Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 22, 1953, Winona, Minnesota
Fair, Cooler Tonight and Friday VOLUME 53, NO. 209 Support Your Community Chest SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 22, 1953 TWENTY-FOUR PAGES Road Given Reds Who Quit Repatriation Talks Return No Indication POWs Will Be Forced to Listen By FORREST EDWARDS PANMUNJOM Red satellite members of the Korean Neutral Nations Repatriation Commission ended a three-day walkout today but there was no indication they had won their point anti-Red Koreans be forced to hear Communists efforts to wheedle them home. The explanations have been stalled .since Monday when the Polish and Czech delegates left the commission after being voted down by the Indians, Swedes and Swiss. In today's meeting they appar- ently repeated the demand without success and the explanations re- mained at a standstill. The Communist delegates are forcing the point by disregarding the 14.600 Chinese who apparently will listen, insisting instead on talking with the Koreans who refused with a show of belliger- ence. Propaganda Beating The Red reluctance to meet the Chinese may grow from the sting- ing propaganda beating they took in the first two days of interviews 19 of 921 Chinese chose the road to Communism. After unsuccessful efforts by In- dian guards to get the Koreans peacefully to the interviews the Red efforts were called off in stalemate. Lt. Gen. K. S. Thimayya, Indian chairman of the repatriation com- mission, said after Thursday's ses- sion that Indian troops are unable to produce the Koreans "at this time." However, the 2-hour, 25-minute meeting was not adjourned but was recessed until Friday, leading observers to speculate that some new line of argument may have been presented. Before the meeting Thimayya said he would ask for an indefinite recess, but he declined comment on that point after the session. The days without interviews are chopping time from the explana- tion period set by the armistice, which was Dec. 23 by Allied inter- pretation and Dec. 24 by the Indian view. The Allies already have refused several requests for extensions. May Stall Out Talks Some observers have speculated the Reds may be willing to stall out the period without any more a worse prop- aganda then perhaps protest later that they never had a fair deal. Meanwhile, the Army announced that Cpl. Edward S. Dickenson, the former prisoner who switched his choice from Communism to home, was flown to Tokyo Thurs- day for a medical checkup. Dick- enson is from Big Stone Gap, Va. The Army was permitting no in- terviews or photographs; at the field except for Air Force person- nel. Dickenson was one of 23 Ameri- cans, 1 Briton and 335 South Ko- reans who had elected to stay be- hind in the war prisoner exchange, ended in mid-September. Pfc. Edward D. Dickenson, right, 23, Crackers Neck, Va., who rejected Communism after at first refusing to go home, is shown shaking hands with Indian Lt. Col. Ujjal Singh at Panmunjom. Col. Singh is escorting him to a waiting helicopter which flew him to the 21st evacuation hospital. (UP Telephoto) Military Aid Will Go to Europe Via ew Defense Setup By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON are about complete for funneling U. S. military aid to Western European countries through the projected European Defense Community as soon as it is ratified. This was reported today by government officials who pictured Sec- retary of State Dulles .ind other top officials as confident that the long-stalled EDC treaty will be finally approved in the next three or four months. That action would clear the way for rearming of West Germany, the only nation which has ratified it so far. Other signers are France, Italy, Belgium, The Netherlands and Luxembourg. State Department informants said a special agreement covering Blonde Shatters Court Tradition WASHINGTON attractive blonde in a tight-fitting knit dress j ,5dlU a. Wednesday shattered a very delivery of American aid to Supreme Court tradition. EDC, being worked out with a de- Tail, blue-eyed Miss Belladonna fense community preparatory com- Villines, a former Chicago lawyer, j mission at Paris, is substantially stood smiling before the nine j black-robed high court justices to: Be admitted to practice before the court. Smash the ancient, unwritten rule that no female even remotely resembling a "sweater girl" must ever divert the attention of the judges from their thoughts of law. Miss Villines threw her shoulders back to look up at the judges on their high bench in the brief cere- mony. Justice Douglas took one look, then jerked off his glasses for another long look. Justice Frank- furter, 70, kept his eyes on law books before him, until Justice Jackson nudged him. Then both smiled. The other judges took the historic event without blinking. completed. In general it follows the line of agreements required by Congress with all the individual countries receiving U.S. assistance. brief, the requirements are the aid must be used to Miss R. Belladonna Villines poses in the lawyer's lounge after smashing an old Supreme Court tradition that no one even remote- ly resembling a "sweater girl" must ever divert the attention of the