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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 29, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Warmer Tonight and Thursday BE SURETO VOLUME 52, NO. 216 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 29, British Court Will Force Girl's Return to Red Rule Taft Would Let Asians Protect Asia From Reds SPOKANE, Wash Rob- ert A. Taft of Ohio says the only pleaded not to be sent back to her j in Dusseldorf. j satisfactory solution to the Korean Communist-ruled homeland. The magistrates sentenced her War is a program calling for., the OXFORD, England (.4V-A Brit- ish court has turned a deaf ear "Consider your own children if they were sent to a place like iu UT.- ir, u j 1.1 Czechoslovakia." He said her to the sobbmg 19-year-old daughter escaped to West Ger. of a former Czech millionaire who many and now was living, penni- Tearful Hildegard Dorschner was hailed up yesterday for failing to renew her entry permit. Her Attor- ney, Gordon Franklin, pleaded: to a week in prison and recom- mended she be deported to Czecho- slovakia. She had escaped from there some time ago. TRUMAN CHARGES: Ike Backers Inviting Crash and Depression By ERNEST B. VACCARO ABOARD TRUMAN- TRAIN Truman sought to con- vince the Midwest today that if the "millionaires" he said were supporting Dwight D. Eisenhower had their way on policy the coun- protection of Asia by "We can't send American boys to the far-flung corners of the earth everytime someone wants to start a the GOP senator told an enthusiastic audience of about in the State Armory. Korea has been "Truman's war from the he said. "The only way to clean up con- ditions in the federal government is to elect Dwight Eisenhower pres- he said. I At an earlier appearance, he pre- dicted an Eisenhower victory "per- haps by quite a but added there is little a candidate can say to win support, he said, but "it try would end up "in a crash and a depression. I makes a tremendous difference And he argued that the hopes for continued prosperity for the j who ts farmer, laborer and small businessman depend on the election of' Adlai Stevenson and a Democratic Congress. Stevenson Bids For 32 Votes In Pennsylvania Charges Eisenhower Has 'Sordid Triumph Of Expediency' By DON WHITEHEAD ABOARD STEVENSON TRAIN E, Stevenson carried his fight for the presidency into Penn- sylvania today after accusing Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower of a "sordid triumph of expediency over prin- ciple." He loosed this charge during a "all political predictions are based i tumultuous rally last night at on quicksand." j Madison Square Garden in New At this point so close to York City, where he asserted his TODAY Adlai Men Confident But Afraid Because there are more people outside the millionaire class than there are in it, he contended, Ei- Taft accused the Democrats of bestowing prestige on Communism around the world. Presidents Hard- ing, Coolidge and Hoover each re Republican opponent had capitu- lated to those who champion a "dear, departed quiet past that is all so dead." With only six days to go before election, Stevenson made his big bid for Pennsylvania's 32 electoral _. votes. He moved from New York ulcic aie ,u lt, m to recognize Russia, he said (City toward Scranton Wittes- senhower isn't going to carry the I but Roosevelt came along and Barre AUentown, Bethlehem, Phil- tidelands oil states of made Communism "respectable." adelphia, where he was due to T.---------j T i "NOW the Russians boast that i make a major speech in Conven- they control one-third of the world, I tion Hall at 9 p.m. EST. he said. I at Rally He said he felt President Tru-! The Madison Square Garden ral: Texas and Louisiana. Outlines Theory Truman outlined his theory in detail last night in the friendly atmosphere of cheering'thousands at Hibbing, Minn., in the iron range. And he sought to develop it in speeches today in Iowa and Illinois en route to a major talk in Chicago tonight. His special train headed from Northern Minnesota into Iowa and Illinois. He speaks today at Water- loo, Cedar Rapids, West Liberty and Davenport, la., and Rock Is- land and Moline, 111., before going By JOSEPH ALSOP WITH GOV. STEVENSON'S CAMPAIGN are several days to go before the elec- tion. According to the most wide- ly held theory, great numbers of the voters will only make up their minds when finally alone with the, voting machine and the Almighty. into Chicago. All the same, it seems worth re- j His speech tonight before a din- cording the mood of Adlai E. Stev-jner meeting of the AFL Cook enson's high command before this County (Chicago) League for Pol- reporter abandons electoral barn-1 jycai Education will be telecast storming. The mood of these men who have directed Gov. Stevenson's cam- of them political semi- U. S. Byrnes