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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 24, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Frost Tonight, Warmer Wednesday Today Is United Nations Day VOLUME 50, NO. 211 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 24, 1950 TWENTY-TWO PAGES DISARMING AVENGE KOREAN ATROCITIES? Winonans Believe in Giving Reds Fair Trial, Education By Marilyn Gilbertson I What do Winonans think of the atrocities committed against Ameri-1 can prisonsrs of war in North Korea? What should be done with Com-j munist troops responsible for the recent murder of 68 American soldiers? Winonans who were asked these questions in a survey conducted today by The Republican-Herald overwhelmingly gave answers which are worthy of their Christian and American heritage. They said "retaliation won't work a fair trial is the only answer I. educate them in the ways of W democracy and justice as we have !in Japan A few of the 18 persons ques- tioned declared, "Give them the, Isame treatment. string them up. they deserve no better than1 what they've done." Batasn Survivor One of the clearest answers ;came from Sergeant First. Class Robert Reynolds, Army recruiter here who is a survivor of the Ba- taan death four years camps. "Yon can't take another 68 North Koreans and murder he said, "because two wrongs don't make a right. The only thing to do is to show them the American way of doing things." "Certainly we shouldn't show re- prisal by butchering their prison- ers. As a result of showing the Japanese the American and Chris- tian ways of life we've won them over completely. Atrocities are the result of ignorance, the lack of Christianity. They're not a neces- Paul Hanke Nachtsheim Sgt. Reynolds E. M. Davis Chinese Fire On U. S. Planes Along Border South Koreans Within 35 Miles Of Manchuria Seoul, Korea Two U. S Marine fliers said today Red Chi- na guns blazed across the Man- churian border at their planes fly- ing five miles inside Korea. They said neither plane was hit. A reliable source at Allied 10th corps headquarters said South Ko- march and of Japanese almost prison sary evil of war." "I think those responsible should have the death declared Traffic Accident Injuries Fatal for Dakota Youth, 15 David Burchell Dies in La Crosse After Crash Says Move Would Leave U. N. Free To War on Want President Warns U. S. Will Build Up Army Unless Russians Yield By Ernest B. Vaccaro Lake Success President Truman challenged Russia today to agree to a "fool-proof" disarmament plan so that the United Nations will be free to wage a world- wide against want." The United States and other free nations, Mr. Tru- man said, will continue to build up their military forces las insurance against aggression until there is unanimous agreement on "international President Truman and Russia's Andrei Vishinsky shake hands this morning at a U.N. reception at Flushing Meadow, N. Y., following the President's address to the General Assembly. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) control of atomic energy and the reduction of armaments and armed forces." i The United States, now commit- ited to that course, will follow it as jlong as necessary, the President said in an address before the United Na- tions general assembly on the fifth. j anniversary of the day on which the JU. N. charter came into force. i He left the door open for east- iwest peace talks both "in the United n n T j Nations and reference By Daniel Ee Luce did not expana_but gajd the free Berlin world "freedom !nations have learned the hard way bell" rang cut in Soviet-encircled negotiation alone will not pre- Berlin today to warn oppressors and serve peace. There must be armed Freedom Bell Rings Warning To Oppressors Freddie Naas David Whiicier rean troops would drive all the way James Elliott> 12S Lenox street, to the Manchuria border despite the internationally explosive situa- There are no plans, he disclosed at Wonsan. to stop the hard-driving ROKs short of the Yalu river. Ear- lier there had been unconfirmed reports that Allied troops would be give another cnance, orient halted 50 miles south of the bor- der, to prevent possible incidents with Red China. But they already are closer than that. Border Situation Touchy The plane incident highlights the touchy nature of the border situa- tion. On the north bank of the Yalu river, in Manchuria, Red China troops are massed. Big guns guard the border. Informed sources said American troops may be out of Korea by Christmas. First ele- ments of the U. S. Eighth armyj were expected to begin moving' back to Japan by .Thanksgiving. Australian. British and Philip-1 pine units also will be withdrawn as quickly as possible, the sources I said. The South Koreans are believed] to be capable of maintaining law and order once organized Red Ko- rean resistance is broken. Eisenhower In Favor of Arming Germany General Dwight D. Eisenhower says he is in favor of rearming Western Germany, 'but .with restrictions so they wouldn't'be