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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 27, 1949, Winona, Minnesota WARMER TONIGHT, MILD FRIDAY VOLUME 49, NO. 214 SUPPORT YOUR COMMUNITY CHEST WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 27, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY-FOUR PAGES TODAY- Wage Law Coverage Uncertain By James Marlow Washington You're an em- ployer. Theres a new minimum wage-hour law. You want to know right now precisely what each item in it means and how it affects you, your business, your employes, j At this moment no one can give' an answer saying what the law, means in every possible case Generally, this much is true: Most employes, employers and businesses cov- ered by the law, which was passed in 1938, are covered by the new law. But the new law has Marlow removed some people from cover-j after charges against him had been; age and has made some other! dismissed in municipal court here. I Ordered released was 24-year-old j McMullen, a salesman for! Ken S. Gold Company who hadj cents an hour. Under the old cited by State Public Examiner! the minimum was 40 cents, j Richard A. Coiling for allegedly But there Were other changes.'paying three former commissioners some of them stated in such total of to influence their language by Congress that no one j actions in the sale of a used motor can misunderstand them. For ex- grader by the county board to the 4 Hunters Lost Near Walker McMullen Released, Bribe Case Dismissed Setback Second For State in Recent Prosecutions A St. Paul equipment salesman who had been accused of offering bribes to three former Winona coun- jty commissioners, .was free today! changes as well. The outstanding change: Every ample: A public telephone exchange, and Gold company in September, 1947. Dismissal of the charge against its operators, are exempt from the i McMullen was ordered by Judge minimum wage and overtime pro-IE. D. Libera on the motion of visions of the law if that Attorney W. Kenneth Nis- change serves less than 750 sta-jsen who told the court Wednesday! tions. j afternoon that present evidence held A number of other the state "does nofc the and their employes are also ex- of the complaint against empted, clearly, under the new law. But the law's effect on other busi- nesses and their less clear. It's so McMullen." Second Setback for State Nissen's motion was presented i shortly after 2 p. Judge" overruled Two fo, Hang Nov. 15 for Slaying Gandhi New Delhi, India The home ministry announced today that N, V. Godse and Narayan Apte will be hanged November 15 for the assassination of Ma- hatma Gandhi in January, 1948. Godse, who shot Gandhi, and Apte were convicted of the as- sassination conspiracy and sen- tenced to death last February by a special court in Delhi's red fort. A home ministry spokesman said Delhi Session Judge S. S. Dulat had signed the warrants for the execution. The warrants are being sent to Atnbala jail the hanging will take place unless clemency is grant- I ed' Five other convicted conspira- tors were sentenced to life im- prisonment. One defendant was acquitted. Army Prisoner Slain Trying to Escape on Farm Manhunt for 8 Jailbreakers Spreads Out Delaware Convicts Overpower Prison Guard in Escape Wilmington, Del. A wide-, spread manhunt was on today for] eight convicts who escaped from the New Castle county prison with guns and ammunition taken from the jail arsenal. The by a 20-year-old life term a daring! break through the prison's front1 Bate last night after locking up Guard Captain Harry Harrington and using another guard as a shield. A burst of machine gun fire from a prison tower failed to stop them. Five of the escapees were report- ed to have boarded a Pennsylvania Railroad freight train bound for Rending. Pa. Two others forced J. L. Elliott, a stationery store clerk, to drive two blocks in his own car and then shoved him out before driving off. State police established road- blocks throughout the Wilmington area and alerted authorities of ad- joining states to be on the lookout for the men, described as "danger- ous." Escape Forced Harrington's version of the es-, .LCOO ucoi. uuuiem ui lacL i Milwaukee military pri- cape gave these details: that it nrobablv will takp veafs motlon bv McMullens attorney soner was snot and kined yester- Shortly before 7 p.m. y ifor the dismissal of the charge. lday while trying to flee the TT fore court decisions say precisely what the effect is in different cases. __., ____ ___ S.jthe prisoners were taken back to I It was the first instance in barracks here, cell blocks from the exercise! (current round of bribe cases through-; officials said. yard. the state that a county attor-] xhe prisoner was listed as 31-! Danny Morris, 20-year-old life I had moved for dismissal of Frank E. Mack of convicted of slaying Wil- I charge and was the second set-1 York city, serving a five-year term mington Detective Thomas Conaty suffered by the state desertion the law and lay down can't at this time give prosecution'of de- Ions covering every possible case.jfendants in bribe actions. Interpretation Needed So, if you have any doubts as to how this new law affects you, your business or your workers, do one of two things: 1. Ask the Wage-Hour adminis- tration for