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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 14, 1949, Winona, Minnesota COOLER TONIGHT, SATURDAY FAIR VOLUME 49, NO. 203 WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 14, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SUPPORT YOUR COMMUNITY CHEST EIGHTEEN PAGES TODAY- Top Facts Overlooked By Admirals By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Washington In the current shocking outburst of the feud be- tween the armed services, not the least shocking feature Is the dis- play of bland contempt for plain facts. For example, more than half of the naval aviators' angry test! mony has been aimed to prove the worthlessness of strategic aviation by proving the worthlessness of the B-35, Yet this is obvious non-j sense. Moreover, the nonsense must be well- understood by Admiral A. W. Kadford, who has organized and, is leading the naval aviators' at-j tack on service unification. Forj Admiral Radford must at least be! familiar with the broad outlines of; our war plans. And if Admiral; Radford has this much knowledge, he must also know that the B-36i groups are merely the most pub-l licized element in the American! strategic air arm. IN THE ORIGINALLY projected 70-group Air Force, 20 groups werej assigned to the strategic air of which no more than six would j have been B-36 groups. In the re- duced Air Force resulting from President Truman's peculiar de- cision to halt the American de- fense build-up, 14 groups are as- signed to the strategic air arm, of which only four are B-36 groups. At -.present, the other groups composing the strategic air arm are equipped with modernized B- 29's and B-50's. But as soon as the Boeing Company can get the plane into full production, all the B-29's and B-50's will be replaced with B-47's. This new six-jet bomb- er has been specifically exempted by the naval aviators from the criticism of the B-36. And so it must be, for the B-47 will combine truly remarkable speed and alti- tude characteristics which are still classified, with range equivalent to the B-29 range. This balance between longer and shorter range aircraft within the strategic air arm, represents aj reasoned decision by Generals! Hoyt Vandenberg, Joseph T. Mc-l Narney and the other Air Force] leaders, which was in turn confirm- j ed by General Dwight D. Eisen- hower 2nd the joint chiefs of staff. TJnder this decision, the bulk of the strategic air arm will be com- posed of shorter range planes that will operate from overseas bases, precisely because such planes can have better speed and altitude characteristics, but an intercon-j tinental element is also in order to reduce the temptation to try to seize our overseas bases. This intercontinental element is provided by the B-36, IN SHORT, the decision last win- ter to equip four groups with the B-36, was a calculated risk. And another decision was simultaneous- ly taken, to press forward with! production of the with all' speed. If the admirals were logi-l cal, they ought to attack the whole decision and not a part. Unfortunately, logic has been less conspicuous in the recent tes- timony than courage and intensity of feeling. And this is perhaps thej case because the whole troublej started with Secretary of Defense Louis Johnson's cancelation of the! Navy's giant carrier. j In brief, the admirals have Reds Guilty of Conspiracy Support Urged for Chest Labor, Civic, Religious Leaders Praise Agencies Republican-Herald photo Eyeing The Empty Thermometer which will register pledges to the Winona Community Chest fund beginning Wednesday are the two captains of the A list solicitors, Irvin A. Teasdale, left, and Karl Conrad. The 1949 drive which is under ths general chairmanship of E. F. Heberling will be in full swing next week. i Board Proposed Winona Presses Plea Labor, civic and religious leaders today voiced their support of the 1949 Winona Community Chest drive. The vital role the Chest-supported agencies are playing in the welfare] of the community was stressed by the spokesmen in their endorse- m'ents to E. P. Heberllng, chair- man Of the 1949 drive. The drive will get under way Wednesday when A list solicitors To Decide on Navy Charges Marines Present Views on Defenses To Congress Monday For Mid-Continent Airlines Stop Here Despite the fact that the Civil Aeronautics' board has ordered [Northwest Airlines to provide carrier service immediately for the Beloit- jJanesville, Wis., airport, Winona is going to stick by its earlier decision back Mid-Continent Airlines in its application to provide this city with air service. This was decided at a meeting Washington Two key con-! of the Association of Commerce gressmen proposed today thatj aviatlon committee at the Hotel Wi- i President Truman name a civilian i j board to referee the bitter Thursday afternoon, called the news of the CAB deci- lover defense plans which has erup- sion in the Beloit-Janesville case. ted in the armed forces. A hearing is still in progress in Their suggestion closely parallel- Washington which will determine if I ed one