a serious threat to Prance." "Traditionally Japan and Ger- many have been the balancing Eisenhower told a press conference yesterday. "So if we An "ambulance was summoned to couW West Germany into our _____ ._, take him to a La Crosse it would be a tremendous them as we did in saidiwhere he died at about in our favor." Dakota, Minn. 16-year-old Dakota youth died a La Crosse hospital early today of injuries suffered in a traffic acci- dent in La Crosse shortly after midnight. The victim of the mishap was (David Burchell, the son of Mr. and Mrs. Fred Lee of Dakota, whose car crashed into a parked truck near the approach to the Missis- sippi river bridge at La Crosse at about 1 a.m. today. .A student at a La Crosse high school, Eurchell was driving to his home at Dakota at the time of the fatal crash. Police who investigated the ac- food store manager. "The onlyjcident stated that the youth suf- thing to do is to punish them and not let them get away with it." "Our country is noted for leni- ency. Even when you consider what they've done to our fellows, we can't retaliate. We've got to fered internal injuries when his car struck the rear end of a semi- trailer parked near the bridge ap- proach at Third and Cameron streets. Ralph Salisbury, 454 East Sanborn today. street. Fair Trial Edward M. Davis, instructor at Winona State Teachers college, stated: "Demand that the com- of the soldiers committing the outrage be given a fair trial. If te's guilty, hang t him. Every commander is respon- TI o s t Mrs. Potter Miss Maroushck sible for the acts of his subordin- try The two Marine planes were on a! Hang. thenlj too> if you reconnaissance mission. them and find them guilty." The officer said at least 40 rounds of heavy anti-aircraft shells were fired at the two planes. The ack- ack apparently was radar-controlled. Troops Near Line The incident erupted along the volatile border as South Korean troops were reported within 35 miles of Manchuria on the fifth anniversary of the founding or the United Nations. The Korean war, first U. N. peace enforcement action, was drawing to a close. Only shattered remnants! remained of the once Red j Korean army that invaded Police stated that the truck was parked at the approach but that streets in the city were wet after a recent rainstorm. No definite cause of the mishap has been established as yet. The youth was alone in the car at the time of the accident. Funeral services have been set tentatively for Thursday at p.m. at the Nelson Funeral home in La Crosse. Burial will be. In the Hiler cemetery near Nodins. Friends may cajl at the funeral Discussing Asia, he said: "We j can't do this job alone. We can't have forces stationed all around the world. If we do, we become a bunch of imperialists." He told the newsmen the nation needs an armed force of mea, and added that "we cannot compete for them with industry; we home Wednesday'evening. In addition to his parents, the youth is survived by a grandmoth- er, three aunts and an uncle. Rail Engineers Plan Wage Talks Al At Age of Veteran Jazz Singer Just Back From Korea San Francisco Al Jolson, the veteran jazz singer who .was the first U. B. star to entertain troops overseas in both the second world and Korean wars, died un- expectedly last night with a quip on his lips: "Hell, Truman had only one hour with Mac Arthur. I had the famous Then. "I'm going, mammy singer told two longtime friends with whom he was playing gin rummy in the St. Francis ho- quickly, of a .and without tel. He died quietly, coronary occulsion. pain, said the house physician. Jolson, 64, had returned only must face the problem of universal two ago from Korea, where military training beginning at age hg sarig to Allieci troops. He had a 18." He estimated such a program luncheon chat with Gen- would supply two-thirds of tie arm- eral jjacArthur in Tokyo en route, ed force required, the additional third to be made up professional soldiers. Friends With Him President Trurnan and MacArth- ur talked privately just an hour on _ ur LaiKeu uiiva-Ltiy just. B.U uum uii The general, who is president a week ago Suaday olumbia universit, said he has Columbia university, said he hasj n not been offered the command t, fVio TIO r. f armTiaft jin u historic get-acquainted the Atlantic pact armies. "So far as I he said, there are no such armies, nor any ti forces of any size to command, j L-ranner (However, if anyone ever suggestsijrrnrn' With Jolson were .two old friends, Song Writer Harry Akst and Mar- "We should follow the pat- tern of procedure taken in the war trials in Japan and Ger- believed Robert Nacht- sheim, 464 Johnson street, St. Paul student. "The sentences should be made an example to future countries. We were too lenient after World Wa.r U. The leaders should be hanged to make them an example in preventing future atrocities." "The ones responsible should be >ed Paul Hanke, 472 street, a Rochestei we don't com' Washington The National will not duck it, no matter where Mediation board said today it would