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View Sample Pages : Winona Republican Herald, October 27, 1947

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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 27, 1947, Winona, Minnesota W EATHER tonlffhtl c ONTRIBUTE To Wlnona'i Community Chert VOLUME 47. NO. 213 Full Leaied Wire Report of The Associated Pros___________________________________ MINNESOTA. MONDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 27, 1947_ Member of the Audit Bureau of FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGESf VUlAJiVIC. 50 Dead, 18 Missing in Plane Crashes RA Axvirt Writer, Branded As Red, Held in Contempt John Lawson Refuses to Answer Query Charges Questioning Invasion of Rights As Citizen House un- American activities committee to- dny voted John Howard Lawnon, screen writer. In contempt for re- fusing to tell It whether ho is or ever was a communist. Robert E. Stripling, committee In- vestigator, said that because tho present hearings on communist ac- tivities In Hollywood arc being con- ducted by a subcommittee tho ac- tion will have to be submitted later to meeting of the full committee. If the contempt citation Is voted by the full committee, a statement of its action In tiled with the speaker of the HOUM Who can turn the mat- ter over directly to the United States attorney for prosecution. Prosecution would be before a Jury. The law calls for a fine of to and Imprisonment of one month to a year in Jail for anyone found guilty. Excused Lawson, screen writer, was ex- cused from the witness stand today. Lawson shouted during a tumult- ous exchange with Committee Chairman Thomas (R.-N. J.) that he was refusing to answer tho ques- tion because It was an Invasion of his private rights as a citizen. He contended that It is a question the committee has no con- authority to ask, THe committee is holding hearings on communist activities In tho movie Industry. Aa Lawson lathed out at the committee, Thomas repeatedly banged gavel In an attempt to halt Lawson. Thomas said that Lawson had asked, through his attorney, to be heard. If he refused to respond to the committee's questions, Thomas wild, then he would bo excused from the stand and tho record of the committee would stand without his testimony. At the end of the exchange be- tween the witness and Thomas, Lawson arose from the committee chair and resumed his placo in tho section of the room reserved for witnesses. Some spectators booed and Thomas rapped violently for order. Card Iwrued Then Louis J. Russell, a commit tee Investigator, was called to th stand and testified that n Com jnunlst party membership card wa issued to Lawson In 1044. Tho card Russell said, boro number 47275 am WRS issued to "John Howard Law son. Identified as a movie writer." Robert E. Stripling, chief com rnlttee Investigator, took over, H read a long memorandum of wha he said were Lawson's actlvltlc showing his communist affiliation Stripling also read several article, he sold Lawson hixd written for thi communist newspaper, The Pally Worker. Stripling said he also has over 100 exhibits "showing Mr. Lawson's af- filiation with the Communist When Lawson was called ns I witness, his attorney, Robert W Kenny, renewed n. challenge, firs' last week, of tho committee's ftUthorlty to issue a subpoena (sum- mons to appear and testify) for Shown Top, Led by Lauren Bmcall and..Humphrey..Bogart. are a delegation of marching to the Capitol today for the session of the House un-American activities committee hearing on communism-in: behind the leaders ore left to right, Paul HenreidY June Havoc and Danny Kaye. In the lower picture Is John Howard-Lftwaoiri; screen writer, shown as ho leaves the witness stand ut the hearing after he was excused when he refused to state whether he is or ever has been a communist. Attor- ney Bnrtlcy Crum, counsel for Lawson. is at right. Wirephotos "to Tho Lawson figures, and 18 other Hollywood The committee, after .a huddle in a closed-door session, overruled Ken- ny's challenge and called Lawaon to the stand. Lawson was named by Howard Ru.ihmorc, New York newspaper- man. In testimony last week as ono of the directors of communist ac- tivities In Hollywood. Rushmoro said he himself was formerly a communist. Group In the audience was a group of 25 film personalities, led by Humphrey Bocart, who came to the Capitol to protest the course of the commlt- tet'z Investigation. The star-studded party arrived by chartered plane late last night and held a midnight news conference at which Director John Huston em- phasized thst members hnd no in tentlon of creating a scene before the House committee on un-Amorl- can activities, starting tho second week of its reds-in-HolIywood hear- In Cs. They Intend, Huston said, to talk Individual members of Congress In an effort to "correct the abuses" they claim have been inherent iri the committee's investigation. "We hope eventually to sco this rammltwc legislated out of exist- Huston declared. None of the group is among the two-score movie figures subpoenaed for tho hearings, but members stild