already offered Mr. Tru-j Mid-Continent will be given the! Byrd Reports Russ Expedition To Antarctica Five Attorneys Convicted for Court Contempt Ten Year Jail Terms, Fine Possible man by the Army-Navy union, an j organization of present and form- miles of routes authorized the] nonoperative Parks Air Lines more! Glimmer of Hope In Steel Strike Pittsburgh A faint glimmer of hope appeared in the dead- locked steel strike picture today. Peace-seeking government mediators announced exploratory talks in New York with Bethlehem Steel Corporation had given them a "better understanding" of the company's position in the steel dispute. The mediators said they found "basis for further discussion." Bethlehem, the nation's second largest steel the first company to confer with the media- tors in their current effort to solve the 14-day-old steel walkout of 000 steelworkers. The conciliators want to reach a common meeting ground among the struck companies in order to start new joint bargaining sessions. Negotiations broke off two weeks ago when the steel companies re- fused to bow to demands of the C.I.O. United Steelworkers for company paid pensions and insur- Movies Battle Crime Element In Hollywood Hollywood motion cessively said that atomic bombsjture industry has declared war could not be delivered to strategic. criminal elements in the film sieel companies emploJves also pay 60me! p y targets; because the destruction And it is planning to steer! I such targets would not be newcomers to the movies on a Philip Murray, president of bo. h because the whole business; straight moral course. the C.I.O. and the steelworkers, and was immoral and irreligious. Yet' The recently-formed motion pic- has been visiting various steel cen- was the giant carrier was intended industry council, comprising jters to talk to the union rank and workers at AJFX. people to give generously to their local chests. I urge the unions affiliated with the Winona Trades Labor council and their mem- bers to support the Winona Community Chest. It is a community-wide drive that deserves the support of everyone in the labor movement. Arthur Wedge, President, Winona Trades Labor council. Co-operation Urged In Obtaining Goal Dear Mr. Heberling: During this week preceding the opening of the drive for the Community Chest, I am sure it is with some fear of failure in reaching the goal that you ap- proach your formidable tasks as chairman of this civic effort. Failure in this drive, which means so much to the entire population of the city, must not even be considered. As you devote your thought and your energy to the laying of well-grounded plans and to their successful execution, you must be encouraged at the thought that you will be aided by a corps of solicitors who are as convinced as yourself of the necessity for even exceeding the determined quota, 'at the thought that the wise use of the tunds collected in the past several years has conferred im- measurable social benefits on our city, at the thought that everyone is ready to sacri- fice more this year because of civic pride. As we bear from day to day of the success achieved by other communities in their drives, who in this city, aware of the needs met by the Com- munity Chest and with much less effort than formerly, can dream of failure here? I feel certain that you will have the co-operation of the many who give some thought to civic progress, who are inter- ested in social betterment and who can imagine the void that would be created by the absence jer servicemen. The lawmakers'than two years ago, or whether the! proposal came on the heels of the'Parks certificate is to be extended news conference state-i or the routes given to other ap- plicants. Report Heard The aviation committee heard a report from S. D. J. Bruski, city attorney, who represented the city at the Washington hearing. He also took the stand there as a witness, told of the development of the Wi- nona airport and the intense local desire for carrier service. The committee decided that since the current hearing is still under way, no further action will be taken at this time. When the hearing is completed, the CAB will be asked to expedite its decision with the hope that quicker service for Wi- nona will result. 4 will call on their contributors, general solicitation will follow. The statements supporting the Chest follow: Organized Labor Voices Its Support Dear Mr. Heberling: Both the Minnesota Federa- tion of Labor and the American Federation of Labor, at their annual conventions, have en- dorsed the Community Chest jthe Navy fired repeated charges and urged affiliated unions and jthat the fighting power of the fleet ment yesterday that -he sees no need to change the fundamentals of present defense policy. Nevertheless, said Representa- tives Brooks and Price there is a disagreement and it should be settled. The two lawmakers are members of the House armed services committee. They brought up the plan after listening for more than a week as (is being weakened, while the Air I Force gets funds and favors and 1 builds B-36's to carry out