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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 30, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy Tonight, Snow Friday Who Is Tops In Our Town? VOLUME 50, NO. 242 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 30, 1950 THIRTY-FOUR PAGES omb in Korea Pondered Chinese Strike in East Korea Puzzling Lull Prevails Over Western Front Americans, British, Turks Check Flanking Movement Seoul Eighty thousand Chinese Reds on a new offensive were reported attacking United Nations forces in Northeast Korea today. A curious lull fell on the frozen bloody battlefronts in the northwest. Major General Edward M. Al mond told war reporters six' to ten Chinese divisions "suddenly confronted" his Tenth corps forces in the northeast. Lieutenant General Walton H Walker's Eighth army in the northwest was similarly faced with Red Chinese at the outset of the Communist offensive last weekend. American Marines and infantry men around the Changjm reservoir were surrounded in Almond's area. They were battling fiercely but the Marine supply route was cut. In- telligence officers said probaby six of the divisions mentioned by Almond were in the forward at- tacking force. Some Red tanks were in use there. In the northwest, A.P. Corres- pondent Hal Boyle reported after aerial observation that the last American troops protecting the bitter retreat of the U. S. Eighth army across the icy Chongchon river pulled back safely through flaming Kunu. Chintit Strafed Fighter planes strafed Chinese moving toward the town. American vehicles crunch- ed over the frozen brown road westward toward Anju, a coastal communications hub, to join other United Nations forces retreating to a new and sharply constricted line. An Eighth army spokesman said wintry quiet prevailed over most of the northwest front throughout Thursday. This was confirmed by Correspondent Boyle over the front could spot no movements. The lull came after Americans, British, and Turks checked Com- munist efforts to unhinge the right fle.nk and pin the Allies against this yellow seashore of west Korea. The spokesman said the Chinese continued to pour men and equip, ment toward U. N. forces but that little ground contact was reported. There was no ready explanation for the abrupt time-out in the Chi- nese which U.S. Secretary of State Acheson said created "a situation of unparallel- ed danger" to world peace. There were these guesses: The Chinese had over-extended their lines from Red Manchuria and were pausing to regroup and re- supply or perhaps some under- cover decision on the diplomatic front stayed the troops. Marines Pressed However, at mid-day Thursday the lull seemed confined to the shrunken front along the Chong- chon river in northwest Korea. In the northeast, American Marines and infantrymen were battling swarms of Chinese around the Changjin reservoir. And the Allied supply line was cut. The peril to the northeast was underscored by Major General Ed- ward M. Almond, commander of the Tenth corps in that area. He estimated that -up to Chinese "suddenly confronted" his forces. But the main threat to the en- tire United Nations' armed peace- (Continued sn Page 14, Column 2) KOREA Divided Command In Korea Assailed By Don Whitehead With U. S. Eiflhth Army, of the United Nations offensive has drawn sharp criticism here of the divided command in General MacArthur's military forces in Korea. Many military 'men are questioning the setup in which the U. S. Tenth corps is operating in northeast Korea entirely independent of the Eighth army on the northwest The Tenth corps' commanded Major General Edward M. Al- mond, frequently is referred to in this theater as a "special police force." In effect, MacArthur has two forces fighting in Korea one Truman's goal of an- labeled as an army and the other nually. This results from easing as a corps. The co-ordination of i gt tax rate originally proposed these forces is not handled in the Dy the administration. Washington Senator May- field but from GHO- Tokyo. Chairman Doughton (D.-N.C.) bank (D.-S.C.) today quoted a high Tn's sharp separation of com-1 told reporters the measure, de- Price Control Curbs Considered Compromise Excess Profits Bill Approved House Committee Agrees on Levy House ways and means committee today agreed on a compromise excess profits tax bill estimated to yield a year. It would be retroactive to last July 1. As drafted, the bill's estimated revenue falls short of President administration official as saying "active consideration" is being given to invoking wage and price controls. "I have been advised that the matter is being studied at the top said Maybank, chairman of the Senate banking committee. Gov. Youngdahl State Rent Controls Requests St. Paul Governor Young- dahl today requested Stuart Roth- man, state housing director, to have state emergency rent control aw ready for consideration when he 1951 state legislature meets