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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 15, 1947, Winona, Minnesota '-w-'.....; W EATHER Fair oonllnUsd mild tonlfhti IfcU N EWS PICTURK Best tn Local Dally Full Leased Wire. Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations VOLUME 47. NO. 203 W1NONA, MINNESOTA. WEDNESDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 15. 1947 FIVE CENTS PER COPY s __ Hurricane Lashes Savannah, Moves On U.S. to Buy In Francs Army Purchase to Alleviate French Dollar Shortage Tru- rniin announced today he has authorized the iirmy to purchase In fruncs from the French government to help In the French dollar crisis. Thn President said In n statement that the francs will be used in payment of procurement obligations "or for other expenditures of the United States government." "The French government has In formed this government that In excess ot remains to be paid by the United States to France on account of procure- ment obligations Incurred by the United States army In France and North Africa nftcr September the statement added. For weeks, the administration has been searching for means whereby dollars could be made available to France. That country needs dollars to purchase food and coal In the United States. The purpose is to tide the French over until such time as Congress acts on Mr. Truman's request for emergency aid for Europe and for nld under the Marshall program. long-time European recovery plan. Under Secretary of Stato Robert Lovett announced earlier that the Marshall program will be ready for presentation to Congress November 10. Snyder Advocates Cutting Debt Now WMhlnirton Secretory of the Treasury J. W. Snyder declared today that the current business boom provides the means for re- ducing national debt If we have the stamina." The occasion was unveiling of a bronzo statuo to Albert Oallatln, the SwlM-born fourth (1801-1813) secretary of treasury. Relating the nation's current problems to those it faced in Oal- Intln's day, Snyder commented In a dedicatory speech: "We of this generation face the problem of n huge national debt re- sulting from the extraordinary ex- penditures of war. "We. too, arc experiencing an unusual prosperity, which will per- mit us. If we have the stamina, to reduce that debt and thus strength- en our financial structure. "If tra are to help those people now In desperate trouble who de- .aerve aid, and have proved they de- sire to help themselves if given the opportunity, wo must keep our financial position sound. It there- fore behooves us to keep our house in order." Report on Europe Sharp Upturn Andresen Leaves Noted in Conducted Tour to Jobs in City Go Behind Scenes While In England Congressman August H: Andresen of Red Wing hnd ample opportunity to .consult with British leaders and found them alarmingly frank expectations of direct grants from the United States. They were not Interested In loans for the purchase of food and machinery but sought aid through outright grants. Here Congressman Andresen is seen In conference with Herbert Morrison, British minister of food. 41 Firms Set Up Since VJ-Day Employing 339 Employment in Wlnona in the 296 establishments visited through Tues- iday during the community employ- 'ment and industrial survey now un- der way is higher in these establish- ments than seven years ago, Stanley 8. Hammer, manager of the state employment office here announced today. These firms now employ persons as compared with in October 1940, an increase of workers. Among the 296 establishments vis- ited to date, there are 41 new busi- nesses started up In Wlnona since VJ-day in August 1945. These new businesses now employ 339 persons. At the conclusion of the survey the data collected will be tabulated and analyzed and a booklet describ- ing employment and employment changes ill the city will be issued by the Minnesota state employment service. Subsequent reports on labor market trends In Winona will also be released monthly by the local em- ployment office. Sponsored by A. of C. The survey Is-being sponsored by the Wlnona Association of Com-, merce in cooperation with the state! employment service, under the direc- tion of.O. V. Anderson of the St.! Paul state employment office. He is being assisted by Archia Rohl and Dale Berqulst also from the state office in the tabulation and analysis (Editor's Note: This is the first of a series of articles on the situation in Europe cut viewed Congressman August H. Andresen who headed a special House of Representative committee in an in- spection of food conditions in 13 Western European countries. A second article will follow tomorrow.) By Henry G. Hymes, SpecUl Republican-Herald Writer Una Minn __Will there be mass starvation In Enrol ItCa 1M111U. man, AUSUU, .DIUWII, vriuuuu., this winter? Will communism overrun Europe? What are the peo- Mllt .Mercler winona; Arnold chest. (Republican-Herald Photo.