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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 9, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight And Saturday; Temperature Same Support Your Community Chest VOLUME 53, NO. 198 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESO EVENING, OCTOBER 9, 1953 TWENTY PAGES Yugoslavs rotest Loss of Trieste Shift in Defense Emphasis Ordered Ike to Rebalance Forces to Meet Russian Threats Continental Guard Will Be Strengthened By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON Wl Eisenhower apparently hopes to rebalance the nation's defense forces to deal with what he terms Russia's increasing capability to deliver atomic attack upon the United States. This capability, the President told a news conference yesterday, includes or will include the hydro- gen power far in ex- cess of the conventional types" of atomic weapons. The President added, however, that he would not say the threat of war was on America's doorstep now. The President's statement and his replies to questions on the Soviet threat and American coun- ter power embraced indications of action on the military defense front. There was no evidence, how- jever, that the administration has succeeded as yet in finding any I formula for cutting down the dan- CHICAGO Sen. Alexander Wiley (R-Wis) said today that ger by diplomatic action, policies of appeasement, go-it-alone, and preventive war all add up was stm to national disaster. working hard on his estimates of The chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee asserted j the international situation. He "The only sensible course in foreign policy today is collective security, VPt rie- is why we have adopted it." While the collective security policy is fairly expensive, Wiley said, "It is the only way in which the total resources of the free world can be combined in a pool to meet the Soviet threat effectively. Vict President Richard M. Nixon and his wife Pat are almost covered with leis on their arrival at Hickam Air Force Base in Honolulu, Hawaii, on the first leg of their Far Eastern tour. (UP Telephoto) _________ Appeasement Invites Wiley Says made clear he had not yet de- termined when to speak out pub- licly in detail on problems of atomic diplomacy. He confirmed he told Adlai E. Stevenson, the 1952 Democratic TODAY Defe Confu Incr nse sion _ reduced the drain on the resources j nominee for president, that he was of any single nation, including our I sure the State Department would own. eases By STEWART ALSOP serious mind- ed citizen these days can hardly be Frankness Urged The Wisconsin senator made his observations in a speech before the 59th annual meeting of the Central Supply Association, an or- ganization of wholesalers of plumb- ing and heating equipment in 22 Midwestern states. He urged frankness on the part of those in charge of the govern- ment's atomic energy program in presenting the facts to the public of the potential threat of nuclear weapons in hostile hands. I hope it will be found possible, within limits of national security, to make public more information blamed for feeling a little like one about ftg awful potentialities of of those laboratory rats which, ex- posed to conflicting stimuli, is re- duced to a condition of quivering rodential neurosis. For American citizens in recent days have been subjected to an avalanche of wild- ly conflicting statements about the S'oviet air-atomic threat, all em- anating from supposedly well-in- formed officials. "Operation Can- dor" looks like its becoming "Op- eration Confusion." The confusion has been com- pounded, moreover, by the nature of Secretary of Defense Charles E Wilson's arguments against any really major effort to strengthen the continental defense against nuclear attack. Secretary Wilson has said that he proposes to spend no more than an additional half' billion or so for air defense, as sgainst the very much larger ef- fort recommended in the Lincoln Project report, the Kelly Commit- tee report, the Bull Commitee re- port, and a host of other special expert studies. Three-Year Wait In support of his decision, Wilson says that "it will be perhaps three years before they (the Russians) have a reasonable number of bombs and airplanes that could deliver them." This statement is subject to argument. Secretary Wil- son apparently refers only to hy- drogen bombs, for example, con- veniently overlooking the fact that for more than four years the Soviets have been stockpiling atomic bombs. A mere talf dozen or so big atomic bombs could de- stroy the larger cities in this coun- try. Again, Secretary Wilson remark- ed in support of his decision that "panicky" persons were given the Russians credit for "some bomb- ers they don't have." Presumably one of'these panicky persons is Wilson's Chief of Air Staff, Gen. (Continued on Page 14, Column 3) ALSOPS 101 Americans Still In Red Hands, Report HONG KONG dfi The U. S. consul general here said today 101 Americans still are in Communist jails. be interested in Stevenson's ideas of a non-aggression