Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 1, 1953, Winona, Minnesota
Thundershowers Tonight, Cooler Late Wednesday Dial 3322 To Place Your Want Ad VOLUME 53, NO. 166 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 7, 1953 SIXTEEN PAGES Sky Rocket Takes Man To Altitude LOS ANGELES Marine Corps ace has coasted to a new unofficial altitude record of feet in the Douglas Skyrocket D558-2. Lt. Col. Marion Eugene Carl, 37, of Wuantico, Va., told a press con- ference yesterday he zoomed up to the new high Aug. 21, climbing the final 1V-; miles on momentum after exhausting pounds of fuel in a little less than three minutes. Pointed up at a 30 to 40-degree angle, the rocket plane shot up at probably miles an hour at its fastest rate. The new mark exceeds by nearly a mile the record set in the same aircraft Aug. 15, 1951, by Douglas test pilot Bill Bridge- man. Bridgeman also established a world, speed record of miles an hour in the D558-2. Col. Carl, credited with 18 Japa- nese planes during World War II, plans to try tomorrow to exceed Bridgeman's speed mark. He has made two tries in the past few days and failed. He described his record altitude flight: "The Skyrocket was dropped from the belly of a B29 Super- fortress at an altitude of about feet. I had a little trouble lighting the first two of the four rockets and dropped to feet before I started climbing. "The sky was a little darker near Jhe top of the climb. There was a greater contrast between sunlight and shadow. "I was perfectly comfortable in the pressurized cabin and in my pressure suit. The outside tegper- ature was minus 70 at and minus 5.7 and 58 at The aircraft coasted ovtr the crest of its climb and headed down, gliding for about eight minutes before being landed at 150 m.p.h. on a long dry lake runway at Edwards Air Force Base on the Mojave Desert near here. America's Three Too Fliers and the only ones who have flown the new Douglas Skyrocket got together in Los Angeles Monday to meet the press after the Navy announced that one of them, Marine Lt. Col. Marion E. Carl, center, had set a new altitude record of feet on Aug. 21. Bill Bridgeman, left, holds the previous record of feet and also holds the present speed mark of miles an hour. Scott Crossfield, right, a veteran NACA pilot who has made 39 flights in the Skyrocket, briefed Carl before every flight and flew in the mother ship for last minute checks. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) TODAY Looking Back at Policies By STEWART AL50P is sometimes instructive to take a pause for breath, and to compare what we have done .with what we hoped to do. In the autumn of 1950, when Deau G. Acheson pounded on table in the Waldorf-Astoria in New York, and demanded the re- armament of Western Germany, Legion Lays Aside Work for 10-Hour Convention Parade ST. LOUIS American Legion thrust aside national con- vention conflicts and routine today to parade for hours through down- town streets. For many Legionnaires it was the highlight of the four-day an- nual chance to display colorful uniforms replete with even more colorful decorations. It was the day for everyone to have a good time. Put aside for the day were the expected floor fights over the oro- posed Air Force budget cuts and this nation's participation in the troduced attacking the United Na- tions in varying degrees. One, calling for outright U. S. withdrawal from the international body, came before the Ohio dele- Russia Sets Off Another Atomic Bomb Rays of Explosion Picked Up by U. S. Scientists rea Heat Wave for Nation WASHINGTON UP) Russia has produced another atomic explosion, the government announced last night, and evidence thus far avail- able to U. S. experts indicates it was not a hydrogen blast although perhaps of considerable power. The date was Aug. 23, the Atom- ic Energy Commission statement .said, and "the explosion was in the same range of energy release as our recent Nevada tests, and would appear to be part of a ser- ies." "If this proves to be the the commission added, "no further announcement will be made unless intelligence indicates information of greater interest." There were blasts of varying power in the 11-shot series which the United States conducted last spring at its proving ground in the Nevada desert, and to which the AEC compared the latest Russian effort. The last one, on June 4, was generally described as the largest atomic explosion ever to be set off in the United States proper. It was estimated to be the equivalent of tons of TNT or about 25 times as powerful as the bomb dropped on Hiroshima. Effects of the 0 S. blast June 4 were seen or felt up to 500 miles from the test site. This was the second U. S. dis- closure in less than two weeks that the Russians had produced an atomic explosion. The earlier one on Aug. 19, seven days after it occurred, gave a measure of offi- cial American confirmation to Moscow's claim that Russian sci- entists had touched off a of ivdrogen bomb. The AEC said then there was evidence of both fission and ther- monuclear reactions, the latter be-1 ng a scientific term for the intense heat produced in the fusion proc- j ess of the hydrogen bomb. j Last night's announcement spoke only of "a fission explosion n Russian territory." Convention- al A-bombs made from uranium employ the fission, or atom-split-! ment stepped in. today to try to head off a railroad strike planned for Sept. 10, possibly the first of a With