Declares Believes General man has hurt Stevenson's chances I jammed the place to for the election although his rafters-was the climax to a ,4i-< .T in iirViInli Cf ttTTj-inC-rtrt C professionals at curiously mixed. They are confident, be- cause they quite honestly believe that there has been a big swing to Stevenson in recent weeks; and they are afraid, because they fear the swing may have started too late, Call in Old Pros One of the stranger features ol the situation is the weight now given in the Stevenson entourage to the verdicts of the old pros, who not formerly held in high re- gard, to say the least. Big Jim Farley, once the great enemy of all New Dealing Democrats, was the man chosen to make the ri- poste to Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy, By the same token, the Chicago patriarch, Tom Nash, and old Dan O'Connell of Albany, N. Y., are much quoted around this traveling circus nowadays. Nash has made a forecast o! a solid Democratic victory in doubt- ful Illinois, Dan O'ConneU has pre- dicted that Albany County, which tie-stop appearances may have "stirred up" local party leaders. Dixie Crosby Near Death generally reflects the swings of up- state New York, will go for Stev- enson by larger majority than in any recent pres- idential contest. O'Connell's testimony negates income, much other evidence, that Gen, i Dwight D. Eisenhower has unpre- cedented strength among the up- state New Yorkers. As O'Connell is the last surviving city boss who runs his fief in the ancient pre- cinct-by-precinct style, what he says cannot be lightly brushed aside. It must be added that con- stant repetition of this sort of iso- lated hopeful forecast is always a bad sign around any political head- quarters. Yet it is also true that Stevenson himself, Wilson Wyatt, Democratic Chairman Stephen A. Mitchell and their co-workers seem genuinely to expect to win. Hope to Hold South Broadly speaking, they think the Democrats will hold the South with the probable exception of Virginia. They think the Democrats will also hold most of the border states, with Maryland the most dangerous for them. They are fairly gloomy about the Midwest, but believe they will at least carry Illinois and Minnesota. And they expect to carry New York, California, Rhode Island, Washington, probably Mas- sachusetts, possibly Connecticut, and broadcast at p.m. (EST) from the Hotel Sherman ball- room. After the dinner, the President planned a reception for 50 poUtical and union leaders in his hotel suite. Talks at Hibbing In his speech at Hibbing last night, Truman declared that the GOP presidential nominee, "under pressure from the oil has "promised to sign a bill giving to three states the oil lands that the Supreme Court has said be- long to everybody in the United States." Then, in a departure from his i prepared text, the President ad- ded: j "And he's not going to get those three states. I've- got a mighty good friend in Texas and his name is Sam Rayburn, and he told me there are five milUon people in Texas that don't own any oil wells and have no chance of getting any oil weUs, and don't own any cattle ranches, and they are going to vote the Democratic ticket." Truman emphasized that the Democratic party isn't "really mad at but feels their policies would about too great a concentration of wealth and He declared that "prosperity is Dixie Crosby BEVERLY HILLS, Calif. UPI Dixie Lee Crosby, 40, above, wife of Bing Crosby, lay in a coma near death today. The crooner was at her bedside. So were their four sons, Lindsay, day in which Stevenson was given rousing welcomes in Jersey City, Paterson, Garfield and Newark, N. J., despite cold, disagreeable weather. Thousands were unable to get into -the Garden. He strode onto the stage to thundering cheers and immediately opened an attack on the Republi- cans and Eisenhower. He said of the Republicans: "They have everything on their side except the so our Republican friends celebrate all of their conquests and triumphs in advance of the election. "They win all of the battles ex- cept the last one, but the big one is the all generals should know. It comes in November, and that is when they discover that the most powerful publishers, the loudest commentators, and the noisiest demagogues are each, by the blessed rules of our democracy, entitled to cast one as you and I." Roaring Cheer This declaration touched of a roaring cheer in the crowd. And then Stevenson went on to say that the nation had cheered when Eisen- hower was chosen GOP presidential nominee over Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio. He said: "As the nation cheered, the Re- publican party cast out its old and Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower stands with Con- rad Nagel, program director, in New York last night. With them are members of a panel which questioned the general about campaign issues. From left to right are Nagel, Mrs. Fiorello La Guardia, widow of the former mayor of New Yors City; Eisenhower, Mrs. Irving Berlin, wife of the song writer; Mrs. Robert Patterson, widow of the former Secretary of War, and Mrs. John Warner, daughter of the late Alfred E. Smith. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Red Chinese Forced From Bloody Crest By MILO FARNET1 SEOUL Korean infan- trymen in savage close-quarter fighting today forced a battalion of Chinese Reds off the crest of bloody Sniper Ridge for the seventh time 'in 16 days. W w Top Secret Used Against Him, Ike Says in New York By R ELM AN MORIN NEW YORK Dwight D. Eisenhower, pointing a power- house drive at the .big voting centers around New York? City, says a "top secret document" on Korea is being used against him by his night, began their counterattack at dawn. Slowly they clawed back up the slopes. They gouged out small gains with hand grenade barrages, then grappled hand-to-hand with He did not identify the document, other than to describe it as "a Defense Department." weary rigid leadership and turned i the Reds in bunkers and trenches. instead, to a man whose name had AP correspondent John Randolph Defense Department How said the Central Front crest we will never know, become a national symbol of high purpose. "History will record too, how- ever, that the spark which had been kindled in the higher desires of thousands of our Republican friends was then snuffed out in a sordid triumph of expedience over principle. These hopes and aspirations were shaken to their 14; Gary, 19, and the twins, when the Republican crusa- secured at 10 a.m. Then the ROKs began a tortuous advance north- ward along the narrow, shell- scarred ridge, scene of the longest and Dennis, 18. The last three flew home from college Tuesday night. In ill health for several years, a chain reaction" and that the Dixje underwent a serious abdom- Democratic party "has learned jnal operation last July. Her condi- how to use the powers of govern-1 tion became critical several weeks rnent to keep this chain reaction going." "We believe in prosperity for all the he said, "and know how to get it." and perhaps even Pennsylvania. If their theory is correct, they will have a heavy majority of the Elec- toral College, although a popular majority much narrower than usual. Claims Doubted The theory is based on a series of assumptions, as follows: First, the Negro vote is larger and more solid than ever. Second, the Re- publicans have made but little dent on the other special, foreign-des- cended groups with the exception of the Irish, and even the Irish defection is minimized although acknowledged. Third, labor is aroused and solid. Fourth, despite its great power, the Eisenhower movement in the South has not shifted the basic, mass Democratic vote in that region. And fifth and perhaps most important, the inde- pendent voters are going over to Stevenson. All of these assumptions made by the Stevenson high command are at the very least highly argu- (Continued on Page 16, Column 5) ALSOPS Texas Going All Out to Get Voters to Polls By DAVE CHEAVENS DALLAS, Tex. Free baby ago. A close friend says she is suffering from kidney ailments. Dixie rallied sufficiently to per- mit Bing to go to France recently to make the movie "Little Boy Lost." She left her bed against j doctors', orders last Saturday to greet her husband at the railroad station upon his return from abroad. She suffered a relapse Sunday and sank into a coma Tuesday. der said 'I do' to the lifelong cheer- leader for a dear-departed quiet past that is all so dead." This was another reference by Stevenson in his repeated accusa- tions that Eisenhower had become the captive of Sen. Taft. Ike to Vote In New York NEW YORK UPt Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower has decided to vote in New York City on election day sitters, quiet places of prayer for instead of using an absentee ballot. divine guidance in voting. Free rides to the polls. Reminders to expectant mothers to vote absentee ahead of the stork. That's the story aU over .Texas in the most intensive get-out-the- vote drive in its political history. MUitant partisans of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower and Gov. Adlai Stevenson, scrambling for Texas' 24 electoral single block in the South are behind much of the prodding for votes. But probably more is being stirred up by such nonpartisan organizations as the "Ballot Batta- lion" at Dallas, the Jaycees, Boy Scouts, the League of Women vot- ers and the churches. San Angelo set aside today as a day of prayer for divine guidance in voting. The First Baptist. Church aL Waco opened its chapel daily through election eve for voters who want to pray and meditate on whom to scratch Tuesday. Merchants at Brownsville are closing stores until 11 a.m. Tues- day, leaving notices on the doors saying they are freeing their em- ployes to vote and urging custom- ers to come along. The Republican presidential can- didate, it was disclosed yesterday, will vote next Tuesday on West 119th Street near his official resi- dence at Columbia University. He will get the election returns that night at his Commodore Hotel cam- paign headquarters. WEATHER Federal Forecast Winona and and warmer tonight and Thursday. Low tonight 32, high Thursday 65. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 47; minimum, 24; noon, 47; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (Wis. Cen. Observations) Max. Temp. 47 at a.m. to- day. Min. 20 at a.m. today. Noon thin, scattered, visibility 15 miles, wind south, southwest at 16 miles per hour. Barometer 30.05, falling, hu- midity 63 per cent House Democratic Candidates Leading By PRINCETON RESEARCH SERVICE Kenneth Fink, Director PRINCETON, N. closeness of the national political race, attested by last Sunday's Princeton Research Service report on the presidential chances, is further emphasized by the latest nation-wide survey of voter preference in' the congressional elections. Results 01 the survey made by Princeton Research Service's United States PoU In a program broadcast nation- ally last night by radio and tele- vision, he said: "This morning, there was a very significant item in the paper. It was this: There was quoted a top secret document of the American it got prob ably. "There was a military estimate made in -September, 1947, and it had this miUtary continuous battle'since Heartbreak 1 occupation of South Korea is not Ridge last November. I essential to the security of the ........-----J 'United States." How Released He asked his studio audience: "And how was top secret docu- ment released? Wouldn't you like to know? Many Americans would." In Minneapolis Monday, Sen. Wayne Morse of Repub- lican who has bolted his party and said he could not support Eisen- a government memo- randum to an audience at the Uni- versity of Minnesota. It was signed by the late James Forrestal, former secretary of de- fense, and was dated Sept. 26, 1947. The significant paragraph read: "The Joint Chiefs of Staff con- sider that from a standpoint of military security, the U. S. has little strategic interest in main- taining the present troops and bases in Korea...." Eisenhower, as Army chief of staff at that time, was a member of the joint chiefs. The argument over responsibfl- ity for the actions that led up to the Korean War has been raging back and forth with increasing bitterness. Briefly, it centers on Roaring artillery barrages pound- ed the retreating Reds. Gen Mark Clark, touring Korea, congratulated Lt. Gen. Chung II Kwon, South Korean commander, for the "magnificent fighting" of his men. The Reds pounded U. S. 7th Div- ision troops on nearby Triangle Hill with artillery and mortar fire during the night. There was no contact by ground forces. nonpartisan reporters, show Demo- cratic candidates for the House of Representatives running ahead of Republican candidates. The mar- gin of difference is 2 per cent. The new survey results are _of special significance because th'ey indicate the basic strengths of the two major parties in the nation to- days before the all-im- portant presidential election. A comparison of today's national vote for congressmen with the ac-' tual congressional vote in the last three presidential election years shows that GOP sentiment is lit- tle stronger than it was in Novem- ber of 1940, 1944, or 1948. United States Poll reporters per- sonally asked an accurate cross- section of the nation's voters: "If the elections for Congress were being held today, which parry would you like to see win in this Republican or the Demo- The returns naturally varied by sections and states. In some southern districts there are no two- party Congressional contests on Nov. 4. The following table shows the results nationally among those wife had an opinion on the above question, or who, if undecided, stated toward which party they "leaned." NATION-WIDE Democrats 51% Republicans 49% When today's results are com- pared with the division of the major party congressional vote in 1940, 1944, and presidential elec- tion trend looks like this: National Congressional Vote Dem. Rep. 1940 ................53.1% 46.9% 1944 52.2% 47.8% 1948 53.7% May, 1952 (U.S. Poll) 50.0% 46.3% 50.0% July, 1952 (U.S. PoU) 49.96% 50.04% Aug., 1952 (U.S. PoU) 49.5% 50.5% Sept., 1952 (U.S. PoU) 49.0% 51.0% Today 51.0% 49.0% Today's poll of congressional election sentiment is of particular (Continued on Page 7, Column 1) POLL this: Military Estimate President Truman and other Democrats claim .Eisenhower, as Army chief of staff, bears part