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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 23, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Colder Warmer Tuesday VOLUME 50, NO. 210 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 23, 1950 Allies 50 Miles From Manchuria Reds Massacre 68 Americans By Don Whitehead Sunchon, North of the Sunchon tunnel mas- sacre were saved because a brigadier general dared to push into Com- munist territory to check a report that American prisoners of war had been killed by North Korean Reds. At least 68 American prisoners were slain by their Red guards Friday night near the Sunchon railway tunnel, ten north of here. They had been led from a train into nearby fields under the pretext I that they were being taken to sup- per. The guards machine gunned thorn. Sixty-six prisoners died on _ the spot. Two others died during T" f 4 ithp night of their wounds. At least I arr I 1OII1O i21- of them llved! B Ql i through the hour-long massacre, j Had Brigadier General Frank A. i Allen of Cleveland, Ohio, not been so persistent many of the wounded! undoubtedly would not have sur- vived the bitterly cold night. Men Discovered This is the way the atrocity was Ail-Out for Ohio Votes By Stewart Alsop Versailles, Ohio The energy and endurance displayed by the 62-year old Senator Robert A. Taft in his campaign for re-election must be seen to be believed. The hour Taft spent in this small, pleasant, rural town in southwest- ern Ohio gives some idea of the sort of campaign Taft is waging, all day, every day. The first thing you see as you enter the town is a large truck, patriotically draped in red, white it down, arid blue, drawn up in front of the main square. Gathered around the diS': overerf: As assistant divisional comman- der of the U. S. First cavalry di- vision. Allen decided Saturday to drive by jeep from Pyongyang to Sunchon to check, on the progress of the task force driving north. This task force from the First cav- alry division had gone north to link up with American paratroop- ers who had dropped near Sun- chon. I went with them. At Sunchon we heard the re- port of a massacre at a railroad tunnel. No one had any specific information and this appeared to be just another rumor. But Allen Richardson To Head Red Control Board Washington President Truman today appointed a five- member Communist control board headed by Seth W. Richardson, a Washington law- yer and a Republican. Named to serve with Richard- son were: Peter Campbell Brown, Brook- lyn lawyer and now special as- sistant to the attorney general, a Democrat. Charles M. LaFolIette, for- mer Indiana Republican con- gressman and now executive director of Americans for Democratic Action, David J. Coddairc, Boston and HaverhiU, Mass., attorney, a Republican. Dr. Kathryn McHale, Logans- port, Ind., educator and psy- chologist. She is a sister of Frank McHale, Democratic na- tional committeeman from Indi- ana. Richardson is chairman of the government's present loyalty review board, an agency of the machinery set up several years ago for a check on the loyalty of federal employes. truck are perhaps 250 people: stu- dents from the local schools, look- ing self-consciously serious; the high school band, magnificent In scarlet costumes; local business- .men (many of whom look as though they might be the candi- date's and their wives; well-fed farmers from the Hut rich land round about, As Taft appears, in the back seat of the open light bine lim- ousine of a, local Republican bigwig, there Is a little whis- per of interest, and some de- sultory clapping. There Is noth- ing In the scene to suggest that great issues depend on the fate of this particular can- didate the future course ol the Republican party, the dir- ection of American foreign policy, see the success or fail- ure of the Truman administra- tion's alliance With organized labor, perhaps even the identi- ty of the next President. The scene suggests, instead, i cheerful Sunday school outing, pre sided over by a rather irascible schoolmaster. Here, as in the Unit ed States Senate, there is between Senator Taft and his audienc something of the relationship be tween teacher and taught. Tafl mounts the truck, removes th wilted grey felt hat which appear tc have been worn, and sat on, b generations of Tafts, and look about him. You get the feelin that he is not going to take an; nonsense from his pupils. The: Taft smiles. It is the charming smile of a; essential shy man who does no smile easily. But it is the las smile his audience ?ets. There ar no jokes, no casual chitchat in the