a ruling in your case. 2. Ask your lawyer. If you do No. 1 and don't like the decision the Wage-Hour admin- istration gives you and then decide to ignore it, you'd better be ready Last week a defendant in a county board bribe case was acquitted by a jury in Anoka. The three former commissioners who allegedly had received the bribe from J. Ko- berton, Prank J. Preston and Wil- liam K. at yes- terday afternoon's court session but were not called upon to 'testify. on Christmas, 1947, asked Harring- Public Information Officer Cap-1 ton for an aspirin. The convicts tain Nichols E. Pluyeras, released'then jumped Harrington and Guard this account of the shooting: Mack was working under armed guard in a farm area. At about p.m., after a rest period, he broke free, ran between two silos, crossed a field and cleared a fence. The guard, meanwhile, repeated- ly called for Mack to halt. He then fired a warning blast into the air. When Mack did not stop, the guard Harry Beck, and locked them in a cell. His companions hidden, Morris went alone to another guard, Char- les Lynch, and askecP to be let through a door to get some papers from the printing shop where Mor- ris worked. As Lynch opened the door, he was seized and taken to the prison j Flames Leaped 200 Feet in the air as fire destroyed the Vanderzyl elevator at Prairie City, Iowa. George Vanderzyl. the owner, said about bushels of corn and 500 bushels of soybeans were de- stroyed in the blaze. Firemen in the foreground managed to save the Rock Island railroad depot, just across the street from the elevator. Vanderzyl estimated the loss at (AJP. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Each previously had pleaded guiltyjfired a second shot. The slug struck; arsenal. the convicts used to charges of accepting bribes in; for a court fight. It's the job of i connection with county board trans- the Wage-Hour administration to actions and had paid fines. see that the law, and its interpre-j When McMullen was formally ar- tatlon of the law, are lived up to.lraigned in municipal court Wed- Because no one at this time canlnesday morning his attorney Ed- give an explanation that will fit allsward J. Devltt of St. Paul, had. possible cases, it's clear the final I petitioned for the dismissal of the! answers won't be in for charge on the ground that1 Why? McMullen had received immunity Because various employers and'from prosecution by furnishing evi- their lawyers will decide that that led to the conviction of Ings handed down under the tnree commissioners, law by the Wage-Hour admmistra-j Insufficient Evidence tion are contrary to what Congress j Judge Libera took the motion: Mack above the hip. The prison-) Lynch's keys to obtain a quantity er died in the barracks hospital of guns and ammunition. SITI hrrnr Intpr T.TmoV, an hour later. Barracks authorities declined to name the guard who fired the shot. Admiral Denfeld May Resign Soon j Handcuffing Lynch, the men marched in single file prison fash- ion toward the gate house With Lynch at the head of the line, a pistol in his back. One of the convicts pressed the! button controlling the electrically- operated gate and the parade mov- ed out into the open. Tower Guard Raymond Pritch- ard spotted the men but withheld Scholarships Suggested for Nonveterans Kansas City, Mo. Education Commissioner Earl James McGrath today proposed a 000-a-year scholarship program foridalist states." the future and that this is the true, correct relationship among the so- J116, advisement during a noon re- [Arends (R.-I11.) said today he has announced at the begin-Ibeen informed that Admiral Louis the afternoon session that will be asked to resign in the preme the end will have the motion would be denied. day or two" as chief of naval to clear up a number of quesiion-j Nissen then addressed the court'Operations. fire until the convicts shovedlmore than nonveteran col-1 Washington Representative Lynch aside and ran. Then he fired! iege students o of So they'll take it to court. Judges iC2SS the justices of the a burst of bullets but none struck the fleeing men. McGrath also suggested a on sounded this serious a day in which a MoscowjYYltn jenatOTS newspaper accused him of, lavishing spy, able points under the new law. !and expiamed that the state'felt' Arends demanded that the a life'term for murder; Joseph In a general way the law applies that it had insufficient evidence to armed services committee take ___________________ D _______ t __________ __ __ _______ The escaped convicts in addition! of federally guaranteed loans to; named as the Yugoslav-born Metro- (tor Elmer Thomas (D.-Okla.) said to Morris were identified as: j college and university students simi- 1 politan Opera Soprano Zinka Kunc j yesterday that arms aid to friendly _ .John H. Miner. 