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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 14, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Cooler Tonight- Fair Friday VOLUME 50, HO. W FIVE CENTS PEK COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 14, 1950 Football Friday Night on KWNO-FM "TWENTY-FOUR PAGES Discovery Speeds H- TODAY- U. N. Line Holding In Korea By Joseph Alsop Tokyo In this dreary city, with its rancid colonial atmos- phere, it is at least more possible; to take stock than in Korea, where j all attention always agonizingly; centers on this regiment, that bat-j talion, whose fate may be the fate I of the whole defense line. j Taking stock, one must first addj up the dreadful losses and heavy, reverses of the past ten days. Butj then, one must write on the other side of the balance sheet that the situation of the North Koreans must also be very uncomfortable j by now. With the most powerful! effort they have yet nade, thej enemy has failed to drive the Americans and South Koreans from their vital beachheads. Itj wfis touch and go, but the line! has been glued together s.gain at last. Since the North Koreans also! have temporarily expended the largest part of their frontline stocks of heavy equipment and ammunition, our forces ought to be able to come close to restoring the defense perimeter during tie next phase. Moreover, despite the great power massed for it, the ene- my offensive during the past ten days undoubtedly disclos- ed grave North Korean weak- nessea. It took long to pre- pare, as was naturs.1, since most of the and replacements had to be brought to the front by night marches all the long way from Seoni, and even heavy ammu- nition wax transported, In part, by coolie carrier. And the same air isolation of the bat' tlefleld that forced ibe enemy to these hard expedients, also iiad another, even more sig- nificant efftct. During the offensive, great holes Senate Will Change Law To Admit General Marshall Washington The Sen- ate jumped ahead of the House today in the rush to clear the way for General George C. Marshall to re-enter the cab- inet as secretary of defense. There was a chunce the Sen- ate would pass today and the House tomorrow a bill saying that in this one case it is all righ" for a military man to take over a post reserved by law for a civilian. Senate Democratic Leader Lucas of Illinois, predicting easy passage, .looked for a spot in the program to bring the hill up today. Yet some rumblings of oppo- sition rolled up. They were dir- ected not against Marshal! as an individual, nor against his qualifications, but against mak- ing an exception even for him. Some lawmakers said, :oo, it is strange that among 000 Americans there isn't somebody else with enough stature for the job, The President sent Congress a bill yesterday and with it word he belinves that "in view of the present critical circum- stances and of General Mar- shall's unusual it would serve the national in- terest to make an exception in this instance. Without any hearings, the Senate armed services com- mittee okayed the bill imme- diately even before it was infrod'uced in the Senate. The companion House com- mittee put off a decision until Friday. But Chairman Vinson (D.-Ga.) "told reporters it would be approved then and he would bring it up on the floor later in the day. mer n torn In both the American and South Korean lines. Whole regiments were swallowed up. At least one division, the South Ko- rean Capital Division, temporarily disintegrated. But because our air had destroyed his transport, the enemy could not fully exploit these break-throughs. His foot soldiers would pour through the holes, to be sure, but ths armor and artil- lery to support them would come up mere slowly. And before _ _ _ march'ng North Koreans could ef-lting up yesterday an "office of Victor in Close Race lines were drawn today for the November genera! election in Minnesota. It will be Harry H. Peterson, "Democratic Farmer-Laborite, against Governor Luther W. Youngdahl, Republican. The two former supreme court justices were nominated in Tuesday's primary. Youngdahl ijot votes from ol the state's precincts. His four litUe-known opponents got -about Peterson topped a six-man Held. Conferees Rush Action on Red Restriction Bill Senate Ready To Pass Big Funds Grant Cash to Bolster Armed Might of Nation Included By Marvin L. Arrowsmith Washington Senate lead ers predicted speedy passage to- day of a bill providing an estimated in emergency funds to build up America's military might and bolster other nations against Communist aggression. "I think it will clear without any said Senator Lucas the majority leader. Senator Wherry the minority leader, said he looked for ittle controversy. Wherry is a member of the Sen- ate appropriations committee which unanimously approved the bill last night. The measure includes an jmatefl to step up I American's military machine and) for the arming off 'riendly nations. House BP11 Enlarged The committee added about to the emergency bill the House passed August 26 by a vote of 310 to 1. The committee's staff then work- ed far into the night adding up the various increases and preparing a Work Tritium, Element In Explosive, Found in Water This Is A View of Inchon, port city of Seoul, Korea, looking out over its harbor area. The North Korean radio, in a badly garbled broadcast, today appeared to be saying Allied forces had" attempted an amphibious landing there. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Washington New anti-in- led his principal opponent, report on the measure for today's Charles of Brainerd, the I Senate voting. Pending completion i ,-A, i iof this report, only estimates of the '1948 nominee, to m re- were available, turni from precincts. The huge emergency vbill sprang He was one of two members the Communist attack on a slate endorsed by the D-F.L. state convention to win nom-j The bm met almost {ully ination. The other was Truman's original re- Freeman, former D.-F.L. state quest for emergency funds. The chairman, who was nominated for attorney general to oppose Attor- lation steps to slow the continu- ing climb in real estate and, busi- ness loans were reported under consideration by the Federal Re- ssrve board today. One government official sug- jested that the board may attempt !o check, the rapid upsurge in busi- ness loans by increasing bank re- reserve requirements, thereby Navy Attacks Red Bases Near Seoul ney General Bumuist, Republi- passed its bm. "freezing" funds which otherwise i could be loaned. I The board itself took a first step toward using its new powers to restrict mortgage lending by set- Lieutenant Governor C. Elmer Anderson was the apparent victor in a tight nice with State Senator Ancher Nelsen for the G.O.P. nom- ination for governor. Re- turns from precincts gave Anderson and Nelsen U. S. Destroyers Reported Damaged In Engagement By Leif Erickson Tokyo Gun bombardments from Allied warships and strikes by SHoo. 'ito dusk. The new naval action behind lines is geared to the softening-lip pi-sliminaiies for the promised United Nations offensive. The main blows dealt Tues- day and Wednesday and disclosed today .fell on Inchon, port of Both measures provide cash for; new war planes and a wide variety of other military euip- ment. Termed Good Idea Inclusion of for the arming of friendly nations stimu- fect a really deep and devastating penetration, our multitudinous trucks would bring up the Re- serves to halt and contain the ene- my movement. By repeatedly using this ex- pedient, by coolheadedly con- serving his tiny Reserves for the big emergencies, Lieuten- ant General Walton H. Walker saved 'his beachhead from the imminent menace of catastro- phe. It must be added, of course, that if this sort of cy- cle is to continue indefinitely, the beachhead will be gradual- ly nibbled away to nothing, or will be suddenly lost by an -eventual decisive mishap. On the other hand, unless the boasting of the Pentagon is even (Continued on Pajre Column 3) ALSOP Excess Profits Tax Defeated real estate credit" and naming De- troit Banker Charles T. Fish- er, Jr., to head it. An order from the board tight- Murphy Upsets Sheran Frank Murphy upset Robert Sheran, convention endorsee, to win the D.-F.L. nomination for lieutenant governor. Sheran ran third, behind Elmer Pederson. Mike Holm, veteran Republican secretary of state, easily won re- ening up on the terms of private j nomination. His November oppo mortgages is expected soon, in line nent will be Mrs_ A- j McGuire, with "the curbs it has already or- dered on installment credit, effec- tive next Monday. There were hints that one part of the federal tighteninj-up require higher cash ciown will pay- who had Opp0sition for the p L nomtaation Val Bjornson, making his first try at politics, won Republican nomination for state treasurer. plan "sounds like a good idea and might save some money, to say nothing of resulting in a better co-ordinated program of foreign require higher casn oown Fitzgerald won the D.- ments by veterans who buy homes tio Bornson and Proposal with G. I. mortgage guarantees, particularly homes in the price brackets. :i The initial, post-Korea tighten- ing in federal terms merely requir- ed a minimum down payment of five pev cent from applicants for! G, L mortgage guarantees without regard to the cost of the house. Cash down payment require- ments for Federal Housing admin- istration mortgage insurance, also Bjornson and for the office vacated by the 83-year-old Julius Schmahl. Leonard Linduist, a Youngdahl now serving .as chair- e railroad and warehouse stiffened run some in mid-July, now strength as a vote getter as he won Republican nominations fcr both long and short term commis- sionerships, Joe McCarthy led the field for serve board are expected to re- quire high.