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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 23, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Clearing and Colder Tonight; Cold Saturday Support Your Community Chest VOLUME 53, NO. 210 SIX CENTS PER COPY MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 23, 1953 TWENTY-FOUR PAGES P rice 0 fl up ports May Be Expanded H Defendant Pokes Officer in Court HAGERSTOWN, Md. D. Swope, convicted last March of collecting money under false pretenses and given a suspended sentence, was brought into Circuit Court again yesterday. He was charged with represent- ing himself as1 a preacher and col- lecting money for a church broad- cast. After parole officer Frank' L. George testified, Swope took a poke at hint. George floored Swope with a hard right uppercut. Handcuffed and held by deputies, Swope was given his original sen- tence of three years in the house of correction. Swedish Plane Three-Year-Old Joseph Maestri of Arlington. Va., grins with thumb in mouth as Mrs. Mamie Eisenhower laughs with Joseph tried to make a presentation of "beanies" for her grandchildren. It was their second meeting. Joseph was wearing his beanie some- time ago at a Community Chest fund meeting. The President's wife admired it and told him her grandson, David, 5, would like one. (AP Wirephoto) _______ 2 Deaths Hike State Traffic Toll to 510 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A young school boy and a retired school teacher died in unusual traffic accidents Thursday, boosting the state's traffic toll for the year far to more than at this time last year. Eleven others were injured. Archibald J. Strane, 65, retired Duluth teacher, was killed just lifter changing a tire oa a highway-near the Duluth city limits when his car was struck from behind by one driven by Felix M. LaFon- taine, 34, Duluth. One of Strane's legs was. am- putated and he suffered other in- juries when pinned between the two cars. LaFontaine suffered only minor injuries. Wayne Nelson, 8, was on his way home from, a country school near Hawick when he darted into the path of the car driven by Henry Gertgens, 77, Atwater. The impact threw the boy 25 feet into the muddy water of a marsh at the roadside. The cor- oner said the boy was apparently knocked out when hit by the car and drowned in the muddy water. Firemen were unable to revive him. The boy made his home with his grandfather, Lewis Larson. Near St. Paul, 10 persons were injured when two cars collided at and they are coyly quotog our own I constitutional prohibitions ngnt: Minn., was taken to Anc- 'oack at us. By the same token, who can for get "all the self righteous American nKnitt anri fhf> I ._ Parkers Prairie, and Glen Bast, TODAY U.S. On Trusts in Japan By JOSEPH ALSOP you look at it the right way, this country is just one huge joke on the United States. We wrote a Japanese Constitution forbidding national armaments in any form. But now we are plead- ing with the Japanese to rearm talk about the and the drama of Gen. Dougles MacAr- thur's program for breaking up bad big business into good little busi- ness. Yet now the Zaibatsu combina- the Mitsui and the Mitsubishi are forming again LONDON lift Reports reached here from Lebanon today that a Swedish plane had been shot down in Syria. The Swedish consul in Beirut was quoted as blaming the Israeli air force. But an official spokesman in Israel said there was "no truth whatever" to the story. There were conflicting accounts of just how many persons had been killed in the reported crash. A Beirut message said 35 passengers and crewmen were killed and that the bodies were taken to Damas- cus, in Syria. But word direct from Damascus was that the plane was a small one and that only the pilot and co-pilot had been kiL'ed. The crash was described as tak- ing place on Mt. Herman (Jabal Al Sheikh) which rises to feet 25 miles west-southwest of Damas- cus, the Syrian capital. The Beirut advices pictured the Swedish consul, Jean Fattal, as blaming Israel fighter planes for the crash. But the Swedish For- eign Office said it had no knowl- edge of an incident and the Scan- dinavian Air Lines disclaimed knowledge of any crash. This is the only Swedish air line with regular passenger services. The crash is reported to have occurred Thursday. Talk of Cutting U. S. Forces Disturbs French Ask 6 American Divisions Be Kept in Europe By JOHN M. HISHTOWER WASHINGTON W-Growing talk here about the possibility of re- ducing U. S. ground forces in Eu- rope has evidently disturbed French government at a time when it is hoping for early parlia- mentary approval of the European Defense Community. Retention of the six American divisions now in Europe for a long time is regarded by the French as a major requirement for their ap- proval of EDC. They view the U. S. divisions not only as a safeguard against Soviet attack but also as affording pro- tection, along with British troops, against possible revival of threat- ening German military power. Under the European Defense Community Treaty, West German forces would be armed up to a strength of at least 12 divisions as part of the North Atlantic Alliance defense. They would compose units in an EDC army which would also include troops from France, Italy, Belgium, The Netherlands and Luxembourg. The outlook for French approval of EDC had recently become bright again after lots of uncer- tainty. Now