with the Communist Powers, "condi- tions have arisen dangerous for peace and favorable for a reitera- lion of Japanese aggression." Economic Questions 2. A communique said that "important political and economic questions concerning the relations" between the two countries were discussed. Details were not given. Under the 1950 pact, Russia grant- ed China 300 million dollars in credits toward the purchase of materials and equipment from the I Soviet Union. Western observers had suggested thai China probably was asking for additional aid be- i cause of her expenses in the (Korean War. I 3. Return of the Changchun Railway by the end of 1952, as provided in the 1950 agreement. A separate communique said the railway would be returned to full (Continued on Page 17, Column 6) RUSS WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Fair and warmer tonight. Wed- nesday fair and warm. Low to- night 52, high Wednesday 80. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 74; minimum, 47; noon, 75; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER Max. temp. 73 at p.m. Mon- day min. temp. 42 at a.m. to- iday. Noon readings, temp. 73; !barometer, 29.87 decreasing: visi- 'bility, 15 miles, skies clear; hu- midity, 69; wind, 8 miles an hour from the northwest. Additional weather on Page 17. ;