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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 21, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy Tonight; Rain, Windy and Cooler Thursday VOLUME S3, NO. 208 Support Your Community Chest SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 21, 1953 TWENTY-FOUR PAGES ence in Mr. And Mrs. Van Buren Dickenson, parents of Cpl. Edward S. Dickenson who today rejected Communism and chose to return to his home- land, posed in front their remote mountain home at Big Stone Gap, Va., today. (UP Tele- photo) W W w American POW Quits Reds to Come Home PANMUNJOM tfl A smiling Southern mountain soldier quif the Communists today and said it was "more than likely" some of the other 22 Americans who cast their Edward S. Dickenson of Big Stone Gap, Va., was turned over to the U.N. Command today. He was the first of 359 unrepatriated Al- lied POWs to return to the Allies. lot with the Reds would change) "It sure feels great to be back their minds. in the hands of the Apparently in good health, Cpl. Dickenson grinned to newsmen at TODAY Rearming OF Japan Dragging By JOSEPH ALSOP further you go in the Far East, the more impatient you become with the dollops of dangerously misleading drivel that are being handed out at home on the sublet of the Far Eastern sit- the short transfer ceremony. when asked why he had changed his mind. Dickenson was asked if force was used to convert him to Com- munism or to keep him from re- turning home. "I don't think I should answer he replied. As questions were fired by about His parents, Mr. and Mrs. Van 130 newsmen, Dickenson fidgeted Buren Dickenson, who live in a remote cabin in the Allegheny mountains, were joyous. His moth- er told a newsman, "Well thank God I knew he was coming home if they'd let him." No .Hard Feelings "If you she told the re- porter, "I wish you would get a wdrd to him tell him nobody hereabouts thinks hard of him for what he done, and we will all give him a big welcome home. Ain't Benson Differs On 9th District Race Analysis Opposes Opinion Election Loss Stems From Farm Policies NEW YORK UP) Agriculture Secretary Ezra Taft Benson says he "certainly" disagreers that a recent Democratic victory in a Wisconsin Republican congression- al district stemmed from lack of confidence in administration farm policies. The 9th congressional district a week ago elected Lester R. John- son as the first Democrat ever to represent it. The loser, Republi- can Arthur Padrutt said afterward: The results show very clearly that the farmer and the laboring man do not like the present ad- ministration's policies." Benson, in an interview with Er- nest K. Lindley in Newsweek mag- azine, indicated he had no inten- tion of resigning, despite some pressure to do so, or of altering his approach to the farm price problem. One of the questions submitted to Benson was: "The Democratic victory in the 9th Wisconsin con- gressional district is widely attrib- uted to lack of confidence in the administration farm policies. Do you agree with "I certainly do not re- plied Benson. "So far the farm it may well indi- enson Farmers Taking Problem in Stride, President Believes WASHINGTON Eisenhower today voiced full con- fidence in Secretary of Agriculture Benson who has come under fire from some Congress members. Eisenhower also told a news conference he believes the nation's cattlemen and farmers are taking their current problems in stride and are not as upset about them as some politicians are. The President said he is not going President Eisenhower greeted Maj. Gen. William F. Dean, one of the nation's most famous ex-prisoners of war, who was his guest at a White House breakfast today. Gen. Dean arrived in Washington Tuesday for reassignment and an operation on his eye. (UP Telephoto) cate continued dissatisfaction with the existing farm program (which the Eisenhower Administration in- herited from the Truman Admin- VA Announces nervously and sat unsmiling. IVm t-imilllG After about 10 minutes, he turned 'WJJVI VllMlltJV to an American major and said: In Dental Care Home Folk Set T r WASHINGTON W) The Vet- 10 Vjreet rUW erans Administration Tuesday an- I nounced a major change in its BIG STONE GAP, Va. (.a-Folks j dental care program which will no hard feelings on our part." Benson: Dickenson was one of 23 Ameri- j "Tell around this community in moun- tainous southwest Virginia have a message for Cpl. Edward S. Dick- cans, 1 Briton and 335 South Ko- reans the Reds said refused re- patriation to