begin meetings next Monday with representatives of the railroads and locomotive engineers who seek I a 20 per cent wage increase in the jyards and expense allowances on the iroad. it takes me or how Eisenhower, who addressed a dinner meeting of the Columbia university club last night, asked the reporters not to question him on "one embarrassing re- ferring apparently to politics. Fried, Al's accompaniest and had come with him from southern California for a scheduled guest star spot on a give hope to the enslaved. General Lucius D. Clay solemnly dedicated the bronze symbol pre- sented by American citizens to this isolated Western outpost. More than Berliners overflowing city hall square joined with the for- mer U. S. military governor of Ger- many in the pledge: "To resist aggression and tyranny wherever they appear on this world, un- der God, shall have a. new birth o? freedom." Under the flag of the United Na- tions flying from city hall tower the big bell sounded its first peal to be carried around the globe by radio stations.' (It was Heard locally over KWNO.) West Germany's Chancellor Kon- rad Adenauer headed German dig- nitaries at the ceremonies. Rep- resentatives attended. or nearly 30 nations Al Jolson Bing Crosby radio show, to have been recorded here tonight. Akst telephoned Jolson's fourth wife, Erie Galbraith, whom he married in 1945. She was at Enci- (Continued on Page .19, Column 4.) JOLSON be no jtian act to mistreat them. Howev- jer, I do say those in command should be tried and if found guilty .be I jple ahead of leading ground troops. Few Reds Left Tokyo intelligence officers said organized resistance had ceased. But briefing officers at General MacArthur's headquarters said rem- nants of 16 Red Korean divisions still had divisional headquarters in Korea and were considered organ- ized units. Wholesale lots or North Korean soldiers continued to surrender. An estimated had laid down their arms or become war casual- ties. More were coming in from the hills to surrender. Premier Kim II Sung, the Korean Communist leader, had fled. Ameri- can warplanes dropped leaflets de- claring the man who posed as Kim Wis an impcster named Kim Sung Cnu who was sent to Korea in 1945. The leaflets said the real Kim n Sung, a Korean hero, died 15 years ngo in Manchuria. Three North Koreans who lived ander the Red regime for five years to Pyongyang said the Kim II a_ they knew m the P.ed capital was communism I don't think leader who answered jder, 470 Johnson street. i Said Mrs. J. F. Wooden, Jr., 968 East Broadway, who has a son in the Army in Korea: "The only kind of punish- ment I can think of is to give them the same kind of treat- ment, but we don't do that kind of thing. If we occupied Korea as we have Japan, and teach them, probably that would help in the future.'- "The thing to do is to try the individuals as we do stated Paul Koprowski, of the College of Saint Teresa faculty. "They were probably motivated by the inten- sity of the situation of their losing and of the push of their Commu- nistic ideas, to commit atrocities that probably could ue committed any Therefore, a be held. Those found be given the kind of out by the military command. With the atheistic ideo- by "robot" leader who answered Ho Kal U, a Russian citizen Korean extraction. of (Continued on Page 19, Column 5) WINONANS Villagers, at the lower right, watch as the Second battalion of the 187th regimental combat para- troop team descends in the Sukchon area of North Korea. A first battalion of the paratrooper unit had already secured the area after a mass descent the previous day. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republi- can-Herald.) Duck Hunter Wounded Near La Crosse I La Crosse, teen-age i duck hunter from Janesville was) wounded seriously today when shotgun blast struck him in the! The ten-ton freedom bell, install- ed in the flag-adorned city hall tower, was created through popular subscription in the United Stfites and sponsored by the U. S. Crusade for Freedom which General Clay leads. In his dedicatory speech Clay urged mankind to build a world "of 'ree nations and free men, living and working together, at peace." Clay expressed hope that the bell would sound a warning to oppres- sors and give confidence to the en- slaved. "Though parts of the world are barricaded against he said, "its voice cannot be sept out. It will be heard. It will be heard every- there are human beings who yearn to live and work and worship as free men." The lad, James Casey, taken to a La Crosse 16, was hospital where attendants said his condition was serious. The.full charge of the gun hit him in the left arm below the elbow. Officials said Casey and Leon- ard Riesterer, 16, of Route 1, Janes- ville. were hunting ducks at Brice CROP Loads Its First '50 Food Ship Chicago Token shipments of food donated by farmers from 17 states were freighter for loaded aboard shipment today to Prairie lake, miles north of Europe's needy. The ship's scheduled departure coincided with "United Nations day." The vessel, a freighter of Ho'Uand's Oranje line, is expected here. They said Riesterer reach Bremen, Germany, in he had shot a duck which 20 days, into the water some distance from! The "friendship food ship, is shore. Casey jumped into their! the first of the Christian Rural boat and started when a shotgun discharged. retrieve it j Overseas Program (CROP) 1950 the bottom Thye Forecasts Higher Taxes Albert Lea, Minn, Senator Edward J. Thye (R.