The Temperature in the 90'S for the eighth consecutive day and the city sweltering in the worst heat wave of the year, this picture of the Latsch public bathing beach was taken at 11 a.m. today. Number of the heat the beach is closed. outdoor municipal swimming pool easily accessible in the Lake Winona area which will be open during the season's hottest weather and until school resumes. Members of the City Council, considering a new budget, should set up a fund for such an improvement. gravel pits west of the city were crowded this afternoon. (Republican-Herald photo) Government Trying to Head Off Rail Strike WASHINGTON govern- Vice President Richard M. at the time. This changed policy was based on a series of entirely logical assumptions, which had been made, not in the State De- partment, but in the Pentagon. These were: First, the Korean aggres- sion demonstrated that the Soviets were willing to risk a world war. Second, the Soviets would have a decisive stockpile of atomic weapons by the period 3953-54. This was to be the "time of greatest danger." Third, if at this time the Sov- iets still hsd the power to over- run all the European contin- ent, the balance of world pow- er would shift decisively in fa- vor of the Kremlin. Fourth, a solid defense of Western Europe must there- fore be built. And fifth, no such defense was possible without the parti- cipation of Western Germany. This was the logic which led Dean Acheson to pound on the ta- ble in 1950. But consider, what has happened, since the attempt was made to translate this impeccable logic into practice. The scaled-down post-1950 goal called for a French army of at least 28 standing divisions by 1953- 54. The French actually have in Europe 14 divisions, of which at least six remain wholly or partly on paper. French plans call for a reduction, rather than an increase, in military spending. The same tendency exists in all Western European countries, including Great Britain. Original Timetable The original Pentagon timetable called for a German "military con- tribution" within 18 months oi Acheson's table-pounding. Now almost three years later, it will be a miracle if such a German (Continued on Pane 4, Column 1.) ALSOPS a Fire Destroys Elevator MILTON. Wis. destroy- ed the Milton Feed Co. elevator Monday night. For a time it was feared the flames would jump to the Milwau- kee Road depot and a nearby lum- beryard, but the fire companies from Milton, Milton Junction and were able to conirol the blaze. An estimate of damage was sot available immediately. LalliG UtJ.fi. t, HJti wJiiw uvjn- i gation but was voted dov.n by that United Nations. Those issues prob- j ably will come up tomorrow. i I A former national commander of A sprinkling of notables, mclud- the Legion, Donard R. Wilson of Clarksburg, W. Va., put into words the feeling rf some delegates yes- terday. "Make sure that it (the United Nations) -doesn't eventually give away your children, your rights, your citizenship and your he said in a speech. He didn't advocate American the parade to take 10 hours TO pass. Traffic in the area was blocked off and streetcars and buses to the downtown area rerouted. In addition to the veterans uni- formed groups of the Lesion Aux- iliary and Sons of the Legion took I withdrawal from the U. N., but part. Also marching were units of I said the Legion should make sure the Army. Navy, Air Force, Ma rine Corps, Coast Guard and Na- tional Guard. Military planes flew overhead at intervals. Three hundred bands and drum and bugle corps supplied the mus- ic. Each of the 4S state departments had delegations in the parade. Also represented were department from Canada, Mexico, Fr.mce. It- aly, Puerto Rico, Canal Zone, Hawaii and the Philippine Island. Several resolutions have been io- the American people learn that you cannot fight a war by air- conditioned committees made up of people who either are not Amer- ican or are anti-American." Nixon yesterday defended the ad- ministration's cut in Air Force funds, an issue criticized in anoth- er resolution submitted to the Le- gion executive committee. He told the delegates the fund cuts meant "no interruption, no lag and no setback in aircraft production." series of forthcoming rail walkout threats. Today's meeting called by the National Mediation Board concerns only a dispute between the car- riers and the Conductors Union, but all the major rail unions are drawing up new demands. mg, process. There was no immediate word from Moscow on the latest test. a France Winning Effort to Block Morocco in U.N. UNITED NATIONS. N.Y. France needed the support of only one more Security Council member today to block consideration of the touchy Moroccan situation. Three countries Colombia, Chile and have not yet announced their position. AS the 11-nation body prepared to continue its discussions today, France, Britain and the United __________ States were lined up opposing the j been under'a moratorium against Arab-Asian demands that the issue making new labor cost demands on be added to the council's agenda. carriers. This ban, which un- Greece has announced it will previous agreements has ap- I plied to some workers for nearly But the heat wave that reached a climax at 98 degrees Monday aft- ernoon will probably be an unpleas- ant memory for some time to come. The reading was five degrees j below the city's high for the sum- The member Conductors (103 on June 19) but it was Union scheduled its