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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 3, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair, not so Cool Tonight, Warmer Thursday Chiefs vs. Albert Lea 8 o'clock Tonight KWNO AM-FM VOLUME 52, NO. 168 SIX CENTS PER COPr WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 3, J952 SIXTEEN PAGES Hik e icated for 1953 TODAY U.S.Losing Power to Hit Russia By STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON for two huge emergency projects, com- parable to the Manhattan District, are now being carefully received on high government levels. The Manhattan District, as the world remembers, gave this country the first atomic bomb. Yet in many ways, the tasks of these new proj- ects will be even more critically important. The plain, bleak truth is that we now seem to be moving into a revolutionary new world situation. Truman Eager to Go Ail Out in Campaign Storm Grounds anes on Korean Front By MILO FARNETI SEOUL, Korea A tropical By ERNEST B. VACCARO WASHINGTON Truman looked forward eagerly .to- day to his next ''whistle stop" tour after his first strenuous, nine- speech, two-day stumping trip for Adlai Stevenson, whom he called a "wonderful candidate." So enthusiastic was the President over his reception at rear plat- form talks in West Virginia yesterday that he assured crowds he is already thinking of campaigning for the Democrats again in 1956. Truman's scheduled dedication of the Hungry Horse Dam in Western Montana Oct. 1 likely will turn into another, longer ''give 'em hell" I tour of the interior by train. And jhe is ready to Iteep his special train running after that right up until election time. It's up to the Democratic Na- tional Committee to pick up the check, as it did on the Labor Day trip to Milwaukee, from which the President returned last night out- wardly confident that the cost was jrevuiuuuiidit new HUHU Biuiauun. i worthwhile. The committee paid By 1954, in the opinion of many of storm grounded U. M. warplanes transportation indu5ing and lashed jniantrymen on 10 first-class tickets for his bullet- Ike Drawing Huge Crowds In Florida Followers Claim Signs of Break In 'Solid South' the leading governmental experts, the Soviet Union have the i the Korean battlefront with up to proof private car and 30 minutes power to deliver a crippling atom- inches of rain. ic attack upon American targets. U. S. Fifth Air Force headquar- while we shall no longer have the ters reported only weather recon- power to retaliate in kind. The pur- 1 naissance planes took off. pose of the new projects, if they j Allied fighter-bombers bombed are launched, will be tc prevent j an airfield Tuesday near Sinanju this fearful new situation from I which the Fifth Air Force said the arising. Communists were rebuilding. The Two projects are needed because Sinanju field lies about 15s miles there are two problems. First, this north of the Western Front and country must be provided with an: would give Red jet pilots u--- effective air defense. And, second, of our waning retaliatory air striking of radio network time. Truman opened up on Gen. Dwight D, Eisenhower, the Repub- lican presidential nominee. At Mil- waukee he called him the "lonely, captive candidate" of GOP "spe- cial interests." Truman said one of Eisenhow- er's said he referred to John Foster a base I '-js perfectly willing to have the Pilots reported 70 direct bomb power must be restored. Slow, un- noticed changes have produced hits on the runway. They did not see any Red planes, the Air Force battered Seoul during story of what has happened to our; retaliatory striking power. In 'Air Gap' {Republican party and the Republi- can candidate say things that in- crease the risk of war, simply in order to get votes." The President called this "cruel, gutter politics." .....__......___________________ Dulles, asked to comment by a gusts reached" a velocity "of about j reporter in New York, said: 69 miles an hour. in this respect we have prob- A 5 Ejghth Amy staff offjcer ably already entered 'the air Communist probes and patrols their wires crossed." "Last week in a debate with me, Mr, Averell Harriroan, speaking for the Democratic party, said that as the planners call the once; have increased across the front jour Republican program of libera- theoretical period when the air- j the past Uvo days. He said the tion had been 'cribbed' from Demo-, nnd-atomic balance between the Reds probed 13 times across the cratic policies. Now President Tru-1 United Stat'-s and the Soviet Union'front at Bunker Hill, Old Baldy I man says that liberation is 'gutter- would to change sharpiy. Hill, the Pukhan Rivet, Heartbreak I politics.' I wonder whether they