January 2. "While the Congress is determin- ing the place of rent control in national Youngdahl said, "we think that the avoidance of uncertainty and insecurity on the part of both landlords and tenants again requires consideration of the state emergency rent control law." Youngdahl recommended a stand- by measure which would "prevent disruptive practices or abnormal conditions producing threats to pub- lic health and general welfare." At the same time, he assured pro- perty owners of "full deserved ad- justments." Rothman, in taking the assign- ment, promptly pointed out that any stand-by rent control regula- tions "caunot affect the present situation that requires the govern- ing, body of each city with rent control to determine whether there is a need for its continuation be- yond December La Crosse Park Expert Promoted of the Interior Chapman appointed Don- ald E. Lee, La Crosse, Wis., chief of the public services division of the national park service yester- day. mand responsibilities in the field i signed to siphon off what Mr. Tru- has been one of the puzzles of the j man called "abnormal" business Korean war. No one yet has given j earnings, will be introduced in the an official explanation of why House tomorrow. Tenth corps is divorced from i Eighth army. Seek Closer Ties Associated Press Correspondent Stan Swinton, who has covered Tenth corps -since Almond's men went ashore in the northeast, pointed out today there was a physical reason for the separation of commands. He said the north- central Korean mountain mass splits North Korea in half so Eighth Army and Teneth Corps could not operate as a single unit. Swinton said many officers at Tenth corps privately believe there should be closer liaison between Eighth army and Tenth corps but (Continued on Page 4, Column 4) DIVIDED Suspect Bound Over in Stabbing At Rochester Rochester, Minn. Munici- pal Judge Irving L. Eckholdt to- day ordered Mrs. Stewart Case, 33, bound over to district court for trial on second degree murder charges resulting from the stab- bing-death of her 74-year-old father-in-law, John S. Case. Case bled to death November 19, a coroner's inquest four-d, after being stabbed twice with a 12- inch heavy butcher knife following an argument between him and his daughter-in-law. Her attorney did not ask for bond and she was re- turned to jail to await a grand jury hearing tomorrow. Witnesses testifying for the prosecution today were Dr. War- ren A. Bennett, Mayo Clinic path- ologist, who performed the autopsy on Case's body; the widow, Mrs. John S. Case, and Police Officer Arnold K. Mork. Dr. Bennett testified as to the location and details of two wounds he found on Case's body. Mrs. John S. Case testified as to events preceding the stabbing and said she saw her daughter-in-law with the knife in her hand. The elder Mrs. Case said that the daughter- in-law had remarked that "if the old man laid a hand" on her or her children she would protect herself. Richard Manahan, attorney for Mrs. Stewart Case, drew from the elder Mrs. Case a statement that the younger woman had stabbed her father-in-law several years ago Evans, all were reported in good I following an argument over a dog. condition. The wound, at that time, was not The blast bulged the walls of the serious. The widow also said that machinery building. Some I her husband and her daughter-in- nearby law had argued, often bitterly and at length, for several years. A-D-M Elevator At Minneapolis Damaged by Fire Minneapolis Firemen kept all night vigil last night over a grain elevator where a series of fires followed a dust explosion that injured three workers yesterday. The blast came near flax clean- ing machines at the Archer- Daniels-Midland plant at Malcolm street and 29th avenue southeast, near the St. Paul city limits. Last night, four hours after the first explosion, flames rekindled and 16 pieces of apparatus were recalled to the scene. Fire Chief Reynold Malmquist ordered the fire watch posted. There was no immediate estimate of damage. The three burned men, Julius Seha, Cecil Bowley and George Prayers Said by Private First Class William W. Henninger of St. Paul while 68 of his Army buddies were massacred by North Korean Reds on October 21 are answered. The happy faces belong to Wil- liam, Jr., four, his son, and the soldier's wife as they met him at the railroad station in St. Paul upon his return home for a 30-day furlough. Henninger escaped the Sunchon railway tunnel atrocities by feigning death. He said, "I never prayed so honestly in my life to see my wife and son again." (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) bushels of flax stored in bins was not damaged. 