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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 20, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Fair; Warmer Tonight and Saturday VOLUME 50, NO. 208 FIVE CENTS PER COPY W1NONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 20, 1950 EIGHTEEN PAGES Escape Route Hoover Urges Europe Do More To Help Self Eisenhower Cites Need for Compulsory Military Training Mason City Given Mid-Continent Stop The Civil Aero- nautics board has granted Mid- Conttnent Airlines temporary au- thority to stop at Mason City, Iowa, on its Chicago-Sioux City flight. Mid-Continent's previous route called for a stop at Fort Dodge, Iowa, on this route between Water- loo and Sioux City. Hoowever, Fort Dodge does not now have an ade- quate airport. Newly-Elected Officers of the Minnesota Congress of Parents and Teachers: Mrs. S. E. Struble, Wyoming, secretary; Mrs. David Aronson, president, and Mrs. Lafe Viker, Halstad, vice-president of region five. TODAY- U.S. Must In Firepower crease Republican-Herald photo Former Teacher Heads P.-T. A. By Adolph Bremer A former Spring Valley teacher who is now the mother of two By Joseph AJsop Washington One of the first, lessons of the Korean Infantry j fighting was summed up for this reporter by a wise and experienc- ed first sergeant: "Wlwt matters In the line, half the time, is bo- dies, just bodies. If tley'll stay there, hold a gun, they're good enough." This lesson was driven home in Korea m at least two major ways. grown sons and a veteran of P.-T.A. work is the new president of Minnesota Congress of Parents and Teachers. Because bodies were few, our fox- holes were spaced at 60 yards. Such a line must always be ex- pected to break somewhere, if subjected to serious pressure. This was the explanation of the repeat- ed. enemy breakthroughs, in the first dangerous months. Equally, one of General Mac- Arthur's boldest and most bril- liant strokes was to use South Korean bodies, on a very large scale. In his American divi- sions. Throughout July the Sev- enth division, still in Japan, was used as a replacement center for the divisions In Ko- rea. But the Seventh division was also about half of Mac- Arthur's total reserve for the Inchon landing1. Therefore, in order to conserve his reserve, the General firmly ordered the divisions in Korea to ac- cept South Koreans as re- placements, and simultane- ously filled up the depleted Seventh division with no less than South Koreans. The South Koreans in the Sev- enth division had only a couple of months training; the replace- ments sent to the other divi- sions had only a few weeks. The extraordinary expedient of in- Duluth, vice-president of region corporatins half-trained foreign Mrs. David Aronson, of the Solen Hay unit in Minneapolis, was installed this afternoon as the president of the organization devoted to the welfare of children and youth.- The wife of a rabbi, Mrs. Aronson is a graduate of the college of edu- cation at the University of Minneso- ta and a former vice-president of ;he Minneapolis P.-T .A. council.'In die congress, she moved today from first vice-president to president. Her election is a return to the normal pattern. Until Harry Bey- By The Associated Press America's only living ex-presi-j dent and an Allied military leader in World War n offered to the na- tion last night their advice on keep- ing this country strong in a ten- jsion-packed world. The advice came from Herbert Hoover, and General Dwlght D. Eisenhower. Mr. Hoover called .for military self-help from western Europe, and reorganization of the United Na- tions to take the world's military- economic burden off the shoulders of the United States, In a foreign policy address broad- cast from New York, Mr. Hoover said: "We cannot carry the load for long without fulfilling Stalin's hopes of bleeding us economical- ly to impotence." He asked the democratic nations of the world to "specify that they will join with and when" in a united military and economic front against Communism. Wants European Army Ex-Mayor Kelly Of Chicago Dead nolds of Wincna, was elected presi- dent three years ago, no one from outside the Twin, Cities and Duluth had ever served as the head of the organization and never before had a man been named. He was elected over opposition. But Mr. Reynolds, under whose r administration great strides have been made, is slated for another job. He's destined to be named the first extension chairman for the congress, and in that capacity will assist in the organization of new units. Also named today at the closing session of the three-day conven- tion were Mrs. Lafe Viker, Halsted, vice-president of region five, and Mrs. S. E, Struble, Wyoming, secre- tary. All elections are for three- year terms. Holdover officers are Miss