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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 24, 1949, Winona, Minnesota COLD TONIGHT, WARMER TUESDAY VOLUME 49, NO. 211 WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 24, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SUPPORT YOUR COMMUNITY CHEST TWENTY PAGES TOD4Y- Democracy Depends on Leadership By Joseph and Stewart Alsop U. N. A-Bomb Control Urged the parts of a! puzzle, the basic facts of great na-j tional problems are generally: meaningless until they are fitted' together. Last week, within 48 j hours, three impressively author- itative Americans gave separate utterance to the three basic facts in the major problem now confront-! ing the United States. Although the) pattern formed is in the last de-j gree unpalatable, what these three! men said now deserves to be! brought together into a single de-1 sign. First, Dr. Harold C. Urey, one) of the leading American nuclear! physicists, warned the country that; the Soviet Union "can and prob- ably will" wipe out the American "atomic which has now re- placed "atomic monopoly" as the) Maginot line of our fond hopes.) Writing in the authoritative "Bui-1 letin of the Atomic Dr. j Urey forecast that the kremlin! would possess a decisive stockpile, of atomic bombs "in a relatively short time." He suggested further, that this time would probably be] two years. SECOND, Secretary of State Dean G. Acheson, who two years ago defined the Soviet Union as "ex- panding and revised and strengthened this definition. Speaking at a dinner of .the Alfred E. Smith Memorial foundation, Acheson described Soviet Russia as "the aggressively imperialist power of our which was "seeking to expand its dominion wherever its grasp and its reach coincide.' Third, Secretary of Defense Louis Johnson, winding up the lamentable hearings on the com- plaints of the admirals, publicly admitted what has already been re- ported in this further great cutbacks in our defense ef- fort are now planned by the Tru- man administration. These statements require very little annotation to bring out their full significance. In connection with Dr. Urey's forecast, however, it is) well to remember that our highest! military planners regarded our) "atomic monopoly" as the main deterrent to Soviet aggression, un- til the monopoly was broken by the explosion of the Beria bomb. IN CONNECTION with the re- marks of Secretary Acheson, it should be borne in mind that the Soviet Union is making a gigantic armament effort, comparable to the effort of nazi Germany. this effort the kremlin's potential) "grasp and reach" must constant- ly be extended, if no compensating effort is made by the free world. And in connection with Secretary Johnson's admission that our de- _ pffort is beine cut back it is'deal inquiry, but claimed that he was So invUugateBthCeUmeaamng of UtUejT hy the examination directed at.him by the word which he em- ployed rather freely before the House armed services committee. The implication was left with John- son's hearers that the being practiced at the Defense de-j partment is the kind that will givej us just as much defense for much! less money. Specifically, Secretary! Johnson admitted that next year's budget ceiling on the Army, Navy and Air Force would be billions. Mrs, Eugenie Anderson, newly appointed ambassador to Den- mark, and her husband, John, leave their hotel at New York city today. Mrs. Anderson, from Red Wing, Minn., will spend a few days in New York city before going to Washington to be sworn in. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Foster Confused By Questions, Claim By Jack Mackay St. for Charles Foster today filed a brief admit- ting that Foster gave some "incorrect answers" in the Arkansas bond Gloom Spreads In Steel, Coal Strike Talks No Indication President Plans To Intervene By The Associated Press Thickening gloom appeared to] have smothered today any hope for early peace in the nation's in- dustrial crippling coal and steel strikes. Nowhere was there any apparent progress toward a break in either of the two major disputes as un- employment mounted and more and more industries became hob- bled. Some railroads prepared to curtail train services because of dwindling coal piles and layoffs continued in industries dependent upon steel supplies. There was no indication that President Truman had decided to intervene in either strike but spreading dislocations in the na- tion's economy made such action seem more and more likely. Ad- ministration policy, however, Was described yesterday as still one of hope that some strike-breaking con- cessions might be forthcoming soon and that White House action would not be necessary. But out of the dismal weekend, developments came settlement of two other the 45-day tieup of the Missouri Pacific Railroad by train and engine men and the 176-day walkout of stevedores at five of six Hawaiian ports. The Missouri Pacific expected to have some trains running by late today and the Hawaiian dock work- ers were ordered back to their jobs tomorrow and Wednesday. Negotiators did not disclose the terms which ended the Missouri Pacific strike but it Was announced that agreement was reached on 189 union claims against the railroad Seats For The Invited Guests are set up in East 42nd street at New York city, where an open air meeting of the U.N. general assembly was held this afternoon as a backdrop for the laying of the corner- stone of the United Nations permanent headquarters. President Truman's address climaxed a nation- wide celebration of United Nations day, the organization's fourth birthday. (AP. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) British Spending Cut 700 Millions By Edward Curtis Minister Attlee announced today, he is slashing 'confused, embarrassed and be- bo0st, effective immediately, with ......._______________ an additional seven cents pay in- Tomorrow the state executive council holds a special meeting in the crease to become effective March governor's office to decide whether !j_ The workers, members of Foster should be fired as secretary c.I.O. International Longshore- of the state investment board. (men's and Warehousemen's Union, Possibility action in the case struck May 1 in support of de- might be delayed another week ap- mands for a 32 cents an hour ad- peared, however, when Attorney ditlon to their hourly wage. General Burnquist said he would] But these settlements scarcely ask a week's time to prepare find- dented the nation's total of nearly grievances only. The strike of members of the Brotherhoods of Locomotive En- gineers, Engtoemen and Firemen, Railroad Trainmen and Order of Railway Conductors forced the railroad to abandon operations and lay off about other employes. The dock workers will return to work with a 14 cents an hour pay off government spending to ease Britain's economic crisis. 7 in Minnesota, Wisconsin Attlee told the House of Associated Press persons were killed in traf- Five Crewmen Killed When Bomber Crashes He admitted further that he was trying to cut the services' expendi- tures this year, when the budget ceiling was billions, down to next year's level. But he failed signally to admit that these re-! were killed yesterday when an Airjcutive council turned over to ductions in outlay will greatly iro-JForce bomber smashed into brushy [members of the council ings in the case. idle workers which Sec-i The governor charges Foster al- retary of Commerce Sawyer says tered the board records to coverimight climb to by Decem- up purchase of millions of dollars! her 1 unless the steel and coal worth of Arkansas state bonds. i strikes are settled meanwhile. Carl W. Cummins, St. Paul at- More than a million are idle as 11 Killed When Argentine Race Car Hits Crowd fie accidents in Minnesota and Wis- iconsin over the weekend. The prime minister said there) were- will be savings in the labor Jean Mari6j seven-month-old ment's socialized health program, )daugnter of Mr. and Chester in education, in public and of st_ Peten she was building, government in an automobile collision on tive costs and in gtreet m New residentiai lie relations offices. Four other persons were in- Truman Calls For Workable Outlawing Plan Man's Destruction Lone Alternative, President Warns By Ernest B. Vaccaro New York Tru- man challenged all nations today to agree on a workable way to out- law the atomic bomb, as the al- ternative to man's destruction. Speaking against the background of Russia's refusal to come into an agreement that the United States and other powers have en- dorsed, Mr. Truman said: "To assure that atomic energy will be devoted to man's welfare and not to his destruction is a continuing challenge to all na- tions and all peoples." It was his first foreign policy declaration since his September 23 announcement: "We have evidence, that within recent weeks an atom- ic explosion occurred in the- TJ.S.S.R." The president declared: Control Taught "Ever since the first atomic weapon was developed, a major objective of United States policy has been a system of internation- al control of atomic energy that would assure effective prohibition of atomic weapons, and at the same time would promote the peaceful use of atomic energy by all nations." Mr. Truman spoke at the laying of the cornerstone of the secretar- iat building of permanent United Nations headquarters on U.N.'s fourth anniversary. The United States has offered to surrender its bomb under the Russian-opposed, but general as- sembly-approved "Baruch plan" providing rigid U.N. inspections and controls to assure against il- legal bomb building. The President did not mention Russia by name, but indirectly challenged the Soviet government to offer a "better and more effec- tive plan." He said the United States is now, 'and will remain, ready to do Its full share" to meet the atomic weapon's threat to peace. Human Rights Essential In another obvious dig at the Soviet orbit Mr. Truman also sharply criticized disregard of hu- man rights which he said were "indispensable to political, econom- ic and social progress." He said U.N. members know that "disre- gard of human rights is the be- ginning of tyranny, and, too often, the beginning of war." He spoke just two days after the general assembly voted agree- ment with Western charges -1--11 Russian satellites Bulgaria, torney who represented Foster at Midland, Texas Five before the