justices from their thoughts of law. She did it by going before the court in her tight-fitting knit dress to be admitted to Supreme Court practice. Miss her professional a lawyer who practiced in Chicago until recently. (AP Wirephoto) In that strengthen the free world, that there be adequate publicity as to the source, and that the aid not be transferred to other areas with- out U. S. approval. Technical pro- visions cover presence of Ameri- can personnel in the areas where weapons and equipment are re- leased and used. Officials said the agreement has been negotiated in line with baMC U. S. policy, as laid down by Con- gress in recent foreign aid bills, that U. S. aid may be given to international organizations whers that is desirable. Beyond this, an amendment to the bill passed last year specified that only a portion of the author- ized military help for Western Eu- rope could be delivered prior to the formation of the European De- fense Community. Famed Artist Dead OXFORD, England Muir- head Bone, artist and author, died Wednesday night at his home here. He was 77. Vote Reaction In California Awaited Nov. 10 Republicans Warned Democratic Victory Not Unexpected By GARBER DAVIDSON LOS ANGELES im- portant early test of voter re'action to the Eisenhower administration will be. forthcoming Nov. 10 when a special. California congressional election is held in a Los Angeles district. The 24th Congressional District election is attracting a nationwide attention in view of the setback the Republicans got in a similar election in Wisconsin last week. Republicans are frankly worried and Democrats are hopeful as the campaigns in the California dis- trict buildup. GOP Gov. Goodwin J. Knight warned in Sacramento Tuesday that there is danger the Republi- cans may lose as they did in Wis- consin Oct. 14 when Lester R. Johnson won in a district that had never before elected a Democrat. That election. Knight said, was "a defeat and not an incident." The special election in the Cali- fornia district was called to fill a vacancy created when Paul Poulson, a Republican, resigned from Congress to become mayor of Los Angeles, He defeated for- mer Mayor Fletcher Brown in an election. Two Republicans and two Demo- crats are campaigning for the seat I election because he failed to file in Congress. I enough valid signatures to his Thousands Of Motorists were delayed in get- ting into Boston today after fire destroyed the Dover St. Bridge over the New Haven Railroad tracks and the Fort Point Channel, snapping power and telephone lines. Many commuter trains to South Shore points also were held up by debris and fire hoses. (UP Telephoto) Impeliitteri Ruled Off N.Y. Mayoral Ballot NEW YORK Vincent! R. Impeliitteri has been ruled off weapons Atomic Electric Plant Attempted CHICAGO United States today announced the first full- scale attempt to tame atomic power for move billed as "America's answer" to Soviet claims of mastery over dread new the baHot for the Nov. 3 mayoral The 24th District is a typical big-1 nominating petitions as an inde- j enough a city of city area. It comprises a north-1 pendent candidate. Thomas E. Murray, a member, said the Atomic Energy Commis- sion will build an industrial power reactor producing at least kilowatts of electrical energy- central area of Los Angeles city I Impeliitteri has declined so far to say whether he will conduct a write-in campaign, the only course left to him if he continues efforts to win re-elec- tion. State Supreme Court Justice William H. Mun- son ruled Wed- nesday that mayor's Experi and the city of South Pasadena. Most of the "residents are average white-collar and working-class peo- ple. Campaign workers say only a small percentage of the district is considered "silk stocking." The balloting in this election should provide a poll of a fairly typical group of city voters while the Wisconsin vote was a test of a predominantly rural district. In California virtually all Repub- lican organizations are throwing their support to Glenard P. Lips- comb, a state assemblyman and secretary of Vice President Rich- ard Nixon's national campaign last year. Lipscomb is a Los Angeles accountant. The other Republican___ _______ in the race is state legislator John 1' A spokesman for the Republican L. E. Collier, Los Angeles busi-1 mayoral candidate, former Act- lessman. j ing" Postmaster Harold Reigelman, Virtually all Democratic organi-1 claimed that the barring of Impel- zations are pulling for George L. ijtteri would help Riegelman. Arnold, a young Los Angeles at-1 City Council President Rudolph tions party peti- contained no more than 276 valid signa- tures among the y. filed. The law requires a minimum of He said the project will cost "many tens of millions of dollars" and that the AEC hopes to have an operating plant in three to four years. The plant, Murray said, may be located "at or near" an AEC facil- ity for separating uranium-235, the paydirt of atomic power, from natural uranium. The AEC has one such facility at Oak Ridge, Tenn., and is building others at Paducah, Ky., and Portsmouth, Ohio. He said Westinghouse Corp. will be the principal contractor for the new plant which, he said, is of a design "inherited from a naval project." Rear Adm. H. G. Rick- over, the Navy's reactor expert was given "immediate responsibil- ity" for the new program. Murray's historic announcement little more than eight years after the United States unleashed the world's first atomic bomb at torney. He is the son of Thurman Arnold, assistant attorney general under President Franklin D.Roose- velt and son-in-law of columnist Halley, mayoral candidate of the Liberal and Independent parties and onetime chief counsel to the Kefauver Committee, contended Drew Pearson. The other Demo- j the development would aid him. crat is Irving Markheim, a vet- erans' service officer. The Democrats have an edge in registration in the district, to Republicans. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Fair and cooler tonight and Friday. Low to- night 46, high Friday afternoon 62, LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: 85; minimum, 56; noon, 74; precipitation, trace; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 81 at p. m. Wednesday, min. 65 at p. m. Wednesday. Noon 72, Clouds over- cast at feet, wind 15 miles per hour from southwest, barom- There was no immediate com- ment from the camp of Manhattan Borough President Robert F, Wag- ner Jr., who beat Impeliitteri for the Democratic nomination by al- most 2 to 1 at the Sept. 15 pri- mary. Wagner's supporters had previously claimed Wagner would get at least 40 per cent of the Im- peliitteri vote if the mayor were ruled off the ballot. Wausau Boy Killed In Motorcycle Crash WAUSAU Baumann, 20, Marathon, was killed and a girl riding with him was injured seriously Tuesday night when his motorcycle smashed headon with an auto on a county trunk road about 10 miles west of here. Auth- orities said Baumann was hurled 85 feet. Miss Carol Kerstein, 17, also of Marathon, was catapulted 50 feet and suffered a skull fracture McCarthy Gets Cadillac From Texas Admirers WASHINGTON GW-Sen. McCar- thy (R-Wis) and his bride receiv- ed a SS.OOO Cadillac automobile Wednesday as a wedding gift from a group of Texas admirers plus one from Iowa. Along with it went a certificate by Gov. Allan Shivers of Texas, proclaiming that "Joe McCarthy real now of- ficially a Texan" and entitled to in a speech pre- j drive the gleaming black and pared for the electric companies' chrome coupe with the Texas li- public information program. I cense plates. He said the AEC decided to beat I Eugene Biggers, owner of the Russia to the punch by pushing j Lakeland cattle ranch near Apple- ahead first with an industrial pow-1 by, Tex., made the official presen- er program instead of concentrat-1 tation in front of the Capitol. ing almost exclusively on reactors in for military use. pitol a prepared speech, which he read to the senator in McCarthy's "This is America's I office earlier. Biggers said, "We significant peacetime jn Texas approve the work you are recent Soviet atomic weapons doing, the methods you are employ- Murray said. "It should jng, and the results you are show the world that, even in this j getting, You are doing more to gravest phase of arming for de- make America safe within than fense, America's eyes are still on i anv man in the nation." the peaceful future." Murray said the world was stunned when Russia announced recently it had the hydrogen bomb. But he said world peace would have been more gravely endang- ered if Russia had announced suc- cessful operation of an industrial power had offered to swap atomic know-how for uran- ium produced by other countries, The automobile has air con- ditioning and "the as Big- gers expressed it, in extras. Biggers said about Tex- ans contributed sums from 25 cents to S100 to the fund to buy the car, and one man in Iowa sent a contribution. He told Mc- Carthy he would send him a list of all contributors soon. eter 30.07 falling, humidity 60 per among other injuries. The auto cent, visibility 15 miles. driver was uninjured. Scientist ancf British Professor Share Nobel Prize By GUSTAV SVENSSON sue. The two developments are STOCKHOLM, Sweden l.fl A j closely related. Harvard University scientist and Both achievements were de- a German-born B'ritish processor jointly won the 1953 Nobel Prize for medicine and physiology today for their discovery of fundamental life mechanisms inside human cells. The honor went to Dr. Fritz Al- bert Lipmann, professor of biochemistry at Britain's Sheffield University. They will share the Swed- ish crowns prize money. Dr. Lipmann gained the distinc- tion through his discovery of a co- enzyme A, an organic substance that plays an important part in nearly every biological process. Dr. Krebs was cited for his "wheel of fortune" explanation of how _____________ food becomes energy in living tis- Minister, Sir Winstoc Churchill. I large extent complementary. scribed by Dr. Goran Liljestrand, secretary of the medical Nobel committee, as being "of the ut- most theoretical significance and very likely to have great practi- cal importance in understanding diseases and similar disturbances." The award was the 44th made: by Stockholm's Caroline Institute, of Medicine under the will of thef late Alfred Nobel, inventor of amite, who died in 1896. The will established similar an- nual