speech which follows. It is a for- mal set speech, and a long one long, indeed, for a standing audience, and there are signs of restlessness before it ends. Yet on the whole, the people of Versailles listen attentively. Senator Taft is no great shakes as an orator. But an audience will always listen to an angry man, and Senator Taft is clearly a very angry man indeed. When he has fin- ished, there is certainly no wild excitement, but ibere is obvious sympathy and even some enthusiasm. With a rath- er limp hand, Taft acknow- ledges the clappiiig, and he is off to make much the same speech all over again, the tiny town of Russia, some miles away. For ten weeks now, this scene has been repeated with minor var- iations, nine or ten times a day. With November 7 looming hear, Talt is now making as many as fourteen speeches in a single day, exhausting whole platoons oi assistants and reporters; Ana the astonishing energy of Taft's cam- paign for which even his en- emies admire him has its sig- nificance. For Taft is "running scared." There is one thing on which Taft and his mortal enemies, the labor leaders, agree. To balance the anti-Taft majority in the in- dustrial centers, Taft must hold close to sixty per cent of the pre- dominantly Republican rural vote above all, the rural voters must be persuaded to go to the polls. This explains why Taft plans to campaign in every crossroad's hamlet in Ohio before Election day. No one in Ohio is making any predictions about the out- come of this election the most crucial off-year election in many years. But one of T a f t 's major hurdles is physically evident to the (Continued on Page 13, Column 6) ALSOP "I'd never feel right about ..e said, "if we don't do all we can 0 find out about this." The general stopped at the head- uariers of the South Korean ixtte division and requested a guide to the tunnel. At that time we had no troops, 1 this area. Guide to Tunnel The South Koreans provided a and we headed for the tunnel. "L South Korean colonel found the ,rst seven bodies. Men who had tarved to death had been laid be- ide the railroad track. And then we began finding the urvivors and the bodies of the nen murdered by the Koreans. Ulen directed the job of getting itter bearers to carry the wound' ed across tt ridge. He walked among the men, pat- ing them on the back, encourag- ing them, and assuring them their nightmare was over. Major Harry Fleming of Racine, Wis., and Captain Alfred Olson of Columbia, S. C., ware with the South Koreans as military advisers and they quickly had troops 10 Alien Reds Arrested As Roundup Starts Washington The Justice department today disclosed it has begun a roundup of top alien Com- munists in "the United States, and Air Force Set To Reinforce Western Allies Buildup of U. S. Strength in Europe Already Under Way By Elton C. Fay, A. P. Military Affairs Reporter Washington The United States probably will be able to patch quickly a substantial part of any air strength it pledges to North Atlantic allies at forthcom- ing European defense talks here. Indeed, there are indications the buildup of United States Air Force 1 strength in Europe already is well 'under way. The explanation is that the Force, unlike the army, has not! been compelled to put virtually all its existing strength into the Ko- rean war, even though air strength in the Far East has been expand- ed enormously since last June 25. May Provide ID Divisions In the series of meetings of the military committee and defense ministers of the North Atlantic treaty organization here during the next seven days, the United States will agree to its contributions to the mutual defense against the ias arrested ten. Those, already In custody were described, as "the most important" of about 86 persons scheduled lor prompt pick lip and deportation, if deportation Is possible. Officials said the ten are those who have been most active in the fields of Communist propaganda. In the case of most of this ten, menace of Soviet aggression on the ground, in the air, at sea, in providing war equipment for the other 11 treaty nations. The guess has been that tually the United States may pro- vide from five to ten of the 70 or 80 Army divisions of the combined Western European defense force. United States Army officials have been working feverishly to find some way to provide the first of the divisions. Eddie McClelland, 16 left, holds Andy, a pet dog who was with the youth when he and two com- panions became lost in a newly-discovered cave near Harlansburg, Pa. The trio was- lead unharmed from the cavern after 12 hours. Herbert Harkless, 12, right, downs warm soup in his bed after the rescue. The third member of the exploration party was Ernest Mallinak, 26, (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) ___________ TrumanHeld Assured! Minneapolis Of 1952 Nomination Men Killed in Montana Crash By The Associated Press Senator Clinton Anderson (D.