remain under Com- munist rule. Dickenson changed his mind with uation. Take this country. Many months ago, the United States was told that Japanese rearmament was guaran- teed by the famous peace treaty negotiated by Secretary of State John Foster "Dulles. Most Ameri- cans who think about foreign af- fairs at all, already think of Japan as a strong point of the free world in the Far Pacific. Indeed the phrase, "Japanese has recently become a cliche. The truth is altogether different. Japan is not a mess of rancid mush, like some other countries that could be mentioned. But Japan is not a bastion cither, and Japan will not be a bastion for so long that this kind of phony talk ought has not started efforts to persuade balky former Allied soldiers to re- turn. The Communist explanations to him nobody hereabouts thinks hard of him for what he done, and we will all give him a big welcome home. Ain't no hard feelings on our part." Those were the words last night of a grateful mother, Mrs. Bessie C. Dickenson, after receiving news that her son had changed his mind and wanted to come home after I first refusing repatriation in Ko- North Korean and Chinese POWs, meanwhile, were canceled again Thursday for the fourth straight day. Dickenson, wearing a blue Chi- nese POW uniform, snapped a smart salute as he walked up to a Marine Major who received him at the transfer tent in the neutral zone. Dickenson angrily crumpled a pack of Chinese cigarettes and asked an Indian officer, "Is it all right to smoke, The officer replied, "yes" and the smiling The father is 72 the mother in her in a remote cabin "straight up" a mountainside about three miles from the nearest village. The home is about six miles from the nearest telephone. sng to be sternly ruled out at present., corporal lit an American cigarette. Jap Rearmament Asked b a evsman whother To start with, A''' Minister Shigeru old Prime more Americans might return, the ,.i soft-spoken Dickenson answered, whom Secretary Dulles negotiated Thn his treaty, does not really much like the idea of Japanese rearma- ment. Like 95 per cent of the other political leaders of postwar Japan. Yoshida has acutely un- happy'memories of Japanese mili- tarism. Today he finds it hard to conceive of Japanese armed forces genuinely subject to civilian con- trol. By the same token. Yoshida can- not even begin to think about the kind of Japanese rearmament which would safeguard these is- lands from the local power of the Soviet Union. is a job for 'more than likely." The remark was the first indication that at least some of the other balky j POWs are thinking of coming home. Moved to Seoul After the 10-minute transfer process. Dickenson was whisked by helicopter to the 121st Evacuation Hospital in Seoul for a medical checkup and processing. x Dickenson made up his mind to come back some time before 10 o'clock Tuesday night. The soldier approached an Indian guard, com- plained of being ill and asked to By FRED HOFFMAN WASHINGTON un- ions started the machinery today for polling one million telegraph- ers, clerks and other nonoperating railroad workers on whether they want to strike for a health plan and other nonwage benefits. But a union leader indicated a strike is unlikely, at least for sev- eral months. The do not cover engineers, firemen, trainmen or the strike the United States, if only because be taken to tfre mecjical station vote yesterday after thev said, the Japan does not have the resources outside the slockade. I railroads failed to accept an invi- to do the job on the necessary Once therCi Dickenson asked forj tation to begin conferences here. SCa i- u-j an officer. and an Indian non-j George E Lcighty, head of the As to tmna. loshmas commissioned officer asked the i telegraphers union and chairman American prisoner: "What is! of a joint negotiating committee wrong with I set up by the 15 organizations, said Dickenson replied: "Nothing's at the same time that the unions wrong with me. I want to be re-1 have called on the national media- imaginations of most other free world leaders. Me quite obviously finds it hard to believe that China's vast ancient and resistant human mass will ever be transformed into a disciplined modern slave state, j In particular, he really cannot be- lieve that China, historically 2. military vacuum, is now being forg- ed into" the chief military power in the Far East. Economic Mess patriated." Dickenson was segregated from the other non-repatriated prison- tion board to step in. Generally, a strike authorized