-) Sky Queen's Passengers Rescued From Atlantic New York All 62 passengers and the crew of seven have been rescued from the giant flying boat, Bermuda Sky Queen, which, was forced down In the storm-tossed North Atlantic here announced today thTwtaSlffiSKSS completion of the rescue, which began employment offices making the can- vass of firms in addition to two Teachers college students. They are: pie of that continent thinking today? Is progress being made in 0 gressman, Weather FORKCASTS Wlnona and vicinity: Fulr tind continued mild tonight; low tonight 60. Increasing cloudiness Thurs- day, local showers likely by late aft- ernoon or night followed by cooler; highest in the afternoon 80. Minnesota: Partly cloudy south east and mostly cloudy north and west with local showers extreme west this afternoon and north and west central tonight. Somewhat extreme north tonight. Thursday partly cloudy iintl rnllcl. Wisconsin: Oi-ncrally fair continued mild tonight and Thurs- day. I-OCAL WKATIIER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at noon today: Maximum, 87: minimum, 01: noon, 81; prtclpltiitlon, none: nun nets to- night at p. m.; sun rises to- morrow at a. m. TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Mln. Prcc. Chlcnco Denver..... Moincs Kiinsn.H City 84 K, (IG 88 Los Angeles 13 Miami 80 Miiim-ftpnlls-Sr.. Pmil 8" Nrw Orlrlitis Senlllr DAILY G7 45 02 07 57 71 fin 71- UK 5H -20 I1UM.ETIN Flood Stage 24-hr. Stage Today Change Reel Wing Lakf City 12 Dam 4. T.W Darn 0, T.W Winonu Root nt Houston 5.7 KOHKOAST (From to Outtcn No Kiitr operation Is contemplated unlriw hfnvy ruins occur so there br little crmtiKT In the stages throughout weekend. the district over the Andresen, Red Wing, Minnesota's First district con- 'tural committee, which ___ ___ returned from a 42-day tour of 13 countries of Europe has found, in his opinion, -the answer, to at least some of these questions. Wo found Congressman Andresen here Monday, busy consolidating his voluminous notes, relaxing from the trip and catching up on his cor- respondence. He looked o bit tired, but Is preparing to inform the na- tion, through the report of his com- mittee, on actual conditions in Eu- rope as they found them, The British Isles was the first country in Europe visited by the committee. Congressman Andresen and his party left New York aboard the Queen Mary on August 27. It (Continued1 on Page 5, Column 3) ANDRESEN Clayton Quits As State Department Under Secretary William L, Clayton quit today as undersecre- tary of state for economic affairs but agreed to stand by as nn un- paid adviser to the secretary of state. His wife's health was given by Clayton as the reason for his resig- nation, effective at the close of busi- ness today. President Tru- m a n, accepting the resignation with reluctance, expressed "great satisfaction" over Clayton's assur- ance of his will Ingncs.s to return to tho public scrv- Ico If Clay- ton's health im- proves sufficiently to permit him to do so. muum i- Clayton wrote Mr. Truman October 7. Mr. Truman told Clayton that his letter left him "no alternative but to acquiesce." Clayton, 67, resigned as chairman of tho board of Anderson, Clayton and Company, a Houston, Texas, cotton firm, to enter government service In 1D40. He first Joined tho office of the Brewers to Offer Own Grain Plan of the nation's browing Industry came up today with a grain con- servation program they hope will be satisfactory to the citizens food committee. Meanwhile the committee, having Donath, Wlnona: George Clausen, Wlnona; Earl Witt, Wlnona; Fred Thompson, "Wlnona; Vernon Ganz, Teachers college and Dell Pottratz, Teachers college. Employers Cooperate Interviewers report the employers have given them splendid coopera- tion in the furnishing of necessary information. It Is expected every employer In Wlnona and suburbs will be contacted by Friday of this week. An. interesting figure revealed by the partial survey completed Tues- day is that about 32 per cent or of the persons now employed in the 296 establishments are wom- en; and less than nine per cent of employes, or 274, work on a part- time basis. A part-time worker is one who works less than 30 hours per week. 48 Per Cent Oppose More Aid, Badger Poll Finds Racine, WIs. According to a poll of the Wisconsin Agricul- turist, 48 per cent of the state's farmers are against further large loans to Europe. Twenty-three per cent of tho farm people approve further loans, tho Agriculturist said, but 29 per cent of them wero undecided on the question. eased the rules for "meatless Tues-j days" to encourage use of such by- products as liver and kidneys on that day of the week, promised further shifts in policy any time somebody thinks up a "better and faster way to save grain." Chairman Charles Luckman said he does not want the people "to feel that this Is an Ironclad program and not subject to change." The brewers planned to outllno Minnesota Royal Arch Masons Elect Waseca Man a. m.' (C.S.T.) today In a message from Captain Paul B. Cronk, the cutter Body of Missing St. Paul Woman Found in Lake St. Panl A post-mortem examination Is being made today of the body of Mrs. Grace M. DeZelcr, 