exe already inadequate, exploded pair our strength. It is true, _. ____ services have been very wasteful.! was demolished and small bits But a wasteful defense establish-; wreckage and merit is like a fat man, who canj of course, that the! The two-engjne a B2S and making a plea his re Buenos Aires, j chases from the United States have a direct result of the steel and careening race car killed its driven been forecast: 1 nlnvin A? coal shutdowns alone. Most of the: werTreported in an ten spectators yesterday dur-i Attlee PrpsK naiinnwirtfi Kiirveviing the running of a 500-mile autoi Canita outlined these cuts: Capital expenditures: A reduc- Saturday as eligible for and re-jrace at Rafaela in San Fe of about This cov- ceiving unemployment compensa-jince. Eight other persons were such as school con- tion. Pennsylvania, with idle from the steel and coal strikes, was the hardest hit state. It listed jover a mile square area. The crewmen were identified byj (Continued on Page 15, Column L) Biggs Air Force base at El Pasoj FOSTER only be safely reduced by a lonj slow and careful course of diet and exercise. A fat man cannot lose 50 pounds the next morning, colonel Charles J. without going to the surgeon 34> H Pas0i commanding of. having a leg cut off Secretary i flo 2602 tow target squadron, the Johnson is commendably trying to t cut down Army, Navy and Air Captain Thomas Hillmann, 39, Force waste in the right way. rt La he is also amputating the legs and, Captain James R. Butler 31 E1 arms of the services in CQ pUot sacred name. Captain Billy H. Miller, 27, Fort Specifically, the next defense budget may be expected to showj substantial reductions in service! manpower. What is far worse still, _ if the budget is honest, it will Vo show even greater cuts in the shreveport. It was on grams for equipping the Army, i CQUrse when it crashed at p.m. Navy and Air Force with Police Cnief Jack Elling. weapons. In short, our defenseiton said bits of identification of planning is rapidly sliding crewmen were found into the methods of the 1920s crash area He sald it was of j i U1C iltiti-UCab AAJ.U auabl.. W-U.V, VYCtO li, wi WJ1J ilUUUU lj> J.TX ,UU U ,UUV iAi bodies scattered: -The most that Charles Foster 180 000 000 out work because of a steering link apparently broke sobooj spending for England, Wales threw his car into a spm. He I andscoUand. This will result in an did that might be criticized was the steel strike, from the coal walkout, and othersjwas traveling about 90 laid off in allied industries. 'hour. Sergeant Bobert E Le6j 21_ Bil. oxj Mlss was fl j from Bi 1930s, when no one ever, consider- ed the need for true security against potential aggressors. THIS MAY BE QUITE all right. a personal nature a a dogj indicating no one parachuted1 from the plane before it hit. Several people heard the crash, Perhaps Dr. Urey is wrong, no one saw it. Skies in this! the Soviets will always be Texas area were from aggression by their inferi-1 overcast yesterday, ority in the absolute weapons. Or Officers at Biggrs Field said all perhaps Secretary Acheson is wrong, and the intentions of the kremlin are not "aggressively im- perialist." Or perhaps there is jus- the information they had received! indicated the plane's engines quit! suddenly and it nosed into the) ground without giving the crew tice in th6 humiliating excuse more time to jump, commonly given by our highest policy-makers that the "American! nm- people will not take" the punish-jg B Rlttl GfOUp Yet one point is very clear. AjHonOTS Humphrey democracy, even more than a totalitarian state, depends upon leadership. A democracy particu New York New York metropolitan council of B'Nai larly depends upon the willingness )B'Kith has cited Senator Hubert of its leaders to tell the h" the honest truth about their situa- tion. Without this, the people can- not respond. If President Truman and Secretary Johnson really think it is prudent to impair our de Minnesota for his and courageous Humphrey of "outstanding fight" for civil rights in the United States. The citation was made yesterdy in New York where Humphrey an- The prime minister's program Mr. and Mrs. Gustafson and tied in with Britain's recent devalu-janother daughter, three years old, ation of the pound from tojwere hospitalized with cuts and Britain is faced with the ne-i bruises. John Dummer, 66, of New cessity of spurring her driver of the second car, drive to earn dollars, and thus, j suffered a fractured hip and sever- heavy reductionsjn her_dollar pur-jai other fractures. He is in serious condition in a New Ulm hospital. Oscar 33, of Windom, Minn., was killed Saturday night when his car and a bus collided. William Chinander, 18-year-old Red Wing high school student, died of injuries suffered Friday night. Chinander was in a car which missed a curve while he and four companions were returning from a football game at Albert Lea. The i others are still hi an Albert Lea miles an iacrease of a penny (.about one one-sixth cents) for prices charged) Pour "accidental for students' meals, and will that of a baby giri wno choked less transportation for students to; on reported in consin over the weekend. service: A charge of a Lonan Diane