is post- poned when the board intervenes. Wednesday morning other American prisoners report- ed to Indian guards that Dicken- The issues in the dispute center one of the around the health and welfare pro- greatly limit the free treatment now given to veterans. It's the second narrowing of the program since mid-August. A VA spokesman said the new change is likely to cut off about 35 per. cent of all the free treat- ment. He added that a number of veterans who have already been promised VA dental care aren't going to get it under the new rules, but declined to give a figure. The new change allows most vet- erans to get free treatment only once for a dental condition directly traceable to their military service. Under an interpretation of a law passed in 1933, veterans have been allowed virtual lifetime treatment for any dental condition traceable to their service. The VA spokesman said the change in the dental program is a new interpretation of the 1933 law. The VA said only three excep- tions will be made to the one- time treatment rule. Additional treatment will be authorized when: 1. A veteran is receiving compen- sation payments for a dental con- dition. 2. A dental condition is found to be aggravating another service- connected disability. 3. A former prisoner of war needs treatment for dental condi- tions found to be caused by his imprisonment. Stevenson, Hoover Asked to Aid U. S. Foreign Trade Quiz By JACK BELL WASHINGTON Eisenhower's 17-member study corn- has decided to ask the advice of Adlai E. Stevenson and President Herbert Hoover in a search for a nonpartisan solu- State Trunk Road Plan Way Behind, Says Hoffmann ST. PAUL trunk highway construct i o n program, measured by current traffic needs, today is farther behind than it was 20 years ago. That's what M. J. Hoffmann, state highway commissioner, told a 28-member Minnesota Highway Study Commission today at a pub- lic hearing in the State Office Building auditorium. The of 14 legislators and 14 private citizens- opened two days of public hearings on the state's mile road and street problem with testimony slated from state, county, town- ship, city and village officials. Hoffmann said that, Minnesota with miles of state, county and township roads and municipal streets has miles more of roadway to be maintained by.a tion of the foreign trade problem. The commission, headed by Clarence Randall, Of Chicago, presi- dent of the Inland Steel Corp., scheduled hearings behind closed It about has the st York with a population of almost doors today and tomorrow, asked for testimony during the two days by Republican Paul G. Hoff- man and Democrat W. Averell Harriman, former foreign aid ad- ministrators in the Truman admin- istration. Sen Bush a member of the group, said the commission will open its doors next week for public testimony by Hoover and Stevenson, the 1952 Democratic presidential nominee. Bush said in an interview he was British Guiana Surprised Over English Charges GEORGETOWN, British Guiana impressed with an evident deter-1 Quianans generally ex- mination within the group to reach j ressed surprise today over offi- scme sort of agreement on a new j dal British charges that the col- foreign trade program that might ,s ousted leftist government the state. Today, remove the issue from politics. )plotted to Durn business property registered million. Hoffmann said department en- gineers estimate that 503 million dollars would be required to bring the state's rural and urban trunk highways up to those standards which will be reasonably t to service present and an' traffic needs. to be critical of his secretary of agriculture because Benson has not yet produced a quick solution of the farm problem. His statements came when he was asked about assertions by Sen. Young (R-ND) that Benson should resign because, Young said, the cabinet member had "lost the confidence of the farmers." Eisenhower said he thinks it is up to the president to decide who should be his principal advisors in each field of government. And he declared he has seen no one more dedicated than Benson to working out the problem of the conflict between producers and consumers. Eisenhower declined, with a laugh, to say whether he thought discontent over administrat ion farm policies wa.s the chief factor in the recent election of a Demo- crat to Congress from a normally Republican congressional district; in Wisconsin. The chief executive was in a buoyant mood and touched a wide range of subjects in his news con- ference. He said among other things: 1. He does not plan to take sny part on the state or local level in next year's congressional elec- tions, but hopes he can heip the Republican party by trying to es- tablish policies which the over- whelming majority of Americans approve. 