got In brief, it is an open secret that; Ridge and the Punchbowl, the operational B-3Ss and other air- craft of our strategic air force do not constitute an unlimited air armada. They are numbered, in fact, in the very low hundreds. On the oth- er hand, estimates of probable av- erage losses of these planes in missions against Soviet targets are now being continuously revised up- wards. There is considerable dis- pute about percentages of loss, with the air planners themselves on the optimistic side. But seem- ingly well reasoned forecasts place the losses at between 30 and 50 per cent of aircraft per mission, j Quite aside from the effect of such losses on pilot morale and ef-1 ficiency. lossos anywhere near. these figures will obviously leave us with too few weapons for the job. The big planes and their high- ly trained crews cannot be replac- By DON WHITEHEAD MIAMI, Fla. IJ1 D. Eisenhower's sweep across Dixie i was booming in such spectacular fashion today that it posed the question of just how solid the Democratic South will be in the November election. The GOP presidential nominee j was drawing huge crowds at every stop along his campaign route. (But none could say whether it was due to personal charm or po- litical appeal or a combination of the two. About 150.000 persons turned out to greet Eisenhower yesterday in j Atlanta, Ga., Jacksonville, Fla., i and here in Miami. There were prospects of more big turnouts today in Tampa, Fla., Birmingham, Ala., and Little Rock, Ark. the last stops on his two-day, journey from New York through the South. The thousands who heard Eisen- hower speak burst into cheers and rebel yells when he accused the Truman administration of trying to cover up a "mess" of crime and corruption. Cheer General They cheered when he called for "common woodshed honesty" in government, and deplored the "whole sordid story" of corruption in the Bureau of Internal Revenue. They applauded heavily when he said it wasn't enough to "change a face or" two" in the adminis- tration and that: "No change of goods in the showcase can make tin rotten goods back in the ware- ho' t1 any better." And the harder he whiplashed Warned To Avoid Flying Over Kasson Site ST. PAUL L. Schroed- er, state commissioner of aero- nautics, today warned pilots and aircraft owners to avoid flying over scene of the National Plowing Con- test, near Kasson and Dodge Center, Friday and Saturday. Schroeder said an aeronau- tics regulation prohibits pilots from flying over an open-air assembly of persons at alti- tudes of less than feet or closer than feet horizon- tally from the highest obstacle on the ground. The department of aeronau- tics will patrol the area, Schroeder said. Airports are available for persons coming to the contest at Dodge Center, Rochester and Owatonna. Adlai Silent On Attack on Illinois Record By RELMAN MORIN SPRINGFIELD, 111. Gov. Adlai Stevenson, drafting a major speech on farm policy, made no immediate reply today to a direct attack on his record in office in I Illinois, and there were no indi-l cations that he planned an answer. I His strategy, a campaign lieuten- ant said, will be to ignore Repub- lican accusations and concentrate on a series of "foundation speeches" to set forth his views on what he considers the major is- sues, Stevenson's assistants had no comment on a speech last night by Sen. Everett M. Dirksen of Illi- nois before the Federation of Illi- nois Women's Republican Clubs. Straining At Its Anchor, the largest known unmanned balloon was launched early today at New Brighton, Minn. The bailoon was to bear cosmic ray detecting instruments some 23 miles up, but holes developed in the fragile plastic and the instrument load was taken off. It was decided to release the balloon anyway for the launching experience. The big bag was constructed for the Office of Naval Research to better study cosmic rays. Shown is the upper 100 feet of the balloon, which was 287 feet long, or 18 stories. The tiny one at the right was the wind-detecting balloon. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Big Balloon Lands On Lake City Farm The Republican senator speaking! LAKE cm, Minn.