- down payments, too. Washington An effort to put a corporation ex- cess profits tax into the tax boosting bill failed in the; 1 0 House today. It bogged down in technicalities of rules of pro- cedure. 3-M to Operate Rubber Factory St. Paul The Minnesota Mining Manufacturing Company here last night was awarded a con- Court Opponents Gordon Peterson, former state representative, won the right to oppose Chief Justice Loring in No- vember when he ran second to Loring in a three man field. Theodore Christiansen, who was appointed to the court to succeed will Peterson, ran strongly for his seat doughboys get a Vree can of beer every day at! Uie bench. District the front in Korea. I Nolan will oppose him in Novem- Gensral MacArthur ordered it to- ber- day. Front line troops had been get- Publican ting a can of beer about every three j days. renoniination for her They set up a howl Tuesday when Washington outlawed all free beer for men at the front. tract to reactivate and operate the; Beer for combat troops under federally-owned synthetic rubber ncw wm be paid out of plant at Torrence, Calif. The firm will serve agent for the Federal Rubber Reserve, a division oi' the Reconstruction Finance Corpora- port exchange profits instead of taxpayers' money. To keep ths record straight Major General WiUiam A. Beider- tior.., and the Pacific Rubber Com- ijnden> assistant chief of staff to Up to 750 persons will be employed. Chippewa Indians To Receive Funds Washington The Senate yesterday approved payment of each to members of the Chippewa tribe living on the Red Lake reser- vation in Minnesota. But the bill, providing such payments from the tribal fund, must go back to the House where per capita pay- ments were granted. Senator Cha- vez (D.-N. M.) said he expected General MacArlhur, said the free beer will be for combat men only. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity: Cloudy and cooler tonight. Low 48. Generally fair Friday with higher ai'ternoon temperature. High for day 70. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at. 12 m. today: Maximum, 67; minimum, 51; noon, 67; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow the compromise ngure to an okay in the House. I Additional weather on page 21. F.L. nod. The races for Congress line up like this: First district Representative Augst Andresen, G.O.P., vs. Bur- ton Chambers of Owatonna, D.- second district tive Joseph O'Hara, Representa- G.O.P., vs. Harry Sieben, D.-Fi., unopposed in the primary; third district Rep- resentative Roy Wier, D.-F.L., un- opposed vs. Alfred Lindley, G.O.P., apparent victor in a tight race with Reuben Erickson; fourth dis-j trict, Ward Fleming, G.O.P., vs. Representative Eugene McCarthy, D.-F.L.; fifth district represent-; ative Walter Judd, G.O.P. vs. Mar-j cella Kille; D.F.L.; sixth district; Representative Fred Marshall, D.- F.L. vs. Robert F. Lee, G.O.P.; district Representative Har- old Hagen, G.O.P., vs. Curtiss Ol- son, D-F.L. Results of contests to pick op- ponents for Representative John Blatnik, D-F.L., in the eighth dis- trict, and Representative H. Carl Anderson, G.O.P., in the seventh, were too close to be decisive. channel all foreign aid'-- military and economic through a single government agency. The plan reportedly is drawn up for Mr. Truman's sideration by Gordon Gray, is the area where South Korean marines have been seizing islands ir. commando to har- president of the of North Carolina. Gray heads a group of experts which has been surveying world economic condi- tions at the President's request. The Navy reported 210 miles of the western coastal lowlands area were raked by planes of Navy task force 77, starting Tuesday, while American and British cruisers and destroyers pounded Inchon port. Wherry said the single agency m is '20 mlles inland from In: n "pfMinrtci Mlro i inPQ QTln Senator Ellender (D.