-Miim.) told 200 farmers and businessmen here last night that taxes are going even higher. Thye said he "guesses" Congress will pass an excess profits tax either retroactive to July 1 or October 1 "when it reconvenes November 27." He spoke at the annual Kiwanis club "farmers night." He blamed the war in Korea for the increase in taxes and said Con- gress started cutting taxes, but had to reverse its thinking. Farm products need price support, he said, so that the nation's econ- omy can remain stable. Two prob- lems that face Congress are (1) To maintain a stable economy and (2) To watch for inflation. He strongly'advocated aid to Eu- drive. In three years of existence, CROP has collected 3.555 carloads of food for distribution in Europe strength as well, he said, to resist aggression. With delegates from. Russia.and her iron curtain satellites in his audience, Mr. Truman avoided mentioning Russia by name, but his indictment of Communist ag- gression followed the lines of his San Francisco speech a week ago.' Red Armies Peril Peace At that time, he said "The So- viet Union and its colonial satel- lites" in both Europe and Asia, maintaining vast armies which posa "a constant -threat to world peace." Much of today's talk was devot- ed to the hope of world disarma- ment. In that connection, he said the U. N. might well consider whfether its work in that field "might be revitalized" through merger of two groups it has had working on the problem, one on general disarma- ment and the other on control of atomic energy. Mr. Truman offered these three 'basic principles" for disarma- ment: the plan must In- clude all kinds of weapons. Outlawing any particular kind of weapon is not enough. The conflict in Korea bears tragic witness to the fact that aggres- sion, whatever the weapons used, brings frightful destruc- tion. "SECOND, the pten must be based on unanimous agree- ment. A majority of its na- tions Is not enough. No plan of disarmament can wnrk un- less it includes every nation hiving substantial armed forces. One-sided disarmament is a sure invitation to aggres- sion. "THIRD, the plan Jnust be fool-proof. Paper promises are not enough. Disarmament must be based on safeguards which will insure the compli- ance of all nations. The safe- guards must be adequate to give immediate warning of any threatened violation. Disarma- ment must be policed continu- ously and thoroughly. It must be founded upon free and open interchange of information across national borders." Mr. Truman conceded that the possibility of attaining that goal (Continued on Page 1.1, Column 2.) TRUMAN rope and Asia in its fight againstjpute with religious bloc members of Communism. Milwaukee Murder Trial Adjourned first degree murder trial of Mrs. Elsie Wrosch, 46, has been adjourned until Jan- uary 2, 1951, Deputy District At- torney Joseph Tierney said Monday. and Asia, The 1950 goal is Mrs, Wrosch is charged in the cars. of her 70-year-old husband. Food collected by CROP is distri-jBarnhard. When Wrosch died the buted overseas to needy personsicause was listed as cancer, but ex- regardless of race, creed or color by humation cf the body last winter the three parent agencies of showed arsenic in the vital organs, Rural Life, Church authorities said. Mrs. Wrosch has World Service and Lutheran World j denied any connection with the death. Tierney said Circuit Judge Arthur Kopp of Platteville, who will try the case, was unable to place it on his calendar this year. At present Mrs. Wrosch Is free on bail. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Fair and cooler tonight with frost or freez- ing temperature. Wednesday gen- erally fair with slowly rising tem- perature. Low tonight 35 in city, 28 in country. High Wednesday 58. LOCAL WEATHEE Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m, today: Maximum, 53; minimum, 39; noon, 53; precipitation, trace; sun sets to- night at SUE rises tomorrow at (Additional weather an Page 19.) Relief. Farmers whose donations made up the initial 1950 shipment came from Arkansas, Colorado, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska. New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklaho- ma, South Dakota, Texas and Wis- consin. Israel's Cabinet Crisis Abating Tel Aviv, Israel A source close to the government said to- day Israel's cabinet crisis is near- ing a solution and there is every likelihood a strong, stable govern- ment would be established soon making new elections unnecessary. The cabinet of Premier David Ben- gurion resigned recently in a the coalition government. ;