they would be available ns witnesses if the committee chose to call them. Otherwise they planned to attend as spectators, Huston said. The committee took no formal notice of the new organized Into the Committee for thr First Amendment and said no special arrangements had boon made to accommodate them. Food Shortage May Bring Chaos, World Study Finds By Ovid A. Martin Washington An international emergency food coimcil report said today the twin problems of food and dollar shortages abroad could result In world "economic collapse, if not chaos." The report said world food production this crop year will he slightly below last year's skimpy output and appreciably tftlow prewar. It added that the decline Is serious because there are or eight per cent, more people to feed now than before the war. Per capita food supplies for this crop year, which ends next June 23 Killed in Train Crash Near Scottish Border Edinburgh, Scot- Ish officials today placed dead and 70 Injured the at toll casualties which 'resulted yester- day when an Edinburgh-London Express jumped the rails near the Scottish border and piled up In a ditch, It was Britain's second major rail disaster in three days. Friday a suburban electric train smashed in- to another commuters' train at South Croydon, a London suburb, Wiling 31 persons and injuring at least 00. Yesterday's accident occurred near Bcrwlck-on-Twecd, Just south or tho Scottish frontier. Tho en- gine tincl 11 coaches hurtled off the tracks and three of the coaches plunged down an embankment into meadow. Stassen Optimistic About '48 Campaign 'South St. Paul, mer Governor Harold Stassen was optimistic about his campaign for Jio Bepubllcan nomination for jresldent when he returned home soday after a swing through New York. New Jersey and Pennsyl- vania. "Wo have rallied support to our standard from nearly all walks of lie and from every section ol the he said. Before leaving for California ho 30, will be two or three per cent below last year's level and nearly ten per cent below prewar produc- tion, the report said. It emphasized, however, that the change from prewar levels of food consumption has not been uniform. Supplies this crop year were said to vary country by country from as much as 30 per cent below to as much ns 15 per cent above. U. S.'Consumption High Dr. D. A. Fitzgerald, secretary- general ol tho 35-nation emergency council and author of tho report said food consumption is highest in the United States and Argentina and lowest in parts of Europe and Asia. Tho council serves principally as an agency for dividing scarce foods among shortage areas. Reporting that bad weather was responsible for the drop In this year's food production, Fitzgerald said "unprecedented al and be re- quired if the mounting crisis is to bo successfully weathered." He told the council there seems Ittlo prospect that the world can work its way completely out of its food difficulties, particularly its shortage of cereals, for some years ;o come. Train to Collect Food "Friend- ship train" will make a west-to- east crossing of the country next month under sponsorship of the citizens food committee to collect gifts of food for Eu- rope. The freight train will leave Los Angeles on November 7 and will 'reach 'New York city 11 days later after making stops to pick up carloads of food at more than 40 cities along the way. Chairman Charles Luckman of, the food committee said yes- terday the project is intended to tVilc ROH- Weathcr Factor Progress can bo made next year only if weather conditions are more nearly normal, Fitzgerald said. And state chalr- China Relief Pact Signed Chlna-Amerlcnn which official sources aid will cover approximately XW.OOO worth o{ relief supplies to China wns concluded today at a :ercmony in the foreign affairs wilding. Tho volumo of value of the sup- jlles was not stipulated, but official ources estimated China will rc- clvc free of cost approximately worth of food, medical sup- ples, clothing, fertilizers, pesticides, ucl and seeds. cned by drought-like conditions In major winter-wheat producing areas of this which are keeping many farmers from planting grain this fall. Without naming names, Fitzger- ald said the food problem Is com- plicated by a tendency on the part of some nations to seek special ad- vantages in the division of short supplies. He cautioned also against use of international allocation of foods as an instrument for controll- ing prices, lest such controls hinder production. The most uncertain factor of the future, he said, Is the question of whether there will be enough inter- nationally-accepted currencies to supply higher food demands. dramatize "this country's con- tribution to European relief. The Association of American Railroads, which will furnish the equipment, said the train is ex- pected to start out with flve car- loads of food donated by tho people of Los Angeles and to arrive in Chicago with about 80 cars. It will stop at Sacra- mento, Reno. Cheyenne, Omaha and other cities en route. At Chicago It will be split into two sections, each of which will pick up additional cars