25, Florida to those now to Worid Milanov. The singer, interviewed over security." telephone, said the story in the! He was spokesman for seven a Langford, 25 Bellefonte, Del. ten Boats Found Upset Near Longville Minneapolis Men Sought by Searching Party Walker, Minn. Four duck hunters from Minneapolis and the Robbinsdale area were reported missing today at Sand lake, five miles east of Longville, after two boats, both overturned, drifted to shore. The four have not been seen since Tuesday morning when they left their cabin to hunt. Sheriff J. Elmer Johnson of Cass county, who is leading a search, said he was informed by S. S. Sor- enson of Robbinsdale, Minn., own- jer of the cabin, that he had given jkeys to Andrew Lehmann of 2919 jLyndale avenue. i Mrs. Sorenson said the hunting party was made up of Lehmann, his brother Steve of Crystal Village, (and J, M. Cavanaugh and R. E. Finer, both of Minneapolis. Residents near the Sorenson cabin said they heard the party shooting up until 10 a. m. Tuesday. A strong wind came up shortly afterward. A large party of searchers left Walker this morning. Sorenson and several relatives and friends of the missing men left Minneapolis this morning to join in the search. One of the overturned boats was a duck boat. The other was a row- boat with an outboard motor at- tached. Sheriff Johnson said found four empty gun cases in the cabin. Talk Deadline In Steel-Coal Disputes Denied Washington The White House said today President Tru- man has set no deadline on media- tion efforts in the steel-coal dis- putes and is "keeping hands off" for the present. Charles G. Ross, presidential sec- tary, described as "entirely with- out warrant" reports that Mr. Tru- man planned to intervene in the if they were not settled by weekend. A cabinet officer told reporters yesterday that the President, had decided to step in if the strikes were not settled by this weekend. He asked not to be publicly identi- fied by name. Boss said the President has kept abreast of the progress of concilia- tion efforts, through John R. Steel- man, his assistant, who has been Tito Set to Fight Russian Domination By Alex Singleton Tito last night promised to "fight endur- ingjy" against Russian attempts to dominate Yugoslavia. "We said Tito, "that in this struggle we are fighting for a great, just cause that will Thye in Norway Oslo, Norway U. S. Sena- nations is "America's investment: :sioners regarding the matter as a witness the House hearings on differences And in some cases it's the work conflicting and that, apparently, done by the individual employe ;oniy Of the commissioners tne anned services. in a business covered by the law any direct dealing with McMullen tells whether that employe regarding the transaction have circulated since that would 'be ousted from the Navy's is really covered by the law. For He explained that the was top post and that Vice-Admiral For- on a at tns wmiams rest T Sherman would succeed him example: Under the old law an employe hotel after the sale of the grader 'he Washington Post and was covered if he was considered had been completed and that the tne Washington Evening Star pub- necessary for production of goods money "could be construed as a stones today saying Sherman in a firm engaged in commerce. Say, for example, that John Jonc- was a windowwasher in such a firm. If the Wage-Hour admin- istration ruled that Jones' window- washing was a "necessary" part of the firm's business, then he was covered under the old law. But the new law knocks out the word "necessary" and says, the law applies only to people consid- ered "directly essential" to the pro- duction of goods in interstate com- merce. Now, then, under the new law is Jones covered? Can he be con- sidered "directly essential" to the I firm's business? The same ques-! tion might arise in the case elevator operators, scrubwomen, and so on. If the Wage-Hour administration now rules that washing. windows is "directly essential" to the firm's work, the employer may argue: "He's not essential. I can still run my business without clean .win dows." Then he calls in his lawyer and the fight starts in court to have a judge finally decide whether Jones is covered by the law. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity Fair and warmer tonight. Friday generally lair and mild. Low tonight 46; high Friday 70. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 62; minimum, 31; noon, 62; precipitation, none; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on page 21. (Continued on Page 13, Column 4.) (has been called to the capital. gia, 12 years for robbery; Victor Brysou, 29, Minquadale, Del., rob- bery; Edward Ernst, 25, Wilming- get to college." speech to a visiting group ans who had fought alongside his ton, four years for robbery, andjto the G. I. bill of rights." McGrath called the proposals a partisans during the last war. He "civilian bill of rights "We shall we shall Edward J. Hardy, 23, Wilmington, He outlined the proposals, to prevent Yugo- six months for breaking and by the office of education asislavia's subjugation by Russia. ing. Palmer and Miner are' groes. possible basis of federal legis- jlation, in an address prepared forj Subjugation Fought Russia's said Tito, "are recaptured a short time later, po- in touch with them through Cyrus Ching, Federal Mediation director. The strikes are still in the hands Norwe- of the mediation service, Boss em- jphasized. _____I Ching was reported trying to get by" the Norwegian governrnent Murray, president of the- today will be received by KingjCJ.O. and head of its striking Haakon. i steelworkers union, to negotiate di- The group includes Senator Thyejrectly today with the U. S. Steel I Corporation in New York. Langford and Bryson escaped delivery