-La.) also praised the idea and said he par- ticularly' likes the possibilities for economy. So did Senator Morse chon. The U. N. ground forces com- mander. Lieutenant General Wal- ton H. Walker, told his troops Wed- nesday while the Inchon attack was still in progress that an Al- lied offensive is coming soon. There were signs the general said that the Red crust on the 1125-mile beachhead in the south- 3 U. S. Destroyers Damaged in Attack Washington Three. United destroyers suffer- ed "superficial damage" in the naval bombardment of the Ko- rean port of Inchon, the Nayy said today. A spokesman said reporix from naval headquarters in. the Far East ino'.irated that Amer- ican casualties in the Yellow zea action off Keren were "light." North Korean Commu- nist radio haot said that six American vessels, most of them destroyers, were sunk. The Navy said here it had no report of any troop landing type sh'P ot craft being in- volved ;.n the heaviest surface bombardment of the vital In- chon port area since the be- ginning of hostilities. This was in comment on Communist re- ports, as heard In Tokyo, in- dicating that an amphibious landing had been tried unsuc- cessfully. The spokesman said that ob- viously the North Koreans had improved their shore defenses along the coast leading' to Se- oul, of which Inchon is the port. Temple University Scientists Disclose Find By Howard Blakcslee, Associated Presi Science Editor The .discovery of tritium, the hydrogen bomb ex- plosive, in water, was announced today at 'the Research Institute of Temple University. Tritium present- ly costs nearly a half a billion dol- pound as it is made with atomic reactors. This natural tritium is the rarest element in nature. There IE one atom of tritium for every sextillion atoms of hydrogen in ordinary wa- kind that comes out of your household faucets. Tritium is hydrogen of triple weight. It has been described as essential to the making of H-bombs. The Du Pont Company has been, commissioned to build atomic're- actors presumably to this rare stuff. Tritium is to be used along with double weight hydrogen called deuterium which scientists know as "heavy water." The natural tritium was discover- ed with the spectroscope by W. F. Libbj of the Institute of Nuclear Studies, University of Chicago and A V. Grosse of the Research In- stitute of Temple University. It'is made by cosmic rays bitting nitro- gen in tile air, and changing it into j tritium an atom at a time. Miami, Fla. A dozen men Thjs tritiun, was found in three were under arrest today in what samples of heavy water, one from tie F.E.I, described as an attempt- Norway and t-vo from England. international lottery The Temple discoveries may make it possible to detect the explosion of an H-bomb, if anyone does that F.B.I. Seizes 12 in Lottery Arrests Result From Canadian Police Tip They were picked up in a- series of quick raids' throughout the coun- secretly, try following; a tip from, the Royal Canadian''mounted police. Edmund Mason, special agent in charge of the Miami F.B.I.. office, said the tip came when the moun- ties picked up a taxi driver carry- irg lottery tickets across the Ca- nadian-American border. The-F.B.I, office at Buffalo, N. traced the tickets to Miami, Mason said, and agents here trac- ed them to the Franklin Press, a commercial printing concern. F.B.I. Director J. Edgar Hoover, who announced the arrests in Wash- ington, said the men would be :harged with conspiracy to vio- late the federal law against inter- state transportation of lottery'tick- ets. The maximum penalty is a fine and five years in im- iprsonment. Koover said agents throughout the United States and authorities' in Jamaica and Canada had work-jpioyment security, reported: War Plants Get Top Priority to Employable Men By Sterling F. Green national man- power program began, shaping up today as war plants were given top priority in hiring at the federal-state employment offices. The Labor department, in a spe- cial labor market survey and in art address by its director of em- On the other hand, Senator pej.ilriete'r was breaking. This gusoii (R.-Mich.) said the military! H t and civilian phases of foreign aid (Continued Column ought to be administered separate- KOREA ly, as they are now. 'Vi A Broken Arrow locates the South Korean port of Inchon where a badly garbled North Korean Communist radio jepoit appeared to be saving that Allied forces Rave attempted an amphibious landing. The report said the landing was repulsed. Inchon was a target in the two-day shelling and bombing raid by Allied warships, and car- rier-based planes earlier this week. A broken Sue-outlines the Allied defense perimeter, with arrows locating areas where ground action was reported. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) General Reports U.N. Offensive Ready in Korea By Douglas B. Cornell Washington General Lawton Collins, Army chief staff, pointed today to the United j machines. Nations' corner of Korea and said: "It's as little as it's going to get. You can depend on that.'