betoro reaching New Menomonie Girl Wounded in Gun Accident Menomonie, Wis. Hoyte 15. of Menomonie was wounded seriously yesterday when struck by the charge from a 12- gauge shotgun while visiting neigh- bors here. Authorities said a nine- year-old boy, playing with the gun in an adjoining room, apparently discharged the weapon accidentally. Miss Hoyt's condition was described by hospital attendants as fair to- Russia Drops Opposition Leader Count Against in poland Missing U.S. in U.N. Warmongering Complaint Is Amended By Max Harrelson Lake Success Russia to- day gave up her effort to have the United Nations "condemn" the Unit- ed States, Greece and Turkey for al- leged warmongering. In an effort to save his anti- "warmonger" resolution from defeat Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister An- drei Y. Vishlnsky accepted a Polish amendmcntwhich dropped the speci- fic charges against the three coun- tries Involved in the Truman aid program. The general assembly's 67-natlon political committee then rejected the Polish amendment by a vote of 23 to 18, with 14 abstentions. This knocked out the first paragraph the Soviet anti-warmonger measure which specifically named the U. 8.. Greece and Turkey. The committee defeated the sec- ond paragraph of the Soviet pro- posal, which declared that "tolera- tion" of "war propaganda" by any nation was a violation of "U.N. char- ter obligations. Andresen Testifies Before House Unit Meeting at Austin An Iowa Austin, Minn. farmer who paid his own way to Europe to study the food situation there, and a member of Congress back from -an official-trip to. Europe for the same purpose, Sunday told different stories of what they found there. Both spoke before the House ag- riculture committee now touring the country to study agricultural policy. Representative August H. Andre- sen member of the spe- cial House committee to study Eu- ropean aid, said: "When we left we were told by the State department to take food along and that there was starva- tion in Europe. We visited 11 coun- tries and In none of them did we see starvation. "I don't think the Immediate need Is as urgent as the President has McKlnlcy, of St. Ansgar, Iowa, one of 22 Iowa farmers who toured Europe last month, said that "We didn't see actually starving people, but we saw hungry people. By Larry Allen Warsaw The whereabouts of Stanislaw Mikolajczyk Polish opposition leader, remained a mystery today as the gov- ernment-sponsored left-wing faction of his Polish Peasant party took over the editorship of his newspaper Oazeta Ludowa and acted swiftly to reorganize the party along leftist lines. As yet there was no official comment on where who was probably watched more closely by security police than uny man in Poland might have fled or how he, his secretary and three aides might have crossed the Polish border. Government officials were openly delighted that Mlkolajczyk appar- ently had fled from Poland's political picture. They sold his disappearance had relieved the government of hav- ing to take action on its charges that the opposition leader was connected with underground activity. Meanwhile Peasant party left wingers, headed by former Minis- ter of Education Czeslaw Wyceeh, prepared to call on the Peasant su- preme council to take over power. Premier Josef Cyranklewicz scheduled to deliver an "expose" of the internal-international situa- tion before parliament Wednesday expected by many to reveal what the government knows about Mikolajczyk's disappearance. Mlkolajczyk's Peasant party fol- by their that hU departure would spell "the end" of any organized opposition to the Soviet-supported government of Cyrankiewlcz. The Peasant party leader, who has been under steady attack for the past few months by pro-government political parties and newspapers, recently said he expected to be ar- rested and share the fate of Nikola Petkov Bulgarian Peasant leader hanged lost month for "treason." Friends repeatedly had urged him to leave Poland and .carry on his fight against the communist gov- ernment from abroad... Popular in Britain Observers speculated today that the 45-year-old Mlkolajczyk might already be In the American zone of Germany, In Czechoslovakia, or even In London. Mlkolajczyk, who served as premier of the exiled Polish government In London dur- ing the war, Is well known and popular to Britain. (Polish sources in tbe British capital said that tho Polish leader might go to the United States to rally public opinion against the Warsaw regime. (The Daily Mall in London said that Mikolajczyk's wife, who has been living at Preston Hill, Mid- dlesex, believed her husband would come to Great Britain. The couple's 23-year-old son is attend- ing Trinity college, Cambridge uni- versity.) A Polish government spokesman .--_.