Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 30, 1952, Winona, Minnesota
F-: -'it And Friday, Warmer Tonight VOLUME 52, NO. 217 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 30, 1952 TWENTY-FOUR PAGES Vishinsky Asks Special Group To Settle War Americans at U.N. Regard Proposal 'As Old Red Stuff By OSGOOD. CARUTHERS UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. Russia's Andrei Y, Vishinsky asked the United Nations Assembly last night to form an international commission to seek peace in Korea and unification oi that war-torn country. American sources at the U. N. generally viewed proposal as the same old Soviet stuff. On the commission proposed by Vishinsky would oe "the parties directly concerned and other states, including states not parti- cipating in the war in Korea." Vishinsky's speech made no men- tion of just which countries he would include in these categories, but his resolution would open the i door for the So- viet Union to be- fcome directly in- 5 volved. I The new Soviet! proposal came at the end of a I fiery speech in j which Vishinsky, for three hours I and 39 minutes, lashed back at 1 the American l s t a n d outlined Andre VUhlmky last Friday by U.S. Secretary of State Dean Ache- son. Political Committee Selwyn Lloyd of Great Britain scheduled as the first Western big power spokesman scheduled to reply to Vishinsky in the Assem- bly's Political Committee today. But Acheson commented last night to reporters that the Soviet foreign minister said "nothing we have not heard a thousand times before, at Panmunjom and here." Another U.S. spokesman added that turning the Korean armistice problem over to the commission proposed by Vishinsky "would mean starting the negotiations all over again." Vishinsky scorned the resolution Acheson introduced asking the Gen- eral Assembly to approve the U. N. Command's stand against forcibly repatriating prisoners of war and to urge Communist acceptance of a truce on those terms. He endorsed as the "only way to achieve peace in Korea" a Po- lish omnibus resolution which in- cludes a call for immediate cessa- tion of hostilities, repatriation of all prisoners whether they want to go home or not and withdrawal 'Running Truman Admits in Slip in Iowa Talk MANLY, la. Wl There were repercussions today from an in- formal remark made by President Truman as he greeted a trainside crowd at a. m. here Wednes- day. As recorded on a tape trans- cript, Truman said: "Well this is fine, I certainly appreciate your getting up and coming down here at this time of day to look at who is campaign for presi- dent." The recording showed Tru- man hesitated twice during the sentence which opened his brief talk. Iowa GOP Chairman James Schramm issued a statement in Des Moines calling the Truman remark proof that Gov. Adlai Stevenson, the Democratic nom- inee, is "a captive, candidate." "Truman finally told the Schramm said. "Everybody but Stevenson has known for some time i that the governor of Illinois has been a puppet in the hands of Harry Truman. Now we have it right from the horse's mouth that he, Harry, is running this cam- paign." St. Lawrence Project Moving to Reality WASHINGTON great international power project on the St. Lawrence River moved a big step nearer reality Wednesday. The International Joint Commission, which regulates use of bound- ary waters between the United Allies Win Back Pinpoint Hill On Korean Front By STAN CARTER SEOUL infantry won back Pinpoint Hill with clubbed rifles and cold steel today. Earlier Chinese Reds, bursting out of the mouth of a long, uphill tun- nel, had gained control of the vital Central Korean Front peak. Thousands of rounds of artillery fire from both sides churned the rocky summit into sand during the savage fighting and was continuing without letup. An. Eighth Army staff officer said it probably would rate as the most intense shelling States and Canada, gave" to the governments of both countries its permission to construct the neces- sary works. All that remains to be done now before actual construction gets under way is for either Congress or the Federal Power Commission to designate the U. S. agency that will help build the estimated 400 million dollar development. 13 Billion Kilowatt The Canadian government has named the Ontario Hydroelectric Commission as the Canadian as-. sociate in the venture which, engi-1 sible victory next Tuesday from neers estimate, will yield more I what they interpret as a last-min- than 13 billion kilowatt hours of lute surge of sentiment toward of the war. The Allied troops were dug in 50 yards down the slope from the summit of Pinpoint, taking cover from the hail of shells which blist- ered the crest. Highest Peak They drove the Chinese off that highes't peak of Sniper Ridge at mid-afternoon under Red artillery and mortar shelling described by the officer as "very deadly." Then they split into three assault forces and tried to smash the Chi- nese all the way back to the Yoke, a maze of caves and tunnels guard- ing the northern end