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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 1, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight and Saturday Coming Soon The Saint VOLUME 50, NO. 167 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 1, 1950 TWENTY PAGES stern ront Soldier's Bonus Checks in Area Below Average Payments Total in 5 Nearby Counties Minnesota soldier bonus pay- ments have amounted to in the five Southeastern Minnesota counties, a report of the slate de- partment of veterans' affairs re- vealed today. But the average payment to thej veterans in Winona, Wabasha, j311063 Houston, Pillmore and Olmstedlthe armed forces. Bonus Table for Area Aist. No. Amt. Total Army Navy Navy No. Claims Claims Claims Claims 298 80.245 147130 145 643 643232 891 225 960 767 Totals 7767024 2JWi Fillmore Houston Olmsted Wabasha Winona No. Army Claims ..966 498 735 Total Avg. Amt. Amt. per Claims Claim 284.84 287.76 292.10 291.29 average of the average claim for each of the five counties. Family Allowances Approved for G. s A final okay from Congress on GJ, family allow- th way today {or draiting fathers up to 26 years old into counties is ruimin" below the Selective service officials had indicated they would have something age for the state. Dp to July 1, the average pay- ment in the state was Not a single Bounty in Southern Minnes- ota has an average approaching that, and the average of the aver- age payments in the five counties I is only The department's tabulation shows that the big city boys are! getting the biggest payments. The! average in Hennepin county (Min-j the average in Ramsey county (St. S298.ll, and the average in St. Louis county Top average for Southeastern Minnesota has been set in Wabasha county where the 960 claims, for both living and deceased veterans, have averaged S292.10. William E Revier, the depart- Britain's Jebb Takes Over in Security Council Action on Korean War Faces New Speed-up Drive By Stanley Johnson Lake Success Britain's Sir Giadwyn Jebb takes over as! president of the United Nations j security council today, determin- ed to end Russian Jakob A. Ma- lik's month-long stalemate of pending U. S. council moves to localize the Korean war. to say on plans for inducting draft-age married men with dependents, kesman 'uoted _____ _ nAnv% n _ f armKr ol I f Truman Speech To Defend II S. Action in Korea By Ernest B. Vaccaro as soon as the family allowances ibill passed Congress. I Both the House and Senate gave S final approval yesterday to the al- lowances measure, sending it to [President Truman for signature. I It provides sums of to a 'month for the families of enlisted j men. would contribute from to a month toward the al- as saying: "We shall turn the calendar back to July 31. We shall pretend that Malik has never been presi- dent and get on with our work." At today's CDuncil meeting Jebb reportedly planned as the first or- der of business the seating of a representative of South Korea and1 As of July 1, checks, amount-1 ing to had been mailed to veterans or near relatives of de- ceased veterans. Approximately 25.000 claims for bonuses still remain to be processed, most of them requiring further in- formation or proof of residence. Three thousand more applications an: expected before December 31, application deadline. Approxi- mately applications will be received altogether. lowances from their own pay. The the refusal of z place to a North government would pay the rest. 'Korean envoy denTwcSfbe predicted by Chairman Vinson move or another, pre- Washington Tru-'Ga-) o{ House armed service? Ivented this adion while he held man tonight will tell the nation--) committee. He said '.raft boards I presklency during August. and the the United, Sjmp3y can-t ineet without Thea tbe spokesman de- nn altoi-narivn wnpn it i Glared, the council would take up an American resolution declaring the North Koreans to be the ag- igressors and calling on all TJ. N. up to would qualify for in-jmembers to from alding States had no alternative when it j taking fathers, sent its troops into Korea. I officials estim He ordered this step, the estimated there are of erests peace. Mr. Truman speaks from the White House at 8 p.m. His address io described by the White House as a "report to the people." Those familiar with the text say that it is jusl- as much a report TODAY- Over KWNO The President's address will 'tic broadcast over Station KWNO AM and FM at 8 m. today. Forecast On Korea Impossible By Joseph Alsop With U. S. Forces in Korea The folly of making forecasts about this Korean war can be sim- ply illustrated. After spending some days in the line with the hospitable First battalion of the 27f.h infantry regiment, this reporter briefly returned to the rear. Here, among the big wheels as the brass is called in this war, the balloon was up. A great and menancing duction. That's applying the rough ratio supplied by Major General Lewis