-ScienWc instruments, a parachute and pieces within a stones throw of the gov-jQ{ world-s iargest unmanned balloon showered down on surprised Council Begins Consideration Of New Budget Increase May Be Necessary For All Divisions By ADOLPH BREMER City Editor, Republican-Herald The City Council took its first look at the 1953-54 tax budget Tuesday night, blink- ed incredulously several times and went home for shock treatment. If the tax budget is passed as proposed, it'll mean that the city of Winona taxpay- ers will be paying about 25 per cent more in taxes than they are paying this year. That 25 per cent it's nothing more than that at this all taxes, for city, and state purposes. The actual city tax budget, when it's finally approved Oct. 6. may be higher, but likely it will be about the same or somewhat lower. Here's the way things shape up right now (approximations for 1952-53 1953-54 S [State j County School City Special Assessments 711, Wl ernor's office in Springfield, as serted: icans Lead In House Contests By PRINCETON RESEARCH SERVICE Kenneth Fink, Director PRINCETON, N. of the latest nation-wide '.'trial heat" of voter preference conducted by Princeton Research Service's United Slates Poll show Republican candidates for the House of Representa- tives running ahead of Democratic candidates by the narrow margin of 2 per cent. Todav's survey results are of special significance because they ed at any such rates as these If, w jndication nr Insc arp in inrt tn such rates of loss arc in fact to j be inflicted on us, the task of crip-! pling the Soviet Union by rctalia tory air attack cannot out. Fear Heavy Losses formerly the basic strengths of the parties in the na- Eisenhower be cS ti0n t0day' as Dwlg oe cameo. ,and Adlai Stcvenso; into i GOP presidential candidates has run behind the national vote for Congress. For example, in 194S, Dewey ran one per cent behind the enson swin all-out" campaigning. national Republican vote for Con A comparison of today's national j gress {The GOP nationai con- ,ote for congressmen with the prnssinnal vote was 4fi T ner rent- theoretical loss estimates are now actual congressional vote in tne last 453 pe- cent of three presidential election years, j the total vote In 1944i D'ewey ran Per cent behind the national vote for Congress; in 1940, 9 per cent behind; seeking to be theoretical are both plain and First, the So- viets, whose targets are almost all ctnmtry is stronger today than it very remote from their frontiers. was in November of 1940, 1944, are organizing a complex and 194Sj However, the GOP edge over j powerful air defense in depth. Sec- ond, they now have an estimated the Democrats at the present timejhind; and jn 1932_ Hoover ran the Democratic leadership in Washington, the better his listen- f, ers seemed to like it, if their ap-1 IIIlMls Ieads a11 ln plause was any measure. I the union for the gambling racket. Eisenhower hammered at cor-! When it comes to cleaning up cor- ruption in government on this first jruption, I m not very much im- drive into the South and he made i Pressed by Stevenson's record, it clear he had crossed the Mason- j jt was the most concerted attack Dixon Line with hopes the South I to be leveled at Stevenson since would support him in November. I he became the Democratic candi- He wound up his first day's tour date for the presidency, speaking to a record or A mcmber of his staff saicii .-r more persons at the bay front doubt jf he evgn what Dirk. park last night, the largest crowd ever to hear any candidate speak in Miami. Other thousands had cheered him on his drive into the city and to Miami Beach, The crowd was chanting "We want Ike" as he stepped onto a brilliantly lighted platform and tore into the administration which in Jacksonville he had called a leadership of "stutnblv, fumble and fall." Promises Program He read from a prepared text in which he promised that in the days to come he would outline the poli- cies he would follow on problems of peace, inflation, labor, agricul- ture and cleaning corruption from government. sen said, let alone making any plans to reply." Instead of answering Republican attacks, Stevenson will concentrate on "getting the ountry acquainted with his one of his aides said. The defense of tile Democrat- ic administration will be left main- ly to President Truman, for the time being at least, his head- quarters indicated. The governor already has pre- sented his views, in New York, on civil rights, and in came out against the Taft-Hartley Here's what can happen to darken or brighten the prospect for the city's taxpayers: State The 1953-54 figure is a guess, but the actual levy will be in that vicinity. County The county tax budget has been set; the figures for both, years are based on the city's share of the bill, computed on current valuations: 55.5 per cent. School This tax budget has been set by the Board of Education with the aproval of the City Coun- cil. City This is the only one of the four categories not yet established 'for farmers in a two-mile square area nine miles south of here at a.m. It was the end of an experiment which began at New Brighton, Minn., 1% hours earlier when scientists launched a towering 18-story balloon from an airfield near the FL'oOD Included" in the pro- Twin Cities, airplane, the