37 rural Ramsey county resident missing since September 19, whose weighted body was recovered Tues- day from Little Bass lake. 34, miles north of Braincrd. Thomas J. Gibbons, Ramsey county sheriff, said he was holding Arthur DcZcler, 49, tho woman's husband, for questioning. Also held was Miss Elizabeth UeZeler, a for- mer wife, the sheriff said. At Bralnerd, Dr. John M. Thabes, Jr., Crow Wing county coroner, said the body was discovered by four Indiana fishermen. Floating face up in the water, it was anchor- ed by a concrete building block weighing more than 40 pounds which wns attached to the woman's nude body by a double strand of copper wire about the waist. The coroner said the body had been In the Jake for at least two wcclts and was In an advanced state of decomposition. Bibb, which took the 69 aboard after standing by the stricken plane since It landed In high seas 82 miles off the Newfoundland coast. The coast guard said It had noti- fied the Bibb to destroy the aban- doned plane as menace to naviga- tion and to proceed to Argentia, Newfoundland, with the rescued passengers and crew. The Bibb Is expected to arrive at Argentia early Friday morning. The message from the cutter was: "All passengers and crew aboard.! Will advise further passenger de- tails after careful check. Recom- mend plane be destroyed. Pilot Mar- tin agrees." A second message from the cutter Captain fixed the number of res- cued at 62 passengers and seven crewmen. Earlier reports had a total of 62 persons aboard the Stassen Planning November Tour Of Southern Area Washington Dixie Republi- cans liad advance notice today that plane. 18 Remained coordinator of inter-Amcrlcan af- their grain-saving Ideas to Luckman fairs then became deputy federal] during the day in reply to his dc- loan administrator and in for "a reasonably substantial Joined the Commerce department as reduction" In the use of wheat and assistant secretary. Appointed -1" plus property administrator in 1S44, he supervised the handling of some goods. In surplus war Late In 1944 he was named as- slstiint .secretary of state in charge of foreign economic affairs. Last summer Congress created the new post of economic under secretary and Clayton moved up to this number three post in the State department. 1 Dead, 7 Missing In Colorado Storm Denver, Colo. A driving storm which left nearly two feet of snow on the high Rockies, dlsupt- cd travel and Imperiled hunters was moving northeast out of Colorado today, leaving behind one known dead and seven men lost In a miss- ing army transport plane. Dend was William Barnes, 81, Spencer. Iowa, injured fatally Tues- day night when he was Btruck by a motorist while crossing a Colorado struct In a blinding rain. Sheriffs of dtvoriil mountain caun- tlo.M expressed fear some sportsmen might be marooned by the Ktorm which stiirtccl early Monday. One group near Georgetown abandoned their automobile In a nix-foot drift anil walked four miles to safety. Food Kliortiigcs wore reported from numerous hunting camps In the southwestern area. The Denver weather bureau Bald the storm was moving Into Nebraska wad tha 'corn for beer and ale. Relax Meatless At a press conference following the second meeting of the full 26- man conservation committee, Luck- man made these other points: 1. The group has relaxed the meatless Tuesdays program to the extent of approving increased use of meat by-products "on Tuesdays as well us on other days." He listed those by-products, which "arc in plentiful supply and can be used as liver, kid- neys, brains, sweetbreads, hearts, pigs feet and pig knuckles, tripe, oxtails and tongue. Two Trends 2 There are "two schools of thought" about the effectiveness of serving no eggs or poultry on Thurs- days as a grain conservation meas- ure. The committee Is studying that problem but at present "no change in the program is anticipated." 3. He hopes to be able within a day or so to amplify a statement that effective are being taken by the nation's farmers to cut down on the amount of grain fed to live- stock and poultry. St. Paul, Minn. Wesley H. Rethwlll Waseca. was elected grand king and Hanford Dox, Clo- quet, grand scribe by representatives from 75 lodges who closed the an- nual meeting of the Minnesota Royal Arch Masons here Tuesday night. Actress Wed Second Time to 3rd Husband on 1st Anniversary Los Angeles Actress Lois Andrews, 23, was married for the second time to her third husband on their first wedding anniversary Tuesday niffht, but there was no immediate honey- moon in prospect today. She and Actor Steve Brodle, 28, were married In the Wil- shlro ward chapel, church of tho Latter Day Saints. Seventeen men and a woman re- mained aboard the wave-tossed air liner Tuesday night awaiting day- light and the resumption of the coast guard's rescue operations which earlier had transferred their companions to'the Bibb. The plane was forced down when it ran short of fuel while bucking heavy headwinds on a flight from Ireland to Gander, Newfoundland. The coast guard cutter went to its old. Rescue