2. On the subject of Cpl. Edward S. soldier who changed his mind about remaining in Communist the intense indoctrination to which American prisoners were subject- ed. he sometimes wonders that i there weren't more who elected And, by .comparison, this is more i stay behind. than the 464 million dollars that 3_ He does not whether it _ the state has expended for all W0uld be passible to sell the Ten- son was missing, a reliable source I said. Finally, Japan is in a terrible j pQW economic mess threatened with sam tne snovungno inn-it nn innation needing to balance -1nH ana her e w _ riirpr-tlv reactlon. immediately went back directly i.nln ihn budget. into the compound and told the Why Secretary Dulles, when he other Americans that Dickenson had asked to go home. (Continued on Page 7, Column 3) "I did not want to Stay witH the posal and four paid vacations, pay for holiday work, overtime for Sunday duty, and a free transportation plan. The unions, accusing the rail- roads of "protracted made public a letter sent to the carriers' representatives Oct. 12 in ALSOPS Communists any he said j which they said they were "unwill- ing to countenance any further de- lay" in starting negotiations. This Little Black and white puppy was out on a tall limb at Birmingham, Ala., and wait- ing to be rescued, when this picture was made. The dog was found on the 75-foot level of a 100-foot forest ranger fire tower. (AP Wirephoto) "It's going to be difficult to find j homes of government officials a formula which will step up our j wnjte men. imports and still not threaten in-1 gut officials of the People's Pro- dividual American he gressive Party con said. "But if there is an answer, I am confident the commission will find it." Randall wrote interested nation- al organizations yesterday inviting them to submit written statements on their views. "The commission is anxious to have before it the views of all seg- ments of American industry, agri- culture, labor and the general pub- lic with respect to the problems which it is Randall said. Because the commission hopes to report to Congress early next year, he said, it will be impossible to hear witnesses from all affected groups. Police Probe Continues Over Kidnap Money I ST. LOUIS police offici-j als called witnesses ranging "from 1 i Poaro a police clerk on up" today in the Japan-Korean reace Break Down construction on the trunk highway system from its beginning in 1921 up to Jan. 1, 1953, Hoffmann said. Hoffmann said that 30 years ago there were less than trucks of all classifications and about 000 passenger cars registered in Minnesota has motor vehicles, and "nearly" of them are trucks or trucks and trailers, thou- sands of them of box car size carrying products of farms and factories. trolled the government before Brit- ain revoked the colony's constitu- tion Oct. 9 and fired six Cabinet the line that the ac- cusations were an imperialist-in- spired concoction brewed by the London government and its repre- sentatives in the colony. The plot charges were made in a white paper issued in London yesterday as Britain's Parliament reassembled after its summer re- cess. The London government said its information on the alleged plot came "from reliable sources" who were not named. The white paper asserted Brit- ish troops which were rushed to Georgetown foiled Communist-in- spired plans to turn the colony into a totalitarian state. It listed 11 charges against ousted Prime Minister Cheddi Jagan and his _______ PPP regime, ranging from the j Vice President and Mrs. Richard j fire plot to plans to rewrite the Nixon arrived here from Darwin, colony's school textbooks with a Australia, today for a three-day political bias. visit. Jagan has denied British accu- sations that he and his 5-month- old government had schemes for turning British Guiana into a Mos- cow puppet state. He is presently en route to London to put his case before colonial authorities. nessee Valley (TVA) to private industry without wrecking the en- tire system. He had been asked to comment on the statement by Clarence Manion, head of a com- mission studying federal-state re- lations, that TVA never should have been built and ought to be sold by the federal government. 