of long Sniper Ridge. But intense Communist shelling and small arms fire turned back the assault forces. Ike Says ROKs Can Hold; Adlai Assails False Hopes New Wave of Optimism in Stevenson Camp Cires General's Change of Attitude On Korean War By DON WHITEHEAD EN ROUTE WITH STEVENSON IN PENNSYLVANIA A brand new wave of optimism swept through the camp of E. Stevenson today as he "poured it on" Gen, Dwight D. Eisenhower for what he called a cynical search for votes in proposals for ending the Korean War. This spurt in spirits came as Democratic leaders sniffed a pos- electric energy a year. The power yield would be shared equally between the two countries. They will also share equally in the Stevenson. Stevenson himself appeared more confident and was predicting victory more and more in his New York State's Power Author-1 ever, was whether the surge had ity has asked the Power Commis-1 come too late, sion for permission to be the Crowds in Pennsylvania A Split Second after being unleashed from the nose of the Lockheed F-94C Starfire, rockets streak toward an imaginary target in a firepower demonstration over the California desert. Camera plane in foreground records the flight of the 2.75- inch rockets, any of which is considered capable of knocking out the largest bomber ever built. The jet-powered Starfire, which carries 24 rockets in its nose, flies almost wholly automatically in pursuing and attacking its target. (AP Wirephoto) American partner. The proposed power works would be built in the International Rap- ids section of the between Massena, N, Y., and Corn- wall, Ont. Start on Construction In Ottawa, Transport Minister Lionel Chevrier said the Canadian government looks for a start on construction of the St. Lawrence project next year. Chevrier, who would be Last night Stevenson climaxed a day of rousing ovations in Penn- sylvania with a speech in jam- packed Convention Hall. Police es- timated people crowded in- to the building with another overflow crowd outside. In effect, he accused Eisen- hower of being a puppet speaking lines put into his mouth by those Stevenson called "his handlers. And he insisted these lines held in out false hopes to the people. charge of Canada's end of the huge development, made the pre- diction before the National Federa- tion of Liberal Women at a lunch- eon. :'Given the same co-operation by the U. S. authorities as has been to he said, my mind no doubt received up there is in of all foreign troops two to three I The Eighth Army said its troops months after the end of the fight- had inflicted casualties on the ing. Reds in the week ended Tuesday, South Koreans Accused Vishinsky accused South Korean President 'Syngman Rhee of col- laborating with the Japanese years ago and painted his regime as one of "repression in the sheepskin of democracy." Accusing Acheson of "distorting" the Russian position and that of the Communists at the Panmunjom truce talks on the prisoner of war issue, Vishinsky argued that inter- national law as interpreted by British, French and Russian legal for the immediate repatriation of all prisoners of war shooters. bringing the total for the first four j weeks of October to That made October the heaviest month of the year and the biggest since November. Earlier today, the Chinese burst out of a long tunnel which opened near the summit of Pinpoint and forced the Allied defenders off the peak. They struck without warning in their first major daylight assault of the furious, seesaw battle. The shell-proof tunnel protected the Reds from Allied artillery sharp- without any conditions for allowing those who wanted to stay in the country their captivity. He agreed with the West on one point: That the prisoner issue was "the only hurdle toward cessation of the Korean War." But he' said the Americans are holding out because they want to recruit forcibly North Korean and Chinese Communist prisoners into the armies of Rhee and of National- ist China's Chiang Kai-shek future aggressive plans." Vishinsky read lengthy reports of the riots on Koje Island and in other prisoner of war camps in South Korea, charging the Ameri- cans with "atrocities and brutal- ities" aimed at intimidating the Burrowing Like Rats Burrowing started their hanging cliff and dug it almost to that actual construction work will start next year." H Brannan Accuses Ike of Slander He was expected to take this same line as he pushed through Pennsylvania for the second straight day on a tour to be cli- maxed by a speech tonight in Pittsburgh. In Philadelphia, Stevenson cri- ticized the general for saying he would go to Korea in an effort to find ways and means to end the Korean War. Go-to-Korea Idea He read the Philadelphia audi- i ence excerpts from a New York i Times story which said the go-to- Korea idea originated with one of, _ _ Eisenhower's new speech writers, j been without iood Stevenson said: "Now the gen-1 since noon Monday, eral's handlers think that an idea j Three hostages already have so conceived can give their cam-! been freed. That