of the responsibility for decisions affecting American policy in the Far East. Eisenhower, in reply, says the joint chiefs made purely military estimates, at the request of the administration. He has emphasized his argument that a vast difference exists between such military esti- mates and political decisions. And he has accused Secretary of State Dean Acheson of making a major blunder in announcing, later, that the "defense perimeter" of the United States in the Far East did not embrace either Korea or Formosa, The general said last night: "The claim is made that that secret military estimate was re- sponsible for our highest political leaders making a political decision in 1949. If that is true, what these political leaders are saying is this: 'We abdicated our authority and responsibilities as the political leaders the civilian political leaders, and took a military esti- mate on an entirely different sub- ject, two years old, as bur alibi.' Illinois Prison Riot Stretches Info Third Day By TOM MADDOX CHESTER, 111. U) Unruly con _ _ __.......____ victs and taut-nerved officials at hower because they believe he is Wil Top Leadership Warns Stevenson Has Surrendered To Truman Group TAMPA, Fla. Ml Republican presidential candidate Dwigtt D. Eisenhower will give the United States world leadership it sorely needs, Democratic Gov. James F. Byrnes of South Carolina believes. On the other hand, Democratic candidate A d 1 a i Stevenson has "surrendered completely to the Truman adminis- (ration, Byrnes asserted in a talk prepared for de- livery at a lunch- eon rally of Dem- ocrats for Eisen- hower here to- day. Byrnes s a i d I Sept. 18 lie would vote for the Re- publican party! standardbe a r e r, and on Sept. 30 introduced Eisen- hower for a' speech from the F- South Carolina State House This was his first full-fledged campaign venture for Eisenhower out of his home state, where he has been a life-long Democrat. The former secretary of state under President Truman said Stev- enson has reversed his preconven- tion stands on civil rights, limiting debate in the Senate and on the Taft-Hartley Labor Law. "As the campaign Byrnes declared, "it became story of a bicycle built for with Mr. Truman on the front seat Stevenson had a right to change his mind on those issues, Byrnes said, but "the people of the South also could change their minds when he surrendered his position to the Truman administration." Byrnes said that the late Presi- dent Franklin D. Roosevelt once told him (Byrnes) of voting for Republican Theodore Roosevelt in ]904 because he was the best qual- ified man; and Byrnes cited a statement in a biography of Presi- dent Truman that quotes the Pres- ident as saying he once voted for a Republican county marshal. Thus, Byrnes said, "those Demo- crats who vote for Gen. Eisen- Menard State Prison pressed their endurance contest into a third day today with lives of 10 hostages de- pend'ing upon the outcome. The second uprising at the prison in two days and third in five weeks broke out yesterday after- noon in the Psychiatric Division. Most of 300 Psychiatric Division inmates who stormed the kitchen- dining room were herded back to cells, but 38 armed themselves with kitchen cutlery, seized three unarmed officers as hostages and barricaded themselves in the mess hall. Seven other officers were hos-1 tages of 332 east cellhouse inmates j who rebelled Monday. Sherwood Dixon, acting governor in the absence from the state of Adlai E. Stevenson, and other officials scheduled a talk with the psychiatric inmates today, provided they release their three hostages. the best qualified candidate will do only what has been done by Demo- cratic leaders." "No longer." he said, "can we look to the National Democratic party for protection of states rights. When the Democratic party desert- ed the principles of Jefferson and Jackson, the reasons which caused the South to be loyal to the Demo- cratic party ceased to exist." On the other hand, Byrnes de- clared, "Gen. Eisenhower visited the South and asked for our sup- port. He assured us that the rights of the states will be preserved as provided under the Constitution." Earlier, the psychiatrics called for the governor. had 4 Million Persons Over 65 Working WASHINGTON Ufl Rep. Leslie C. Arends, Illinois Republican, said today that four million of the 13 million persons over 65 in this country are working "in order to live." He attributed this to "fright- ful inflation." Illinois State Troopers, called to augment the guard detail, file into Menard Penitentiary at Chester, HI., where on Tuesday, a second group of rioting convicts added to the rebellion of 332 con- victs who are holding seven prison guards as hostages. The mutinous convicts have demanded that Gov. Adlai Stevenson come to Menard to hear their complaints and demands. ;