prizes for- outstanding work The other awards are still to be announced. Both medicine winners are na- tives of Germany but have become citizens of their adopted countries. Dr. Lipmann, was born in Koenigs- berg and studied at the University of Berlin. He went to the United States in 1931 on a Rockefeller Foundation scholarship and has been a Harvard professor since 1949. His co-winner was born at Hilde- sheim and studied at the univer- sities of Goettingen, Munich and Berlin. For a time he served as an assistant at the famous Kaiser Wilhelm Biology Institute in Berlin. literature, physics, chemistry, In 1933 he fled to Britain as a ref- and toward world peace. The liter-j ugee from the Nazis, ature prize this year already has! The work of the two scientists been awarded to the British Prime j has been closely related and to a Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy right, and Army Secre- tary Robert T. Stevens, second from right, leave the Evans Signal Laboratory in Ft. Monmouth, N. J., with New Jersey congress- men after investigating alleged security leaks at the Signal Corps radar laboratories. At left is Maj, Gen Kirke B. Lawton, com- mandant at the fort. Second from left is Sen. H. Alexander Smith and in center is Rep. James C. Auchincloss. In background is Maj. Gen. George L. Back, chief of the Army Signal Corps. (AP Wirephoto) Forestry Improvement Appropriations Also Declared Constitutional MADISON, Wis. Wiscon- sin Supreme Court gave the go- ahead today to construction of state toll roads. The high court, in an unusual proceeding, also ruled that a state appropriation of annually to local units of government for forestry improvements is constitu- tional. Both decisions were handed down orally, with the comment that written decisions would come later. This was done so that the Legislature, which reconvenes Monday could act on the cases if necessary at that time. Validity of Law Upheld Justice Martin announced the decision on the toll roads, declar- ing that the court had upheld val- idity of the law passed in the 1953 session of the Legislature which created a turnpike commission that has authority to start con- struction of toll roads. The law appropriated to the commission to study feasi- bility of a turnpike between the Illinois and Minnesota state lines, paralleling Highway 12 to cost about 170 million dollars. If the commission finds such a road feasible, it could issue bonds and start construction. In the forestry decision, Justice Broadfoot stated that the state could pay money legally for forest crop purposes in lieu of taxes. The practice has been going on for sev- eral years but was not challenged until this year when E. C. Gicssel, budget director, did so at request of Gov. Kohler. To Cost State The court's decision on this law will require appropriations of from the general fund. Giessel had halted payment on the I due for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1953, and two sums of must be provided from the general fund in the next two fiscal years. This will mean the Legislature must find another when it reconvenes Monday, increasing he anticipated deficit for the 1953-55 biennium to about Giessel started both suits by de- clining to honor vouchers for toll road business and payment under the forest crop law. The attorney general's office asked declaratory judgment forc- ing Giessel to pay. The Supreme Court granted these judgments. The five-member turnpike com- mission was given by the 1953 Legislature to start its work. Counsel for Giessel contended the jlaw put the state in a position of engaging in internal improvements contrary to the stale consiitution. Internal improvements are works i of a local nature that do nut bcne- ifit the state as a whole. Crop Law Explained i Under the forest crop law, there is a state properly tax of one tenth of a mil! for acquiring, pre- j serving and developing slate for- i ests; provided that not more than this amount is used for the pur- pose. Each year collections from the tax are appropriated to the Con- servation Commission, which in turn reimburses counties at the rate of 10 cents an acre for lands set aside for forestry purposes. For many years, however, un- der legislative act, the state has been appropriating from the gen- eral fund in addition to the mill tax collected to reimburse local units of government in lieu of taxes for private lands placed un- der the forest crop law. It was Giessol's contention that this additional appropriation was unconstitutional. The attorney general contended, however, that payment to localities when private individuals brought land under the forest crop law and the land thus became exempt from property taxes and this was "a valid subsidy" and not in viola- tion of the constitution. La Crosse GOP Chairman Refused MADISON iff] Peter G. Pappas, La Crosse, Third District Repub- lican chairman, was told by the Wisconsin Supreme Court today he could not intervene in the Rogan reapportionment law held unconsti- tutional by the court Oct. 6. "The court can find no legal au- thority for a stranger who believes he was hurt by a decision to be a substitute for the attorney general in a matter of this Justice Martin said.