Louise Swenson, Cloquet, second vice- president; Mrs. J. M. WaUjren, St. Paul, secretary; Mrs. Charles Aid- I ous, Renville, treasurer; John Tal- bot, St Cloud, historian; Mrs. A. J. Linda, St. Paul, vice-president of Pravda Scoffs AtStassen's Bid for Talks Moscow W The Soviet press today scoffed at Harold Stassen's request for a conference with Gen- eralissimo Stalin as a "dirty game." In the first Soviet reply to the letter from ihe University of Penn- sylvania president and former Re- publican presidential aspirant the Communist party organ Pravda said: "Stassen by his statement show- ed that in reality in his program there is not the word Nor the word 'international co-opera- tion.' In the program of Harold Stassen there is arms race and further intensive preparation for war. The hurriedly put on mask of the peacemaker cannot hide the real face of Harold Stassen." said Pravda, "in his Since the end of World War H, lettar demancjs no more, no less he said, this country has spent a Change by the Soviet Un- most in of lts pollcy Europe with gifts, and loans is not difficult to see that "which are also bound to be is not only cnjde but also "We should say, and at trace, jridiculous in advancing this wild that we shall provide no more delrmnd which excludes all possi- money until a definitely unified bmty a serious vjew Of any de- and sufficient European army is gree of 'document' worked out by in sight. And further, that of Pennsylvania un- American divisions will not bejlversjty ln co.0peration with vet- landed until he said. war-mongers Eisenhower and If the United Nations, Western Europe, fail to take upj the major burden of their own de- fenses, he said: We had better quit talking- and paying, and consider holding the Atlantic ocean with Britain if I they wish as one frontier, and the Pacific ocean with an armed Japan and other islands as the oth- er frontier." j America Must Be Strong: In Pittsburgh, General Eisen Lifer Scalded In Escape Try Republican-Herald photo Bernard M. Baruch, 80-year-old adviser to presidents since World War I, answers a question as he is interviewed by report- ers after his speech to alumni of the Mayo foundation at Roches- ter last night. Baruch called for a vast system of price, wage and priority controls to halt inflation. Baruch's Plan for Peace All-Out Mobilization, Rigid Controls Much Higher Taxes Bv William F. White 'Mhower said America must Jackson, Mich. A convict a desperate escape attempt strong enough to meet her world-! via a sewer at Southern Michigan wide obligations, but stay out yesterday and tried to kill a preventive war because "w a himself when it was futile. region one; Mrs. John Eikum, Man- kato, vice-president of region two; the Rev. Russell JE. Myers, Minne- apolis, vice-president of region three, and Mrs. John P. Livingston, troops in our own units was at first j bitterly opposed by almost all Mac- Arthur's subordinates. The Gener- al gave his order when our forces in Korea were already superior to the enemy in firepower, were infi- State Board These officers, plus the new ones, the 16 district presidents and all standing committee chairmen, form the state board, which numbers nearly 60. Miss Myrtle Jensen, Wi- nitely more mobile, and were su- nona, is program service and Foun- preme in the air. Yet the orderiders day chairman, Mrs. Ralph was still essential. Without the mangel Austin is district No. 1 South Koreans to "stay there, hold a gun and shoot" (which they did very the Inchon land- ing would have been impossible. So much do bodies mean in war. All this is necessary to place in perspective what appears to be one president and Mrs. Rolf Hammer, district No. 2. This morning's session was high- lighted by a demonstration on meth- ods in parent education. Partici- pating were Mrs. D. A. Munro, I3u- parent education chairman; Mrs. R. M. Crabb, Erookston, pre- Edward J. Kelly Chicago Former Mayor Edward J. Kelly, 74, Democratic national eommitteeman from Il- linois, died, today. He was sthicken in his suite at fice. begets conditions that beget furth- er wars." Eisenhower, president of Colum- bia university, spoke at a founders day program at the Carnegie In- stitute of Technology. Concerning universal military training, he said: "It will demand sacrifice, but can any sacrifice be considered too great, if it guaran- tees a lifetime of Although more than a token con- tribution of men and arms must come from the U. S., he said, "each of the Atlantic pact nations [must capitalize on its particular i capacity for exertion or endurance. Our own job is production and ffl during recent weeks had appeared at several Democratic rallies. He was Chicago's mayor from 1933 to 1947, longer than any other mayor, and one of the leading po- litical forces contributing to elections of