a possible threat to ratification prospects in France is seen in these developments: 1. An unofficial disclosure from Paris, subsequently confirmed here, that the United States had dropped a tentative proposal to send an additional armored divis- ion to join its North Atlantic Treaty forces next year. 2. Secretary of Defense Wilson's news conference remark that de- velopment of new weapons would A Coast Guard Helicopter prepared to rescue Allan C. Musel off a rock at Coyote Point near San Mateo, Calif., after the fisherman was cut off from shore by a rising tide and wind-whipped waves Thursday. Musel was uninjured by the experience. (UP Telephoto) Peterson Quits Chairmanship of State GOP Group S Million Casualties In Korean Conflict UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. Final casualty figures for the Korean War still clouded by uncertainty over the fate of thousands Kpn_pth Ppt missing who may be dead, indicated today that both sides suffered a .ST. PAUL Wl _ P. Kenneth Fet- j more than mmion_ erson, chairman of the Minnesota Based on figures from official and U. N. delegation sources, total casualties for the U. N. side are figured at of which the Republican State Central Commit- tee, said today he is resigning, effective Nov. 1. Peterson, who has been appoint- make it possible in the long run to j ed to Near East Refugee cut down on American ground forces in Europe. Since these two incidents, there has been speculation concerning a review of military strategy by the Joint Chiefs of Staff looking toward reduction in American forces now widely committed around the globe. WELCOME, UNDERSTANDING Proud You're Coming, Mother Tells POW By JOHN R. MORRIS BIG STONE GAP, Va. Somewhere between this Virginia vey Commission, .said he believed "it would be to the best interests of the party that I resign to devote my full attention to this new as- Republic of Korea total is the United States total ___I AI__ 1 C TT nllljac Peterson issued a call for a i LONDON W Prime Minister State Central Committee meeting Churchill's government won a de- Oct. 31 in Minneapolis to choose cisive vote of confidence last night his 'successor. He said he thought on its drastic action in throwing it would be unwise to delay picking i out British Guiana's left-wing gov- of a new chairman any longer in view of the party's Dec. 5 "kickoff rally" for the 1954 campaign. Peterson, who has held his post three years, is also a state rep- resentative from the 34th district, Minneapolis. The Oct. 31 meeting will also be to pick a state secretary. Present secretary is Mrs. R. C. Andrews, Lindstrom. Peterson was a member of The'vSwCTehEtmIil Bast! Ihe'decided he wanted to come back to his home straight up on a 19, both of while the American embassy secretly smiles. And if Japan's grave problems are to be solved at, all, the people who must do the ttlf0' Marale' job at present arc the conservative politicians and their big business backers. Problems of Life The primary, the most pressing Japanese problem is simply to live. Most of Japan's former re- sources of industrial raw materials were lost in the war. Her old ex- port industries, silk and cotton- textiles, have been mortally hit by the invention of nylon and the growth of cotton textile production in countries that used to be Japa- nese markets. The engineering and specialty manufacturing industries that should now provide Japanese exports are actually high cost pro- ducers, because their machinery is outmoded, and because coal and iron must be imported at great cost. Need U. S. Spending Contrary to the general impres- sion, American dollar outlays in Japan will taper off rather slowly. As long as our divisions are here, the Japanese will always get a good many hundreds of millions a year from this rai.her disagreeable but dependable tourist industry. Yet both the politicians and the busi- nessmen see that the time has come to prepare Japan to stand on her own feet. The curious fact really is that this feat should be possible. But miraculously enough, these islands actually produce SO per cent of the food for their population of 000 people. Despite the inflation and an improved standard of liv- ing. Japanese labor costs are still so low that Japanese industry can 44, and his 26-year-old brother, Lloyd, both of Miltona, Minn. The five occupants of the other car who were injured were from Chaska, Minn. They were Louis Monroe, 66, and his wife, Afra, 65; her sister, Susan Muyres, 66; Mathias Van Sloane, 68, and his 65. southwest Virginia mountain where i he grew up and helped out _ _ _ jU5t waiting for OIUIN.CJ vd. ouiiicwjiei c UCLWCCAI uua viigiiiia i r, j- mountain spot and Tokyo, there's a recording in flight today carrying i good will mission to Scandinavian a mother's message to her hospitalized son, Cpl. Edward countries in 1937 and m Cpl. Dickenson is a 23-year-old farm boy who was captured by the World War I as an air combat refused repatriation until last Wednesday, when intelligence oiiicer. rt hie VII-ITM tt Train Smacks Freight, 9 Hurt WILTON, Minn, ffl A Great Northern passenger train smacked into ths rear of a freight train, injuring nine persons Thursday. The accident happened as the freight was pulling onto siding in this small northern Minnesota com- munity, near Bemidji. the farming. He was flown yesterday from Korea to Tokyo, where he was hospitalized for a checkup. "Hello, the