move came yes- paign the lift it needed, and it I terday when 38 psychiatric in- sure needed one.... I mates surrendered and gave up WASHINGTON Secretary i a cynical search for votes! the hostages unharmed on Dixon's of Agriculture Brannan has ac-1 cused Dwight Eisenhower of hav-1 nor Hunger Begins To Cramp Riot Of Illini Convicts By LARRY KRAMP CHESTER, 111. Hli- Truman Charges Ike Playing Politics With Korean War By ERNEST B. VACCARO ABOARD TRUMAN TRAIN Truman's assertion that ___ Gov Sherwood Dixon ex- i Dwight D. Eisenhower is playing "low-down tricks" to get votes ad- pressed strong hope today that 322 !ded new fuel today to the bitter presidential campaign _ mutinous but hungry convicts! Truman moved into Michigan his last-lap drive for Aoiai would end their rebellion, now in j Stevenson after a two-speech invasion of Chicago, where be poured its fourth day, at Menard State ridicule on the GOP nominee for Prison and release their seven hos-[ his "easy" solution "for every- tages without harm. Optimism among state and pris- on authorities grew swiftly last night as hunger began to show its effect on the rebels. The haggard inmates have been without food since seizing the east cell block of this Southern Illinois prison late Monday. Their hos- prison lieutenant and six ing "slandered and insulted" the farmer committeemen who help administer federal farm programs. He made the accusation directly to the Republican presidential nom- inee in a letter given out at the Agriculture Department Wednes- day. It said: "The fact that you are ignorant of what these patriotic and hard- working men are actually doing neither resolve our problems j promise to hear their grievances. I win the election. I certainly After that break in tension, Dixon j the summit. fcuse for any They swarmed out of the mouth, j slander. form of heedless of their own shellfire. Ap correspondent John Randolph, the only U. S. newsman near the ridge, said: "The new Chinese daytime power boded ill for tonight with the Allies "for i getting such a late start in their ew attack on Pinpoint." Randolph added that the rate of Chinese artillery fire was running two and three times the Allied rate. Allied fighter-bombers pounded the north end of Sniper Ridge but captives into saying want to go home. they didn't Eden Hopes to Lead British at U.N. Session LONDON Secretary Anthony Eden told the House of Commons yesterday he hopes to go to New York next week to lead the British delegation at the United Nations. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Fair to- heavy Communist anti-aircraft fire hampered them. At U. S. Eighth Army headquarters a briefing offi- cer commented: "It's virtually impossible to stop their reinforcements because of that tunnel." "Isewhere along the front small- scale but bitter fighting was re- ported. P Dixie Lee Crosby Remains in Coma BEVERLY HILLS, Calif, (ffl Dixie Lee Crosby's life continued to ebb away today. The 40-year- old wife of singer Bing Crosby re- night and Friday. Warmer to night. Low tonight 38, high Friday i mainecf in and her physi- ?2' LOCAL WEATHER cian hdd Uttle fOT Official observations for the 24j hours ending at 12 m. today- Maximum, 59; minimum, 24; noon, 59; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (Wis. Cen. Observations) Max. temp. 60 at a.m. to- day, Min. 37 at a.m. today. Skies clear, visibility 12 miles, wind south, 12 miles per hour, barometer 29.71 falling, humidity 60 per cent. At her bedside were Bing and their four sons, Dennis and Phillip, 18, who flew home from Washing- ton State College; Gary, 19, who came from his studies at Stanford University, and Lindsay, 13, who attends school here. She has been in ill health for several years and underwent a serious abdominal operation last July, Because of his wife's illness, Crosby won't appear on his radio show tonight Brannan said his letter was in reply to a speech made by Eisen- hower at Memphis, Tenn., Oct. 15, in which the general took a whack at farmers serving in the depart- ment's Production Marketing Ad- ministration The secretary said Eisenhower accused PMA- committeemen of could not object to the general's going to Korea, but what worries me is what he will do when he gets there." Then he said the "men in Mos- cow" are not ready for an ar- mistice. "I think I know the he said. "They have been following our election campaign too. They have heard the Republican candi- date and the highest Republican leaders say first one thing about the Korean War and then another. They have heard, in other words, sounds of disunity, means weakness. and disunity "They want to exploit this weak- ness by holding out for better terms, terms which would give them a better chance for victory in Korea they have not won. "They do t like an armistice told the remaining convict hold- outs; Restore Order "As soon as you restore order and release the seven guards will sit down with you and hear every grievance." Late last night two prison chap- lains entered the cell block at the inmates' request. When they re- turned from the darkened building they came with word that the seven hostages were apparently in good health. They also carried a list of 12 demands drafted by the prisoners. Prison officials would not reveal all of the demands, but at a news conference attended by wives of the imprisoned guards, Dixon said: i thing.'