-N. M.) believes President Truman enar will win the 1952 Democratic Presidential nomination witnou, a .contest He said so yesterday. Anderson is head of the torial campaign committee and executive vice-president nominating ASKeU 11 lie viic f-nof General Dwight D. Eisenhower, Anderson said he doubted "I think President Truman will be the only man considered by the democrats in '52." He said he thinks New York Governor Thomas E. Dewey's en- dorsement of Eisenhower was de< They have'considered, among signed to take the general out of other proposals, plans for sending consideration by the G.O.P. if Dewey had wanted to support Eis- enhower, Anderson said, "He'd let over a newly organized combat un- it, like the Fourth division, recent- ly converted from a training into a tactical outfit. Such a division would be brought up to full strength with volunteers and draf- tees who would be trained while him lay back awhile while some of the brighter the arrests mark the first time the on duty ln Europe. An alternate justice department has moved to (generaUy less favored plan) has deport them. Peruvian Landslide swarming in to help the Ameri- cans and to search the hills for other possible survivors. Two South Korean nurses were (Continued On Page 5. Column 2) KOREA to be all Lima, Thirty In the re are reported dead in the Santa river landslide high in the Andes and at least 100 persons still are unaccounted tor, a Korea, in Euro] The Navy is in position of the Ai though it has built spondent for the Lima newspaper El Comercio has in the Far Ea ginal handful of ci The correspondent, alter a motor trip to the scene of Friday's comprises mu 400 United Nations i ter, 200 miles from Lima, said ample stockpile others were getting the men been to send over one or National Guard divisions.' Must Build Tip Reserves Of one thing, the Army leaders are certain. There is no chance of sending ten divisions now. That the Army has somewhat the Force. Even t to a force of the total to man them. and then would young men ran have bad Eisen- hower to the front." Deciding on Inquiry Senate subcommittee promis- ed _____. on whether to go ahead with a formal Inquiry into circumstances surrounding Dewey's decision to seek a third term as New York governor following the withdrawal of Lieutenant Governor Joe R. Hanley. Hanley last week made public letter in which he said he had been assured he could clean up personal debts within 90 days if he agreed to run for the Senate. He did, withdrawing as a candi- date for the G.O.P. governor nom- ination, and Dewey then announc- ed he would run again. Experienced political observers in Washington agreed yesterday that control of the Senate may hinge on 11 close contests and that Republicans may need to win all of them to take control. Crucial States They regarded as the key con- tests two Senate races each in Supreme Court To Rule on Red Conspiracy I Livingston, Min- "jneapolis, Mian., men were killed and two others injured early today, when a private plane crashed at a Livingston airport. Dead are Norman B. Crosby, 12, V. Crosby, 47. pilot of the Shattered Red Korean Army Fleeing 3 South Korean Divisions Drive Ahead for Kill By Leif Erickson Seoul, Korea South Kore- an forces swept within 50 miles or less of the Manchurian border today. Shattered remnants of the Red Korean army were fleeing frantic- ally toward the mountain triangle north of Kanggye. It was there that the Red Chieftain, Kim n Sung, carried out his .guerrilla war .against the Japanese before Rus- Isian occupation forces installed aim as premier of North Korea af- ;er world War n. Kanggye is about 20 miles from the border in the center of the pe- ninsula. Three South Korean (ROK) di- visions were driving for the Man- churian border to finish the four- month war. Observers said the ROKs, who can make 30 miles a day in forced marches, were capable of .reach- ing the Yalu river on the border sometime Tuesday, Chinese Troops on Line (General MacArthur's headquar- ters in Tokyo was noncommittal. A spokesman said only that the ar- my "had several estimates of when Allied troops were expected to reach the Mancburian On the north bank of the river. and his son, Orin Kenneth Anderson, plane, and Keith Crosby, son of Orin, sustained fractures but are, not