Johnson, shilling (14 cents) will be made for each prescription under the na- struction, hospital construction, The driver, Italo Bizio, an Argen-j highways and the like, tine, was leading a field of 25 when! Education: About in il w -T fenses in the year of the Beria swered by saying; that Civil rights bomb, it is up to them to explain plainly what they are doing. is the supreme test of our integrity as must qualify." A Doctor, Nurse and rescue workers give first aid to a victim wedged in the wreckage of a Grey- hound bus near Paoli, Pa., today after the bus and a truck loaded with pounds of sheet steel collided on the Lincoln highway. A sailor was killed and 31 others were injured, including several sailors returning to their base in Philadelphia. State police said the bus crashed into the rear of the truck- trailer. (A J. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) tional health service. Hitherto the prescriptions were issued and fill- ed free .of charge. This saving will amount to about Hunt Continues For Prisoner Phoenix, Ariz. Peace of- ficers today broadened their search for a youthful prisoner whose boasting led to a spectacular mid- town jail break in which two men were killed. Federal agents, state and city police joined in the hunt for Jack Tatum, 27, who with four compan- ions, broke from his cell on the fifth floor of the Maricopa county courthouse building Saturday. It was the second time that Ta- tum had broken out of jail. He was captured at Florence Junction, Ariz., September 20 after his es- cape from the Minden, Nev., jail August 13. Killed by two shots from the pis- tol of Tom Stowe, 40, crippled night watchman at the courthouse, "were Edward Corcoran, also known as Harold Hale, 33, and Charles Ed- ward McEwen, 32. Both were being held for trial on first degree mur- der charges. Wounded in the battle was Deputy Sheriff O. Z. Alford. Two other prisoners who had joined in the break, John Bridges and Dinzel McDonald, surrendered as gunfire and tear gas filled the courthouse building. that Ro- mania and Hungary are suppress- ing human rights and freedoms. The questions first were raised af- ter trials of Josef Cardinal Mind- szenty in Budapest and other re- ligious leaders in Bulgaria. "Respect for human rights, pro- motion of economic development, and a system for control of wea- pons are requisites to the kind of world we Mr. Truman said. "We can not solve these problems overnight, but we must keep ever- lastingly working at them in or- der to reach our goal. "No single nation can always have its own for these are human problems, and the solution of human problems is to be found in negotiation and mutual adjust- iment." assembly approved, 4, 1948, the _____ _' draft- ed by Bernard M. Barusch and oth- of the U.N. atomic energy old daughter and only child of Mr. committee and Mrs. Allen R. Johnson of Mil- ,ITh, waukee, .stuffed a marble in her "This is a good the Pres- ident declared. "It is a plan that the floor can fae in accomplishing I its purpose. It is the only, plan mouth while of her home last night. __ The sphere lodged in her throat I would meet and her parents were unable to techmcai requirements of con- loosen it. They rushed her to would make prohibition hospital, where she was atomic weapons effective, and nounced dead on entry. John J. Ischi, 35, -of Darlington, Wis., was killed Saturday night when his car left Dane county trunk G near Mt. Vernon, Wis.. struck a cement culvert, rolled over and exploded into flames. The body of an unidentified man, about 60, was found in the Milwau- kee river near a downtown bridge Sunday. The Milwaukee county medical examiner's office said the man had been in the water about 12 hours. Robert Gores, 21, Burlington, Wis., was killed yesterday when the motorcycle he was riding crashed into an automobile at the intersection of two country trunk roads three miles south, of Keno- sha. None of the occupants of the car was hurt seriously. Wisconsin Teachers To Meet at Madison Milwaukee Nearly teachers are expected to attend the annual convention of the Wis- consin Education association here November 3, 4 and 5. The Wisconsin Federation of Teachers (A.F.L.) will hold its an- nual meeting here November 3 and 4 in conjunction with the W.E.A. I convention. at the same time promote the peaceful development of atomic en- ergy on a co-operative basis. "We support this plan and will continue to support it unless and until a better and more effective plan is put forward." This was a new notice that the United States will continue build- ing up its stockpile of atomic bombs until controls are guar- anteed. The Russians have insist- ed on outlawing the bomb as a preliminary to discussion of con- trols. WEATHER FEDERAL FOKECASTS Winona and vicinity: Generally fair and continued rather cold to- night; low 32 in the city, near 25 in the country. Tuesday mostly cloudy and warmer; high 54.____ LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 nt Sunday: Maximum, 62; minimum, 36; noon, 50; precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 51; minimum, 31; noon, 38; precipitation, none; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at (Additional Weather on Page 17.) ;