---, said today that an investigation was The black market is rampant. I under way to determine how Stan- "I'm Scotch and I'm supposed to lslaw Mlkolajczyk, leader of the be hard boiled, but I hope we feed the hogs and cattle a little lighter and send these people something to keep them from starving. There's going to be a lot of starvation there between now and the next harvest." The committee stopped here en route to Sioux City, where a formal hearing will be held tomorrow on Jong-range agricultural policy. The committee members were guests here og Jay Hormel, chairman of the board of directors of Hormel Pack- ing Company, who arranged a meet- ing with farmers of this area. Girl, 7, Dies In Oshkosh Fire Oshkosh, Wis. Seven-year- old Judy Zastrow died Sunday night in a flre which gutted the interior of her parents' small, frame cot- tage on the outskirts of Oshkosh. Dr. G. A. Steele, Winnebago coun- ty coroner, said the little girl ap- dam-1 minutes after flremen arrived, with only minor burns on it. Cause of the fire was not deter- doy. Oshkosh Fires to Be Probed Oshkosh, Wls. Six sepa- rate fires were found on one floor of a downtown factory here Satur- _a ______ dav night Fire Chief Leo J. Girens parently lost her life by suffocation, said and announced an invcstlga- Her body, he said, was found un- tlon' wiuld be made of the blazesjder the bed In her mothers room which resulted in in dam-1--------------------------- ages. Two hours after the factory a second blaze was reported two blocks away in a woodshed attached to a tavern. The damage in the second fire amounted to and Chief Girens said the Investigation would attempt to learn if there was a connection between the fires. He said he had asked Deputy State Fire Marshall Earl Schwabe, Chllton, to make the Investigation Tho larger fJro Saturday occur- red at the C. A. Neubergcr Com- pany, manufacturers of aprons and women's dresses. It wns con- fined to one floor of the building. 15 Held in Mill City Gambling Raid Minneapolis Fifteen per- sons were arrested on gambling charges In a raid Sunday on a second floor apartment. Andrew Hanson, 26, was charged with keeping a gambling house and icld when ho did not furnish jail. Ten others were charged with gambling with dice and four were charged with being found in a gambling house. All were released on bail each. mined officially, but Fire chief Leo J. Girens said defective wiring might have been at fault. Judy's mother, Mrs. Harry Zas- trow, was home alone with her flve small children when the blaze broke out, but Girens said he was unable to piece together events preceding and following the discovery of names because of Mrs. Zastrow's near- hysterical condition. The mother suffered burns about her shoulders, he said, but was not hospitalized. Two other children, Kathleen, two, and Patricia, one, were taken to Mercy hospital for treatment. The other two children were not hurt seriously. Half of Veterans Apply for Training Washington The Veterans administration said today nearly half of the World War n veterans have applied for education or training benefits but less than one-third actually have started their courses. Veterans have until July 25, 1951 -or four years from their date of discharge, if that Is start bhelr training. opposition Polish Peasant party, had fled the country. Tho informant confirmed publish- ed reports that Mlkolajczyfc had es- caped. (Meanwhile, the British govern- ment promised in the House of Commons to give sanctuary to Ml- kolajczyk. Close associates of Mi- kolajczyk in London said they had received assurance that he was safe- ly out of Poland.) Poles generally accepted the the- ory that Mokaljczyk was on his way to Britain and possibly eventu- ally to the United States, Last seen with Mlkolajczyk were his secretary, Marie Hildwlcz: Vin- ccnty Bryja, treasurer ol tho Polish Peasant party; two Peasant party members of Stefan Korbouskl and Kaslmlr Be- jlnskl, and their wives. When Mikolajczyk's disappearance was reported, the government order- ed an immediate Investigation, but an informant said the check led to naught and that apparently the opposition head had long since crossed the Polish border. Navy Given N. J. Cathedral of Air Lakehurst, N. memorial Cathedral of the Air, dedicated to the memory of a nation's aviation heroes killed In service, was turned over to the navy yesterday at this headquarters of lighter-than-air operations by the New Jersey American Legion which built It. The Legion started construction of the cathedral In 1932. In accepting it for the navy, Vice Admiral William M. Fechteler, for- mer commander of the XJ. S. S. Indiana, said: "This Cathedral of the Air, where men and women of all races arid all faiths may gather to worship God In their own way, is a. most ap- propriate and Impressive memorial ;o this nation's departed aviation tieroes." Business, Labor Leaders Study Aid to Europe By Edwin B. Wuhintton The White House called in some 80 leaders o business and organized labor today for an off-the-record study of ways to help Europe without forcing prices at home stUl higher. At the same time, two senators who usually disagree on foreign policy matters voiced hope that the special session of Congress set for November 17 will limit its work to emergency assistance and leave the multl-bllllon dollar long range Marshall plan to the regular Thls view came from the veteran Senator Tom Connally