B. Hershey, selective service director, that 60 per cent of draft eligiblt's are being" rejected because of failure to meet rigid service physical and mental standards. These are the monthly allowances that would be paJd G.I. families: Serviceman's Allotment Total AHcwun" From One Two Over two Pay Pny Xltpend. JJzpenfl.i Depend. J198 560 S14T.50 IBS BO 147.50 165 139 60 121.50 121.50 145 117 SO 121.50 121.50 145 95 101.50 125 82 40 S5.00 101.50 125 80 40 85.00 101.50 125 enemy effort expected. was momentarily the peoples of Western lAuia snd elsewhere where JTruman hopes .American foreign] (policy will be heard and under-1 'stood. The "Voice cf America" will beam it everywhere it can reach a listening audience. Associates told a reporter Mr. Truman will say he had to move quickly when the North Korean Reds invaded South Korea to draw a line somewhere against the steady advance of Communism against peaceful countries. Something had to be done, Mr. Truman is expected to say, lest Communism nibble off other na- tions one. The address is reported to be in the nature of an answer to the propaganda of Jakob Malik, the Soviet Russian delegate, during his month as president of the U. N. security council. Malik's term as president ended Next morning, however, a trip (yesterday and the President's re- back to the front revealed no piy Was said to be timed to coun- scenes of bloody carnage or jt qujckly. Malik labeled the ditch stands. Instead, the enemy JTJ. s. over and over as an aggres- had begun a general withdrawal j sor for sending troops to Korea precisely where the big wheels land for dispatching the Seventh hid anticipated a massive on-jneet off Formosa. expected domes- slaught. And by that afternoon my The President was also e friends of the First battalion were to make some mention of loudly rejoicing because the big tic problems and the belt-tighten- wheels felt safe enough to pull the lag which may be necessary _be- 27th regiment out of the line, send it halfway across Korea, and ra- it after many with its parent division, the 25tll. While one therefore wishes to avoid prophesy, it is none the less allowable to report that the men who do the ac- tual fighting: believe that the first great crisis is ov2r in Korea. If they arc right, the danger of a full-scale catas- truphc has passed as- last. No one at home seems to real- ize how great that danger has been. Yet not so many d-iys ago, Lieutenant General Walton H. Walker called for total, immediate mobilization of all air transport in Japn.n, in order to evacuate as many American troops as possible after an enemy break-through that was expected in twelve hours. We then had no reserves to cover a withdrawal' and r.o prepared posi- tions to withdraw to. If our incredibly thin defense line had been breached day, even the greatest effort of air evacua- tion could hardly have prevented the loss of half our men and most of our equipment in Korea. Such was the danger. Kven now, the line remains alarmingly thin. Even CQW, the line's security mainly depends on certain small crack outfits ilke the 27th regiment and the First Ma- rine brigade, which are pushed in- to the line like corks wherever a break threatens. The men who do the fignting feel new confidence not because of any high level strategical gains, but because they consider the North Koreans are (Continued on Page 12, Column 2.) ALSOP them. "The Soviet Union will probably veto this, and then we shall go on to oui" next piece of he said. Ked China's Charges That would be consideration of Refi China's charges, presented by the Soviet Union, of American aggression against, and air Manchuria. The coun- cil voted yesterday, 8-3, to hear the air ralu charges. Th fact that th.e two Soviet- backed items are on the agenda taken here as conclusive evi- jdence that Malik would be pres- 'ent and would not renew his boy- cctt of the United Nations which ended when he assumed the coun- cil presidency August 1. TJ. S. Delegate Warren R. Aus- tin took the council by surprise yesterday by admitting an Ameri- can fighter plane might have straf- ed a Manchurian airfield by mis- take August 27. He asked for a full U. N. on- the-spot investigation of the charges and promised, if theyj were proved, that the U. S. would' pay an indemnity and take "prop- er disciplinary action" against those involved. Diplomatic Coup When the delegates got their breath after this franker than is usual in diplomatic parleys they speculated that the United States may have pull- ed off a significant diplomatic coup. They pointed out that it is high- ly unlikely that either Communist China or North Korea will permit a United Nations investigating committee to come into their ter- ritories. If they refuse, these sources said, the world will conclude that either the charges were frivolous in Korea G. l.'s Lash Back After Red Thrust North Koreans Dent U. S. Lines For Eight-Mile Gain in South By Relman Morin Korean Reds renewed their