a kind of warfare that the admirals called wrong. Previously the Air Force had! officials of the Mid-Continent I made the giant intercontinental company have Informed Winonans I bomber sound like a good thing to! that this city made an excellent! a lot of congressmen. The Navy sent in its top officer, Admiral Louis "E. Denfeld, chief of inaval operations, to wind up its presentation at the hearing and) they complimented Mr. Bruski for his "fine job." Representatives of Rochester and La Crosse, niter- case yesterday. The marines take j venOTS the case with Winona, over Monday. Then the big brass iaisO outstanding Jobs, they said, and civilian chiefs of the Armyj Winona Considered and Air Force, and Secretary of) was mentioned more Defense Johnson, get their chance !than any othfir city and is being to sound off. given more a Mid- Johnson did propose some peace! continent official said. "This is for terms which he said should bring about a unified approach to grave problems of defense. But it was Denfeld who came through with some of the Navy's most direct charges. He said, for instance, that: 1. America has a monopoly and a 25-year lead on the carrier taskj force ,and its "power punch." But the Air has argued for "com- plete elimination" of "this most powerful instrument of modern warfare" and the Army has rec- ommended its "serious reduction." 2. The law says there shall be reasons, first the excellent .Winona airport facilities, second, the spirit evident in Winona for coast. airline service and third, the fine in Washington. It seems certain New York Rear Ad- miral Richard E. Byrd says Russian ships recently have gone to Antarctica and sent planes on exploration missions over the frozen continent. "Whether they were looking for uranium or not, I cannot Byrd added. "The Russian ships are reported not to have had any names to identify them." The veteran polar txplorer, who spoke at ceremonies in his honor at the Hayden planetari- um last night, did not disclose where he obtained his informa- tion. Small Tropical Storm Spotted Off Bahamas Miami, Fla. A small tropi- cal storm, with highest winds up to 45 miles an hour, churned into the Atlantic from the Bahamas to- day, veering away from the Florida The Weather bureau here said at showing your representative made 5 a. zn. that the disturbance was located about 100 miles north of 2. Tfle says were snauoe chairroan; Mr. Bruski; naval aviation and the proud Ma- closway executive edi rine corps, and the sister services agree in public utterances. But id the "councils of the Department of Defense the opposite view is often evident." 3. These same councils repeat- edly question why a strong Navy is needed when no potential enemy has one of any size. 4. The Navy is denied a "full partnership" in the defense sys- tem. 5. Unification is a good thing if it means co-ordination but not merger, absorption or elimination. 6. There has been improper op- eration in pushing purchases of the B-36, in canceling, the Navy super- carrier United States and in at- tempted curbs Marines. of the Navy and 7. The Navy's morale is all right. that the board is going to see to itlMayaguana island and was con- that Winona gets good service justjtinuing its north-northeasterly course at about ten miles an hour. The disturbance, still in its for- mative state, was expected to in- crease both in size and intensity. Forecasters added, however, that it was still too early to tell accurately what the storm might do. The disturbance, attended by rain and thunder showers, was about 500 miles southeast of the Florida coast. "Shipping in its the Weather bureau "should exercise caution." W. R. Davis of the TJ. S. hurri- cane warning service said the storm developed in the southeastern Ba- hamas from a broad, flat squall At the Thursday meeting were Mayor Cy Smith, Harold Doerer, president, and A. J. Anderson, sec- retary, of the Association of Com- merce; J. M. George, Winona attorney and aviation committee ski; Gordon R. editor of The Republican-Herald, and Roy T. Patneaude and William A. Galew- ski, co-managers of the Winona airport. Central Airlines Winds Up Case Washington Wisconsin Central Airlines of Madison, Wis., wound up its case yesterday in its plea to obtain a portion of the Parks Midwestern feeder airline routes. The Parks system, which stretches through 11 states, was certified three years ago by the Civil Aeronautics board to operate feeder airlines service in the Mid- west but service was never insti- tuted. Now ten carriers, including thej New Eleven top Amer- ican communist leaders today were I convicted of conspiring to teach the forcible overthrow of the United States government. The 11 defendants, all members of the communist national board, were remanded to jail to await sentencing next Friday at a. m. (C.S.T.) Eight of the defendants had been free on bail. Immediately after the verdict, five defense attorneys and one of the defendants were convicted of con- tempt of court. Eugene Dennis, general secretary of the Communist party, who acted las his own counsel, was the defend- jant