tances." Eisenhower said the times may demand "a sudden and tremendous increase in the budget for but he warned against reckless ex- travagance and selfish grabbing Trapped by hot water in a storm sewer. Lifer Reece A. L a w s o n plunged a knife into his chest. Over his head were ten tons of coal. Prison guards and employes dug through it to free the periled fugitive from what could have been a self-chosen grave. Bernard M Baruch, 80-year-old elder statesman and advisor to Prcsid-nts since Woodrow Wilson, last night told alumni of the Mayo foundation in Rochester that the-United States must now impose a system of controls, including much higher taxes, priorities and ceilings on both prices and wages. Mr. Baruch listed a six-point plan c-f things the United- States should do "if we are to have peace." Mobilize all-out for the next two years, until we have balanced Russia's rearming. Create a single, tempor- ary, over-all, independent, co- ordinating mobiiization agency, reporting directly to the Presi- dent. Set up under it a thorough- going priority system. Provide an appeal board to adjust all unfair hardships. Provide a general ceiling over all prices, all wages, all rents, all fees and other costs. Make taxes heavy enough to pay the full cost of defense and to eliminate profiteering. According to Mr. Baruch our ability to stop inflation is "the very test of thing which may determine in the long run how long we can survive." "Unless the inflation already un- der way is he said, "the Seek to Save Missing U. S. Army Captives MacArthur Sees Leaps 80 Miles South of Border By Russell Brines Tokyo Thousands of Amer- ican parachute troops' leaped deep into Red Korea to clean up the war today. They had two missions: To finish the U. N. war and rescue mis- treated captive Americans. General MacArthur himself di- rected the spectacular aerial as- sault, the first parachute offensive if the Korean his plane overhead. After a 15-hour flight to ths scene, north of the captured Com- munist capital of Pyongyang, he said: "The war is very definitely com- ing to an end today." The airborne troopers, floating down 80 miles south of the Man- churian border, slimmed shut tho Bed escape gates north of Pyong- They sought, too, to rescue American prisoners whisked out of liberated Seoul and to seize the fugitive Fled military headquar- ters. Prisoners Missing But, up until a late hour Friday, there was no word whether the American prisoners some of them forced to a death march from been rescued. Some prisoners '.liberated in Pyongyang said many. died. They said these included Major General William F. Dean, comman-' der of the U; S. 24th division who disappeared in the battle for Tae- July, early in the United Nations defense of the South Ko- rean Republic. There was no con- firmation of the report about Gen- eral Dean. The 'chutists dropped deep in the Red heart of North Korea less than 24 hours after United Nations troops had seized Pyongyang. The aerial operation was virtually un- opposed. Two highway and two rail- road escape routes were sealed off by the troops some 80 miles south of the Mancharian border. Cruising over the area, General MacArthur puffed on his corn cob pipe and talked, to (The A.P.'s Tokyo bureau, chief. program of defense which we Brines, accompanied Mac- undertaken will be Quints Stop Show Geer as Girls Sing 'Sidewalks of N. Y.' New York Canada's Dionne quintuplets, who sang'and sparkled last night to steal the show from a bevy of celebrities at a memorial dinner, went quietly to St. Patrick's cathedral today to attend a mass celebrated by Francis Cardinal Spellman. The 16-year-old girls appeared at the sixth annual Alfred E Smith Memorial foundation dinner la.t night Among the host of the gravest and most urgent organizational problems of chairman, "and Mrs.! defense. H bodies in the line K Evans Austm character and! important, it follows that it is also spiritual education chairman. important for our military zation to get the maximum num- ber of bodies into the line, And this, unfortunately, is emphatical- ly not the case today. In the simplest terms, our army Is now expected to use a million and a half men to produce the rough equivalent of twenty-five divisions. But ac- cording to current estimates, the Soviets are using only three million men to get a total of 175 divisions, including a high proportion of heavy armored, mechanized and artillery divi- sions. chairman, Mrs. Roy M. Leean, Robbinsdale, re- ported that the current membership of the Minnesota Congress is Unite are being added rapidly; the number as of Monday was 760, There are considerably more wo- men than men in the and nearly all the convention dele- gates were several units in the state have approximately jhalf-and-half membership and more than 15 husband-wife delegate