hammering assault on the southern ends of the flaming western front Friday night after punching an eight and one-half mile dent in American lines. But swiftly-moving U. S. tanks and infantrymen recaptured flaming Haman Friday in a slashing counterattack that temporarily blunted the Beds' massive assault on the southwestern anchor of the United Nations beachhead in Korea. The Communists hurled a two- division attack at Haman Thursday night, and for a time threatened to crack the American line. But the U. S. 25th infantry divi- sion reacted swiftly, lashea back Experts Probe TWA Crash Counterattacking U. S. Troops have retaken Haman. lost earlier to massive North Korean assault (1) which has punched wedges in U. S. defense lines. Yongsan, northwest of Haman, was abandoned to the Beds. There was heavy fighting at Songjin. North of this area the enemy made other Naktong river crossings. A second major offensive may develop north of Taegu (2) where much of the Communist strength is believed massed. In the northeast (3) South Koreans have retaken Kigye and gained north of Pohang. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Cairo, Egypt Experts be- gan an investigation today into yesterday's crash of a Trans- World Airline Constellation in the Libian desert 65 miles west of Cairo. The disaster, one of the worst in commercial air history, claimed the lives of all 55 persons aboard, including 23 Americans. The big four-engine "Star of Maryland" went clown 15 miles In- side" the western desert bordering the Nile delta. There was no' indication yet what caused the Rome-bound plane to crash and burn 30 min- utes after taking off from Cairo's Farouk field. The shock was so violent that V-J Day Five Years Ago Lifted Hopes for Peace cause of the fighting in the Far Clyde Lewis, left, of Plattsburg, N. retiring commander, hands gavel to Charles C. Rails of W-oodinville, Wash., who was elected commander-in-chief of the Veterans of Foreign Wars in Chicago. The V.F.W. held its national encampment in Chicago. Rails, s. mem- ber of a Seattle law firm, was elevated without opposition from his former post of senior vice-Commander-in-chief. (A.P. Photo.) Conrad Heads For Maine Teterboro, X. J. Max Con- rad took off from here today in his light plane on the 'next lap of a planned vacation flight from Min- nesota to Switzerland. The Minnesota pilot lifted his plane off the ground at a. m., Winona time, circled once for the benefit of numerous photographers and headed for Old Town, Maine. He said he expected to make the 650-mile trip in about five and one- half hours. Conrad said his schedule called for a eight to ten-hour layover there and a take off tomorrow morn- ing for Goose Bay, Labrador. The Piper Pacer plane was loaded with sandwiches, milk, a life pre- server, parachute and two gasoline tanks in the rear seat, he also has two auxiliary wing tanks for line. The plane is equipped with a j propagate the "two Com- radio. Jmunist states have secret reasons The businessman-flier said he had refusing an inquiry, altered his schedule and now also felt the u. g_ frant. not plan to arrive in Switzerland !ness jargely canceled the propa- until late next week, instead of the value of the Commrjrist ac- cusation. Greece Probe Shunned The council yesterday defeated a move, 2-9, io put chargesi of "terrorism" in Greece on the agenda. Jebb called the Russian charges "as revolting as Satan rebuking sin, coming from the; representa- tive of a power which uses slave labor and "transports millions to Siberia in cattle trucks." Observers generally agreed that the West beat Malilc propaganda- wisp on his last day In the chair. Austin, in a radio speech from headquarters early in the evening, said the Kremlin did the free na- tions a favor by sending "Circus Barker'1 Malik to the U. N. be- cause "his spiel enticed more peo- ple than ever into the big top" and gave them, a chance to see how phony Soviet propaganda Is. The more he talked, the less he was the U. S. dele- gate said. J. P. Kiley Heads Milwaukee Road Chicago Milwaukee Road directors today elevated John P. Kiley to the position of director and president. He succeeded Charles H. Buford, who retired yesterday. Kiley had been vice-president in charge ol operations. Into this spot went Lloyd P. Donald, a native of Savanna, HI, who had been gen- eral manager, of the railroad's east- ern line. William J. Whalen, a ua- tive of Lansing, Iowa, and' formerly assistant general manager, was made general manager. By Russell Brines Tokyo It was clean on the admiral's; deck. The sea sparkled. It was the kind of dary to make you forget the heat and some of the hurt of fighting a cruel enemy through muddy, mountain terrain. The ship's guns were muz- zled and warplanes passing overhead were more graceful than menacing. The men gathered there were glad to forget war and its cost. Lined faces, leathered by the elements of both the sea Drive-in Crash Kills Motorist Minaeapolis (J) St. Paul man was killed early today when he apparently mistook a grocery drive-in lane for a highway cutoff. The car catapulted about 40 feet through the air and crashed through a billboard. The victim was Leo B. Ganser, 24, of 712 Armstrong avenue, St. Paul, a mail clerk for the Great Northern Railroad. The accident occurred on high- way 169 at Eden Prairie township road. and combat field, wev cheer- ful. Voices carried the bounce of released tension. The commander of the U. S. Eighth Army was there, and so were the commanding gen- erals of such distinguished out- fits as the 24th division, the 25th division and the First Cav- alry division. Allied commanders present included British, Australian, Canadian and French. As they gathered, the noise of distant planes sounded like muffled artillery and men fresh from the battlefields in- stinctively cocked an ear. Then General Douglas Mac- Arthur paced across the deck and sat at a small table. He wore plain suntans like his of- ficers. No tie. No decorations. After a brief ceremony the general addressed his officers. He spoke of the combat they had been through and praised their combined international effort. Then he concluded, "Let us pray that peace be now re- stored to the' world and that God will preserve it always. Remember? That brief cere- the plane broke to bits and wreck- age was strewn over an area of several hundred yards, j Warren Lee Pierson, TWA board chairman, is expected in Cairo to- day to make a personal investiga- tion of the disaster. TWA officials said this morning that 54 bodies had been accounted for so far and that they believe another corpse is still in 'he wreckage. They said none had been identified yet. The remainder of the bodies, some of them badly burned or mang'ed. were being flown to the morgue in Cairo. Thirty-three bod- ies were brought here yesterday. The next of kin in Cairo have not yet been taken through the morgue, for identification, but probably will be some time today. An airline spokesman said "identification of some of the bod- ies will be very difficult." Th airliner plunged to earth shortly after the takeoff from Cai- ro on a. regular Bombay-New York flight. The plane radioed its last ground contact to Cairo 20 minutes after takeoff, reporting that everything was all right. The air search did not begin until nearly five hours later, when the big plane was re- ported overdue in Rome. The crash broke TWA's record of nearly four years with no fa- talities in overseas operations. jGuard Unit Leaves St. The 216th A.A.A., and broke the momentum ol the Red assault. Behind strong air and artillery support, American tanks and troops rolled into Haman and re- gained ridges west of the city, 35 miles west of the vital Allied sup- ply port of Pusan on the south- east Korean coast. An American officer at the front said the Communists were making their big effort "and I think it is their last one." However, an intelligence officer at General MacArthur's headquar- ters said a second major Red fensive against another section of the beachhead was still pos- sible. He added that the largest mass of enemy infantry stili is presumed to be in the Waegwan area, northwest of Taegu. Powerful Onslaught The powerful Red onslaught had set the front aflame on a 55-mile stretch i monv at which he officiated I group headquarters battery, the first _ was the formal surrender of Japan aboard the battleship Missouri in Tokyo Bay just five years ago today. Minnesota National Guard unit to leave for federal service in the pres- ent emergency, entrained for a southern training camp last night. Fleet to Quit Formosa Area After End of War in Korea By C. Fay A. F. Military Affairs Reporter Washington President Truman's disclosure that the American fleet standing guard off Formosa will move out of that area when the Korean war ends raised today the question of how the United States then will deploy Pacific naval forces. The United States operating fleet in the Pacific is today the biggest it has been since soon after World War TJ. end- ed. There are reasons to be- lieve it is getting even bigger. In the Far East war zone there are more than 150 Navy ships of various types, includ- ing at least two big carriers, cruisers, a large number of destroyers, some submarines and a variety of smaller craft. This does not include other combatant ships operat- ing out of 'other Pacific ports of the U. S. west coast, Pearl Harbor and. areas not in the war zone. More ships, combatant and transport, are being taken out of mothballs. It is to be as- sumed at least some of them are destined for pacific wa- ters. A build-up of combatant ship strength in the Pacific was started last year, long be- fore the outbreak of Korean fighting. Some of it resulted from transfer of warships from the Atlantic fleet to tie Paci- fic as international events put increasing emphasis in the Western ocean. Admiral For- rest P. Sherman announced his intention to expand tha Pacific force soon after he was nam- ed chief of naval operations last fall, 3 Major Functions The fleet has three major functions in the Korean war: 1. Aerial support, by carrier and land-based Navy and Mar- ine aviation, of ground force operations and the strategic- type attacks on North Korean plants, transportation routes and supply centers. 