operations, so peril- fraught that at one time a raft carrying 15 persons overturned. Marshall Says U. S. Pressing For Stability Boston, Mass. of State Marshall said today that the United States was pressing a de- termined campaign for world sta- bility which lie declared la "abso- lutely necessary to world Marshall told tho convention of the Congress of Industrial Organi- zation (C.I.CO that the campaign demanded "cool calculation and great determination" along with----- readiness to "discount vicious propa- sized but all were rescued. eanda and outrageous criticism." Rescue operations, Cronk said, Cerence consisted of quieting the turbulent with oil slicks and shielding Soviet-'the plane from the wind by mancu- were suspended last night. Waves up to 30 feet high buffeted the plane when it landed and hampered rescue operations. The wind, the coast guard said, had carried the plane about 60 miles from its landing place Tues- day, with the Bibb remaining along- side, rltory. Oil Slicks Used Stassen lifted Captain Charles Connick of a transatlantic plane, Star of Lisbon, reported at Shannon, Eire, that he talked by radio with the Bibb Tuesday night and was told "15 passengers in one lifeboat tumbled into the Water when the boat cap- travel in the same direction. Taft generally is conceded strong support among the southern dele- gates. Backers said he can be counted on to try to offset Stassen's attempts to break Into this area, which will furnish about one fifth of those eligible to vote on the nom- ination of a presidential candidate at next June's Philadelphia conven- tion. Some of Governor Thomas E. Dewey's outside support lies in six Midwestern states where Stassen, the only avowed candidate for the 1948 nomination, claimed Tuesday he will get the backing of 100 out of 130 delegates. Disputing .this, Dewey spokesmen accused the former Minnesota gov- ernor of an attempt to show that he has a bloc of votes rivaling in size that of New York state. Tart supporters also said they believed Stassen was taking in too much ter- to plans to aid Europe or American division on other issues, ho said that the "highly critical worJct situation" Involves dangers "which affect every American alike." 4. The committee wants to dls- conscrvatlon measures with tho wet millers, who manufacture such products as corn syrup and molasses, the dry millers, who make cereals, and the commercial food manufacturers. 5. When tho bushel goal is in sight the' committee will be the first to suggest relaxation of such measures as the two-month liquor distilling holiday to start October 25. vcring the Bibb upwind. Martin, the Sky Queen's pilot, sat the giant piano down on the water about three miles from the Bibb and taxied the remainder of the way. The coast guard described the landing as "Incomparable." Five trips between the Bibb and the plane were made before rescue operations were suspended for the night. William Green, left. American Federation of Labor president, relaxes as John L. Lewis, United Mine Workers' chief, attacks Taft- Hartley law during his address at the American Federation of Labor convention at San Francisco. Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald.) Sauk Centre Editor Sitting in on U.N. take Success Charles Rathe, editor of the Sauk Cen- tre, Minn., Herald sat In on United Nations meetings today as what he termed "an official observer from my home town to see if U.N. is really a going concern." Rathe, former managing edi- tor of the Fur Eastern edition of the army newspaper, Yank, was chosen for the trip by the Minnesota chapter of United World Federalists, he reported upon his arrival late Tuesday. The federalists, with head- quarters in N'ew York, hold that the U.N. charter needs altera- tion into a world government form. Sauk Centre will decide if it agrees upon receipt of Rathe's report when he arrives back in Minnesota, the editor said. i among the 200-odd delegates n. doz- en traditionally Democratic states will send to the 1948 convention. Harold E. Stassen 'announced that he Is heading south In November for speeches and conferences In Lit- tle Rock, Ark., Dallas, New Orleans, Gulfport, Miss., St. Petersburg, Fla., and Orlando, Fla. His move may Losing Force Rapidly As It Travels Inland Man Crushed by Falling Tree Near Charleston, S. C. By The Awoclnted Savannah, sweeping in from the Atlantic, lashed Savannah and its environs with 80 to 100-mile an hour winds today and moved on across Georgia, losing force rapidly. Towering waves whipped up by the wind battered low-Dying beach, areas and high tides caused some flooded streets and roads along tha Carolina-Georgia coast. No casualties were reported here, but an unidentified Negro man was crushed to death by a. falling near Charleston, S. C. Winds or sale force were expect- ed to reach inland 150 miles subsiding. Property Damage limited First reports indicated limited property damage. XT. S. highway 80 into Savannah was still open, but was Uttered with, fallen trees. Worst damage In Savannah appeared to be uprooted trees