judged in contempt. The five attorneys convicted of contempt were Harry Sacher of New York, Richard F. Gladstein of San Francisco, Louis F. McCabe of Phil- adelphia, George W. Crockett, Jr., Negro, of Detroit, and Abraham J. Issennan of New York. Trial Besides Dennis, the defendants in the trial were: Jacob Stachel, 48, director of the propaganda and education division. Gilbert Green, 4J, niinoii chairman. John Gates, 36, editor of the Daily Worker. Benjamin Davis, Jr., 46, New York city councilman. Gus Ha.Il, 39, Ohio chairman. Irving Potash, 46, CXO. Fur "Workers Union official. Robert Thompson, St, New York state chairman. John Williamson, 45, labor secretary. Henry Winston, 38, orpinita- tional secretary. Carl Winter, 4J, Michigan chairman. Dennis is 44 years of age. Gates, Hall, Thompson and Win- ston all served with the U. S. armed forces during the war. Stachel, Potash and Williamson are foreign-born. No date was set for their sentence. The jury had deliberated approxi- mately seven hours. Attorneys Sentenced Sentences were set at once for the attorneys. Sacher and Gladstein received six months. Crockett was convicted un- der nine specifications and sentenced to four months on each to run con- currently. McCabe was given 30 to Ulc uttinci v. uiuwoui.r v-uwin-n, j fib- t wuuiu I gain for the Navy a share of thejnine major Hollywood guild, labor Me. He told steeiworKers aii f th partjcipating agencies, i n f )t ,-_ ..jiino-ioai v.. _ i ........i vocf-.prHnv i _. 'on. But it is illogical, pnt wants to obtain the entire It will always be difficult to Air Force's strategic air management groups represent- And the carrier was therefore to ing some individuals, an- do all the things the admirals havinounced the new program today. Homestead, Pa., yesterday: The steel industry is continuing this strike in defiance of the; doubted or denounced. j The council adopted a people who want indus- mTre- hn "the Hollywood area longltry to accept the recommendations THE CARRIER could not be been mafle the presidential fact-finding tified in any other way, and shakedown artists! board." role as a strategic air v-eapon was Jand Qther criminal elements who He termed the umon'E fignt m fact admitted by its gn and of the greatest crusades of to the joint chiefs of staff Fur and the in the and repeat- more, there are unavoidable hmi-j whUe said thg his contention that the steel tations on the performance of ratg is lower i industry "forced" the strike, craft that must take off from Jn comparable communities About 15 fabricating companies land on carriers, however it added this ls have agreed to accept the recom- All the criticisms of ff. r and omised its co-! mendations of the presidential fact- tion by Captain Trapnell, Admiral. tion to all law enforcement finding board. Ofstie and their colleagues apply fnrthpr nr Some fabricating companies have only about a week or ten days supply of steel left and may close down sooner unless they come to terms with the steelwork- ers. About C.I.O. members are employed in those mills. They have various strike deadlines, stagger- ed from October 15 to December 15, jaencies "tofurther reduce or com- i L ii_ u u tu .iui Liiti ui vuni to the bombers that would have; w eliminate this source of no. .operated from the giant carrier. Ini almost every way, the performance! of these bombers would have been, epute aIiA public jeop. The council was organized eight .lllc was inferior to the performance of agQ with thg almounced of taking measures to is all the shouting counteract unfavorable publicity about? The answer is simple. Theiaoout the motion picture industry B-47. What tlien shouting is about Secretary John-jand -its personnel. son's attempt to confine the Navyj Its pr0gram for 'protecting as- to its primary mission of maintain-jpiring movie hopefuls from errors ing control of the seas, allotted un personal and professional con- to it by General Dwight D. hower and the joint Chiefs of staff. This does not mean that Secre- tary Johnson is beyond criticism. The plain truth is that the slow- down in our defense preparations, jointly enforced by President Tru- rnan and Secretary Johnson, has Drastic operation cuts are in or- der this weekend for steamship an announcement said, is j companies which carry iron ore intended to counteract "lack of Jon the Great Lakes. More than a psychological preparation for the score of ships will be anchored sharp transition from relative ob- and crews furloughed since the scurity to the Hollywood spotlight. It will include "straight-from4he- shoulder talks by seasoned individ- uals, including newspaper men and'steelworkers union has threaten- mills can't use the ore. Trouble also loomed on the aluminum front where the same left us without enough defense tejwomen covering the Hollywoodied a. strike for a.m. Mon- put in your boot. But the now-j beats, who can detail past experi- abandoned defense concept of Gen-jences." eral Eisenhower and the joint It would give the youthful new- chiefs is based on the fact that the comers to the movies "an early Soviet union is a