2. Bombardment by naval gunfire of enemy strong and troops ashore. 3. Patrol of the seas to pro- tect United Nations supply lines to South Korea from enemy attack. In the pre-Korean war days (and presumably after them) the primary, purpose of the American fleet in the Pacific is to keep an eye on possible moves by Russia in that part of the world. Although there have been no reported instances of interfer- ence with United Nations ships, the Navy patrnl has kept up a continuous alert for subma- rines in the Far East war zone. North Korea herself is believed to have no submer- sibles in her inconsequential Navy. But her Russian friend, which has supplied North Ko- rea with other armament, has them. Russ Forces Secret As in other matters pertain- ing to Russia, there is no cer- tainty of the number of sub- marines she has operating in the Far East. Some recent estimates in military quarters are that there might be between 70 and 80 Red submersibles in a fleet of about 800 assorted naval craft. It is possible about a third of the total number of submarines are the type XXI snorkels, the boats cap- able of long periods of under- water operation at high speed dangerous craft. Information here suggests the Red navy is basing its sub- marines -at a number instead of a- few major ports. Some un- doubtedly operate out of the big port of Vladivostok: some out of Dairen, the Manchurian port next door to Korea, on the Yellow Sea; some from ports on Sakhalin island; perhaps others from harbors along the Kamchatka peninsula and the Siberian coast. The cruising range of big fleet-type subs means that they can roam far eastward in the Pacific as well as close in to the Asiatic mainland. The American naval base at Pearl Harbor and even the United States west coast would be within their cruising dis- tance. -i from a point on the river west of Taegu southward to the sea. The newest strike on the roaring front was a Red thrust against the extreme southwest flank of the 25th division, defended by the Fifth regimental combat team. A mortar barrage preceded the attack and a little later a North Korean plane, in one of the rare appearances of the Red air force dropped two bombs in the sctor. Neither did any damage. At least one tank was reported in the attacking force. Youthful American soldiers pull- ed back from Yongsan on the TJ. S. second division front before a strong tank-led Red drive which :ushed across the Naktong river. These men, on the left flank of the second division, had retreated eight and one-half miles in all. A.P. correspondent Bern Price, who was with one of the last jroups to pull out of Yongsan into the hills to the. east, tie men who gave the ground came out tired but not broken. He said they were still in good spirits. The Americans immediately dug in the hills east of Yongsan against he Red thrust aimed at cutting the mam highway between the supply port of Pusan and the com- munications center of Taegu. Three U S. divisions were lock- ed in battle on the central sector. Red Casualties Heavy "Bodies are stacked up by the a Second division of- icer told A.P. Correspondent Jack Macbeth. "But they're com- ing." A U. S. Eighth Army commu- nique reported Reds killed and three tanks destroyed by mid- day. But judging from earlier field dispatches the figures were conservative. The Reds appared to be mak- ,ng a supreme bid. to wipe out the United .Nations beachhead on the southeast corner of the Asiatic peninsula. Some Communists a third of their estimated strength involved. This included live divisions, one of them a full arm- ored division, making the push. Two others were in reserve to ex- ploit breakthroughs. Navy carrier planes joined U. S. Fifth Air Force and Australian fighters in swarming into the bat- le like angry hornets. But the North Korean attack ground ahead. The Reds swept forward through mine fields and barbed wire. A. P, Correspondent Stan Swin- ion said sectors held by two regi- ments of the 25th division were generally secure, but that large bodies of Red troops infiltrated be- iind them. A third regimental front was de- scribed as fluid. Correspondent Swinton's dispatch was timed at 8 p.m. (5 a.m., an overall estimate fay a division spokesman was: "The situation is serious, but not critical." FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Generally fair tonight im- portant temperature "change. Low tonight 55, high Saturday 80. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m, today: Maximum, 91; minimum, 67; noon, 77; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Addition weather on page 4. ;