recording starts off. The tear-heavy voice is that of his mother, Mrs. Bessie C. Dickenson. "You don't know how proud we ore you're a-coming (Continued on Paaa 7, Column 3) ALSOPS A Little Something on his stomach, a couch of nails, and this tough German is in business. Performer Kurt Ebeling demonstrated his durability for the benefit of spectators while a helper hammered away at a 200-pound stone on Kurt's chest. It took 15 minutes and numerous sledgehammer blows to shatter the stone. Meanwhile Ebeling was pretty well nailed down to the job. (AP Wirephoto) you to come in so we can all wel- come you home. "And we want to have a big pot and a little one. We're gonna give a big chicken dinner and so is Keith Myers gonna bake you a big fruit cake. He said so." The recording was made in the simply furnished living room of the one-story mountain home three miles from the village of Crackers Neck. "It seems so long since you left his mother continued. "And I want you to come back Margaret was around today and I wish you could just see her baby. And Rose Helen has growed so much You wouldn't know her. And I saw your girl friend last night and she sure will be glad when you get home. And Jim's sitting here and I saw Bob and Grover and I know when you come home, you can really have a fam- ily reunion Then Jim Dickenson, the cor- poral's half brother, speaks: Whenever you land, give me a ring. Eddie. And I'll be there to get you in a matter how far it is, I'll come and get you. er.nment and suspending the col- ony's constitution. The House of Commons, a heated five-hour debate, and the total for the 15 U. N. allies In all but a few instances, the figures ran past the July 27 armls tice date. Some Estimated Pentagon sources in Washington, basing their figures on a roundup they made in July, estimated Com- munist casualties, killed and wounded, at and poison- ers at another for a total of down from an estimate last April of The United States still bas listed missing. The Defense De- after! partment early this month said they "must eventually be pre- down by a vote of 294-255 a Labor amendment denouncing the gov- ernment's moves. Special Section This edition of The Repub- lican-Herald contains a special section on the new physical ed- ucation plant at Winona Stata Teachers College, which is to be dedicated at ceremonies Saturday morning. Eight pages, beginning on page 9, describe this structure which constitutes a major addition not only to the facilities of the college, but to those of the community and area served by this oldest teacher training institution west of the Mississippi River. Additional copies of the edi- tion may be secured from the Circulation Department. 3 Years LUBBOCK Tex (S'r- Farmers in most of the west Texas drought a muddied their boots happily today after the heaviest rains in The "scattered showers" forecast rain may come. Anmore ran whicrf preceded yesterday's downpours of up to inches was renewed OveT Pitifully tiny wheat, browned cattle ranges and fell I irrigated land alike, the rain heavily from near dawn into the "I'm getting ready for a hunt and hoping you'll be deer here The corporal's 72-year-old father, Van Buren Dickenson, also had some words for his son. He talked about the family's dogs. Then a local disc jockey, Country Jim True, said something. Also there were two officers from the American Legion, who sponsored the recording. Earlier, his parents said they thought their son "had been doped" into refusing to come home. Mrs. Dickenson said a fellow POW told her Ed had been smoking drugged cigarettes. His mother finished off the re- cording hoarsely with, "By, Edddie, we're a-looking for you soon God bless you." late night. The runoff coursed into two small towns, Spur and Dickens, about 75 miles east-southeast of Lubbock, forcing some evacua- tions. It also ran down the beds of long-dry creeks, spilled over high- ways and covered bridges. The rains were general in the great South Plains area which cen- ters at Lubbock, reaches west to the New Mexico border, 60 miles south to drought-weary Lamesa, 70 miles east past Dickens, and 45 miles north to Plainview. The rain also fell throughout the Panhandle and in north Texas, where fall-planted wheat had gone limp under the heat and drought. Torrential rains fell in part of south Texas along the Rio Grande watershed, spilling new water into the great reservoir behind Falcon Dam. which President Eisenhower helped dedicate only last Monday. Farmers were at once jubilant and cautious. The experts have told them it will take more than one rain to "break the drought" that a whole rainy season is needed to restore the reservoir of water under the ground. And for those farmers about to harvest dry-land cotton, the rain was an immediate hurt. It damaged some bolls, knocked down others. "The rain helped the dry land for next year and I am willing to take a lower grade on my cotton this year for the good it may do me in said R, B. Baker, who farms near Wolfforth in Lubbock County. Luckily, the rains did little dam- age to the large amount of irri- gated cotton ia the South Plains. Most of it is of a variety developed to withstand heavy rain, although it is vulnerable to high wind and hail. sumed dead." The department stand drew protests from families of some in New England. Along with almost complete cas- ualty tolls, delegation sources have revealed that the U. N. allies