5 Found Dead Of Gas Fumes In N. C. Garage Fayetteville, N. C. Three civilians and two soldiers were found dead in a Fayetteville ga- rage early today. Police said car- bon monoxide gas caused the deaths. Police listed the victims as: Private Harold R. Knarr, Ft. Bragg. Private William K. Crawford, Ft. Bragg. Sylvester Eagan, of nearby Lake- dale, a mechanic at the Frank R. Bailey Auto Company garage, where the bodies were found. Samuel M. Ridings, of Goldsboro, N. C. James Y. Cary, whose clothing contained two addresses: Houston, Texas, and Los Angeles. Police Chief L. F. Worrell said two cars on which mechanics had been working had been in recent operation. 'Prepare for Acheson Warns Free Nations of World By John M. Hightower of State Acheson's declaration that the free world must "prepare for the worst" heralds an administration 1 drive to speed an even greater arms program in both the U, S. and Western Europe. Officials said today that will be the government's initial response I to the new global crisis created by Communist China's intervention More Needy Children Good Fellows Face Bigger Task This Year Than Last On Christmas, 1948, many needy Winona children shiver- ed in worn, tattered clothes. Last year itbat did not happen. It will not happen this year, if you support the Good Fellows in then: annual task to supply -warm winter clothing to Wino- na's needy children. Last year the Good Fellows club increased its fund-raising efforts over previous years. This was necessary because more children needed aid and dollars wouldn't stretch as far. On Christmas, 194S, the Good Fellows workers sadly report- ed that most needy Winona children were improper- ly clothed in spite of the Good Fellows work. The money rais- ed was not sufficient to buy more than one article for each what he needed. Who can determine what one clothing article a child should he needs f snow Be a Good Fellow Previously Jisted Mrs. H. M. Lamberton.. 25.00 A Good Fellow 1.00 These need help 15.00 Anonymous............. 5.00 suit, overshoes, trousers and underwear? Last year the Good Fellows responded wonderfully to the call for more money. Nearly was raised in volunteer contributions and every needy Winona child was equip- ped with the warm winter clothing he needed. Because there are fewer tm- employeS in the city this year than last, Good Fellows work- ers at first thought that it would not be necessary to raise as much money. Private investigation and conferences with the city poor department and the county welfare office, however, reveal that the problem is even more acute this yeur than last. While there are fewer job- less people, the number of struggling borderline families has increased. Abou-; 800 Wino- na children need some articles of winter clothing that their parents cannot provide. Some children need more help than others, and it is the task of the Good Fellows work- ers to determine what is need- ed for each individual child. Won't you help so that Christmas need not be a drab, cold day to these children who find themselves helpless through no fault of their own. Send or bring your contribu- tion to THE GOOD FELLOWS, in care of The Republican-Her- ald. Remember EyERY child is entitled to a Christmas. Looking Bowed under the gravity of the world situation, General George C. Marshall, secretary of defense, arrives at the White House to see Presi- dent Truman. He said the world must face up "in 2 very resolute manner" to the Chi- nese Communist aggression in Korea. (A. P. in the Korean conflict. The gravity of that crisis was pointed up by Acheson's warning to the nation and the world last night that "no one can guarantee that war will not come." Linked to this immediate dan- ger, Acheson pictured the free world at being under dark threat of Soviet military power with great "capabilities for conquest and de- struction." The intention of free men, he said, is to preserve! their institu- tions by peaceful means but his- tory has proved that "if we must, we will fight for them." "We must hope and strive for the best while we prepare for the he declared in a speech delivered from his office to the National Council of Churches of Christ in America, meeting at Cleveland, and broadcast by ra- dio and television. He had canceled plans to go to Cleveland because of the crisis. Acheson himself called for the arms speedup which appeared to be in the making. Declaring that the only; test of defense preparations Champion Steer Sells for Record per Pound Chicago Hotelman Albert Pick today paid a record high a pound for "Big Spring the grand champion steer of the 1950 International Livestock Ex- position. Auctioning of the Texas Hereford thus brought an additional for its 19-year-old owner, Lloyd Robinson of Big Spring, Texas. The steer weighed pounds when it was crowned grand cham- pion, but after numerous parades around the show ring, its auction- is whether they are adequate weight was officially correct- meet the danger the free world jM faces, he said: Must Step Up Defenses "So measured, the defense ef- forts of the United States and oth- er free nations are inadequate. "A greatly increased scale and tempo of effort is required on the part of all free nations to enable them to overcome this inadequacy at the earliest possible moment." There was little direct comment (Continuod on Page 15, Column 6) ACHESON WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Increasing cloudiness tonight, snow beginning Friday noon. No important tem- perature change. Low tonight 18 in city, 15 in country. High Friday 28. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 35; minimum, 18; noon, 18; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on Page 13. The white-faced steer, which cost Robinson already had brought him in prize money after it was crowned grand champion Tuesday. The previous record price was a po'v-nd, paid for the 1949 grand champion steer, another Texas-raised Hereford. Rochester Woman Found Frozen Rochester, Minn. The frozen body of Mrs. Irene E. Keleher, 47, was found in a little visited section of Mayo park late yesterday. There was no evidence of foul play, authorities said, but an autopsy will be performed late today. Mrs. Keleher, who lived alone, had not been reported missing, but police said the last time she was seen alive was on November 22. Police said she had been in poor health and had been per- iodically employed as a baby sitter. Law Requires Truman to Make Final Decision Congressional Leaders Called To Discuss Crisis Washington Wl President Truman declared today the Unit- ed Nations forces will not back down in Korea, and that the atom bomb will be used if necessary to meet the military situation. Mr. Truman's firm stand and mention of the most fearful wea- pon in the world's history came at a news conference filled to over- flowing by 200 reporters. The President said that whether the bomb was used was up to American military leaders in the field, but that personally he hoped it would not have to be employed. This appeared on its face to mean the decision on dropping the bomb was one for General Doug- las MacArthur, but some two hours after the news conference the White House took pains to make it clear the final answer had not been left up to MacArthur. Up to President A White House spokesman, who declined to be named, said Mr. Truman's remarks did not mean MacArthur himself can order use of the bomb. He noted that under the law all A-bombs are in cus- tody of, the Atomic Energy com- mission, and that only the Presi- dent himself can order their use. Mr. Truman was drawn into dis- cussion of the A-bomb by ques- tions from reporters after he had Reds Won't Talk Lake Success (f) The Chinese Communist delegation H the United Nations declined comment today on President itatement that use of the atomic bomb against the Chinese Communists it un- der consideration. Soviet Deputy Foreign Minis- ter Jakob A. Malik and Alex Bebler of Yugoslavia, Novem- ber president of the security council, alto declined comment. read a statement denouncing the Chinese Communist attacks on U. N. force's in. Korea, attributed them to Soviet imperialism, and announced that this country will speed up its mobilization of troops and armaments.' There were indications later .that some of Mr. Truman's foreign pol- icy advisers were unhappy that the President had chosen to com- ment on the subject of the A-bomb at this time. Decision Up to U. N. As for sending United States and Allied forces beyond the Man- churian border, the President said that would be decided by the U.N. Mr. Truman made these informal remarks after reading a formal statement denouncing in strong language the Chinese Communist aggression in Korea. He said the United States will meet the situa- tion in three ways: 1. The U. S. will continue to work in the United Nations for "concerted action to halt this ag- gression in Korea." 2. It will intensify its efforts to help other free nations strengthen their defenses "to meet the threat of aggression elsewhere." 3. It will rapidly increase its own military strength. There have been suggestions in Congress that MacArthur should be given authority to use the A-bomb if he felt it was neces- sary. Congress Divided Congress members divided sharply in their reaction to Tru- man's report. Senator Brewster who has been urging use of atomic bombs, said, "It's high time." "We ought to use it against Chinese troop concentrations and ammunition Brewster told newsmen. "I tbijik it would save a thousand of our troops in the next two weeks." Senator Millikin a member of the joint congressional atomic committee, took a different and more cautious view. "That's the most serious weapon that could be Millikin said. "It should not be used short of dire necessity. It may be that we have the dire necessity. It should not be used impetuously." Oppose Use of Bomb Senator Young (R.-N. D.) oppos- ed use of the atomic bomb against Chinese Communii-t troops. "It should be used only against really important and permanent Voung said. "That is not the present case from the facts we get." Senator Maybank (D.-S. C.) com- mented that "certainly every con- (Continued en Page 19, Column 3) A-BOMB ;