critioally injured, hospital at- bf Reds In tendants said. -Anderson is Norman Crosby's son-in-law, The elder Crosby and his son died a Red China troops guard Mancbur- The desperate Red Koreans wers fleeing northward so fast that they no longer could herd all their Al- lied prisoners along with them. Many P.O.W.s -were escaping to the safety of Allied lines. Other prisoners were massacred. were found machine gunned 40 miles north of Pyongyang, the fall- the Aeronautics authority station at the airport and crashed. Willis Tracy, airport manager, Washington The Supreme said the plane was taking off for court today agreed to review the the return when New York conspiracy conviction of 11 top Communist leaders. The court set December 4 to hear arguments by lawyers for the Reds and for the government. It then will take the casa under considera- tion for final decision. The principal point at issue in- volves the constitutionality of the 1940 Smith act. That law makes it a crime to advocate or teach over- throw of the government by force or violence. The Communist leaders were convicted of violating the act. The court also agreed to say whe- ther states may ban strikes by lic utility workers. The tribunal accepted an appeal from the C.I.O. United Gas. Coke and Chemical Workers union which had tried in vain to bar enforcement utility anti- criminal of- fense of any concerted action by of Wisconsin's public strike law. That law makes a Connecticut and Idaho and onejernpi0yes Of a public utility which each in Illinois, Ohio, Indiana, a Work stoppage or slow down Colorado, Utah and Newjanc[ thus interrupts an essential service. The law also requires that labor disputes be settled by arbi- tration. ifornia, York. Democrats now hold 54 seats and Republicans 42. Republicans need to make a net gain of seven to take over control. Another disagreement broke out over the weekend about a flood of double-size postcards bearing 14 i questions critical of the adminis- tration's Far Eastern policy. They were framed by Representative Judd (R.-Minn.) who said he couldn't get the administration to answer them. Rites Held in N. Y. For Poetess Miilay Austerlltz, N. Y. funeral service for Two American Soldiers who were prisoners of the North Koreans and escaped a massacre of 68 of their companions ten miles north of Sunchon, sit in a await their turn to" board their plane for Tokyo at the Pyongyang airport. Twenty-one survived the killings. (AP. Wirepnoto to. The Republican-Herald.) A private Edna St. Vin- Damage in Two Fires at Sisseton, S. D. Sisseton, S. disastrous fires struck Sissetc of each other in 12 hours Sunday for a loss of more th Firemen from three communities were still pouring water into the rains of the business district blaze, when fire was discovered ten. blocks awfiy In the farmers grain elevator. Recalling four previous damaging fires this year, officials were re- ported considering asking the state j fire marshal's office to investigate. jberts National bank build- cent Pulitzer prize-winning poetess, was yesterday in her home near this hamlet in the Berk- shire foothills. Poems in which Miss Miilay wrote of death were read by her sister, Mrs. Norma Ellis of New York city, and by Alan McDonald, a poet and close friend. Miss Miilay died Thursday after a heart attack. She was 58. In accordance with her wishes, the body will be cremated. Friends said the ashes would be buried in Austerlitz cemetery. Bob Hope Flies To Korea in Jet Seoul, Bob Hope arrived today in dashing style a jet fighter plane from Japan He and Actress Marilyn Maxwell led a troupe entertainers in two shows for GJ.'s. More than doughboys saw the two-hour show at Seoul stadium. The troupe had tea at the home of President Syngman, Rhee. It leaves tomorrow for Taejon and Taegu in South Korea and .Thurs- day goes to Pyongyang, the fallen1 [Red Korean capital. The flames swept through but ffiat biaze was put Stavig Brothers department store, one of the state's largest, thenl s'moke couid be seen ten miles leaped a street to destroy a story three ments. the accident occurred. The four men flew here Saturday night from Minneapolis to visit Nor- man Crosby's son, Wayne. Ohio Crash Kills 2 Air Guardsmen Van Wert, Ohio Two men identified as Ohio National Guard members were killed today when their two-seater plane crashed in a farm field 11 miles northwest of here. The state highway patrol identi- fied the victims as George Deisler, 30. Antwerp, Ohio, the pilot, and Warren Edward Phillips, 28, Hicks- ville, Ohio. The patrol said it believed both men were en route to Camp