4. On Israel, he replied with a firm yes, but did not elaborate, when asked if he had discussed with Secretary of State Dulles the cutting off of economic aid to that country. Dulles Announces Dulles announced Tuesday the United States is withholding furth- er aid because Israel will not ac- cept a U.N. ruling as to diversion Fire Losses Approach Billion Dollar Mark BOSTON UPI The nation's fire _. losses during 1952 crept toward the of. .Jordan water. billion-dollar mark and today's news conference for the fourth successive year, the centered, on the drought, falling National Fire Protection Assn. es- raatte" timated todav wlth which l.he Presldent concerned And the ouUook for 1953 is even worse. Preliminary estimates by j the National Board of Fire Under-1 writers for the first eight months of this year indicate an increase of about 17.9 per cent over the same period of 1952. Nixons in Indonesia JAKARTA, Indonesia W) U. S. Midwest and his swing to the Kio Grande, The President did say. in another connection, however, that while the general cost of living has con- tinued to rise it is leveling off to a considerably greater extent than in recent years. Eisenhower appeared momen- tarily taken aback, but then laugh- led, third day of their closed-door in vestigation of possible irregulari- ties in police handling of the TOKYO Japan-Republic Greenlease kidnap-slaying. Of Korea peace treaty talks broke Police Chief Jeremiah O'Connell, I down today for the third time, heading the panel of police offici- j Kim Yong Shik, head of the als holding the inquiry into the South Korean mission in Japan, arrest of the kidnapers here the meeting it was useless to the recovery of half of the carry on further talks, ransom, indicated, however, the key witness, Lt. Louis Shoulders, may again postpone his appear- W CA I nCK ance. It was Shoulders, acting on a tip FEDERAL FORECAST _ 'igpr who Winona and Bonnie Brown Heady, the con- fessed kidnap-killers of 6-year-old Bobby Greenlease, and recovered about of the ransom. Hager was questioned for six hours by the panel yesterday. O'Connell said he talked to Shoulders yesterday and found found him emotionaEy up- set." Shoulders' physician told newsmen the officer suffered a nervous condition after overwork- ing himself on the case. The physician, Dr. Charles M. Bauman, said he believed Shoul- ders should not be questioned at this time because of his health.' 55, high Thursday 75. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum. 87; minimum, 56; noon, 79; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 85 at p. m. Tuesday, min. 54 at a.m. to- day. Noon 79. Thin, scattered layer of "clouds at feet, visibility 12 miles, wind 6 miles per hour from south southeast, barometer 30.17 falling slowly, humidity 44 per cent. The Comic Book Story of "Rudolph the Red Nosed Rein- deer" provides a laugh for Chief Boatswain's Mate Vin- cent Paladino of New Rochelle, N. Y., and his adopted son, Kyun Soo Le, a Korean war orphan in Honolulu despite dif- ficulties the chief mate is hav- ing getting the boy into the United States. (AP Photo) a reporter (Joseph A. of the Washington Star) asked him point blank what he thought of Senator Young's statement that Benson should resign. Speaking in a highly serious vein, the President said he believes it is his own responsibility to decide who his principal advisors are go- ing to be. He went on to say he knows no one more dedicated than the agri- culture secretary to American principles. Moreover, Eisenhower said, ha knows of no one more anxious to get a fair treatment for consumers and producers alike. And, Eisen- hower declared, just because Ben- son can't produce a miraculous cure for farm problems he, for one, is not going to be critical of the secretary. Deeply Gratified Eisenhower, at the outset, vol- unteered the comment he was deeply gratified that the drought state governors with whom he met in Kansas City had agreed on a program of federal-state coopera- tion to relieve their emergency conditions rather than seeking to depend on federal aid alone. He said this principle of federal- state cooperation was being ex- tended by the governors in work- ing out a long-range program for coping with any future disasters. He said farmers in general are very happy that the administra- tion is trying to develop a com- prehensive program and is getting the constant advice of practical farmers in doing so. As for the Wisconsin election, Eisenhower said with a chuckle that the correspondents are prob- ably better equipped to analyze a local election outcome than he is. ;