-' In a plain reference to Eisen- hower, he told an overflow dinner crowd of the AFL Cook County League for Political Education, which gave him an ear-splitting welcome: "No general order is going to eliminate our problems. No super- man is' going to solve our difficul- ties for us. And anybody who poses and talks like a superman is just a plain fraud." More Stops Today The President scheduled whistle- stop talks at Muskegon, Grand Rapids, Lansing, Trowbridge, Flint, and Hamtramck, Mich., en route to Detroit for a major speech at p.m., EST, in the State Fair Grounds Coliseum at Detroit. II As in a number of other Mid- western states, the President was told that the Democrats are fac- ing an uphill fight in Michigan. They ask increased medical ser- vice and a better food supply. And taking part in partisan politics on the honorable terms we have out benefitting the Democrats. Bran- i offered, for an armistice on these j nan said it is likely that one-half of the PMA committee are Re- publicans. of course, they all want to get terms would mark a big setback in their drive for world domina- tion." G. Mennen Williams and Sen. Blair Moody as well as the Steven- son-Sparkman ticket. It was a receptive audience Tru- man faced in the grand ballroom j an office he has held for the past of the Sherman Hotel last night j nine years. Members of the county after an earlier civil rights speech j board said that if the defendant in Chicago's South Side. "nt rfsienatiim thev They gave him a whistling, hand- clapping, shouting welcome upon his introduction and he had to quiet them down because of time bought for nation-wide radio coyer- Cites Van Fleet Letter Praising Fighting Qualities General Suggests 20-Division Army Of Native Soldiers By RELMAN MORIN NEW YORK Dwight D. Eisenhower campaigned today with a letter from the commander of the Eighth Army in Korea in an attempt to back up his argument that South Koreans are potentially capable of replacing the American divisions now fighting there. He said the letter, dated Oct. 10, came from Lt. Gen. James A. Van Fleet and reported the South Ko- rean Army was in "apple pie order." What Van Fleet wrote, Eisen- hower said in a television-radio appearance last night, ties in with his own reason for wanting to go to Korea, if he is elected presi- dent. He said: Wants to Make Study "I want to study on the spot conditions we will find there. One of the things I want to find out is how much the Republic of Korea can contribute to its own battle requirements'." Van Fleet's letter praised fighting qualities of the South Ko- reans. He said one division, the ninth, had destroyed four regiments of the 38th Chinese Army, "one of the best." The Eighth Army com- mander added, "I am confident they will continue to hold and de- stroy the remaining reserve of that army." Eisenhower's headquarters said Van Fleet's letter was written to Maj. Gen. Orlando C. Mood in Washington and was released to Eisenhower by Mrs, Van Fleet who got a copy from her husband. The letter reported that Van Fleet had received "very little en- couragement, and never an ap- proval" for his own efforts to train new South Korean divisions. Describing his efforts to build up the South Korean army, Van Fleet wrote: Increases Not Approved "I have done this on my own responsibility with very little en- couragement, and never an ap- proval for any increases. I am con- convicted fay an all-male jury late j fident that approval will Wednesday. The jurors, deliberating less than four hours, returned guilty verdicts on each count of the lengthy in- dictment. The defendant could be sentenced to a total of more than years in prison and to pay a fine of upwards if the full possible penalties were invoked. Judge Gunnar H. Nordbye ord- ered Dr. Heim's bond con- tinued pending sentencing. Dr. Heim was also expected to resign as Hennepin County coroner, Dr. Heim Found Guilty, Sentence Expected Friday MINNEAPOLIS Iff) Dr. Rus- sell R. Heim will be sentenced Friday for the 229 federal drug law violations for which he was Official Confident He added that he was confident hostages would be released trouble out of "a member saying age as well as coverage by tele vision in nine Midwestern cities. He tore into Eisenhower for of the legislative committee which investigated a September riot at the prison said the group had been told of "drunkenness" and "dirtv food" at the institution. "dirty William A. EsteiTme, 22, Jonesville, Mich., and Joan Monica De Moore, 19, St. Clair Shores, Mich., pose in front of Eisenhower and Stevenson posters after the couple announced their engage- ment. Esterline is president of the Young Republican Club and Miss De Moore is president of