teams were present at the conven- tion. Considerable turnover in the The contrast here is almost in- egates was noted, since many credible We use men in the delegates stayed only one or two rear areas to keep in the Sine a days- Some of the units in the state rifle division of men, Ths Soviets use men in the rear areas -to keep in the line a rifle division of men. The total manpower consumed in a single one of our rifle divisions is in fact more than the whole Soviet "di- visional which is only men. Furthermore, although our rifle divisions consume so many men more than the Soviet divisions, the American divisions have no more firepower. The only combat ad- vantage we can .ipparently claim is that the Soviet infantry com- panies are expected to march on send delegates, in shifts, tt> these annual conclaves. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and tonight and Saturday, Not quite so coo! to- night. Warmer Saturday. Low to- night 44 in city, 38 in country, high Saturday 65. IOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 70; minimum. 41; noon, 64; precipitation, none; sun sets to- the cost in time and treasure will be multiplied. Inflation Costly 'In the last war inflation added billions to the cost of the con- flict. Although more experienced, we are cow guilty of the same waste again." Mr. Baruch said .that the Air Force has reported that inflation has eaten out of its budget the equivalent of 750 jet fighters for which funds had been appropriated by Congress. "These planes were lost be- fore they ever started toward he said. "The same thing is happening to the tanks, guns, and all the other weapons we need. The toll by our own conduct in allowing inflation is many tiroes greater than all our physical losses in Korea caused by the enemy. Addition- al funds will now have to be (Continued on Paffe 9, Column 4) BARUCH J -i.t_ II ww foot, unless supplied with special night sun tomorrow at (Continued on Page 5, Column 3) ALSOP i Additional weather on Page 15. Annette Dionne extends her hand as she greets Viee-President Alben W. Barkley from her place in the receiving line with her four famous sisters at the annual Alfred E. Smith memorial din- ner in the Waldorf Astoria hotel in New York city. The other quints, left to right, are Yvonne, Marie, Emilie and Cecile. At the right is Francis Cardinal Spellman. (A.P. Wirsphoto to The Republican-Herald.) of important folks appearing was Vice-President Alben W. Barkley. But the quints did the show- stopping. In clear sweet voice, they sang six songs, in French and Eng- lish including "The Sidewalks of New favorite of the late Al Smith. The famous youngsters An- nette, Cecile, Emilie, Marie and Yvonne were dressed alike in blue taffeta evening gowns and white capes. Many Distinguished Guests Besides Earkley, distinguished guests included Cardinal Spellman New York's Governor Thomas E Dewey, U. S. Senator- Herbert H Lehman, U. S. Ambassador to Mexico William O'Dwyer, and Warren Austin, chief U. S. dele- gate to the United Nations. It was the quints' first visit to New York, and the dinner guests focused their enthusiasm on the girls, who were introduced by Cardinal Spellman. Their father, OLtva, and several hometown class- mates looked on. Cardinal Spellman told the au- dience that the nondenominational icharity had raised The foundation was organized in the [name of Smith, one-time governor of New York and the Democratic presidential candidate in 1928. Gift to Hospital The cardinal announced a gift of to Beth Israel hospital from the treasury of the foundation. In his speech Vice-Presldent Barkley, without mentioning Soviet Russia by name, spoke of a na- tion that fought beside the U. S in World War n, but now "seems to have made up its mind that, whereas Hitler and his totalitarian theory could not conquer the world, they will undertake it them- selves." First Paratiroop Landing It was the first parachute land- ing of the Korean war. MacArthur "Closing the trap should be the end of all organized resistance. "I don't see any he said. "It looks like it was a com- plete surprise." After the parachute troops took off for combat General MacAr- thur landed in Pyongyang at an airstrip in the center of the city. He ordered Lieutenant General Walton H. Walker, the American Eighth Army commander, to send South Korean troops to the Man- churian border as fast as they can move. State officers said conclusion of the organized fighting would be followed by an extensive mopping up campaign which will continue (Continued on Page 5, Coiuron 6) KOREA r literally "caught with his pants a North Korean prisoner presents a lighter touch as a 7th cavalry soldier marches him back to regimental heitdquarters. Trousers slipped as photographer made picture. (U. S, Army photo via A. P. Wirephoto.) ;