nonnaval power. orientation into the responsibilities It therefore calls for reductions in! and blandishments the Navy, combined with increases in the strength of ground force, Air Force and our overseas allies. Thus Secretary Johnson's shocking slowness to implement the positive side of our defense concept is ex- tremely unlikely to irritate the ad- mirals. public prominence that go sa that with they may be better fitted to face the problems arising from such respon- sibilities." That would include, the council said, "solid instruction in matters like personal deportment and pub- lic relations." I day. Union officials said, some j Alcoa employes at nine plants in nine states will wait out unless the company agrees to its wage, pen- sion and insurance demands. Alcoa contends the exact demands of the union have not been presented. The nine plants affected are in Alcoa, Tenn., New Kensington, Pa., Badin, N. C., Bridgeport, Conn., Edgewater, N. J., Detroit, Bauxite, Ark., Richmond, Ind., and Mobile, Ala. demonstrate to some persons how they benefit from the pre- sence of such agencies in their community. Yet it is well worth the effort. Information regard- ing the work of the agencies, such as The Republican-Herald has been giving recently, must eventually convince every one that he benefits each time ac- tion is taken to promote the in- dividual, the social or the gen- eral welfare. It is my earnest hope, as it is yours, that this conviction will soon be found in the mind and heart of every citizen. For the success of our local drive, then, yon will not have to depend so much each year on large contri- butions from the few, but you can expect a ready response from all who, though giving ac- cording to their means, will assure the attainment of the quota year after year. Trusting that you and your co-workers will receive the eager co-operation of all in achieving your goal, I remain, Sincerely yours in Christ, Joseph F. Hale Vicar General Business Back Of Chest Drive Dear Mr. Heberling: Winona at heart is probably one of the most generous com- munities in the world. The kindliness of its people is known to whoever visits here. Nothing is left to chance in welcoming out-of-towners. Now comes an opportunity to do something for our own people. It must be accepted with the (Continued on Page 3, Column 4.) CHEST 8. The Navy has no objection to j Wisconsin company and Mid-Con- seeing the B-36 developed enough; tinent Airlines, are seeking all or to determine its value as a part Of the system. Mid-Contin on. But it is "illogical, gnt and dangerous" to start buying Airlines attorneys estimate It will be months before passenger flights can be started. on a mass basis, before such an evaluation. Nationalists Desert Canton Canton troops deserted Canton today and this sleepless South China city expect- ed the conquering communists to march in at any time. Municipal officials already were reported to have opened negotia- tions for surrender of the deposed government capital and home of Chinese. Rumors spread that the reds may take over today. The reds were last spotted only ten miles from the center of Can- ton. Nationalists passed quickly through the city, going south and away from the path of the oncom- ing enemy. White Cloud airport and military airfield seven miles northeast of here were believed to have been seized by ths reds. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Fair and cooler tonight; low 35. Saturday fair and "pleasant; high 65. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations foi the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 73; tytirtimnm 52, noon, 63; precipitation, trace; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomor- row at Additional weather on Page 15. of the Bahamas Wednesday night and Thursday morning. Military "hurricane hunter" air- craft planned to ride into the dis- turbance area today, forecasters said, which should give a clearer picture of the storm. Truman Signs Waterways Bill Washington iff) President Tru- man signed Thursday the 190 Army civil functions appropria-) tion bill carrying funds for Defense Attorney Harry Sacher. engineer flood control and naviga- tion projects. Isserman was sentenced four months. Dennis was sent to prison for six months on the contempt charge. Mrs. Thelma Dial, foreman of the jury, in announcing the verdict, said, "We find each and every one of the defendants guilty." The verdict was returned to Fed- eral Judge Harold Medina at a. m. (E.S.T.) The Jury entered the courtroom at a. m. after deliberating exactly seven hours. It received the case at p. m. yesterday. The maximum penalty possible for each defendant Is ten-year imprison- polled at the request These 11 Top-Rankinp Communists of the United States were convicted today in their conspiracy trial at New York city. From left, front, are Robert Thompson, Winston, 35; Eugene 44; Gus Hall, 39, and John Williamson, 48. At rear ate Jacob Stachel, 49; Irving Potash, 48; Carl Win- ter, 43; Benjamin Davis, 46; John Gates, 36, and Gilbert Green, Wirephoto to The Republi- can-Herald.) ;