parachute and parts) posai js sjgj.gss for construction Mrs, Alvm Strick, wife of a far- balloon all at the same] of tne Mississippi River dike. Bids mer on whose farm the scientific! time." The airplane lanfled in a wjn be opened this coming Monday. instruments fell, said the balloon1 was blasted to shreds by a pre-set explosion. A parachute was releas- ed by the blast which lowered two __ bags containing the research in-j to be made of a "white nylon ma-j S1f6i000 flood bili jncurred last struments. terial." April. Since that bill has actually The woman said she did not] The woman said she was told byi been paid out and un- know the content of the bags, of the flying party field "very near" the parachute, wnen actual cost will be nearly she indicated. 1 ascertained. There is a possibility Mrs. Strick described the balloon i that the city may float an em- s "all white." She said it appeared j ergency bond issue to pay the n Virt rrtiAa O Tivlnn TY1H cm T n the Associated Press reported the blast which released the parachute baloon was designed to carry cos-1 was set to explode at feet, mic ray recording equipment aloft.) The "Giant Skyhook" developed Mrs. Strick said the parachute] several holes during inflation and containing the instruments ended] the "pay load" of scientific instru- up draped over a fence separating] ments was at first reported to have the Strick fram from a farm owned] been cut off entirely, by Henry Prigge. Parts of the bal-j it was set free at a. m., loon settled on the George Dose CST, and was timed to fall in about farm across the road, and more two hours. It moved in an easter- of it landed on the James Danck- jy direction and then turned south. "Donald T. Melton, in charge of is so slight that GOP leaders can-1 Der f force of modern jet uuerccp-: not comfort from it. T Ir _. _ tors, mostly MIG-15s to form the; United States Poll reporters per- 2' Last week s United States Poll backbone of this defense. Third, the I sonally asked an accurate cross- experience of our B-29s against the section of the nation's voters: "If MIGs in Korea, has indicated the' the elections for Congress were effectiveness of the Soviet air de- j being held today, which party fense against the type of offcn- j would you like to see win in this sive operations which hitherto contemplated. Night attacks at high we have Republican or the Demo- The following table shows altitude j the results nationally among those have" always, thus far, been the who had an opinion on the above main reliance of our strategic air j question, or who, if ptoaners. But a quirk of the world stated toward which party they Stevenson 46.5 per cent. for this newspaper showed Eisen hower running ahead of Stevenson by a margin of seven per cent. The results of the second nation wide "trial heat" as reported last Sunday were: Eisenhower 52.5 per cent; Stevenson 45.5 per cent; Un- decided 2 per cent. With the "Un decided" vote eliminated, the vote would be Eisenhower 53.5 per cent; From the above it can be seen that Eisenhower is running per cent ahead of his party vote for Congress; whereas Stevenson is weather pattern causes the cloud "leaned." cover to lie very Sow over the NATION-WIDE whole Soviet land mass at least) Republicans 51% 90 per cent of the time. Nine days Democrats and nights out of ten, there are! A comparison of today's findings running 2.5. per cent behind, no clouds in the hisher'atmosphere with others reported last May by Should Eisenhower continue to run over the Soviet Union, where our the United States Foil, shows that ahead of his party's congressional strategic aircraft have been de- i there has been little change since vote, his chances for victory would fly most efficiently. The tnat time. be considerably enhanced, speeds of our planes are not great! whcn today's results are stacked enough to evade the JUG-iSs.1" And j "P alongside the national con- the Korean experience has shown j Sessional vote in 1940, 1944, and that the JUG can be directed bv i IMS-all presidential election years ground radar to any enemy plane riot protected by cloud cover, al- though the MIG lacks built-in searching and finding radar. In addition, after long denials, our air planners are at last begin- ning to admit that the Soviets are producing a true nightfighter. with its own searching and finding radar to complement the ground control radar. For all these rea- sons, the existing, almost univer- sal complacency about our retalia- tory striking power threatens to become a total illusion. Maybe, as assort. trend looks like this: I NATIONAL CONGRESSIONAL VOTE j Demo- Repub- cratic lican 1940 53.1% 1944 52.2% 47.8% 1948 53.7% 44.3% May, 1952 (U.'S. 50.0% 50.0% July, 1952 (U. S. Poll) 