the Young Democrats Club at Hills- dale, Mich. But regardless of the outcome of the election next Tuesday, they plan to marry Nov. 22. (AP Wirephoto to The Re- publican-Herald) State Sen. Peter J. Miller, sec- retary of the committee, said a "partial report disclosed shocking conditions of'1 immorality, drunk- enness, inadequate and dirty food that contained flies and cock- roaches." on Korean Casualty List WASHINGTON UB The Defense Department today announced the largest weekly increase in Korean battle casualties in nearly a killed, missing and wounded. The new total reached since the beginning of hostilities. The rise of last week com- pared with a weekly high of announced Oct. 5, 1950 and' a low of 123 reported last March 26. The weekly casualty toll has been comparatively high since early Sep- tember, reflecting the bitter fight- ing during the localized but intens- ive battles for hill positions all along the line in Korea. this country is "in that war" because of administration mistakes. Truman said most people blame the Korean fighting on "the evil designs of the and de- clared Eisenhower, in his recent Detroit speech changed "the facts of history." Sad at Change "And he did that just as easily as rolling off a Truman con- tinued, "and just as easy as he deserted Gen. Marshall." The President said that Esien- hower, in trying to blame the Department for the withdrawal of U. S. occupation troops from Korea in 1949 took quotations from con- gressional records "and twisted and distorted them." Then, depart- ing from bis prepared text, he added: "It makes me sad when a man of whom I thought as much of as the general will do low-down tricks like that in order to get votes." His voice heavy with emotion, he continued; "It's just a distortion of the facts plight. did not submit his resignation they would ask for it. Testimony showed that Dr. Heim had issued false prescriptions for various narcotics which the govern- ment charged he then sold to un- known addicts. On the stand in his own defense, Dr. Heim said the federal narco- tics bureau had been aware of his methods of obtaining drugs and had, by failing to interrupt them, in effect, given approval. Letter From 4ke Proves Prophetic To Worthington Boy SIOUX FALLS, S. D. A mes- sage of encouragement written to a Worthington, Minn., boy by Gen. Dwight Eisenhower, Republican presidential nominee, is proving to be prophetic. The future for Robert Rohrer, 10-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Roger Rohrer seemed black Aug. 29. He was admitted to Sioux Val- ley hospital here with spino-bulbar polio, most serious and often fatal type of the diser.se. Robert was placed in an iron lung to help his breathing. While he was in the iron lung he received a birthday message, on Sept. 13, from Eisenhower, who scribbled the note while appearing at the National Plowing contest at Kasson-Dodge Center, Minn. A friend of Robert's called Eisen- hower's attention to the boy's 1 post-haste for an increased ceiling 'in the ROK (Republic of Korea) Army, "You know that I have felt all the time that we should be pre- paring strenuously for what may eventually be required, and that my plans included doubling the size of the ROK divisions in- stead of 10." Van Fleet wrote that he had said he would release two American divisions if he could have six more South Korean divisions, "Or give me four, and I would release one U. S. division. It fin- ally got down to a two-division in- crease, but still no approval to this he added. Eisenhower did not comment on the letter other than to recall Van Fleet's record in training Greek troops in their war, five years ago, against the Communists, and to describe him as "one of the finest commanders our array has devel- oped." Several weeks ago, as the presi- dential campaign mounted in in- tensity, Eisenhower advanced the belief that American troops ulti- mately could be shifted to reserve duty, with South Koreans manning the main battle lines against the Reds. Not Impossible He said again last night that the South Koreans should have the "right" to develop their own armies, "defending their front lines, and bringing our troops back into reserve positions, and furnish- ing to those front lines the other kind of support, the naval and the air that they will need." Then he produced the Van Fleet letter. He said he was reading it "to show you that I am not talking about'something that is an impos- sible proposition." Eisenhower, in New York, ap- peared with four Republican gov- ernors, Dewey of New York, Lodge' something terrible and that's what I'm trying to put over to I you." The note advised: "Keep your chin all will be well. Good luck." Adams of New Driscoll of New of Connecticut, Hampshire, and Jersey. Twenty one other Republican governors appeared on film, back- ing Eisenhower, and expressing confidence in his victory next Tuesday. Eisenhower appeared in the intervals between, adding his own comments to what they said. This program was beamed only to northern and western states.