pact with Rus- sia under certain conditions. Sec- retary of State Dulles said Tues- day his department was thinking now only in terms of possible as- J I V.1IU Ul surances to Russia against revival steer she showed at of German militarism. J, ames New Labor Secretary WASHINGTON James P. Mitchell was sworn in today as secretary of labor and attended his first Cabinet meeting, Mitchell, 52-year-old former New York City department store executive with long experience in labor relations, took the oath in ceremonies at the White House with President Eisenhower looking on. The New Jersey Republican, who says he is "neither a plumber nor a teen assistant secretary of the Army until Eisenhower announced the new ap- pointment Thursday. He succeeds Martin P. Durkin, a Democrat who quit a month ago and went back to his job as AFL Plumbers Union president. Durkin complained that Eisen- hower had broken a pledge to rec- ommend to Congress a set of 19 proposed amendments to the Taft- i Hartley labor relations law. Eisen- I hower later said he had never knowingly broken a promise to any- associate. While Durkin was in the Cabinet, administration critics claimed it was composed entirely of million- aires except for one plumber, Durkin, Mitchell declined to discuss the Taft Hartley controversy with newsmen. He said he has never publicly expressed himself on the law and would like to keep it that way for a while. Praises Ability In announcing the appointment to his news conference, Eisenhow- er praised Mitchell's ability and long experience in handling labor relations problems. Mitchell him- self promised to try "to the best of my ability to 'do the best pos- sible 'job for the people of the Uni- ted States." The selection was generally ac- claimed by Republicans and Dem- ocrats and by some union leaders. However, AFL Vice President Al Hayes, who heads the AFL Ma- chinists Union, called the choice of Mitchell same SOUTH ST. PAUL (Jl Beef word used by the late Sen. Robert at S3.50 per shudders to many a Minnesota j housewife. James P. Mitchell Prize Steer Nets State Gir! a Pound Mrs. Robert C. Greenlease, mother of the kidnaped and slain boy, Bobby, 6, left the Kansas City cemetery chapel the boy was entombed, in tears today. The Rev. Herman J. Koch, pastor of the family church, walked with her. (UP Telephoto) KIDNAPERS CHARGED Funeral Services Held for Child KANSAS CITY UT) Funeral services were held for slain 6-year- old Bobby Greenlease today at the same hour as his kidnapers, man- acled together, were arraigned in St. Louis on federal extortion charges. was returned temporarily' to the St. Louis city jail. Officials de- clined, for security reasons, to say what the next step would be for the pair, or where they would be taken. The FBI withheld a nationwide alert for ex-convict Thomas John Vr i A IT n nH n'rc Marsh, but police from coast to Carl Austin Hall, 34, and Mrs. nnoc, fh t f the Bonnie Brown Heady, 41, were or- dered held on bail each JTrtuu i USCU UV IHH, pound way bring I A. Taft (R-Ohio) when Eisenhower on a federal extortion charge pend- i__- ,...1 jng determination of the next step in their case. They waived pre- liminary hearing. The Justice Department announc- ed in Washington Thursday that the state of Missouri would be Now even the Department of has been turned over to But it brought only smiles for Hayes said. Karene Michels of St. Peter when she received that figure for the grand championship black Angus 35th annual Junior Livestock Show. clear weapons and the crisis we ence concerned U. S. reaction to Wiley said. "It is intoleH Russia's increasing atomic capa- able that public policy should be j bility. backed by present or poten- determined in a democracy in an tial possession of the H-bomb, The President also said he hadn't The 20-year-old Karene got a heard any suggestion, as widely speculated in London news dis- patches, that Prime Minister Churchill had or might get agree- ment from Eisenhower to a propo- sition the Churchill go to Moscow to talk with Malenkov. Eisenhower said he had not studied this idea one way or another. Many questions at the confer- What one tries to dp in dealing with this kind of a situation, the President said, is not necessarily to increase the overall defense cost determined in a democracy atmosphere of almost total ignor- ance." In his discussion of foreign pol- icies, Wiley dismissed appease- ment as "untenable and unwork- able on the basis of past exper- ience." The go-it-alone policy "costs more than appeasement to achieve the same end national he said. Wiley predicted the Communists j and that he was will fail the free the effectiveness curity." CIO President Walter Reuther said Mitchell enjoys "a good repu- tation" among unions. But he said Mitchell's "good will" would get nowhere unlesss the administration and Congress adopt policies more favorable toward unions. Sen. Theodore F. Green (D-RI) described Mitchell as "a very good man." Neither he nor Sen. Hugh Butler (R-Neb) foresaw any difficulty in Mitchell's given jurisdiction in the case since