and smashed windows. The hurricane, which split off tha tropical storm which moved across Florida and out into the Atlantic last Sunday, passed over the Georgia, coast early today. Hunter Field re- ported 95-mile gusts when anaemomcter blew away. Tides were piling over the sea wall at Savannah beach and the Weather bureau, said further high tides were expected to Inundate two-thirds of Tybee island, on which Savannah beach is located. Evacuation of the beach areas "wai accomplished during the night. Florida Battlci The hurricane appeared to centered close into the Savannah, area. Brunswick, another port city 81 miles to the South reported high, winds but no damage, rear was ex- pressed, however, that expected high, tides might Isolate St. and Soa- Island, thickly populated bench resorts. Meanwhile, southern Florida con- tinued to battle raging floods caused by heavy rains accompanied the storm as it swept across tha peninsula over the weekend. A state of emergency was de- clared at Fort Lauderdale, Miami Springs and Hialeah, Fla. Miami also lay in the path of the vast flow of water rushing from the Everglades to the sea. City and Iowa; Minnesota, Missouri. North Dakota, South Da- kota and Wisconsin as likely to give him a majority of their votes. Minnesota. Conceded In this connection, Senator Hlck- enlooper (R.-Iowa) told a reporter that so for as "he knows the Iowa Republican situation has not "Jelled." Hlckenlooper, who has not publicly Indorsed any presidential aspirant, said he hnd an Idea his state's 23 delegates will go to the convention unpledged. The Iowa delegation supported Taft In 1940 and Dewey In 1944. Stasscn's claim to majority sup- port in Missouri runs Into conten- tions from the Dewey camp that most of the state's 33 votes will po to the New York governor. Tart tentatively has scheduled a visit to' Missouri to see what support he can pick up there. There also are indications that Senator Kent (R.-Mo.) may offer himself as a "favorite son" candi- date to keep the state's delegation off the committed list. Stassen Is conceded Minnesota's 25 votes, but he must win a primary n Dewey has shown great strength in the Before he can be assured of that state's 27. Sleeping Cars Offered for Sale Minneapolis, some- tiling to sleep on: The War Assets administration said today it would like to dispose of troop sleeping cars to the highest bidder. Bids will be accepted until Octo- ber 30, WAA officials said, for one or any number of the cars. The sleeping cars are located at the Sangamon Ordnance depot, Illlpolls, 111., and may be inspected .there. i be matched soon by a decision by state health authorities opened Senator Robert Taft (R.-Ohio) to clinics to administer inoculations against typhoid. Schools were closed in many coamunities. Dulles to Ignore Vishinsky Attack Lake Foster Dulles will Ignore Andrei Y. Vishin- sky's bitter attack on Secretory of State George Marshall's proposal to revise United Nations machinery, an American source said today. The U. S. delegate, whom tha Russians have labeled a "war- planned to await reac- tion from other delegates in tha assembly's 57-natIon political com- mittee and make no reply to Soviet deputy foreign minister's lat- est blasts. Dulles was reported to agree with Dr. Herbert V. Evatt, Australia, who told the committee shortly after Vlshinsky's blistering speech Tues- day that attacks on the motives of other delegates nve becoming "stale." Express Confidence The feeling within the American delegation was reported to be that Vishinsky's repeated attacks only bolstering the Marshall pro- posal and confidence was expressed that the plan year-around 'little assembly" would be adopted. As Russia headed for another ap- parent defeat on the continuous assembly issue, the Arab countries began their last-round battle against the U. S. for supporting the parti- tion of Palestine Into separate Jew- ish and Arab countries. Dr. Farid Zeln ed-Din, Syrian minister to Moscow, spoke beforo the special 57-nation committee on Palestine yesterday and concen- trated his fire on the tT. S. and Zionism. This afternoon Camillo Chomoun of Lebanon asked for tho floor to push the policy laid down by the six Arab delegations In special caucus called after the United States and Russia took their stonds In partition. The Syrian said most of the money supporting the Zionists came from, the United States. He declared there were six times more Jews in New York state than in Palestine, and asked whether the U. S. would agree to the partition of New York Into a separate Jewish country. Calls Finn a. "Farce" Vishinsky .sprinkled liberal ref- erences to Russia's clmrvte of "war- mongering" against the United States into his speech on the Mar- shall proposal. He said the secre- tary's program was a "farce" and would undermine Uie U.N. by en- couraging "warmongers and war propagandists." The basic points of the Marshall proposal call for the interim body to make recommendations on promot- ,ng peace, conduct investigations and special sessions of tho asiembly when ;