ac- tually put onto the front thousands more of men, through rotation and replacement, than the standard size of the unit. From three to six times the strength the unit finally served on the front. Turkey, for example, with a unit of men, had personnel num- bering during the three years Turkish troops were on the front. Troop losses generally figured in ratio to the standard size of the unit involved. U. N. Breakdown This was the breakdown of U.N. casualties: Republic of Korea: dead wounded missing returned prisoners of war prisoners still claimed to be in enemy hands Total United States: Dead wounded missing and pre- sumed dead (as of Oct. captured and returned (ad- justment of Aug. 19 pris- oners now in repatriation com- pound 22. Total Britain: dead 710, wounded missing captured 766. Total Canada: dead 291, wounded 072, missing 21, captured 12. Total Turkey: dead 717, wounded 246, missing 167, captured 219. To- tal Australia: dead 291, wounded missing 39, captured 21, To- tal France: dead 288, wounded 818, missing 18, captured 11. Total Greece: dead 169, wounded 543, missing 2, captured 1. Total 715. Thailand: dead 14, wounded 794, missing 5, Total 913. Ethiopia: dead 120, wounded 536. Total 656. Colombia: dead 140, wounded 452, missing 65, captured 29. Total 686. Belgium-Luxembourg: dead 97, wounded 350, missing 5, captured 1. Total 453. Philippines: dead 92, wounded 299, missing 57, captured 40. Total 488. Netherlands: dead 111, wounded 589, missing 4. Total 704 New Zealand: dead 34, wounded 80, captured 1, Total 115. South Africa: dead 20, missing 16, captured 6. Total 42. Congress May Include Other Commodities Farm Problem Sure to Be Taken Up in January By JOHN CHADWICK WASHINGTON Repub- lican senators said today they ex- pect Congress next year to extend rigid price supports for basic farm crops and perhaps extend the pro- gram to additional commodities. The prediction came from Sena- tors Mundt (R-SD) and Payne (R-Me) after Sen. Young (R-ND) issued a tart statement saying President Eisenhower's decision not to stump for GOP candidates in the 1954 congressional cam- paigns "will help the Republicans greatly in the Midwest." Young, who opposed confirma- tion of Secretary of Agriculture, Benson's appointment, said the "administration's lack o_f farm pol- icy and their multibillion-dollar glorified Truman giveaway foreign program are very unpopular" in the Middle West. Neither Mundt nor Payne had any comment on Young's blast, the sharpest yet from a Republi- can lawmaker in the midst of growing controversy over farm problems and Benson's attitude to- ward them. Benson Confer Eisenhower, who strongly de- fended Benson at a news confer- ence two days ago, arranged to confer with his secretary of agri- culture at the White House today. Also to take part in the luncheon conference were Don Paarlberg, an assistant to Benson, and some of Eisenhower's aides. Both the President and Benson have said they will have definite recommendations on farm policy to submit to Congress when it re- turns in January. Mundt, a member of the Senate Agriculture Committee, said in an interview he was confident Con- gress would not approve any change in the law that would reduce the income of tfie farmer. "It's my belief that Congress will approve an extension of the present price support, program and perhaps include other storable crops not now on the mandatory (support) he said, "unless the Agriculture Department comes up with a plan that would give farmers a better income." Similarly, Payne said he does not expect, cutbacks in the present program requiring that prices of six basic tobacco, rice, peanuts and sup- ported through government loans to farmers at 90 per cent of parity. Parity is a calculated price said by law to give farmers a fair re- turn on their products in relation to the cost of the things they have to buy, Under Discussion Payne said he knew the possibil- ity of placing more storable com- modities on the mandatory _ price support list is under discussion at "high levels." Sen. Stennis (D-Miss) also said he believe Congress will extend I the present farm support law, now i due to expire at the end of 1954. can't "just cut agriculture [loose and let it sink or he said. Sen. Kerr who has been one of Secretary Benson's most persistent critics, said in a speech at Paducah, Ky., last night the administration should get a new agriculture secretary. If it doesn't, he added, "the people should will new administration." Several senators of both parties applauded Eisenhower's statement that he did not intend to use the presidency as an agency for use in partisan not for the reasons given by Young. Chairman Leonard W. Hall of the GOP National Committee af- ter a talk with the President at the White House, said Eisenhower's news conference comment may have been too literally interpreted by some. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Clearing and colder tonight. Saturday fair and continued quite cool. Low to- night 38, high Saturday 58. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 77; minimum, 48; noon, 48; precipitation, trace; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observation) Max. temp. 75 at p.m. Thursday. Low 49 at a.m. today. Overcast at feet, visi- bility 15 miles. Light rain show- ers all morning. Wind from west- northwest at 15 miles per hour. Barometer 30.03 steady and hu- midity 70 per cent. ;