before the association of! following a policy of unconditional from the were land grant colleges and of small socialist coun- The proposals call for tries by a big socialist country." of a year for undergraduates! This Tito termed a breach in the and for graduate of relations between scaled upward for those with de-i socialist partners, pendents. I The Yugoslav leader conceded! that the pro-'that "socialism in the Soviet posed fund would provide scholar- jwm not fail" because of the Yugo- ships for undergraduates fight against the kremlin policy, about graduates and pro-1 .Socialism, Tito said, "is a reality fessional school students. "Academic I the Soviet know that. But we also know that today the promise and abilitiy" would be the measures of eligibility. Accidents Claim 3 Lives in State By The Associated Press Accidents, including the death of another farm worker killed by a in Wild-Flyins Pilot Terrorizes Florida Town, Shoots Self ciearwater, Fla. A 23-year- Mandalay boulevard at times they u t terrorized ciearwater see the expression of the i further development of socialism talents for two hours with wild power other countries of the world." (dives in a stolen plane, then calmly leadership of the U.S.S.R. does have the right point of view on the j (pilot's face. Watkins made a series of dives at homes in the exclusive Country Stanley Chapek, 25, strangled when his clothing caught Earlier today the Literary Gazette j landed and shot himself to death ;Club and Belleair sections. Again linked Tito's name with that of today. land again the aircraft hurtled earth- Opera Star Milanov in the Police chlef George McClamma'ward, only to zoom back into the Russian personal attack to date on identified the youth as Samuel The landing gear scraped fronds the kremlin s chief Yugoslav oppo-1 Watkins, member of a well known'off palm trees on several dives, nent. Milanov laughed about the j Virginia family. Magistrate B. L.j Finally Watkins flew back to the story' Baker pronounced the death a sui-1 airport, its runways lighted by the Generals Wife icide. of police cruisers. Flying Mademolselle Milanov. as she is, officials pieced together this the pilot opened the cockpit t0 mf 1 Watktos telephoned a girl and shouted "get the hell GlenrtUe PUWlC' th6' night about and the field." Glenyille eral Ljubomlr men. They were mar- her he uad decided to kilThim-: Lands, Shoots Self ried in 1947 at the Yugoslav em- in the picker while he was working b m Washington, D. C. on a farm near Oakland ten miles) her debut at New Turk's Metropolitan Opera in 1937. ers failed in efforts to revive Chapek from the Earlier yesterday, Gust Olson was fatally injured by a picker near Foley. self. Then he hung up. Then he made a perfect landing, and until her marriage was a lead- there. The Front Of- The New Caatle, Del., county prison from which eight armed convicts fled last night is shown above. The convicts, led by an 18-year-old life term prisoner, escaped through the front gate at right center. A guard said he fired from the small tower over the gate house but apparently failed to hit any of the men. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Hunters last night found a boat 'holding the body of Rodney Keat- jing, 11, Duluth, who had been miss- ing for 24 hours. The boy appar- ently rowed over to Whiteside is- land in the St. Louis river Tues- day night, feared to return after darfc-and perished of exposure. George A. Kriese, 77, St. Paul, also became an operatic headliner in South America, at Buenos Aires and Rio de Janeiro. After her marriage to nich, she Thirty minutes later frantic resi-1applied his brakes and cut his. dents from virtually every to less than 100 feet. Police of town called police a pistol shot, closed In and to report that a plane, flying Watkins unconscious with a out lights, was buzzing rooftops. Po-i wound in the temple, a pistol on lice cruisers spotted the zooming, I the cockpit floor, diving plane and ambulances werei Watkins died in a hospital at readied for a crash. Fishermen Duck Watkins hurtled the Piper Cub toward the Memorial causeway a, m. today, without regaining consciousness. Police Chief McClamma said Wat- kins had stolen the plane from a returned to Yugoslavia and has drawbridge and fishermen lining the j flying service at Ciearwater airport, sung occasionally in Belgrade sincejspan were forced to cower behind j When he brought it back to the field her' return. Tito has been report- ed as an admirer of her voice. The soprano said today she hopes to leave Belgrade soon for a three- the third victim, was killed by concert tour in the United car driven by Mrs. C. W. Lewis of j States. Her itinerary has been ar- Sandstone as he crossed the she said, but so far she has way at Hugo. [not received an entry permit. concrete guard rails. Three times the plane screamed across, once missing the bridge tender's shelter by pilot was of a "moody inches. Then the plane began raking Ciearwater beach. Cafe and night club patrons reported the little plane zoomed so low over broad its gasoline tank was empty. Chief McClamma said the young but never spoke of suicide until he phoned his girl frined. McClamma withheld the name of the girl. The body was sent today to Farm- ville, Va., Watkins' family home. ;