-' "From now said, "we're going the other The general made the remarks to reporters and photographers, in front of a Korean warfare map, before ciscussing: the Korean situ- ation with the Senate armed serv- ices committee behind closed doors. Senators reported, afterward he gave them an optimistic pic- ture of the outlook at the moment. One committee member, Sena- tor Russell told report- ers it is silly to let the idea build up among the American people and the rest of the world that just because the U. S. is a democracy it won't strike the first blow in the next war. Russell was explaining why he commended Secretary of the Navy Matthews for having said in a Bos- ton speech that "to have peace, we should be willing, and declare our intention to pay any price, ev- en the price of instituting a war, to compel co-operation." The State department jumped on Matthews for this talk along lines of a preventive war. The White House said the speech had not beea cleared there. If the: United States had to strike now, the .senator said, it would have to be with the atom bomb. Russell said, "The first two or three bombs ought to hit the Krem- lin." "I wouldn't want to miss that." ed on the case for six weeks. Mason identified world agent and contact man for the ring as Carl L Bess. Sr., of Stuart, Fla. Bess paid the Franklin Press to print worth of tickets on the Christmas handicap to be run at Kingston, Jamaica, on Decefm- ber Mason said. Bess, formerly of Chicago, was arrested at Stuart where he owns jthe Stuart Hotel Arcade and a [hardware store. He waived prelim iinary hearing and was ordered held' for a federal grand jury in bond. I Others arrested were identified (by the F.B.I, as I "Sam Salone, 42, exclusive agent. I for Canadian sales of tickets, ar- rested in Rochester, N. Y. I Beresford Sylvester B r i g g s Trottman, 39, native of Jamaica, arrested in New York city. Joseph Corbi, 40, arrested in Bal- J timore, Md., where he is a distri- of juke boxes and vending Michael Austerlilz, 39, arrestad at his home in Pittsburgh, Pa, Carl Angelp Rizzo, ?5, arrested at Canton, Ohio. John Melito, 50, arrested at his home in Utica, N. Y. Arthur L. Blaz, arrested at ms home in Beverly Hills, Calif. Seraf-tio Camiolo, 54, described an ex-convict counterfeiter, ar- resied at his home in Rochester, NY. Carl L. Bess. Jr., of San Gabriel, Calif., son of the man arrested at Stuart, Fla., who was picked up by agents in Los.Angeles. Charles Boncore, 47, identified by the F.B.I, as the taxi driver, arrested at his home in Buffalo, N. Y., last night. Wilbur Arthur Brian, 41, Dallas, Texas, oil man arrested at Mar- lin, Texas, and releasted under agents said young 500 bond. The F.BJ. Bess had a quantity of tickets in his house. He was charged the same as the others and released in bond. Mother, 13, Feels ThriHed to Death' Memphis, Tenn. How does it'feel to be a mother at 13? "I'm thrilipd to said Mrs. Charles Ray gave.birth to-a daughter Tuesday night a few hours after reaching her 13th blnhday. 1. Expansion of the labor force can take care of Presi- dent Truman's doubled goals annual rate of defense spending and 000 men under 2, But, if a clU full mo- bilization wez-e to bring 000 men affata under arms, strictly civilian industry would have to jive up one-fourth of its labor supply. It would lose workers. The director of employment se- curity, Robert C. Goodwin, in a speech prepared for a group of in- dustrialists at Wayne university, Detroit, said that manpower "may again become a major problem." He estimated that the country's total labor force at home and in uniform can be expanded to meet the nfeeds of the nine months and could be boosted by in a war emergency. Sut manpower nevertheless will set the ultimate ceiling on iver produc tion. The figure does not in- clude an estimated or 3.- who might be drawn from the ranks of the unemployed, be- cause they are already counted in the labor force. The labor depart- ment said the represents women, youths, retired workers and others who can be lured into jobs. During the present partial mo- bilization, Goodwin said ihe labor department and the co-operating state employment offices have un- dertaken a manpower program with these key points: 1. Expanding the labor force by publicising defense job opportuni- ties, working out recruitment drives, analyzing future labor needs, and steering new plants in- to areas where unused iabor sup- Plies exist. 2. Giving defense plants a prior- ity .claim on job-seekers. This means the local offices will not refer a qualified applicant first to fee civilian factory, no matter how serious its need, if he is needed in a plant worJUag on war orders. 3. "Advising" the military and [selective service on deferment pol- icies which would cause the least possible "industrial disruption" during draft calls and the sum- moning of reservists. Success in meeting the manpow- er problem, Goodwin said, must be based "on an understanding that in time of national -'emergency factory workers can be as indis- pensable as the man in uniform." ;