it appeared no state lines had been crossed by the kidnapers. Missouri has the death penalty for both murder and kidnaping. As the grim proceedings were taking place before a U.S. com- missioner at St. Louis, services were conducted for the slain child in St. Agnes Catholic Church in Senate confirmation next January. suburban Johnson County, Kansas. check for from the Hamm Brewing Co., St. Paul, highest bidder on the animal at the auction which closed the show Thursday. The carcass is to be donated to a St. Paul free cancer home. Miss Michels, a junior at the University of Minnesota, said she would use the money to pay ex- penses for her senior year. She said her 4-H livestock efforts have so far paid all of her school costs. The S3.50 figure was exceeded I ommend amendments, when Con-1 Church. only by the S3 75 and S3.60 per i gress reconvenes, to correct "a During the Mass of the Angels, pound the winners received for number of defects" in the law. It usually said for children.Jhe doors prize respectively. Heady's St. Joseph, Mo., home Wednesday. The 37-year-old Hall told officers be turned the boy over to Marsh on the day of the kidnap- ing and later found him shot to death in the basement of the Heady home. He claims he hasn't seen Marsh since. Think Hall Killer Some officers say they believe LUC wuuiciB leaven Hall was the killer. Other author- beeves in 1945 and 1950, may fall on Mitchell to quarter-1 of the stone church remained open. jties even expressed doubt They agreed he faced a "very rough'" task because of the Taft- Hartley law controversy. To Ask T-H Changes Eisenhower has promised to rec- About 100 close friends of the family attended a silent prayer service at a funeral chapel, after which a requiem high mass was conducted at St. Agnes Catholic coast were on the alert for the mysterious figure who may hold the key to unanswered questions in the kidnaping. The FBI said it had taken the Demonstrate Against U. S. And Britain Foreign Property In Belgrade Pelted With Stones By ALEX SINGLETON BELGRADE, Yugoslavia New demonstrations broke out here today against the United States, Great Britain and Italy as President Tito and his Cabinet met to formulate new protests against Italian occupation of the major part of the bitterly-disputed Tri- este territory. Rifle-carrying troops on horse- back' held back throngs which swarmed in front of the three em- bassies in angry protest against the British-American announce- ment Thursday they would with- draw their troops from Trieste port and the surrounding territory and turn it over to the Italians. The mobs had pelted property occupied by the three foreign na- tions with stones until early today, smashing windows and damaging automobiles. No major casualties bad been reported. Tito hastily summoned his Cab- inet into emergency session. The government was expected to de- liver a strong note of protest to the two Western powers later to- day. The government radio said a Yugoslav note already delivered to British and American authori- ties in Trieste had warned Tito's government would "take all meas- ures at its disposal to protect its interests and the interests of Tri- este Slovenes" in the British American zone. Reports from Trieste City, the strategic Adriatic port and center of the territory, said the Yugo- slavs already had closed the bor- der between the southern half of the territory which they occupy and the northern British-Ameri- can zone. There was speculation here that Tito might rush troop reinforce- ments to the border in an effort to delay the British American withdrawal. Vice President Edvard of Kardelj already had .dicated a consistencies in statements made by Hall and Mrs. Heady. Hall admitted kidnaping the 6- year-old boy, son of multimiilion-' aire Robert C. Greenlease, 71, burying the child's body after find- ing him dead and collecting the ransom. But he denied killing Bobby, Yugoslav appeal to the United Na- tions. A dispatch' from the Allied half of Trieste said scattered shooting was heard today from the Yugo- slav zone. The semi-official Yugoslav news agency, Yugopress, reported that demonstrations against the Allied announcement were widespread in whose body was dug out of a shal-1 the Yugoslav zone of the contested low grave in the yard of Mrs. area. back the Eisenhower recommenda Bob Chase of Pipestone got a lions on_ Capitol Hill. f .ouu UJ. J. ipcacuuc guu a but rather to adjust elements of eheck foj. the rate the defense structure as far as i fnr possible. New Priorities He said a scale of priorities has i per pound, for his grand champion J barrow and Ann Burnett, St. Peter, i the same end result-slow He said a scale of priorities has down sheep at Selo per pound, il he said. to be set up to accomplish this, reserve beef a the Communists I and that he was not prepared to Hereford exhibited by Karene's il in their attempt to split say yet what would be the degree! Rnnalrf lUirhph 19 world apart, "Because of I of change up or down, in defense j g f :ectiveness of collective which the administration Th nf Would determine to be needed. This Is How in and bills looks. The sum is the amount paid by the parents of Bobby Greenlease to his kidnapers. Guard Andy Anderson views the stacks of money at the Federal Reserve Bank in Chicago. (UP Telephoto) The auction yielded a total of with paid for the beef animals. Air Crash Near Halifax Kills 5 HALIFAX, N. S. l.fl Five air- men died today in the crash of a Lancaster aircraft at the Royal Canadian Air Force Greenwood Base, in the Annapolis Valley 100 miles west of here. The four-engine plane crashed and burned near the end of the runway. The cause was not known. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and tonight and Saturday. Not much change in temperature. Low tonight 40, high Saturday 66. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 73; minimum, 43; noon, 61; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Maximum temp. 71 at p.m. Thursday. Low 35 at a.m. to- day. Noon temp. 60. Scattered cloud layer at feet, visibility 12 miles. Wind from northwest at 5 miles per hour. Barometer 30.07 slowly falling and humidity 60 per cent. Sen, Kefauver (D-Tenn) said he regretted that Eisenhower had been "unable to find some man from the ranks of labor." Sen. H. Alexander Smith chairman of the Senate Labor com- mittee, was not reached for com- ment. An overflow crowd of about 750 Hau and Mrs. Heady had an persons stood outside, silent, with accompiice. i. j ._ There has been some speculation that Marsh may be dead. The FBI has filed a fugitive war- j rant for the arrest of Marsh who] heads bowed in prayer. No decision has been announced I on whether Hall and Mrs. Heady would be tried on kidnaping charg- es in Kansas City or on murder charges in St. Joseph. After the arraignment the pair With The Backdrop of St. Louis City Hall, left, Bonnie Heady and Carl Hall, center, are moved by U. S. marshals for their ar- raignment in the kidnaping and murder of Bobby Greenlease. They were arraigned at the same time that the funeral was taking place for the slain boy in Kansas City. (UP Telephoto) nas been charged with murder. Tne capture of Marsh could an- swer tbese questions: Who actua'Jy killed Bobby Greenlease? Why he was killed, even before ransom negotiations were well un- der way? Is Hall's story about Marsh merely an invention? Approximately was re- covered from a room in St. Louis after a tip from a taxicab driver about a man on .a spending spree led to Hall's arrest. Hall has said he may have lost another bag of money while drunk. Further doubt was cast on Mrs. Heady's story that she didn't real- ize she was participating in a kid- naping when she lured Bobby from his school on the pretext she was his aunt. Find Fingerprints The FBI said her fingerprints had been found on ransom notes used during the kidnaping nego- tiations. held on bonds on federal charges of extortion. However, Atty. Gen. Howard Brownell said in Washington they would be turned over to the State of Mis- souri for prosecution. Jackson County Prosecutor Rich- ard K, Phelps said they probably will be brought to trial here. He said that at this point kidnaping charges against them in Kansas City are stronger than would be the murder charges against them in St. Joseph, Mo. Death is the maximum penalty for either crime in Missouri. Police in various parts of the na- tion have had numerous reports from persons who believed they saw the missing Marsh but none of the tips panned ouR 1 The Foreign Office, meanwhile, apologized to the three Western governments for the violence to their property. A government com- munique and press organs urged the people to remain calm. Announcement of the Anglo American decision, which would leave Yugoslavia in possession of the territory's southern half brought some angry Yugo- slavs into Belgrade's streets. Educators Draft Own Plan to Rout Out Communists WASHINGTON A committee of educators today drafted a reso- lution calling on the nation's col- leges to do their own hunting for subversives among faculty mem- bers. The resolution, to be submitted later in the day to the 36th an- nual convention of the American Council on Education would urge congressional investi- gating committees to keep hands off the colleges. As the resolution-drafting got under way, however, there was no general agreement on details of the program. The proposal was the outgrowth of a sometimes heated panel dis- cussion Thursday on the subject of congressional searching for Com- munists among teachers. The dis- cussion produced some sharp at- Hall and Mrs. Heady now are tacks on Sen. McCarthy. (R-Wis) and the Senate investigations sub- committee he heads. Harry D. Gideonse, president of Brooklyn College, said congression- al probes had in some cases prov- ed helpful in unearthing Reds in colleges. But he denounced what he called McCarthy's "manhunts" as "wholly irresponsible, blatantly demagogic." 3M to Exand Wausau Facilities ST. PAUL UP! Plans for a expansion of its facilities at Wausau, Wis., were announced today by the Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Co. ;