49.96% 50.04% Aug., 1952 (U. S. 49.5% 50.5% Today 49.0% 57.0% Today's national poll for Con- gress does show, however, that unless Eisenhower does run sub- stantially ahead of his party this November, his chances as yet are still no better than 50-50. Portuguese Announce Development Program LISBON, Portugal Wl The Portuguese government announced last night a 13Vi> billion escudero (472Vis million dollar) six-year de- velopment plan to help free the country from her age-long depend- ence on foreign producers. ifwoy UU 1U1 Clgll plUUUUC13. The results of today's poll on The plan calls for expansion of the air planners assort, we can congressional voter preference are existing industries and the devel- still do a lot of damage today, but j Of particular significance for the I opment of new ones both at home the power we have now is a reasons. and in Portugal's overseas terri- ly wasting asset. j j. since 1932, each one of the'tories. wart farm about miles north. Following the balloon in its free small aircraft carry- Act, advocating a broad new labor ing scientists from the New Brigh- law to replace it. ton project. Mrs. Strick said, "We The farm policy speech comes heard an explosion when the dyna next, his campaign leaders said. mite went off. Then we expended funds, the money from such a bond issue could be used to finance the dike cost. No money is in the proposed tax budget to reimburse the various funds for the since the city is hoping that the Minnesota Disaster Relief Commission, with, state and federal funds available, will refund a major portion of that amount. That is just a hope. Also in the proposal is for cleaning of the Lake Winona the unprecedented launching, said j dilch_ suppiemenls a new "Giant Skyhook" mil be con- j 000 appr0priaicd this year for structed, but it will take at least out the adjoining Burns several months. Valley Creek ditch. That work has not yet been contracted, of strips of fragile polyethelene j SALARIES The fire depart- Melton said the balloon, made plastic with a total area of about i mcnt and police depart- two acres, was frankly only ex-1 ment budgets include a perimental to determine if such i S20 a raonlh boost effective a thing could be successfully han- t Mav 2 f the [wo d rt_ died. While holes appeared m the employe but other balloon while it was being inflated departmenta] budgels have not with helium and no instruments adjusted for afcny possible Weddings In A Rustic Canoe and in a chilly cave 60 feet underground topped the romantic side of the Minnesota Labor Day weekend. Carolyn Raaum and Guide Lee R. Perdue are pictured at the left being married by Judge James Creech on East Bearskin Late in the north woods country. On the right Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Gile of Roches- ter, Minn., leave Mystery Cave, Spring Valley, Minn. Their 25 wedding guests shivered in 47-de- gree temperature. (AP Wirepboto to The Repub- lican-Herald) were carried, the launching itself was called successful by Melton. Holes in Balloon Melton said that excessive hand- ling may have caused the holes. The balloon had been laid out in preparation for launching last week but had to be put back into a box when winds arose. The big transparent bag, made by General Mills, Inc., for the Of- fice of Naval Research, was physi- cists' latest attempt to get up high predicted 23 stay there long 24 thoroughly study cosmic rays, a still puzzling source of energy. Anderson Asked To Probe King Bribery Charge ST. PAUL Koscie H. Marsh, Democratic Fanner Labor can- didate for nomination as secretary of state, today called on Gov. An- derson and Attorney General Burn- quist to investigate an alleged at- tempt to bribe State Auditor Staf- ford King to withdraw from the gubernatorial race. King is seeking the Republican nomination. ary hikes. Should all city employes get a increase next May 1, another would be added to the tax budget. Most departmental budgets are up, at the minimum, to compen- sate for an aproximate a month increase granted last May 1 which bad not been budgeted. The fire department budget in- cludes salaries for four more fire- men; the police budget for one more detective. FEDERAL HOUSING In the (Continued on Page 3, Column 7.) TAX HIKE WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and and not so cool tonight. Partly cloudy and warmer Thursday. Low to- night 50, high Thursday 76. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 66; minimum, 44; noon, 66; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (CAA Observations) Max. temp. 70 at noon, min. 41 at a. m. Noon clear, visibility 15 miles, wind 15 miles from southwest, humidity 82 per cent, barometer 30.11. Additional weather on Page 13. ;