Atter- Ijury, Ind., where the Paulding unit of the National Guard is training. ter. Five hundred South Koreans were reported murdered at Yong- hung, on North Korea's cast coast. An Army Intelligence officer in Tokyo said the Red Koreans had put up "no real organized resist- ance in the last 24 hours." Fleeing Reds were reported turn- Ing inland in their retreat before the advancing United Natio'ns forces. Officers said they were en- tering an area dotted with ancient walled cities. Little Resistance These will not offer much de- fense, a spokesman said. "With what we have learned already we can take care of those without any trouble." The spokesman said American forces had learned saulting the walled off and from were They apparently took Paulding earlier today, attempting to make a forced landing when the crash occurred, the patrol theorized. The plane, a civilion Tay- lorcraft, was demolished. much in as- city north of Taegu in southeastern Korea. Air attacks "will take care of he explained. But ground assaults may be necessary to flush out all enemy resistance. As the Allied tide rolled north- ward, the bag of Red Korean prisoners swelled past the mark, the equivalent of 12 dlvi- ions. United Nations forces captured North Korean troops in the past 24 hours. South Korean eighth division troops met the stiffest Red resist- ance of the day. An enemy batta- lion supported by artillery attempt- ed to slow the ROK advance in the Pukchang area, 50 miles north- east of Pyongyang, the fallen Red capital. Heavy Traffic But a .spokesman at U.S. Eighth Army headquarters said a Sisseton S disastrous fires struck Sisseton within a ROK column had thrust north of -of each oOier taU hours Sunday for a loss of more than Huichong almost anotoer 50 miles north of Pukchang in the center of the peninsula. This column was within 50 miles or less of the Manchuria border. The South Korean Sixth division was pursuing the Reds up a new escape route toward Kanggye. re- ported to be Red Premier Kim's new army command' headquarters. Leading ROK Sixth division ele- ments were in Woncham, 18 miles frame other structure housing business; establish- Jack Adams, editor of the to fight, seton Courier, said the loss in the Stavig store alone might pass The elevator loss, he said, was more than Sparks Spread The Stavig blaze was discover- ed at a.m. It .was late after- Tinder dry timber in the eleva- tor burned like paper. The height of the elevator made the fire there noon when flames spouted from the 95-foot high elevator. Firemen from Wilmot, S. D., and nearby Browns Valley, Minn., joined with the Sisseton depart- ment to keep both fires from spreading. While they were busy pouring water into the flaming brick-wall- ed department store, fire broke out in the frame structure across the street behind them. Sparks appar- ently had ignited the roof. That building, too, soon was enveloped in flames. It housed Louie's sport shop, Just and Larrahee's tavern and the Coffee Cup cafe. The heat was so intense .from the Stavig blaze that windows in oth- er buildings were shattered. Sparks also set fire to the Ro- Year's Losses nigh Two of the three units of.the ele- vator burned. A third unit, com' pleted last June at a cost of 000, was damaged. The total ca- pacity of the structures was 000 bushels of grain. Fire department officials said they were unable to 'explain how the elevator nearly a mile away from the Stavig fire could have been ignited by flyiag sparks.r Adams said the city's losses this year will top The first ma- jor blaze was January 14 when Kane's cai'e was destroyed. The loss was about A blaze hit Hoy's mark- et, the Cahill furniture store, vern's tavern and City bakery on March 1. On April 10, the Christianson Grain Company elevator was de- stroyed with a loss. Just 16 days later on April 26, fire destroyed the Dady pool hall and Wally's cafe with a total loss of about southwest of Huichon. The Fifth Air force reported heavy traffic in vehicles and troops on foot moving .north from Hui- cbon toward Kanggye. The South Korean First division (Continued on Pagre 2, Column 5) ALLIES WEATHER FED1SRAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity: Generally fair, with some cloudiness tonight and Tuesday. Colder tonight, low Tuesday with high of 58 "in afternoon. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 78; minimum, 44; noon, 46; precipitation, none. Official' observation.? for the 24 hours ending at 12 ro. today: .46; minimum, 39; noon, 45; precipitation, none; sun' sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow'at Additional weather on Page 16. ;