walkout abo COOLER BY WEDNESDAY Winonans Swelter In 98-Degree Heat Possible relief from the 90-degree heat that has plagued Winona for the last eight days is contained in the Weather Bureau's forecast for late Wednesday. Local showers and cooler temperatures were predicted while the mercury soared to 93 at noon today. Engineers' and firemen already have such a pay system. The mediation board called in representatives of the union and of railroad associations to try to get lain- Last night, when the tempera jture locally fell to 76, it was still warmer than the night's dip in all of those cities and the New York temperature. New York had a Flood Dangers Subsiding in South Texas ROBSTOWN, Tex. W-Flood dan- More Hot and Humid Weather In Prospect Week-Long Spell Of Scorching Heat Causes Many Deaths By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS More hot and humid weather was the immediate outlook for swelter- :jng millions from the Rockies eastward to the Atlantic Coast. There was no heavy rainfall in prospect for at least a couple of if not longer. The week-long spell of desert- like weather was blamed for scores of. deaths. Hundreds of persons were overcome by the heat. The oppressive weather also brought a slow-down in business and industry. Thousands of work- ers in offices and factories were sent home yesterday as the mer- cury edged toward the 100 degree mark. New Records Heat records for the date, as well as for the month of August, were broken in many cities. Tem- peratures in some sections tne swelter-belt have hit D5 or higher every day for the last week. The Weather Bureau reported readings of 90 or higher from all states east of the Rockies yester- day, But the mercury soared above 100 in many places. Many cities have had no heavy rainfall in weeks, Several have reported water shortages, and use of water has been restricted. Some of the hottest spots yester- day: Hagerstown, Mfi., 107 the highest reading in 23 years; Fred- ericksburg, Va., 106, top mark in 61 years; Gordonsville, Va., Ports- mouth, Ohio, 105; Pierre, S.D., and Presidio, Tex., 103; Richmond, Va., 102; Philadelphia, Louisville, Ky., Moline 111., Frederick, Md., Bis- 'N.D., 101. It was steaming weather in the nation's metropolitan areas. Chi- cago baked under a blazing all- day sun with a record 99. New York's millions felt just as wilted although the mercury was a few degrees lower. It was 100 in St. Louis and Be- the strike called off pending ef- reading of 100 during the day. forts to work out a solution. M 63 n while ncsrlv 3 score of other rail unions are planning to Monday while most of Southern) shelters again last night as health j __ make new demands for pay raises Wisconsin was struggling through authorities gave typhoid mocula-j straight day over 90, its longest hot Winona was also hotter than La Crosse, Wis., which had a high of today but threats of disease ling- ered after 10 days of south Texas cloudbursts. Thousands forced from their homes remained in emergency in 98 in Kansas City, Columbus, Ohio, Memphis, and Cincinnati; 97 in Boston, Detroit, Indianapolis and Charlotte, N. C. A 54-year-old record of 92 degrees was broken in Albany, N.Y., which reported Elmira's 94 marked the fifth and other benefits. Practically all the unions have the eighth consecutive day of 90. plus temperatures. stain. Althou, have said they four member countries I three years, expires Oct. 1. support the Swinging Down A Broad St. Louis Street this morning ad- vance units of the 10-liour American Legion parade got into ac- tion. In the forefront are parade officials and a color guard. The temperature was over 90 and headed for the 100 mark by midaftcrnoon. For many it was the big day of the 35th national convention. Spectators hung on building cornices. There were on hand for the opening marchers. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) demands, the proposal appeared headed for defeat. Seven affirma- tive votes are needed to put it across, so even one more absten- tion would stymie council action. The 15 Arab-Asian nations The conductors contend their contract allows negotiation on their graduated pay rate demand despite the moratorium, but the carriers disagree and have declined to ne- gotiate on the issue. Some indication that the unions charge the recent removal of the j are angling for a fat settlement Moroccan Sultan by France fall came from the Brother- ened international peace. France hood of Railroad Trainmen contends that the administration of j biggest of the "operating unions" Morocco is a purely internal affair whose members work on moving and no concern of the U.N. j trains. The four council members sup-1 The'BRT's 14-man Wage-Rules porting the Arab-Asian demand are Committee, meeting in Cleveland, TVTo tmnalifrf fViinn TTn_ n t n Nationalist China, the Soviet Un- ion. Pakistan and Lebanon. 440 Slated to Die In Traffic Mishaps Over Long Weekend CHICAGO (B--The National Safe- ty Council estimates that 440 per- sons will be killed in traffic acci- dents in the United States over the Labor Day weekend. The council expects a record 40 million: vehicles, on the highways during the period from 6 p. m. next Friday until midnight Mon- day, Sept. 7. Knowland Visiting Allied Prisoners FREEDOM VILLAGE, Korea (m William F. Knowland (R- Calif) visited this Allied war pris- oner processing center today and chatted with a California airman freed only this morning. "We are glad to have you the Senate majority leader told 1st Lt. John D. Bryant, 31, of Baldwin Park, Calif. The senator is on a five-day visit in Korea. has just recommended that the un- ions shoot for a pay boost of 47Vi cents an hour, equal to a day, and also seek longer vacations. The 15 unions in the "nonopera- ting" group, claiming over a mil- lion members, are preparing new demands too. They already are trying to negotiate a "health-welfare fund, improved vacation and holi- day provisions and other benefits. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and cloudiness tonight with local show- ers late tonight or early Wednesday followed by cooler late Wednesday or Wednesday night. Low tonight 72, high Wednesday 86. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 98; minimum, 75; noon, 93; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observation) Max. temp. 94 at a.m. to- day. Low 77 at a.m. today. Skies clear, visibility 15 miles with wind from the south-southwest at 12 miles per hour. Barometer 29.94 steady and humidity 46 per cent. tions and warned residents of this j stretch on record, wide Gulf Coast area near Corpus j gome There was some temporary re- One of the "hot spots" in Winona Christi to boil drinking water __ _ was the monotype shop in the) .Yester _ day j lief in sections Of the Great Lakes Republican-Herald plant, where James Kubicek reported the ther- mometer rose to 123 degrees Mon- day. More heat is contained in the files of the old papers, which re- ported a Sept. 4 reading 75 years ago as "92 degrees in the shade scorcher for September." Farm Plans Inadequate, Benson Says MINERAL SPRINGS, S. C. (.'Pi- Secretary of Agriculture Benson said today government farm pro- grams give the farmer too little income and too little security, yet at the cost of too much dependence upon Washington. "I am sure you agree with me that we should not pile up huge excesses of food in storage when it could, and he should, said, go into 'that we since last Thursday that heavy downpours skipped this flood- plagued city and nearby Sinton. More than were chased from their homes during the downpours. Robstown city officials said it would be some time before the city is free of flood waters. A lake almost three miles wide cir- cled the greatest part of the city's outskirts. The main residential dis- trict and the business district was slowly drying out last night. Health officials said that since flood waters covered about pit privies in the town's outskirts that all flood water must be assumed to be contaminated. Mayor Dudley Dunlap of Robs- town said no damage -estimate was available. Although the heavy rains skipped Robstown and Sinton yesterday, the heaviest in nine years flooded Uvalde in the goat-and-honey coun- try west of San Antonio. Rain in Uvalde's city limits measured up to 6 inches. Uvalde is the home of former Vice President John Nance Garner. Forty families, hurriedly evacu- ated, had returned to their homes early today and were cleaning inch- thick mud from floors and furni- ture. should not accumulate vastly ex- cessive stocks of fibers at the ex- pense of the public. Neither should we price our products out of normal markets. I "Where such conditions exist, we lAtUliaifl rail would be derelict in our duty if i T_ MILWAUKEE Wi-The 1953 Wis- consin State Fair will turn a profit we did not seek improvements. But let it be very clear that seek- ing improvements in farm pro- grams does not mean seeking lower prices or lower income for farmers." Gen, Wainwright Has 2nd Stroke SAN ANTONIO Jona- than M. Wainwright, 70, hero of Corregidor, has suffered a second stroke and is in critical condition, Brooke Army Hospital announced j of the 1953 fair when the heat cut today. region as showers fell. But tem- peratures climbed again when skies cleared. Light showers were predicted in the area today and not much relief was expected. In Washington, more than federal employes were sent home in mid-afternoon as the mercury hit 99, In Detroit, Chrysler sent home workers because many- workers had asked to be off during the afternoon. Generally pleasant summer weather prevailed in the Rockies and westward to the Pacific Coast. Los Angeles had a high yesterday of 71; Seattle 69 and San Fran- cisco 70, Kohler Proclaims Richard Bong Day MADISON, Wis. Kohler Monday proclaimed Oct. 3 as "Richard Bong and urged Wisconsin residents to contribute to a fund to erect a memorial to the late Poplar, Wis., flying ace of World War Two. The Veterans of Foreign Wars, which organized the campaign, seek for the' memorial. In his proclamation Kohler said: "The heroism of Wisconsin men in our nation's wars was most con- spicuously exemplified by Major Bong, who before his tragic death in the last month of World War Two destroyed 40 enemy aircraft and became the greatest, combat pilot in American history." Kntr f, Q' of about Willard M. Mas terson, the fair manager, said Monday. With a total record attendance of the fair, which closed Sun- day, had receipts -of about Barrel .Ot Trouble and expenses of about Masterson said. The 1952 exposition had at the gate but showed about more profit. Masterson said costs were lower in 1952 and revenue was reduced in the last four days n PASADENA, Calif. W-Six-year- old Romle Perry got himself into a barrel of trouble. Spying an empty oil drum, he crawled into it yesterday to hide from playmates. Firemen required an hour with, metal cutters to free him.